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New framework pre intermediate 2 student book

Richmond
PUBLISH IN G


Contents
Unit
1 The concrete
jungle
page 6

Language focus

Vocabulary

Subject and object que stions

City adjectives
Compound nouns

Recycling
Present Simple & Past Simple

Question words

The Real Thing
a bit (of] ...

Past Simple and Past
Continuous

Describing people
Relationship verbs

Article about meeting
partners

The Real Thing

Questionnaire about
friendship

-ish

N ewspaper article about
London
Promotion al texts

Short text about Friends

Present Perfect
for & since

Jobs
Job adjectives

Present perfect + yet

The Real Thing

Quiz about stress

Recycling


Present Perfect & Past Simple

you see / let me see

Article abo ut the 'rat race'

Modals of obligation: mustn't
and don't have to

Sports
Sports equipment and places
Attributes for sport

Recycling
can / can't, have to / don't
have to, must / mustn't

Short job adverts and
application lette r

The Real Thing
so, such

Holiday items
Travel collocations
Hotel room facilities ..
The Real Thing
So do 1/ Nor do I

more / less / fewer + noun +
than
the most / least + noun

First conditional

Comparatives and superlatives

Flashback 2, page 60

2

Web page about job
candidate s

Article about Nike and
Umbro
Biography of a sports star
Article about Olympic
emblems

Travel itinerary
Article abou t gap years
H oliday e-mails

Fast food
Recipe words

Article about chocolate

The Real Thing
far / by far

Synopsis of a TV
programme

Quiz about junk food


Contents

Speaking

I

Writing

Pronunciation

Takeaway
English

Interviewing a partner Describing how a city has
changed
Describing famous cities
Song: New York, New York

A short text about
a classmate
'Sell your town' an advert

Word stress

Classroom
language

Discussing physical
appearance

A love story from
picture prompts

If I

Chatting up

Ijl and Id31

A job interview

Listening

Describing your city
Talking about films
and famous cities

Describing partners
Talking about best friends

Talking about how
people meet each other

A soap opera

Describing personal
changes

Writing stories

WORKBOOK

Hypothesising about
jobs

Describing jobs

Discussing stressful
situations

Job interviews

Discussing choices

A job application
letter

Discussing job
interviews

Discussing favourite
sports
Discussing celebrity
endorsements

Talking about favourite sports
Descriptions of various sports
A TV advert discussion

Discussing holidays
Talking about gap
years
Practising making
decisions

Talking about holiday
preparations

Talking about diet

Talking about fast food

Poster presentation In! and lUi
WORKBOOK

Joining a gym

Connected speech

Writing about an
interest

A holiday e-mail

Contractions with will: III

Booking a hotel

A reCipe

lu :1 and lui

Ordering food

Food

Describing gap year plans
People making decisions

Discussing addictions

Interview with a chocoholic

WORKBOOK

Giving advice about
health and other
problems

Talking about losing weight

Writing about
your opinions

Listening to a recipe


Unit

Language focus
Passive voice - present and
past
Present Perfect for recent
events (with just and already)

Vocabulary
Money collocations
make and do

money

The Real Thing

Company histories
Text about antiglobalisation

I suppose / I guess

The press
see, watch, look at

The Real Thing
don't you think? isn't he ?

Second conditional
Reported statements
Recycling
First conditional

Gadgets
Time verbs
The internet
Machine nouns and verbs
The Real Thing

Biographical texts
Short newspaper
articles
Report of a survey on
gossip

Article about attitudes
to technology
Quiz about mobile
phones

No way!

Relative pronouns: who,

Foreign words
The Real Thing

which, that, where

kind of / loads of / about

-ingform
Adjective order
The infinitive

Clothes nouns and adjectives
Street styles
The Real Thing

.

stuff

Definite and zero article
speculation: could, might,

Forms of transport

may, must, can't

get + preposition
-ed / -ing adjectives

Recycling
Future structures

The Real Thing
actually, to be honest, in fact

Communication Bank

page 178

Irregular verb list

page 726

Article about
Spanglish
Article about
languages
Adyert for a language
course

Short descriptions of
people's clothes
Personality colour quiz
Questionaire about
fashion

Article about cars
Article about
protesters
Novel extract
Description of future
homes

Phonetic chart

page 727


Speaking

Listening

IWriting

Pronunciation Takeaway
English

Discussing market
leaders and
globalisation
Analysing and
d escribing adverts

Describing spending
habits
A live news report
Discussing adverts

An advert

101 and IAI

Apologies and excuses

Discussing celebrities
Debate about the
paparazzi
Defining gossip

Talking about celebrities
'A day in the life of a
paparazzo'

A news story

/hi

Gossipin g

I

WORK BOOK

A profile of a film star

Gossipy conversations
Son g: I heard it through
the grapevine

Talking about time
saved and wasted with
new technology
Discussing pros and
cons of mobile phones
Talking about
web sites, the internet
and chat rooms

Teenagers talking about
technology
Mobile phone
conversations
A favourite website
A conversation about a
date
Problems with machines

Giving instructions

'd and '11
lall

Telephoning business or pleasure?

Discussing life abroad
Analysing small talk
Asking and answering
quiz questions
Discussing classroom
r ules

Anecdotes about life as
an expat
Snippets of small talk
People persuading a
friend to learn a language

Quiz questions

ItJI and Ik/

Giving advice

Talking about changes
of image
Describing personality
Talking about fashion

Describing fashion style
A favourite item of
clothing
Talking about favourite
music .
Talking about dressing up

Writing sentences
IJI and 131
about changes of look
A description of an
item of clothing
A class survey

Discussing pros and
con s of cars
Preparing a speech

Talking about transport

A diary

Discussing protesters
Discussing the future
Discussing buildings
Song: Driving in my car

Writing a letter to a
newspaper

Making predictions
about the future
Discussing buildings

WORK BOOK

Writing about
advantages and
disadvantages

W O RKBOOK

Iju:1 and I AI

Clothes shopping

Future plans


The concrete jungle
• City adjectives
• Compound nouns

• Present Simple & Past Simple
• Questions

• VVord stress
• Classroom language

My town
Speaking & Reading
1 Answer the questions.
1 Where are you from?
2 Do you like cities?
3 Do you live in the place where you were born?
If not, why did you move?

