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TÀI LIỆU ôn vào 10 môn ANH

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TÀI LIỆU ƠN THI VÀO 10
A. CÁC THÌ:
@ Lý thuyết:
1. Simple present tense:(thì hiện tại đơn)
Hình thức: I / we / you / they + inf.
He / She / It + Vs/es
* Thêm “es” vào những động từ có tận cùng là: ch, sh, s, x, z, o
To be:
I + am …
We / you / they + are …
He / she / it + is …
Cách dùng:
_ Dùng để diễn tả thói quen hoặc sự việc xảy ra thường xuyên ở hiện tại. (Trong câu
thường có các trang từ như: always, usually, often, sometimes, seldom, never, generally,
regularly, every day/week/month/year… once, twice, three times… a day/week…)
Ex: We come to school on time every day.
My mother always gets up early.
_ Dùng để diễn tả một sự thật hiển nhiên, một chân lý, các phong tục tập qn, các hiện
tượng tự nhiên.

Ex: The earth moves around the sun.
2. Present progressive tense: (thì hiện tại tiếp diễn)
Hình thức: S + is/am/are + V-ing
Cách dùng: Dùng để diễn tả sự việc đang xảy ra ở hiện tại (trong câu thường có các
trạng từ như: now, at present, at the moment…)
Ex: My father is planting flowers in the garden now.
Note: một số động từ sau khơng được dung ở thì HTTD mà dùng HTĐ như: be, see, hear, feel, know,
like, hate, want, need, love, prefer, test, remember, forget, believe, seem …
3. Simple past tense: (thì quá khứ đơn)
Hình thức:
S + V2/ ed
S + didn’t + V1
(Wh-) + Did + S +V1?
Cách dùng:
- Dùng để diễn tả sự việc đã xảy ra và kết thúc trong quá khứ. (Trong câu thường có
các trạng từ như: ago, yesterday, last night/week/month/year… in + past year)
Ex: I visited my old teachers yesterday.
My mother bought this shirt last month.
- Một chuỗi hành động nối tiếp nhau xảy ra trong q khứ.
EX: When I heard a knock at the door last night, I walked to the door and opened the door, I saw my
cousin, I said hello to him and asked him to come in.
4. Past progressive tense: (thì quá khứ tiếp diễn)
Hình thức: S + Were/Was + V-ing
Cách dùng:
_ Dùng để diễn tả sự việc đang xảy ra vào một thời điểm xác đònh trong quá khứ.
Ex: What were you doing at one o’clock yesterday afternoon?
_ Dùng để diễn tả sự việc đang diễn ra ở q khứ thì một sự việc q khứ khác xảy ra.
(sự việc đang diễn ra ta dùng thì quá khứ tiếp diễn, sự việc quá khứ khác ta dùng thì
quá khứ đơn.)
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Ex: I met my friend when I was coming back home from school.
_ Dùng để diễn tả hai hành động cùng xảy ra một lúc ở quá khứ. (thường trong câu sử
dụng từ nối: while, when)
Ex: Nam was reading a book while his father was watching TV.
5. Present perfect tense: (thì hiện tại hoàn thành)
Hình thức: S + Have/Has + Past Participle (V3/ed)


Cách dùng:
_ Dùng để diễn tả sự việc đã xảy ra trong quá khứ nhưng không xác đònh được thời
điểm, hoặc kết quả còn lien quan đến hiện tại.
Ex: I have already seen this play.
He has lost his keys. (He can’t get into his house now.)
_ Dùng để diển tả sự việc vừa mới xảy ra.
Ex: My father has just come home from Paris.
_ Dùng để diễn tả sự việc bắt đầu ở quá khứ mà còn tiếp tục đến hiện tại.
Ex: They have lived here for 5 years.
My sister has been sick since yesterday.
• Chú ý:
+ Trong câu thường có các giới từ:
For (dùng để chỉ khoảng thời gian)
Since (dùng để chỉ mốc thời gian)
+ Trong câu thường có “just, already, never, ever” đứng trước V3/-ed
+ “lately, recently, before” đứng cuối câu.
+ “so far = until now = up to now = up to the present = so on (nghĩa là cho đến bây giờ) đứng
đầu hoặc cuối câu.
“This/ it is the first/ second/ …time, +S +have/has v3/ed
several times, many times, …”.
+ Trong câu cũng thường gặp trạng từ “Yet”. Trạng từ “Yet” thưòng được đặt ở cuối
câu và chỉ được sử dụng trong câu hỏi và câu phủ đònh nhằm nhấn mạnh ý nghĩa của câu.
6. Simple future tense: (thì tương lai đơn)
Hình thức: S + Will/Shall + Bare infinitive
Cách dùng:
- Thì tương lai đơn dùng để diễn tả hành động xảy ra trong tương lai, khơng có dự định trước hoặc
hành động quyết định ngay lúc nói,
EX: She won’t go there tomorrow.
Chú ý:
- Khơng dùng thì tương lai đơn trong mệnh đề thời gian:
I will meet her before she will leave here. → leaves
- Will/ shall còn dùng sau các động từ như hope, believe, think,
wish, be sure, be afraid, …
EX: I hope I will pass the examination.
Lưu ý:
- “Will” được dùng cho tất cả các chủ ngữ nhưng “Shall” chỉ được dùng cho “I” và “we”
7. The near future. (Thì tương lai gần) be going to inf
S + am/ is/ are + going to + V1 +...
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Cách dùng: Dùng để diễn tả hành sắp xảy ra mà hiện tượng của nó đã xuất hiện ở hiện tại hay một
hành động tương lai có dự định trước.
EX: Look at those clouds! It is going to rain
- Không dùng thì tương lai đơn gần với động từ di chuyển go, come…:
I’m glad because I am going to go to the cinema tonight.
→ am going
@ BAØI TAÄP:
Put the verbs in brackets into the correct tense:
1. Mr.Tuan always (go) ……………………………………… to work by bus.
2. We (start) ………………………………………………… our new school year last month.
3. She (receive) ………………………………………… her pen pal’s letter this morning.
4. It (not rain) ………………………………………………. in the dry season.
5. Lan (take) ………………………………………… her younger brother to the zoo last Sunday.
6. I (live) …………………………………………………… here since I was born.
7. They (give) ……………………………………… me the letter a few minutes ago.
8. When I saw him, he (sit) ………………………………………………. asleep in a chair.
9. What you (do) ………………………………………………… at 7 p.m yesterday?
10.My brother (write) …………………………………………… several plays.
11.We (learn) ………………………………………………… English now.
12.He (write) ………………………………………………… a long novel at present.
13.Why didn’t you listen while I (speak) …………………………………………… to you?
14.Where are you? – I’m upstairs. I (have) …………………………………………… a bath.
