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Polymer data handbook 1999 mark

POLYMER DATA
HANDBOOK
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Copyright © 1999 by Oxford University Press, Inc.


User's Guide

EDITED BY JAMES E. MARK, UNIVERSITY OF CINCINNATI
PUBLISHED BY OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS
The online version of the Polymer Data Handbook includes key data on over two hundred polymers.
Please note that entries are presented as PDF files and can only be read using Adobe Acrobat Reader
Version 3. If you do not have the freeware reader, it can be downloaded from Adobe in the United
States or Adobe in the United Kingdom. Each entry opens with a citation of the contributor's name
and notations of acronyms and trade names, class of polymer, structure, and major applications.
These are followed by tabular displays showing the properties of each polymer. The maximum

consistency possible has been established for properties presented with regard to format, terminology,
notations, and units. However, not all properties are applicable to all polymers contained in the
handbook; some properties may not even be relevant for certain polymer classes. Also, some
polymers exhibit properties shown by few others (e.g., electroluminescence); these properties have
been noted as "Properties of Special Interest." Each entry closes with a list of references for the
reader interested in further investigation of a polymer.
View the editor's preface to the print edition (HTML format).
View the directory of contributors (PDF format).

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Preface

PREFACE TO THE PRINT EDITION
The Polymer Data Handbook offers, in a standardized and readily accessible tabular format, concise
information on the syntheses, structures, properties, and applications of the most important polymeric
materials. Those included are currently in industrial use or they are under study for potential new
applications in industry and in academic laboratories. Considerable thought was given to the criteria
for selecting the polymers included in this volume. The first criterion was current commercial
importance—the use of the polymer in commercial materials—for example, as a thermoplastic, a
thermoset, or an elastomer. The second criterion was novel applications—a polymer that is promising
for one or more purposes but not yet of commercial importance—for example, because of its
electrical conductivities, its nonlinear optical properties, or its suitability as a preceramic polymer.
The hope is that some readers will become interested enough in these newer materials to contribute to
their further development and characterization. Finally, the handbook includes some polymers simply
because they are unusually interesting—for example, those utilized in fundamental studies of the
effects of chain stiffness, self-assembly, or biochemical processes.
Based on these three criteria, more than two hundred polymers were chosen for inclusion in this
work. The properties presented for each polymer include some of great current interest, such as
surface and interfacial properties, pyrolyzability, electrical conductivity, nonlinear optical properties,
and electroluminescence. Not all the properties are available for all the polymers included, and some
properties may not even be relevant for certain polymer classes. Some polymers exhibit properties
shown by few others—such as electroluminescence—and those have been presented as "Properties of
Special Interest."
The handbook entries were written by authors carefully chosen for their recognized expertise in their
specific polymers. The authors were asked to be highly selective, to choose and document those
results that they considered to have the highest relevance and reliability. All the entries were then
reviewed carefully by one or more referees, to ensure the highest quality and significance. Care was
taken to achieve maximum consistency between entries, especially with regard to terminology,


notations, and units. The goal was to facilitate searches in the printed version of the handbook and
electronically on the online site.
Grateful acknowledgment is made here to the important contributions of the anonymous referees. It is
also my real pleasure to thank a number of people at Oxford University Press for their help:
specifically, Robert L. Rogers and Sean Pidgeon contributed greatly to the initiation and formulation
of the basic structure of the handbook, and Matthew Giarratano carried out its implementation. It is
appropriate here to thank my wife Helen for the kind of support, tangible and intangible, that makes
an intimidating project, like this one, doable and sometimes even a pleasant experience.
James E. Mark
University of Cincinnati
October 1998

