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PROJECT: ROYAL HOTEL ĐH Xây Dựng

PROJECT: ROYAL HOTEL

FINAL PROJECT

Mục lục

Mục lục.........................................................................................................................1
PART I.......................................................................................................................... 5
ARCHITECTURE........................................................................................................5
( 10% ).......................................................................................................................... 5
INTRODUCTION........................................................................................................7
...................................................................................................................................................................... 7
FIGURE 1-1 : MASTER PLAN................................................................................................................................ 7

ARCHITECTURAL AND TECHNICAL SOLUTION OF THE BUILDING..............8
2.1 DESIGN OF STOREYS PLAN................................................................................................................................ 8
THE FUNCTIONS OF THE STOREYS ARE DIVIDED REASONABLY AND PLAINLY.......................................................................8
STOREY 1 : INSISTING OF PARKING AREA FOR CAR AND MOTORBIKE , TECHNICAL ROOM, SECURITY ROOM.....................8
STOREY 2 : THE MAIN LARGE LOBBY IS THE WELCOMING PLACE OF GUESTS WHO USE OFFICE AND SERVICES, ONE LARGE
DINNING ROOM , ONE SMALL DINNING ROOM …THERE ARE ALSO FUNCTIONAL ROOMS : TOILETS WAREHOUSES AND SECURITY
ROOM ............................................................................................................................................................. 8

STOREY 3 : ALL AREA FOR WORKING : LARGE MEETING ROOM , SMALL METTING ROOM AND OTHER WORKING ROOMS.. .8
STOREY 4 – 10 : INSISTING OF MANY BEDROOMS FOR GUESTS, FUNCTIONAL ROOMS : LIVING ROOM , TOILETS,
BALCONYS......................................................................................................................................................... 8
ROOF STOREY : ELEVATOR TECHNICAL ROOM , WATER TANK ...............................................................................8
............................................................................................................................................................... 9

TECHNICAL AND INFRASTRUCTURE SOLTION...............................................18
PART 2........................................................................................................................ 20
1. SELECTING STRUCTURAL SOLUTIONS........................................................21
2. TWO-DIMENSIONAL FRAME DESIGN DIAGRAM.........................................40
3. DETERMINING LOAD APPLYING ON FRAME...............................................42
...................................................................................................................................................................102
1.4 Design document of building:.........................................................................................................111
2.Selection.................................................................................................................................................112
3.Material.................................................................................................................................................112
4. Preliminary dimension of pile................................................................................................................112
4.
Loading capacity of piles determination:........................................................................................114
7.
Determination of number and arrangement of piles......................................................................116
7.1 Load distributing on each pile........................................................................................................118
Foundation beam system..........................................................................................................................132

PART III....................................................................................................................133
CONSTRUCTION....................................................................................................133
1.4

. Calculation of steel formwork.......................................................................................................139

Student: NGUYEN HONG TRUONG – Class: 57XE2

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1.5 CALCULATION OF WORKLOAD AND LABOR...........................................................................................141
1.6. DESIGN CONSTRUCTION METHOD.......................................................................................................144


1.6.1
. Foundation construction..........................................................................................................144
1.6.2
Ground floor construction:.........................................................................................................147
1.6.3
. Massive volume concrete pouring method..............................................................................148
2
CONSTRUCTION MACHINES...............................................................................................................149
2.1 Tower crane.........................................................................................................................................149
2.2 Static concrete pump......................................................................................................................151
2.3 Concrete truck.................................................................................................................................152
2.4 Vibrator...........................................................................................................................................152

5. SUPERSTRUCTURAL CONSTRUCTION........................................................153
5.1

5.5

PRELIMINARY METHOD FOR SUPERSTRUCTUREAL CONSTRUCTION..................................................153
5.1.1 . Basic parameters............................................................................................................................153
5.2 Design formwork for column..........................................................................................................155
5.3 Design formwork for beam.............................................................................................................157
5.4 Core-wall formwork........................................................................................................................163
5.4.2.2 Design formwork for slab...........................................................................................................167

