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MỘT số CHỦ đề HÙNG BIỆN kèm câu hỏi THEO CHỦ đề

TOPIC I: ENVIRONMENT
I. Useful language
- acid rain
EX: Acid rain is very harmful to the environment.
- (to) threaten EX: Toxic chemical substances threaten sea turtles.
- (to) affect = (to) influence EX: This area was affected by the flood
- endangered (species)
- urbanization
EX: The urabanization is a world-wide trend.
- atmosphere
EX: The Earth's atmosphere is a thin layer of gases that surrounds the Earth.
- climate
EX: The Mediterranean climate is good for growing citrus fruits.
- poison (N) => poisonous (adj)
- (tobe) aware (of) = (to) realize
EX: I think my neighbour isn't aware of polluting the environment.
- starvation (N) => starve (v)
- balance (N,V)
EX: Nature's balance might be disturbed.
- biodiversity
EX: What about an evening stroll to look at the biodiversity in our park?

- biosphere EX:The biosphere is the part of the earth's atmosphere and surface in which animals and plants can live
- carbon dioxide
EX: The concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere is low.
- carbon monoxide
EX: Carbon monoxide is emitted by cars.
- (to) chop down = (to) cut down
EX: Poor people often chop down trees for firewood.
- coastal waters
EX: Many bays and coastal waters have been contaminated (polluted) with heavy metals.
- death of the forests
EX: The death of the forests is a big problem in Europe.
- (to) destroy
=> destruction (n)
EX: The house was destroyed by fire/The use of renewable sources could stop the destruction of the rainforests.
- (to) die out = (tobe) extinct
EX: Animals are dying out far more often than you might think.
- dirt (n) => dirty (adj)
- (to) disappear <> (to) appear
EX: Many species disappeared in the last century.
- (natural) disaster
EX: The recent earthquake in India is a disaster.
- disposal
EX: Unfortunately, less people know of the disposal of hazardous waste.
- drought <> flood
EX: Drought had ruined the crops year after year.
- famine
EX: The Irish Famine of 1846-50 took as many as a million lives from hunger and disease
- energy conservation
EX: Energy conservation is a process of saving energy.
- preservation
EX: He is interested in historic preservation.
- (to) erode => erosion
- fertile (adj) => fertilizer (N)
- geothermal (adj)
EX: The first geothermal power station was built in Landrella, Italy.
- global warming
EX: They started a campaign to slow down the process of global warming.
- greenhouse effect EX: The greenhouse effect is the rise in temperature caused by gases in the atmosphere
- industrial waste
EX: Industrial waste can contain small amounts of radioactive materials.


- (to) menace
EX: Hurricane Hugo menaced the US coast for seven days.
- waste separation
EX: Do you know how to do waste separation?
- (to) recycle/renewable (adj)/reusable (adj)
=> Some types of renewable energy: wind power, solar power, biomass, geothermal energy, hydroelectric power
II. Practice questions:
1. Do you think cars should be banned from city centers?
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English Eloquence Contest (2017 – 2018)

Instructor: Nguyen Thi Thai Hoa


2. Which is more important, increasing people's standard of living, or protecting the environment?
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3. Who do you think is more responsible for pollution, individual people or the government? Explain.
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4. What is the most important issue facing the environment today?
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5. If you could choose one alternative energy source to develop which one would you choose? Why?
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6. Should we make the development of renewable energy sources an economic priority?
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7. How can we protect the environment and at the same time improve people's standard of living?
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8. Do you think overpopulation is an important environmental issue? Why or why not?
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9. What happens when we remove forests?
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10. What are the benefits/ disadvantages of a smoking ban?
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11. Do you have any ideas on how to minimize the use of plastic bags and Styrofoam boxes?
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12. Some people think that global warming is a lie. What would you say to them?
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13. Do you think we can save our planet, or is it too late?
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English Eloquence Contest (2017 – 2018)