2 Read the profiles. Are these sentences true (T) or
false (F)? If false, explain why.
1 Everybody's parents have different nationalities.

2
3
4
5

Carolina

f - \Z.a5hid'5 pare.nh are. both from India.

Hi, I'm Carolina and I'm 21 years old. I live in

Everybody likes cities.
Linda likes her job.
Carolina is the most positive about her city.
Rashid was born in Bombay.

Berlin, but I was born in the south of Italy. We
moved here from Italy when I was 14 because of my
father's work . I'm half German, half Italian. I
started working in the family business a few years

3 Complete these sentences with the correct name.
doesn't work.
2 ___ can speak the most languages.
3 ___ thinks that the city helps him I her to be
1

ago - we have a jewellers' shop. I work in the shop
every afternoon except Sundays, but it's a bit boring.
The city is OK but I never have time to enjoy it -

Rashid
My name's Rashid. I'm 24 and I live in London. I'm
Indian, but I was born here in the UK. My pare.n ts came
here from Bombay (we call it Mumbai now) at the end of
the 1960s. London's a great place to be for me because I
study a rchitecture and there are lots of interesting
buildings around. Every day I see something new. I don't
want to live anywhere else.

My name's Linda. I'm 25 and live in a small town outside
Vancouver. My mother is Spanish and my father comes from Lagos
in Nigeria. We speak English, French and Spanish at home. I work
as a teacher in the local school. It's a great job but very tiring because
I get up very early every morning. Before, I worked as a secretary I didn't like it at all! I really like the town I live in, although it's very
cold in winter. Cities like Vancouver are just too big for me.

6


The concrete jungle
1 Underline the adjectives in the texts on page 6. Which are:
a) positive

b) negative

c) neutral?

boring - ne.gative.

2 Are these adjectives positive or negative in your opinion?
cosmopolitan
sophisticated

crowded
stressful

dirty
touristy

d ynamic
noisy
polluted
ugly
varied
welcoming

3 Which of the adjectives could you use to describe your city or town?

d

1 Circle the verbs in the texts on page 6. Are they in the Present Simple or Past
Simple tense?
2

M

Listen and complete the profile with verbs in the Present Simple or Past Simple.

Rita
Hi there, I'm Rita. I iwa5 born in Jamaica, but my
family 2 _ _ _ to Paris when I ' ___ two years old.
We 4 _ _ _ our own business a few years ago and it's
going very well. I 5 _ __ Paris because there 6 _ __
so much to do and see. It's impossible to get bored.
The only problem is everything 7 _ __ a fortune.

Which sentences are in the Present Simple / Past Simple tenses?

1 I study architecture.
2 I worked as a secretary.
3 I work in the shop every afternoon.
4 We moved to Italy.
Which sentence talks about ...
... a present routine?
. .. a present truth / fact?

... a past state?
... a past action?

Turn each of the sentences into a negative
1 I didn't 5tUd'f arc.l1ite.c.ture..
Turn each of the sentences into a question

1 Did 'fou 5tUd'f arc.l1ite.c.ture.?
See Reference Guide, pp. 2-3. See Workbook, pp. 3-4, exs7-4.

Are these sentences true (T) or false (F) for you and where you live? If false, make
the sentences true.
1 Most people work from gam to 5pm.

f - M05t pe.ople. don't worK from qam to 5pm. 1he.'f worK from qam to lpm .
2
3
4
5
6

aking & Writing

The streets are often very noisy.
Eating out is expensive.
Most people travel around by car.
My parents were born here.
I liked the city more when I was a child.

1 Interview your partner using these prompts.
1 What / name? Wl1at'5 'four name.? 4 Where / born?
2 How / old?
5 When / arrive / (place)?
3 What / do?
6 Do / like / the city? Why / Why not?
2 Write a short text about your partner from memory. Then swap texts with your
partner. Is the text about him / her correct?

Sydney - a city:

TYJ~

exs. 1-3 on your CD-Rom.


Ethnic communities
Speaking & Readin
1 Look at these pictures. Are they typically English images?
Why I Why not?
2 Make a list of ten nationalities that you would expect to find
living in London.
3 Work in pairs. Read the magazine article about London.
4 Student A: Turn to page 118. Student B: Turn to page 120.

5 Discuss these questions.

1 Did anything in the article
surprise you?
2 Do you live in a multicultural
area? What different n ationalities
live in your town / city?

MELTING PDT
OF CULTURES
Did you know that London is
one of the Inost Inulticultural
cities in the world? Here, there
are about 300 different cultures
living side by side. Forget tea
and sandwiches, now it is Inore
COInInon for a Londoner to
drink cappuccino for breakfast,
and eat Thai food for lunch in
the local pub. Let's see how life
has changed in Britain's capital.

A India

B Poland

Most people from India
arrived in London in the
1950s and 60s. Now there is
a strong Asian presence here
- in the shops, markets and,
of course, the restaurants.
In fact, curry is Britain's
favourite takeaway meal.
A typical family has a curry
every two weeks, either
delivered or bought readymade from the supermarket.
Indian people live all over
London. Southall, in the far
west of the city, is one of
many places well known for

This community represents
more than 1 % of the UK's
total population and is
growing rapidly. In London,
many Polish people live in the
Hammersmith area, in the
west of the city. Here, there are
several Catholic churches, and
delicatessens which sell the
country's specialities such as
beetroot soup (barszcz) or
Polish cakes and snacks. Were
they right to come? Young
Poles say they can easily earn
three times as much money
here as at home, where
unemployment remains high.


