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2015 ACCA f7 FR revision kit BPP

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ACCA Approved
Practice & Revision Kit

Look inside

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Paper F7
Financial Reporting

Practice & Revision Kit for exams
up to June 2015

Free access
to our Exam
Success site

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BPP House
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London W12 8AA
United Kingdom
T 0845 075 1100 (UK)
T +44 (0)20 8740 2211 (Overseas)
E Learningmedia@bpp.com
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For exams up to June 2015

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• Banks of questions on every syllabus area
• Answers with detailed guidance on approaching
 questions
• Three mock exams with full answers and guidance


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One of a suite of products supporting Paper F7
Financial Reporting, for use independently or as part
of a package, this Kit is targeted at ACCA’s exams up
to June 2015 and contains:

Practice & Revision Kit



Paper F7
Financial Reporting
This Kit provides material specifically for the practice
and revision stage of your studies for Paper F7
Financial Reporting that has been comprehensively
reviewed by the ACCA examining team. This
unique review ensures that the questions, solutions
and guidance provide the best and most effective
resource for practising and revising for the exam.

Financial Reporting

BPP Learning Media is dedicated to supporting aspiring business professionals
with top-quality learning material as they study for demanding professional
exams, often whilst working full time. BPP Learning Media’s commitment
to student success is shown by our record of quality, innovation and market
leadership in paper-based and e-learning materials. BPP Learning Media’s study
materials are written by professionally qualified specialists who know from
personal experience the importance of top-quality materials for exam success.

ACCA F7

ACCA approved content provider

ACCA APPROVED CONTENT PROVIDER

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PAPER F7

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FINANCIAL REPORTING

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BPP Learning Media is an ACCA Approved Learning Partner – content for the ACCA
qualification. This means we work closely with ACCA to ensure our products fully
prepare you for your ACCA exams.

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In this Practice and Revision Kit which is has been reviewed by the ACCA examination
team, we:
Discuss the best strategies for revising and taking your ACCA exams



Ensure you are well prepared for your exam



Provide you with lots of great guidance on tackling questions



Provide you with three mock exams.



Provide ACCA exam answers as well as our own for selected questions

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Our Passcard and i-Pass products also support this paper.

FOR EXAMS UP TO JUNE 2015

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First edition 2008
Eighth edition June 2014

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ISBN 9781 4727 1103 8
(previous ISBN 9781 4453 7996 8)

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e-ISBN 9781 4727 1167 0

BPP Learning Media Ltd
BPP House, Aldine Place
London W12 8AA

We are grateful to the Association of Chartered Certified
Accountants for permission to reproduce past
examination questions. The suggested solutions in the
practice answer bank have been prepared by BPP
Learning Media Ltd, except where otherwise stated.

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Published by

Printed in Singapore by

All our rights reserved. No part of this publication may be
reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted, in
any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical,
photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the prior
written permission of BPP Learning Media Ltd.

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British Library Cataloguing-in-Publication Data
A catalogue record for this book
is available from the British Library

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Ho Printing
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Changi South Industrial Estate
Singapore
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Your learning materials, published by BPP Learning
Media Ltd, are printed on paper obtained from traceable
sustainable sources.

©
BPP Learning Media Ltd
2014

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Contents

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Finding questions

Question index .................................................................................................................................................................. v

Helping you with your revision ..................................................................................................................... ix
Revising F7

Topics to revise................................................................................................................................................................. x
Question practice .............................................................................................................................................................. x
Passing the F7 exam ........................................................................................................................................................ xi
Exam information ............................................................................................................................................................ xii

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Questions and answers

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Questions..........................................................................................................................................................................3
Answers ..........................................................................................................................................................................97

Exam practice

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Mock exam 1

Questions ............................................................................................................................................................217

Plan of attack .......................................................................................................................................................227

Answers...............................................................................................................................................................228

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Mock exam 2

Questions ............................................................................................................................................................241

Plan of attack .......................................................................................................................................................255

Answers...............................................................................................................................................................256

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Mock exam 3 (Specimen paper)

Questions ............................................................................................................................................................269

Plan of attack .......................................................................................................................................................281

Answers...............................................................................................................................................................282

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Review form

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ACCA examiner's answers

Specimen paper...................................................................................................................................................293

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A note about copyright
Dear Customer

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What does the little © mean and why does it matter?

Your market-leading BPP books, course materials and e-learning materials do not write and update themselves.
People write them: on their own behalf or as employees of an organisation that invests in this activity. Copyright law
protects their livelihoods. It does so by creating rights over the use of the content.
Breach of copyright is a form of theft – as well as being a criminal offence in some jurisdictions, it is potentially a
serious breach of professional ethics.

Photocopying our materials is a breach of copyright
Scanning, ripcasting or conversion of our digital materials into different file formats, uploading them to
Facebook or emailing them to your friends is a breach of copyright

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With current technology, things might seem a bit hazy but, basically, without the express permission of BPP
Learning Media:

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You can, of course, sell your books, in the form in which you have bought them – once you have finished with
them. (Is this fair to your fellow students? We update for a reason.) Please note the e-products are sold on a single
user licence basis: we do not supply ‘unlock’ codes to people who have bought them second-hand.