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Browse/Search Contents

BROWSE/SEARCH CONTENTS
To find a material of interest, search this page using your browser's search/find option, or use the
alphabetical browser.
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Click on the material to view the full text of that entry in PDF format. To view the PDF files, you
must have Adobe Acrobat Reader Version 3 installed on your computer. If you do not have the
freeware reader, it can be downloaded from Adobe in the United States or Adobe in the United
Kingdom.
Acrylonitrile-butadiene elastomers
Alkyd resins
Amino resins
Amylopectin
Amylose
Bisphenol-A polysulfone
Carborane-containing polymers
Carboxylated ethylene copolymers, metal salts (ionomers)
Cellulose
Cellulose acetate
Cellulose butyrate
Cellulose nitrate
Chitin
Collagen
Elastic, plastic, and hydrogel-forming protein-based polymers
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Epoxy resins
Ethylcellulose
Ethylene-propylene-diene monomer elastomers
Ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer
Ethylene-vinyl alcohol copolymer
Fullerene-containing polymers
Gelatin
Glycogen
Hydridopolysilazane
Hydroxypropylcellulose
Kevlar
Kraton D1100 SBS
Kraton G1600 SEBS
Metallophthalocyanine polymers
Nylon 3
Nylon 4,6
Nylon 6
Nylon 6 copolymer
Nylon 6,6
Nylon 6,6 copolymer
Nylon 6,10

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Nylon 6,12
Nylon 11
Nylon 12
Nylon MXD6
Perfluorinated ionomers
Phenolic resins
Polyacetylene
Polyacrylamide
Poly(acrylic acid)
Poly(acrylonitrile)
Poly(L-alanine)
Poly(amide imide)
Poly(amidoamine) dendrimers
Polyaniline
Poly(aryloxy)thionylphosphazenes
Poly(p-benzamide)
Poly(benzimidazole)
Poly(benzobisoxazole)
Poly(benzobisthiazole)
Poly(gamma-benzyl-L-glutamate)
Poly(1,3-bis-p-carboxyphenoxypropane anhydride)

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Poly(bis maleimide)
1,2-Polybutadiene
cis-1,4-Polybutadiene
trans-1,4-Polybutadiene
Poly(butene-1)
Poly[(n-butylamino)thionylphosphazene]
Poly(butylene terephthalate)
Poly(n-butyl isocyanate)
Poly(epsilon-caprolactone)
Polycarbonate
Polychloral
Polychloroprene
Poly(p-chlorostyrene)
Poly(chlorotrifluoroethylene)
Poly(cyclohexyl methacrylate)
Poly(di-n-butylsiloxane)
Poly(diethylsiloxane)
Poly(di-n-hexylsiloxane)
Poly(di-n-hexylsilylene)
Poly(dimethylferrocenylethylene)
Poly(2,6-dimethyl-1,4-phenylene oxide)

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Poly(dimethylsiloxane)
Poly(dimethylsiloxanes), cyclic
Poly(dimethylsilylene)
Poly(dimethylsilylene-co-phenylmethylsilylene)
Poly(1,3-dioxepane)
Poly(1,3-dioxolane)
Poly(di-n-pentylsiloxane)
Poly(diphenylsiloxane)
Poly(di-n-propylsiloxane)
Poly(epichlorohydrin)
Poly(erucic acid dimer anhydride)
Polyesters, unsaturated
Poly(ether ether ketone)
Poly(ether imide)
Poly(ether ketone)
Poly(ether sulfone)
Poly(ethyl acrylate)
Polyethylene, elastomeric (very highly branched)
Poly(ethylene imine)
Polyethylene, linear high-density
Polyethylene, linear low-density

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Polyethylene, low-density
Polyethylene, metallocene linear low-density
Poly(ethylene-2,6-naphthalate)
Poly(ethylene oxide)
Poly(ethylene sulfide)
Poly(ethylene terephthalate)
Poly(ferrocenyldimethylsilane)
Polygermanes
Polyglycine
Poly(glycolic acid)
Poly(hexene-1)
Poly(n-hexyl isocyanate)
Poly(hydridosilsesquioxane)
Poly(4-hydroxy benzoic acid)
Poly(hydroxybutyrate)
Poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate)
Poly(isobutylene), butyl rubber, halobutyl rubber
cis-1,4-Polyisoprene
trans-1,4-Polyisoprene
Poly(N-isopropyl acrylamide)
Poly(lactic acid)

