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925 photoshop CS3 all in one desk reference for dummies (NXPowerLite copy)

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Photoshop CS3
®

ALL-IN-ONE DESK REFERENCE

FOR

DUMmIES




by Barbara Obermeier

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Photoshop CS3
®

ALL-IN-ONE DESK REFERENCE

FOR

DUMmIES



by Barbara Obermeier

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Photoshop® CS3 All-in-One Desk Reference For Dummies®
Published by
Wiley Publishing, Inc.
111 River Street
Hoboken, NJ 07030-5774
www.wiley.com
Copyright © 2007 by Wiley Publishing, Inc., Indianapolis, Indiana
Published by Wiley Publishing, Inc., Indianapolis, Indiana
Published simultaneously in Canada
No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or
by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, scanning or otherwise, except as permitted under Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act, without either the prior written
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Trademarks: Wiley, the Wiley Publishing logo, For Dummies, the Dummies Man logo, A Reference for the
Rest of Us!, The Dummies Way, Dummies Daily, The Fun and Easy Way, Dummies.com, and related trade
dress are trademarks or registered trademarks of John Wiley & Sons, Inc. and/or its affiliates in the United
States and other countries, and may not be used without written permission. Photoshop is a registered
trademark of Adobe Systems Incorporated in the United States and/or other countries. All other trademarks
are the property of their respective owners. Wiley Publishing, Inc., is not associated with any product or
vendor mentioned in this book.
LIMIT OF LIABILITY/DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTY: THE PUBLISHER AND THE AUTHOR MAKE NO REPRESENTATIONS
OR WARRANTIES WITH RESPECT TO THE ACCURACY OR COMPLETENESS OF THE CONTENTS OF THIS WORK AND
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WORK MAY HAVE CHANGED OR DISAPPEARED BETWEEN WHEN THIS WORK WAS WRITTEN AND WHEN IT IS READ.

For general information on our other products and services, please contact our Customer Care
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For technical support, please visit www.wiley.com/techsupport.
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Manufactured in the United States of America
10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1

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About the Author
Barbara Obermeier is principal of Obermeier Design, a graphic design studio
in Ventura, California. She’s the author or co-author of over a dozen publications, including Photoshop Elements 5 For Dummies, How-to-Wow with
Illustrator, and Powerpoint 2007 Just the Steps For Dummies. Barb also teaches
Visual Communication at Brooks Institute and the University of California,
Santa Barbara.

Dedication
I would like to dedicate this book to Gary, Kylie, and Lucky, who constantly
remind me of what’s really important in life.

Author’s Acknowledgments
I would like to thank my excellent project editor, Blair Pottenger, who kept me
and this book on track; Bob Woerner, the world’s best Acquisitions Editor;
Andy Cummings, who gives Dummies a good name; David Busch, for his great
contribution to the first edition; David Herman, Technical Editor Extraordinaire;
and all the hard-working, dedicated production folks at Wiley. A special thanks
to Ted Padova, colleague, fellow author, and friend, who always reminds me
there is eventually an end to all those chapters.

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Publisher’s Acknowledgments
We’re proud of this book; please send us your comments through our online registration form
located at www.dummies.com/register/.
Some of the people who helped bring this book to market include the following:
Acquisitions, Editorial, and
Media Development

Composition Services
Project Coordinator: Lynsey Osborn

Project Editor: Blair J. Pottenger
Senior Copy Editor: Barry Childs-Helton

Layout and Graphics: Denny Hager,
Joyce Haughey, Melanee Prendergast,
Heather Ryan

Technical Editor: David Herman

Proofreaders: Cynthia Fields, Arielle Mennelle

Editorial Manager: Kevin Kirschner

Indexer: Estalita Slivoskey

Media Development Specialists: Angela Denny,
Kate Jenkins, Steven Kudirka, Kit Malone

Anniversary Logo Design: Richard Pacifico

Acquisitions Editor: Bob Woerner

Media Development Coordinator:
Laura Atkinson
Media Project Supervisor: Laura Moss
Media Development Manager: Laura VanWinkle
Editorial Assistant: Amanda Foxworth
Sr. Editorial Assistant: Cherie Case
Cartoons: Rich Tennant
(www.the5thwave.com)

