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Oxford new horizons 4 workbook

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OXFORD
tJ~I\'ERS ITY

PRESS

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The authors and publisher would like to thank Csiszar Barbara, Matolcsi Cabor,
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The authors and publish er a,-e grateful to those who have given pemJission to reproduce
the following extracts and adaptations 0 copyright material: p.12 Extracts from 'The
good sleep diet' by Fiona MacRae. Daily .\/ail, 30 March 2011. Reproduced by
permi ssion of Solo Syndication: p.13 Extracts fro m 'Now health and safety
cut number of holes in chip shop salt shake rs' by Polly Dunbar, The Mail on
Sunday, 28 June 2008. Reproduced by permiss ion of Solo Syndication; p .22
Adapted extracrs from 'Take a peek and rhey' ll know about it' by Mark Harris,
The Sunday Times, 29 June 2008. Reproduced by permission of NI Syndication;


p. 23 Feature on Hugh Laurie is adapred fro m an article in The Sunday Times
Culture magazine by Alan Jackson. published 10 April 2011. Reproduced by
permission of ,\1 Syndication: p.32 Extracts fro m 'Hello, class , I'm the 16-yearold head' by Dean '\elson. The Sunday Times, 29 June 2008. Reproduced by
permission of \1 Syndication: p.33 Extracts from 'Move over, Lewis! A 50mph
ace with a £15,000 deal. .. and he's only fo ur' by Andrew Levy, 8 October
2008, Daily _\/ail. Reproduced by permission of Solo Syndication; p.42 Extract
from 'Should I say no to a mobile upgrade ' by Lucy Siegle, 16 July 2006, The
Observer Magazine. Copyright Guardian News & Media Ltd 2006. Reproduced by
permission; p.-l3 E"TIacr from 'Whizzkid nets £2m ' by GeoffMaynard , Daily
Express, 3 November 2003. Reproduced by permission of Express Syndication.
Illustra tions by: Paul Da\iz pp.l1. 14, 19, 25, 40; Tim Kahane p.6; Gavin Reece p.16.
Commissioned photograph}c Chris King p.3 9.
The publisher would like to tha'1k the follo\\'ingfor their permission to reproduce
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Barrak/AFP); Oxford Un iversity Press pp.62 (Doctor/Image Source), 62 (office
worker/Photodisc).


r: --"'- '-"------ '-', "
, Unit 1
4-7

I

!
11

Unit 2
8-11

Vocabulary:
Exercise and fitness
Grammar:
used to • past habits
Adverbs
Comparative adverbs
Verbs + to or -ing
Functions:
Talking about lifestyle

Vocabulary:
The body
Grammar:
have/get something done

r-~"'-~'-"-

I Unit 5
24-27

I

should have, ought to have
Reported questions
Reported speech • ask, tell, want
Functions:
Reporting requests and
instructions
Unit 6
28- 3 1

should/ought to
Functions:
Giving advice
Talking about health
I
: Exam skills 1&2

Unit 3
14-17

I
I Unit 4
18-2 1

12-13

Vocabulary:
Emotions
Grammar:
Second conditional
First or second conditional?
wish + Past simple
make + object + adjective or verb
Functions:
Talking about feelings
Vocabulary:
Relationships
Grammar:
Question tags
Past perfect
Past perfect or Past simple?
Reported speech • say, tell
Functions:
Checking information

Exam skills 3&4

22-23

"--

Vocabulary:
Charities and world problems
Grammar:
Past simple or Past simple
passive?
Pass ives
Present perfect passive
Reflexive pro nouns
Reflexive o r reci procal pronouns?
Functions :
Talki ng about developments

Exam skills 5&6

Unit 7
34-37

32- 33

Vocabu la ry:
Ph rasa l ve rbs
Grammar:
Ve rb te nse revision

be used to , get lIsed to, lIsed to
Functi ons :
Texting

Unit 8
38-41

Vocabula ry:
Life choices
Grammar:
Third cond it ional
Conditionals revisio n
wish - Past perfect
Functions:
Tal ki ng abo ut regrets

I Exam skills 7&8
'-

Grammar reference 44
Functions bank 51
Word list 56
Speaking exam skills resources

-~",,~~

Vocabulary:
Crime and punishment
Grammar:

62

42- 43
------~./


2

lary
e"'c ·se and fitness

Complete the sentences with the correct form
of go, do or play.
1 Mike
hour every day.

_ ssword.

2
I

2

_ _ __ _ rowing last Saturday morning.

3 A What's Katie doing this morning?

I

B She's
3

.-----

4 People who _ _ _ _ _ aerobics regularly

-

I

are usually very fit.
5 Liz _ _ _ _ _ Tai Chi every morning.

L

7

"

CJO

r-

CJ2

L--

6 I've never _ _ _ _ _ squash before.

I

-

Grammar

-

used to • past habits

13

--.,

volleyball for the

school team .

i--

~

karate in the gym for an

-

3 Rewrite the sentences with used to .

.

1 My grandfather read a lot when he could see

better. _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _
--.-:-::':'. yo u do _ _ , you lift discs of metal
-: 2. metal bar to develop your muscles .

2 Did you go skiing when you lived in Slovenia?

. 2.:"°e roo m where people do exercise.

__

'50rous exercise to music which you do in
~":':;:> , fo llowing a teacher.

3 My aunt was thinner when she was younger.

:' ..:g:)\" and foo tball are played on a _ _ .

4 We didn't go to the mountains on holiday

'.::Y":

go _ _ in a boat on the river.

. -0l

in goo d physical condition.

when we were children. _ _ _ __ _ _ _

- :-. ::1artial art where you wear special gloves
.::..-:6. hit or kick your opponent. (4,6)

5 She bought a new dress every month .

Do ll

6 Did you get up early when you were a child?

. _-. series of exercises that you do, using
e--=.uipment in the gym.

7 I went to the cinema twice a week.

• -:-je place where you go swimming.
- -.bu play tennis or basketball on a _ _

.

- :\ martial art where you hit or kick your
oppo nent and you learn to break things with
:.-our hand.
9 _-\ martial art where you do a sequence

slow movements to develop a sense of
balance. (3,3)

8 They lived in the country. They had a farm.

4

Complete the text with used to or didn't use
to and the correct verb from the box.

