Tải bản đầy đủ

fixed assets and intangible assets test bank

Name Chapter 9--Fixed Assets and Intangible Assets
Description
Instructions

Modify

Add Question Here

Question 1

True/False

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question Long-lived assets that are intangible in nature, used in the operations of the business, and not held for sale in the ordinary
course of business are called fixed assets.
Answer

True
False
Add Question Here

Question 2

True/False

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question
The acquisition costs of property, plant, and equipment should include all normal, reasonable and necessary costs to get the asset in
place and ready for use.
Answer
True
False
Add Question Here

Question 3

True/False

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question When land is purchased to construct a new building, the cost of removing any structures on the land should be charged to
the building account.
Answer
True
False
Add Question Here

Question 4



True/False

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question Land acquired as a speculation is reported under Investments on the balance sheet.
Answer
True
False
Add Question Here

Question 5

True/False

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question To a major resort, timeshare properties would be classified as property, plant and equipment.
Answer
True
False
Add Question Here

Question 6

True/False

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question Standby equipment held for use in the event of a breakdown of regular equipment is reported as property, plant, and
equipment on the balance sheet.
Answer
True
False
Add Question Here

Question 7

True/False

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question The cost of repairing damage to a machine during installation is debited to a fixed asset account.
Answer
True
False
Add Question Here

Question 8

True/False

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question During construction of a building, the cost of interest on a construction loan should be charged to an expense account.
Answer
True
False
Add Question Here

Question 9

True/False

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question The cost of computer equipment does not include the consultant's fee to supervise installation of the equipment.
Answer
True
False
Add Question Here

Question 10

True/False

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question When cities give land or buildings to a company to locate in the community, no entry is made since there is no cost to the
company.
Answer
True
False
Add Question Here

Question 11

True/False

0 points

Modify

Question Capital expenditures are costs of acquiring, constructing, adding, or replacing property, plant and equipment.
Answer
True

Remove


False
Add Question Here

Question 12

True/False

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question The cost of new equipment is called a revenue expenditure because it will help generate revenues in the future.
Answer
True
False
Add Question Here

Question 13

True/False

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question Expenditures that increase operating efficiency or capacity for the remaining useful life of a fixed asset are betterments.
Answer
True
False
Add Question Here

Question 14

True/False

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question The cost of replacing an engine in a truck is an example of ordinary maintenance.
Answer
True
False
Add Question Here

Question 15

True/False

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question A capital lease is accounted for as if the asset has been purchased.
Answer
True
False
Add Question Here

Question 16

True/False

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question An operating lease is accounted for as if the lessee has purchased the asset.
Answer
True
False
Add Question Here

Question 17

True/False

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question An intangible asset is one that has a physical existence.
Answer
True
False
Add Question Here

Question 18

True/False

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question A capitalized asset will appear on the balance sheet as a long term asset.
Answer
True
False
Add Question Here

Question 19

True/False

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question Long lived assets held for sale are classified as fixed assets.
Answer
True
False
Add Question Here

Question 20

True/False

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question Functional depreciation occurs when a fixed asset is no longer able to provide services at the level for which it was intended.
Answer
True
False
Add Question Here

Question 21

True/False

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question The normal balance of the accumulated depreciation account is debit.
Answer
True
False
Add Question Here

Question 22

True/False

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question As a company depreciates a piece of equipment, it cash flow goes up.
Answer
True
False
Add Question Here

Question 23

True/False

0 points

Question All property, plant, and equipment assets are depreciated over time.
Answer
True

Modify

Remove


False
Add Question Here

Question 24

True/False

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question The book value of a fixed asset reported on the balance sheet represents its market value on that date.
Answer
True
False
Add Question Here

Question 25

True/False

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question The depreciable cost of a building is the same as its acquisition cost.
Answer
True
False
Add Question Here

Question 26

True/False

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question It is necessary for a company to use the same depreciation method for all of its depreciable assets.
Answer
True
False
Add Question Here

Question 27

True/False

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question It is not necessary for a company to use the same depreciation method for financial statements and for determining income
taxes.
Answer
True
False
Add Question Here

Question 28

True/False

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question An estimate of the amount which an asset can be sold at the end of its useful life is called residual value.
Answer
True
False
Add Question Here

Question 29

True/False

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question The units of production depreciation method matches expenses against revenue the best.
Answer
True
False
Add Question Here

Question 30

True/False

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question Once the useful life of a depreciable asset has been estimated and the amount to be depreciated each year has been
determined, the amounts can not be changed.
Answer
True
False
Add Question Here

Question 31

True/False

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question Residual value is not incorporated in the initial calculations for double-declining-balance depreciation.
Answer
True
False
Add Question Here

Question 32

True/False

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question The double-declining-balance method is an accelerated depreciation method.
Answer
True
False
Add Question Here

Question 33

True/False

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question The double declining balance depreciation method calculates depreciation each year by taking twice the straight line rate
times the book value of the asset at the beginning of each year.
Answer
True
False
Add Question Here

Question 34

True/False

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question When minor errors occur in the estimates used in the determination of depreciation, the amounts recorded for depreciation
expense in the past should be corrected.
Answer
True
False
Add Question Here

Question 35

True/False

0 points

Modify

Remove


Question The amount of depreciation expense for the first full year of use of a fixed asset costing $95,000, with an estimated residual
value of $5,000 and a useful life of 5 years, is $19,000 by the straight-line method.
Answer
True
False
Add Question Here

Question 36

True/False

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question The amount of depreciation expense for a fixed asset costing $95,000, with an estimated residual value of $5,000 and a
useful life of 5 years or 20,000 operating hours, is $21,375 by the units-of-production method during a period when the asset was used
for 4,500 hours.
Answer
True
False
Add Question Here

Question 37

True/False

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question The amount of the depreciation expense for the second full year of use of a fixed asset costing $100,000, with an estimated
residual value of $5,000 and a useful life of 4 years, is $25,000 by the declining-balance method at twice the straight-line rate.
Answer
True
False
Add Question Here

Question 38

True/False

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question When depreciation estimates are revised, all years of the asset’s life are affected.
Answer
True
False
Add Question Here

Question 39

True/False

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question For income tax purposes most companies use an accelerated deprecation method called double declining balance.
Answer
True
False
Add Question Here

Question 40

True/False

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question Assets may be grouped according to common traits and depreciated by using a single composite rate.
Answer
True
False
Add Question Here

Question 41

True/False

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question Regardless of the depreciation method, the amount that will be depreciated during the life of the asset will be the same.
Answer
True
False
Add Question Here

Question 42

True/False

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question Revising depreciation estimates does affect the amounts of depreciation expense recorded in past periods.
Answer
True
False
Add Question Here

Question 43

True/False

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question Capital expenditures are costs that are charged to Stockholders' Equity accounts.
Answer
True
False
Add Question Here

Question 44

True/False

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question Though a piece of equipment is still being used, the equipment should be removed from the accounts if it has been fully
depreciated.
Answer
True
False
Add Question Here

Question 45

True/False

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question If an asset has not been fully depreciated, depreciation should be recorded prior to removing it from service and the
accounting records.
Answer
True
False
Add Question Here

Question 46

True/False

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question When selling a piece of equipment for cash, a loss will result when the proceeds of the sale are less than the book value of
the asset.


