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Oxford new horizons 4 students book

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Grammar

Functions

Exercise and fitness
Past habits
Skills and ability
Extreme sports
New Zealand


used to • past habits
Formation and comparison of
adverbs
Verbs with to-infinitive or -ing

Talking about past habits
Comparing ability
Talking about lifestyl es

The body
Appearance
Advice
Health, illnesses, remedies
Body image

have/get something done
should, ought to

Getting things done
Giving advice
Talking about health

Emotions
Wishes
Feelings
TV reality shows
Mind games

Second conditional
wish + Past simple
make + object + adjective/verb

Imagining different situations
Making wishes
Talking about feelings

The European Union
Relationships
Dating customs in the past


and present

Question tags
Past perfect
Reported speech • say, tell

Checking information
Describing events
Reporting statements

Crime and punishment
Requests
Addictions
Mistakes in life

should have, ought to have
Reported speech • ask, tell,
want

Talking about past mistakes
Reporting questions
Reporting requests and instructions

Charities and world
problems
The news
Soccer Aid
Raising money for charity

Past simple passive
Present perfect passive
Present continuous passive
Future passive
Reflexive and reciprocal
pronouns

Talking about past facts
Talking about developments

Relationships
Texting
Technology

Phrasal verbs
Questions revision • different
tenses
be/get used to
Verb tense revision

Asking questions
Talking about familiar things

Life choices
Regrets
Shopping
Consumerist society

Third conditional
Conditionals revision
wish + Past perfect

Imagining a different past
Talking about regrets

Topic and vocabulary

THE STORY SO FAR / QUICK CHECK


~_

Skills and pronunciation

Optional extension

Reading: matching headings, multiple-choice gap-fill (magazine article, country

Language plus 1 p.S6
Exam plus • p.14

factfile)

Listening: multiple-choice questions (radio show)
Speaking: quiz questions (films and actors)
Writing: a paragraph (your favourite actor)
Pronunciation: used to

Ntrl

, 1:,
G;
... <:

Speaking: conversation (body image)
Reading: predicting content, comprehension questions (magazine article)
Listening: true or false (interview)
Writing: em ail (giving advice)
Pronunciation: vowel sounds

Language plus 2 p .SS
Exam plus. p.15

Speaking: conversation (mind games)
Reading: predicting content, matching photos to information, true or false

Language plus 3 p .90
Exam plus • p.34

m

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~~
--z

;;lCJ
w~
(2oCJ

(magazine article)

Listening: listening for general understanding, mUltiple matching (discussion)
Writing: a summary (summarising an article)
Pronunciation: you + vowel sound
Listening: comprehension questions (interview with a married couple)
Speaking: discussing facts (dating customs)
Reading and speaking: jigsaw reading/information gap, asking and answering
questions, group discussion of advantages and disadvantages (magazine article,

~~

--z

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:f;:<:
Language plus 4 p.92
Exam plus • p.35

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a personal profile)

Writing: a personal profile
Pronunciation: intonation
Speaking: discussing opinions, reflecting on the article (drug addiction)
Reading: predicting content, comprehension questions (magazine article)
Listening: true or false (interview)
Writing: a story (mistakes in life)
Pronunciation: silent consonants

Language plus 5 p.94
Exam plus • p.54

Speaking: discussing facts (world problems), situational role-play (organising a

Language plus 6 p.96
Exam plus • p.55

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charity event)

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Reading: reading for gist, general comprehension (magazine article)
Listening: true or false (monologue)
Writing: semi-formal letter (charity)
Pronunciation: homophones
Speaking: picture-based discussion (technology), individual long turn (for and
against gadgets)

Language plus 7 p.9S
Exam plus • p.74

(magazine article)

Listening: multiple-choice statements (public speech)
Writing: finishing a story (the New Horizons photostory)
Pronunciation: c + vowel

Cr-'

z>--z

;;lCJ
"l~
(2oCJ

Reading: reading for general understanding, reading for specific information,
meaning from context (magazine article)
Listening: identifying arguments for and against (dialogue)
Writing: a 'for and against' essay (technology)
Pronunciation: r (silent and pronounced)
Speaking: talking about experiences and opinions (shopping), speculating about
the future (how the story ends)
Reading: predicting content, general comprehension, matching definitions

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Language plus S p.lOO
Exam plus • p.75

:E


International
Young
Journalist
Competition

Emily, Steve, Amar,
Rebecca, Jackie and
Sophie are all
competitors in the
International Young Journalist Competition
(IYJC) The final is in London. The first prize
is a 6-month contract with the Daily Sunrise.