Instructor: Nguyen Thi Thai Hoa


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TOPIC II: SOCIAL NETWORK
I. Useful language:
- app
EX: App is short for application
- bog
EX: Blog is short for Weblog / We have a fantastic blog that you’re reading now!
- vast (adj)
EX: social media is an umbrella term that refers to all online communities that allow users interact
with a vast array of online content
- interactive (adj) capable of influencing each other
- socialization (n)
EX: Such sites enable self-expression, conversation, and socialization
- informative (adj)EX: We can bookmark sites and pages we find particularly interesting, humorous, or informative
- virtually (adv)
EX: Social media allows users to entertain themselves and virtually socialize
- viral/ (to) go viral : when s.t is popular and spreads quickly, it has gone viral
- admin
- flame war
- linkbait = clickbait
- follower
- subscribe = (to) like. Subscribing allows a person to be notified when new posts are written
- (to) chat => chat room
- emoticon (n) facial expression, used to transfer writer’s emotions
- (to) comment = (to) add thoughts or opinions. Leaving comments means giving feedback to the writer of the blog
- trend (n)
- troll (n) is a person who deliberately starts arguments in the comments section
- hater
- id (n)
- (to) engage: (to) interact with others
- live stream : broadcast live over the internet
- unfriend: (to) remove a friend from your networking site
- a hit (n)
- useful (adj) >< harmful (adj) => (to) harm
- (to) affect = (to) influence
II. Practice questions:
1. What social networking sites do you use?
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2. What are some good points about social networking?
What are the pros and cons of social networking?
3. What are some bad points about social networking?
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4. What kind of information are you comfortable releasing to the public?
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English Eloquence Contest (2017 – 2018)

Instructor: Nguyen Thi Thai Hoa


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5. Do your parents use social networking sites? What do they think about social networking?
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6. What type of information should you put on social networking sites?
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7. Some people "collect" friends in social networks. What do you think about making friend online?
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8. Do you think Internet addiction is a real disease?
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9. How different would your life be if there were no Facebook, Twitter or Instagram?
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10. What brings to mind when you hear the term ‘social networking’?
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11. Should companies ban their employees from using social networking sites at work?
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12. Should children be allowed to use social networking sites?
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Should parents manage their children’s use of social network?
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13. Is it possible that social networking sites make people lonelier?
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14. Would you prefer to meet new people at a party or online?
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English Eloquence Contest (2017 – 2018)

Instructor: Nguyen Thi Thai Hoa


15. Are social networking sites changing our daily behaviour?
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TOPIC III: LIFESTYLE
1. "Do you think life is more stressful now than in the past?"
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2. How do you usually cope with stress?
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3. "What can we learn about ourselves when we take risks in life?"
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4. "Do you like change or do you prefer things to stay the same?"
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5. "Which is more important to you - success or happiness?"
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6. What do you prefer, to eat everything you like, drink a lot, smoke, have no physical exercise and die at the age of
60 or lead a healthy life and live until 100?
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7. If you didn’t need to work for income, what would you do with your time?
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8. Could you live without an automobile? How would it affect your life?
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English Eloquence Contest (2017 – 2018)

Instructor: Nguyen Thi Thai Hoa


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9. In what ways has your life directly benefited from contemporary science and technology? In what ways have you
been harmed?
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10. Do you believe that "the best things in life are free"? Explain.
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11. “Live as if you were to die tomorrow. Learn as if you were to live forever.” Mahatma Ghandi
a. Summarize this quote in your own words.
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b. Do you agree or disagree with this quote? Why or why not?
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c. In your opinion, is there a time when a person stops learning?
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d. Share something you want to do in your life before you die.
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Useful Language:
- Healthy >< unhealthy (adj)
- Preference (n) => prefer V_ing to V_ing (v)
- Diet
- Longevity
- Balance (n,v)
- Flexibility (n) => flexible (adj)
- Stress = tense (adj)
- Nutritious – good for your body
- Variety – a lot of different
- Food allergy – a condition that causes illness if you eat certain foods
- Vital – very important
- Moderate – neither small nor large
- Free-range – relating to farm animals that are not kept in cages
- Serving – portion
- To eliminate – totally remove
- Cut down on smth – to have less of smth
- Fattening – makes you fat
- Appetite – desire to eat
- Strongly advise – to recommend
- Balanced diet – you eat all the right food your body needs
English Eloquence Contest (2017 – 2018)

Instructor: Nguyen Thi Thai Hoa


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Snack – small amount of food between meals
Obese (adj) – unhealthy overweight (obesity – noun)
I strongly/ completely agree ……………./ There is no doubt about…………….
I partly agree……………/ There is one thing I can’t agree……………………..
I personally think…………………..

