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Day 1 - Verb Tense (simple & continuous)

CHAPTER 1: VERB TENSES

Legend
action that takes place once, never or several times
moment in time

actions that happen one after another
actions that suddenly take place
action that started before a certain moment and lasts beyond that moment

period of time

actions taking place at the same time
action taking place before a certain moment in time

Result

puts emphasis on the result
action taking place before a certain moment in time

Course / Duration puts emphasis on the course or duration of the action


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I. Simple Present
1. Form:
I/ You/ We/ They + [VERB]
He/ She / It + [VERB]s/es
Example:

You speak English.

Do you speak English?
You do not speak English.

2. Complete List of Present Form Usage:
USE 1: Repeated Actions

Use the Simple Present to express the idea that an action is repeated or usual. The action can be a habit, a hobby,
a daily event, a scheduled event or something that often happens. It can also be something a person often
forgets or usually does not do.
Examples:

- I play tennis.
She does not play tennis.

Does he play tennis?
- The train leaves every morning at 8 AM.
The train does not leave at 9 AM.
When does the train usually leave?
- She always forgets her purse.
She never forgets her wallet.
- Every twelve months, the Earth circles the Sun.

Does the Sun circle the Earth?

USE 2: Facts or Generalizations


The Simple Present can also indicate the speaker believe that the fact was true before, is true now, and will be
true in the future. It is important if the speaker is correct about the fact. It is also used to make generalizations
about people or things.

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Examples:
- Cats like milk.
Birds do not like milk.

Do pigs like milk?
- California is in America.
California is not in the United Kingdom.
- Windows are made of glass.
Windows are not made of wood
- New York is a small city. IT IS NOT IMPORTANT THAT THIS FACT IS UNTRUE.

USE 3: Scheduled Events in the Near Future

Speakers occasionally use Simple Present to talk about scheduled events in the near future. This is most
commonly done when talking about public transportation, but it can be used with other schduled events as well.
Examples:

- The train leaves tonight at 6 PM.
- The bus does not arrive at 11 AM. It arrives at 11 PM.
- When do we board the plane?
- The party starts at 8 o’clock.
- When does class begin tomorrow?

USE 4: Now (Non-Continuous Verbs)

Speakers sometimes use the Simple Present to express the idea that an action is happening or is not happening
now. This can only be done with Non-Continuous Verbs and certain Mixed Verbs.
Examples:

- I am here now.
She is not here now.
- He needs help right now.
He does not need help right now.
- He has his passport in his hand.

Do you have your passport with you?

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Notes: ADVERB PLACEMENT
The examples below show the placement for grammar adverbs such as always, only, never, ever, still, just, etc.
Examples:

- You only speak English.
Do you only speak English?
- I never go to school on Sunday.
- I sometimes go shopping on weekends.
- Susan goes swimming every Friday.

Exercise 1: Choose the correct form.
1. We sometimes (read) ________books.
2. Emily (go) __________ to the disco.
3. It often (rain) _________ on Sundays.
4. Pete and his sister (wash) _________ the family car.
5. I always (hurry) __________ to the bus stop.
6. I (like) ________ lemonade very much.
7. The girls always (listen) ________ to pop music.
8. Janet never (wear) _________ jeans.
9. Mr.Smith (teach) _________ Spanish and French.
10. You (do) ________ your homework after school.

Exercise 2: Rewrite in Negative form.
1. My father makes breakfast.
 _____________________________________________
2. They are eleven.
 ______________________________________________
3. She writes a letter.
 _______________________________________________
4. I speak Italian.
 _______________________________________________
5. Danny phones his father on Sundays.
 ________________________________________________
6. We have a nice garden.
 ________________________________________________
7. She is sixteen years old.
 ________________________________________________
8. Simon has two rabbits and five goldfish.
 _______________________________________________
9. I am from Vienna, Austria.
 _______________________________________________
10. They are Sandy's parents.
 _______________________________________________