1 Read the profiles of the finalists and their friends.

Emily Watson, 16
Richmond, England
Emily was Rob's girlfri end
but they had problems.
She liked Lorenzo a lot
She's now confused .

Steve Chang, 17
Manchester, England
Steve's staying with Emily
for the final.

Lorenzo Conti, 18
Florence, Italy
He stayed with Rob on a
school exchange.
He got on well with Emily.
He's now back in Italy with
his girlfriend

Richmond , England
Rob wo rked at his parents' dogs '
home at weeke nds.
He's upset because he and Emily
have spl it up
He's glad Lorenzo's back in Italy

Delhi, India
Amar had problerps in London at first
Things got better when he met Jackie.

She's Rob's cousin.

She's friendly with Amar.

Lisa Jackson, 18
Washington , the USA
She's Emily's e-pal
She's visiting Emily at the
moment They went to Irel and
on holiday together.

Vancouver, Canada
We haven't met her yet


Grammar

Vocabulary
2 Choose the correct word to complete the

5

story about air travel.

1 I don 't think you will/may pass your exam.
You haven't studied enough.
2 We might/can 't go to the cinema or we
could/will stay at home. We're not sure.
3 You mustn't/don't have to pay for the drinks.
I've already paid.
4 Did you must/ have to go to the doctor's
yesterday?
5 If it rains/will rain, we stay/will stay at
home.
6 Unless they arrive/will arrive soon, they
miss/will miss the film.
7 Angela, who/which is in my class, is my best
friend.
8 David's just bought a new mobile, that/
which was very expensive.
9 We promise we might/will come to your
party.
10 Jayne didn 't/wasn't able to finish her
homework.
11 What did/were you manage to do yesterday?
12 How much/long have you had long hair?

Our flight to London took l off/out on time at
six o'clock. We couldn't sit together because we
forgot to ask when we checked 2on/in and the
plane was fulL I had an aisle 3Iocker/seat, and
Kate had one by the window. When we reached
cruising height, the flight 4officer/attendant
served our snacks and drinks. The plane
slanded/got off at Heathrow airport twenty
minutes late. We went through passport
6 control/ area, then we collected our luggage.
A customs 7agent/officer checked my suitcase,
but she was very polite about it. My cousin
Helen was waiting for us in the arrivals Broom/
lounge. It was great to see her again!

3

Match 1-6 to a-f to make phrases about
money. Use each word only once.
1
2
3
4
5
6

4

account
a
in debt
b
c _ cheque
interest
d
card
e
_ money

earn
save
savings
be
cashpoint
traveller's

Complete the words for each phrase.
Ecology
1 s
2 g

p_ _ _ _
w_ _ _ _

Rules of the road
3 z
c
4 t
Computers
5 m
6 D

s
b

Housing
7 t
h
f
8 s
City facilities
9 I
c
10 P
Post office
11 t
12 1
Job skills
13w
14 good c

to d
s

Choose the correct alternative.

6

Complete the sentences with the correct form
of the verbs in brackets.
1 My parents
(watch) TV when the
(ring) .
phone
2 Tom
(call) her while she
_ _ _ _ (surf) the Internet.
3 Jayne
(live) in New York for two
years now, and she plans to stay there.
4 I
(know) Barbara since we
_ _ _ _ (be) at primary schooL
5 It
(rain) non-stop for two days
now.
6 As Chris
(do) his homework, it
_ _ _ _ (start) to snow outside.
7 A lot of dictionaries
(publish) by
Oxford University Press.
8 Swahili
(speak) in West Africa.
9 Xylophones
(not make) from
metal or plastic.
10 Was Othello
(write) by
Shakespeare?
11 We
(have to) take an exam at the
end of next year.
12 What
(happen) when there's an
earthquake?

Natural disasters
15 f
f
16 d

o


My uncle used to play
for the All Blacks
1

Rebecca has offered to take Lisa to a rugby
match between England and the All Blacks
(the New Zealand international team) at
Twickenham .

~ Listen and read.
r---------------~

I love watching rugby.
My uncle used to play
for the All Blacks.

What a pain!
It's sold out!
It's packed!
Just in time!
Weird!