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Polymeric selenium
Polymeric sulfur
Poly(methacrylic acid)
Poly(methyl acrylate)
Poly(methylacrylonitrile)
Poly(N-methylcyclodisilazane)
Poly(methylene oxide)
Poly(methyl methacrylate)
Poly(4-methyl pentene-1)
Poly(methylphenylsiloxane)
Poly(methylphenylsilylene)
Poly(methylsilmethylene)
Poly(methylsilsesquioxane)
Poly(alpha-methylstyrene)
Poly(p-methylstyrene)
Poly(methyltrifluoropropylsiloxane)
Poly(norbornene)
Polyoctenamer
Polypentenamer
Poly(1,4-phenylene)
Poly(m-phenylene isophthalamide)

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Poly(p-phenylene oxide)
Poly(p-phenylene sulfide)
Poly(1,4-phenylene vinylene)
Poly(alpha-phenylethyl isocyanide)
Poly(phenylmethylsiloxanes), cyclic
Poly(phenylsilsesquioxane)
Poly(phenyl/tolylsiloxane)
Polyphosphates
Poly(phosphazene), bioerodible
Poly(phosphazene) elastomer
Poly(phosphazene), semicrystalline
Poly(phosphonate)
Polypropylene, atactic
Polypropylene, elastomeric (stereoblock)
Polypropylene, isotactic
Poly(propylene oxide)
Poly(propylene sulfide)
Polypropylene, syndiotactic
Poly(pyromellitimide-1,4-diphenyl ether)
Polypyrrole
Polyquinoline

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Poly(rotaxane), example 1
Poly(rotaxane), example 2
Poly(silphenylene-siloxanes)
Poly(silylenemethylene)
Polystyrene
Polystyrene, head-to-head
Poly(sulfur nitride)
Poly(tetrafluoroethylene)
Poly(tetrahydrofuran)
Polythiophene
Poly(1,3-trimethyleneimine) dendrimers
Poly(trimethylene oxide)
Poly[1-(trimethylsilyl)-1-propyne]
Polyurea
Polyurethane
Polyurethane elastomers
Polyurethane urea
Poly(vinyl acetate)
Poly(vinyl alcohol)
Poly(vinyl butyral)
Poly(N-vinyl carbazole)

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Poly(vinyl chloride)
Poly(vinyl chloride), head-to-head
Poly(vinylferrocene)
Poly(vinyl fluoride)
Poly(vinylidene chloride)
Poly(vinylidene fluoride)
Poly(vinyl methyl ether)
Poly(vinylmethylsiloxanes), cyclic
Poly(4-vinyl pyridine)
Poly(N-vinyl pyrrolidone)
Poly(p-xylylene)
Silicon (germanium) oxo hemiporphyrazine polymers
Silk protein
Starch
Styrene-acrylonitrile
Styrene-butadiene elastomers
Styrene-methylmethacrylate copolymer
Sulfo-ethylene-propylene-diene monomer ionomers
Syndiotactic polystyrene
Vinylidene fluoride–hexafluoropropylene elastomers

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Class

BROWSE BY POLYMER CLASS
To find a material of interest, search this page using your browser's search/find option, or select a
class of polymer. Then click on the material to view the full text of that entry in PDF format. To view
the PDF files, you must have Adobe Acrobat Reader Version 3 installed on your computer. If you do
not have the freeware reader, it can be downloaded from Adobe in the United States or Adobe in the
United Kingdom.
Acrylic polymers
Addition polyimides
Aliphatic polyamides
Aliphatic polyesters
Aromatic nylons
Aromatic polyamides
Cage structure polymers
Carbohydrate polymers
Chemical copolymers
Chiral aliphatic polyesters
Cofacial polymers
Composite matrix resins
Conjugated and other unsaturated polymers
Conjugated conducting polymers
Cyclic polymers
D -carborane siloxanes
n

