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De kiem tra tieng anh lop 10 unit 9

UNIT NINE – TEST 3 (Saturday, Jan 7th, 2017
I. Read the reading selection and then answer the questions below it.
Can dolphins talk? May be can’t talk with words, but they talk with sounds.
They show their feelings with sounds. Dolphins travel in a group. We call a
group of fish a “school”. They don’t study, but they travel together. Dolphins are
mammals, not fish, but they swim together in a school. Dolphins talk to the other
dolphins in the school. They give information. They tell when they are happy or
sad or afraid. They say “welcome” when a dolphin comes back to the school.
They talk when they play. They make a few sounds above water. They make
many sounds under water. People can’t hear these sounds because they are very
very high. Scientists make tapes of the sounds and study them.
Sometimes people can catch a dolphin for a large aquarium. People can watch
the dolphins in a show. Dolphins don’t like to be away from theừ school in an
aquarium. They are sad and lonely. There are many stories about dolphins. They
help people. Sometimes they save somebody’s life. Dolphin meat is good, but
people don’t like to kill them. They say that dolphins bring good luck. Many
people believe this.
1. Can dolphins talk with words?
2. How do dolphins show theừ feelings?
3. Are dolphins mammals or fish?
4. When do they say “welcome”?

5. Do they make more sounds above or under water?
II. Complete the following sentences, using the correct form of the verbs in
brackets.
1. If I see him I….(give) him a lift.
2. The table will collapse if you ….(stand) on it.
3. If I ….(know) his address I’d give it to you.
4. He ….(look) a lot better if he shaved more often.
5. If I had had a map I ….(be) all right.
6. If I were sent to prison you ….(visit) me?
7. I (offer) to help if I thought I’d be any use.
8. Unless you are more careful you ….(have) an accident.
9. If I had realized that the traffic lights were red I ….(stop).
10. The flight may be cancelled if the fog ….(get) thick.
III. Read each situation then fill in the right form of the verbs in brackets.
1. She will take care of the children for us next weekend because her business
trip was canceled. But, she (take, not) would not be taking care of the children for
us next weekend if her business trip (be, not) had not been canceled.
Thẩm Tâm Vy
PRACTICE TEST 3

2. Tom is not going to come to dinner tomorrow because you insulted him
yesterday. But, he ….(come) if you ….(insult) him.
3. Marie is unhappy because she gave up her career when she got married. But,
Marie ….(be) happy if she ….(give, not) up her career when she got married.
4. Dr. Mercer decided not to accept the research grant at Harvard because he is
going to take six months off to spend more time with his family. But, Dr. Mercer
….(accept) the research grant at Harvard if he ….(take, not) six months off to
spend more time with his family.
5. Professor Schmitz talked so much about the Maasai tribe because she is an
expert on African tribal groups. But, Professor Schmitz….(talk, not) so much
about the Maasai tribe if she ….(be, not) an expert on African tribal groups.
6. I am unemployed because I had a disagreement with my boss and I was fired.
But, I ….(be, not) unemployed if I….(have, not) a disagreement with my boss
and I ….(be, not) fired.
7. Nicole speaks Chinese fluently because she lived in China for ten years. But,
Nicole ….(speak, not) Chinese fluently if she ….(live, not) in China for ten years.
8. I will not help you study for your test because you have spent the last two
weeks partying and wasting time. But, I ….(help) you study for your test if
you….(spend, not) the last two weeks partying and wasting time.
9. Eleanor and Ben are not going skiing with us this year because Eleanor just


had a baby. But, Eleanor and Ben….(go) skiing with us this year if Eleanor ….
(have, not, just) a baby.
10. I am completely exhausted, so I will not go with you to the movies tonight.
But, if I ….(be, not) completely exhausted, I ….(go) with you to the movies
tonight.
11. She is not worried about the conference tomorrow because she is not giving a
speech. But, she….(be) worried about the conference tomorrow if she….(give) a
speech.
12. Frank is not going to the graduation ceremony because he broke his leg
snowboarding last week. But, Frank ….(go) to the graduation ceremony if he ….
(break) his leg snowboarding last week.
13. They are not releasing the prisoner next month because there was so much
public opposition to his parole. But, they ….(release) the prisoner next month if
there …..(be) so much opposition to his parole.
14. The hotels filled up months in advance because the festival is going to
include jazz artists from around the globe. But, the hotels ….(fill) up months in
advance if the festival…(include) jazz artists from around the globe.
15. We are not worried about the recent string of robberies in the neighborhood
because the police have started regularly patrolling the area. But, we….(be)