Publishing and Editorial for Technology Dummies
Richard Swadley, Vice President and Executive Group Publisher
Andy Cummings, Vice President and Publisher
Mary Bednarek, Executive Acquisitions Director
Mary C. Corder, Editorial Director
Publishing for Consumer Dummies
Diane Graves Steele, Vice President and Publisher
Joyce Pepple, Acquisitions Director
Composition Services
Gerry Fahey, Vice President of Production Services
Debbie Stailey, Director of Composition Services

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Table of Contents
Introduction ..................................................................1
About This Book...............................................................................................1
What’s in This Book .........................................................................................2
Book I: Photoshop Fundamentals ........................................................2
Book II: Image Essentials .......................................................................3
Book III: Selections .................................................................................3
Book IV: Painting, Drawing, and Typing ..............................................3
Book V: Working with Layers ................................................................3
Book VI: Channels and Masks ...............................................................4
Book VII: Filters and Distortions ..........................................................4
Book VIII: Retouching and Restoration................................................4
Book IX: Photoshop and Print ..............................................................4
About the Web Site.................................................................................5
Conventions Used in This Book .....................................................................5
Icons Used in This Book..................................................................................6

Book I: Photoshop Fundamentals ....................................7
Chapter 1: Examining the Photoshop Environment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9
Launching Photoshop and Customizing the Desktop .................................9
Setting display settings with the Window menu ..............................11
Setting up the status bar .....................................................................12
Playing with Palettes .....................................................................................15
Working with Your First Photoshop File .....................................................18
Opening, printing, and saving files.....................................................18
Making selections.................................................................................19
Making simple image edits ..................................................................20
Adjusting size, color, and contrast.....................................................20
Creating layers ......................................................................................20
Applying filters .....................................................................................22
Simplifying your edits with the Options bar.....................................24
Viewing and navigating the image......................................................25

Chapter 2: Getting to Know the Tools Palette . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27
Turning On the Tools Palette........................................................................27
Selecting tools.......................................................................................27
Getting to know your tools..................................................................29
Introducing the Photoshop Tools ................................................................30
Using selection tools............................................................................30
Creating and modifying paths.............................................................30
Using painting tools .............................................................................31

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Using tools for cloning and healing....................................................32
Creating effects with typographical tools .........................................33
Using focus and toning tools ..............................................................33
Creating shapes ....................................................................................34
Viewing, navigating, sampling, and annotating tools ......................34
Using tools for the Web .......................................................................35
Saving Time with Tool Presets .....................................................................35
Creating custom tool presets..............................................................35
Managing your presets ........................................................................37

Chapter 3: Starting, Finishing, and Getting It on Paper . . . . . . . . . . . .39
Browsing for Files...........................................................................................39
Opening an Image...........................................................................................40
Opening special files ............................................................................42
Opening as a Smart Object ...........................................................................44
Placing Files ....................................................................................................44
Creating a New Image ....................................................................................45
Saving a File ....................................................................................................48
Closing and Quitting ......................................................................................50
Getting It on Paper .........................................................................................51
Taking a look at printers......................................................................51
Printing an image..................................................................................52
Setting printing options.......................................................................53

Chapter 4: Viewing and Navigating Images . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .59
Looking at the Image Window ......................................................................59
Zooming In and Out of Image Windows ......................................................62
Zooming with keyboard shortcuts.....................................................62
Using the Zoom tool.............................................................................62
Other ways to zoom .............................................................................64
Handling the Hand tool........................................................................65
Cruising with the Navigator Palette.............................................................66
Choosing a Screen Mode ...............................................................................67
Getting Precise Layout Results.....................................................................69
Creating guides .....................................................................................69
Using guides ..........................................................................................70
Using grids.............................................................................................71
Measuring On-Screen.....................................................................................72
Using the Info Palette.....................................................................................75
Working with Extras.......................................................................................76
Managing Images with Adobe Bridge ..........................................................77
Brief anatomy of Bridge.......................................................................78
Configuring the Bridge window ..........................................................81
Using the menu bar and buttons........................................................81
Using keywords.....................................................................................89

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Chapter 5: Customizing Your Workspace and Preferences . . . . . . . . .91
Creating Workspace Presets .........................................................................91
Saving and Deleting Workspace Presets .....................................................93
Customizing Keyboard Shortcuts ................................................................93
Customizing Menus........................................................................................95
Setting Your Preferences ...............................................................................97
Setting general preferences.................................................................98
Interface ...........................................................................................101
Deciding how you want files handled ..............................................102
Performance ....................................................................................105
Adjusting your cursors ......................................................................107
Adjusting transparency and gamut..................................................108
Setting measurement preferences....................................................110
Setting up guides, grids, and slices..................................................111
Adding Plug-Ins ...................................................................................113
Specifying Type Options....................................................................114
Using the Preset Manager ...........................................................................115