GENERAL CONSTRUCTION METHOD...................................................172

5.5.2
COLUMNS CONSTRUCTION................................................................................................................. 173
5.5.2.1 Surveying and positioning work.................................................................................................173
5.5.2.2 Reinforcing work........................................................................................................................173
5.5.2.3 Installing column formwork.......................................................................................................174
5.5.2.4 Concrete work............................................................................................................................174
5.5.2.5 Uninstall formwork (removal)....................................................................................................175
5.5.3
BEAMS AND SLAB CONSTRUCTION....................................................................................................... 175
5.5.3.1 Installing formwork....................................................................................................................175
5.5.3.2 Reinforcing work........................................................................................................................176
5.5.3.3 Concrete work............................................................................................................................177
5.5.3.4 Curing concrete..........................................................................................................................179
5.5.3.5 Uninstall formwork (removal)....................................................................................................179
5.5.3.6 Defects rectification...................................................................................................................180
5.5.3.7 Staircase construction................................................................................................................181
5.5.4
CALCULATION WORK VOLUME............................................................................................................ 181
5.5.4.1 Calculation of concrete volume.................................................................................................181
5.5.4.2 Choose construction machines..................................................................................................190
5.5.5
4.3.2. Static concrete pump.......................................................................................................192
5.5.6
4.3.3. Concrete truck..................................................................................................................193
5.5.7
CONSTRUCTION METHOD OF FINISHING TASK......................................................................................... 196
5.5.7.1 Brick up wall...............................................................................................................................196
5.5.7.2 Plastering...................................................................................................................................197
5.5.7.3 Gypsum wall...............................................................................................................................197
5.5.7.4 Screed concrete layer.................................................................................................................197
5.5.7.5 Tiling..........................................................................................................................................197
5.5.7.6 Waterproof layer.......................................................................................................................197
5.5.7.7 Electricity and water task..........................................................................................................197

CONSTRUCTION SCHEDULE..............................................................................198
CONSTRUCTION SITE LAYOUT..........................................................................201
DEFINE THE QUANTITY OF MATERIALS NEEDED FOR STORAGE....................................................................................201
DESIGN TEMPORARY HOUSES AND TEMPORARY OFFICES.......................................................................................... 203
DESIGN WATER SUPPLY SYSTEM.......................................................................................................................... 204
POWER SUPPLY SYSTEM................................................................................................................................... 206

Student: NGUYEN HONG TRUONG – Class: 57XE2

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SAFETY IN CONSTRUCTION...............................................................................207
TRAINING, IMPLEMENT, EXAMINATION OF SAFETY.................................................................................................. 207
OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY IN EACH STAGE OF CONSTRUCTION.......................................................................................208
SAFETY IN WORKING WITH EQUIPMENT, MACHINES ON SITE.....................................................................................210
ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT....................................................................................................................... 210

PART I

ARCHITECTURE
( 10% )
INSTRUCTOR : VU ANH TUAN
STUDENT

: NGUYEN HONG TRUONG

CLASS

: 57XE2

STUDENT ID

: 3833.57

Student: NGUYEN HONG TRUONG – Class: 57XE2

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PROJECT: ROYAL HOTEL

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TASK :
- General introduction of the building
- Architecture solution of the building
- Drawing plans layout and sections
- Technical and infrastructure solution

Student: NGUYEN HONG TRUONG – Class: 57XE2

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PROJECT: ROYAL HOTEL

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INTRODUCTION
-

Name of building : Royal Hotel .
Investor : Royal International Stock Company .
Address : Ba Dinh District , Ha Noi .
Scale and feature of the building: The building is builded in an area of
4659.6m2 in which :
+ Area of the building: 1361 m2
+ Height of the building: 39 m.