15.You (have) …………………………………………………… breakfast yet?
16.My little sister (drink) ……………………………………………… milk every day.
17.The doctor sometimes (return) …………………………………………… home late.
18.They (have) …………………………………………… lunch in the cafeteria now.
19.They often (thank) ………………………………………… me for what I do for them.
20.His uncle (teach) ………………………………………… English in our school five years ago.
21.They (not go) ………………………………………………… to the movies last Sunday.
22.You (find) ……………………………………………… my pen yesterday?
23.The light (go) ………………………… out when we (study) …………………………….our
lesson.
24.There (be) ……………………………… an English class in this room tomorrow evening.
25.They (paint) ………………………………………………… the school gate when we came.
26.They (build) ………………………………………… a new school in this area next year.
27.My brother (work) …………………………………………… in this factory for many years.
28.The children (play) ………………………………………… soccer at 4 o’clock yesterday.
29.I (see) ………………………………………………… Nga at the bus stop every morning.
30.What you (do) ………………………………………………………… last night?
31.It (be) ……………………….…..often hot in the summer.
32.My mother went to the supermarket yesterday, but she (not buy) ……….………. anything.
33.Nam and Ba (play) ……………………………. soccer at present.
34.My family (go) ………………….…………. Da Lat next summer.
35.I’d like (tell) ……………..………… you something about my family.
36.She needs (eat) ………….…………. a lot of vegetables and fruit.
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37.Please don’t make so much noise. I (study)……………………………..
38.The water (boil) ……………………………at 100 degrees Celsius.
39.Look! Somebody (climb) ……………………up that tree over there.
40.I (not see) ……………………………………her since last week.
41.How long you (know) …………………………………. Tom?
42.Hoa (burn) ……………………her hand when she (cook) ………………..……. The dinner.
43.While we (cross) ……………….….the street, the policeman (shout) …………..…….at us.
44.What you (do) ………………………………at this time yesterday?
45.I hope it (not rain) ……………………when we (start) ………………….early tomorrow.
46.My sister (play) ………………………the piano since she (be) ………………….a child.
47.I (never forget) ……………………….what you (just tell) ………………………….me.
48.He (leave) ………….home two weeks ago and we (not hear) ………………from him since.
49.She (win) ……………………….the gold medal in 2004.
50.While you (play) …………………..the guitar, I (write) …………………….a letter.
G. WISH SENTENCES:
- Dùng để diễn tả những ước muốn, những điều không có thật ở hiện tại.
Hình thức:
S + WISH / WISHES + S + V2/V-ed / were
- Dùng để diễn tả những ước muốn, những điều không có thật ở tương lai.
Hình thức:
S + WISH / WISHES + S + WOULD + INF
* Ghi chú: “Past Subjunctive” được gọi là quá khứ bàng thái và được dùng như thì quá
khứ đơn. Với động từ “To be” ta dùng “were” cho tất cả các chủ ngữ.
Ex: He wishes he were a doctor.
I wish I could speak English fluently.
Bài tập:
* Write sentences beginning with “I wish…”
1. I don’t have time to study.
………………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………
2. I can’t answer the questions.
………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………
3. My younger brothers play in the street all day.
………………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………
4. We are not living in London.
………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………
5. Nga is not here.
……………………………………………….
………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………
6. They don’t stay in Da Lat.
………………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………
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7. Mai doesn’t know many people in the town. ..
………………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………
8. I’m sorry I can’t go to the party. ..
………………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………
9. Her work isn’t going well.
………………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………
10.They will leave France next week.
………………………………………………………………………………………………………
…………………………………………
11.I’m sorry he gets up so late.
………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………
12.It’s a pity we don’t know where we are.
………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………
13.It’s a pity we haven’t a knife.
………………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………
14.I’m sorry I don’t know where you are staying.
………………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………
15.Nga may make a lot of mistakes.
………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………
16.My family has to move to Lang Son.
………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………
17.I’m sorry I can’t help you.
………………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………
18.The students keep talking all the time.
………………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………
19.The tickets are too expensive.
………………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………
20.I’m sorry my friends are poor.
………………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………
21.I speak English badly.
………………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………
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22.He can’t swim as well as his friends.
………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………
23.She has to work on Sunday every week.
………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………
24.They are afraid of ghosts and monsters.
………………………………………………………………………………………………………
…………………………………
25.I don’t know much about him.
………………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………
C. THỂ BỊ ĐỘNG: (passive voice)
QUI TẮC CHUNG:
S + BE + (BEING) + V3/ed + (BY OBJECTIVE)
Cách biến đổi chung:
S+V+O
S + BE + V3/ed + (by O)
* CÁCH BIẾN ĐỔI CHO TỪNG THÌ:
I.
Present simple tense: (thì hiện tại đơn)
S+V+O
S + is/am/are + V3/ed + (By O)
Ex: I see Nga at the bus stop every day.
Nga is seen at the bus stop (by me) every day.
II.
Present progressive tense: (thì hiện tại tiếp diễn)
S+V+O
S + is/am/are +being + V3/ed + (By + O)
Ex: He is asking me a lot of questions.
I am being asked a lot of questions.
III. Simple past: (qúa khứ đơn)
S+V+O
S + Were / Was + V3/ed + (By O)
Ex: My mother wrote that letter.
That letter was written by my mother.
IV. Past progressive: (quá khứ tiếp diễn)
S +V+ O
S + Were/Was +Being + V3/ed + (By O)
Ex: She was doing her homework at that time.
Her homework was being done at that time.
V.
Present perfect: (hiện tại hoàn thành)
S+V+O
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S + Have/has + Been + V3/ed + (By O)
Ex: She has given me some presents on my birthday.
I have been given some presents on my birthday.
VI. Model verbs: (will/shall/can/must/have to/ …)
S+V+O
S + Modal verb + BE-inf + V3/ed + (By O)
Ex: My friend can answer the questions.
The questions can be answered by my friend.
Chú ý:
Các tân ngữ “me, you, him, her, them, us, people, someone, …” ta nên bỏ khỏi câu bò động
nếu không muốn nêu rỏ tác nhân.
Ghi chú:
- Tân ngữ trong câu bò động ta phải đặt sau phó từ chỉ nơi chốn và trước phó từ chỉ
thời gian.
- Sau các động từ khiếm khuyết thì động từ “To Be” luôn luôn nguyên mẫu.
Bài tập:
Turn into the passive voice:
1. The teacher explains the lesson.
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………
2. Mrs. Green is cooking the food in the kitchen.
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………
3. These boys made that noise.
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………
4. People speak English all over the world.
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………
5. I gave him back the money last Sunday.
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………
6. Nga can’t do these exercises quickly.
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………
7. They have to pay the bill before the first of the month.
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………
8. They will ask you some questions.
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………
9. Somebody has locked the box and I can’t open it.
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……………………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………
10.I want you to do this work now.