Book II: Image Essentials...........................................117
Chapter 1: Specifying Size and Resolution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .119
Putting Images under the Microscope ......................................................120
Vector images......................................................................................120
Raster images......................................................................................121
Viewing Raster Images On-Screen..............................................................122
Using the Image Size Command .................................................................123
Resampling Images ......................................................................................125
Adding pixels to an image .................................................................127
Taking pixels out of an image............................................................128
Changing the Canvas Size ...........................................................................129
Cropping an Image .......................................................................................131
Using the Crop tool ............................................................................131
Cropping with the Marquee tool ......................................................133
Using the Trim command ..................................................................133
Using the Crop and Straighten Photo Command ...........................134

Chapter 2: Choosing Color Modes and File Formats . . . . . . . . . . . . . .137
Selecting a Color Mode................................................................................137
RGB Color ............................................................................................138
CMYK Color.........................................................................................139
Grayscale .............................................................................................140
Monotone, Duotone, Tritone, and Quadtone..................................140
Indexed Color......................................................................................141

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Lab Color .............................................................................................142
Bitmap..................................................................................................143
Multichannel .......................................................................................144
Converting to a Different Color Mode .......................................................144
Converting from RGB to CMYK.........................................................145
Converting to grayscale.....................................................................145
Using the Conditional Mode Change command .............................147
Choosing the Right File Format ..................................................................148
TIFF.......................................................................................................148
JPEG .....................................................................................................151
JPEG 2000 ............................................................................................151
GIF.........................................................................................................152
EPS........................................................................................................152
PDF: The universal donor..................................................................154
Photoshop ...........................................................................................157
Photoshop Raw...................................................................................157
Camera Raw ........................................................................................158
PICT ......................................................................................................160
BMP ......................................................................................................161
Large Document Format (PSB) .........................................................161

Chapter 3: Using and Managing Color . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .163
Dealing with Foreground and Background Colors ...................................163
Defining Color ...............................................................................................164
Poking around Color Picker ..............................................................165
Mixing with the Color palette ...........................................................166
Grabbing color from the Swatches palette .....................................168
Lifting and sampling color ................................................................170
Using the Color Sampler tool to measure color .............................171
Color Management Essentials ....................................................................172
Setting up your work environment ..................................................174
Calibrating your monitor...................................................................175
Establishing Your Settings ..........................................................................177
Handling Photoshop’s predefined settings .....................................178
Indicating your working spaces........................................................180
Working with your newly defined settings......................................183
Setting color-management policies..................................................184
Getting Consistent Color among Adobe Applications.............................188
Proofing Colors in the Final Output (Soft Proofing) ................................189

Chapter 4: Time Travel — Undoing in Photoshop . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .191
Undoing What’s Done with the Undo Command......................................191
Reverting to What’s Saved ..........................................................................192
Working with the Almighty History Palette ..............................................192
Understanding states and snapshots ..............................................192
Introducing History palette options and tools ...............................193

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Viewing an Image’s Various States .............................................................194
Going back to a particular state .......................................................194
Reviewing your image at different states ........................................195
Removing and Clearing all states .....................................................195
Navigating the history list .................................................................195
Looking at the History Options Dialog Box ..............................................195
Taking Snapshots .........................................................................................196
Restoring Part of an Image..........................................................................198
Using the Eraser with the Erase to History option ........................199
Using the History Brush tool ............................................................199
Using the Fill to History feature........................................................200
Using the Art History Brush tool......................................................201

Chapter 5: Creating Actions for Productivity and Fun . . . . . . . . . . . . .203
Using the Actions Palette ............................................................................203
Introducing Preset Actions .........................................................................205
Loading preset actions ......................................................................205
Playing a preset action ......................................................................206
Creating a New Action .................................................................................207
Editing and Managing Actions ....................................................................209
Re-recording an action.......................................................................209
Editing an action.................................................................................210
Creating Sets and Saving Actions...............................................................210
Batch Processing Actions ...........................................................................211
Creating Droplets .........................................................................................214