Answer

True
False
Add Question Here

Question 47

True/False

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question When a property, plant, and equipment asset is sold for cash, any gain or loss on the asset sold should be recorded.
Answer
True
False
Add Question Here

Question 48

True/False

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question Ordinary gains from the sale of fixed assets should be reported in the other income section of the income statement.
Answer
True
False
Add Question Here

Question 49

True/False

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question A gain can be realized when a fixed asset is discarded.
Answer
True
False
Add Question Here

Question 50

True/False

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question When old equipment is traded in for a new equipment, the difference between the list price and the trade in allowance is
called boot.
Answer
True
False
Add Question Here

Question 51

True/False

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question When a plant asset is traded for another of similar asset, losses on the asset traded are not recognized.
Answer
True
False
Add Question Here

Question 52

True/False

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question When exchanging equipment, if the trade-in allowance is greater than the book value a loss results.
Answer
True
False
Add Question Here

Question 53

True/False

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question Since gains are not recognized in the exchange of similar assets, the cost basis of the new asset is equal to the book value
of the old asset plus boot.
Answer
True
False
Add Question Here

Question 54

True/False

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question If a fixed asset with a book value of $10,000 is traded for a similar fixed asset, and a trade-in allowance of $15,000 is granted
by the seller, the buyer would report a gain on disposal of fixed assets of $5,000.
Answer
True
False
Add Question Here

Question 55

True/False

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question The entry to record the disposal of fixed assets will include a credit to accumulated depreciation.
Answer
True
False
Add Question Here

Question 56

True/False

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question Both the initial cost of the asset and the accumulated depreciation will be taken off the books with the disposal of the asset.
Answer
True
False
Add Question Here

Question 57

True/False

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question Minerals removed from the earth are classified as intangible assets.
Answer
True
False
Add Question Here
True/False

0 points

Modify

Remove


Question 58
Question The method used to calculate the depletion of a natural resource is the straight line method.
Answer
True
False
Add Question Here

Question 59

True/False

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question Intangible assets differ from property, plant and equipment assets in that they lack physical substance.
Answer
True
False
Add Question Here

Question 60

True/False

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question The transfer to expense of the cost of intangible assets attributed to the passage of time or decline in usefulness is called
amortization.
Answer
True
False
Add Question Here

Question 61

True/False

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question The cost of a patent with a remaining legal life of 10 years and an estimated useful life of 7 years is amortized over 10 years.
Answer
True
False
Add Question Here

Question 62

True/False

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question Costs associated with normal research and development activities should be treated as intangible assets.
Answer
True
False
Add Question Here

Question 63

True/False

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question Patents are exclusive rights to manufacture, use, or sell a particular product or process.
Answer
True
False
Add Question Here

Question 64

True/False

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question When a major corporation develops its own trademark and over time it becomes very valuable, the trademark may not be
shown on their balance sheet due lack of a material cost.
Answer
True
False
Add Question Here

Question 65

True/False

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question When a company establishes an outstanding reputation and has a competitive advantage because of it, the company should
record goodwill on its financial statements.
Answer
True
False
Add Question Here

Question 66

True/False

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question The difference between the balance in a fixed asset account and its related accumulated depreciation account is the asset's
book value.
Answer
True
False
Add Question Here

Question 67

True/False

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question The-sum-of-the-years'-digits method is the only depreciation method that does not consider the plant asset's estimated
residual value in the depreciation equation.
Answer
True
False
Add Question Here

Question 68

True/False

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question The amount of depreciation expense for the first full year of use of a fixed asset costing $65,000, with an estimated residual
value of $5,000 and a useful life of 5 years, is $20,000 by the sum-of-the-years’-digits method.
Answer
True
False
Add Question Here

Question 69

True/False

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question When a seller allows a buyer an amount for old equipment that is traded in for new equipment of similar use, this amount is


known as boot.
Answer

True
False
Add Question Here

Question 70

True/False

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question An exchange is said to have commercial substance if future cash flows remain the same as a result of the exchange.
Answer
True
False
Add Question Here

Question 71

Matching

0 points

Question Classify each of the following as:
Answer Match Question Items
C. A. B. B. B. C. A. A. -

A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
H.

Overhauling an engine in a large truck.
Exterior and interior painting
Paving a new parking lot
New landscaping
Installing a new air conditioning system in an old building
Resurfacing a pool in an apartment building
Adding freon to an air conditioning system
Fixing damage due to a car accident

Modify

Remove

Answer Items
A. Ordinary Maintenance and Repairs
B. Asset Improvements
C. Extraordinary Repairs

Add Question Here

Question 72

Matching

0 points

Question Match the intangible assets with their proper classification
Answer Match Question Items
B. - A. Rights to sell this book and make a profit
C. - B. McDonald’s Golden Arches
A. - C. A new kitchen gadget that can be profited by only one company
D. - D. Location of a company
B. - E. I-Tunes Music
D. - F. Reputation of a company
C. - G. Nike Swoosh
C. - H. Mickey Mouse

Modify

Remove

Answer Items
A. Patent
B. Copyright
C. Trademark
D. Goodwill

Add Question Here

Question 73

Multiple Choice

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question A characteristic of a fixed asset is that it is
Answer
intangible
used in the operations of a business
held for sale in the ordinary course of the business
a long term investment
Add Question Here

Question 74

Multiple Choice

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question Land acquired so it can be resold in the future is listed in the balance sheet as a(n)
Answer
fixed asset
current asset
investment
intangible asset
Add Question Here

Question 75

Multiple Choice

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question Which of the following should be included in the acquisition cost of a piece of equipment?
Answer
transportation costs
installation costs
testing costs prior to placing the equipment into production
all are correct
Add Question Here

Question 76

Multiple Choice

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question Which of the following is included in the cost of constructing a building?
Answer
insurance costs during construction
cost of paving parking lot
cost of repairing vandalism damage during construction
cost of removing the demolished building existing on the land when it was purchased
Add Question Here

Question 77

Multiple Choice

0 points

Question Which of the following is included in the cost of land?
Answer
cost of paving a parking lot
brokerage commission
outdoor parking lot lighting attached to the land

Modify

Remove


fences on the land
Add Question Here

Question 78

Multiple Choice

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question Accumulated Depreciation
Answer
is used to show the amount of cost expiration of intangibles
is the same as Depreciation Expense
is a contra asset account
is used to show the amount of cost expiration of natural resources
Add Question Here

Question 79

Multiple Choice

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question A building with an appraisal value of $147,000 is made available at an offer price of $152,000. The purchaser acquires the
property for $35,000 in cash, a 90-day note payable for $45,000, and a mortgage amounting to $65,000. The cost basis recorded in
the buyer's accounting records to recognize this purchase is
Answer
$147,000
$152,000
$145,000
$110,000
Add Question Here

Question 80

Multiple Choice

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question A used machine with a purchase price of $77,000, requiring an overhaul costing $8,000, installation costs of $5,000, and
special acquisition fees of $3,000, would have a cost basis of
Answer
$93,000
$90,000
$82,000
$85,000
Add Question Here

Question 81

Multiple Choice

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question A new machine with a purchase price of $94,000, with transportation costs of $8,000, installation costs of $5,000, and special
acquisition fees of $2,000, would have a cost basis of
Answer
$ 99,000
$107,000
$102,000
$109,000
Add Question Here

Question 82

Multiple Choice

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question Expenditures that add to the utility of fixed assets for more than one accounting period are
Answer
committed expenditures
revenue expenditures
current expenditures
capital expenditures
Add Question Here

Question 83

Multiple Choice

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question A capital expenditure results in a debit to
Answer
an expense account
a stockholders’ equity account
a liability account
an asset account
Add Question Here

Question 84

Multiple Choice

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question Which of the following below is an example of a capital expenditure?
Answer
cleaning the carpet in the front room
tune-up for a company truck
replacing an engine in a company car
replacing all burned-out light bulbs in the factory
Add Question Here

Question 85

Multiple Choice

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question In a lease contract, the party who legally owns the asset is the
Answer
lessee
lessor
operator
banker
Add Question Here

Question 86

Multiple Choice
Question All leases are classified as either
Answer
capital leases or long-term leases
capital leases or operating leases

0 points

Modify

Remove


operating leases or current leases
long-term leases or current leases
Add Question Here

Question 87

Multiple Choice

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question The journal entry for recording an operating lease payment would
Answer
be a memo entry only
debit the fixed asset and credit Cash
debit an expense and credit Cash
debit a liability and credit Cash
Add Question Here

Question 88

Multiple Choice

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question When determining whether to record an asset as a fixed asset, what two criteria must be met?
Answer
Must be an investment and must be long lived.
Must be long lived and must use the asset in a productive manner.
Must be long lived and must be a tangible asset.
Must be a tangible asset and must be an investment.
Add Question Here

Question 89

Multiple Choice

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question Factors contributing to a decline in the usefulness of a fixed asset may be divided into the following two categories
Answer
salvage and functional
physical and functional
residual and salvage
functional and residual
Add Question Here

Question 90

Multiple Choice

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question A fixed asset's estimated value at the time it is to be retired from service is called
Answer
book value
residual value
market value
carrying value
Add Question Here

Question 91

Multiple Choice

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question All of the following below are needed for the calculation of straight-line depreciation except
Answer
cost
residual value
estimated life
units produced
Add Question Here

Question 92

Multiple Choice

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question The method of determining depreciation that yields successive reductions in the periodic depreciation charge over the
estimated life of the asset is
Answer
units-of-production
declining-balance
straight-line
time-valuation
Add Question Here