Figure 1-1 : Master Plan
-

Based on the feature of the plot of land, the requirement of the standards and
regulations of the state, the design of master plan must be based on the use
function of building’s type, technology lines to have clear functional zones and
is also in accordance with the approved urban planning, to ensure scientific and
aesthetic. The layout and architectural spaces have to ensure the requirements
for fire protection, lighting, ventilation, noise, and isolation distance. For Royal

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PROJECT: ROYAL HOTEL

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Hotel , the front area is used for landscape and yard, so people can easily
access to the building. Internal traffic is linked to external public-traffic of the
city to have ventilation. In font of the building are main roads, huge yards that
the fire truck can access and handle incidents. There is also a large sports
ground in the background.

ARCHITECTURAL AND TECHNICAL SOLUTION OF THE
BUILDING
2.1 Design of storeys plan
The functions of the storeys are divided reasonably and plainly
-

Storey 1 : insisting of parking area for car and motorbike , technical room,
security room

-

Storey 2 : the main large lobby is the welcoming place of guests who use office
and services, one large dinning room , one small dinning room …There are
also functional rooms : toilets warehouses and security room .

-

Storey 3 : all area for working : large meeting room , small metting room and
other working rooms.

-

Storey 4 – 10 : insisting of many bedrooms for guests, functional rooms : living
room , toilets, balconys.

-

Roof storey : elevator technical room , water tank .

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PROJECT: ROYAL HOTEL

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a
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FLOOR plan 1- l evel +0.00 (SCALE 1/150)

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Figure 1-2 : 1st floor plan

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PROJECT: ROYAL HOTEL

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Figure 1-3: 2nd floor plan

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8

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PROJECT: ROYAL HOTEL

Figure 1-4: 3rd floor plan

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d
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PROJECT: ROYAL HOTEL

Figure 1-5: Typical floor plan ( storey 4 – 10 )

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e

f

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Figure 1-6 : Roof plan

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2.2 Design Section
-

Section shows the internal content of the building, dimension of basic
components, and function of rooms. Based on the using feature and
requirements of sanitation, ventilation for each area, the high of each level is
selected as the following:
 Storey 1 : 3 m
 Storey 2 : 4.5 m
 Storey 3, 4  10 : 3.5 m
 Roof: 3.5 m
m

m

1

n

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Figure 1-7 : Section A-A

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PROJECT: ROYAL HOTEL

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m2
m1

nw
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n
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t1

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Figure 1-8 : Section B-B
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2.3 Design elevation

Figure 1-9 : Elevation axis 1-12

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PROJECT: ROYAL HOTEL

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Figure 1-10 : Elevation axis A-F

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TECHNICAL AND INFRASTRUCTURE SOLTION
3.1 Ventilation system
-

Through the window system, natural ventilation is fully utilized. Besides, there
is air conditioning system. The pipe system is laid in the vertical and horizontal
technical box, distributes evenly to the places of consumption.

3.2 Lighting system
-

Natural light is fully utilized. The window systems in all facades are glazed. In
addition, artificial light is also arranged so that it can cover all points that need
lighting.

3.3 Traffic system
-

The vertical transportation system consists of two lifts
Furthermore, there are also two escape staircases at two building’s sides.
The horizontal transportation is arranged suitable for moving requirement. That
is based on the function of each area.
External trafic solution: Private path around the building.

3.4 Power supplying system
Electric system: 3 phase electric from local electric cabinet comes to electrical
engineering room. After that, electric is distributed to all rooms. Moreover, there is
a generator to supply electric automatically for elevator and hallway when electric
system get incidents.
-

Using power was delivered from power system of the city, building has
transformer, beside there is a stand by generator in base floor.
Lighting system ensures illumination from 20 – 40 lux. Special is middle
corridor that is needed lighting all night and day for ensuring transportation. All
offices have underground power line and electric tablet. Other rooms have
more lighting requirement that was installed high quality lighting equipment.

3.5 Water supplying system and drainage system
-

Water supplying system: Water is supplies by water supplying system of the
city and contain in underground water tanks of the building. Water follow is
controled by gauges. After that, water is pumped by pumps system and
contained in roof water tanks. Water is supplied to restrooms of building by
water pipe system from roof water tank automatically. Pipe system is hidden in
floors, walls and technical boxes.