Book III: Selections ...................................................217
Chapter 1: Making Selections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .219
Defining Selections.......................................................................................219
Marqueeing When You Can.........................................................................220
Using the Rectangular Marquee tool ...............................................220
Using the Elliptical Marquee tool .....................................................221
Using the Single Column and Single Row Marquee tools ..............222
Using the Marquee options ...............................................................223
Lassoing When You Can’t............................................................................227
Selecting straight sides with the Polygonal Lasso tool .................229
Attracting with the Magnetic Lasso tool .........................................230
Adjusting the Magnetic Lasso options ............................................231
Performing Wand Wizardry.........................................................................233
Selecting with the Magic Wand tool .................................................233
Setting your tolerance .......................................................................234
Using the Magic Wand Options bar..................................................235
Saving Time with the Quick Selection Tool ..............................................236

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Chapter 2: Creating and Working with Paths . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .239
Introducing Paths.........................................................................................239
Creating a Path with the Pen Tool..............................................................241
Knowing your Pen tool options ........................................................241
Creating your first work path ...........................................................241
Drawing curves...................................................................................244
Connecting a straight segment to a curve segment ......................246
Connecting curve segments with cusp points ...............................247
Closing a path .....................................................................................248
Creating subpaths ..............................................................................249
Working with the Paths Palette ..................................................................250
Creating a path....................................................................................250
Creating a new path ...........................................................................250
Saving a work path .............................................................................251
Deleting, duplicating, and renaming a path ....................................251
Stroking a path....................................................................................251
Filling a path........................................................................................252
Loading Paths as Selections .......................................................................253
Turning a Selection into a Path ..................................................................254
Using the Kinder Freeform Pen ..................................................................255
Curve Fit ..............................................................................................256
Magnetic ..............................................................................................256
Width, Contrast, Frequency, and Pen Pressure ..............................257
Creating Paths without the Pen..................................................................257
Editing Paths.................................................................................................259
Using the Options Bar .................................................................................262

Chapter 3: Modifying and Transforming Selections and Paths . . . . .263
Achieving Selection Perfection...................................................................263
Adding to a selection .........................................................................264
Subtracting from a selection .............................................................265
Intersecting two selections ...............................................................266
Getting the Keys to Behave.........................................................................266
Adding a perfectly square or circular selection .............................267
Deleting from an existing selection while
drawing from the center out .........................................................267
Using the Select Menu .................................................................................268
Selecting all or nothing ......................................................................268
Reselecting a selection ......................................................................268
Swapping a selection .........................................................................269
Feathering a selection........................................................................269
Using the other Modify commands..................................................271
Applying the Grow and Similar commands.....................................273

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Moving and Cloning Selections ..................................................................273
Cloning .................................................................................................274
Moving the selection outline, but not the pixels............................275
Transforming Pixels .....................................................................................275
Transforming Selection Marquees .............................................................278
Transforming Paths .....................................................................................279
All paths...............................................................................................280
Single path...........................................................................................280
Part of a path ......................................................................................280

Book IV: Painting, Drawing, and Typing .....................285
Chapter 1: Painting and Drawing with Photoshop . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .287
Introducing the Pencil and Brush Tools....................................................287
Finding out what the Pencil tool does .............................................288
Using the Pencil tool ..........................................................................289
Painting with the Brush tool .............................................................290
Working with the Brushes palette ....................................................291
Choosing a brush-tip shape ..............................................................292
Using the preset brushes ..................................................................295
Viewing preset brushes .....................................................................297
Drawing with Vector Shapes .......................................................................301
Drawing a preset shape .....................................................................302
Drawing multiple shapes in a shapes layer.....................................305
Setting geometry options ..................................................................306
Creating your own custom shape ....................................................308
Using vector masks ............................................................................309
Manipulating shapes ..........................................................................310

Chapter 2: Filling and Stroking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .311
Filling a Selection with a Solid Color .........................................................311
Filling Options and Tips ..............................................................................312
Pouring with the Paint Bucket Tool ...........................................................314
Stroking a Selection .....................................................................................314
Working with Gradients...............................................................................316
Applying a preset gradient to a selection .......................................317
Customizing and editing gradients ..................................................318
Adding transparency to a gradient ..................................................322
Managing and Saving Gradients .................................................................323
Working with Patterns .................................................................................324
Applying a preset pattern..................................................................324
Creating a new pattern ......................................................................325
Using the Pattern Maker filter...........................................................326