0-

~O

_-\ peaceful activity in which you do exercises
for the mind and body.

1_ A martial art where you wear a white suit
and try to make your opponent fall over.

have (x2)
read
take

play
sit

hate
like

be
walk

Hi, I'm Heather. I'm 16 years old and I've been
at secondary school since I was 11. It's very
different from primary school. When I was at


primary school, we I
the same
teacher all day, bilt at secondary school there's
a different teacher for each subject. When I was
six or seven, we 2
homework
often, but now we get it every day!

3 Emma Sterling - she lived in Norway, now
she lives in Spain.

to school with my mother
I3
in the mornings, but now I catch a bus to
school. After school my mum 4_ _ _ _ __
me home, but now I'm older I sometimes go for
a coffee with my friends before I catch the bus
home. When I was five, my best friend at
school 5
Jane. We
_ _ _ _ _ _ together in the playground
and talk to my
every day. I 7
friends during the break, like I do now. The
thing I 8
most at primary
school was 'story time' , when the teacher
_ _ _ _ _ _ us a story. But I
to
sports day because I wasn't
good at running. That's the best thing about
secondary school - you have more choice of
sports, and I do yoga and gymnastics now,
which I really enjoy.

4 You - you used to be a baby, you aren't a
baby now!

5 My grandparents - they played tennis , now
they play cards.

6 My family - we didn 't have a dog, now
we've got a dog.

Now write questions and short answers about
Heather, using the ideas in brackets.
1 (walk/ school) Did Heather use to walk to

school? Yes, she dtd
2 (catch/bus/home) _ _ _ __ _ _ __
3 (play/Jane) _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __

Adverbs

6

Use the adjectives to make adverbs.
1 usual

6 magic

2 crazy

7 dangerous

3 late

8 easy

4 real

9 terrible
10 happy

4 (like/running) _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __

5 possible

5 (do/yoga) _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __

Comparative adverbs
7 Complete the table.

5 Read the information, then write three
affirmative or negative sentences with used
to so they are true for each person.
1 Molly Grant - she was a nurse, now she's a
farmer.

She used to wear a uniform.

adjective

adverb

comparative
adverb

fast

fast

faster

good
far
hard
careful

2 Peter Jackson - he was a very bad student,
now he's a good student.

slow
bad
quick

o


8

Complete the dialogue with the correct
comparative adverb from the table on page S.

10 Translate the sentences.
1 Tanya runs faster than Nicole.
2 Yesterday Oxford United played much better
than Swindon Town. _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _

3 Paul doesn 't play football as well as Andy.

Trainer That was a great run! You can run
much I
faster than anyone else!
Matt

Yes, but not for long distances. Chris
can run much 2
than me.
I get tired 3
than him.

Trainer Well, you need to plan 4 _ _ _ __
how you are going to run. When you
start running, try going 5_ _ _ __
at first , then you won't get tired .
Matt

Right! I'll try that.

Trainer The next thing in the triathlon is
cycling . The others are 6_ _ _ __
at cycling than you. You need to train
_ _ _ _ _ . Why don 't you ride
your bike to school every day? You 'll
soon get better.
Matt

9

But what about my swimming?

4 You can contact him more quickly by email.

5 In cities bikes often travel faster than cars.
6 After the accident Sonia started to drive
more carefully. _ _ __ _ __ _ _ __

Verbs + to or ··.jng
1 1 Choose the correct alternative.
1 He was starving! He stopped to eat/eating
something.
2 My mother gave up smoking/ to smoke five
years ago.
3 I'm trying learning/ to learn Japanese.

Trainer Your swimming's not bad, actually.
Most of the others are much
_ _ _ _ _ at swimming than you!

4 Remember to give me back/giving me back
the Green Day CD.

Use the words to write sentences with the
correct comparative form of the adverbs.

6 Don't forget to buy/ buying me a present!

1 Nick/ play basketball/well/James

5 I've got a week's holiday. I like going/ 'd like
to go to the mountains.
7 Have you finished doing/to do your
homework?
8 I promise to be/ being nicer to my sister.

2 Martin/run/ fast/Jake

12 Complete the sentences with the appropriate
3 my mum/ drive/ safe/ my dad
4 John/ learn/ easy / his brother

pair of verbs in the correct tense. Use verb
+ to-infinitive or verb + -ing.
stop/ talk
hope/become

try/ call
like/ go out
forget/give

5 he/ work/slow / his colleague

1 I'm sorry. I _ _ _ __ _ _ Judy your
message when I saw her.

6 Jackie/sing/ beautiful/me

2 The students _ _ _ _ _ _ _
teacher came into the room.
3 Eva is _ _ _ __

et

-:=-_

when the

a doctor.


4

_ __ _ _ __
was switched off.

5 I'd
don't we go bowling?

him, but his mobile

the dialogue.
this evening . Why

Functions
Talking about lifestyle
13

B Choose the correct alternatives to complete
A lDid you use to/Used you to do more exercise
when you were little?
B Yes, I 2used to/did. I used to play with my
friends in the park every day.
A How 3do you use to/ do you spend your free
time now?

Complete the sentences so they are true for you.
1 I enjoy _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __

B I like playing chess. I play chess quite 4 we ll/

2 I hate _ _ _ _ _ _ __ __ _ _ _ .

A sDid you use to/Used you to walk to school?

3 I really love _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __

B No, I 6 usedn't/didn't. The school was too far
away, so my parents drove me there.

4 At the moment I can't afford _ _ _ __
5 This year I hope _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __
6 I absolutely refuse _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __
7 Recently I've started _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ .
8 I find it irritating when people keep _ __

Unit 1 Revision
A Correct the mistakes in the incorrect
sentences. Tick V the correct sentences.
1 Melanie cooks well than Andrea.
2 The team played bad.

good.

A What 7 did you use to/used you to eat at
school? Did you eat burgers and chips?
B No, I didn't because my mother wanted me
Bto eat/eating healthy food. Now I usually
geat/use to eat healthy food but I can't stop
lOto eat/eating chocolate. I love it!