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………
…………
11.He shouldn’t do that silly thing.
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………
…………
12.Nam does some exercises every day.
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………
…………
13.The new teacher teaches English.
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………
…………
14.They have not used that machine for ages.
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………
…………
15.She has eaten all the eggs.
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………
EXERCISES FOR REVISION 1
I. Choose the best answer.
I was very impressed ..................... the efficiency of the staff.
(on / by / to)
This report is divided ..................... two parts.
(with / in / into)
Lan and Maryam are pen pals. They ............ twice a month. (comprise / touch / correspond)
Can you tell me how many chapters this book consists .......... ?
(of / in / with)
Maryam was really ............... by the beauty of Ha Noi.
(impress / impressed / impression)
The United States has a ..................... of around 250 million.
(area / climate / population)
9. Mary ............................. write to me last year.
(uses to / used to / was used to)
10. Millions of Christmas cars ..................................... last month. (were sent / sent / are sent)
11. It’s dangerous ............................... in this river.
(swim / to swim / swimming)
12. I ......................... English here since 1997.
(teach / taught / have taught)
13. Vietnamese women prefer to wear modern clothing ........... work. (in / to / at)
14. The Ao dai is the ................ dress of Vietnamese women. (casual / beautiful / traditional)
15. I wish Lan ................... harder for her examination.
(work / works / worked)
16. What were you doing when he .............................. ?
(coming/ comes / came)
17. He made a deep..................on the members of his speaking English club.
(impress / impression/ impressed)
18. A lot of .................come to Van Mieu every day.
(visitor / visitors / visiting)
19.The Smiths enjoyed the.........atmosphere in Vietnam. (peace / peaceful / peaceful)
20. Hanoi is not.......................... from Kuala Lumpur.
(difference / different / differently)
21. We went to see many..........places in Hanoi last year.
(famous / famously / famousness)
22. The.......language in Malaysia is Bahasa Malaysia.
(nation / national / nationality)
23. In Malaysia,...........................is free.
(education / educate/ educational)
24. It’s very kind.......................... you to say so!
(in / on / for / of)
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III.

Match column A with column B.
A
B
1. pen pal
a. the system of money used in a country.
2. climate
b. someone who you regularly write friendly letter to but have not met.
3. currency
c. that you can choose or not choose.
4. divide
d. that must be done by law, rules.
5. optional
e. the regular pattern of weather conditions.
6. compulsory
f. to stop being toghether, separate.
Answer: 1…….., 2..….., 3…....., 4……, 5............, 6..........
IV. Supply the correct verb form.
1. We ………………....................…..( study ) English since 2000.
2. I wish they ………...............…………( be ) here now.
3. We used to .................................... (walk) to school.
4. Wearing uniforms ............................(make) students feel equal in many ways.
5. This school ......................................... (build) 15 years ago.
6. When I arrived home last night, my mother ...................................... (watch) TV.
V. Rewrite the sentences.
1. My father smoked a lots a year ago, but now he doesn’t smoke any more.
--> My father used .........................................................................................
2. Lan always walked pass the mosque.
--> Lan used ..................................................................................................................
3. He finished his exercise on time.
--> His exercise ..............................................................................................................
4. People plant rice in those fields.
--> Rice ..........................................................................................................................
5. They have known him well.
--> He ............................................................................................................................
6. We will meet her at the station.
--> She ...........................................................................................................................
7. A new school / build / our village / last year.
--> A new school was ...........................................................................................
8. You don’t have time to read books.
--> I wish ...............................................................................................................................
9. You are not good at cooking.
--> I wish ................................................................................................................................
10. The test is very difficult.
--> We wish ................................................................................................................................
11. Hoa draws very badly.
--> She wishes ................................................................................................................................
12. What a pity! You aren’t here with us now.
--> We wish ..................................................................................................................................
VI. Use the correct verb forms:
1. I wish I ( live) ……………. near my school.
2. I wish I ( know) ……………. her address.
3. I wish I ( be ) ……………. taller.
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4. I wish I (meet) ……………..her now
5. If only he (not leave) ………………….here.
6. She wishes she (finish) …………..her homework last night
7. I wish they ( come)………….here last Sunday.
8. I wish they ( visit) …………….us last week
9. She wishes she ( spend)…………… her holiday at the seaside last weekend.
10. I wish the weather (be not) ……………….hot yesterday.
11. I wish I ( be )…………………a doctor when I grow up
12. They wish it ( not rain)…………………..tomorrow
13. If only we (not have ) ….……………. a test next Tuesday.
14. I wish it (be) ………………………..fine on the party next week.
15. I wish tomorrow (be)………………a beautiful day.
VII. Make a cross on the correct answer A, B, C, and D in the following sentences:
1. We are really ……… by the beauty of Ha long bay. (impress / to impress / impressed / impressing)
2. He made a deep ……………….on the members of his speaking English club.
A. impress
B. to impress
C. impressed
D. impressing
3. His ………………..made us happy. (unfriendly / friendly / unfriendliness / friendliness)
4. A lot of ………. come to Van Mieu everyday. (visitor / visitors / visiting / visited)
5. What was he doing when you …………….? (A. come B. to come C. came D. coming)
6. The Smiths enjoyed the ………. atmosphere in Vietnam. (peace / peaceful / peacefully / peacetime)
7. Hanoi is not ………… from Kuala Lumpur (difference / different / differ / differently)
8. We went to see many ………… places in Hanoi last year. (fame / famous / famously / famousness)
9. The …………. language in Malaysia is Bahasa Malaysia. (nation / national / nationally /
nationality)
10. I wish Mary ……………….harder for her examination. (will work / worked / has worked / works)
11. It’s very kind ……….. you to say so. (in / to / for / of)
12. Can you tell me how many chapters this book consists ……….. ? (of / to / with / in)
13. Vietnamese people are very ………. and hospitable. (friend / friendless / friendly / friendship)
14. I come from Vietnam, so I am not used to ………… on the left.(drive / drove / driven / driving)
15. Although we are far away from each other, we still …………….
A. keep in touch
B. say hello
C. keep together
D. keep on
16. Music and painting are ……………….. subjects. (option / optional / optionally / optioning)
17. The children are playing …………….. in the school yard. (happy / happily / happiness / unhappy)
18. I wish they ……………….. here tomorrow. (will come / would come / come / came)
19. They …. to Dalat in summer when they were young. (use to go / used to go / are used to go / used
to going)
20. Lan ………. writing to Maryam every month. (uses to / used to / is used to / was used to)
21. The Malaysian unit of currency is the …………(dong / ringit / dollar / yen)
22. Maryam often goes to the …… to pray because her religion is Islam. (church / pagoda /
temple /mosque)
23. He ……………… English for 4 years. (learns / learnt / will learn / has learnt)
24. Maths and Litterature are … subjects for children in Vietnam. (primary /compulsory / optional /
national)
25. They used to ……………. swimming in the afternoon.(go /going / went / gone)
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26. The United States has a ………. of around 250 million. (population / separation / addition /
introduction)
27. He wishes he ……………… a pilot. (is / were / will be / would be)
28. I would rather you ………………… the test well. (do / did / done / to do)
29. It’s time we ………………….. the bus. (catch / caught / to catch / catching)
30.Nam wishes he ……….. Thanh some money for her rent but he’s broken himself.