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And what about outside the UK? BPP Learning Media strives to make our materials available at prices students can
afford by local printing arrangements, pricing policies and partnerships which are clearly listed on our website. A
tiny minority ignore this and indulge in criminal activity by illegally photocopying our material or supporting
organisations that do. If they act illegally and unethically in one area, can you really trust them?

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Question index
The headings in this checklist/index indicate the main topics of questions, but many questions cover several
different topics.
Each topic area begins with MCQs on the topic. Your exam will have 20 MCQs.
Examiner's answers. For the Mock exam 3 the examiner's answers can be found at the end of this Kit.

Page number

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Time

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Marks

allocation
Mins

Question

Answer

MCQs – conceptual framework

10

18

3

97

2

Lisbon (pilot paper amended)

15

27

4

97

3

Concepts (6/08 amended)

15

27

4

98

1

Part 2: The regulatory framework
4

6

MCQs – regulatory framework

11

5

100

27

5

100

27

6

101

10

18

7

103





8

103





9

105

30

54

10

108

30

54

12

111

30

54

13

114

20

36

15

119

5 Baxen (6/12 amended)

15

6

15

MCQs – presentation of published financial statements

8

Preparation question: Candel (12/08)

9

Preparation question: Dexon

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Part 3: Presentation of published financial
statements

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Regulatory framework (2.5 12/04 amended)

10 Highwood (6/11 amended)
11 Keystone (12/11 amended)

Part 4: Non-current assets
13 MCQs – non-current assets





17

120

15

27

18

121

15

27

18

122

8

14

20

125

18 Emerald (12/07 amended)

15

27

20

125

19 Dexterity (2.5 6/04 amended)

15

27

21

127

20 Darby (12/09)

15

27

22

128

15 Dearing (12/08 amended)

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16 Flightline (6/09 amended)

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14 Preparation question: Plethora plc

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12 Fresco (6/12 amended)

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Part 1: The conceptual framework

Part 5: Intangible assets

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17 MCQs – intangible assets

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Time

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Page number

Marks

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Question

Answer

21 MCQs – impairment of assets

12

22

23

130

22 Telepath (6/12)

15

27

24

131

14

26

133



26

133

27

27

134

27

28

136

18

29

138



30

138



30

138

12

22

32

141





33

142

30

54

34

142

33 MCQs – consolidated statement of profit or loss and OCI

8

14

36

146

34 Preparation question: Acquisition during the year





37

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Part 6: Impairment of assets

Part 7: Reporting financial performance
23 MCQs – reporting financial performance

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24 Preparation question: Partway (2.5 12/06 amended)



25 Tunshill (12/10)

15

26 Manco (12/10 amended)

15

10

28 Preparation question: Group financial statements



29 Preparation question with helping hands: Simple consolidation



30 MCQs – consolidated statement of financial position
31 Preparation question: Goodwill

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32 Pedantic (12/08 amended)

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Part 9: Consolidated statement of financial position

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27 MCQs – introduction to groups

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Part 8: Introduction to groups

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Part 10: Consolidated statement of profit or loss
and other comprehensive income





38

148

36 Viagem (12/12 amended)

15

27

39

151

30

54

40

152

38 MCQs – accounting for associates

10

18

43

156

39 Preparation question: Laurel





44

156

40 Preparation question: Tyson





47

158

41 Preparation question: Plateau (12/07 amended)





48

159

42 Paladin (12/11 amended)

30

54

50

162

37 Prodigal (6/11 amended)

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35 Preparation question: Pandar (12/09 amended)

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Part 11: Accounting for associates

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Finding questions

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Time

Page number

Marks

allocation
Mins

Question

Answer

18

32

52

165

14

54

166

27

55

166

27

55

167

27

56

169

14

57

170

27

58

171

20

18

59

173





61

174





62

175

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Part 12: Inventories and biological assets
43 MCQs –inventories and biological assets

44 MCQs – provisions, contingent liabilities and contingent assets

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45 Promoil (12/08)

15

46 Borough (12/11)

15

47 Shawler (12/12 amended)

15

Part 14: Financial instruments
8

49 Bertrand (12/11 amended)

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48 MCQs – financial instruments

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Part 13: Provisions, contingent liabilities and
contingent assets

50 MCQs - revenue
51 Preparation question: Derringdo
52 Preparation question: Contract
53 Preparation question: Beetie (pilot paper amended)

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54 Mocca (6/11 amended)

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Part 15: Revenue

55 Wardle (6/10 amended)

56 MCQs - leasing
57 Preparation question: Branch

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Part 16: Leasing

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63

176

15

27

63

178

15

27

64

179

10

18

65

181





66

182

15

27

66

183

59 MCQs – accounting for taxation

10

18

67

185

60 Preparation question: Julian





68

186





69

186

10

18

70

188

58 Fino (12/07 amended)

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Part 17: Accounting for taxation

61 Preparation question: Bowtock

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Part 18: Earnings per share
62 MCQs – earnings per share