The concrete jungle

Subject and object questions

Questions

Subject questions
Rashid lives in London.
subject

Yes / No questions
Look at the examples from the Speaking and Reading
section and complete the gaps.
.................... they typically English images?
... ................. they right to come?

In questions with the verb ...................... we put the
subject after the verb.
................. ... you live in a multicultural area?

Who lives in London?
subject

Does the word order change in subject questions?
Object questions
Rashid lives in London.
object

vVhere does Rashid live?
object

J

.................... anything in the article surprise you?

We use the auxiliaries ... .. ...... . and does in Present
Simple questions, and ............ in Past Simple
questions . These go before the subject.

In object questions, where does the auxiliary verb go?
Find a subject and an object question from the
article on pages 8-9 .

See Reference Guide, p. 3. See Workbook, pp. 4, exs 5-7.

Practice

Question words
Match the question words used in t he speaking task with
their contexts:
When
to earn money
Who
the Chinese seamen
What
in Hammersmith
Where
all night
How
yams and rice
How often
in the 1950s and 60s
Why
by eating in Chinese restaurants
How long
every two weeks
Complete the gaps below with question words. Read the
texts again and answer your questions.
.................. does the Notting Hill Carnival take place? (time)
.................. arrived in London in the 1990s? (people)
.................. typical Polish food can you buy in London?
)

1 Make questions from the prompts.

1
2
3
4

Who / live / with? Wno do
What / languages / speak?
What / do / yesterday?
Who / arrive / late / today?

'(OU live witn?

2 Which are subject questions?

3 Work in pairs. Ask each other the questions.
Report the answers to the class.
Fabio livef> witn nif> parentf> and nif> f>if>ter Adriana.

4 Add three more 'Who ... ?' questions. Find someone
in the class who can answer 'yes' to all of them .
Wno pla'{f> an inf>trument?

C West Africa

D China

E The Caribbean

West Africans - Illainly
froIll Ghana and Nigeria have brought a wealth of
languages, Illusic and
culture to the British
capital. Many London
Illarkets sell their
traditional foods. like yaIlls
and different types of rice.
A lot of Nigerians live in
the south-east London area,
in suburbs like Deptford.

Chinese people first carne to
Britain in 1885. The first arrivals
were IllOStly seaIllen who worked
on steaIllships. In the 1950s, Illany
Chinese people settled in the
central Soho area of London. This
area is called Chinatown. Here,
you can experience a taste of
China by eating in London's best
Chinese restaurants and shopping
for Chinese vegetables, herbal
Illedicines and gifts.

During the 1950s, people frOIll the
Caribbean islands arrived in London
to start a new life. Their reggae Illusic,
steel druIlls and culture are all now
part of the capital's atIllosphere,
especially during the Notting Hill
Carnival, Europe's largest and IllOSt
vibrant street party. When do!,!s it take
place? You can catch it every year at
the end of August. One of the centres
of the Caribbean COITlITlunity is in
Brixton, in the south of London.

Io:.~~"""'"

Who says that living in a foreign land can't be fun? The Brazilians certainly Illake London a livelier place.
In fact, there are bars and restaurants in the Bayswater area where you can dance samba and listen to
Portuguese all night long. The exodus to the UK started in the 1990s when young Brazilians caIlle to study
. . . . .iII~and look for work. Nowadays, a caipirinha is as easy to find in the capital's bars as a gin and tonic.


Vocabulary
Compound nouns

3 Which words from the Vocabulary section does

1 Match a word in column A with a word in column B to

4 How has your town or city changed over the past
five years?

Jacquie mention?

form compound nouns.
A
1

2
3

4
5
6
7
8

B

a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

shopping
department
tower
traffic
industrial
sports
theme
ring

store
block
park
road
centre
f) centre
g) estate
h) jam

The Real Thing: Q

1

a bit
a bit of a
a bit
To soften opinion, we can use a bit to modify
adjectives and a bit ot a to modify nouns.
A bit and a bit ot a ... are often used with
negative words.

3 Which of these things does your town or city have?

listening
3

M

Listen to Jacquie talking about life in Landon now
and five years ago. Tick the things she talks about.
1 offices
2 traffic ./
3 restaurants and bars

4 nightclubs
5 shops
6 flats

2 Listen again. What has changed? Which changes are:
a) positive?

b) negative?

more c.arf> and traffic. jamf> - negative

10

M Listen to these extr~cts. How many times
do you hear the phrase a bit?

2 Complete tt'\"e gaps

2 Match the compound nouns to images a-h

1

bit (of) ...

M Listen and complete the gaps. Where do
you think the speakers are?
1 N o. It's a bit ___ .
2 Sorry, sh e's a bit ___ ,
3 It's a b it of a

4 What do you like / dislike about your city? Try
to use a bit in your answers.

Warf>aw' f> a bit c.rowded.


The concrete jungle

Listening

S eaking

1 Which city in the world would you most like to

Work in pairs. Think of a city. Describe where you are. Include
a building, a famous landmark and the weather in your
description. Your partner has to guess the city.

visit? Which would you least like to visit? Why?
2 {15') Listen to Imogen, David, Frank and Laura.
What cities are they describing? What words
helped you decide?
Match the photos (a-d) with the cities.
3 Listen again. Which speakers are:
1 in the city now?
2 going to visit the city in the future?
3 talking about a visit in the past?