Dendrimers
Dendritic polymers
Dendrons
Diene elastomers
Di-methyl silicones and siloxanes
Electrically conductive polymers
Engineering thermoplastics
Ethylene copolymers
Fluoroelastomers
Homopolymers
Inorganic and semi-inorganic polymers
N-substituted 1-nylons
Polyacetals
Polyamines
Polyanhydrides
Polyaromatics
Polycarbosilanes
Polyesters
Polyethers
Poly(ether sulfones)
Polyformals
Polyheterocyclics
Poly(alpha-hydroxy esters)
Polyimides
Poly(isocyanates)
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Class

Poly(isocyanides)
Polyketones
Polynitriles
Polyolefin copolymers
Poly(alpha-olefins)
Polypeptides and proteins
Polyphosphazenes
Polysaccharides
Polysilanes
Polysilazanes
Polysiloxanes
Polysulfides
Polyureas
Polyurethanes
Rigid-rod polymers
Saturated thermoplastic elastomers
Siloxane ladder polymers
Thermoplastics
Thermoset polymers
Thermoset resins
Unsaturated thermoplastic elastomers
Vinyl polymers
Vinylidene polymers

Acrylic polymers
Poly(acrylonitrile)
Poly(methyl methacrylate)

Addition polyimides
Poly(bis maleimide)

Aliphatic polyamides
Nylon 3
Nylon 4,6
Nylon 6
Nylon 6 copolymer
Nylon 6,6

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Class

Nylon 6,10
Nylon 6,12
Nylon 11
Nylon 12
Nylon MXD6

Aliphatic polyesters
Poly(epsilon-caprolactone)
Poly(hydroxybutyrate)

Aromatic nylons
Nylon 6,6 copolymer

Aromatic polyamides
Kevlar
Nylon 6,6 copolymer
Poly(p-benzamide)
Poly(m-phenylene isophthalamide)

Cage structure polymers
Carborane-containing polymers
Fullerene-containing polymers

Carbohydrate polymers

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Class

Amylopectin
Amylose
Cellulose
Cellulose acetate
Cellulose butyrate
Cellulose nitrate
Chitin
Ethylcellulose
Glycogen
Hydroxypropylcellulose
Starch

Chemical copolymers
Acrylonitrile-butadiene elastomers
Amino resins
Carboxylated ethylene copolymers, metal salts (ionomers)
Ethylene-propylene-diene monomer elastomers
Ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer
Ethylene-vinyl alcohol copolymer
Kraton D1100 SBS
Kraton G1600 SEBS
Perfluorinated ionomers

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Class

Phenolic resins
Polystyrene, head-to-head
Poly(vinyl chloride), head-to-head
Styrene-acrylonitrile
Styrene-butadiene elastomers
Styrene-methylmethacrylate copolymer
Sulfo-ethylene-propylene-diene monomer ionomers
Vinylidene fluoride–hexafluoropropylene elastomers

Chiral aliphatic polyesters
Poly(hydroxybutyrate)

Cofacial polymers
Metallophthalocyanine polymers
Silicon (germanium) oxo hemiporphyrazine polymers

Composite matrix resins
Poly(bis maleimide)

Conjugated and other unsaturated polymers
Polyacetylene
Polyaniline
Poly[1-(trimethylsilyl)-1-propyne]

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Class

Conjugated conducting polymers
Polypyrrole
Polythiophene

Cyclic polymers
Poly(dimethylsiloxanes), cyclic
Poly(phenylmethylsiloxanes), cyclic
Poly(rotaxane), example 1
Poly(rotaxane), example 2
Poly(vinylmethylsiloxanes), cyclic

D -carborane siloxanes
n

Carborane-containing polymers

Dendrimers
Poly(amidoamine) dendrimers
Poly(1,3-trimethyleneimine) dendrimers

Dendritic polymers
Poly(amidoamine) dendrimers
Poly(1,3-trimethyleneimine) dendrimers