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Exercise 3: Make Questions.
1. you / speak / English
 _________________________________________________
2. when / he / go / home
 ________________________________________________
3. they / clean / the bathroom
 _______________________________________________
4. where / she / ride / her bike
 ________________________________________________
5. Billy / work / in the supermarket
 _______________________________________________
6. you / drink / mineral water?
 _______________________________________________
7. Sarah and Linda / feed / their pets?
 _______________________________________
8. How often / your teacher / check / your homework?
 ________________________________________
9. Nina / play / computer games?
 _________________________________________
10. your parents / allow / you / to watch TV / in the afternoon?
 ______________________________________________

Exercise 4: Find the signal word for Simple Present.
1.
2.
3.
4.

a) now
b) last Monday
c) often
a) sometimes b) at the moment
c) yesterday
a) last Friday b) every Friday
c) next Friday
a) now
b) already
c) usually
5. a) Listen?
b) first… then…
c) seldom
6. Ron plays basketball ___________
a) at the moment
b) every Saturday
c) yesterday
7. __________ I go to work by bus.
a) This week
b) Next month
c) Sometimes
8. We speak English __________.
a) just now
b) very often
c) last Friday
9. I write a poem __________.
a) since Monday
b) tomorrow
c) every day
10. _________ our neighbour leaves the house at 8 o'clock.
a) Normally
b) Look!
c) Right now

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II. Present Continuous
1. Form:
am/is/are + [present participle]
Examples:

You are watching TV.
Are you watching TV?
You are not watching TV.

Simple Present
Exceptions when adding 's' :
* For can, may, might, must, do not add s.
Example: he can, she may, it must
* After o, ch, sh or s, add es.
Example: do - he does, wash - she washes
* After a consonant, the final consonant y
becomes ie. (but: not after a vowel)
Example: worry - he worries
but: play - he plays

Present Continuous
Exceptions when adding 'ing' :
* Silent e is dropped. (but: does not apply for ee)
Example: come - coming
but: agree – agreeing
* After a short, stressed vowel, the final
consonant is doubled.
Example: sit – sitting
* After a vowel, the final consonant l is doubled
in British English (but not in American English).
Example: travel - travelling (British English)
but: traveling (American English)
* Final ie becomes y.
Example: lie - lying

2. Complete List of Present Continuous Usage:
USE 1: Now

Use the Present Continuous with Normal Verbs to express the idea that something is happening now, at
this very moment. It can also be used to show that something is not happening now.
Examples:

- You are learning English now.
You are not swimming now.
Are you sleeping?
- I am sitting.
I am not standing.
Is he sitting or standing?
- They are reading their books.
They are not watching television.

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- What are you doing?
Why aren't you doing your homework?
USE 2: Longer Actions in Progress Now

In English, "now" can mean: this second, today, this month, this year, this century, and so on.
Sometimes, we use the Present Continuous to say that we are in the process of doing a longer action
which is in progress; however, we might not be doing it at this exact second.
Examples: (All of these sentences can be said while eating dinner in a restaurant.)
- I am studying to become a doctor.
I am not studying to become a dentist.
- I am reading the book Tom Sawyer.
I am not reading any books right now.
- Are you working on any special projects at work?
Aren't you teaching at the university now?
USE 3: Near Future

Sometimes, speakers use the Present Continuous to indicate that something will or will not happen in
the near future.
Examples:

- I am meeting some friends after work.
I am not going to the party tonight.
- Is he visiting his parents next weekend?
Isn't he coming with us tonight?

USE 4: Repetition and Irritation with "Always"

The Present Continuous with words such as "always" or "constantly" expresses the idea that something
irritating or shocking often happens. Notice that the meaning is like Simple Present, but with
negative emotion. Remember to put the words "always" or "constantly" between "be" and "verb+ing."
Examples:

- She is always coming to class late.
He is constantly talking. I wish he would shut up.
I don't like them because they are always complaining.

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Notes: REMEMBER Non-Continuous Verbs/ Mixed Verbs
It is important to remember that Non-Continuous Verbs cannot be used in any continuous tenses. Also,
certain non-continuous meanings for Mixed Verbs cannot be used in continuous tenses. Instead of
using Present Continuous with these verbs, you must use Simple Present.
Examples:

- She is loving this chocolate ice cream. (not correct)
- She loves this chocolate ice cream. (correct)

Notes: ADVERB PLACEMENT
The examples below show the placement for grammar adverbs such as: always, only, never, ever, still,
just, etc.
Examples:

- You are still watching TV.
Are you still watching TV?