' - - - - - - - - - - - ( Translate it!
That's the Haka. It's a
traditional Maori dance
that the All Blacks do

Comprehension check

2

True or false? Write T or F. Correct the false
sentences.
1 Lisa's uncle was an All Blacks rugby player.
2 Rebecca went to all her uncle' s matches.

3 Rebecca went to All Blacks matches with her
uncle.
4 The girls di dn'r buy ric kets in advance for
this march.
5 Lisa an d Rebecca manage to get into the pub
before he :::a' ch 5 arts .
6 The EI:g~2::': :e2m do a dance before the
mac:.


~ Look!

Vocabulary • exercise and fitness
4 Put the words in the box in the correct
Grammar Guide
used to • past habits

-ANI.

>

column. Add other words in each category.
martial I ~y~ I adjectives I places
activIties
arts

sports

subject + used to + base form

Affirmative
I used to go with my dad.
He used to play for the All Blacks.
Negative
I didn't use to go to all his matches.
He didn't use to take me with him.
Interrogative
Did you use to go and
see him play?

Short answers
Yes, I did./No, I didn't

~'

play volleyball
do kick boxing
do Tai Chi
swimming pool
do gymnastics
football pitch
basketball court

rugby pitch
do karate
tennis court
go rowing
squash court
do weights
do aerobics

lazy
do yoga
sporty
unfit
gym
do judo
fit

Work in pairs. Compare your answers.

~ Check!
3

Complete the sentences with use or used.
1
2
3

~

4
S
6
7
8

9
10

to walk to school but now I go
by bus. It's quicker.
Did you
to play football when you
were younger?
Lucy didn't
to like her singing
lessons but she enjoys them more now.
I
to watch Tom and Jerry but I
don't now. I'm too old .
Did she
to live in London?
I didn't
to do much exercise when
I was younger. I'm fitter now.
Did you
to play in the park?
Edward
to be in the basketball
team at his old school.
We
to have a dog but she died.
Now we've got a cat.
Did Laurie
to be your boyfriend?

What did you use to do?
5 ~ 1:05 ) Think for two minutes about your life
when you were eight years old. Then listen
and write the six questions in your exercise
book.
Work in pairs. Ask and answer the questions.

Life used to be different
6 Vic Spencer, a 92-year-old Londoner, is talking
about his life when he was a boy.
Listen and make notes in your
exercise book under these headings:

Q l:06 )

• school

• food

• free time

1 ~ 1 :03 ) Listen. Then listen and repeat. When
we say used to, the d is silent.
/'ju:stJ/

I used to go with my dad .

2 ~} 1:04 ) Listen. Then listen and repeat.
1 He used to play for the All Blacks .
2 I used to buy a lot of cakes.
3 They used to be our neighbours.
4 We used to live in Edinburgh.

What was life like when your parents
were children? Make notes under the same
headings.
Work in pairs. Interview your partner about
his or her parents' childhood.

r~ Wo: kbook pPA-5~x2-5,.

_


You can swim really well!
7

Rob and Steve are at the swimming pool.

~ Listen and read.

Steve
Rob

Steve

Rob

Steve
Rob

Steve

Rob

Steve
Rob
Steve
Rob

Wow, Rob! You can swim really well!
Well, I've been coming to the pool three
times a week recently. I've decided to make
an effort and get really fit.
It looks like you're getting there. You swim
much faster than me!
Yeah, but you're good at lots of other
things. For a start, you can play tennis
much better than me. You thrashed me last
week.
You're kidding! You can run really fast,
much faster than me. And you can hit the
ball harder and further than me.
Hmm ... I don't think so - you beat me 6-2,
6-3, 6-2! Anyway, it's not just sport that
you 're good at.
What do you mean?
You make friends more easily than me and
you get on well with everyone - I'm a bit
too shy.
Come on, Rob - that's not true! You make
friends easily too - how about Lisa? You
seem to be very friendly with her!
Well, maybe ... But I'll tell you one thing
you're not very good at. You do jt really
slowly.
What's that?
Getting changed! You take ages!
Rubbish! You get changed much more
slowly than me!
We'll see. Last one to get changed buys the
drinks in the cafe.
You're on! Hey! Come back here!

make an effort
you're getting there
For a start, ...
you thrashed me
you take ages
You're on!

'--- - - -- - - - - ( Translate it!