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Drainage system, Ventilation system: Drainage system consist of two parts. The
first part is dirt drains and another part bring dung to septic tanks. Ventilation
system has snorkel higher than elevation of roof by 700 mm.

3.6 Fire fighting system
-

-

Fire alarm system : Fire alarm detection devices are arranged in each room at
every floor, public place of each floor. Fire alarm network is mounted alarm
clocks and lamps. The management department controls fire as soon as receive
the fire signal.
Firefighting system: This system is designed based on the fire prevention
requirements and other relevant standards (including fire preventing
component, escape exits, firefighting water). CO2 cylinders are set at the
intersections in all stories.

3.7 Information technology system.
-

Structured Cabling System for telephone and internet
TV (cable, satellite)
Public security system, CCTV
Access control system by magnetic card, fingerprint (Access Control)
Public Address System
Automation System for Apartments (Home Automation)

Student: NGUYEN HONG TRUONG – Class: 57XE2

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PROJECT: ROYAL HOTEL

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PART 2

STRUCTURE
( 45% )
INSTRUCTOR

: VU ANH TUAN

STUDENT

: NGUYEN HONG TRUONG

CLASS

: 57XE2

STUDENT ID

: 3833.57

TASK :
- Selecting structural solutions
- Determine loads applying on the building

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PROJECT: ROYAL HOTEL

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CHAPTER I :

SOLUTION IN STRUCTURE
1. SELECTING STRUCTURAL SOLUTIONS
1.1 Main structure
Frame system
This system is created from vertical bars (columns) connecting with horizontal
bars (beams), called “node”. The plane frames are connected to each other in
order to make a space frame. In order to increase the horizontal rigidity of frame,
braces are added at some span along its height. This component works as a
horizontal rigid wall.
Advantages:
Construction method is simple. This system has large space, flexible plan, and
meets all using requirement of the building.
Disadvantages:
The horizontal rigidity of frame is small, so that horizontal load bearing capacity
is low. The beams have big depth that affects to using function and increases the
building’s height. Frame system is suitable for low rise building (less than 20
stories for reinforced concrete frame)
Bearing wall system
In this kind of structure, plane walls are the main bearing elements. In building
where walls are installed in one direction, the stability of building in
perpendicular direction is ensured by rigid walls. For high rise building,
horizontal load is big so that the wall plates are designed to bear all horizontal and
vertical loads. The horizontal load is transferred to wall plates through slab system
that is absolutely considered as rigidity in its plane. Therefore, rigid walls work as
continuous beams with high depth of section.
Advantages:
By using wall system we can remove the concentration of stress at beamcolumn
connection. This system will have torsional rigidity if the walls are connected to
each other. It also has great horizontal load bearing capacity, so that this system is
suitable for building requiring partition space (house, hotel…).
Disadvantages:

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PROJECT: ROYAL HOTEL

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Using space is limited by walls. The walls has high weight, high rigidity so that
the effect of earthquake is big. The buildings will be wall system is commonly
less than 20 stories.
Frame-core system
Rigid walls are connected to each other to form a closed (or open) space frame,
call “core”. Core has blank box in shape and receives loads then transfers them to
earth.
Most of the inner space is used for vertical transportation equipment (lift,
staircase), technical pipe system (water pipe, electrical pipe).
The main advantage of this system is its high bearing capacity of horizontal load
and high torsional rigidity. The core works as a big continuous beam fixed to
foundation
1.2 Slab structure system
For building, slab system has big effect on the working of structure. Select structure
method is very important. Therefore, we must a proper analysis to choose the
method which is suitable for building.
Slab-rib system
Consist of beam system and slab
Advantages:
- Simple calculation.
- Used popular in Vietnam, because of structure technology plentiful.
Disadvantages:
- The height of beam and the deflection of slab are very big. Therefore the
height of building must be big. That is not saving for cost of materials.
- not saving space.
Mass slab system with four ribs
Consist of vertical beam system which divides slabs to smaller slabs with 4 ribs.
Advantages:
- Decreasing the number of column inside the building. Therefore, that saves
using space and makes the architecture of building more beautifully. The
structure is suitable for the building which is required the high level of
aesthetic and big using space .
Disadvantages:
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- Not saving, complicated construction.
- When the area of floor too large, we need to arrange more main beam. Thus,
the disadvantage is big height of beam.
Slab without beam:
Advantages:
- The height of structure elements is small. Thus, that decreasing the height of
building.
- Saving using space.
- Easy to divide space.
- Easy to arrange water and electric technology system.
- Suitable for building which has medium.
- Construction of the method is faster than beam-slab method, because of not
be taking time by reinforcing formwork, reinforcing steel of beam.
- Because, the height of beams decreases, vertical transportation decreases and
cost of construction decreases.
- Horizontal load decreases, because of the height of building decreases.
Disadvantages:
- The column is not connective. Thus stiffness of frame is smaller than “slab
without beam” method. Therefore, horizontal load is loaded by rigid wall.
- The thickness of slab is big to ensuring the bending resistance ability and
anti-puncture ability. Thus, the weight of slab is big.
1.3 Conclusion
Because, construction is high building which has the big distance between columns.
Moreover, to ensure the aesthetic of building, I choose main structure method of
building:
- Pile structure for foundation.
- Mass slab structure with four ribs.
- Main structure of building is frame-core frame. They create a grid system
which support for slab. Rigid walls and columns is buckling to foundation
system.

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2. DETERMINATION OF PRELIMINARY DIMENSION OF ELEMENTS 2.1
Material
-

Concrete grade B25: Rb= 14,5 MPa; Rbt = 1,05 Mpa; Eb =3.0x103 MPa
Steel :
+ Φ < 10 mm: Steel AI: Rs = Rsc = 225MPa.
+ Φ ≥ 10 mm: Steel AII: Rs = Rsc = 280MPa.
+ Steel AIII: Rs = Rsc = 365 MPa.

2.2 Preliminary dimension of elements
2.2.1 Thickness of slab
 Thickness of slab in room
- Choose beam and slab floor solution is arranged through column and use
secondary beam.
- Choosing the thickness of slab based on the formula :
Legend:
+ D= 0.8-1.4: loading factor.
+ m : Factor of edge supported slabs.
m = 35-45 : two way slab.
m = 30-35 : one way slab.
+ L1: Shorter span of slab.
With slab has the largest dimension (4.2m x 7.8m)
D= 1.2 : loading factor.
M= 45: Factor of edge supported slabs. ( two way slab)
L1=3.9 : Shorter span of slab
hs = 420 = 11.2 cm > hmin = 5 cm
Choose the thickness of slab : hs = 12 cm
 Thickness of slab in corridor
hs = 270= 7.2 cm > hmin = 5 cm
Choose the thickness of slab : hs = 8 cm

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2.2.2 Preliminary dimension of beam
-

The dimension of beam cross section based on experience formula:
Legend:
 =8-12: with primary beam
 =12-16: with secondary beam
 L: Length of beam span.
 =

a. Primary beam
 Length of span L1 = 7,8 m at CD span
hd = 780 = 65 cm
Choose the height of beam : hd = 65 cm
Dimension of beam : bd x hd = 30x65 cm
 Length of span L2 = 2,7 m at DE span
hd = 270 = 22,5 cm
Choose the height of beam : hd = 30 cm
Dimension of beam : bd x hd = 30x30 cm
 Dimension of conson beam L3 =1,2 m :bd x hd = 30x30 cm
b. Secondary beam
 Length of span L4 = 4.8 m
hd = 480 = 32 cm
Choose the height of beam : hd = 40 cm
Dimension of beam : bd x hd = 22x40 cm
 Length of span L5= 7.8 m
hd= 780 = 52 cm

Student: NGUYEN HONG TRUONG – Class: 57XE2

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