Exercise 5:Put the verbs into the correct tense (simple present or present progressive).
1. Look! He (leave)_________ the house.
2. Quiet please! I (do)________ a test.
3. She usually (walk) __________ to school.
4. But look! Today she (go) ________ by bike.
5. Every Sunday we (go) _________ to see my grandparents.
6. He often (go) _________ to the cinema.
7. We (play)_________ Monopoly at the moment.
8. The child seldom (cry) _________.
9. I (not / do) _________ anything at the moment.
10. (watch / he) _________ the news regularly?

Exercise 6:Negative sentences: Complete the sentences. Use Simple Present or Present
Progressive.
1. You (see / not) _________ her every day.
2. The baby (sleep / not) __________ at the moment.
3. I (read / not) __________ a book now.
4. We (go / not) __________ to school on Sundays.
5. He (watch / not) __________the news every day.
6. He (not / spend) _________ his holidays in Spain each year.
7. I (not / meet) __________ Francis tonight.
8. They (not / fly) __________to London tomorrow.
9. We (not / work) _________ this week.
10. The film (not / begin) ________ at 7 o'clock.

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Exercise 7: Question: Complete the sentences. Use Simple Present or Present
Progressive.
1. (you / go) ____________ on holiday by plane sometimes?
2. (they / play) ____________ computer games every day?
3. (she / eat) ______________ dinner at the moment?
4. What (they / do) _____________ right now?
5. (she / visit) ____________ her grandma very often?
6. (leave / you) _____________ the party now?
7. (have / you) ______________ any brothers or sisters?
8. (love / she) ______________ him?
9. Who (cook) ________________ dinner tonight?
10. (send / he) _______________ you an e-mail every day?
Exercise 8: Complete the story. Use Simple Present and Present Progressive.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

Today (be) __________ Betty's birthday.
Betty (love) ___________birthdays.
She (be) __________ always very excited and (wake up) __________ very early.
At six o'clock in the morning, Betty (hear) __________ a noise.
She (get up) ___________ and (go) __________ into the sitting room.
What (go on) ____________ ?
Look! Betty's cat Carlos (sit) __________ on the table and he (play) _________ with Betty's
present.

III. Simple Past
1. Form:
S + [verb+ed]
S + [irregular verb]
Examples:

- You called Debbie.
Did you call Debbie?
You did not call Debbie.

2. Complete List of Simple Past
Usage:
USE 1: Completed Action in the Past

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Use the Simple Past to express the idea that an action started and finished at a
specific time in the past. Sometimes, the speaker may not actually mention the specific time, but they
do have one specific time in mind.
Examples:

- I saw a movie yesterday.
I didn't see a play yesterday.
- Last year, I traveled to Japan.
Last year, I didn't travel to Korea.
- Did you have dinner last night?
- She washed her car.
He didn't wash his car.

USE 2: A Series of Completed Actions

We use the Simple Past to list a series of completed actions in the past. These actions happen 1st, 2nd,
3rd, 4th, and so on.
Examples:

- I finished work, walked to the beach, and found a nice place to swim.
He arrived from the airport at 8:00, checked into the hotel at 9:00, and met the others at
10:00.
Did you add flour, pour in the milk, and then add the eggs?

USE 3: Duration in Past

The Simple Past can be used with a duration which starts and stops in the past. A duration is a longer
action often indicated by expressions such as: for two years, for five minutes, all day, all year, etc.
Examples:

- I lived in Brazil for two years.
- Shauna studied Japanese for five years.
- They sat at the beach all day.
They did not stay at the party the entire time.
- We talked on the phone for thirty minutes.
- A: How long did you wait for them?
B: We waited for one hour.