A: I'm in a big 5qUare. I can 5ee a catnedral witn tower5 of
man'i different wlour5. It' 5 ve~ wId. Wnere am 17
B: M05ww7
A: That' 5 rignt l

Pronunciation
Word stress
1 (l6) Listen to these extracts. Write down the adjectives
you hear. livel'i

4 Which of these adjectives does each person use?
beautiful crowded difficult exotic
friendly
helpful
impossible
incredible
interesting -H\rety- nice
sophisticated
Imogen - livel'i

2 Listen again and indicate the stress in each adjective.

live\'i

3 Put them in the correct column below. Which adjective
does not fit in the table?

5 What does each person think of the city?

Group 1 - 00

4

M

Group 2 - 000

Listen and check.

PI

Comparing two cities: Try exs. /-4 on your CD-Rom.


Fact or film?
Speakin
7 Work in groups. Match the film titles ( 1-6) with the cities where they
are set (a-f). Look at the film posters for clues.

1 Mo ulin Ro uge
2 City of God
3 Crash
4 Th e Lives of Oth ers
5 Lost in Tra nslation
6 Match Point

a) Rio d e Jan eiro
b) London
c) Tokyo
d) Los Angeles
e) Berlin
f) Paris

2 What do you know / would like you to know about these films?

Reading and Vocabulary
7 Read the opening lines of the movie Crash :

'It's the sense of touch . In any real city, you walk, you know? You brush
p ast people, p eople bwnp into you. In L.A., nobody touch es you. We're
always behind this m etal and glass. I think we miss that touch so
much, that we crash into each other, just so we can feel som ething.'
What does this say about Los Angeles? Do you think it could apply to
Tokyo? Why / Why not?
2 Which of these words and phrases might you associate with :

a) To kyo

b) Los Angeles

c) both ?

t em ples
subway
lonely
beach es
bu siness
corrupt ion
su shi
glamour
crime
d angerou s
'par adise on earth'
expen sive
gardens
3 Read the descriptions below. Which words from Exercise 2 are used
to describe each city?
4 Find examples of the following in the texts:
Positive words

Imperatives

Exaggeration

Negative words

bea utiful

work hard

paradif,e
on earth

ni ghtm are

Lost in Translation
Welcome to Tokyo - business capital of the
world. Work hard and play hard. Enjoy the
world's best sushi restaurants and most
modern shopping malls. Then, there's Japan's
traditional culture to discover: beautiful
temples, gardens and monasteries. The most
exotic and exciting place on earth!
But that's only half the story. If you don't
speak Japanese, it can be hard to integrate.
The streets ar:e packed, there are tower
blocks and traffic jams, and the subway at
rush hour is a nightmare. No one has time
for you. Life is expensive. When things get
lost in translation, Tokyo can be a lonely
and alienating place.
Describing where places are: Tryexs /-2 on your CD-Rom.


The concrete jungle

1 Write an advert for a city ( town. Look at the table on page 12 and add
expressions to describe the town you have chosen.

?o5itive. word - dinamiG
2 Now write the advert. Complete the gaps.

Come. to ?i5a, the. m05t dinamiG plaGe. in Itali!
_ _ (imperative) to _ _ (your city / town), the most _ _ (adjective) place in
_ _ (country) I There are hundreds of _ _ (noun) to _ _ (verb). You can visit
_ _ (place) and _ _ (place), and then _ _ (verb) . And at night you can _ _
(verb) until the early hours.

But that's only half the story. _ _ (place) is _ _ (pos. adjective), but don't
forget that it's _ _ (neg. adjective) tool So, be careful that you don't _ _
(verb phrase). Remember, it can be _ _ (neg. adjective) and _ _ (neg.
adjective) if you're on your own. _ _ . (Imperative)"

3 Look at other students' work. Which description sounds the most ( least
attractive? Why? Take a class vote to decide on the best.

TAKEAWAY ENGLISH: Classroom language
1

M

2

Listen again and complete.

1

Listen to six short dialogues. What does each student want?

2

A:
B:

3

A:

4

A:

5

A:

6

A:

B:

B:

B:

B:

3

M
1
2
3
4
5
6

I leave twenty minutes early today?
Yes, OK.
Sorry, ___ I open the window?
Of course you can .. .
, please? I couldn't hear too well.
Fine. I was explaining how ...
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ what we have to revise for the exam?
Of course ...
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ for us, please?
No problem ...
we write in pencil?
It would be better in pen if you have one.

A: _ _ _

B:

Listen and repeat.

Is it OK if we finish the class early?
Could you repeat that one more time, please?
Do you mind if I hand in my work tomorrow?
Can you say it more slowly, please?
Does it matter if I arrive five minutes late?
Could you let us know the marks, please?

4 Work in pairs. Take turns to ask and answer, using these prompts.

1
2
3
4
5
6

I I borrow your pen I please
you I play the recording again
I I use a dictionary I please
I I write with a red pen
you I ask the question again
you I write it on the blackboard I please

~ New York, New York: See resource sheet lB.
_

Now do Umt test 1 on your CD-Rom.

13


Lives and loves
• Past Simple & Past Continuous

• used to

• Describing people
• Relationship verbs

• If/
• Chatting up

Ideal partners

Speaking
7 Look at the photos of the celebrities. Who
are they? Why are they famous?
2 Rank the stars in order of most to least
attractive, in your opinion.
3 What characteristics do you consider
particularly attractive?

I li\::e. inte.lli9e.nt pe.ople..
I'm into 9irl£> with blonde. hair.

Vocabulary
Describing people
7 Look at these dialogues. Which refers to appearance and
which to personality?
1 'What's he like?' 'He's really friendly. '
2 'What does she look like?' 'She's tall.'
2 Put the adjectives into the correct category: personality (P)
or appearance (A).

bald - A e.a£>'{ - 9oin9 - 17
-BalEI- blonde dark easy going funny
good-looking grey-haired intelligent kind
outgoing sensible sensItIve short slim
sociable tanned trendy

14


Lives and loves
Speaking & Listening
1 Look at the photos. In pairs, describe
each person. What do they look like?
What are they like, do you think?