EXTRA COURSE 10 - 2017

UNIT 9


16. Do these exercises carefully or you’ll get bad marks.
- Unless ....................................................................
worried about the recent string of robberies in the neighborhood if the police….
(start, not) regularly patrolling the area.
16. Mr Tuan spent all his savings building his new house. Now he can’t afford a
new car. But, he…..(can / buy) a new car if he …..(not / spend) all his savings on
the new house.
IV. Rewite these sentences, using the suitable types of conditions.
1. We don’t visit you very often because you live so far away.
- If ..............................................................................
2. He doesn’t speak very clearly – that’s why people don’t understand him.
- If ..............................................................................
3. David is tired, so he can’t score any goal.
- If .............................................................................
4. That book is too expensive, so I’m not going to buy it.
- If .............................................................................
5. We don’t go out very often because we can’t afford it.
- If .............................................................................
6. It’s raining, so we can’t have lunch in the garden.
- If .............................................................................
7. I have to work tomorrow morning, so I can’t meet you.
- If .............................................................................
8. I wasn’t hungry, so I didn’t eat anything.
- If .............................................................................
9. The accident happened because the driver in front stopped so suddenly.
- If .............................................................................
10. I didn’t know that George had to get up early, so I didn’t wake him up.
- If ..............................................................................
11. The orphans were ill treated and half starved; therefore they were very
unhappy.
- If .............................................................................
12. I was able to buy a car only because Jim lent me the money.
- If .............................................................................
13. Margaret wasn’t injured in the crash because she was wearing a seat bell.
- If ............................................................................
14. You didn’t have any breakfast – that’s why you’re hungry now.
- If .................................................. .........................
15. I didn’t get a taxi because I haven’t got any money on me.
- If ............................................................................
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PRACTICE TEST 3

17. Write your paper more carefully or the teacher can’t read it.
- If ...........................................................................
18. Behave yourself or everyone will dislike you.
- Unless ....................................................................
19. I won’t help you if you don’t try your best.
- Unless .................................................. .................
20. We’ll come to the meeting if we aren’t busy.
- Unless .....................................................................
21. Unless we have time, we won’t attend the party.
- If .............................................................................
22. If she doesn’t come on time, we’ll go without her.
- Unless .....................................................................
V. Complete the following article by writing each missing word on your
answer sheet. Use only one word for each space. The exercise begins with an
example (0).
Blue Whales
Blue whales, the world's largest animals, have (0).....sighted again in British
waters for the first time in (1).....least twenty years. Indications that a population
of blue whales was inhabiting the waters west (2).....Scotland came for the first
time from the United States Navy, (3).....surveillance system picked up the songs
of a lot of different whales. American zoologists subsequently identified the blue
whale song among (4)..... . Now marine biologist, Carol Booker, (5).....actually
seen a blue whale there herself. She has no doubt about what she saw, because
they have distinctive fins which are very small for (6).....size. She says,
'Worldwide they were almost extinct and (7).....seemed they had completely
vanished from the North Atlantic, so you can imagine how I felt actually seeing
(8).....! However, it is certainly (9).....soon to say if it is an indication of a
population recovery.' She goes (10).....to say, 'What it does show (11).....the
importance of this area of the ocean for whales, and (12).....essential it is to
control pollution of the seas.'
Bigger than (13).....dinosaur known to man, blue whales are the largest animals
ever to (14).....lived on earth. A blue whale is more than six metres long at birth
and, (15).....fully grown, its heart is the same height as a tall man and weighs as
much as a horse.