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Chapter 3: Creating and Editing Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .329
Selecting a Type Mode.................................................................................329
Understanding Different Kinds of Type.....................................................330
Exploring the Type Tools ............................................................................331
Entering Text in Point Type Mode .............................................................332
Entering Text in Paragraph Type Mode.....................................................333
Creating Type on or in a Path .....................................................................335
Using the Options Bar .................................................................................336
Working with the Character Palette...........................................................338
Leading ................................................................................................338
Tracking ...............................................................................................338
Kerning.................................................................................................339
Vertical and Horizontal Scale............................................................340
Baseline shift and text attributes .....................................................340
Working with the Paragraph Palette..........................................................342
Changing paragraph alignment ........................................................342
Changing paragraph justification .....................................................343
Changing paragraph indentation......................................................343
Changing spacing between paragraphs...........................................343
Breaking long words across two lines .............................................343
Editing Text ...................................................................................................344
Finding and replacing text.................................................................344
Checking your spelling ......................................................................345
Masking, Shaping, and Warping Type........................................................346
Playing with type layer opacity ........................................................346
Creating fade effects ..........................................................................348
Creating type outlines........................................................................351
Rasterizing your type layer ...............................................................352
Transforming type into vector shapes and paths..........................353
Wreaking havoc on your type ...........................................................354

Book V: Working with Layers .....................................359
Chapter 1: Creating Layers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .361
Getting to Know the Layers Palette ...........................................................362
Looking at the Background and Layers.....................................................364
Introducing Different Types of Layers.......................................................366
Using plain vanilla layers...................................................................366
Using adjustment layers ....................................................................367
Taking advantage of fill layers ..........................................................370
Making use of shape layers ...............................................................372
Using type layers ................................................................................373
Making Layers...............................................................................................373
Creating a new layer...........................................................................373
Using Layer via Copy and Layer via Cut..........................................374
Duplicating layers...............................................................................374

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Compositing with Multiple Images ............................................................375
Copying and pasting images .............................................................376
Dragging and dropping layers...........................................................376
Using the Paste Into command.........................................................377
Transforming Layers....................................................................................379
Auto-Align Layers .........................................................................................380
Auto-Blend Layers........................................................................................382

Chapter 2: Managing Layers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .389
Rearranging Layers ......................................................................................390
Moving Layer Elements ...............................................................................391
Aligning and Distributing Layers................................................................395
Linking Layers ..............................................................................................396
Locking Layers..............................................................................................398
Color-Coding Layers ....................................................................................399
Creating Layer Groups.................................................................................400
Flattening and Merging Layers ...................................................................401
Merging layers ....................................................................................402
Stamping layers ..................................................................................403
Flattening layers .................................................................................403
Working with the Layer Comps Palette .....................................................405

Chapter 3: Playing with Opacity and Blend Modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . .409
Adjusting Layer Opacity..............................................................................409
Adjusting the Fill Opacity............................................................................411
Creating Effects with Blend Modes ............................................................411
General blend modes .........................................................................412
Blend modes that darken ..................................................................413
Blend modes that lighten ..................................................................414
Lighting blend modes ........................................................................415
Blend modes that invert....................................................................417
HSL color model blend modes..........................................................418
Working with the Advanced Blending Options ........................................419
Advanced options to blend with ......................................................420
Blend If options...................................................................................422

Chapter 4: Getting Jazzy with Layer Styles and Clipping Groups . . .425
Layer Styles Basics ......................................................................................425
Introducing the Many Layer Styles ............................................................426
Applying a Layer Effect................................................................................428
Managing and Editing Layer Styles ............................................................429
Managing layer styles ........................................................................430
Editing drop shadow or inner shadow effects................................431
Changing default inner and outer glow effects...............................432

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Editing Bevel and Emboss Effects..............................................................433
Structure..............................................................................................433
Shading ................................................................................................434
Texture.................................................................................................434
Contour................................................................................................435
Editing Satin Effects .....................................................................................435
Changing Overlay Effects ............................................................................435
Changing Stroke Effects...............................................................................436
Playing with Contours .................................................................................436
Adjusting contour settings................................................................438
Modifying contours with the Contour Editor .................................439
Applying and Modifying Preset Styles.......................................................439
Managing preset styles ......................................................................441
Saving your own style........................................................................442
Clipping Layers into Masks.........................................................................444

Chapter 5: Working with Smart Objects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .449
Introducing Smart Objects..........................................................................449
Creating Smart Objects ...............................................................................450
Placing artwork...................................................................................450
Copying and pasting ..........................................................................452
Converting a layer into a Smart Object and vice versa.................453
Creating one Smart Object from another ........................................453
Editing Smart Objects..................................................................................455
Replacing contents.............................................................................455
Exporting contents.............................................................................456