A. can lend
B. would lend
C. could lend
D. lend
31. I wish you ………………here with me. (a. was
b. were
c. am
d. have been )
32. Lan wishes she …………………Maryam someday. (a. visit
b. visited
c. would visit d.
will visit)
33. They wish they ………………a new car. (a. have
b. had
c. would have
d.
has)
34. He wishes he …………………..the exam. (a. passes b. pass
c. passed
d. will pass)
35. He ………..to see a new film called “ Ghosts and Monsters” last night. (a. goes b. went c. go
d. has gone)
36. What were you doing when he ……….at 4 yesterday? (a. come
b. had come
c. came d.
would come)
37. Her parents ……………..to Ha Noi last year. (a. moved b. moves
c. move
d. had
moved)
38. Did you ………………….her at the party last night? (a. saw
b. see
c. seeing
d. to
see)
39. I didn’t …………….. part in the meeting.(a. to take
b. take
c. took d. taking)
40. Tom ………………..to play soccer, but now he doesn’t play anymore.
a. uses
b. was used to c. used d. got used to
41. A football team usually consists ……………….eleven members. (a. on
b. for
c. of
d.
with)
42. Malaysia is divided …………….two regions. (a. into
b. to
c. about d. for)
43. Lan used walk …………the mosque on her way to primary school. (a. past
b. pass
c.
across d. in)
44. It’s very kind…………you to help us. - Thanks a lot. (a. for
b. to
c. with d. of )
55. I have studied English…………more than three years. (a. for
b. in
c. since d. at)
46. Nam wishes his father…………here to help him now. (a. is
b. were
c. will be d. was)
47. Lan can’t swim fast. She wishes she………..faster. (a. can swim
b. couldn’t swim
c.
could swim
d. can’t swim)
48. Lan wishes she …………..have to clean all the windows. (a. don’t
b. doesn’t
c. wasn’t
d. didn’t)
49. Maryam was really impressed …………the beauty of the city. (a. of
b. by c. with
d.
for)
50. I wish I ……………get good marks for the coming exam. (a. can
b. could
c. should
d. will)
* USED TO and GET / BE USED TO:
- USED TO + INF
- GET / BE USED TO + V-ING
I. Use the correct verb form:
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1, I was used to_______________________(eat) at noon when I started school.
2, He used to__________________________(eat) dinner at five o'clock.
3, When I was young, I used to_______________________(swim) everyday.
4, He used to____________________(like) her, but he doesn't anymore.
5, Don't worry, some day you will get used to_____________________(speak) English.
6, Lan can't get used to______________________(study)
7, He used to____________________(dance) every night, but now he studies.
8, Adam is used to____________________(sleep) late on the weekends.
9, Chieks is used to_________________________(eat) American food now.
10, She finally got used to_____________________________(eat) our food.
II. Supply the correct verb form:
1) What ……………you …………………..(do) last weekend?
2) I ……………………( go ) to the theater with my family last weekend.
3) They …………………..to Maryam’s farewell party last night. ( not come)
4) I wish I ……………………………..( be ) there with you.
5) Lan wishes she……………………….. ( speak ) English well.
6) They wish they……………….. ( visit ) Ha Noi someday.
7) They…………………………… ( be) pen pals for a long time.
8) I’m used to…………….. ( drive ) on the left when I live in London.
9) We used to…………( write) to each other every month when we ………( be) at secondary school.
10) I wish I …………………(not have to) do a lot of homework.
D.
REPORTED SPEECH: (câu tường thuật)
Câu tường thuật là câu thuật lại một cách gián tiếp lời của người khác. Câu tường
thuật có những dạng sau đây:
I.
Câu tường thuật loại câu mệnh lệnh, u cầu:
FORM:
S + Told/Asked + O + (NOT) + To-infinitive
Ex1: “Please wait for me here, Mary.” Tom said.
Tom told Mary to wait for him there.
Ex2: “Don’t talk in class!” the teacher said.
The teacher told the children not to talk in class.
Lưu ý: Một số động từ thường dùng khi tường thuật câu mệnh lệnh: tell, ask, order,
advise, warn, beg, command, remind, instruct,
II.
Câu tường thuật loại câu phát biểu:
FORM: S + SAID (TOLD) + (THAT) + S + V (V: được lùi về một thì theo bảng chuyển đổi)
Ex: Direct speech:
“I will talk to Nam,” said he.
main verb
reporting verb
Reported speech: He said (that) he would talk to Nam.
Lưu ý:
- Có thể dùng hoặc không dùng “that” sau động từ tường thuật.
- Một số động từ không thay đổi khi chuyển sang lời nói gián tiếp là: would, could,
might, should, ought to
1. Một số thay đổi về thì:
+ Nếu động từ tường thuật của câu ở thì quá khứ thì phải lùi động từ chính về quá
khứ một bậc khi chuyển từ lời nói trực tiếp sang lời nói gián tiếp theo qui tắc sau:
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Direct speech
Reported speech
Future simple
Would + V
Present simple
Past simple
Present progressive
Past progressive
Present perfect
Past perfect
Past simple
Past perfect
Past progressive
Past perfect progressive
Can/may
Could/might
Must/have to
Had to
1. Một số chuyển đổi khác:
Khi chuyển từ lời nói trực tiếp sang gián tiếp mà động từ tường thuật ở thì quá khứ
thì các trạng từ chỉ thời gian và nơi chốn và đại từ chỉ đònh được chuyển đổi theo qui
tắc sau:
Direct speech
Reported speech
This
That/the
These
Those/the
Here
There
Now
Then/at once
Today
That day
Tomorrow
The following day / the
next day
Tonight
That night
Yesterday
The day before / the
previous day
Ago
Before
Ex:
Direct speech: “I’m leaving here tomorrow,” said Mai.
Reported speech: Mai said (that) she was leaving there the next day.
III. Câu tường thuật loại câu hỏi :
1. Yes / No question:
+ Với câu hỏi Có hay Không khi đổi sang câu tường thuật ta phải sử dụng “if” hoặc
“whether”.