EXTRA COURSE 10 - 2017

UNIT 9


KEY
0. been 1. at 2. of 3. whose 4. them /others /these 5. has 6. their 7. it 8. one 9. too
10. on 11. is 12. how 13. any 14. have 15. when / if
REAL CONDITIONALS IN THE PRESENT OR FUTURE
A conditional sentence expresses the idea that the action in the
main clause (the result clause) can only happen when a certain
condition (the clause that begins with if) is fulfilled. The if clause
states the condition, and the main clause states the result.
Real Condition Result or Main
Meaning
If Clause
Clause
If the weather
changes
I get a headache.
suddenly,
simple present
factual
simple present tense
tense
If it snows a lot
certainty/
they will call off
tonight,
prediction
school tomorrow.
simple present
for the
future tense
tense
future
If you have
advice/
you should visit the
time,
suggestion/
local museum.
simple present
warning for
modal + VERB
tense
the future
If it rains,
don’t open the
instructions
simple present windows.
for the
tense
imperative
future
Rule 1. Real conditions express situations that can happen in
the
present
or
future.
They are often used when stating facts, general knowledge,
habits,
predictions,
advice, or instructions.
Thẩm Tâm Vy
PRACTICE TEST 3

Rule 2. Real conditions in the present (factual) use the simple
present tense form of the verb in both the if clause and the
result.
Rule 3. Real conditions in the future (real possibility) use the
simple present tense form of the verb in the if clause + modal
or modal phrase
(should/can/could/may/might, will, be going to, have to) and the
base form of the verb or the imperative in the result clause.
Rule 4. Negative forms of the verb can be used in the
condition or result clause or both.
ZERO CONDITIONAL
Form
In zero conditional sentences, the tense in both parts of the sentence is the simple
present.
If clause (condition) Main clause (result)
If + simple present
simple present
If this thing happens that thing happens.
As in all conditional sentences, the order of the clauses is not fixed. You may have to
rearrange the pronouns and adjust punctuation when you change the order of the clauses,
but the meaning is identical. In zero conditional sentences, you can replace "if" with
"when", because both express general truths. The meaning will be unchanged.
e.g.
- If you heat ice, it melts.
- Ice melts if you heat it.
- When you heat ice, it melts.
- Ice melts when you heat it.
- If it rains, the grass gets wet.
- The grass gets wet if it rains.
- When it rains, the grass gets wet.
- The grass gets wet when it rains.
Function
The zero conditional is used to make statements about the real world, and often refers
to general truths, such as scientific facts. In these sentences, the time is now or always
and the situation is real and possible.
Examples
- If you freeze water, it becomes a solid.
- Plants die if they don't get enough water.
- If my husband has a cold, I usually catch it.
- If public transport is efficient, people stop using their cars.
- If you mix red and blue, you get purple.

EXTRA COURSE 10 - 2017

UNIT 9


The zero conditional is also often used to give instructions, using the imperative in the
main clause.
e.g.
- If Bill phones, tell him to meet me at the cinema.
- Ask Pete if you're not sure what to do.
- If you want to come, call me before 5:00.
- Meet me here if we get separated.

PRACTICE. Make the zero conditional.
1. If I (wake up) late, I (be) late for work..
2. If my husband (cook) , he (burn) the food..
3. If Julie (not/wear) a hat, she (get) sunstroke..
4. If children (not/eat) well, they (not/be) healthy.
5. If you (mix) water and electricity, you (get) a shock.
6. If people (eat) too many sweets, they (get) fat..
7. If you (smoke) , you (get) yellow fingers..
8. If children (play) outside, they (not/get) overweight.
9. If you (heat) ice, it (melt).
10. If I (speak) to John, he (get) annoyed..
11. I (feel) good the next day if I (go) to bed early.
12.Lots of people (come) if Jenny (have) a party..
13. She (buy) expensive clothes if she (go) shopping.
14. My daughter (pass) her exams if she (work) hard.
15. David (be) sick if he (drink) milk..
16. The river (freeze) if it (be) very cold.
17. I (like) to visit the museums if I (be) in a new city.
18. I (cycle) to work if the weather (be) fine.
19. My flatmate (clean) really well if she (clean) the house.
20. Everybody (be) grumpy if it (rain) a lot..

Thẩm Tâm Vy
PRACTICE TEST 3

EXTRA COURSE 10 - 2017

UNIT 9



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