'a' has got blonde- hair.
'She- looks sporti.
2 Each person in photos a-d knows
one of the people below. Who knows
who? Guess their relationship.

'Sophie- - d. I think the-i're- brothe-r
and siste-r.

3 6l) Listen and check your answers.
Match the names below with people
a-d.

( Carrie

Matthew

J am e s

Pete )

4 Listen again. Match adjectives f rom
Vocabulary, Exercise 2 with people
a-d.

Matthe-w - se-nsible-, tanne-d

5 Why does each partner like the
other? Give one reason.

'Sophie- like-s Matthe-w be-c.ause- shec.an talk to him .

1 (2) Listen to Luke and Sophie again
2 Look at the examples and answer the questions.

1 He's shortish ...
Is Pete very short or quite short?
2 He's fortyish now.
What does -ish mean here?
3 How would you say the examples above in your language?

-ish is added to adjectives to show that something is
similar but not exactly the same as the adjective.
4 Comp lete .the sentences with these words .

fiftyish
eightish
shortish
straightish
reddish
1 I knew he was embarrassed because he went a
colour.
2 Let's meet after work - is ___ OK with you?
3 He's older than he looks . He must be
4 He's _ __ , with blonde hair and b lue eyes .
5 H e's attractive - dark, ___ hair and lovely dark
eyes.
5 (3) Listen and check.

Pronunciation

/I /
1 How do you say this word?

British /'bntlJI
2

A

Listen and check. Write down the words
you hear and tick the ones with the IJI sound.

f:,ugar ./
3 (5) Listen and repeat the sentences.

1 Trish is fifty but she looks fortyish.
2 I've finished washing the dishes.
3 I wish you'd stop being so childish.
4 Describe one of the people on this page.
Use -ish words where possible.

15


How we met

CLOSE ElooUI I ERS
-

-

These days, you can find love in all kinds of places. We talked to four couples
from around the world who met their partner in a memorable way.

Speaking & Reading

Tammy: 'I was very
scept ical about meeting
people on t he inte r net. But
one day I was surfing the
net and decided to go into
a chat room . It was quite
boring until a guy called
Brad came in. We chatted
for a long time and then
exchanged photos . It was
difficult because we were
both go ing out w ith
someone at t he time and
we were living in different
states, but eventually we
arranged to meet. And

1 Discuss these questions.
1 How do p eople m eet e ach
other?
2 Do y ou know w here your
pare nts met?

2 Work in pairs.
Student A: Read Tammy's story
and answer these questions.
1 H ow did they meet?
2 Why w as it difficult to start a
relationship?

Student B: Read Albert's story
and answer these questions.
1 H ow did th ey m eet ?
2 What is Albert's only reg r et ?

3 Tell your partner the story.
live in an
people's home and I really
thought I was too old to
meet anybody special. I
wasn't looking for love, but
I suppose I needed a friend.
One day, I was reading the
newspaper in the garden
when Joyce came over to
have a chat. We talked and
talked, day after day, and
we became very close.
Now, we do everything
together. I have one regret
- that I didn't meet Joyce

4 Read Petra's and Ricardo's
stories. Complete them with
verbs in the Past Simple tense.
dec ide go happen have
introduce
invite

5 Work in pairs. Match the headings
(1-4) with the four texts.
1
2
3
4

Acr o ss a cr owd ed r oom
Love o nline
Mistake n identity
It's n ever too lat e

Petra: 'It ' _ _ one night at our
local nightclub. I was dancing,
and suddenly 12_ _ the feeling
that someone was watching me. I
looked around and saw a boyan
the other side ofthe room staring
at me. I 3
to be brave and
walked over to him. Hans was
very shy but we had a drink and
started talking. We just clicked
and we quickly became friends.'

.'_~U
~~

....."!!,!!,,,'"

Ricardo: 'It was New Year's
Eve and I 4
some
people around to my house
to celebrate. I planned a
quiet party but my friends
brought other friends and by
twelve o'clock there were
lots of people. I was making
some drinks in the kitchen
when I noticed this woman
on her own. She didn't seem
to know anybody, so I
over to her and
6 _ _ myself She said, "So
you're not Antonio, then?!"
She was at the wrong partyshe had made a mistake with
the address l I asked her to
stay and we got on really well
... and now we're together.'


Lives and loves
Language focus
Past Simple and Past Continuous

Vocabulary & Writing
Relationship verbs

I was reading the newspaper when
Joyce came over to ch.at.

1
I.

reading the newspaper

-------------------------------------,,,
,
,.----

i

I

10 am

Joyce c'lme over

+

11 am

i

12 am

There are two actions in this sentence.
Which gives the context / background?
Underline the correct words in the rules.
We use Past Continuous I Past Simple to
describe actions in progress in the past.
We use Past Continuous I Past Simple for
shorter, completed events in the past.
Find an example of each in the texts on
page 16.
..
A Past Simple action (main event)
often interrupts on~ in the Past
Continuous (background).
I was making some drinks when I
noticed this woman.

Find two more examples in the texts.
W e can use when, while and as to join
the two tenses in a sentence:
I was making some drinks when I
noticed this woman .
When / As / While I was making
some drinks, I noticed this woman.

Which can go before the Present
Continuous (background), and which
before the Past Simple (main event)?

See Reference Guide, p. 4.
See Workbook, pp. 9- 70, exs. 7- 4.

Practice

1 The pictures show different stages of a couple's relationship. Order
the pictures to make a story. I - b

1 Answer the questions with a verb in the
Past Continuous. What were you doing:
1
2
3
4

at 2am ? I waf> f>1e.e.ping .
at 4pm last S unday afternoon ?
at m idnight last Saturday?
just b efo re this lesson started ?