71

189

64 Barstead (12/09 amended)

15

27

72

190

65 Rebound (6/11 amended)

15

27

72

192

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63 Preparation question: Fenton

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Time
Marks

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66 MCQs – analysing and interpreting financial statements

12

67 Preparation question: Victular (12/08)



68 Bengal (6/11 amended)

15

Page number
Question

Answer

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Part 19: Analysing and interpreting financial
statements

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74

194



75

194

27

77

196

25

79

198

27

80

198

27

81

199

8

14

83

201





84

202

30

54

87

205

10

18

89

209





90

209

15

27

91

210

78 MCQs – specialised, not-for-profit and public sector entities

10

18

92

211

79 Preparation question: Appraisal





93

212

69 MCQs – limitations of FSs and interpretation techniques

14

70 Waxwork (6/09)

15

71 Quartile (12/12 amended)

15

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Part 21: Statement of cash flows

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Part 20: Limitations of financial statements and
interpretation techniques

72 MCQs – statement of cash flows
73 Preparation question: Dickson

Part 22: Alternative models and practices
76 Preparation question: Changing prices
77 Update (2.5 6/03 part amended)

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75 MCQs – alternative models and practices

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74 Mocha (12/11)

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Mock exam 2

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Mock exam 1

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Part 23: Specialised not-for-profit and public sector
entities

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Mock exam 3 (Specimen paper)

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Helping you with your revision
BPP Learning Media – Approved Learning Partner – content

Tackling revision and the exam
Using feedback obtained from ACCA exam team review:

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As ACCA’s Approved Learning Partner – content, BPP Learning Media gives you the opportunity to use exam
team–reviewed revision materials. By incorporating the examination team’s comments and suggestions regarding
syllabus coverage, the BPP Learning Media Practice and Revision Kit provides excellent, ACCA-approved support
for your revision.



We look at the dos and don’ts of revising for, and taking, ACCA exams



We focus on Paper F7; we discuss revising the syllabus, what to do (and what not to do) in the exam, how to
approach different types of question and ways of obtaining easy marks

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Selecting questions
We provide a full question index to help you plan your revision.

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Making the most of question practice

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At BPP Learning Media we realise that you need more than just questions and model answers to get the most from
your question practice.
Our top tips included for certain questions provide essential advice on tackling questions, presenting
answers and the key points that answers need to include.



We show you how you can pick up easy marks on some questions, as we know that picking up all readily
available marks often can make the difference between passing and failing.



We include marking guides to show you what the examiner rewards.



We include comments from the examiners to show you where students struggled or performed well in the
actual exam.



We refer to the 2014 BPP Study Text (for exams up to June 2015) for detailed coverage of the topics
covered in questions.



In a bank at the end of this Kit we include the official ACCA answers to the Specimen paper. Used in
conjunction with our answers they provide an indication of all possible points that could be made, issues
that could be covered and approaches to adopt.

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Attempting mock exams

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There are three mock exams that provide practice at coping with the pressures of the exam day. We strongly
recommend that you attempt them under exam conditions. Mock exams 1 and 2 reflect the question styles and
syllabus coverage of the exam; Mock exam 3 is the Specimen paper.

Revising F7

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Revising F7
Topics to revise

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From December 2014 the F7 paper has a Section A with twenty MCQs. This gives the examiner greater scope to
examine the whole of the syllabus and bring in topics that do not feature in the longer questions. The MCQ section
accounts for 40% of the marks on the paper. So it is really not possible to pass this paper by only revising certain
topics.
The MCQ section will be followed by three long questions, which are most likely to be consolidations, accounts
preparation questions, statements of cash flows or interpretation of accounts, but questions on other areas of the
syllabus are also possible.

A consolidation question can be a statement of financial position or statement of profit or loss or both, and it may
include an associate, so be prepared for all of this. Therefore you must revise all the consolidation workings, and
you must know how to account for an associate. All questions are compulsory.

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A single company accounts preparation question allows the examiner to bring in more complex issues that he
would not test in the consolidation question. Make sure you can deal with finance leases, deferred tax, calculating
finance costs using the effective interest rate, prior period adjustments, discontinued operations and construction
contracts.

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Other possibilities are statements of cash flow or interpretation of accounts. You have studied both of these at
F3/FFA, so make sure you can do them well.

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Issues that could appear anywhere are non-current assets and impairment, intangible assets, EPS, provisions and
regulatory issues.

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There will be a certain amount of discussion in some of the questions, so be prepared to write about financial
reporting topics, such as the Conceptual Framework or specific accounting standards.

Question practice

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This is the most important thing to do if you want to get through. Many of the most up-to-date exam questions are
in this Kit, some of them amended to reflect the new exam format. Practise doing them under timed conditions,
then go through the answers and go back to the Study Text for any topic you are really having trouble with. Come
back to a question week later and try it again – you will be surprised at how much better you are getting. Be very
ruthless with yourself at this stage – you have to do the question in the time, without looking at the answer. This
will really sharpen your wits and make the exam experience less worrying. Just keep doing this and you will get
better at doing questions and you will really find out what you know and what you don’t know.

