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Các dạng bị động đặc biệt

NHỮNG DẠNG BỊ ĐỘNG ĐẶC BIỆT

DẠNG 1: People say that ....
Dạng này câu chủ động của nó có dạng sau:
People/ they + say/ think/ believe... + (that) + S + V + O
Dạng này có 2 cách đổi sang bị động như sau:
Cách 1:
- Bước 1: Lấy chủ từ mệnh đề sau đem ra đầu câu
- Bước 2: Thêm (be) vào : (be) chia giống động từ say/ think....
-Bước 3: Lấy động từ say/ think.. làm P.P để sau (be)
- Bước 4: Lấy động từ mệnh đề sau đổi thành to INF. rồi viết lại hết phần sau động từ này.
LƯU Ý:
Nếu động từ trong mệnh đề sau trước thì so với say/ think.. thì bước 4 không dùng to INF mà
dùng: TO HAVE + P.P
Ví dụ 1: People said that he was nice to his friends.
-Bước 1: Lấy chủ từ mệnh đề sau đem ra đầu câu (he)
=> He....
- Bước 2: Thêm (be) vào: (be) chia giống động từ say/ think....
Said là quá khứ nên (be) chia thành was
=> He was...
- Bước 3: Lấy động từ say/ think.. làm P.P để sau (be)

P.P (cột 3) của said cũng là said:
=> He was said..
- Bước 4: Lấy động từ mệnh đề sau đổi thành to INF. rồi viết lại hết phần sau động từ này.
So sánh thì ở 2 mệnh đề, ta thấy said và was cùng là thì quá khứ nên đổi động từ mệnh đề sau
là was thành to be, viết lại phần sau (nice to his friends)
 He was said to be nice to his friends.
Ví dụ 2: People said that he had been nice to his friends.
3 bước đầu làm giống như ví dụ 1 nhưng đến bước 4 thì ta thấy said là quá khứ nhưng had been là
quá khứ hoàn thành (trước thì) nên ta áp dụng công thức to have + P.P (P.P của was là been)
=> He was said to have been nice to his friends.
DẠNG 2:
- Bước 1: Dùng IT đầu câu
- Bước 2: Thêm (be) vào : (be) chia giống động từ say/ think....
-Bước 3: Lấy động từ say/ think.. làm P.P để sau (be)
- Bước 4: Viết lại từ chữ that đến hết câu.
Ví dụ: People said that he was nice to his friends
- Bước 1: Dùng IT đầu câu
=> It....
- Bước 2: Thêm (be) vào : (be) chia giống động từ say/ think....
Said là quá khứ nên (be) chia thành was
=> It was...
- Bước 3: Lấy động từ say/ think.. làm P.P để sau (be)
P.P (cột 3) của said cũng là said:
=> It was said...
- Bước 4: Viết lại từ chữ that đến hết câu.
=> It was said that he was nice to his friends.


Rewrite the following sentences without changing their meaning.
1.

People know that cars pollute the environment.

It------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Cars -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------2.

People believe that the robber has worked in the bank.

It------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- The robber----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------3.

Many people believe that she is an honest person.



It------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- She ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------4.

They think that the president will arrive soon.

It------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- The president -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------5.

It is reported that many passengers died in the crash.

People------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Many passengers --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------6.

It is expected that the prices will rise again this month.

They--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- The prices ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------7.

It is proved that life doesn’t exist on the moon.

Scientists---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Life ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------8.

They say that he has passed the final exam with the best result.

It------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- He is ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------9.

He is said to have been in the army.

It------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- People say ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------10. It is believed that the man escaped in a stolen car.
People ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ The man ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------11. People say that he has been all over the world.
It------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- He -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------12. It is believed that the man is 108 years old.
People------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- The man ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------13.People believe that Omachi is from Quangnam.
It--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