C Translate the sentences in your exercise book.
1 I stopped playing football.
2 Anne used to live in Glasgow but now she
lives in Birmingham.
3 I hope to go to Italy this summer.
4 When I was a child, I used to like playing
football but I don't like it now.
5 I refuse to study on Saturday evening.

3 Did you used to do sport when you were a
child? _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ __

6 Did you use to go to the swimming pool
every day?
7 Emma plays basketball better than me.

4 I used going to the gym twice a week.

8 They speak French worse than me.

5 John drives carefullier than Bob.

Translation (l!!J

6 Keep to go, the library is at the end of this

In English, we can use the verb stop with both an
-ing form or a to-infinitive. The meaning is very

street. _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ __ _ __ _

different.
I stopped drinking coffee. (= I don't drink coffee

any more.)

7 I'll never forget to meet Orlando Bloom!
8 The teacher suggested to do her course.

I stopped to drink (aJ coffee. (= I was on my way
somewhere, and I made a stop and had some
coffee)

o


Vocabulary

Grammar

The body

have/get something done

1 Look at the picture and complete the
crossword with names of parts of the body.

2 Complete the sentences using have/get
something done. Choose one verb and one
noun from the box.
cut
el-eatt
test

eyes
repair
photos

hair
car
print

check
teeth
effitftes

1 You go to the dry cleaner's

to have7 vour

clothes cleaned
2 You go to the optician's

3 You go to the garage _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

4 You go to the photo shop _ _ __ _ _ _
5 You go to the hairdresser 's _ _ _ _ _ _ _
6 You go to the dentist's _ __ _ _ _ _ _

3 Use the words to write questions with have
something done.
1 he/ his house/ paint/at the moment?

/s he having his house f-al'nteJat the
moment?
2 how often/you/your teeth/check?

3 they/ their homework/ mark/yet?

4 wherejyou/usuallyjyour hair/cut?

5 we/going to/the food/deliver?

6 they/swimming pool/clean/ last week?

o


4 Rewrite the sentences with have/get
something done s o the meaning is the same.
1 Someone is going to repair my computer.

Nicole Well, I took it to the shop last week. It
should be ready this afternoon. Now,
(car)?
have you 3
Dan

2 He'll publish a new novel by the end of the
year. _ _ __ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ __

3 My sister is checking my Maths homework.

(some
Nicole And have you 5
flowers) to your mum for her birthday?
Dan

4 Someone is building a new house for him.
5 A photographer took Martha's photograph
yesterday. _ _ __ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _

Yes, I had it fixed yesterday. It cost
£200! And I've 4 _ __ _ __
(clean) too . It looks like new!

Yes, I have. I did it yesterday. Oh,
you've 6
(hair) - and it
looks very nice!

Nicole No, I haven't! I haven't been to the
hairdresser's yet! Huh! Now, what are
we going to eat this evening? The fridge
is empty.
Dan

6 Someone is piercing my ears tomorrow.

I'm going to 7
I'll phone for one now.

(pizza) .

Nicole Great! Now where are the ferry tickets?
7 An expert will remove Gary's tattoo.

Dan

You've got them.

Nicole No, I haven't! Did you arrange to
(tickets) here?
8 They renewed Jenny's passport last week.

5

Dan and Nicole are going on holiday. Look
at the list they made, then complete the
dialogue with the correct form of have/get
something done.

Dan

Oh, no! I forgot. Now what are we
going to do?

Nicole I'll phone the travel agent now .. .

should/ought to
6 Sarah has written a letter to ask for advice
about one of her friends. Read the reply she
has received and complete the text with
should, ought to or shouldn't and the correct
verb from the box.

DavI
)ac.kef - dv-y c.leaV1 t/
qav-aqe - ti~ c.av- t/
c.av- wash - c.leaV1 c.av- t/
seV1d tlowev-s fo

rI1UrIl

phoV1e Piz.z.a Palac.e - delivev- piz.z.a fhis eveV1iV1q

/J ic.ole
c.arllev-a Shop - v-epaiv- c.arllev-a t/
haiv-dv-essev-s - c.uf haiv-

Nearly ready!

Nicole Hmm ... are you sure? Have you
1 hadyourjacketgrycleaned (jacket)?
Dan

go (x2)

do

see

speak

tov- hev- bidhday t/

phOV1e fv-avel aqeV1f - av-v-aV1qe fo seV1d tev-v-y fic.kefs

Dan

[eat

Yes, I have. And have you
_ _ _ _ _ _ (camera)?

Dear Sarah,
I understand that your friend doesn't
want to talk about her problem, but if
you want to help her, I think you
1
to her openly and
give her some advice.
First of all, she 2
on a
so much
diet. She 3
junk food and she 4 _ __ _ _ _ _
more sport. She 5
to
school by bus but on foot or by bicycle.
She 6
her friends
more. Then she'll feel happier and more
confident. Why don't you invite her out
more often?

e


S 'I've got a terrible toothache'. You should
take a painkiller.
IfI _____________________________

7 Use the ideas in the box to write eight
pieces of advice about improving your
English. Write four sentences with should or
shouldn't, and four sentences with ought to.
DVDs in English
your own language in English lessons
English-speaking country
English books and magazines
ten new words every day
English-speaking penfriend
songs in English
English sites on the Internet

6 I've got a temperature and feel sick. You

ought to stay in bed.
Why ____________________________

9

Choose the correct alternative.
1 If I were you I go/I'd go home now.

2 You'd better not say/to say that.
1

2

3 Why don't you/You'd better wait for your
parents?

3

4 You shouldn't/oughtn't eat too much meat.

4

S Should/Ought to I speak to him about my
problems?

S
6

~

______________________________

7 _________________________________

6 If I were you, I wouldn't/I don't go to his

party.

10 Translate the sentences.

8

1 You should study the Present perfect more

Functions

carefully.

Giving advice
8

Rewrite the advice in italics. Use the
expressions You'd better .. . , If I were you, ...
or Why don't you .. . ?