Comprehension check
8

Complete the sentences with Steve or Rob.
1
2
3
4
5

can swim really well.
can swim faster than _ _ _ _
can play tennis better than

can run faste r than _ _ __
thinks
makes friends
more easily than he does .
is good friends with Lisa.
6


~ Look!

Can you play tennis well?
10 Richmond Council are planning to build a
Grammar Guide

Formation and comparison of adverbs

leisure centre next to the swimming pool. A
woman from the Council interviews Rob and
Steve about the sports they do.

Regular adverbs: adjective + -/y
slow ... slowly

~ Listen and complete the chart with the

You do it really slowly

names of sports they mention.

Adjectives ending in -y become adverbs with -i/y
easy ... easily
You make friends easily.
Irregular adverbs
These adverbs are the same as the adjective:
fast ... fast
hard ... hard
late ... late
far ... far
This adverb is completely irregular:
good ' " well
Comparative of regular adverbs: more + adverb
You get changed (much) more slowly than me.
You make friends (much) more easily than me.
Comparative of irregular adverbs
You swim (much) faster than me.
You can play tennis (much) better than me.
You can hit the ball (much) further than me.

not
at all
bad ' " badly
The comparative form of badly is worse.

not
very
well

quite
well

very/
really
well

Steve
Rob

~ Check!
9 Write the words in the correct order, using
the correct adverb form of the adjective in
brackets.
1 speaks my teacher very English (slow)

My teacher speaks Ef1jlt'sh very slowly.
2
3
4
5
6

brother play much I than my football (good)
Luisa English quite speaks (good)
hit my can ball really cousin the (hard)
than play me squash you (bad)
the he others can much than drive (fast)

you
Work in pairs. Make comparisons between
Steve and Rob.
Example:
Rob can swim better than Steve.

11 Complete the last section in the chart about
you.
Work in pairs. Look at your partner's chart.
Make comparisons.
Example:
You can run faster than me.

Write four sentences comparing your
abilities with your partner's.


12 Read the article Rebecca wrote on extreme

Language

sports for a magazine in Auckland.

fl!!J

In English when two verbs are used together,
the second verb is sometimes the to-infinitive
and sometimes the -ing form.
I try to do something new every year.

I can't stop doing
extreme sports

I started doing extreme sports when I was at
school.

by Rebecca Russell

Many people think
that New Zealand is
quite a conservative
country - maybe even
a bit boring. But did
you know that many
of the world's most
dangerous sports,
like bungee jumping
originated there?
I wanted to find out
more about extreme
sports, so I spoke to
one of New Zealand's
most eccentric
sportsmen, Warren
Shepherd.
Warren said 'I started doing extreme sports
when I was at school. My first one was bungee
jumping, over the Shotover River near Queenstown.
I jumped 120 metres, and it was incredible! I still
love bun gee jumping.'
I asked him about the other sports he does.
'It's compulsive. I can't stop doing extreme sports
and I keep trying new ones. I try to do something
new every year. My favourite sport is free-fall
parachuting but it's quite expensive so I can't
afford to go very often. I hope to go to France this
year because I really want to try free-running and
they're the best in the world!'
What does his family think of his hobbies? 'My
parents want me to give up doing extreme sports.
I've promised to stop one day, but only when I have
children. My mum says she hates watching me
leave the house every day, not knowing if I'll come
back in one piece. But I refuse to worry about it.'
Well, Warren, I wish you the best of luck, but I
know one thing - you won't find me hanging from
a piece of elastic 120 metres above a river!

Comprehension check

to . . infinitive or . . ing?
14 Match the sentence halves.
1 _
2 _
3 _
4 _

a
b
c
d
e
f
g
h

I can't afford. . .
I hate...
I promise...
My sister keeps ...

5 _
6 _
7 _
8 _

My dad stopped ...
I hope .. .
I refuse .. .
I started .. .

... borrowing my CDs. It's really irritating!
... to go out. I haven't got any money.
... smoking last month.
... to go travelling if I can save enough money.
... to go to the cinema with you tomorrow.
.. . getting up early in the morning. It's awful!
... to go to school by bike when it's raining.
... playing tennis last year. It's great!

I like having free time
15 Natasha is talking about her free time.
~ Complete the sentences.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

I

sport.