2 Guess what your partner was doing at
these times. Check with him / her to
see if you were right.

2 Match a verb with each picture.
stay frien ds
meet b)
get engaged
split up
fall in love
g o out together
get m arrie d
argue
fancy each other
3 Tell the story to your partner.
1he.~

par~.

"Paula waf> naving a drink, wne.n f>ne. notiGe.d f.d ...

4 Write the story using the Past Simple and Past Continuous. Use
these time expressions.
a year later
from tim e to time

3 Put the verbs in brackets into the Past
Simple or Past Continuous tense.

r

1
(meet) m y girlfrien d w hile
we 2
(study) at univer sity. On
the first day. r 3
(listen) to th e
lecturer when a b eautiful girl 4 _ __
(arrive) late and 5
(sit) down
n ext to me . When the class 6 _ _ _
(finish ), I asked her out, and that was it!

me.t at a

even tually
after six m onths
the n ext day
imme d iately
soon

In groups, compare your stories.

5

Listen to each other's stories . Whose version has the happiest I
most tragic I most entertaining ending? Why?

Past Simple G Past Continuous: Tryexs. 1-5 on your CD-Rom.

17


Language focus

used to

M

1

Listen and complete the sentences.

1 We a lways _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ together at
school.
2 We both _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ in Oxford.
3 Believe it or not, my best friend _ _ _ _ __
___ my ex-girlfrie nd.
Turn to Reference Guide, page 39, and check your
answers in transcript 2.7.

2 Look at transcript 2.6 in your Reference Guide,

Speaking & Listening

page 39. Underline all the sentences with used to.

1 Discuss these questions.

Look at the examples and underline the correct word in
the rule.

1 Who would you say is your best friend?

2
3
4
5

When did you m eet?
Why are you close?
How often do you see e ach other?
Do you ever argue?

We used to do everything together; but now we don't.
We used to play together at school.

2 f.6) Listen to thr~e people talking about best friends.
Answer the questions below.
Steve

1 Name of best friend?
2 Where did they meet?
3 Why do / did they get on
well?
4 Do / did they ever argue?
5 Are they still in touch? If
not, what is the reason?

Fran

Liam

We use used to to talk about habits or states in the
present / past that are not true now.

+
?

I used to work at home.
I didn't use to sleep w ell when I was younger.
Did you use to play basketba]J ?

f>i\\

Match the friends with their photos a-c.

Correct the sentences be low.
1 I didn't used to go to nightclubs . ............................... .
2 Did you used to go to school?
3 I use to speak French ................................... .

See Reference Guide, p. 5.
See Workbook, p. 10, exs. 5-8.


Lives and loves
Practice
1 Make sentences with used to.

1 I u5e.d to 5moke. before I had
children. (I / smoke)
2 _ _ when he lived in London.
(he / not / drive)
3 _ _ but now we get on better.
(we / argue / all the time)
4 _ _ before the accident? (you /
do / sport)
5 _ _ when you were a child ?
(you / play / with trains)
6 _ _ but now I have one . (1/
never / want a car)

2 Make sentences with used to about a
friend . What has changed in your
relationship?
We. u5e.d to me.e.t e.ve.i dai at work, but
he. Ghangcd job5 and now I don't 5CC
him at al\.

1 You are at a party. Your best friend is ill because he / she
has drunk too much. You ...
a) go home and leave him / her at the party - he / she
knows what he / she's doing.
b) take him / her home with you.
e) pretend you don't know him / her - it's embarrassing!
2 Your best friend desperately needs some money to pay the
rent. You ...
a) give him / her the money. It's a present.
b) lend him / her the money.
e) don't give him / her the money - money and friendship
don't go together I

Speaking
1 Think about yourself now and ten years
ago What has changed? Make a list.
Appearance

Now
5hort hair

Ten years ago
long hair

Town I city

Personality

Job

2 Work in pairs. Ask and answer questions
about how your lives have changed.
Whose life has changed more?
A:

B:

rlow ha5 iour appe.aranGc Ghangcd?
I u5cd to havc long hair but now
it'55hort.

Reading & Speaking
1 Are you a true friend? Do the
questionnaire on the right then turn to
page 122 to find out.
2 In pairs, compare your scores. Who is a
better friend? Do you agree with the
results?

3 Your best friend has bought an outfit just like yours. You ...
a) tell him / her to change it - you don't want to look like
twins.
b) feel happy about it - it shows that you have similar tastes.
e) don't think about it - these things happen.
4 Your best friend tells you a really big secret. You ...
a) don't tell anyone.
b) try not to tell anyone but it's too difficult! Soon a lot of
people know.
e) tell one other good friend .
5 Your new partner doesn't get on with your best friend. You ...
a) stop being friends - your new partner is more important.
b) explain to your partner that your best friend is really
important to you.
e) never see both of them at the same time.
6 Your best friend is having problems with his / her partner.
You ...
a) don't want to hear about it. It's your best friend's problem.
b) think your best friend is right.
e) can see both sides of the story.

19


Just good friends
Reading & Speaking
1 Do you like soap operas? Why/Why not? Do you have a
favourite one? Which are the most popular in your country
at the moment?
2 Read this introduction to the classic TV series Friends. Have
you seen it?

The comedy series Friends ran for a record ten seasons.
It started in 1994 and it remained the number one comedy
in the US for a decade, making its lead characters
millionaires.
The series focuses on the friendship of three men and
three women. They meet at each other's apartments and
relax at Greenwich Village's Central Perk coffee house.
3 Look at the photos of the friends and match them with
these jobs.

businessman
chef
fashion executive
out-of-work actor palaeontologist singer / son gwriter
4 Think of an adjective to describe each of the friends '
personalities.
5 Read the text and check your answers.
6 Fill in the Friends relationship chart with the correct names.