Book VI: Channels and Masks ....................................457
Chapter 1: Using Channels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .459
Understanding Channels .............................................................................460
Working with Channels................................................................................462
Viewing channels without a remote.................................................462
Changing the default channel view ..................................................462
Duplicating and deleting channels...................................................463
Rearranging and renaming channels ...............................................465
Splitting channels ...............................................................................465
Merging channels ...............................................................................466
Using Painting and Editing Tools with Channels......................................467
Introducing Alpha Channels .......................................................................469
Saving a selection as an alpha channel ...........................................470
Loading an alpha channel .................................................................471
Using the Channel Mixer .............................................................................471

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Chapter 2: Quick and Dirty Masking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .477
Working with Quick Masks..........................................................................478
Using the Color Range Command ..............................................................480
Color Range basics.............................................................................480
Executing the Color Range command..............................................481
Selective Erasing with the Eraser Tools ....................................................483
The Eraser tool ...................................................................................483
The Magic Eraser tool........................................................................484
The Background Eraser tool .............................................................485
Extracting an Image .....................................................................................487

Chapter 3: Getting Exact with Advanced Masking Techniques . . . .493
Working with Layer Masks ..........................................................................493
Creating layer masks..........................................................................494
Using the Gradient and Brush tools on a layer mask ....................494
Managing layer masks........................................................................496
Creating and Editing Vector Masks ............................................................499
Adding a vector mask to a layer.......................................................500
Managing vector masks .....................................................................501
Creating Channel Masks ..............................................................................501

Book VII: Filters and Distortions .................................509
Chapter 1: Making Corrections with Daily Filters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .511
You Say You Want a Convolution?..............................................................511
Corrective and destructive filters ....................................................512
Filter basics .........................................................................................512
Introducing Smart Filters...................................................................513
Sharpening What’s Soft ...............................................................................517
Sharpen................................................................................................517
Sharpen More......................................................................................518
Sharpen Edges ....................................................................................518
Smart Sharpen ....................................................................................518
Unsharp Mask .....................................................................................520
Blurring What’s Sharp .................................................................................521
Smoothing with the Facet and Median Filters ..........................................523
The Facet filter....................................................................................524
The Median filter ................................................................................524
Applying a Filter Again ................................................................................527
Fading a Filter ...............................................................................................527
Selectively Applying a Filter .......................................................................528

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Chapter 2: Applying Filters for Special Occasions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .531
Working in the Filter Gallery.......................................................................532
Getting Artsy.................................................................................................534
Stroking Your Image with Filters ................................................................535
Distorting for Fun .........................................................................................538
Pumping Up the Noise .................................................................................541
Pumping Down the Noise ............................................................................542
Breaking Your Image into Pieces................................................................543
Rendering ......................................................................................................544
Using the Clouds filter .......................................................................544
Creating fibers.....................................................................................545
Using other rendering filters.............................................................545
Getting Organic with the Sketch Filters ....................................................548
Adding Texture .............................................................................................552
Looking at the Other Filters........................................................................554

Chapter 3: Distorting with the Liquify Command . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .555
Exploring the Liquify Window ....................................................................555
The painting tools ..............................................................................556
The other tools ...................................................................................558
The Options Areas .......................................................................................558
Transforming an Image................................................................................561
Mastering Freezing and Thawing ...............................................................564
Reconstructing an Image.............................................................................565
Extending and Cloning Distortions ............................................................565
Reconstruct modes ............................................................................566
More Reconstruct modes ..................................................................567
Using Displace, Amplitwist, and Affine............................................567

Book VIII: Retouching and Restoration .......................569
Chapter 1: Enhancing Images with Adjustments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .571
Introducing the Histogram Palette.............................................................571
Choosing Automatic Color Correctors......................................................575
Auto Levels..........................................................................................576
Auto Color ...........................................................................................576
Auto Contrast......................................................................................576
Setting Auto Color Correction Options .....................................................577
Using Simple Color Correctors...................................................................579
Applying Brightness/Contrast ..........................................................579
Tweaking with the Color Balance controls .....................................580
Fixing Lighting with Shadow/Highlight......................................................582
Adjusting Exposure......................................................................................584
Correcting Colorcast with Variations ........................................................586
Washing Out Color with Desaturate ..........................................................590