Hình thức:
Asked (O)
S+
Wanted to know
+ if/whether +S +V (V: được lùi
Wondered (tự hỏi)
về một thì theo bảng chuyển
đổi)
Ex:
Direct speech: “Are you angry?” he asked.
Reported speech: He asked (me) if/whether I was angry.
2. WH-question:
+ Với câu hỏi có “từ hỏi” khi đổi sang câu tường thuật ta không được dùng “if” hoặc
“whether” mà phải dùng lại chính từ hỏi đó.
FORM: S + ASKED + O + WH- + S + V (V: được lùi về một thì theo bảng chuyển đổi)
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Ex:
Direct speech: “Where do you come from?” Mai asked.
Reported speech: Mai asked me where I came from.
Lưu ý:
+ Nếu đôïng từ tường thuật ở thì hiện tại thì thì của động từ chính được giữ nguyên khi
chuyển lời nói trực tiếp sang gián tiếp.
Ex:
Direct speech: “I’m arriving at about 6.00,” says she.
Reported speech: she says (that) she’s arriving at about 6.00.
BÀI TẬP:
I. Change into indirect speech:
1. Mary said “ I go to school by bicycle”
…………………………………………………………………………………………………
2. Ann said to John “ You may see the photos if you like”
…………………………………………………………………………………………………
3. “ I’m going to town with my sister”, he said.
…………………………………………………………………………………………………
4. “ I’ll be back next Sunday and buy you a new doll” Daisy’s father said to her.
…………………………………………………………………………………………………
5. Nam said “ I want to be rich and famous”
…………………………………………………………………………………………………
6. The students said “ We have just finished our lesson”.
…………………………………………………………………………………………………
7. Tim said “ The circus is coming again to my town”
…………………………………………………………………………………………………
8. “ Our house is large enough for us “ they said.
…………………………………………………………………………………………………
9. He said, “I’ll be here again tomorrow”
…………………………………………………………………………………………………
10. We said to them, “Your houses are very nice”
…………………………………………………………………………………………………
11. She said to them, “He’s lived here for 4 years”
…………………………………………………………………………………………………
12. Tom said, “I’m going away for a few days and will phone you when I get back”
…………………………………………………………………………………………………
13. Mary said to John, “I cannot go to the movie with you tomorrow”
…………………………………………………………………………………………………
14. William said, “I’m very grateful to you for your helping me with the Vietnamese lesson”
…………………………………………………………………………………………………
15. “I don’t like this film” Betty said to Bill.
…………………………………………………………………………………………………
16.“Don’t swim out too far, boy” She asked.
…………………………………………………………………………………………………
17. “Please don’t smoke in my car” the drivere asked.
…………………………………………………………………………………………………
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18.“Come to see me when you have free time.” My uncle asked .
…………………………………………………………………………………………………
19.“The windows are broken,” said Nga.
…………………………………………………………………………………………………
20.“You must pay me now,” said Lan.
…………………………………………………………………………………………………
21.“I will go to HCM City tomorrow.” Said Mr. Quang.
…………………………………………………………………………………………………
22.We are learning English now,” said the students.
…………………………………………………………………………………………………
23.“Are you a student?” Tim asked.
…………………………………………………………………………………………………
24.“Will you be to France in the future?” my uncle asked.
…………………………………………………………………………………………………
25.“Do you like English music?” Ann asked.
…………………………………………………………………………………………………
26.“Where do you live?” Ann asked.
…………………………………………………………………………………………………
27.“Which grade are you in?” asked Tim.
…………………………………………………………………………………………………
28.“What are you doing now? She asked me
………………………………………………………………………………………………
29. “What have you got in your luggage?” he asked
..................................................................................................................................................
30. “Are you a spy?” Nam asked
....................................................................................................................................................
31. “Do you have a notebook?” he asked
...................................................................................................................................................
32. “Where are you going?” Hoa asked
...............................................................................................................................................
33. “Where have you come from?” Lan asked
..................................................................................................................................................
34. “How long have you been in the country?” Ba asked
…...............................................................................................................................................
35. “Are you carrying any drugs?” Hoa asked
....................................................................................................................................................
II/ Choose the best answer among A, B, C or D that best completes each sentence.
1. The United state has a ............. of around 250 million. (A. population B. introduction C. separate
D. addition)
2. The house …………. two bedrooms, a kitchen and a bathroom.(A. consists B. comprises C.
divides D. takes)
3. It seems difficult ....................me to meet her now.(A. to B. for C. of D. from)
4. He doesn’t depend........................ his parents. (A. of B. on C. at D. for)
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5. It rains heavily…………………..I can’t go out with you. (A. and B. but C. because D. so)
6- He was born …………….15th January. (A. in B. of C. at
D. on)
7- I want to ………….my English .Can you help me? (A. improve
B. attend C. take D. give)
8- If you …………to get well soon, you must take this medicine. (A. will want B. wanted C. would
want D. want)
9- We …………..a lovely holiday there, didn’t we? (A. have B. had C. have had D. were having)
10- It rains heavily, ……………..I can’t go to the movie with you. (A. and B. but C. because D. so)
11- My father …………..teaching in a small village 10 years ago. (A. starts B. started C. has
started D. is starting)
12- They ……………in that house for several months. (A. had B. have lived C. lived D. were
having)
13- Must this test ………………on time? (A. finish
B. finished C. be finished
D. be
finish)
14. Malaysia is divided..............two regions. (A, to B, in
C, into
D, on)
15. I wish it __________ rain so often here. (A. not B. do not C. did D. didn’t )
16. They ........................playing soccer in the park.(A, use B, used to
C, are used
D, are used
to)
17. Islamic people usually go to the …………………………to pray. (A, temple B, mosque C,
church D, pagoda)
18. The Singapore unit of …………………… is dollar. (A. length
B. height
C. column
D.
currency)
19. Lan and Maryam are pen pals. They ……………at least once every week. (A. write B.
correspond C. exchange
D. visit)
20. I am used to .......................up early. (A, get B, to get
C, getting D, got)
21. Vietnamese people are very ................. (A, friend B, friendly C, friendship D, friendliness)
22. Nam asked Mai ……………… she went to Nha Trang the last summer. (A. so B. if C. and D.
when)
23. She was born ...............September 15th . (A, in B, at C, on D, from)
24. They haven’t seen each other, but they write to each other frequently. They are …….. (A. pen pals
B. writers C. co-writer
D. paper pals)
25. Churches, temples and pagodas are places of ………… (A. friendship B. warship C. worship
D. friendship)
26. Their friendliness makes a deep ……… on tourists. (A. correspondences B. beauty C. recreation
D. impression)
27. Children in this poor village are allowed to go to school without ………. (A. education B.
instruction C. fee D. impression)
28. Maryam is the one on the corner. She ………….. jeans. (A. is wearing B. wears C. has worn
D. was wearing)
29. English …… widely ……….. in this country nowadays. (A. is / speaking B. is / spoken C. was
/ spoken D. is / spoke)
30. ……… English is their official language, most of them can speak Chinese. (A. Although B. So
C. Despite
D. If)
31. They cannot decide ……….. place to visit first. (A. how B. where C. which D. what)
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32. My grandmother ……… the most beautiful girl in the village. (A. uses to being B. use to be C.
used to being D. used to be)
33. We are having a good time together, I wish you …… here with us now. (A. are B. will be C.
were D. would be)
34.S1 : Hello. You must be Maryam.