2 You'd better check your emails more often.

1 It's very late. I think you should phone your

parents.
You _______________________________

3 You shouldn't go to school if you have a
temperature.

2 You're too anxious. Don't drink so much

coffee.
IfI ____________________________

3 It's raining. You should take the bus to school

4 I should visit my grandparents more often.

S Do you think we shouldn't go out?

today.
Why __________________________
6 You'd better not do the exam this month.
4 You're tired . You ought to go to bed early
tonight.
You __~______~___________________


Talking about health

B Complete the dialogue by writing only one
word in each gap.

I I Look at each pi,&ture and write the minidialogues. Write the health problem A
complains about, then complete B's advice.
1 A /'vejof a cold
B Why @n'typu
take an a5tJinn?
;;
I

~
C?

2 A


B You

3 A
B If I

BWhy

.::

:r;
~

, :,

~
o

B You

6 A
B If I

»

J

b

~
(j

Units 1-2 Revision
A Rewr-ite the sentences using the expressions
in brackets.
1 Why don't you buy that jacket?
(should)
2 Someone is going to repair my shoes.
(have my shoes)
3 What a pity you don't come to the judo club
with us,
(ought to)
4 You should tell the teacher why you are late,
(had better)

phone him.

A No, I think it's too late for that. I think it's
over.

B

\

5 A

4

A But how?

--

=.;U

B You'd

B Well, maybe you 5
to move on. If
16
you, I'd try to forget about him.

/7

A
:'

4 A

-7~

A I1
an argument with Luke
yesterday. He 2
phoned me since
then. I need your advice. What 3_ _ __
I do?

7
don 't you come with me to
Katie 's party?

A Do you think I should? Perhaps I 8_ __
go out at all - Luke might phone me!

_

B Well, I think you shouldn't ask me
9
advice! You don 't listen
lO
it anyway.

C Translate the sentences in your exercise book.
1 Have you had your hair dyed?
2 Joe had his watch repaired last week.
3 She hasn 't had her hair cut for months.
4 What should I do about my weight?
5 You shouldn't send him so many text
messages.
6 If I were you , I'd change my job.
7 I've got a sore throat and a cough.
8 You should go and see a doctor urgently.

Translation (jJJ)
In English, it is often more natural to use the
verb have gotto talk about common health
problems than other structures even if these
are grammatically correct
I've got toothache. NOT -My--t:ofJt~
I've got a cough NOT f--et7tttJft
I've got a sore throat. NOT My throat is sore

5 You shouldn't go out in this cold weather.
(if)

6 You'd better not go out with Anne's boyfriend.
(shouldn't)
7 A technician is going to fix our television on
Tuesday.

Carefull We cannot use have got with certain
health problems
I've broken my arm NOT {'~e gat a broken arm
I feel sick. NOT I've got a sickness.
My ankle hurts, NOT fve gat ankle ache:

(fixed)
8 A famous architect is designing our house,
(having)

-


Reading
I Read this article about Vasa, a famous Swedish ship.
Decide if the statements are true (T) according to the text,
or false (F), or if there isn't enough information in the text
to say if the statement is true or not (N). Write T, For N.
Gustavus Adolphus (1594-1632) is considered one of
the most successful Swedish kings. When he became
king in 1611, he inherited three wars: with Russia,
Denmark and Poland. The navy was in poor shape
and so a few years later Sweden had every reason to
worry about the development of the Thirty Years'
War in present-day Germany. This war started in 1618
and, from Sweden's point of view, it was not going
well. The king needed a strong navy in the Baltic.
This is why he welcomed the idea of a fleet of large
ships which could impress and frighten enemies and
allies alike. Vasa was the first in a series of five ships
intended to be among the heaviest and most beautiful
of their time.
It took two years to build ViJsa. On Sunday, the 10th
of August, 1628, the ship was ready for sea just below
the royal palace in Stockholm. An excited crowd of
people gathered to watch the ship leave Stockholm
and to celebrate her departure. Over a hundred
crewmen were on board, as well as women and
children. The crew had permission to take family and
guests along for the first part of the journey. For the
first few hundred metres, Vclsa was pulled along the

Example:

o Gustavus Adolphus was an important figure
in Swedish history. ~

waterfront with cables from the shore. When the sails
were opened to catch the wind, the ship leaned over
to one side, bounced back then leaned again, even
deeper. Water flowed in through the open windows
and Vasa sank, after sailing less than 1,300 metres,
killing at least 30 of 150 people on board.
Why did Vasa sink? It seems to be difficult to say
today. Some experts blame the ship's lack of stability:
they say there were too many guns on board Vc/sa,
and it could not carry the weight.

Vasa was raised from the sea in 1961 and since 1987
it has been displayed in Vasa Museum in Stockholm .
Vasa is one of Sweden's most popular tourist
attractions and since 1961 , it has attracted more than
28 million visitors.

Listening

(Student's GO-ROM)

2 ~ Listen to an interview about an

1 When he got on the throne the Swedish navy
was quite powerful. _

interesting way to lose weight. Complete the
sentences with one word or number in each
gap.

2 The Thirty Years' War started before
Gustavus Adolphus became king. _

o The Good Sleep Diet was a(n)

3 Enemies and allies of Sweden were all
worried about the king's plans. _

1 For participants in the project a good sleep
meant sleeping no more than _ _ _ _
hours a night.

4 Vasa's construction started in 1626. _
S A lot of people came to see the ship's first
departure. _
6 Every member of the crew had their family
on board. _
7 Vasa sank after the sails opened. _
8 Vasa was not suitable for carrying so many
guns on board. _
9 More than 28 million people have visited
Vasa since Vasa Museum opened. _

eXferiment to

help people lose weight more easily.

2 If you sleep well, your hormones will tell
your body how to keep
habits in
harmony.
3 People in the programme were advised to
_ __ _ three hours a week.
4 The experiment lasted

a year.

S People in the project .sould see each other
every _ _ __
6 Frances weighs about
kilos less
than when she started the experiment.


7 Sleeping in a cold room will burn _ _ _ _
fat.
S A
on dirty hands can make our
bodies produce more fat.

Remember to write only ONE word or number as
your answer. Longer answers will not be accepted
in the exam even if they are correct l

Writing
4 You have found the following advertisement
on your favourite website.
1"""'1IIIIII;.,~

I

'''I: "!!!!I!!I!'

:l!-P--( -·~-::91

Do you like going to the cinema?