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Revising F7

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Passing the F7 exam

If you have honestly done your revision then you can pass this exam. What you must do is remain calm and tackle
it in a professional manner. The examiner stresses a number of points which you should bear in mind. These apply
particularly to the long questions.

You must read the question properly. Students often fail to read the question properly and miss some of the
information. Time spent reading the question a second time would be time well spent. Make yourself do this,
don’t just rush into it in a panic.



Workings must be clear and cross-referenced. If the marker can read and understand your workings they
can give you credit for using the right method, even if your answer is wrong. If your answer is wrong and
there are no workings, or they are illegible and incomprehensible, you will get no marks for that part of the
question.



Stick to the timings and answer all questions. Do not spend too long on one question at the expense of
others. The number of extra marks you will gain on that question will be minimal, and you could have at
least obtained the easy marks on the next question.



Do not neglect the short parts of the question. If you get a consolidation with a five-mark discussion topic at
the end, leave time for that last part. You can’t afford to throw away five marks.



Make sure you get the easy marks. If an accounts preparation question contains something that you are
unable to do, just ignore it and do the rest. You will probably only lose a few marks and if you start trying to
puzzle it out you might waste a lot of minutes.



Answer the question. In a discussion-type question you may be tempted to just write down everything you
know about the topic. This will do you no good. The marking parameters for these questions are quite
precise. You will only get marks for making points that answer the question exactly as it has been set. So
don’t waste your time waffling – you could be scoring marks somewhere else.

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Gaining the easy marks

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Note that you have 15 minutes reading time at the start of this exam, during which you are allowed to make notes
on the question paper. Use this to read the questions carefully and underline important points. Make note of any
points that occur to you which you may otherwise forget. Get really familiar with the paper and focus on what you
can do, not the bits you think you can't do.

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The first point to make is that you do not get any marks for just writing down the formats for a financial statement.
But, once you have put the formats down, you are then in a position to start filling in the numbers and getting the
easy marks. Also, correct formats will give you a guide so that you don’t miss things. For instance, it’s easy to
forget about the non-controlling interest in a group statement of profit or loss. So that’s a good place to start.

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Having put down the formats, then go through the workings and slot in the figures. Make sure you get in all the
ones you can do easily. Complicated parts are well worth doing if you are able to do them – there will be marks for
those. Complicated parts which you don’t know how to do are best left alone.

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If you have an interpretation question, you will not get many marks for just producing lots of ratios or restating
information you have already been given in the question. You have to be able to evaluate the information and see
what judgements can be made. So go through the information critically and see which ratios are actually relevant.
Then calculate them and say something sensible about them.

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Multiple choice questions

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Some MCQs are easier than others. Answer those that you feel confident about as quickly as you can. Come back
later to those you find more difficult. Read the multiple choice questions carefully. If you are really clear about what
is being asked then you will be less likely to fall for one of the distractors. If you really cannot do a question, guess
the answer and move on. You lose no marks for a wrong answer and you may even be right!

Revising F7

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Exam information
Format of the exam
All questions are compulsory.

Number of
marks
40

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Section A – 20 MCQs
Section B:
Question 1
Question 2
Question 3

15
15
30
100

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Time allowed: 3 hours plus 15 minutes reading time

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Questions

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B

A resource over which an entity has legal rights as a result of past events and from which
economic benefits are expected to flow to the entity

C

A resource controlled by an entity as a result of past events and from which future economic
benefits are expected to flow to the entity

D

A resource to which an entity has a future commitment as a result of past events and from
which future economic benefits are expected to flow from the entity
(2 marks)

Which one of the following would be classified as a liability?

Dexter's business manufactures a product under licence. In 12 months' time the licence
expires and Dexter will have to pay $50,000 for it to be renewed.

B

Reckless purchased an investment 9 months ago for $120,000. The market for these
investments has now fallen and Reckless's investment is valued at $90,000.

C

Carter has estimated the tax charge on its profits for the year just ended as $165,000.

D

Expansion is planning to invest in new machinery and has been quoted a price of $570,000.
(2 marks)

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Which one of the following would correctly describe the net realisable value of a two year old
asset?

(2 marks)

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The original cost of the asset less two years' depreciation
The amount that could be obtained from selling the asset, less any costs of disposal
The cost of an equivalent new asset less two years' depreciation
The present value of the future cash flows obtainable from continuing to use the asset

The Conceptual Framework identifies an underlying assumption in preparing financial statements.
This is:
A
B
C
D

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A
B
C
D
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A resource owned by an entity as a result of past events and from which future economic
benefits are expected to flow to the entity

Going concern
Materiality
Substance over form
Accruals

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3

A

(2 marks)

The Conceptual Framework identifies four enhancing qualitative characteristics of financial
information. For which of these characteristics is disclosure of accounting policies particularly
important?
Verifiability
Timeliness
Comparability
Understandability

(2 marks)

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A
B
C
D

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How does the Conceptual Framework define an asset?