S2 : …… (A. I must be
B. I may be C. That’s right. I
am D. You are not Maryam )
35. Since the economic ……… gets better, the sale of clothes increases. (A. convenience B. situation
C.risk
D. style)
36. ……………… can take inspiration from events in their daily life. (A. Poets B. Poem C. Poetry
D. Poetic)
37. You should always wear a ………..when riding a motorbike. (A. hat B. cap C. guard D.
helmet)
38. The number of people who wear jeans is increasing; that’s why sales of jeans are …….. up. (A.
raising
B. running C. pulling D. going)
39. In most factories workers have to wear uniform ………….. work. (A. at B. on C. in D. out)
40. My mother only wears ao dai …………..special occasions. (A. at B. in C. on D. with)
41. This is the first time she …………… traditional costume. (A. wears B. wore C. is wearing D.
has worn)
42. The material that …………. from cotton is usually strong and hard-wearing. (A. is made B.
makes C. is making
D. made)
43. ………….. have you known him ? (A. How often B. When C. How long ago D. How long)
44. He finds his new shirt very …………… It will be his favorite one. (A. comfortable B.
comfortably C. uncomfortable D. uncomfortably)
III. Give the correct form of the words in the brackets:
1. You must be (care)……………………………………… when you opened that door.
2- We’re very impressed by the ( friend)………………………………………… of your town's
people.
3- Is Buddhism the country (office)…………………………………………………… religion of
Thailand.
4- We'll live a happier and (health)……………………………………………………… life if we keep
our environment clean.
5- The price of (electric)………………………………………………………… has gone up again.
6- Our school has a lot of (qualify) ............................................. teachers.
7- I watch the news everyday because it's very (inform ) .................................................
8- The Internet is a very useful means of (communicate) .................................................
9- We must learn about keeping the environment (pollute ) ................................................
10-Some of these traditional dresses have been…………………………………………………
(modern)
11- Many Vietnamese women continue to wear the unique and…………………………………………
dress. (fashion)
12-Lan wants to become a fashion……………………………………………………when she grows
up. (design)
13-Although its services are not very good, the hotel is………………………………………for the
beach. (convenience)
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14-Although the ao dai is the…………..………dress of Vietnamese women, not many of them wear
it at work. (tradition)
15-He never has any accidents. He is a .................................... driver. (care).
16- It is a nice shop and the assistances are all polite and very ......................................... (help).
17- This new center is an interesting...............................................
(develop).
18- We can see many ………………………………………………….on TV every day. (advertise)
19- The Internet is a wonderful …………………………………………of modern life. (invent)
20- What have they done to ………………………………………………their own country. (modern)
22-Hanoi is much ………………………………………………from Tokyo, isn’t it? (difference)
23- The Internet has……………………………………………… It is very time- consuming and
costly. (limit)
24- There are many ………………………………………………………………in our country of a
years. (
celebrate)
25- We can save……………………………………………………resources by using solar energy.
(nature)
26- The Pikes aren’t satisfied with their ……………………………………………………for
Christmas. (prepare)
E. CONDITIONAL SENTENCES: (TYPE 1,2)
FORM:
Type
If clause
Main clause
1
Present simple tense
Future simple tense / modal verbs (in
present) + inf
2
Past subjunctive
Would
S + V2/ed (WERE)
Could + inf
might
Notes:
1- may/can để chỉ sự cho phép: EX: If you eat all your dinner, you can have a chocolate
2- may/might/ could để chỉ khả năng có thể xảy ra: VD: If he doesn’t come soon, he might
miss the train
3- can/could để chỉ khả năng: EX: If the ice is thick, we can walk across
4- must/ have to để chỉ sự bắt buộc, should/ ought to để chỉ lời khuyên hoặc gợi ý
EX: You must do your homework if you want to go out.
If you want to lose weight, you should do exercise.
I. Give the correct form of the verbs in brackets in the following sentences:
1. He (not see)………………………………………………………….. his brother recently.
2. I can’t go to the movies with you if it (rain) ……………………………………………... heavily.
3. Lan (take)………………………………………………… to school every day when he was a
child.
4. Would you mind (show) ……………………………………………………. me how to send an email?
5. The “Ao dai” (mention)…………………………………………………………. in poems and
songs for centuries.
6. What ………………………………………..….your children (do)……………………………….
………. when he (come)…………………………..……… yesterday?
7. My car (not repair)…………………………………………………………… yet.
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8. She (buy)……………………………………………………..……. this house for her son, didn’t
she?
9. Where ………………………………………………………..you (go) ……………………….
…………….if you have a car?
10. The children prefer (watch)……………………………………….. TV to (read)
…………………………………….. books.
11. She (not live)…………….with her parents. She (live)…………………………………………..…
alone.
12. I (stay)………………with my parents at the moment though I (have)
……………………………….……..my own flat.
13. Listen! Someone (knock)………………………………..at the door.
14. I hope it (not rain)……………………………………………………..when the bride (leave)
………………………………………
15. What time the bus (leave)………………………………………...for Dave tomorrow? - It (leave)
…………………………………..at 7.45.
16. My father (always worry)……………………………………………….about us.
17. Everything on the Earth (always change)…………………………………………………………
18. We (have)………………………………………………a small party next Sunday? Would you like
(come)……………………………………………?
19. Look at that car. It ( drive)………………………………………………too fast. It (hit)
……………………………………that cyclist.
20.I bought a fishing rod. I (go)……………………………………………………fishing this
afternoon.
21. My mother (always forget)……………………………………………………………her umbrella
at the supermarket.
22. What ……you (do)………tonight?-I don’t know. I (probably stay)…....
…………………………………………home and watch TV.
23.I hope I (become)…………………………………………………………………..a singer one day.
24. They (visit)……………………………………………….me when they (come back)
…………………………………………………
25. He (take part)…………………………………………………………in an important meeting next
Saturday.
26. A new supermarket ( open )…………………………………………………………in this town in
the future.
27. If he (not phone)………………………………………………………………………………us, we
won’t tell him the news.