Question 93

Multiple Choice

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question When the amount of use of a fixed asset varies from year to year, the method of determining depreciation expense that best
matches allocation of cost with revenue is
Answer
declining-balance
straight-line
units-of-production
MACRS
Add Question Here

Question 94

Multiple Choice

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question A machine with a cost of $80,000 has an estimated residual value of $5,000 and an estimated life of 5 years or 15,000 hours.
It is to be depreciated by the units-of-production method. What is the amount of depreciation for the second full year, during which the
machine was used 5,000 hours?
Answer
$5,000
$25,000
$15,000
$26,667
Add Question Here

Question 95

Multiple Choice

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question Equipment with a cost of $130,000 has an estimated residual value of $10,000 and an estimated life of 5 years or 12,000
hours. It is to be depreciated by the straight-line method. What is the amount of depreciation for the first full year, during which the


equipment was used 3,300 hours?
Answer

$24,000
$32,500
$33,000
$35,750
Add Question Here

Question 96

Multiple Choice

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question A machine with a cost of $75,000 has an estimated residual value of $5,000 and an estimated life of 4 years or 18,000 hours.
What is the amount of depreciation for the second full year, using the double declining-balance method?
Answer
$17,500
$37,500
$18,750
$16,667
Add Question Here

Question 97

Multiple Choice

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question The most widely used depreciation method is
Answer
straight-line
sum-of-the-years-digits
declining-balance
units-of-production
Add Question Here

Question 98

Multiple Choice

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question Equipment with a cost of $160,000, an estimated residual value of $40,000, and an estimated life of 15 years was
depreciated by the straight-line method for 4 years. Due to obsolescence, it was determined that the useful life should be shortened by
3 years and the residual value changed to zero. The depreciation expense for the current and future years is
Answer
$11,636
$16,000
$11,000
$8,000
Add Question Here

Question 99

Multiple Choice

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question The depreciation method that does not use residual value in calculating the first year's depreciation expense is
Answer
straight-line
units-of-production
double-declining-balance
none of the above
Add Question Here

Question 100

Multiple Choice

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question If a fixed asset, such as a computer, were purchased on January 1st for $3,750 with an estimated life of 3 years and a
salvage or residual value of $150, the journal entry for monthly expense under straight-line depreciation is:
(Note: EOM indicates the last day of each month.)
Answer
EOM Depreciation Expense
100
Accumulated Depreciation
100
EOM Depreciation Expense
1,200
Accumulated Depreciation
1,200
EOM Accumulated Depreciation
1,200
Depreciation Expense
1,200
EOM Accumulated Depreciation
100
Depreciation Expense
100
Add Question Here

Question 101

Multiple Choice

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question The proper journal entry to purchase a computer on account to be utilized within the business would be:
Answer
Jan 2 Office Supplies
1,350
Accounts Payable
1,350
Jan 2 Office Equipment
1,350
Accounts Payable
1,350
Jan 2 Office Supplies
1,350
Accounts Receivable
1,350
Jan 2 Office Equipment
1,350
Accounts Receivable
1,350
Add Question Here

Question 102

Multiple Choice

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question Residual value is also known as all of the following except
Answer
scrap value
trade in value
salvage value
net book value
Add Question Here

Question 103

Multiple Choice

0 points

Modify

Remove


Question The formula for depreciable cost is
Answer
initial cost + residual value
initial cost - residual value
initial cost - accumulated depreciation
depreciable cost = initial cost
Add Question Here

Question 104

Multiple Choice

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question Expected useful life is
Answer
calculated when the asset is sold.
estimated at the time that the asset is placed in service.
determined each year that the depreciation calculation is made.
none of the answers are correct.
Add Question Here

Question 105

Multiple Choice

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question The calculation for annual depreciation using the straight-line depreciation method is
Answer
initial cost / estimated useful life
depreciable cost / estimated useful life
depreciable cost * estimated useful life
initial cost * estimated useful life
Add Question Here

Question 106

Multiple Choice

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question The calculation for annual depreciation using the units-of-production method is
Answer
(initial cost/estimated output) * the actual yearly output
(depreciable cost / yearly output) * estimated output
depreciable cost / yearly output
(depreciable cost / estimated output) * the actual yearly output
Add Question Here

Question 107

Multiple Choice

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question Computer equipment was acquired at the beginning of the year at a cost of $65,000 that has an estimated residual value of
$3,000 and an estimated useful life of 5 years. Determine the 2nd year’s depreciation using straight-line depreciation.
Answer
$26,000
$24,800
$12,400
$13,000
Add Question Here

Question 108

Multiple Choice

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question Which of the following is true?
Answer
If using the double-declining-balance the total amount of depreciation expense during the life of the asset will be the
highest.
If using the units-of-production method, it is possible to depreciate more than the depreciable cost.
If using the straight line method, the amount of depreciation expense during the first year is higher than that of the doubledeclining-balance.
Regardless of the depreciation method, the amount of total depreciation expense during the life of the asset will be the
same.
Add Question Here

Question 109

Multiple Choice

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question An asset was purchased for $120,000 and originally estimated to have a useful life of 10 years with a residual value of
$10,000. After two years of straight line depreciation, it was determined that the remaining useful life of the asset was only 4 years with
a residual value of $2,000. Calculate this year’s depreciation using the revised amounts and straight line method.
Answer
$25,000
$11,000
$24,000
$24,500
Add Question Here

Question 110

Multiple Choice

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question A fixed asset with a cost of $52,000 and accumulated depreciation of $47,500 is traded for a similar asset priced at $60,000.
Assuming a trade-in allowance of $5,000, the cost basis of the new asset is
Answer
$54,000
$59,500
$60,000
$60,500
Add Question Here

Question 111

Multiple Choice

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question A fixed asset with a cost of $41,000 and accumulated depreciation of $36,000 is traded for a similar asset priced at $50,000.
Assuming a trade-in allowance of $4,000, the cost basis of the new asset is
Answer
$54,000
$45,000
$51,000


$50,000
Add Question Here

Question 112

Multiple Choice

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question A fixed asset with a cost of $41,000 and accumulated depreciation of $36,500 is traded for a similar asset priced at $60,000.
Assuming a trade-in allowance of $3,000, the recognized loss on the trade is
Answer
$3,000
$4,500
$ 500
$1,500
Add Question Here

Question 113

Multiple Choice

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question A fixed asset with a cost of $30,000 and accumulated depreciation of $28,500 is sold for $3,500. What is the amount of the
gain or loss on disposal of the fixed asset?
Answer
$2,000 loss
$1,500 loss
$3,500 gain
$2,000 gain
Add Question Here

Question 114

Multiple Choice

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question The Bacon Company acquired new machinery with a price of $15,200 by trading in similar old machinery and paying
$12,700. The old machinery originally cost $9,000 and had accumulated depreciation of $5,000. In recording this transaction, Bacon
Company should record
Answer
the new machinery at $16,700
the new machinery at $12,700
a gain of $1,500
a loss of $1,500
Add Question Here

Question 115

Multiple Choice

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question When a company discards machinery that is fully depreciated, this transaction would be recorded with the following entry
Answer
debit Accumulated Depreciation; credit Machinery
debit Machinery; credit Accumulated Depreciation
debit Cash; credit Accumulated Depreciation
debit Depreciation Expense; credit Accumulated Depreciation
Add Question Here

Question 116

Multiple Choice

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question When a company sells machinery at a price equal to its book value, this transaction would be recorded with an entry that
would include the following:
Answer
debit Cash and Accumulated Depreciation; credit Machinery
debit Machinery; credit Cash and Accumulated Depreciation
debit Cash and Machinery; credit Accumulated Depreciation
debit Cash and Depreciation Expense; credit Accumulated Depreciation
Add Question Here

Question 117

Multiple Choice

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question When a company exchanges machinery and receives a trade-in allowance greater than the book value, this transaction
would be recorded with the following entry:
Answer
debit Machinery and Accumulated Depreciation; credit Machinery, Cash, and Gain on Disposal
debit Machinery and Accumulated Depreciation; credit Machinery and Cash
debit Cash and Machinery; credit Accumulated Depreciation
debit Cash and Machinery; credit Accumulated Depreciation and Machinery
Add Question Here