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1 Multiple choice questions – conceptual framework

Questions

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2 Lisbon (pilot paper amended)

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(a)

27 mins

The qualitative characteristics of relevance, faithful representation, comparability and understandability
identified in the IASB's Conceptual Framework for Financial Reporting are some of the attributes that make
financial information useful to the various users of financial statements.
Required

(b)

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Explain what is meant by relevance, faithful representation, comparability and understandability and how
they make financial information useful.
(11 marks)
During the year ended 31 March 20X6, Lisbon experienced the following transactions or events.
(i)

Sold an asset to a finance company and leased it back for the remainder of its useful life.

(ii)

The company's statement of profit or loss prepared using historical costs showed a loss from
operating its shops, but the company is aware that the increase in the value of its properties during
the period far outweighed the operating loss.

Required

l.b

Explain how you would treat the items above in Lisbon's financial statements and indicate on which of the
Conceptual Framework's qualitative characteristics your treatment is based.
(4 marks)
(Total = 15 marks)

The IASB's Conceptual Framework for Financial Reporting requires financial statements to be prepared on
the basis that they comply with certain accounting concepts, underlying assumptions and (qualitative)
characteristics. Five of these are:

ate

(a)

ym

Matching/accruals
Going concern
Verifiability
Comparability
Materiality
Required

Briefly explain the meaning of each of the above concepts/assumptions.

(5 marks)

For most entities, applying the appropriate concepts/assumptions in accounting for inventories is an
important element in preparing their financial statements.

tud

(b)

27 mins

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3 Concepts (6/08 amended)

Required

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Illustrate with examples how each of the concepts/assumptions in (a) may be applied to accounting for
inventory.
(10 marks)
(Total = 15 marks)

4

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The process for developing an International Financial Reporting Standard involves a number of stages.
Following receipt and review of comments on a Discussion Paper, what will be the next step undertaken by
the IASB?
A
B
C
D

Publication of an Exposure Draft
Establishment of an Advisory Committee
Consultation with the Advisory Committee
Issue of a final IFRS

(2 marks)

Which one of the following would not be an advantage of adopting IFRS?

It would be easier for investors to compare the financial statements of companies with those of
foreign competitors.

B

Cross-border listing would be facilitated.

C

Accountants and auditors would have more defence in case of litigation.

D

Multinational companies could more easily transfer accounting staff across national borders.
(2 marks)

Which of the following statements regarding systems of regulation of accounting are true?
A principles-based system is more prescriptive than a rules-based system.

(ii)

A rules-based system will require more detailed regulations than a principles-based system.

(iii)

A principles-based system will tend to give rise to a larger number of accounting standards than a
rules-based system.

(iv)

A rules-based system seeks to cover every eventuality.

(v)

A rules-based system requires the exercise of more judgement in application than a principles –
based system.

A
B
C
D

(i) and (iii)
(ii) and (iv)
(i), (ii) and (v)
(iii), (iv) and (v)

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ria

(i)

(2 marks)

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3

A

l.b

2

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1

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4 Multiple choice questions – regulatory framework

5 Baxen (6/12 amended)

as

The US is currently contemplating the transition to IFRS. US GAAP is regarded by many in the US as the
'gold standard'. It is detailed and rules-based and in many cases industry-specific and there is a perception
among some that the adoption of IFRS will compromise the quality of financial reporting.
Required

(9 marks)

Baxen is a public listed company that currently uses local Accounting Standards for its financial reporting.
The board of directors of Baxen is considering the adoption of International Financial Reporting Standards
(IFRS) in the near future. The company has ambitious growth plans which involve extensive trading with
many foreign companies and the possibility of acquiring at least one of its trading partners as a subsidiary in
the near future.

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(b)

Explain in what ways IFRS differs from US GAAP, as described above.
Discuss the advantages that a country may gain from transitioning to IFRS.

ea

(i)
(ii)

cc

(a)

27 mins

Required

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Identify the advantages that Baxen could gain by adopting IFRS for its financial reporting purposes.
(6 marks)
(Total = 15 marks)
Questions

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5


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27 mins

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6 Regulatory framework (2.5 12/04 amended)

Historically financial reporting throughout the world has differed widely. The IFRS Foundation is committed to
developing, in the public interest, a single set of high quality, understandable and enforceable global accounting
standards that require transparent and comparable information in general purpose financial statements. The various
pronouncements of the IFRS Foundation are sometimes collectively referred to as International Financial Reporting
Standards (IFRS) GAAP.

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ea

cc

as

tud

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ate

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l.b

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Required
(a)
Describe the IFRS Foundation's standard setting process including how standards are produced, enforced
and occasionally supplemented.
(10 marks)
(b)
Comment on whether you feel the move to date towards global accounting standards has been successful.
(5 marks)
(Total = 15 marks)

6

Questions

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7 Multiple choice questions – presentation of published
financial statements

Which one of the following would not necessarily lead to a liability being classified as a current liability?
A
B
C
D

The liability is expected to be settled in the course of the entity's normal operating cycle.
The liability has arisen during the current accounting period.
The liability is held primarily for the purpose of trading.
The liability is due to be settled within 12 months after the end of the reporting period.

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1

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(2 marks)

Which one of the following would be shown in the 'other comprehensive income' section of the
statement of profit or loss and other comprehensive income?