TOPIC IV: EDUCATION AND SCHOOL VIOLENCE
1. Which is worse: physical violence or mental abuse?
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2. If you see violence in your school, what do you do about it?
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3. Why do teenagers tend to be violent?
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4. Do you think the media (i.e. TV, news, movies, etc.) makes people violent?
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5. What do you wish your teachers understood about you?
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6. Do you think a person can try to become a genius, or are they just born that way?
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7. Some people say that your school days are the best days of your life. Do you agree?
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8. Is a good education more important to a boy or a girl? Why?
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9. What makes a “good” student different from a “low” student?
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10. Do you think it is good for teenagers to study in a single-sex school?
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English Eloquence Contest (2017 – 2018)

Instructor: Nguyen Thi Thai Hoa


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11. How important do you think education is?
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12. What would you like to change about the education system of your country?
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13. What do you think of the idea of lifelong education?
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14. What do you think of the idea of all education being online?
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USEFUL LANGUAGE:

to attend classes: đi học

bachelors degree: bằng cử nhân

distance learning: khoá học online

face-to-face classes: lớp học truyền thống (học theo dạng offline với giáo viên và bạn học)

to fall behind with your studies: tiếp thu chậm hơn so với người khác

to give feedback: đưa ra nhận xét, đánh giá về học viên

a graduation ceremony: lễ tốt nghiệp

higher education: học sau phổ thông (đại học, cao đẳng,..)

to keep up with your studies: cố gắng để không bị tụt lại phía sau

to learn something by heart: học thuộc long

a mature student: học sinh lớn tuổi hơn các bạn học, thường là do quay trở lại lớp học sau một thời gian đi
làm

to meet a deadline: hoàn thành trước thời hạn qui định

to play truant: trốn học

a single-sex school: trường dành riêng cho nam hoặc nữ học

to sit an exam: làm bài kiểm tra

tuition fees: học phí

(to) acquire qualification: nhận được kiến thức

graduation (n) sự tốt nghiệp => (to) graduate

(to) enroll on/ sign up for a course: đăng kí vào 1 khóa học

Discipline (n,v) kỉ luật, đưa vào nề nếp

(to) get a degree: nhận bằng cấp

(to) gain knowledge: nâng cao kiến thức

Lifelong education: học tập cả đời

Online study: học từ xa, học qua Internet
TOPIC V: FUTURE JOB
English Eloquence Contest (2017 – 2018)

Instructor: Nguyen Thi Thai Hoa


1. Do you think it is more important to make a lot of money or to enjoy your job?
If you had to choose between a satisfying job and a well-paid one, which would you choose?
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2. Do you think it's acceptable for women to be in the military? Why/ why not?
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3. Do you think women and men should be paid the same for the same job?
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4. If you could own your own business, what would it be?
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5. Who would you hire a employee with a lot of experience or an employee with a lot of education?
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6. Which job would you like to do in the future?/ What is your ideal job?
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7. Is it better to be a boss (employer) or an employee? Why?
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8. Which skills do you need to have a good working-life?
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9. Which jobs would you say are most respected in your country?
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10. Some people say it's better to work for yourself than be employed by a company. What's your view?
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11. Do you agree that some jobs are still more suited to either men or women?
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12. Do you think schools provide enough advice and support to students about their future careers?
13. What changes in employment have there been in recent years in your country?
English Eloquence Contest (2017 – 2018)

Instructor: Nguyen Thi Thai Hoa


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14. Do you think more people will work from home in the future? Can you think of any disadvantages of
working from home?
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USEFUL EXPRESSION
Breadwinner = provider: trụ cột gia đình
Homemaker: người xây tổ ấm
Ambitious (adj) tham vọng
(to) Retire (v) => retirement (n)
Part-time job >< full-time job
(to) Get on well with
Workaholic (adj) nghiện việc
(to) Meet qualifications: đáp ứng đc yêu cầu
(be) responsible for = take responsibility : chịu trách nhiệm
Sense of responsibility: tinh thần trách nhiệm
Workforce: lực lượng lao động
(to) apply for a job: Ứng tuyển công việc
(to) get / have a job
(to) work in [field / place]: làm việc trong lĩnh vực
(to) work for [a company] làm việc cho công ty
(to) specialise in [field] chuyên môn trong lĩnh vực
(to) get / have an interview: phỏng vấn
(tobe) promoted: được thăng tiến
(tobe) fired / sacked / dismissed: bị đuổi việc
(to) get a pension / to be a pensioner: nhận trợ cấp lương hưu
(to) work from home (home-working)
(tobe) self-employed / to work for yourself