Question 118

Multiple Choice

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question When a company exchanges machinery and receives a trade-in allowance less than the book value, this transaction would
be recorded with the following entry:
Answer
debit Machinery and Accumulated Depreciation; credit Machinery and Cash
debit Cash and Machinery; credit Accumulated Depreciation
debit Cash and Machinery; credit Accumulated Depreciation and Machinery
debit Machinery, Accumulated Depreciation, and Loss on Disposal; credit Machinery and Cash
Add Question Here

Question 119

Multiple Choice

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question On December 31, Strike Company has decided to discard one of its batting cages. The initial cost of the equipment was
$215,000 with an accumulated depreciation of $185,000. Depreciation has been taken up to the end of the year. The following will be
included in the entry to record the disposal.
Answer
Accumulated Depreciation Dr. $215,000
Loss on Disposal of Asset $185,000
Equipment Cr. $215,000
Gain on Disposal of Asset $30,000
Add Question Here
Multiple Choice

0 points

Modify

Remove


Question 120
Question On December 31, Strike Company has decided to sell one of its batting cages. The initial cost of the equipment was
$215,000 with an accumulated depreciation of $185,000. Depreciation has been taken up to the end of the year. The company found
a company that is willing to buy the equipment for $30,000. What is the amount of the gain or loss on this transaction?
Answer
Gain of $30,000
Loss of $30,000
No gain or loss
Cannot be determined
Add Question Here

Question 121

Multiple Choice

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question On December 31, Strike Company has decided to sell one of its batting cages. The initial cost of the equipment was
$215,000 with an accumulated depreciation of $185,000. Depreciation has been taken up to the end of the year. The company found
a company that is willing to buy the equipment for $20,000. What is the amount of the gain or loss on this transaction?
Answer
Gain of $20,000
Loss of $10,000
No gain or loss
Cannot be determined
Add Question Here

Question 122

Multiple Choice

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question On December 31, Strike Company has decided to sell one of its batting cages. The initial cost of the equipment was
$215,000 with an accumulated depreciation of $185,000. Depreciation has been taken up to the end of the year. The company found
a company that is willing to buy the equipment for $55,000. What is the amount of the gain or loss on this transaction?
Answer
Cannot be determined
No gain or loss
Gain of $25,000
Gain of $55,000
Add Question Here

Question 123

Multiple Choice

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question On December 31, Strike Company has decided to trade-in one of its batting cages for another one that has a cost of
$500,000. The seller of the batting cage is willing to allow a trade-in amount of $40,000. The initial cost of the old equipment was
$225,000 with an accumulated depreciation of $195,000. Depreciation has been taken up to the end of the year. The difference will be
paid in cash. What is the amount of the gain or loss on this transaction?
Answer
The gain will not be recognized and will be added to the price of the old equipment.
The gain will not be recognized and will be added to the price of the new equipment
The gain will not be recognized and will be subtracted from the price of the old equipment
The gain will not be recognized and will be subtracted from the price of the new equipment.
Add Question Here

Question 124

Multiple Choice

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question On December 31, Strike Company has decided to trade-in one of its batting cages for another one that has a cost of
$500,000. The seller of the batting cage is willing to allow a trade-in amount of $11,000. The initial cost of the old equipment was
$215,000 with an accumulated depreciation of $185,000. Depreciation has been taken up to the end of the year. The difference will be
paid in cash. What is the amount of the gain or loss on this transaction?
Answer
Loss of $11,000
Gain of $11,000
Loss of $19,000
No loss or gain will be recorded.
Add Question Here

Question 125

Multiple Choice

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question When a company replaces a component of property, plant and equipment, which statement below does not account for one
of the steps to this process?
Answer
book value of the replaced component is written off to depreciation expense
the asset cost of the replaced component is credited
any cost to remove the old component is charged to expense
the identifiable direct costs associated with the new component are capitalized
Add Question Here

Question 126

Multiple Choice

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question The accumulated depletion account is
Answer
an expense account
an intangible asset account
reported on the income statement as other expense
reported on the balance sheet as a deduction from the cost of the mineral deposit
Add Question Here

Question 127

Multiple Choice

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question The process of transferring the cost of metal ores and other minerals removed from the earth to an expense account is called
Answer
depletion
deferral
amortization
depreciation
Add Question Here
Multiple Choice

0 points

Modify

Remove


Question 128
Question The Weber Company purchased a mining site for $500,000 on July 1, 2009. The company expects to mine ore for the next
10 years and anticipates that a total of 100,000 tons will be recovered. The estimated residual value of the property is $80,000. During
2009, the company extracted and sold 4,000 tons of ore. The depletion expense for 2009 is
Answer
$10,500
$43,200
$16,800
$20,000
Add Question Here

Question 129

Multiple Choice

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question Expenditures for research and development are generally recorded as
Answer
current operating expenses
assets and amortized over their estimated useful life
assets and amortized over 40 years
current assets
Add Question Here

Question 130

Multiple Choice

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question The term applied to the amount of cost to transfer to expense resulting from a decline in the utility of intangible assets is
Answer
amortization
depletion
depreciation
allocation
Add Question Here

Question 131

Multiple Choice

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question Xtra Company purchased goodwill from Argus for $144,000. Argus had developed the goodwill over 6 years. How much
would Xtra amortize the goodwill for its first year?
Answer
$8,640
$24,000
Goodwill is not amortized.
Not enough information.
Add Question Here

Question 132

Multiple Choice

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question Which intangible assets are amortized over their useful life?
Answer
trademarks
goodwill
patents
all of the above
Add Question Here

Question 133

Multiple Choice

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question The exclusive right to use a certain name or symbol is called a
Answer
franchise
patent
trademark
copyright
Add Question Here

Question 134

Multiple Choice

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question Fixed assets are ordinarily presented in the balance sheet
Answer
at current market values
at replacement costs
at cost less accumulated depreciation
in a separate section along with intangible assets
Add Question Here

Question 135

Multiple Choice

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question Machinery was purchased on January 1, 2009 for $51,000. The machinery has an estimated life of 7 years and an estimated
salvage value of $9,000. Sum-of-the-years'-digits depreciation for 2010 would be
Answer
$10,929
$6,000
$10,500
$9,000
Add Question Here

Question 136

Essay

0 points

Modify

Question What is the cost of the land, based upon the following data?
Land purchase price
Broker's commission
Payment for the demolition
and removal of existing building
Cash received from the sale of materials
salvaged from the demolished building

$178,000
15,000
5,000
2,000

Remove


Answer

$196,000
Add Question Here

Question 137

Essay

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question Comment on the validity of the following statements. "As an asset loses its ability to provide services, cash needs to be set
aside to replace it. Depreciation accomplishes this goal."
Answer Depreciation is the periodic transfer of the cost of an asset to expense. Depreciation is a noncash expense. Depreciation
does not accumulate cash for replacements.
Add Question Here

Question 138

Essay

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question On April 15, Compton Co. paid $1,350 to upgrade a delivery truck and $45 for an oil change. Journalize the entries for the
delivery truck and oil change expenditures.
Answer
April 15
Delivery Truck
1,350
Cash
1,350
15 Repairs and maintenance Exp
Cash

45
45
Add Question Here

Question 139

Essay

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question Computer equipment was acquired at the beginning of the year at a cost of $45,000 that has an estimated residual value of
$3,000 and an estimated useful life of 4 years. Determine the (a) depreciable cost, (b) straight-line rate, and (c) annual straight-line
depreciation.
Answer
(a) $42,000
(b) 25%
(c) $10,500
Add Question Here

Question 140

Essay

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question In using this method, a double-declining balance rate is determined by doubling the straight-line rate. Assume that an asset
has a useful life of 25 years, determine the rate to be used if using the double-declining balance method.
Answer
4% * 2 = 8%
Add Question Here

Question 141

Essay

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question Copy equipment was acquired at the beginning of the year at a cost of $56,000 that has an estimated residual value of
$8,000 and an estimated useful life of 5 years. It is estimated that the machine has an estimated 1,000,000 copies. This year 240,000
copies were made. Determine the (a) depreciable cost, (b) depreciation rate, and (c) the units-of-production depreciation for the year.
Answer
(a)
$48,000
(b)
$0.048 per copy
(c)
$11,520 (240000*.048)
Add Question Here

Question 142

Essay

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question A machine costing $57,000 with a 6-year life and $3,000 residual value was purchased January 2, 2009. Compute the yearly
depreciation expense using straight-line depreciation.
Answer
($57,000 - $3,000) = $54,000 ÷ 6 years = $9,000 per year
Add Question Here