28. He (stay)……………….at home if it (rain)………………….tomorrow.
29. It’s very cold here. You (close)……………..the window for me, please?
30. A: We’ve run out of sugar.
B: Alright. I(go)…………………………………………and
buy some.
31. The flight to HCM city (leave)………………………………….Hanoi at 10 and (arrive)
……………………………………there at 11.
32. She sometimes (watch)…………………………………………………… movies on Sunday.
33. Look! Our teacher (come)……………………………………… She (have)
……………………………………………long hair.
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34. The children (like)…………………………………………………. to play in the park.
35. Something (smell)……………………………………………………good in the kitchen now.
36. Thanh prefers (listen)……………………………………to music to (watch)
……………………………………………TV.
37. Tomorrow (be) ...................................... Sunday, so I (not go)
……………………………………….to school.
38. The boys likes (play)……………………………………games but hate (do)
………………………………………….lesson.
39. Would you like (go) ……………………………………………………now or shall we wait till the
end?
40. We used (dream)……………………………………of a television set when we (be)
…………………………………………small.
41. Would you mind (show)……………………………………………me how (send)
………………………………………an e-mail.
42. If it (rain)………………………………………………………tomorrow, we won’t go on a
camping trip.
43. If the teacher (give)………………………………………………us some homework, we have to
stay home and do it.
44. If her mother (return)……………………………………………………home early, she can cook
the meal for the family.
45. I (go)…………………………………………………………to Lan’s party if she invites me.
46. They will pass the exam if they (study)………………………………………………………hard.
47. They said that they (will try)…………………………………………………their best to do the
test.
48. The book (just publish)…………………………………………………………by Kim Dong
publisher.
49. The Brown (travel)……………………………………………………………to Asia many times.
50. The boys wish their team (not lose)…………………………………………………the game.
51. The farmers wish it (not rain)……………………………………………………so heavily this
season.
52. Ba’s uncle wishes he (get)…………………………………………………………good crops this
year.
53. You ever (be)……………………………………………to India?-Yes. I (be)
………………………………………………there twice.
54. She asked me if I (can)…………………………………………………speak Chinese.
55. If he (want)……………………………………………to become a doctor, he must (study)
…………………………………………hard.
56. You should practice (listen)…………………………………………………………………to the
radio every day.
57. Please call me if the bell (ring)……………………………………………………
58. My father wishes he (take part)…………………………………………………………in the Chess
Club.
59. English (speak)……………………………………………………in Viet Nam many years ago.
60. You should (do)………………………….a lot of grammar exercises if you want (learn)
…………………………………………English well.
II. Use the correct tense:
1. The teacher will be very angry if you …………………………… (not do) your homework.
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2. If he ……………………………….. (tell) me, I could help him.
3. If you don’t water the flowers, they ………………………………………… (die).
4. If you didn’t water the flowers, they …………………………………………(die).
5. I ……………………………………….. (come) if I had time.
6. If you don’t hurry, you ……………………………………….. (miss) the bus.
7. If I …………………………… (be) you, I wouldn’t buy that car.
8. He will play tennis if the weather …………………………………. (be) good.
9. I would be very happy if she …………………………………. (be) my sister.
10.She could win the race if she …………………………………. (try).
11.If he ……………………….. (go) to bed early, he will get up early.
12.If he touches this wire, he ……………………………….. (get) a shock.
13.You will get wet if it …………………………… (rain).
14.If I knew, I ………………………………… (come) earlier.
15.I wouldn’t say it if I ……………………….. (be) you.
16.What will you do if you ………………………………… (get) a bad mark?
17.If she ………………………….. (wear) a necklace, her dress will look better.
18.If you go near the dog, it ………………………………. (bite) you.
19.Bodrum ……………………… (be) ideal for a holiday if it weren’t so crowded.
20.He will be ill if he ……………………….. (eat) so much.
21.If she ……………………………. (read) the book carefully, she will understand it.
22.The children can stay up late if they ……………………….. (be) good.
23.If the dinner isn’t ready, I ……………………………….. (go) out.
24.We would die if the plane ……………………………….. (crash).
F. PREPOSITIONS OF TIME: at/ in/ on / until/ after/ before/ from…to/ between…and
-on+ day/date (on Tuesday, on January 23)
- at + a point of time / night/ noon/ ( at 7 am )
- in+ month/ year/ season/ part of the day ( in May, In the winter, in the morning )
G. ADVERB CLAUSE OF RESULT ( mệnh đề trạng ngữ chỉ kết quả ) :
FORM: S + V + (C), so S + V + (C)
Ex: She studied hard, so she passed the exam
EXERCISE:
I. Give the correct prepositions:
1. I shall meet you………….the corner …………..……..the street.
2. I always come ……………..…..school ……………….…foot
3. It never snows here…………………..……..Christmas.
4. The country looks beautiful………………….……spring.
5. I can see you……………….……Monday.
6. I live…………….…… the country, but she lives……………..…..the seaside.
7. Have you any money……….….……..you?
8. I don’t like get up ………………..the morning.
9. He had learned the whole poem………………..heart.
10.He always comes ………….………bus.
11.This book is……………..……Dickens.
12.Is Miss Smith…………….…..home?
13.I have breakfast …………….…….7.30 every morning.
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14.Can you translate that………………………German?
15.My birthday is ………………..….May 5th.
16.My birthday is ……………………..the 5th.
17.They come ……………………..the room.
18.I like swimming ……………..……the summer
19.We get a lot of rain………………..……..November.
20.He never comes ……………….……time for the class.
21.I’m very busy………………….…….present.
22.I have no time ………………….……..the moment.
23.He was standing…………………..the middle of the room.
24.Please write your name ……….……..the top ………….…..the book.
25.There is vocabulary………….…the end …………….the book.
26.I shall see her ……………….…the beginning……………..…the week.
27.What would that be …………………….German?
28.……………………my opinion, it is very good book.
29.She is ………………………the garden.
30.We are going………………..…the theatre this evening.
31.The train arrives……………………….Victoria station…………….…4.30.
32.Please tell me ………………..…..once.
33.I waited for half an hour, and ………………….last she came.
34.The book is ……………..…..the table.
35.He is sitting…………………an armchair
36.The picture is……………..…..the wall.
37.I put my hands …………….…….my pockets.
38.She is drinking………………..…..a cup
39.She took ten shillings …………….……..her bag.
40.For the last few days I haven’t been able to sleep……………....night.
II. VERB FORM
1. I wish you (be) ……………here on time.
2. We (learn)…………….English since last year.
3. I wish you (pass)……………..the final exam next year.
4. If you don’t want to be fat, you must (do)…………..morning exercise every day.
5. Peter used to (go) ……………home before 9 p.m.
6. Tom (buy)…………….a new car, didn’t he?
7. Your mother (cook)……………very well, doesn’t she?
8. Do you enjoy (meet ) ……………..people from other countries?
9. She practice (speak) ……………….English every day?
10.They used (play)…………….soccer in the park.