Which of the following are not items required by IAS 1 Presentation of Financial Statements to be
shown on the face of the statement of financial position?

ria

(2 marks)

How does IAS 1 define the 'operating cycle' of an entity?

The time between acquisition of assets for processing and delivery of finished goods to
customers

ym

A

5

Inventories
Provisions
Government grants
Intangible assets

ate

A
B
C
D
4

(2 marks)

B

The time between delivery of finished goods and receipt of cash from customers

C

The time between acquisition of assets for processing and payment of cash to suppliers

D

The time between acquisition of assets for processing and receipt of cash from customers

tud

3

A revaluation gain on an investment property
Profit on sale of an investment
Receipt of a government grant
Gain on revaluation of a factory building

l.b

A
B
C
D

(2 marks)

Where are equity dividends paid presented in the financial statements?
As a deduction from retained earnings in the statement of changes in equity
As a liability in the statement of financial position
As an expense in profit or loss
As a loss in 'other comprehensive income'

(2 marks)

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cc

A
B
C
D

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2

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7


8 Preparation question: Candel (12/08)
The following trial balance relates to Candel at 30 September 20X8.

$'000
50,000
76,600

ate

Notes

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20,000

6,000

20,000
43,100

1,300
23,800
300,000

l.b

204,000
14,500
22,200
800
200
6,000
8,600

1

Non-current assets – tangible:

466,000

50,000
20,000
24,500
5,800
10,000
466,000

ym

The following notes are relevant.

$'000

24,600

ria

Leasehold property – at valuation 1 October 20X7 (Note 1)
Plant and equipment – at cost (Note 1)
Plant and equipment – accumulated depreciation at 1 October 20X7
Capitalised development expenditure – at 1 October 20X7 (Note 2)
Development expenditure – accumulated amortisation at 1 October 20X7
Closing inventory at 30 September 20X8
Trade receivables
Bank
Trade payables and provisions (Note 3)
Revenue (Note 1)
Cost of sales
Distribution costs
Administrative expenses (Note 3)
Preference dividend paid
Interest on bank borrowings
Equity dividend paid
Research and development costs (Note 2)
Equity shares of 25 cents each
8% redeemable preference shares of $1 each (Note 4)
Retained earnings at 1 October 20X7
Deferred tax (Note 5)
Leasehold property revaluation reserve

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tud

The leasehold property had a remaining life of 20 years at 1 October 20X7. The company's policy is to
revalue its property at each year end and at 30 September 20X8 it was valued at $43 million. Ignore deferred
tax on the revaluation.
On 1 October 20X7 an item of plant was disposed of for $2.5 million cash. The proceeds have been treated
as sales revenue by Candel. The plant is still included in the above trial balance figures at its cost of
$8 million and accumulated depreciation of $4 million (to the date of disposal).

Non-current assets – intangible:

cc

2

as

All plant is depreciated at 20% per annum using the reducing balance method. Depreciation and
amortisation of all non-current assets is charged to cost of sales.

ea

In addition to the capitalised development expenditure (of $20 million), further research and development
costs were incurred on a new project which commenced on 1 October 20X7. The research stage of the new
project lasted until 31 December 20X7 and incurred $1·4 million of costs. From that date the project incurred
development costs of $800,000 per month. On 1 April 20X8 the directors became confident that the project
would be successful and yield a profit well in excess of its costs. The project is still in development at
30 September 20X8.

Candel is being sued by a customer for $2 million for breach of contract over a cancelled order. Candel has
obtained legal opinion that there is a 20% chance that Candel will lose the case. Accordingly Candel has
provided $400,000 ($2 million  20%) included in administrative expenses in respect of the claim. The
unrecoverable legal costs of defending the action are estimated at $100,000. These have not been provided
for as the legal action will not go to court until next year.

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Capitalised development expenditure is amortised at 20% per annum using the straight-line method. All
expensed research and development is charged to cost of sales.

8

Questions

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The preference shares were issued on 1 April 20X8 at par. They are redeemable at a large premium which
gives them an effective finance cost of 12% per annum.

5

The directors have estimated the provision for income tax for the year ended 30 September 20X8 at
$11.4 million. The required deferred tax provision at 30 September 20X8 is $6 million.

Required
Prepare the statement of profit or loss and other comprehensive income for the year ended
30 September 20X8.

(b)

Prepare the statement of changes in equity for the year ended 30 September 20X8.

(c)

Prepare the statement of financial position as at 30 September 20X8.

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(a)

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4

Note. Notes to the financial statements are not required.