Question 143

Essay

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question A machine costing $85,000 with a 5-year life and $5,000 residual value was purchased January 2, 2009. Compute
depreciation for each of the five years, using the declining-balance method at twice the straight-line rate.
Answer
(1)
Year 1 $85,000 × .40 = $34,000
(2)
Year 2 $51,000 × .40 = $20,400
(3)
Year 3 $30,600 × .40 = $12,240
(4)
Year 4 $18,360 × .40 = $7,344
(5)
Year 5 $11,016 - 5,000 = $6,016
Add Question Here

Question 144

Essay

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question Computer equipment was acquired at the beginning of the year at a cost of $63,000 that has an estimated residual value of
$3,000 and an estimated useful life of 5 years. Determine the (a) depreciable cost (b) double-declining-balance rate, and (c) doubledeclining-balance depreciation for the first year.
Answer
(a) $60,000
(b) 40%
(c) $25,200 ($63,000 * 40%)
Add Question Here

Question 145

Essay

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question An asset was purchased for $58,000 and originally estimated to have a useful life of 10 years with a residual value of
$3,000. After two years of straight line depreciation, it was determined that the remaining useful life of the asset was only 2 years with
a residual value of $2,000. Calculate this year’s depreciation using the revised amounts and straight line method.
a) Determine the amount of the annual depreciation for the first two years.
b) Determine the book value at the end of the 2nd year.
c) Determine the depreciation expense for each of the remaining years after revision.
Answer
a) $5,500
b) $47,000
c) $22,500
Add Question Here

Question 146

Essay

0 points

Modify

Remove


Question Equipment was acquired at the beginning of the year at a cost of $75,000. The equipment was depreciated using the
straight-line method based upon an estimated useful life of 6 years and an estimated residual value of $7,500.
a)
b)

What was the depreciation for the first year?
Assuming the equipment was sold at the end of the second year for $59,000, determine the gain or loss on sale of the
equipment.
Journalize the entry to record the sale.

c)

a) $11,250
b) $6,500 Gain
c)
Cash
Accumulated Depreciation
Equipment
Gain on Sale of Asset

Answer

59,000
22,500
75,000
6,500
Add Question Here

Question 147

Essay

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question On the first day of the fiscal year, a new walk-in cooler with a list price of $52,000 was acquired in exchange for an old cooler
and $42,000 cash. The old cooler had a cost $24,000 and accumulated depreciation of $17,000.
a)
b)

Determine the cost of the new cooler for financial reporting purposes.
Journalize the entry to record the exchange.
a)
List price
Trade In
NBV of old cooler.
Unrealized gain
Cost of new truck

Answer

$52,000
10,000
7,000
3,000
$49,000

b)
Equipment (new)
Accum. Depreciation
Equipment
Cash

49,000
17,000
24,000
42,000
Add Question Here

Question 148

Essay

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question Solare Company acquired mineral rights for $60,000,000. The diamond deposit is estimated at 6,000,000 tons. During the
current year, 2,300,000 were mined and sold.
a.
b.
c.
Answer

Determine the depletion rate.
Determine the amount of depletion expense for the current year.
Journalize the adjusting entry to recognize the depletion expense.
a)
b)
c)

$10 per ton
$23,000,000
Dec 31

Depletion Expense
Accumulated Depletion
Depletion of mineral deposit

23,000,000
23,000,000
Add Question Here

Question 149

Essay

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question Falcon Company acquired an adjacent lot to construct a new warehouse, paying $30,000 and giving a short-term note for
$370,000. Legal fees paid were $11,425, delinquent taxes assessed were $12,000, and fees paid to remove an old building from the
land were $18,500. Materials salvaged from the demolition of the building were sold for $4,500. A contractor was paid $910,000 to
construct a new warehouse. Determine the cost of the land to be reported on the balance sheet and show your work.
Answer
Initial cost of land ($30,000 + $370,000)
$400,000
Plus:
Legal fees
11,425
Delinquent taxes
12,000
41,925
Demolition of building
18,500
$441,925
Less:
Salvage of materials
4,500
Cost of land
$437,425
Add Question Here

Question 150

Essay

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question Convert each of the following estimates of useful life to a straight-line depreciation rate, stated as a percentage, assuming
that the residual value of the fixed asset is to be ignored:
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
(6)
(7)
Answer

2 years
8 years
10 years
20 years
25 years
40 years
50 years
(1) 50% (1/2)
(2) 12.5% (1/8)
(3) 10% (1/10)
(4) 5% (1/20)
(5) 4% (1/25)
(6) 2.5% (1/40)
(7) 2% (1/50)
Add Question Here

Question 151

Essay

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question Prior to adjustment at the end of the year, the balance in Trucks is $250,900 and the balance in Accumulated DepreciationTrucks is $88,200. Details of the subsidiary ledger are as follows:
Truck No.
Cost
Estimated Residual
Estimated Useful Life
Accumulated Depreciation at
Miles Operated
Beginning of Year
Value
During Year
1
$100,000
$13,000
300,000
-30,000


2
3
4

72,900
38,000
90,000

9,900
3,000
13,000

300,000
200,000
200,000

$60,000
8,050
20,150

25,000
45,000
40,000

Required:
(1)
Determine the depreciation rates per mile and the amount to be credited to the accumulated depreciation section of
each of the subsidiary accounts for the miles operated during the current year.
(2)
Journalize the entry to record depreciation for the year.
(1)
Truck No.

Answer

Rate per Mile

1
2
3
4

Miles Operated

29.0 cents
21.0
17.5
38.5

Depreciation

30,000
25,000
45,000
40,000

$8,700
3,000*
7,875
15,400
34,975

Total

*Mileage depreciation of $5,250 (21 cents × 25,000) is limited to $3,000, which reduces the book value of the truck
to $9,900, its residual value.
(2)

Depreciation Expense—Trucks
Accumulated Depreciation—Trucks

34,975
34,975
Add Question Here

Question 152

Essay

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question Champion Company purchased and installed carpet in its new general offices on March 30 for a total cost of $18,000. The
carpet is estimated to have a 15-year useful life and no residual value.
a.

Prepare the journal entries necessary for recording the purchase of the new carpet.

b.

Record the December 31 adjusting entry for the partial-year depreciation expense for the carpet assuming that Champion
Company uses the straight-line method.
a.

Answer

b.

Mar.
Dec.

30
31

Carpet
Cash

18,000
18,000

Depreciation Expense
Accumulated Depreciation
Carpet depreciation
[($18,000/15 years) × 9/12].

900
900

Add Question Here

Question 153

Essay

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question Equipment acquired on January 2, 2009 at a cost of $273,500 has an estimated useful life of eight years and an estimated
residual value of $35,500.
Required:
(1)

What was the annual amount of depreciation for the years 2009, 2010, and 2011, assuming the straight-line method of
depreciation is used?

(2)

What was the book value of the equipment on January 1, 2012?

(3)

Assuming that the equipment was sold on January 2, 2012, for $170,500, journalize the entry to record the sale.

(4)

Assuming that the equipment had been sold on January 2, 2012, for $189,000 instead of $168,500, journalize the entry
to record the sale.

Answer

(1)

2009 depreciation expense: $29,750 [($273,500 – $35,500)/8]
2010 depreciation expense: $29,750
2011 depreciation expense: $29,750

(2)

$184,250 [$273,500 – ($29,750 × 3)]

(3)

Cash
Accumulated Depreciation—Equipment
Loss on Disposal of Fixed Assets
Equipment

170,500
89,250
13,750

Cash
Accumulated Depreciation—Equipment
Equipment
Gain on Disposal of Fixed Assets

189,000
89,250

(4)

273,500

273,500
4,750
Add Question Here

Question 154

Essay

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question Chasteen Company acquired mineral rights for $13,600,000. The mineral deposit is estimated at 80,000,000 tons. During
the current year, 13,750,000 tons were mined and sold.
Required:
(1)

Determine the amount of depletion expense for the current year.

(2)

Journalize the adjusting entry to recognize the depletion expense.

Answer

(1)
(2)

$13,600,000/80,000,000 tons = $0.17 depletion per ton
13,750,000 × $0.17 = $2,337,500 depletion expense
Depletion Expense
Accumulated Depletion
Depletion of mineral deposit.