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Working with Professional Color Correctors............................................590
Leveling for better contrast ..............................................................590
Setting black and white points manually ........................................592
Adjusting curves for hard-to-correct photos..................................593
Converting to Black & White.............................................................598
Getting colorful with Hue/Saturation...............................................599
Using the Colorize option..................................................................600
Matching Color Between Documents ........................................................603
Switching Colors with Replace Color ........................................................606
Increasing and Decreasing Color ...............................................................608
Using the Selective Color command ................................................608
Using gradient maps ..........................................................................609
Adding color with photo filters ........................................................610
Playing with the color mappers .......................................................611

Chapter 2: Repairing with the Focus and Toning Tools . . . . . . . . . . .615
Lightening and Darkening with Dodge and Burn Tools...........................615
Turning Down the Color with the Sponge Tool ........................................617
Smoothing with the Smudge Tool ..............................................................619
Softening with the Blur Tool .......................................................................620
Cranking Up the Focus with the Sharpen Tool.........................................621

Chapter 3: Fixing Flaws and Removing What’s Not Wanted . . . . . . .625
Cloning with the Clone Stamp Tool ...........................................................626
Using the Clone Stamp tool...............................................................626
Tips for excellent cloning results .....................................................630
Digital Bandaging with the Healing Brush Tool........................................631
Patching without Seams ..............................................................................633
Zeroing In with the Spot Healing Brush ....................................................636
Colorizing with the Color Replacement Tool............................................637
Getting Rid of Dreaded Red Eye .................................................................639
Working with Vanishing Point.....................................................................640

Book IX: Photoshop and Print .....................................647
Chapter 1: Prepping Graphics for Print . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .649
Getting the Right Resolution, Mode, and Format.....................................649
Resolution and modes .......................................................................649
Screen frequencies .............................................................................650
File formats..........................................................................................650
Working with a Service Bureau ..................................................................651
Getting the ball rolling .......................................................................652
Using a prepress checklist ................................................................653
Saving and Printing Vector Data in a Raster File......................................654
Choosing Color Management Print Options.............................................655

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Getting Four-Color Separations..................................................................657
Getting laser separations ..................................................................658
Creating Spot Color Separations ................................................................661
Creating a spot channel .....................................................................662
Editing a spot channel .......................................................................664

Chapter 2: Creating Contact Sheets, Picture Packages, and More . . .665
Cataloging with Contact Sheets..................................................................665
Using Contact Sheet II........................................................................666
Pretty as a Picture Package.........................................................................669
Using the Photomerge Command ..............................................................672
Using the Merge to HDR command............................................................675
Creating PDF Presentations ........................................................................679

Bonus Chapters ..............................................On the Web
Bonus Chapter 1: Prepping Web Graphics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .BC1
Understanding Basic Web Optimization ..................................................BC2
Choosing a resolution .......................................................................BC2
Picking a resolution (and sticking with it) .....................................BC3
Selecting a color mode .....................................................................BC3
Understanding file formats...............................................................BC4
Choosing the Right File Format .................................................................BC4
GIF pros and cons..............................................................................BC4
JPEG pros and cons...........................................................................BC6
JPEG 2000 pros and cons..................................................................BC8
Saving a file as JPEG 2000 .................................................................BC9
PNG pros and cons ..........................................................................BC11
Using a Web-Safe Palette and Hexadecimal Colors...............................BC13
Selecting individual Web-safe colors ............................................BC14
So what are hexadecimal colors? ..................................................BC14
Keeping Color Consistent in Web Images ..............................................BC15
Making Type Look Good On-Screen........................................................BC16
Anti-aliasing......................................................................................BC16
Fractional width/system layout.....................................................BC16
Faux styles........................................................................................BC17
Optimizing Images with Save for Web & Devices..................................BC17
Exploring the Save for Web & Devices dialog box.......................BC18
Optimizing your image....................................................................BC21

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Bonus Chapter 2: Slicing and Displaying Web Images . . . . . . . . . .BC31
Why Slice? ..................................................................................................BC31
Slicing Up Images ......................................................................................BC32
Types of slices .................................................................................BC33
Creating slices..................................................................................BC34
Slicing options .................................................................................BC34
Selecting and Modifying Slices ................................................................BC35
Showing/hiding slices and slice numbers ....................................BC36
Changing the color of the lines......................................................BC36
Selecting slices.................................................................................BC36
Resizing and moving slices ............................................................BC36
Dividing a slice.................................................................................BC38
Stacking slices..................................................................................BC38
Setting Slice Options.................................................................................BC39
Saving Your Slices .....................................................................................BC40
Creating a Web Photo Gallery..................................................................BC46
Planning Your Page ...................................................................................BC47
Cooking Up a Web Gallery........................................................................BC49