Monica is a chef who is obsessively tidy. She is the central
figure in the series. She married Chandler.
Chandler is the most sarcastic 'friend'. He works in a boring
business job and has a great sense of humour.
Ross is Monica's brother. He works as a palaeontologist in a
natural history museum and is the most intelligent and sensitive
of the friends. He has an on / off rel at ionship with Rachel.
Rachel works as a fashion executive and is quite spoilt. She has
had lots of ups and downs in her search for love. She used to
share an apartment with Monica and th en with Joey.
Joey is a simple out-of-work actor. He loves sports, women ,
food and ... women ! The other friend s laugh at his macho
character. He used to share an apartment with Chandler.
Phoebe is a new-age hippy singer / songwriter. She sees the
good in everyone. For many viewers, she is the series' funniest
and most unpredictabl e character.

1

IZonn ~ brother/sister ~

2__

~

married

~

~ ex- ro ommates ~

20

1m!

3

5

Try the internet activities for this Unit at www.webframework.net.


Lives and loves
Writing

A soap opera
LOCATION : London / Sydney / San Francisco
THE BOYS

THE GIRLS

1 Work in pairs. Design your own soap opera. Choose
three men and three women from the ist of characters.

2 Decide on the background. Complete the gaps.
The programme takes place in ___ . ___ lives
with ___ . ___ shares a flat with ___ . _ __
is going out with ___ . ___ is ___ 's girlfriend.
3 Write the outline for an episode. The setting is a party.
Decide who meets who and what happens. Here are
some ideas:

Andrew (33): A rich
English lawyer. He's
looking for a girlfriend.

pair just arrived in the city.

X saw that Y was dancing with Z ...
X told Y a secret about Z ...
X arrived with Y but left the party with Z .. .
Remember to use the appearance / personality
adjectives, relationship verbs and Past Simple /
Continuous tenses where possible.
4 Read your stories to the class. Which episode sounds
most interesting? Why?

TAKEAWAY ENGLISH: Chatting up
A chat-up line shows someone that you are
interested in him / her and you want to break the ice.
Can you think of any chat-up lines in your language?

Jsinessman with a child.

actress and sports enthusiast.

1 (8) Listen to three couples. ~here are they?

2 Listen again. Tick (.I') the chat-up lines you hear.
Are they success)ul?!

a) Do you come here often?
b) Can I get you a drink?
c) Are you on your own?
d) How do you know X?
e) Has anyone ever told you you've got
beautiful eyes?
f) Excuse me, have you got the time?
g) Your face is really familiar.

(!

3 How good are the chat-up lines in exercise 2?
Give them a score (10 = the best, 1 = the worst).
Compare your answers with a partner.
4

In pairs, invent your own dJalogues. Choose a
place and a chat-up line - good or bad!
A:

designer and guitarist.

B:

11215 an'(one ever told 'Iou '(ou've got
beautiful e'(e5?
£rrr, no. ~ee 'Iou!

Now do Unit test 2 on your CD-Rom.

21


Work it out
• Present Perfect
• Present Perfect + tor & since

Just the job
Speaking & Vocabulary
Jobs / Job adjectives
1 What would be your ideal job? Why?
2 Match the adjectives with the jobs in the photos.

badly paid
repetitive

boring
skilled
tiring

creative
sociable
well-paid

interesting
stressful

3 In pairs, discuss your ideas.
A:
B:

BOUnc.e.r5 nave. a ve.ri Mc.iable. job.
I don't tnink it' 5 5oc.iable. be.c.au5e. iOU don't nave.
time. to talk to pe.ople..

4 Rank these phrases from most to least positive.
I'd really like to be a ...
I wouldn't mind being a ...
I'd love to be a .. .
I'd hate to be a .. .

5 Which of these jobs would you like to do? Which would
you dislike? Why?

I'd nate. to be. a bounc.e.r be.c.au5e. I don't like. nigntdub5.

22

PI

Jobs: Try exs. 7-3 on your CD-Rom.

• Present Perfect + yet
• Jobs I Job adjectives

• /jl ~ /d31
• A job interview


Work it out
Listenin
6i) Listen to three people talking about their
jobs. What do they do? How long have they
done these jobs?
Listen again and answer the questions.

1
2
3
4
5
6

Who
Who
Who
Who
Who
Who

works in an office? 'Sadieis badly paid?
wears a uniform?
has a lot of experience?
only works at night?
has a repetitive job?

Check your answers with a partner.
Who is the most positive about his I her job?
Who is the most negative? Why?

Language focus
r-

DL

Practice

__ _

Underline the correct verb form: Past Simple or Present Perfect.
Look at the example:
I don't know why I've worked here for
so long . It's been nearly two years.
SADIE:

Is Sadie talking about a job she did in the past or
one she does now?

The Present Perfect can be used for actions
that started in the past and continue into the
present.
Complete the ru le.

We form the Present Perfect w ith have / has +

1 I had / have had a job in a warehouse last year.
2 My sister went / has been for a job interview yesterday.
3 Jason has a great job in New York - he worked / has
worked there for two years.
4 When I was a student, I wanted / have wanted to be an
astronaut.
5 I didn't do / haven't done much work recently.
6 She earned / has earned more money than me last
January.
7 I never went / have never been to China, but I'd love
to go one day.
8 I knew / have known my next-door neighbour for years.

Look at these sentences.
JiJl's a doctor. She started working twenty
years ago.

.______ ___?Q _y.~?: ~-~- -------,

*

1988
Doctor

i (2008)
Now
Doctor

Put the information into one sentence.
Jill .................................. a doctor for twenty
years .

The Real Thing:
1

M

you see / let me see

Listen and complete .

What are the good points?! ___ - well, it
gives me extra money for the summer and free time
during the day. I only work at nights and at the
weekends, ___ .
RICHARD:

2 Complete the rules with you see and let

me see.