9 Preparation question: Dexon

185,000
180,500
12,500
378,000

ria

ASSETS
Non-current assets
Property at valuation (land $20,000; buildings $165,000 (Note 2)
Plant (Note 2)
Financial assets at fair value through profit or loss at 1 April 20X7 (Note 3)

l.b

Below is the summarised draft statement of financial position of Dexon, a publicly listed company, as at
31 March 20X8.
$'000
$'000
$'000

ate

Current assets
Inventory
Trade receivables (Note 4)
Bank
Total assets

ym

84,000
52,200
3,800

250,000
40,000
18,000
12,300
96,700

109,000

as

tud

EQUITY AND LIABILITIES
Equity
Ordinary shares of $1 each
Share premium
Revaluation surplus
Retained earnings – At 1 April 20X7
– For the year ended 31 March 20X8

cc

Non-current liabilities
Deferred tax – at 1 April 20X7 (Note 5)
Current liabilities
Total equity and liabilities
Notes

140,000
518,000

167,000
417,000
19,200
81,800
518,000

The non-current assets have not been depreciated for the year ended 31 March 20X8.
Dexon has a policy of revaluing its land and buildings at the end of each accounting year. The values in the
above statement of financial position are as at 1 April 20X7 when the buildings had a remaining life of 15
years. A qualified surveyor has valued the land and buildings at 31 March 20X8 at $180 million.

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2

Dexon's statement of profit or loss includes $8 million of revenue for credit sales made on a 'sale or return'
basis. At 31 March 20X8, customers who had not paid for the goods, had the right to return $2.6 million of
them. Dexon applied a mark up on cost of 30% on all these sales. In the past, Dexon's customers have
sometimes returned goods under this type of agreement.

/fr
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1

ea

The following information is relevant.

Plant is depreciated at 20% on the reducing balance basis.
Questions

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9


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The financial assets at fair value through profit and loss are held in a fund whose value changes directly in
proportion to a specified market index. At 1 April 20X7 the relevant index was 1,200 and at 31 March 20X8 it
was 1,296.

4

In late March 20X8 the directors of Dexon discovered a material fraud perpetrated by the company's credit
controller that had been continuing for some time. Investigations revealed that a total of $4 million of the
trade receivables as shown in the statement of financial position at 31 March 20X8 had in fact been paid and
the money had been stolen by the credit controller. An analysis revealed that $1.5 million had been stolen in
the year to 31 March 20X7 with the rest being stolen in the current year. Dexon is not insured for this loss
and it cannot be recovered from the credit controller, nor is it deductible for tax purposes.

5

During the year the company's taxable temporary differences increased by $10 million of which $6 million
related to the revaluation of the property. The deferred tax relating to the remainder of the increase in the
temporary differences should be taken to profit or loss. The applicable income tax rate is 20%.

6

The above figures do not include the estimated provision for income tax on the profit for the year ended
31 March 20X8. After allowing for any adjustments required in items 1 to 4, the directors have estimated the
provision at $11.4 million (this is in addition to the deferred tax effects of item 5).

7

On 1 September 20X7 there was a fully subscribed rights issue of one new share for every four held at a
price of $1.20 each. The proceeds of the issue have been received and the issue of the shares has been
correctly accounted for in the above statement of financial position.

8

In May 20X7 a dividend of 4 cents per share was paid. In November 20X7 (after the rights issue in item 7
above) a further dividend of 3 cents per share was paid. Both dividends have been correctly accounted for in
the above statement of financial position.

ria

l.b

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3

Required
(a)
(b)
(c)

ate

Taking into account any adjustments required by items 1 to 8 above:

Prepare a statement showing the recalculation of Dexon's profit for the year ended 31 March 20X8
Prepare the statement of changes in equity of Dexon for the year ended 31 March 20X8
Redraft the statement of financial position of Dexon as at 31 March 20X8

ym

Note. Notes to the financial statements are not required.

10 Highwood (6/11 amended)

54 mins

tud

The following trial balance relates to Highwood at 31 March 20X6:
$'000

ea

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10

$'000
56,000
1,400
30,000

75,000
74,500
10,000
24,500
800
2,600

cc

as

Equity shares of 50 cents each
Retained earnings (Note 1)
8% convertible loan note (Note 2)
Freehold property – at cost 1 April 20X0 (land element $25 million (Note 3)
Plant and equipment – at cost
Accumulated depreciation – 1 April 20X5 – building
– plant and equipment
Current tax (Note 4)
Deferred tax (Note 4)
Inventory – 4 April 20X6 (Note 5)
Trade receivables
Bank
Trade payables
Revenue
Cost of sales
Distribution costs
Administrative expenses (Note 6)
Loan interest paid (Note 2)

36,000
47,100
11,500
24,500
339,650
207,750
27,500
30,700
__ 2,400
500,950

Questions

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__
500,950


http://freeaccastudymaterial.blogspot.com/

co
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Notes
The following notes are relevant.

An equity dividend of 5 cents per share was paid in November 20X5 and charged to retained earnings.

2

The 8% $30 million convertible loan note was issued on 1 April 20X5 at par. Interest is payable annually in
arrears on 31 March each year. The loan note is redeemable at par on 31 March 20X8 or convertible into
equity shares at the option of the loan note holders on the basis of 30 equity shares for each $100 of loan
note. Highwood's finance director has calculated that to issue an equivalent loan note without the conversion
rights it would have to pay an interest rate of 10% per annum to attract investors.