~

_:

-

-

-- -

Would you like to say what you think of movies
that few people have seen before? Thenjoin
us and become a student jury at our next
International film Festival in Prague this
summer. Let us know if you are interested
at info@studentjury.cz.
-!IiIi

;_A~..

Use of English
3

Read part of an article about salt. Use the
words in brackets to form one word to fill in
each gap. There may be words you do not have
to change.

B

ad road conditions, the terrible state of school
1_ _ (build), rubbish in the streets - there's
no end to the problems local councils have to
solve. But certain councils believe they have found a
2_ _
(good) use for their money: reducing the
number of holes in chip shop salt shakers.

Research has suggested that five holes instead of the
traditional seventeen could cut the amount of salt
people 3_ _ (put) on their food by more than half.
They hoped that the five-hole pots would reduce the
amount of salt people use by 4_ _ (much) than 60%.
However, the idea has not become very popular with
everyone in the city council. Chris Hobson, 5_ _
(lead) of the Conservatives, said: 'This is just silly, a
total waste of money in an area where council tax is
very high. I'm all for good health, but do they 6_ _
(real) think they are going to stop people using as
much salt simply by putting 7_ _ (few) holes in the
salt shaker? They'll just shake it for 8_ _ (long).'
Another local chip shop owner said: 'People will
just put on more salt if they want more. In fact, we
have seen that some people simply decided 9_ _
(unscrew) the top of the shakers to do so.'
A spokesman for the Local Authorities
Coordinators of Regulatory
Services, an 10_ _
(organise) controlling
food hygiene rules,
said: 'Heart disease
costs taxpayers £7 billion
a year, so to say that projects
such as this are a
waste of money
is truly crazy.'
;

.~

You have decided to apply to become a
student jury at the event. Write an email to
the organisers in 50-80 words. Include the
following:
• how often you watch films
• what kind of films you'd like to jury and
why
• ask about the travel and accommodation
costs
• ask about working hours and your fee.

You can only write 50-80 words. Focus on th e
points in the task, and write in short and clear
sentences. In the exam, it is important to write
texts within the word limit

Speaking
5 Work in pairs. You and a friend at an
international language school are planning
a surprise party for another friend's 18th
birthday. First choose one of the ideas from
the list below that you think would suit him/
her best, or suggest something different. Then
discuss how you are going to prepare for the
big day.
Think about:
• who you would like to invite
• how you will keep it a secret
• how you will get your friend to his/her
surprise party.
a party at someone's house
dinner at a fancy restaurant
dancing in a club
going to the theatre / the cinema / a concert
a trip together
YOUR OWN IDEA

CD


Vocabulary
Emotions
I

Put the letters in the correct order to make
emotions adjectives, and complete the
crossword.

1 _

Across
1 bermadrasse
7 dail-kabc
8 dresca
12 sneurov

13
16
17
18

KO
pesdersde
grayn
pseut

2 _ someone/ steal!
my bike

3 _ meet/ famous
film star

4 _ can live/
another country

5 _ can do/ any job/
world

6 _ find / £1,OOO/
street

Down
2
3
4
5
6
9
10

11
14
15

derbo
veerdeli
vienuso
sauljoe
texidec
neoandy
reidrow
tendonfic
aphyp
seanuy

Use the phrases to write Second conditional
sentences.
1

Grammar
Second conditional
2

win/ lottery

Match phrases a-f below with the pictures 1-6.
a be/very excited
b get/really angry
c take/ police station
d give/money/charity
e choose/ Brazil

f become/Grand Prix driver

{l1 won the lottery, l'djive the money to
charity

2

3
4

5
6

Now rewrite the sentenc~ s in your exercise
book so they are.true for you.
t

IfI won the lottery, I'd..


3 Complete the Second conditional sentences

5 Complete the Second conditional sentences

with the correct 10rm of the verbs in brackets.
1 If I
home and I

(be) you, I
(go)
(go) to bed.

2 What
(see) a ghost?

(you/ do) if you

3 If people

(drive) more carefully,
(be) fewer accidents .

there
4 They

_ __

so they are true for you.
1 If my boyfriend/girlfriend went out with

another girl/boy, _ _ __ _ _ _ _ __

2 If I weren 't so lazy, _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __

(understand) you if you
(not speak) so fast.
3 If my parents weren't so _ _ _ __ _ __

S He
(not go) to Eton College if he
_ _ _ (not be) so rich.
6 What nationality
(you/ like) to be
if you
(not be) English?

4 If my teachers were _ _ _ _ __ _ _ __

7 We

(not mind) having a dog if we
_ __ _ (have) a garden.

4

8 If I
(not live) so far from the
school, I
(not have) to get up so
early in the mornings.

S I would go to _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ __

Use the information in 1-6 to write Second
conditional sentences. Use would, could or

6 I wouldn't eat _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ __ _

might.

1 I haven't got much free time. Otherwise I'd

do more sport. _ __ _ __ _ _ _ __ _

First or Second conditional?
2 We can't go out because it hasn't stopped
raining yet. _ __ _ _ _ _ __ _ __ _

3 You can't get a better job because you don 't
speak foreign languages. _ _ _ _ _ __ _

6

Match 1-6 with a-f to make First or Second
conditional sentences. Then read the
sentences again and tick V the examples of
the Second conditional.
1 If you were famous,
2 If Tom gets home early,
3 If I were you,

4 There's a lot of pollution because people
don't use bikes enough. _ __ _ _ __

4 You'll get a fine
S If the rain stops,
6 We could win

S I'm very rich. That's why you love me.

- -0
- -0
- -0
- - 0
- -0
- - 0

a he'll do his homework.
b if you leave your car here.
c if we scored more goals.

6 I haven 't got a digital camera, so I can't
download photos on my computer.

d would you still phone me?
e I'd travel by train .
f I'll go jogging in the park.

G


wish + Past simple

8

7 Rewrite the sentences with I wish.

Read each situation, then write a sentence
with wish and Past simple.
1 It's a pity I'm afraid of dogs.