TOPIC VI: LIFE SKILLS
1. What is life skills?
The term ‘Life Skills’ refers to the skills you need to make the most out of life.
Life skills are usually associated with managing and living a better quality of life. They help us to accomplish
our ambitions and live to our full potential.
Any skill that is useful in your life can be considered a life skill. Tying your shoe laces, swimming, driving a
car and using a computer are, for most people, useful life skills.
2. Do you think teenagers should learn how to cook or do house work?
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3. In your opinion, what do you need to get on well with other people?
English Eloquence Contest (2017 – 2018)

Instructor: Nguyen Thi Thai Hoa


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4. Do you think teens should be in romantic relationship? If you were in relationship with a boy, would you share
this with your parents?
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5. Do you think you are beautiful/ pretty? If you have a chance to change a part of your body, what will it be?
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6. Do you think you are a good daughter/ student? If you have a chance to change one of your personalities, what
will it be?
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7. How can you deal/ face/ handle the study pressure?
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TOPIC VII: RESPONSIBILITY
I. Useful language:
- responsible for (adj) = (to) take responsibility for : chiu trach nhiem voi………….
- sense of responsibility (n) tinh than trach nhiem
= sense of duty (n) y thuc trach nhiem
- duty (n) nhiem vu, trach nhiem
=> (to) do one’s duty: lam nhiem vu
- (to) fulfil: thuc hien, hoan thanh
=> (to) fulfil a duty: hoan tat nhiem vu
- irresponsible (adj) vo trach nhiem => irresponsibility (n)
- reliable (adj) dang tin
- mature (adj) truong thanh
- determined (adj) kien dinh
- target (n) = aim (n): muc tieu
=> (to) set a target: đặt muc tieu
- (to) miss one’s aim/ target : không đạt mục tiêu
>< (to) attain one’s aim/ target : đạt được mục tiêu
- on purpose (pre.) có mục đích. Ex: He did it on purpose : anh ta làm điều đó có mục đích
II. PRACTICE
1. What responsibilities do students have?
- To family?
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English Eloquence Contest (2017 – 2018)

Instructor: Nguyen Thi Thai Hoa


- To their community?
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- To the environment?
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- To themselves?
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2. At what age do you think someone becomes responsible for his/ her actions?
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3. Who has more responsibility for the environment, the government or individuals?
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4. Do you consider yourself to be a responsible person? Why? In what ways?
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5. Do you consider it important for you to be responsible? Why?
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6. It’s been said that “There are no rights without responsibility, and there is no responsibility without rights.” What
does that mean? Do you agree?
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7. What does it mean when someone is described as a “responsible” person?
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8. How can you manage your time for study and for entertainment?
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TOPIC VIII: FASHION
I. Useful language:
- fashionable (adj) thời trang
- elegant (adj) thanh lịch, tao nhã
English Eloquence Contest (2017 – 2018)

Instructor: Nguyen Thi Thai Hoa


- old-fashioned look : trông lỗi thời
- outdated = out of fashion (adj) lỗi thời
- trend (n) xu hướng
- standard (n) tiêu chuẩn
- style (n) phong cách
- (to) break rules and norms of society: không đúng với chuẩn mực xã hội
- expensive brand name clothes: quần áo hàng hiệu mắc tiền
- financial burden: gánh nặng tài chính
- chic (n, adj) thanh lịch, sang trọng
- flashy (adj) sặc sỡ, lòe loẹt
- accessory (n) phụ kiện
- skinny (adj) bó sát
- tight (adj) chật
- sparkling clothes: trang phục lòe loẹt
- high heels: giầy cao gót
- casual clothes: quần áo giản dị (jeans, t-shirt)
- short mini-skirt: váy ngắn
- (to) dress up: mặc đẹp
- (to) make up: trang điểm = (to) wear make-up
- (to) catch s.o’s attention : gây chú ý
- (to) catch s.o’s eyes: bắt mắt
II. Practice:
1. Do you often buy clothes or your parents buy them for you? Which is better? Why?
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2. Would you prefer to go shopping at stores or shop online? Why?
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3. Do you think people feel different when they wear different clothes?
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4. What do you think about dyed hair?
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5. What kind of clothes do you usually wear?
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6. Do you think cultures put their effects on fashion?
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7. Would you like to become a fashion model?
English Eloquence Contest (2017 – 2018)

Instructor: Nguyen Thi Thai Hoa


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8. What would you think of a high school student who always wore very conservative clothes?
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9. Do you think students should wear Ao dai at school?
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10. Do you think students should wear uniforms or casual clothes at school?
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11. What would you do/ say if your parents want you to wear something you don’t like?
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English Eloquence Contest (2017 – 2018)

Instructor: Nguyen Thi Thai Hoa



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