Present Perfect and Past Simple

___ is used when you are trying to remember or
think of something .

She worked in a shop for two years.
She has been a famous actress for over 25 years.

___ is used when you are trying to explain
something.

Which time period is finished? Which continues
up to now? Which tense do we use for each?
Put the time expressions into the correct lists.

Finished time

Time up to now

two years ago
for ten years
last night
this week
yest~rday
never

See Reference Guide, pp. S-6.
See Workbook, p. TS, exs.T-3.

3 Work in pairs. Answer the questions with you see / let me
see and continue the conversations.
1

A:

B:

2

A:

B:

3

A:
B:

4

A:
B:

Which countries have you visited?
... I've been to ...
Can you come to the party tonight?
No, _ __ , I have to go ...
When are you going on holiday?
We're leaving on ... ___ ... on Thursday .. .
Did you pass the exam?
No, ___ , I didn't study very hard ...

23


The best candidate
& Readin
1 Discuss these questions.

1 Is it easy to find work where you live?
2 Which of these factors is most important
in getting a good job? Are there any
other important factors?
appearance
personality

contacts
qualifications

2 Read the information below about Debbie and
Alonso. Who do they need and why?

~

[http:/www.creativepeoPle.COmldiana::::
bi::::.
shO
:!:
P_ - : : - _ - - - - o - _ - : : - -

Name: Diana Bishop

Age: 34

Debbie wants someone to take photos of
her wedding and the party afterwards. She
is looking for an experienced
photographer who is friendly and sociable.
She hopes to find someone who charges a
reasonable price.

Occupation: Professional photographer
Experience: Diana has worked as a professional photographer
for ten years. Her specialist areas are major events,
weddings and concerts. Last year, she
photographed the Oscars for a major newspaper.
Qualities: Professional and perfectionist.
Special notes: More expensive hourly rate than
some photographers.
See portfolio for more details at
Diana@photoexpress.uk

Present Perfect + tor and since
Look at the examples and complete the rules with for or since.
Nathan has worked as a photographer for five years.
Dr Dance has worked as a DJ since he was 20.
~

.................. shows the point at which a period of time begins .
.................. is used with periods of time.
rind one more example at each tram the texts .
Complete the table so that the information is correct from today:
since
yesterday
2004
I was ten
my last English class

Alonso wants to have his 21" birthday
party in a pub and good music is essential.
He is looking for a DJ who has a large
record collection. He wants people on the
dance floor all night!
3 Debbie and Alonso found two candidates for
each job (see right) . Who do you think they
chose, and why?

for
24 hours

Work in pairs. Ask and answer these questions in the
Present Perfect. Use for or since in the replies.
How l ong have you studied English?
How long have you lived in this town / city?
How long have you known your teacher?

See Reference Guide, p. 6. See Workbook, pp. 75-76, exs. 4-6.


Work it out
Listenin
1
Name: Dr Dance
Age: 28
Occupation: Local London OJ
Experience: Dr Dance has
worked as a local OJ in
London since he was 20. His
favourite types of music are
techno, house and garage.
He specialises in parties and
smal l discos.
Qualities: Flexible, professional and cheap!
Special notes: He has an enormous collection of dance
music and a great talent for choosing the perfect track.
He is also happy to play requests.

M

Listen to Debbie and Alonso talking about the
person they chose. Answer the questions.

1 Who did they each choose:?
2 How did they make their choice?
3 Were they happy with their choice? Why I Why not?
2 (3.5) Listen and complete the sentences.

1
2
3
4

She's ___ an excellent job.
We haven't ___ all the photos yet.
She's ___ us the photos of the ceremony.
I haven't ___ him yet.

3 Were they happy with their decision? Why? / Why not?

Present Perfect + yet
Look at the examples and choose the correct word to
complete the rule.
I haven't paid DJ Wicked yet.
Has Alonso paid DJ Wicked yet?

We use yet in positive I negative sentences and
questions to mean 'any time up to the present' .
See Reference Guide, p. 6. See Workbook, p. 76, ex. 7.

Practice
Complete the dialogues with for, since or yet.

1

A:

Have you seen the new Bond film ___ ?

B: No. Actually, I haven't been to the cinema _ __

months!

Practice

2 A: I haven't done my homework ___ .

1 (3) Listen and write down the words you hear: Put
for or since before each phrase.

B: Really? But you've had it ___ last Tuesday!
3 A: Have you ever been to Iceland?
B: No. I haven't been ___' , ·but I really want to go.

1 for f.>i'f. monthf.>
2 Make true sentences about yourself starting I
haven't. .. for the phrases in Exercise 1

I haven't been to the Ginema for f.>i'f. monthf.> ...
I haven't been on holidai f.>inGe J'anuari ...
3 Compare your sentences with your partner's. How
similar are your experiences?
4 Write three facts about yourself.

I live in Berlin .
5 Work in pairs. Student A: Tell Student B one of your
facts. Student B: Ask questions with how long ... ? +
Present Perfect.
A:
B:

A:

I live in Berlin.
110w long have iOU lived there?
I've lived in Berlin for about fifteen iearf.> / f.>inGe
I waf.> a Ghild.

Pronunciation
/j/ yet and /d3/ jet
1 (3.6) Which word do you hear?

1 yet I jet
2 yell I gel
2

M

3 jaw I your
4 job I yob

5 joke I yolk
6 used I juice

Practise saying these words. Listen and repeat.

yacht

yeah

yellow

yoga

yoghurt

young

3 (8) Listen and repeat these words. How many
different ways of pronouncing yare there?

pretty really you yoga system type reply try
4 (3.9) Practise saying these . sentences. Listen and check.

1 I don't like that type of yoghurt.
2 That's a job for yuppies.
3 I really like skiing in January.

Swap roles.

r

For and since: Tryexs. 1-3 on your CD-Rom.

25


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