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1

The present value of $1 receivable at the end of each year, based on discount rates of 8% and 10% are:
8%
0.93
0.86
0.79

End of year 1
2
3
3

10%
0.91
0.83
0.75

Non-current assets:

ria

l.b

On 1 April 20X5 Highwood decided for the first time to value its freehold property at its current value. A
qualified property valuer reported that the market value of the freehold property on this date was $80 million,
of which $30 million related to the land. At this date the remaining estimated life of the property was 20
years. Highwood does not make a transfer to retained earnings in respect of excess depreciation on the
revaluation of its assets.
Plant is depreciated at 20% per annum on the reducing balance method.
All depreciation of non-current assets is charged to cost of sales.

The balance on current tax represents the under/over provision of the tax liability for the year ended
31 March 20X5. The required provision for income tax for the year ended 31 March 20X6 is $19.4 million.
The difference between the carrying amounts of the net assets of Highwood (including the revaluation of the
property in Note 3 above) and their (lower) tax base at 31 March 20X6 is $27 million. Highwood's rate of
income tax is 25%.

5

The inventory of Highwood was not counted until 4 April 20X6 due to operational reasons. At this date its
value at cost was $36 million and this figure has been used in the cost of sales calculation above. Between
the year end of 31 March 20X6 and 4 April 20X6, Highwood received a delivery of goods at a cost of
$2.7 million and made sales of $7.8 million at a mark-up on cost of 30%. Neither the goods delivered nor
the sales made in this period were included in Highwood's purchases (as part of cost of sales) or revenue in
the above trial balance.

6

On 31 March 20X6 Highwood factored (sold) trade receivables with a book value of $10 million to
Easyfinance. Highwood received an immediate payment of $8.7 million and will pay Easyfinance 2% per
month on any uncollected balances. Any of the factored receivables outstanding after six months will be
refunded to Easyfinance. Highwood has derecognised the receivables and charged $1.3 million to
administrative expenses. If Highwood had not factored these receivables it would have made an allowance of
$600,000 against them.

cc

as

tud

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ate

4

Required

Prepare the statement of profit or loss and other comprehensive income for Highwood for the year ended
31 March 20X6.
(11 marks)

(b)

Prepare the statement of changes in equity for Highwood for the year ended 31 March 20X6.

(c)

Prepare the statement of financial position of Highwood as at 31 March 20X6.

(d)

Prepare the basic and diluted EPS of Highwood for the year ended 31 March 20X6.

/fr
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ea

(a)

(4 marks)
(10 marks)

(5 marks)
(Total = 30 marks)

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Note. Apart from EPS your answers and workings should be presented to the nearest $1,000; notes to the financial
statements are not required.

Questions

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11


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11 Keystone (12/11 amended)
The following trial balance relates to Keystone at 30 September 20X1:
$'000

Notes

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800

50,000
44,500

10,000
14,500

ria

l.b

18,000
46,700
33,550

521,700

27,800
2,300
50,000
33,600
2,700
521,700

ym

The following notes are relevant:

$'000
380,000

64,000
124,000
80,000
14,200
46,400
350

ate

Revenue (Note 1)
Material purchases (Note 2)
Production labour (Note 2)
Factory overheads (Note 2)
Distribution costs
Administrative expenses (Note 3)
Finance costs
Investment income
Leased property – at cost (Note 2)
Plant and equipment – at cost (Note 2)
Accumulated amortisation/depreciation at 1 October 20X0
– leased property
– plant and equipment
Financial asset: equity investments (Note 5)
Inventory at 1 October 20X0
Trade receivables
Trade payables
Bank
Equity shares of 20 cents each
Retained earnings at 1 October 20X0
Deferred tax (Note 6)

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54 mins

Revenue includes goods sold and despatched in September 20X1 on a 30-day right of return basis. Their
selling price was $2.4 million and they were sold at a gross profit margin of 25%. Keystone is uncertain as
to whether any of these goods will be returned within the 30-day period.

2

Non-current assets:

tud

1

as

During the year Keystone manufactured an item of plant for its own use. The direct materials and labour
were $3 million and $4 million respectively. Production overheads are 75% of direct labour cost and
Keystone determines the final selling price for goods by adding a mark-up on total cost of 40%. These
manufacturing costs are included in the relevant expense items in the trial balance. The plant was completed
and put into immediate use on 1 April 20X1.

cc

All plant and equipment is depreciated at 20% per annum using the reducing balance method with time
apportionment in the year of acquisition.

/fr
e

ea

The directors decided to revalue the leased property in line with recent increases in market values. On
1 October 20X0 an independent surveyor valued the leased property at $48 million, which the directors have
accepted. The leased property was being amortised over an original life of 20 years which has not changed.
Keystone does not make a transfer to retained earnings in respect of excess amortisation. The revaluation
gain will create a deferred tax liability (see Note 6).
All depreciation and amortisation is charged to cost of sales. No depreciation or amortisation has yet been
charged on any non-current asset for the year ended 30 September 20X1.

On 15 August 20X1, Keystone's share price stood at $2.40 per share. On this date Keystone paid a dividend
(included in administrative expenses) that was calculated to give a dividend yield of 4%.

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3
4

12

The inventory on Keystone's premises at 30 September 20X1 was counted and valued at cost of
$54.8 million.

Questions

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