11.She used to (go) ………….to Dalat in summer.
12.I wish I (have)………….good grades.
13.she wishes she (be)………….. a good student.
14.Did you use to (swim)……………..in the morning?
15.I wish I (can )………….swim.
16.She wishes she (make)………….a shirt.
17.I (do)………….a lot things yesterday.
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18.She (not finish)………………….her homework yet.
19.I (live)…………….in HCM city since 1978.
20.My father (water)…………….the trees every morning.
21.He (go) ………………to see a film last week.
22.He is used to(go)…………….to school every morning.
23.They (be)……………..pen pal for 2 years.
24.My car (not find)………………yet.
25.The house (build)…………..in 1987.
26.The new school (build)………………next year.
27.She wishes she (have)…………..another car next year.
28.Christmas songs (perform)…………….for people in town yesterday.
29.He wishes he (get)………………better.
30.She enjoys (play)……………..tennis.
31.Is she fond of(chat)…………..?
32.You didn’t like (eat)…………..fish.
III. Rewrite the sentences:
1. It’s 2 years since I saw him.
I haven’t ............................................................................................................................
2. Hung is busy.
Hung wishes ...................................................................................................................
3. Her daughter cannot speak English.
She wishes .......................................................................................................................
4. The weather is too cold, so we can’t go swimming.
If .....................................................................................................................................
5. I can’t buy the house because it is too expensive.
If .....................................................................................................................................
6. Mary asked, “Tom, who will open the box for me?”
Mary ...............................................................................................................................
7. The teacher asked him, “Do you think before you answer?”
The teacher .....................................................................................................................
8. He said to me, “ Shut the door”
He ....................................................................................................................................
9. The guide said to us, “Don’t touch this picture.”
The guide ..........................................................................................................................
10.She sings beautifully.
She is ..............................................................................................................................
11.We run fast.
We are .............................................................................................................................
12.He is a good dancer.
He ...................................................................................................................................
13.She is a slow work.
She ...................................................................................................................................
14.Mary will come. Peter will be happy.
If Mary ............................................................................................................................
15.The teacher will correct it. We will understand it.
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If .....................................................................................................................................
16.Ronaldo wins the gold ball of FIFA.
The gold ball ..................................................................................................................
17.Mr. Hung keeps a large collection of medals.
A large ...........................................................................................................................
18.The principle bought many teaching aids for our school.
Many teaching aids ........................................................................................................
19.Minh Quang caught the ball easily.
The ball ..........................................................................................................................
20.They have just held an English workshop.
An English workshop ...................................................................................................
H. TAG QUESTIONS (caâu hoûi ñuoâi):
Form: - Affirmative statement, negative tag?
- Negative statement, Affirmative tag?
EX: The boat is coming, isn’t it?
He won’t come, will he?
You saw him, didn’t you?
Nam doesn’t get up late, does he?
* SPECIAL CASES:
- Câu nói có các từ phủ định như: seldom, rarely, hardly, no, without, never thì phần đuôi phải ở
dạng xác định.
Ex: His child has never told lied, has he?
- Phần đuôi của I am là aren’t I .
Ex: I am going to do it again, aren’t I?
- Diễn tả lời mời phần đuôi là won’t you
Ex: Take your seat, won’t you?
- Diễn tả lời yêu cầu phần đuôi là will you.
Ex: Open the door, will you?
- Phần đuôi của câu với let’s… là shall we
Ex: Let’s go swimming, shall we?
*Note:
- Phần đuôi ở dạng phủ định phải luôn luôn được viết dạng rút gọn.
Ex: He goes to school on time, doesn’t he?
- Chủ từ của phần đuôi thường là đại từ nhân xưng.
Ex: Nam has been to Nha Trang several time, hasn’t he?
EXERCISE:
I. Complete the following question tags:
1. Tim’s in his office,……………………………..?
2. You aren’t well ,…………………………………….?
3. Jack doesn’t have any sister,………………………………?
4. You like strong coffee,……………………………..?
5. Your children don’t walk to school everyday,…………………………..……..?
6. Minh went to Ha Noi ,…………………………………..…..?
7. Tom isn’t studying hard,………………………………….?
8. It wasn’t raining,…………………………………….?
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9. Mrs Lan’s students are singing in the class,……………………………………….?
10. Everyone isn’t sting in the room,……………………………………..?
11. That was Hang’s idea,……………………………………………..?
12. Susan and Trang were waiting for us, …………………………….……?
13. Linh had to leave early,………………………………………?
14. Nobody listened the strange noise yesterday,…………………………………?
15. You can answer these questions…………………………………….?
16. These exercises have been done,………………………………………….?
17. Listen to him,…………………………………...?
18. My mother used to work hard,……………………………………?
19. It has been warmer than usual,……………………………….………..……?
20. It won’t be anything expensive,……………………………………….…?
21. There aren’t any students in the school yard,……………………………..…?
22. He hadn’t got his time to talk,……………………………….……………..?
23. Don’t jump in to the grass,………………………………..….?
24. I’m eating ,………………………………..?
25. You’d rather go,…………………………………….…..?
26. Trang and Hang must be tied,……………………………..?
27. Your sister should eat more vegetables ,………………………………?
28. Don’t do that thing,………………………………………?
29. Tung has finished his course,……………………………….…..?
30. She has earned a lot of money,……………………………….………………..
31. Their’s parents are going to Hue,……………………………………..?
32 Ann couldn’t speak two years ago,…………………………………….?
33. You musn’t use this computer,…………………………………………….?
34. His mother is going to write poem,…………………………………………..?
35. Let’s tell them about it,………………………………….…. ?
36. The Brown;s children will have picnic next week,……………………………..?
37. Marry will be here soon,………………………………………………..?
38. This man can talk three foreign languages,……………………………….……..?
39. These men musn’t drive so fast,…………………………….......................?
40. Your sisters should try their best ,…………………………………..?
41. You’re tied,……………………………………..?
42. You’ve got a camera,…………………………………..………..?
43. Ann hasn’t got a pen,…………………………………..…………?
44. They didn’t lock their car,………………………………………?
45. Mai can’t speak German,………………………………………..?
46. You and he haven’t finished this novel,………………………..……….?
47. This isn’t interesting news,………………………………..……….?
48. He won’t mind if I use this phone,………………………………………..?
49. We would tell him ,…………………………………………………….?
50. Her parents are walking on the road,…………………………………..……..?
*SO / BECAUSE
1-She got up late. She didn’t go to school on time (because)
 …………………………………………………………….
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