2,337,500
2,337,500
Add Question Here

Question 155

Essay

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question Icon Company acquired patent rights on January 1, 2009 for $1,125,000. The patent has a useful life equal to its legal life of
15 years. On January 2, 2012, Icon successfully defended the patent in a lawsuit at a cost of $90,000.


Required:
(1)
Determine the patent amortization expense for the current year ended December 31, 2012.
(2)
Journalize the adjusting entry to recognize the amortization.
(1)

Answer

($1,125,000/15) + ($90,000/12) = $82,500 total patent expense
Amortization Expense—Patents
Patents
Amortized patent rights ($75,000 + $7,500).

(2)

82,500
82,500
Add Question Here

Question 156

Essay

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question The following information was taken from a recent annual report of Harrison Company:
2010
$726
595
94
760
894

Land and buildings
Machinery, equipment, and internal-use software
Office furniture and equipment
Other fixed assets related to leases
Accumulated depreciation and amortization

2009
$361
470
81
569
644

Required:
(1)

Compute the book value of the fixed assets for the 2010 and 2009 and explain the differences, if any.

(2)

Would you normally expect the book value of fixed assets to increase or decrease during the year?

Answer (1)

Property, Plant, and Equipment (in millions):

Land and buildings
Machinery, equipment, and internal-use software
Office furniture and equipment
Other fixed assets related to leases
Less accumulated depreciation
Book value

Current
Year

Preceding
Year

$726
595
94
760
$2,175
894
$1,281

$361
470
81
569
$1,481
644
$837

A comparison of the book values of the current and preceding years indicates that they increased. A comparison
of the total cost and accumulated depreciation reveals that Harrison purchased $694 million ($2,175 – $1,481) of
additional fixed assets, which was offset by the additional depreciation expense of $250 million ($894 – $644)
taken during the current year.
(2)

The book value of fixed assets should normally increase during the year. Although additional depreciation
expense will reduce the book value, most companies invest in new assets in an amount that is at least equal to
the depreciation expense. However, during periods of economic downturn, companies purchase fewer fixed
assets, and the book value of their fixed assets may decline.
Add Question Here

Question 157

Essay

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question The following are two independent situations.
1.

A tractor acquired on January 4 at a cost of $75,000 has an estimated useful life of 20 year. Assuming that it will have no
residual value, determine the depreciation for the tractor for each of the first two years, using the sum-of-the-years-digits
depreciation method. Round to the nearest dollar.

2.

A storage tank acquired at the beginning of fiscal year 2010 at a cost of $198,000, has an estimated residual value of
$18,000 and an estimated useful life of eight years. Based on this information, determine the depreciation for the storage
tank for each of the first two years using the sum-of-the-years-digits depreciation method. Round to the nearest dollar.

Answer

1.

First year: 20/210 × $75,000 = $7,143
Second year: 19/210 × $75,000 = $6,786

2.

2010: 8/36 × ($198,000 – $18,000) = $40,000
2011: 7/36 × ($198,000 – $18,000) = $35,000
Add Question Here

Question 158

Essay

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question On October 1, Sebastian Company acquired new equipment with a fair market value of $458,000. Sebastian received a
trade-in allowance of $92,000 on the old equipment of a similar type and paid cash of $366,000. The following information about the
old equipment is obtained from the account in the equipment ledger: Cost, $336,000; accumulated depreciation on December 31, the
end of the preceding fiscal year, $220,000; annual depreciation, $20,000. Assuming the exchange has commercial substance,
journalize the entries to record: (a) the current depreciation of the old equipment to the date of trade-in and (b) the exchange
transaction on October 1.
Answer
a.
Depreciation Expense—Equipment
15,000
Accumulated Depreciation—Equipment
15,000
Equipment depreciation ($20,000 × 9/12).
b.

Accumulated Depreciation—Equipment
Equipment
Loss on Exchange of Fixed Assets
Equipment
Cash

235,000
458,000
9,000
336,000
366,000
Add Question Here

Question 159

Essay

0 points

Modify

Question On December 31, Bowman Company estimated that goodwill of $80,000 was impaired. In addition, a patent with an
estimated useful economic life of 10 years was acquired for $252,000 on June 1.
Required:
(1) Journalize the adjusting entry on December 31 for the impaired goodwill.

Remove


(2) Journalize the adjusting entry on December 31 for the amortization of the patent rights.
Answer
(1)
Dec 31
Loss from impaired Goodwill
Goodwill
(2)

Dec 31

80,000
80,000

Amortization Expense - Patents
Patents

14,700
14,700

Amortized patent rights = [($252,000/10) × (7/12)] = $14,700
Add Question Here

Question 160

Essay

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question Identify each of the following expenditures as chargeable to (a) Land, (b) Land Improvements, (c) Buildings, (d) Machinery
and Equipment, or (e) other account.
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
(6)
(7)
(8)
(9)
(10)
(11)
(12)
(13)
(14)
(15)
(16)
(17)
(18)
(19)
(20)

Cost of paving parking area for employees and customers.
Insurance during construction of building.
Interest incurred on loan during construction of building.
Fee paid for installation of equipment.
Special foundation for new equipment acquired.
Insurance on new equipment while in transit.
Freight charges on new equipment.
Cost of repairing vandalism damage to equipment during installation.
Sales tax on new equipment.
Cost incurred in repairing damage resulting from installation of new equipment.
Cost of land fill for building site.
Cost of lubricating oil purchased for periodic oil changes for equipment.
Parking lot lighting.
Installing a fence around the parking lot.
Repainting the trim on a building.
Special assessment paid to city for extension of water main to property.
Cost of razing and removing the old building on property acquired for a building site.
Delinquent real estate taxes assumed by purchaser on property acquired for a building site.
Attorney's fee for title search.
Architect's fee for building plans and supervision of construction.
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)
(e)

Answer

11, 16, 17, 18, 19
1, 13, 14
2, 3, 20
4, 5, 6, 7, 9
8, 10, 12, 15
Add Question Here

Question 161

Essay

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question Identify the following as a Fixed Asset (FA), or Intangible Asset (IA), or Natural Resource (NR), or Neither (N)
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)
(e)
(f)
(g)

computer
patent
oil reserve
goodwill
U. S. Treasury note
land used for employee parking
gold mine
FA
IA
NR
N

Answer

(a) (f)
(b) (d)
(c) (g)
(e)
Add Question Here

Question 162

Essay

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question A number of major structural repairs completed at the beginning of the current fiscal year at a cost of $1,000,000 are
expected to extend the life of a building 10 years beyond the original estimate. The original cost of the building was $6,552,000, and it
has been depreciated by the straight-line method for 25 years. Estimated residual value is negligible and has been ignored. The
related accumulated depreciation account after the depreciation adjustment at the end of the preceding fiscal year is $4,550,000.
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)
(e)
(f)

What has the amount of annual depreciation been in past years?
What was the original life estimate of the building?
To what account should the $1,000,000 be debited?
What is the book value of the building after the extraordinary repairs have been made?
What is the expected remaining life of the building after the extraordinary repairs have been made?
What is the amount of straight-line depreciation for the current year, assuming that the repairs were completed at the very
beginning of the current year? Round to the nearest dollar.
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)
(e)
(f)

Answer

$182,000 ($4,550,000 ÷ 25)
36 years ($6,552,000 ÷ $182,000)
Accumulated Depreciation - Building
$3,002,000 ($6,552,000 + $1,000,000 - $4,550,000)
21 years (36 - 25 + 10)
$142,952 ($3,002,000 ÷ 21)
Add Question Here

Question 163

Essay

0 points

Modify

Question Journalize each of the following transactions:
(a)
(b)
(c)
Answer

A wing costing $1,250,000 was added to the building. A new mortgage was issued for the cost.
Equipment was upgraded to increase its capacity to produce widgets. The upgrade cost of $13,000 was paid in
cash.
A major overhaul costing $7,000 on a machine increased the useful life by 2 years. The payment was made in
cash.
(a)
(b)
(c)

Building
Mortgage Payable
Equipment
Cash
Accumulated Depreciation-Machinery

1,250,000
1,250,000
13,000
13,000
7,000

Remove


Cash

7,000
Add Question Here

Question 164

Essay

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question XYZ Co. incurred the following costs related to the office building used in operating its sports supply company:
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
f.
g.

Replaced a broken window.
Replaced the roof that had been on the building 23 years.
Serviced all the air conditioners before summer started.
Replaced the air conditioners with refrigerated air conditioners in the customer service areas.
Added a warehouse to the back of the building.
Repainted the interior walls.
Installed window shutters on all windows.