Dendrons
Poly(amidoamine) dendrimers

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Class

Diene elastomers
1,2-Polybutadiene
cis-1,4-Polybutadiene
trans-1,4-Polybutadiene
Polychloroprene
cis-1,4-Polyisoprene
trans-1,4-Polyisoprene
Poly(norbornene)
Polyoctenamer
Polypentenamer

Di-methyl silicones and siloxanes
Poly(dimethylsiloxane)
Poly(dimethylsiloxanes), cyclic

Electrically conductive polymers
Polyaniline

Engineering thermoplastics
Poly(amide imide)
Poly(2,6-dimethyl-1,4-phenylene oxide)
Poly(ether imide)
Poly(methylene oxide)

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Class

Ethylene copolymers
Carboxylated ethylene copolymers, metal salts (ionomers)

Fluoroelastomers
Vinylidene fluoride–hexafluoropropylene elastomers

Homopolymers
Poly(N-vinyl carbazole)
Poly(4-vinyl pyridine)
Poly(N-vinyl pyrrolidone)

Inorganic and semi-inorganic polymers
Poly[(n-butylamino)thionylphosphazene]
Poly(dimethylferrocenylethylene)
Poly(ferrocenyldimethylsilane)
Polygermanes
Polymeric selenium
Polymeric sulfur
Polyphosphates
Poly(phosphonate)
Poly(sulfur nitride)
Poly(vinylferrocene)

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Class

N-substituted 1-nylons
Poly(n-butyl isocyanate)
Poly(n-hexyl isocyanate)

Polyacetals
Polychloral
Poly(1,3-dioxolane)
Poly(methylene oxide)

Polyamines
Poly(ethylene imine)

Polyanhydrides
Poly(1,3-bis-p-carboxyphenoxypropane anhydride)
Poly(erucic acid dimer anhydride)

Polyaromatics
Poly(1,4-phenylene)
Poly(1,4-phenylene vinylene)
Polyquinoline
Poly(p-xylylene)

Polycarbosilanes
Poly(methylsilmethylene)

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Class

Poly(silylenemethylene)

Polyesters
Poly(butylene terephthalate)
Poly(epsilon-caprolactone)
Polycarbonate
Polyesters, unsaturated
Poly(ethylene-2,6-naphthalate)
Poly(ethylene terephthalate)
Poly(glycolic acid)
Poly(4-hydroxy benzoic acid)
Poly(hydroxybutyrate)
Poly(lactic acid)

Polyethers
Poly(2,6-dimethyl-1,4-phenylene oxide)
Poly(epichlorohydrin)
Poly(ethylene oxide)
Poly(methylene oxide)
Poly(p-phenylene oxide)
Poly(propylene oxide)
Poly(tetrahydrofuran)
Poly(trimethylene oxide)
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Class

Poly(ether sulfones)
Bisphenol-A polysulfone
Poly(ether sulfone)

Polyformals
Poly(1,3-dioxepane)

Polyheterocyclics
Polypyrrole
Polyquinoline
Polythiophene

Poly(alpha-hydroxy esters)
Poly(glycolic acid)
Poly(lactic acid)

Polyimides
Poly(amide imide)
Poly(bis maleimide)
Poly(ether imide)
Poly(pyromellitimide-1,4-diphenyl ether)

Poly(isocyanates)

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Class

Poly(n-butyl isocyanate)
Poly(n-hexyl isocyanate)

Poly(isocyanides)
Poly(alpha-phenylethyl isocyanide)

Polyketones
Poly(ether ether ketone)
Poly(ether ketone)

Polynitriles
Poly(methylacrylonitrile)

Polyolefin copolymers
Ethylene-propylene-diene monomer elastomers
Polyethylene, linear low-density

Poly(alpha-olefins)
Poly(butene-1)
Polyethylene, elastomeric (very highly branched)
Polyethylene, linear high-density
Polyethylene, linear low-density
Polyethylene, low-density
Polyethylene, metallocene linear low-density

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