USE 4: Habits in the Past

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The Simple Past can also be used to describe a habit which stopped in the past.
It can have the same meaning as "used to." To make it clear that we are talking about a habit, we often
add expressions such as: always, often, usually, never, when I was a child, when I was younger, etc.
Examples:

- I studied French when I was a child.
He played the violin.
He didn't play the piano.
- Did you play a musical instrument when you were a kid?
- She worked at the movie theater after school.
- They never went to school, they always skipped class.

USE 5: Past Facts or Generalizations

The Simple Past can also be used to describe past facts or generalizations which are no longer true.
As in USE 4 above, this use of the Simple Past is quite similar to the expression "used to."
Examples:

- She was shy as a child, but now she is very outgoing.
- He didn't like tomatoes before.
- Did you live in Texas when you were a kid?
- People paid much more to make cell phone calls in the past.

IMPORTANT: When-Clauses Happen First
Clauses are groups of words which have meaning but are often not complete sentences. Some clauses
begin with the word "when" such as "when I dropped my pen..." or "when class began..." These clauses
are called when-clauses, and they are very important. The examples below contain when-clauses.
Examples:

- When I paid her one dollar, she answered my question.
- She answered my question when I paid her one dollar.
When-clauses are important because they always happen first when both clauses are in the Simple Past.
Both of the examples above mean the same thing: first, I paid her one dollar, and then, she answered my
question. It is not important whether "when I paid her one dollar" is at the beginning of the sentence or
at the end of the sentence. However, the example below has a different meaning. First, she answered my
question, and then, I paid her one dollar.
Example:

- I paid her one dollar when she answered my question.

Notes: ADVERB PLACEMENT
The examples below show the placement for grammar adverbs such as: always, only, never, ever, still,
just, etc.
Examples:

- You just called Debbie.
- Did you just call Debbie?

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Exercise 9: Make the past simple - positive, negative or question
1) I (work) ___________ in a bank for ten years.
2) Where (you/live) ____________ when you were young?
3) She (not/study) _____________ French at university.
4) He (travel) ___________ through the middle east last year.
5) (They/visit) ______________ the Louvre in Paris?
6) She (not/watch) _____________ TV yesterday.
7) We (buy) _____________ a new car last weekend.
8) Where (you/teach) _____________ before you came here?
9) He (not/think) _____________ that he was right.
10) I (cook) _____________ steak last night.
11) (Lucy/read) ______________ 'War and Peace' at school?
12) She (not/write) _____________ to her grandmother.
13) We (have) ______________ a computer when I was a child.
14) Where (you/go) _____________ on holiday?
15) I (love) ______________ ice cream when I was a child.
16) They (not/meet) _____________ yesterday.
17) (she/swim) ______________ in the sea in Greece?
18) We (not/play) _____________ tennis yesterday because it was raining.
19) He (try) _____________ to lift the box but he couldn't.
20) What (you/eat) _____________ for lunch?

IV. Past Continuous
1. Form
S + [was/were + V-ing]

Examples:

- You were studying when she called.
Were you studying when she called?
You were not studying when she called.

2. Complete List of Past Continuous Usage:
USE 1: Interrupted Action in the Past

Use the Past Continuous to indicate that a longer action in the past was interrupted. The interruption is
usually a shorter action in the Simple Past. Remember this can be a real interruption or just an
interruption in time.

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Examples:
- I was watching TV when she called.
- When the phone rang, she was writing a letter.
- While we were having the picnic, it started to rain.
- What were you doing when the earthquake started?
- I was listening to my iPod, so I didn't hear the fire alarm.
- You were not listening to me when I told you to turn the oven off.
- While John was sleeping last night, someone stole his car.
- Sammy was waiting for us when we got off the plane.
- While I was writing the email, the computer suddenly went off.
- A: What were you doing when you broke your leg?
B: I was snowboarding.

USE 2: Specific Time as an Interruption

In USE 1, described above, the Past Continuous is interrupted by a shorter action in the Simple Past.
However, you can also use a specific time as an interruption.
Examples:

- Last night at 6 PM, I was eating dinner.
- At midnight, we were still driving through the desert.
- Yesterday at this time, I was sitting at my desk at work.