2 She'd like to travel around he world but she
isn't rich.

3 I'm quite short and I'd like to be taller.

4 He doesn't find Maths easy.

1 I'd really like to
be a bit taller.

5 I haven't got a scooter so I have to walk to
school.

2 Oh no! I can't find
my mobile!

6 They live in Milan but they'd like to live in
Rome.

7 I don't know the answer!

8 She can't swim, but she'd like to learn.

make + object + adjective or
verb
3 I go to work by bus
every day because
I haven't got a car.

4 I've got too much
homework this
evening.

9

Use the words to write sentences with make.
1 too much homework/me/feel depressed

2 funny jokes/me/laugh

3 going out/me/happy

4 travelling/me/feel free

5 flying/me/nervous

6 spiders/me/feel scared

5 I've got such
horrible curly hair!

6 Look at that rain!
I'd like to live in
Spain.

7 too many sweets/my brother/really excited

8 sad films/me/cry


A I'd 7 visit/visited my friends in Italy.

Functions

B Do you think you 8'll pass/pass all the
exams?

Talking about feelings
10 Complete the sentences so they are true for you.
1 Coin" home late at ni"ht makes me /eel scared .
2

bored.

3

excited.

4

nervous.

5

depressed.

6

envious.

A I wish I 9feeljfelt more confident! Exams
always make me lOnervous/nervously.
B You llshouldn 't/ wouldn't worry! I'm sure
you'll do really 12good/ well!

C Translate the dialogue in your exercise book.
Ann

Richard Why?
Ann

Units 1-3 Revision
A Translate the sentences.
1 If I were you, I'd try the chocolate cake.

I wish I lived in the USA.
Because if I lived in New York, I'd
have a more interesting life.

Richard We're very different. I don't like big
cities. Going out in big cities makes
me feel nervous.
Ann

2 If I lost my mobile, my parents wouldn 't buy
me a new one. _____ ____ _ ___

Really? Where would you like to live
if you could choose anywhere in the
world?

Richard I think I'd choose Sweden .
3 I wish I could fly!

If you lived in Sweden, you'd have
to have lots of money. Life is very
expensive in Sweden.

4 Driving at night makes me tired .

Richard Then maybe I should marry a
beautiful, rich Swedish woman!

5 Rebecca wishes she was tall and blonde.

Ann

6 If I had more time, I might go to see you.
7 If Tom studied harder, he'd do better at school.
8 People who arrive late make me annoyed.

B

Ann

Complete the dialogue with the correct
alternatives.

But would a beautiful, rich Swedish
woman want to marry you?

Richard Of course!

Translation (iJ!J
In English, we normally use the -ing form if
the verb is the subject of a sentence, not a
to-i nfi nitive.
Living in Norway is expensive. NOT TA lillp in
NOt"W'OY is expeflsiH3:
Eating too much makes me feel ill. NOT fo-eetf~

A If I lpass/passed all my exams, it would make me
really 2 happy /happily .
B What 3 would/ do your parents do 4that/if you
passed all your exams?
A They'd give me some money 5to go/going on
holiday.
B Great! Where would you like 6to go/going?

G


Vocabulary
Relationships
I Complete the sentences and do the crossword.
Across
1 She _ _ her boyfriend because they had nothing in
common. (5 ,2,4)
4 Jack's _ _ with a girl in my class . (5,3)
6 She's very angry with Zeke because he _ _ her with
another girl. (7,2)
8 We _ _ wen with each other - we're best friends.
(3,2)
11 I argued with Amy last week, but then we _ _ .
(4,2,2)
12 He had a terrible _ _ with his girlfriend last
Thursday and they're both very upset now.

Down
2 Rick _ _ a girl he met on holiday. (2,2,4,4)
3 You must really _ _ someone if you want to marry
them.
5 My brother and his girlfriend are planning to _ _
next year. (3 ,7)
7 My mum _ _ to my dad when she was only 17 and
they got married a year later. (3,7)

Did you know ... ?
The average age for people in England
and Wales to get married is 31 for men
and 29 for women

9 When I heard how horrible she was it _ _ (3,2,3)
her.
10 I can't stand it when people _ _ to me because
I always find out the truth sooner or later.

Grammar
Question tags
2 Complete the mini-dialogues with the correct
question tag.
1 A We've met before, _ _ _ _ _ _ _

4 A Patrick would like to become a doctor,

B Yes, we have. You 're Kelly's brother,
2 A You're leaving for San Diego tomorrow,
B Yes, I am. And you'll be away next week,
3 A Paula didn 't invite Sue to her party,
B No , she didn't. They haven 't argued ,

B I think so. But you have to study hard
and he doesn't like studying very much,
5 A You couldn't lend me £10,
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ ? I want to buy this CD
and I haven't got any cash.
B You've got a credit card,
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ ? Why don't you use
that to pay?


Past perfect

5

3 Rewrite the sentences, using because and the
Past perfect to connect them.
1 The woman didn 't tell the truth. She was
arrested.

The woman was arrested because she hadn't
toM the truth.
2 He didn't study enough. He failed his FCE
exam.

3 They got up late. They missed the train.

Complete the text about Joel's gap year with
the correct Past perfect or Past simple form of
the verbs in the box.
spend
leave
promise
return

travel
continue

fly
speak

Last year Joel had a gap year in South America.
After he 1
a week in Rio de
Janeiro, he 2
to Manaus.
He 3
always
rainforest From Manaus he

to visit the
4_

_

_

_ _ __

4 We didn't have dinner. We were starving.

up the Amazon River by boat to a small village

S He ate too much. He was sick.

Joel 5
a little Portuguese at
language classes, but in this remote village they
- _ _ _ _ _ _ a local language Joel

6 I left my key at home. I couldn't get in.

Past perfect or Past simple?
4

learn (x2)
want
live

Complete the sentences with the correct Past
perfect or Past simple form of the verbs in
brackets.
1 When I
2 By the time we
the concert
start) .
3 We
the children
4 Patricia
when she
the washing-up.
S

for two months with the

When he

9

the vil!age he

ID
to travel through Argentina
and Peru. He 11
home to the
UK in December because he 12_ _ _ _ _ __

his mother to be home for Christmas i

(get) home, Bill
(already/leave) .
(arrive) ,
(already/

6 Complete the story with the correct Past perfect
or Past simple form of the verbs in brackets.

(have) dinner after
(go) to bed.
(phone) me
(finish) doing

(wake up) in the
middle of the night because I
(have) a nightmare.

