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Cách dùng because và because of

Preparing date: 03/11/2013

Teaching date: 04/11/2013

Period: 12

Because and Because Of
* Because + reason (bởi vì, do, nguyên nhân)
* Because + clause
Ex: we cancelled our flight because the weather was bad.
Because of + noun/noun phrase
Ex: we cancelled our flight because of the bad weather.
- Sau because là 1 mệnh đề, câu còn sau because of thì mệnh đề đó đã được rút gọn
chỉ còn 1 danh từ hay 1 cụm danh từ.
Ex: He crashed his car because he was driving too fast
He can't drive because of his illness
Các công thức biến đổi từ mệnh đề sang cụm từ như sau:
1) Nếu chủ từ 2 mệnh đề giống nhau:
- Bỏ chủ từ ,động từ thêm ING .
Because Tom got up late, he got to school on time.
=> Because of getting up late, Tom got to school on time.

1) Nếu chủ từ là danh từ + be + tính từ
- Đem tính từ đặt trứoc danh từ ,bỏ to be
Because the rain is heavy,.......
=> Because of the heavy rain, ......
3) Nếu chủ từ là đại từ + be + tính từ :
- Đổi đại từ thành sỡ hửu ,đổi tính từ thành danh từ ,bỏ be
Because He was sick,........
=> Because of his sickness,.......
4) Nếu chủ từ là đại từ + động từ + trạng từ
- Đổi đại từ thành sở hữu, động từ thành danh từ ,trạng từ thành tính từ đặt trước
danh từ
Because He behaved impolitely,.....


=> Because of his impolite behavior,.........
5) Nếu câu có dạng : there be + danh từ Hoặc : S + have + N
- Thì bỏ there be
Because there was an accident,.....
=> Because of an accident,
________________________________________
Exercise 1:
1.We stopped playing tennis ....... the rain
2.It was all ........ her that we got into trouble
3.We had to hurry indoors ...... it was raining
4.I am late ....... the traffic
5.We didn't arrive until seven o'clock ........ the traffic was terrible
6.She found the exam easy ........ She had worked hard during the course
7.He can't drive........ His illness
8.The restaurant closed down........ the recession
9.He found working in Japan very difficult ......... the language problem
10.He's very difficult to understand ......... his accent
11.They moved to Liverpool ......... her job
12.There have been a lot of problems in Britain ........ Mad cow disease
13.They came to London........ He got a job there
14.He crashed his car........ He was driving too fast
15.He lost his driving license ......... he was convicted of drinking and driving
16.She could only eat a salad in the restaurant ...... she is a vegetarian
17.The newspaper was prosecuted........ an article about the Government
Key :
1.We stopped playing tennis because of the rain


2.It was all because of her that we got into trouble
3.We had to hurry indoors because it was raining
4.I am late because of the traffic
5.We didn't arrive until seven o'clock because the traffic was terrible
6.She found the exam easy because she had worked hard during the course
7.He can't drive because of his illness


8.The restaurant closed down because of the recession
9.He found working in Japan very difficult because of the language problem
10.He's very difficult to understand because of his accent
11.They moved to Liverpool because of her job
12.There have been a lot of problems in Britain because of mad cow disease
13.They came to London because he got a job there
14.He crashed his car because he was driving too fast
15.He lost his driving licence because he was convicted of drinking and driving
16.She could only eat a salad in the restaurant because she is a vegetarian
17.The newspaper was prosecuted because of an article about the Government
Exercise 2: Viết lại câu không thay đổi nghĩa:
1) Many people began to wearing jeans because they were cheap.
=> Because of the cheapness of jeans, many people began to wearing them
2 ) Since he was careless, Tom lost the game.
=> Because of Tom's carelessness, he lost the game
3) Because she behaves well, no one loves her.
=> Because of her good behavior, no one loves her
4) Because of the cold weather, the crops are late this year.
=> Because the weather is cold, the crops are late this year
5) Mary was worried because Tom was late.
=> Because of Tom's lateness, Mary was worried
6) Tom walked slowly because his leg was bad.
=> Because of Tom's bad leg, he walked slowly
7) I came here because I want the English course.
=> Because of wanting the English course, I came here
8) I went to school although it was hot.
=> Despite the hot weather, I went to school
9) Because of the dust in the room, I can't go in.
=> Because there is the dust in the room, I can't go in.
10) Because of too much smoke, we have to wear masks .
=> Because there is a lot of smoke, we have to wear masks
11) Mary could not go to school because she was sick.
Because of being sick, Mary couldn't go to school.
12) Because there was a big storm, I stayed at home.
=> Because of a big storm, I stayed at home



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