IMPORTANT:
In the Simple Past, a specific time is used to show when an action began or finished. In the Past
Continuous, a specific time only interrupts the action.
Example:
- Last night at 6 PM I ate dinner. I STARTED EATING AT 6 PM.
- Last night at 6 PM I was eating dinner. I STARTED EARLIER; AND AT 6 PM, I WAS
IN THE PROCESS OF EATING DINNER.

USE 3: Parallel Actions

When you use the Past Continuous with two actions in the same sentence, it expresses the idea that both
actions were happening at the same time. The actions are parallel.
Examples:

- I was studying while he was making dinner.
- While Ellen was reading, Tim was watching television.
- Were you listening while he was talking?

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- I wasn't paying attention while I was writing the letter, so I made several
mistakes.
- What were you doing while you were waiting?
- Thomas wasn't working, and I wasn't working either.
- They were eating dinner, discussing their plans, and having a good time.

USE 4: Atmosphere
In English, we often use a series of parallel actions to describe the atmosphere at a particular time in the
past.
Example:

-When I walked into the office, several people were busily typing, some were talking
on the phones, the boss was yelling directions, and customers were waiting to be helped.
One customer was yelling at a secretary and waving his hands. Others were
complaining to each other about the bad service.

USE 5: Repetition and Irritation with "Always"

The Past Continuous with words such as "always" or "constantly" expresses the idea that something
irritating or shocking often happened in the past. The concept is very similar to the expression "used to"
but with negative emotion. Remember to put the words "always" or "constantly" between "be" and
"verb+ing."
Examples:

- She was always coming to class late.
- He was constantly talking. He annoyed everyone.
- I didn't like them because they were always complaining.

While vs. When
Clauses are groups of words which have meaning, but are often not complete sentences. Some clauses
begin with the word "when" such as "when she called" or "when it bit me." Other clauses begin with
"while" such as "while she was sleeping" and "while he was surfing." When you talk about things in the
past, "when" is most often followed by the verb tense Simple Past, whereas "while" is usually followed
by Past Continuous. "While" expresses the idea of "during that time." Study the examples below. They
have similar meanings, but they emphasize different parts of the sentence.
Examples:

- I was studying when she called.
- While I was studying, she called.

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REMEMBER Non-Continuous Verbs / Mixed Verbs
It is important to remember that Non-Continuous Verbs cannot be used in any continuous tenses. Also,
certain non-continuous meanings for Mixed Verbs cannot be used in continuous tenses. Instead of using
Past Continuous with these verbs, you must use Simple Past.
Examples:

- Jane was being at my house when you arrived. (not correct)
- Jane was at my house when you arrived. (correct)

Notes: ADVERB PLACEMENT
The examples below show the placement for grammar adverbs such as: always, only, never, ever, still,
just, etc.
Examples:
- You were just studying when she called.
Were you just studying when she called?

Exercise 10: Put the verbs into the Past Simple or Continuous.
1. I (read) _______________ a book when he came in.
2. The sun (shine)_____________________ when he went out.
3. When you came in I (write) ________________________ .
4. I came in while he (write) _________________________.
5. It (rain) ____________________ this morning when I got up.
6. He (work) all day yesterday.
7. When I arrived at his house he still (sleep)______________________.
8. The boy jumped off the tram while it (move)_______________________.
9. The fire still (burn) _______________________ at six o’clock this morning.
10. He (walk) ___________________ across the bridge when his hat blew off.

Exercise 11: Put the verbs into the correct form, Past Continuous or Past Simple:
1. I (see) _________________ Sue in town yesterday but she (not/see) _________________ me.
She (look) _____________________ the other way.
2. I (meet) _______________________ Tom and Ann at the airport a few weeks ago. We (have)
___________________ a chat while we (wait) _____________ for our flights.
3. I (cycle) _____________________ home yesterday when suddenly a man (step)
________________________ out into the road in front of me. I (go) __________ quite fast but
luckily I (manage) ________________________ to stop in time and (not/hit)
_____________________ him.
4. I lit the fire at 6:00 and it (burn) ___________________ brightly when Tom came in at 7:00.
5. I (make) ___________________ a cake when the light went out. I had to finish it in the dark.