6 She

(marry) the man she
(meet) ten years before.

7

(not know) you
(read) so many books on
that subject.

S When I
parents
that house.

- _ _ _ _ __

local people By the end of his stay he
- _ _ _ _ __ a little of their language

(be born), my
(already/buy)

I was at the supermarket one day. I
- _ _ _ _ (finish) shopping so I was
standing in the queue at the check-out when
the woman in front of me 2
(start)
talking to me. I 3
(notice) her
while I was shopping because her trolley
_ _ _ _ _ (be) very full of food. 'I'm sorry
for staring at you, but you look like my son:
she said . She explained that her son
- -___ (die) in an accident two years
before. I said I was sorry. Then she said, 'Can I
ask you a favour?' and I said 'Yes, of course.' So
she said, 'When I leave the supermarket, can
you pretend that you're my son and say "Bye,
Mum! '" So I 6
(agree) .

G)


The cashier put her shopping through the
check-out, then, as she was pushing her trolley
out of the door she turned and said, 'Bye, son!'
and I said, 'Bye, Mum.' and she left. Then the
checkout assistant 7
(give) me
my bill. It was almost £100! 1 8_ _ _ __
(buy) just one packet of biscuits so I was very
surprised. The assistant said, 'Your mum said
you were going to pay for her shopping.' 'But
she's not my mum!' 'But I heard you say "Bye,
Mum! ", I 9
(run) out into the car
park but the woman 10
(go). The
manager of the supermarket didn't believe my
story, so I had to phone my parents to come
and sort it out. What an idiot I felt!

5

The police officer told reporters _____

6 _

The pop singer told his fans _ _ _ _ _

Reported speech • say, tell
7

Rewrite the sentences in reported speech.
1 'I'm taking an exam this afternoon.' she told

]ane. ___ _ __ __ _ _ __ _ _ __

2 My mother said, 'I've already had breakfast.'

3 Rachel told her parents, ' I may look for a job

the city.

9

Translate the sentences.
1 ]oe told me that the red dress really suited

me. ____ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ __

for the summer.' ___ _ __ __ _ _ __

4 My friends said, 'We'll go on holiday to
Greece.' _ _ _ __ _ __ __ _ _ _ _

5 'I'm not going to work today.' my father said.
6 Bob told me, , I'm seventeen and I live in
Belfast with my family.' _ __ _ _______

8

Match the quotes A-F with the people in 1-6
who said them. Then complete the sentences
in reported speech.
1 ~ The teacher

sal that the were the worst
class that she hat/ever taug t

2 _

The Prime Minister told reporters _ __

3 _

The footballer said ___ _ _ _ _ __

2 Martha told me that she had seen Rebecca's
new boyfriend. _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

3 The teacher said we shouldn't bring the
dictionary. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

4 Susan said that she would arrive at work
late. ___ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

5 Rob said that he thought he wouldn't come.
6 Nick said that we would bring his CDs .
7 The weather forecast said that it might rain.
8 My mother said that she had already done
the washing-up . _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _

4 _

The news presenter said _______


5 I packed my bags, then I went to the airport.
After _ __ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ __ .
6 My mother told me, 'Don't go to bed late'.
My mother told me _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ .

B Translate the story into your language in
your exercise book.
Yesterday morning something really
strange happened to me. I was going to the
supermarket when I saw Christine, a girl I'd
met in Edinburgh the summer before. 1I said to
her, 'How nice to see you again!' and 2I asked,
'What are you doing in London?'
She looked at me and didn't say a word. 3I said,
'We met in Edinburgh last summer, don't you
remember?' I was very surprised when 4 she
said in French that she couldn't speak English.
sShe also said she'd never been to Edinburgh in
her life. 6I asked her in French what her name
was and 7 she answered that it was Christine!

Now rewrite sentences 1-7. Rewrite direct
speech as reported speech, and reported
speech as direct speech.

Units 1-4 Revision
A Complete the second sentence so it has the
C Translate the sentences in your exercise book.

same meaning as the first.
1 I went to the shops, then I went home.

1 You will write to me, won't you?

, I went home.

2 You weren't at the party last night, were you?

2 'I called you last night but there was no
answer', she said.

3 I had just left the house when my phone rang.

After

She said that _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ __

3 Alice and Tom said that they got on very
well.
Alice and Tom said, ' _ __ _ _ ____ .
4 He said that Chelsea was going to win.
He said, ' _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ __

4 When they came out of the cinema, they
found they had their car stolen.
5 She told me that I should give up eating
junk food.
6 I said that I was a student at the language
school but he didn't believe me.
7 She told us she hoped to leave the next day.
8 lake said he had never seen the film Mission

Impossible.

fa


Reading
I Read an article about a new type of street advertising. Some sentences are missing. Put the missing
sentences A-G in the gaps in the text. There is one extra sentence that you will not need.

T

hink of them as the next
generation of billboards.
Where traditional posters
promoting outdated products
once stood, digital adverts are now
watching you watching them.

o- - - ' ' ' ' - - Think again. The latest adverrs
use smells and 3D visuals to catch
your attention, even sending sound
messages to cut through the noises
of a busy street. Whereas advertisers
were once happy simply to place
posters for doughnuts near police
stations, they now insist on knowing
who is viewing their adverts.

2

- --

-

3

- -- -

'We can even tell if they are men or
women with an accuracy of 85%
and measure who comes closer to
find out more.'
Quividi has digital adverts that
change depending on whether
a man or a woman is watching,
and the company is working on
upgrading its system to detect
different ages and even family
groups. The company say no data is
recorded permanently - they only
use the information to decide on the
advertising content.
One customer of Quividi is
Motomedia, a Glasgow advertising
agency that specialises in interactive
shop windows. A campaign for a
TV show called Pushing Daisies used
sound, video and even the smell of
freshly cut grass, all controlled by
Quividi's technology.