Bonus Chapter 3: Other Sources of Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .BC53
Applying Annotations and Notes ............................................................BC53
Creating a text annotation..............................................................BC54
Creating an audio note....................................................................BC55
Importing and exporting PDF files with annotations..................BC57
Working with Metadata.............................................................................BC58
File Properties..................................................................................BC58
IPTC Core..........................................................................................BC59
Camera Data (EXIF) .........................................................................BC59
GPS ....................................................................................................BC59
Camera Raw .....................................................................................BC59
Audio .................................................................................................BC60
Video .................................................................................................BC60
Edit History ......................................................................................BC60
Accessing Help When You Need It ..........................................................BC61

Index........................................................................683

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Introduction

T

here’s a reason why Photoshop is the world’s industry standard in
image-editing software. The depth and breadth of the program is unheralded. Photoshop immediately sucks you in with its easy-to-use interface
and powerful tools and commands. It is so feature rich that you soon begin
to lose track of time and start blowing off your commitments just to try one
more thing. And just when you think you’ve finally explored every nook and
cranny and mastered the program, you suddenly read a tip in a book or
magazine that enlightens you about something you didn’t know. Or even
more likely, you stumble upon some great effect while working on a latenight project. That’s the beauty of Photoshop. It’s the program that just
keeps giving.
The depth and breadth of Photoshop has downsides, too, of course. You
must make a major time commitment and invest much effort to master it —
hence the large number of books written on the program. Walk into your
neighborhood bookstore or type Photoshop in the Search field at any online
bookseller’s site, and you see a barrage of choices. Some books are general
reference books, some are targeted toward the novice user, and others
focus on a specific mission, such as color management or restoration and
retouching.

About This Book
This book is written for the person who has a good grasp of using a computer and navigating the operating system and at least a cursory knowledge
of Photoshop. It is intended to be a comprehensive reference book that you
can read cover to cover or reach for when you’re looking for specific information about a particular task.
Wherever I can, I sneak in a useful tip or an interesting technique to help
you put Photoshop to work for your project needs.
Sometimes, knowing how to use a tool doesn’t necessarily mean that you
know what to do with it. That’s why this book contains several Putting It
Together exercises that help you make a connection between the multiple
Photoshop tools at your disposal and the very specific task you need to
accomplish. Want to get the red out of a subject’s eyes or create a collage?
Just check out the Putting-It-Together sections in Books III through IX. These

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What’s in This Book

sections present info in easy-to-follow numbered steps, in a hands-on style,
building on what’s presented in the chapter so that you can go to the next
level, put concepts to work, and move on to the next task.
You can find images that appear within the Putting It Together sections on
this book’s companion Web site (www.dummies.com/go/photoshopcs3), so
you can follow along precisely with the steps.

What’s in This Book
This book is broken into minibooks, each covering a general topic. Each
minibook contains several chapters, each covering a more specific topic
under the general one. Each chapter is then divided into sections, and some
of those sections have subsections. I’m sure you get the picture.
You can read the book from front to back, or you can dive right into the
minibook or chapter of your choice. Either way works just fine. Anytime a
concept is mentioned that isn’t covered in depth in that chapter, you find a
cross-reference to another book and chapter where you find all the details.
If you’re looking for something specific, check out either the Table of
Contents or the Index.
The Cheat Sheet at the beginning of the book helps you remember all the
shortcuts you’ll use most often. Tear it out, tape it to your monitor, and
glance over it when you need to.
And finally, I have pictures. Lots of them. And this time they’re in full, living
color. Many of these pictures have callouts that point to specific steps or
identify important concepts, buttons, tools, or options. With a program like
Photoshop, an image often speaks louder than words.
This book contains nine minibooks. The following sections offer a quick
synopsis of what each book contains.
Photoshop has such an abundance of tools — and so many ways to use
those tools — I can’t possibly cover them all in this book. But if you’re looking for details on the less commonly used features or perhaps more information about using tools you’re already familiar with, you’ll find them on
this book’s companion Web site (www.dummies.com/go/photoshopcs3).

Book I: Photoshop Fundamentals
Ready to get your feet wet with the basics of Photoshop? Head to Book I.
Here’s where you get familiar with the Photoshop environment — the desktop, menus, and palettes. I also briefly introduce the key tools and explain
what each one does.

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