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V. Simple Future
Simple Future has two different forms in English: "will" and "be going to." Although the two forms can
sometimes be used interchangeably, they often express two very different meanings. These different
meanings might seem too abstract at first, but with time and practice, the differences will become clear.
Both "will" and "be going to" refer to a specific time in the future.

1. Form:

a. WILL
S + [will + verb]

Examples:

- You will help him later.
Will you help him later?
You will not help him later.
b. Be Going To
S + [am/is/are + going to + verb]

Examples:

- You are going to meet Jane tonight.
Are you going to meet Jane tonight?
You are not going to meet Jane tonight.

2. Complete List of Future Usage:
1.

Will and Be Going To:
Sth is planed or sth we think is likely to happen in the future (be going to for informal context)
Ex : Where will you stay in Berlin?
Use Will, to make a prediction based on our opinion/ experience
Ex : Should I ask Mary? No she won’t want to be disturbed.
Use be going to to make a prediction based on some present evidence
Ex : The sky has gone really dark. There’s going to have a storm.
Use will to predict future with : I expect, I hope, I imagine, I reckon, I think, I wonder and I’m
sure (be going to in informal context)
Ex : I imagine the stadium will be full of the match on Saturday.
Use will to make a decision at the moment of speaking
Ex : Apples are on special offer this week, I’ll buy some.
Use be going to for decision about the future has already made
Ex : When I’ve saved up enough money, I’m going to buy a new computer.
Use Will and Be going to with a little bit difference in meaning in the main clause of an IF
sentence when something is conditional on something else
Ex : If we go on like this, we’ll/ are going to lose all our money.
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Use Be going to (not will) when the future event does not depend on the IF
– Clause.
Ex : I’m going to open a bottle of lemonade, if you want some. (Do you want some ?)
Use Will when the main clause prefer to offers, requests, promises, etc. and ability
Ex : If Jack phones, I’ll let you know.

Exercise 12: Complete the text using the verbs given. Choose will or going to with each verb,
depending on which is more appropriate.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.

15.

2.

A: I can't come over during the day.
B: I__________you tomorrow evening, then. (see)
The method is quite simple, and I'm sure it __________familiar to most of you already. (be)
Have you seen Karen recently? She______________another baby, (have)
A: Did you get the theatre tickets?
B: No, I forgot all about them. I___________them tomorrow, (book)
Wherever you go in Brazil, you ____________the people very friendly, (find)
John says he_____________ a politician when he grows up - and he's only 5 years old! (be)
Are these new skis yours? ____________you_____________skiing? (take up)
It's getting very humid – we____________a thunderstorm, (have)
A: We've got small, medium and large. What size do you want?
B: I____________a large one, please, (have)
A: Shall I give Ian another ring?
B: Yes, I expect he __________home by now. (be)
A: What are all those bricks for?
B: I___________a wall at the side of the garden, (build)
I hear you___________your car. How much do you want for it? (sell)
You can't play football in the garden. I___________the grass, (cut)
A: What's the matter with Paula?
B: She says she ___________. (be sick)
A: She___________ better with some fresh air. (feel)
A: I've been offered a new job in Manchester, so I___________Cameo. (leave)
B: When______________your boss? (tell)
A: I'm not sure. Perhaps I______________to see him later today, try)
Present simple and present continuous for future:
Use present simple for events that are fixed, unchangeable in timetabled or programmed
arrangement/ routine
Ex: The sun rises at 5.16 tomorrow.
Not use present simple for less formal/ less routine arrangement, use will, be going to, present
continuous
Ex: Are you just staying to watch TV tonight or are you coming dancing?
Use present simple in
Time clause with conjunctions: after, as soon as, before, by the time, when, while, until
Ex: I should be finished by the time you get back.
In conditional clause with If, unless, provided, in case

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Ex: I’ll bring some sandwiches in case we don’t find any
where decent to eat.
Talk about possible future with: suppose, supposing, what if
Ex: What if the train’s late? Where shall I meet you then?
Use present continuous/ be going to to talk about planed future event to show that we have a firm
intention
Ex: Are you seeing the doctor again next week?
Not use present continuous when
we make/ report predictions about events or activities that we cannot arrange
Ex: I think it’s going to rain soon
we talk about permanent future situations
Ex: People will/ are going to live longer in the future.
Avoid use be going to + go/come, use present continuous form of go/come instead
Exercise 13: Use the present simple of one of these verbs to complete the sentences if possible. If
not, use will
accept

change

get

give out

go

lend

miss

play

rain

read

start

stop

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.