A Companies such as Quividi, a French
marketing technology firm, are happy to
fulfil the demand.
B Think you can ignore them?
C Quividi installs camera systems in billboards,
and a computer analyses people who walk
past.
D It has developed the Audio Spotlight, a
system that projects sound onto a small area
from a distance of more than 18 metres.
E Roadside billboards need planning
permission that will not be given if the
poster means danger for traffic safety or if it
is found to disturb the public in general.

4
- --

-

The effect, the company claims, is to
'surprise and entertain' pedestrians
without being audible to anyone
outside the zone.
If that wasn't enough, three Xscape
ski centres became the first UK
locations to use 3D adverts with
images that 'jump out' about
60 centimetres from the screen.
Can we expect 3D soap packets and
melodies beamed into our heads as
we go to work?
6

- - --

Another piece of comforting news
could come from Bill Wilson of the
Outdoor Advertising Association.
'We did see talking posters in the
past,' he says, 'and the number of
complaints was incredible.'

Listening

(Student's CD-ROM)

2 ~ Listen to an interview with a woman
who did something truly special. Give short
answers to the questions below.
Example:

o How old is William?
He is

7

1 Why was Suzy there when the accident
happened?
She was going to _ _ __
2 How did the accident happen?
William got _ _ _ _ of a Volvo car.

F Holosonic, a US technology company, is
taking the idea one step further.

3 What was Suzy's first idea?

G 'We know how many people have walked in
front of the screen, how many turned to face
the ad and how long they looked at it,' says
Paolo Prandoni, Quividi's chief scientist.

4 Where was the driver of the Valva?

To

the car.

He was _ _ _ _ his car.
5 How did Suzy save the boy?
By making the car _ _ __


6 How was she able to do that?
Suzy thinks that in a dangerous situation we
can be
than normal.

Writing
4

You have found the following letter in your
favourite online magazine.

7 What did Suzy see when she could go near
William?
He was not _ _ _ _ .
8 How is William now?
He quickly _ _ __

~

Your an swer mu st fit th e sentence grammatically
AND logically

Use of English
3

Cheers

Read about the disadvantages of being
famous. Some words are missing from the text.
Write the missing words in the spaces 1-10.
Use only one word in each gap.

Hugh Laurie is ambivalent about his success,
so/s Alan lackson in The Times. Already
popular in Britain, the actor 1_ _ a global
celebrity seven years ago, when he took on the
lead role in the US medical drama House MD.
He's now 2_ _ of the highest paid TV stars in
America, but he 's never found life there easy.
'Los Angeles,' he says, 'is a lonely city. There's
no community. You don't run into people
3_
_ chance. You could go quite mad and end
up spending all day 4_ _ your pyjamas, never
washing, growing those super-long finger nails. '
Fame has only made worse his isolation and
fear of 5_ _ photographed.

Fran from Dorset

I....

Write a reply to Fran in about 150 words.
Include the following:
• what you think of online dating,
• what dangers there may be for her,
• how she could make sure going out on a
date is safe.

°

'Everyone's got digital cameras, and before
you know it, you have caused a traffic jam.
You can't 6_ _ to the left or right in case you
catch another driver's eye. ' He 7_ _ up doing
certain things himself a long time ago. 'Pick
up groceries or collect dry-cleaning? I haven't
done that stuff 8_ _ years ', he says. 'But the
last 9_ _ I tried going to the supermarket I
was photographed and I hated it. I hate people
looking at 10_ _ l've bought, taking photos of
what's in my basket. I hate it. '

Dear friends,
A few weeks ago I friended a guy on my
favou rite social networking site. I know him
from kindergarten from a long time ago. He
confirmed that we are friends and since then
we've exchanged several emails and photos. I know
everything about his family, hobbies and plans for
t he future. Yeste rday he asked me t o go out on a
date with him. I really don't know what to do. Shall
I go or not? Can I t r ust him or not 2 1f you have any
experience or ideas, please, let me know!

Speaking
(Speaking exam skil ls. Resources p.62)

5

Look at the following pictures showing
different ways of people curing their illnesses.
Compare and contrast the pictures. Include
the following points:
• How are the people trying to find a cure?
• What do you think of each way of curing
illnesses?
• Which do you prefer? Why?
• Would you ever try the other way? Why /
why not?

If the exam ta sks gi ves you questions or PO':O:S
to con sider, you must say som ething abot.,: ::'e)
one of them. You can des cribe what yOJ s,,~ ,- :-E
pictures as you start, but quickl y mOle o ~ ~ .: [-,;
questions or prompts.


Vocabulary

Grammar

Crime and punishment

should have, ought to have

I Do the crossword. What's the highlighted

2

word in the middle?

Complete the sentences with should have or
ought to have and the correct past participle
of the verbs in the box.

rz-tell
switch
bring

I--

r;- I--

r;;--

c0-

l--

I--

I--

~

r-- -

call
eat

come
walk
leave

~

5

8

9

ID

1 He arrived late at the station. He

r-- -

earlier.

I-- -

7

2 I didn't wake up on time. I

3

the alarm clock on.

-

3 I didn't know that! You
me everything.

-

4 There was a lot of traffic. We

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

'--

5 She got lost. She

-

by taxi.

6 We're completely wet! We
an umbrella.
7 I didn't know you would be late home. You
me on your mobile.

1 Stealing from shops while they are open.

8 I'm so hungry. I
breakfast before I went out.

2 Stealing cars just to be able to drive them.
3 To destroy or damage things in the street.
4 Someone who sells illegal drugs . (4,6)
5 The police _ _ a suspect to find out more
information.
6 The police _ _ someone if they think they
have committed a crime.
7 Someone who steals from other people in
public places without them noticing.
8 A theft from a house.
9 Robbers sometimes _ _ a bank at night to
steal money. (5,4)

3

Read the situations and write sentences with
the affirmative or negative form of should
have or ought to have. There may be more
than one correct answer.
1 Bob had an accident because he drove too

fast.

2 My brother went to school even though he

was sick.

10 Football hooligans often fight and try to
_ _ (4,2) supporters of opposing teams.

3 She drank too much coffee and she wasn't
able to sleep.

11 Someone who attacks people in the street to
steal their bags, wallets, mobile phones, etc.

4 My previous job was much better than this

one.

5 He was mugged because he was wearing an
expensive watch.

6 The burglar broke in because she didn 't lock
the door.


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