Classify each of the costs as a capital expenditure or a revenue expenditure. For those costs identified as capital expenditures, classify
each as an additional or replacement component.
Answer
a. Revenue expenditure
b. Capital expenditure, replacement
c. Revenue expenditure
d. Capital expenditure, replacement
e. Capital expenditure, additional
f. Revenue expenditure
g. Capital expenditure, additional
Add Question Here

Question 165

Essay

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question Equipment purchased at the beginning of the fiscal year for $360,000 is expected to have a useful life of 5 years, or 14,000
operating hours, and a residual value of $10,000. Compute the depreciation for the first and second years of use by each of the
following methods:
(a)
(b)
(c)

straight-line
units-of-production (1,200 hours first year; 2,250 hours second year)
declining-balance at twice the straight-line rate

(Round the answer to the nearest dollar.)
Answer
1st Year
(a)
$70,000 ($360,000 - 10,000) = 350,000 ÷ 5
(b)
$30,000 ($360,000 - 10,000) = ($350,000 ÷ 14,000 hours) = $25/hr × 1,200
(c)
$144,000 ($360,000 × .40)
(a)
(b)
(c)

2nd Year
$70,000 ($360,000 - 10,000) = 350,000 ÷ 5
$56,250 ($360,000 - 10,000) = ($350,000 ÷ 14,000 hours) = $25/hr × 2,250
$86,400 ($360,000 - 144,000) = 216,000 × .40
Add Question Here

Question 166

Essay

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question Machinery is purchased on July 1 of the current fiscal year for $240,000. It is expected to have a useful life of 4 years, or
25,000 operating hours, and a residual value of $15,000. Compute the depreciation for the last six months of the current fiscal year
ending December 31 by each of the following methods:
(a)
(b)
(c)

straight-line
declining-balance at twice the straight-line rate
units-of-production (used for 1,600 hours during the current year)

(Round the answer to the nearest dollar.)
Answer
(a)
$28,125 = ($240,000 - 15,000) = 225,000 ÷ 4 = 56,250 × 6/12
(b)
$60,000 = ($240,000 × .50) = $120,000 × 6/12
(c)
$14,400 = ($240,000 - 15,000) = ($225,000 ÷ 25,000 hours) = $9.00 × 1,600 hours
Add Question Here

Question 167

Essay

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question Determine the depreciation, for the year of acquisition and for the following year, of a fixed asset acquired on October 1 for
$500,000, with an estimated life of 5 years, and residual value of $50,000, using (a) the declining-balance method at twice the straightline rate and (b) the straight-line method. Assume a fiscal year ending December 31.
Answer
(a)
Year of acquisition: $50,000 = (500,000 × .40) = 200,000 × 3/12)
Following year:
$180,000 = ($500,000 - 50,000) = 450,000 × .40
(b)
Year of acquisition: $22,500 = ($500,000 - 50,000) = (450,000 ÷ 5) = 90,000 × 3/12
Following year:
$90,000 = ($500,000 - 50,000) = 450,000 ÷ 5
Add Question Here

Question 168

Essay

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question Equipment costing $80,000 with a useful life of 10 years and a residual value of $8,000 has been depreciated for 6 years by
the straight-line method. Assume a fiscal year ending December 31.
(a)
(b)
Answer

What is the book value at the end of the fifth year of use?
If early in the seventh year it is estimated that the remaining useful life is 5 years (instead of 4) and the residual value
is still $8,000, what is the amount of depreciation for the seventh year?
(a)
(b)

$36,800 ($80,000 - (80,000 - 8,000 = 72,000/10 = 7,200 × 6 = 43,200 ))
$5,760 ($36,800 - 8,000) ÷ 5
Add Question Here

Question 169

Essay

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question Golden Sales has bought $135,000 in fixed assets on January 1st associated with sales equipment. The residual value of
these assets is estimated at $10,000 after they service their 4 year service life. Golden Sales managers want to evaluate the options of
depreciation.
(a) Compute the annual straight-line depreciation and the provide the sample depreciation journal entry to be posted at the end of each
of the years.


(b) Write the journal entries for each year of the service life for these assets with 200% declining balance method.
Answer
(a)
Acquisition cost
Less residual value
Depreciable value
Divided by service life
Annual depreciation
Dec 31
(b)

Depreciation Expense Sales Equipment
Accumulated Depreciation - Sales Equipment

$135,000
10,000
$125,000
4 years
$31,250

31,250
31,250

1st year: Acquisition cost - $135,000 × 50% = $67,500 first year depreciation
2nd year: ($135,000 - $67,500) × 50% = $33,750 second year depreciation
3rd year: ($135,000-$67,500-$33,750) × 50% = $16,875 third year depreciation
4th year: $135,000-$67,500-$33,750-16,875-$10,000 residual value = $6,875 fourth year depreciation

1st year, Dec 31 Depreciation Expense - Sales Equipment
Accumulated Depreciation - Sales Equipment

67,500
67,500

2nd year, Dec 31 Depreciation Expense - Sales Equipment
Accumulated Depreciation - Sales Equipment

33,750

3rd year, Dec 31 Depreciation Expense - Sales Equipment
Accumulated Depreciation - Sales Equipment

16,875

4th year, Dec 31 Depreciation Expense - Sales Equipment
Accumulated Depreciation - Sales Equipment

6,875

33,750
16,875
6,875

Note: The depreciable value is $10,000 and this value is taken into account the computation of the final year of
depreciation.
Add Question Here

Question 170

Essay

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question On July 1st, Harding Construction purchases a bulldozer for $330,000. The equipment has a 9 year life with a residual value
of $15,000. Harding uses straight-line depreciation.
(a) Calculate the depreciation expense and provide the journal entry for the first year ending December 31st.
(b) Calculate the third year and provide the journal entry for the third year ending December 31st.
(c) Calculate the last year’s depreciation expense and provide the journal entry for the last year.
Answer
Annual depreciation is:
Acquisition cost
$330,000
Less residual value
15,000
Depreciable amount
315,000
Divided by service life in years
9
Annual depreciation
$35,000
(a) First year depreciation is $35,000 × (6/12) = $17,500 (July through December)
Dec 31st
Depreciation Expense
17,500
Accumulated Depreciation

17,500

(b) Journal entry for the third year. (It is also the same for all years other than the first and last year):
Dec 31st
Depreciation Expense
35,000
Accumulated Depreciation

35,000

(c) Last year depreciation is $35,000 × (6/12) = $17,500 (January through June)
Dec 31st
Depreciation Expense
Accumulated Depreciation

17,500

17,500
Add Question Here

Question 171

Essay

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question On July 1st, Hartford Construction purchases a bulldozer for $330,000. The equipment has a 9 year life with a residual value
of $15,000. Hartford uses units-of-production method depreciation and the bulldozer is expected to yield 22,500 operating hours.
(a) Calculate the depreciation expense per hour of operation.

(b) The bulldozer is operated 1,250 hours in the first year, 2,755 hours in the second year, and 1,225 hours in the third year of
operations. Journalize the depreciation expense for each year.
Answer
(a) Hourly depreciation is:
Acquisition cost
$330,000
Less residual value
15,000
Depreciable amount
315,000
Service life in hours
22,500
Hourly depreciation
$14

(b) First year - 1,250 hours × $14 per hour = $17,500
1st year
Depreciation Expense
Accumulated Depreciation

17,500

Second year - 2,755 hours × $14 per hour = $38,570
2nd year
Depreciation Expense
Accumulated Depreciation

38,570

Third year - 1,225 hours × $14 per hour = $17,150
3rd year
Depreciation Expense
Accumulated Depreciation

17,150

17,500

38,570

17,150
Add Question Here

Question 172

Essay

0 points

Modify

Remove


Question Eagle Country Club has acquired a lot to construct a clubhouse. Eagle had the following costs related to the construction:
Architects’ Fees
Construction Labor
Engineers’ Fees
Fences around building
Grading and leveling
Insurance costs incurred during construction
Interest on money borrowed for construction
Land
Building Materials
Sales Taxes
Trees and Shrubs

$25,000
80,000
15,000
9,000
10,000
7,000
5,000
37,000
237,000
6,000
6,000

Determine the cost of the Club House to be reported on the balance sheet.
Answer
Architects’ Fees
Construction Labor
Engineers’ Fees
Insurance costs incurred during construction
Interest on money borrowed for construction
Building Materials
Sales Taxes
Cost of Club House

$25,000
80,000
15,000
7,000
5,000
237,000
6,000
$375,000
Add Question Here

Question 173

Essay

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question A copy machine acquired with a cost of $1,410 has an estimated useful life of 4 years. It is also expected to have a useful
operating life of 13,350 copies. Assuming that it will have a residual value of $75, determine the depreciation for the first year by the
a.
straight-line method
b.
declining-balance method
c.
production method (4,500 copies were made the first year)
Answer

a.