look after
want

We ___________our exam results on the 20th August.
Jack___________our cats while we're away next week
I think I'll take an umbrella in case it___________
There is a reading list to accompany my lecture, which I___________at the end.
The new drug___________on sale in the USA next year.
The concert___________at 7.30, not 7.15 as it says in the programme.
Provided it__________raining, we'll go for a walk this afternoon.
What if I.__________my plans and decide to stay in Taiwan longer? Will I need to renew my visa?
We___________Sue when she leaves, but she says she'll keep in touch.
Unless my parents_________me some money, I won't be able to go on holiday thisyear.
Tonight France_________ Germany in a match important for both teams.
It is unlikely that the government___________the court's decision.
Supposing I___________to transfer a file from one computer to another? How do Ido that?
By the time you_________this letter, I should be in New Zealand.

VI. Future Continuous:
1. Form
S + will + be V-ing
Examples:

-You will be waiting for her when her plane arrives tonight.
Will you be waiting for her when her plane arrives tonight?
You will not be waiting for her when her plane arrives tonight.

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2. Usage :
Sth is predicted to start before a particular point of future time and that’s may continue aftter this
point. It is the result of a previous decision/ arrangement
Ex : This time next year this part of the garden will be beautiful.
A future activity that is a part of a normal course of events or that is one of a repeated, regular series
of events
Ex : Dr. Jone will be giving the same talk in room 103 at 10.00 next Monday.
Arranged activities / events in the future
Ex : We will be leaving for Istanbul at 7.00 in the evening.
Use to indicate that a future activity is pre – arranged. Using WILL can indicate willingness,
intention, invitation, etc
Ex : Ann will be helping us to organize the party.
When don’t want to indicate the willingness, intention, invitation, etc. We prefer to use future
continuous
Ex : ( If guests have stayed longer than you wanted and you don’t know when they are leaving) – Will
you be staying with us again to night ?
Exercise 14: Using the words in parentheses, complete the text below with Simple Present or
Future Continuous
1.

Sandra: Where is Tim going to meet us?
Marcus: He (wait) _____________ for us when our train arrives. I am sure he (stand)
_________________ on the platform when we pull into the station.
Sandra: And then what?
Marcus: We (pick) _______________ Michele up at work and go out to dinner.

2.

Ted: When we get to the party, Jerry (watch) ______________ TV, Sam (make) _______________
drinks, Beth (dance) _________________ by herself, and Thad (complain) _________________
about his day at work.
Robin: Maybe, this time they won't be doing the same things.
Ted: I am absolutely positive they (do) _________________ the same things; they always do the
same things.
Florence: Oh, look at that mountain of dirty dishes! Who (wash) ________________ all of those?
Jack: I promise I (do) _________________ them when I get home from work.
Florence: Thanks.
Jack: When you get home this evening, that mountain will be gone and nice stacks of sparkling
clean dishes (sit) _______________ in the cabinets.

3.

4.

Doug: If you need to contact me next week, I (stay) _________________ at the Hoffman Hotel.
Nancy: I (call) __________________ you if there are any problems.

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Doug: This is the first time I have ever been away from the kids.
Nancy: Don't worry, they (be) _______________ be fine.
5.

Samantha: Just think, next week at this time, I (lie) _______________ on a tropical beach in Maui
drinking Mai Tais and eating pineapple.
Darren: While you are luxuriating on the beach, I (stress) ________________ out over this
marketing project. How are you going to enjoy yourself knowing that I am working so hard?
Samantha: I 'll manage somehow.
Darren: You're terrible. Can't you take me with you?
Samantha: No. But I (send) _________________ you a postcard of a beautiful, white sand beach.
Darren: Great, that (make) __________________ me feel much better.

Edited and Complied by EQuest Academy

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