 Omachi--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------14. They think that Danny can clean the floor.
It------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Danny----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------15. They thought that Nha had had her photos taken.
It------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Nha-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------4. People think that Omachi has been punished by the teacher.
It------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Omachi--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------5. They think Benam will attend the party.
It------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Benam---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------6. They said that Junbi found sick 2 weeks ago.
It------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Junbi-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------7. People believe that Leanh is suffering from something serious.
It------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Leanh----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------8. People say that four members have been dismissed from the class
It------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Four members -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------9. They believe Maiphuong has been feeding 4 dogs.
It------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Maiphuong ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------10. People think the government will build a supermarket here.
The government ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ It --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------11. People believed that fresh air was bad for sick people.
Fresh air---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- It --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------12. They say he is an agitated (xúc động) state.
He ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- It --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------13. We expect that the rate of inflation (lạm phát) will fall.
The rate of inflation-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- It --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------14. They say he is somewhere in Germany (nước Đức).
He ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- It ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


15. People rumoured that he was involved in the bank robbery.
He ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- It --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------16. People think that she died in a plane crash.
She --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- It --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------17. People believed that the earth was the centre of the universe (vũ trụ).
The earth-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- It --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------18. It is expected that the strike will end soon.
The strike ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- They expect---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------19. It is thought that the prisoner escaped by climbing over the wall.
The prisoner ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- People---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------20. It is reported that many people are homeless after the floods.
Many people --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- They -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------21. It is said that the man robbed the stone of $ 3,000 in cash.
The man --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- People---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------22. It is reported that the building was badly damaged by fire.
The building ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- They-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------23. It is said that the company is losing a lot of money.
The company --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- People---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------24. It is said that she works 16 hours a day.
She --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- They-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------25.People say that he is a good doctor.
He ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- It ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------26. Someone reports that the situation was under control.
The situation ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- It----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------27. Someone thinks that the company is planning a new advertising campaign .
The company ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- It-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


28. They expects that the soap opera will end next year.
The soap opera -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- It----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------29. People believe that he was killed by terrorists.
He ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- It----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------30. We all expect that Marta will pass her driving test.
Marta ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- It----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------31. Someone reported that the president had suffered from a heart attack.
The president ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- It----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------32. It is said that he speaks English very well.
He ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- People ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------33. Two people are reported to have been seriously injured in the accident.
They -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- It ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------34.The strike is expected to begin tomorrow.
People ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ It----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------35.Those dogs are supposed to be dangerous.
They -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- It----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------15. It is reported that the Great Wall in China was built in the late of 1400s.
The Great Wall in China -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- They -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------16. People believe that the robber has worked in the bank.
It------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- The robber ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------17. Many people believe that she is an honest person.
It------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- She-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------18. They think that the president will arrive soon.
It------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- The president-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------19. It is reported that many passengers died in the crash.
Many passengers ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


 People ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------20. It is expected that the prices will rise again this month.
The prices-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- They ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------21. They say that he has passed the final exam with the best result.
It------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- He -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------22. He is said to have been in the army.
People ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- It----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------30. It is believed that the man escaped in a stolen car.
The man --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- People ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------31. People say that he has been all over the world.
It------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- He -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------32.They told me that you were the best architect in this city.
It------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- You-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------33.She reported that the flowers were killed by frost.
It------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- The flowers --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------34.Some people inform me that the director is going to take a business trip to England.
It------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- The director --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------35.That officer announced that the meeting was delayed until next week.
It------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- The meeting --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------36.He discovered that this cotton was grown in Egypt.
It------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- This cotton ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------37.They promise that the performance will start on time.
It------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- The performance --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------38.He recommends that we should stay at the city center.
It------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- We -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------39.We believed that Alice would pass the driving test.


It------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Alice ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------40.The director notifies that all the workers will have to work extra hard this month.
It------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- All the workers ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------41.They have decided that the company will go to the beach together at the weekend.
It------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- The company ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------42.People think that Maradona is the best football player in the 20th century.
It------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Maradona ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------43.They find that the job is not suitable for a girl like her.
It------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- The job --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------44.The teacher explained that this powerful engine pulled the train.
It------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- This powerful engine ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------45.He told me that his football team had played well last season.
It-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------His football team -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------46.People believe that he worked very hard.
It------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- He -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------47. It is said that they work 14 hours a day.
They -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- People ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------48. Someone thinks that Lan will return tomorrow.
It------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Lan ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------49. People think that Lan is living near here.
It------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Lan ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------21. They think that she is hiding in the forest.
It------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- She ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------22. They said that she died of cancer
It------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- She -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------




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