Straight-line depreciation = (cost-estimated residual value)/ estimated life
Straight-line depreciation = (1,410-75)/4
Straight-line depreciation = $333.75 per year

b. Declining Balance Method = $705
Year
1

Book Value at
Beginning of Year
1,410

Cost
1,410

Rate
50%*

Depreciation
for Year
705

*Rate = (100%/Life) × 2
Rate = (1/4) × 2
Rate = 0.50
c.

Units-of-production = (cost-residual value) / estimated copies
Units-of-production = (1,410-75)/13,350
Units-of-production = $0.10 per copy
First year depreciation = $450.00 ($.10 × 4,500)
Add Question Here

Question 174

Essay

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question A copy machine acquired on March 1, 2009 with a cost of $1,410 has an estimated useful life of 3 years. Assuming that it
will have a residual value of $150, determine the depreciation for the first and second year by the straight-line method.
Answer
Straight-line depreciation = (cost-estimated residual value)/ estimated life
Straight-line depreciation = (705-75)/3
Straight-line depreciation = $420 per year
First year = 350 (420 / 12months * 10)
Second year = 420
Add Question Here

Question 175

Essay

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question A copy machine acquired on March 1, 2009 with a cost of $705 has an estimated useful life of 4 years. Assuming that it will
have a residual value of $125, determine the depreciation for the first year by the declining-balance method.
Answer
First year depreciation = $293.75 [352.50 x (10 /12)]
Year
1

Book Value at
Beginning of Year
705

Cost
705

Rate
50%*

Depreciation
for Year
352.50

*Rate = (100%/Life) × 2
Rate = (1/4) × 2
Rate = 0.50
Add Question Here

Question 176

Essay

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question Computer equipment (office equipment) purchased 6 1/2 years ago for $170,000, with an estimated life of 8 years and a
residual value of $10,000, is now sold for $60,000 cash. (Appropriate entries for depreciation had been made for the first six years of
use.) Journalize the following entries:
(a)
(b)
(c)
Answer

Record the depreciation for the one-half year prior to the sale, using the straight-line method.
Record the sale of the equipment.
Assuming that the equipment had been sold for $25,000 cash, prepare the entry for (b) above to record the sale.
(a)
(b)

Depreciation Expense-Office Equipment
Accumulated Depreciation-Office Equipment

10,000

Cash
Accumulated Depreciation-Office Equipment
Office Equipment
Gain on Sale of Fixed Assets

60,000
130,000

10,000

170,000
20,000


(c)

Cash
Accumulated Depreciation-Office Equipment
Loss on Disposal of Fixed Assets
Office Equipment

25,000
130,000
15,000
170,000
Add Question Here

Question 177

Essay

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question Machinery acquired at a cost of $80,000 and on which there is accumulated depreciation of $50,000 (including depreciation
for the current year to date) is exchanged for similar machinery. For financial reporting purposes, present entries to record the
disposition of the old machinery and the acquisition of new machinery under each of the following assumptions:
(a)
(b)

Price of new, $115,000; trade-in allowance on old, $4,000; balance paid in cash.
Price of new, $115,000; trade-in allowance on old, $34,000; balance paid in cash.
(a)

Answer

(b)

Accumulated Depreciation-Machinery
Machinery
Loss on Disposal of Fixed Assets
Machinery
Cash

50,000
115,000
26,000

Accumulated Depreciation-Machinery
Machinery
Machinery
Cash

50,000
111,000

80,000
111,000

80,000
81,000
Add Question Here

Question 178

Essay

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question Equipment acquired at a cost of $126,000 and a book value of $42,000. Journalize the disposal of the equipment under the
following independent assumptions.
a.
The equipment had no market value and was discarded.
b.
The equipment is sold for $54,000.
c.
The equipment is sold for $24,000.
d.
The equipment is traded-in for a similar asset. The list price of the new equipment is $63,000.
Journal
Post Ref
Date

Description

Debit

Credit

Answer
Journal
Post Ref
Date
a.

b.

c.

d.

Description
Loss on Disposal of Fixed Asset
Accumulated Depreciation - Equip
Equipment

Debit
42,000
84,000

Credit

126,000

Cash
Accumulated Depreciation - Equip
Equipment
Gain on Disposal of Fixed Asset

54,000
84,000

Cash
Accumulated Depreciation - Equip
Loss on Disposal of Fixed Asset
Equipment

24,000
84,000
18,000

Equipment (new Equipment)
Accumulated Depreciation - Equip
Equipment (old equipment)

42,000
84,000

126,000
12,000

126,000

126,000
Add Question Here

Question 179

Essay

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question Prepare the following journal entries and calculations:
(a)
(b)
(c)

A patent that was acquired for $410,000 at the beginning of the current year expires in 15 years and is expected to have value
for 4 years. Present the adjusting entry to amortize the patent for the current year.
Mineral rights on an ore deposit estimated at 4,000,000 tons of ore were acquired for $2,800,000. Present the adjusting entry
to record depletion for the current year, during which 350,000 tons of ore were removed.
Legal costs incurred to defend the rights that a patent provided were $60,000. At the time the patent had been in existence


for 5 years. Determine the amount to be amortized for the current fiscal year.
(a)

Answer

(b)

(c)

Amortization Expense-Patents
Patents
($410,000 ÷ 4)

102,500

Depletion Expense
Accumulated Depletion
(350,000 × $.70)

245,000

102,500

245,000

$4,000 ($60,000 ÷ 15)
Add Question Here

Question 180

Essay

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question Macon Co. acquired drilling rights for $7,500,000. The oil deposit is estimated at 37,500,000 gallons. During the current year,
3,000,000 gallons were drilled. Journalize the adjusting entry at December 31, 2009 to recognize the depletion expense.
Journal
Post Ref
Date

Description

Debit

Credit

Answer
Journal
Post Ref
Date
Dec 31

Description
Depletion Expense
Accumulated Depletion

Debit
600,000*

Credit
600,000

*Depletion rate = cost / estimated size
Depletion rate = 7,500,000/37,500,000
Depletion rate = .2
Depletion expense = depletion rate × quantity extracted
Depletion expense = .2 × 3,000,000
Depletion expense = $600,000
Add Question Here

Question 181

Essay

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question On July 1, 2010, Howard Co. acquired patents rights for $40,000. The patent has a useful life of 8 years and a legal life of 15
years. Journalize the adjusting entry on December 31, 2010 to recognize the amortization.
Journal
Post Ref
Date

Description

Debit

Credit

Answer
Journal
Post Ref
Date
Dec 31

Description
Amortization Expense
Patents

Debit
2,500

Credit
2,500
Add Question Here

Question 182

Essay

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question On December 31 it was estimated that goodwill of $65,000 was impaired. In addition, a patent with an estimated useful
economic life of 10 years was acquired for $60,000 on July 1.
a)
b)
Answer

Journalize the adjusting entry on December 31 for the impaired goodwill.
Journalize the adjusting entry on December 31 for the amortization of the patent rights.
a)
Loss from Impaired Goodwill
Goodwill
b)
Amortization Expense - Patents
Patents

65,000
65,000
3,000
3,000
Add Question Here

Question 183

Essay

0 points

Modify

Remove

Question Computer equipment was acquired at the beginning of the year at a cost of $66,000 that has an estimated residual value of
$3,000 and an estimated useful life of 5 years. Determine the depreciation expense for the five years using the sum-of-the-years-digits
depreciation method.
Answer
Year 1
(63,000*5/15)
21,000
Year 2
(63,000*4/15)
16,800
Year 3
(63,000*3/15)
12,600
Year 4
(63,000*2/15)
8,400
Year 5
(63,000*1/15)
4,200
Add Question Here



Tài liệu bạn tìm kiếm đã sẵn sàng tải về

Tải bản đầy đủ ngay

×