I quite

lazy.
late.
I really
to music.
I
to the gym.
to school by bike.
I couldn't
the bus.
I
to school in November.
9 I ~______ driving lessons.
10 I
a car.
I really

Now write six sentences about your free time
using the first verb in each sentence above.
Work in pairs. Can you guess your partner's
sentences?

13 True or false? Write T or F. Correct the false
sentences.
1 Many extreme sports were invented in New

2
3
4

5



Zealand.
Warren often goes free-fall parachuting.
Warren's family don't approve of his hobby.
Warren intends to give up eventually.
Rebecca wants to try bungee jumping.

~ Workbook pp.6-7 Ex.11-13 )

List these verbs under the correct heading:
-ing or to-infinitive + base form. Then
check your answers in a dictionary.

pretend
suggest

arrange
decide

seem
learn

admit finish
avoid mind


4 Rewrite the sentences with the adverb form

:> used to

of the adjectives in brackets.

1 Read the sentences and complete the rules.

I They won the match. (easy)

Did you use to live in Bristol?
I didn't use to go to the gym.
I used to play tennis when I was younger.

2 I wrote his address. (careful)
3 Allan banged his head. (hard)
4 She did the exercise. (quick)

Affirmative
subject + ______
Negative
subject + didn't
Interrogative
Did + subject +

S The train goes from Bath to London. (fast)

6 Tanya can play the violin. (good)

+ base form
+ base form

5

Correct the mistakes in the incorrect
sentences. Tick V the correct sentence.
I I can play volleyball gooder than you.
2 He can swim faster that me.

+ base form

2 Complete the sentences with the correct form

3 I speak French fluenter than you.

of used to.

4 Chloe sings more beautifully of Jessica.

I

S He speaks German worse than me.
6 My sister works more hardly than me.

2
3
4
S

6

(he/ work) at the
supermarket, but now he works in an office.
(I/ notjdo) any sport, but
now I play squash twice a week.
(she/go) to the cinema
every week?
(I/spend) all my money on
sweets, but now I spend it on clothes.
(they/ not/ eat) healthy food,
but now they eat a lot of fruit and vegetables
every day.
(he/ play) computer games
all day on Saturdays?

:> Verbs + to,...infinitive or ,...ing
6 Complete the chart with the verbs in the box.
refuse
afford
promise

hate
stop
like

to-infinitive

want
hope
start

love
keep
try

I-ing

:> Adverbs
3

Read the examples then answer the
questions.
My English teacher talks very slowly.
Does she play tennis well?
He rides his bike very fast.
Steve makes friends very easily.
You hit me really hard!
I What do adverbs describe: nouns or verbs?
2 What do we add to adjectfves to form most
adverbs?
3 If an adjective ends in -y, how do we form
the adverb?
4 Can you think of two adverbs which are the
same as the adjectives?
S Which adverbs in the example sentences are
irregular?

7

Complete the sentences with the correct form
of the verb in brackets.
I I've given up
(eat) chocolate.
2 I refuse
(take) the dog for a walk!
I always have to do it!
3 She started
(learn) to play the
piano last year.
4 Most students hate
(do) their
homework at the weekend.
(move) to our new house
S We hope
before Christmas.
6 Rick can't afford
(buy) any CDs
this month.

\~orkbOOk p.? Revi~ion ")

e


.' ·

.

.

Skills' and culture

Reading
I Before you read • What do you know about
New Zealand? Try Rebecca's quiz.
1 The native inhabitants of New Zealand are
a) the Aborigines. b) the Maoris.
2 The New Zealand flag is

a)

b)

III

.

3 The population of New Zealand is
a) 4 million. b) 14 million.
4 The currency of New Zealand is the
a) British Pound. b) New Zealand Dollar.
S The capital of New Zealand is
a) Wellington. b) Auckland.

Work in pairs. Compare answers. Now check
your answers on page 111 .

2

While you read • Read Rebecca's article
about the Maoris for the IY lC final. Write
the questions at the beginning of the
correct paragraph: A, B, C or D.
What is Ta Moko?
What is the Haka?
What's the Maori language like?
Where are the Maoris from?

B -=~~~

The Maoris are the indigenous people of New Zealand. Legend says
that they first arrived there in canoes from their mythical ancestral
home, Hawaiki (probably in Polynesia) , I
1000 years ago.
Today about 15% of New Zealand 's population is Maori .

___________

Te Reo M ' . h
2
aon IS t e language of the Maoris.
- - - - used to be discriminat"
.
Ion against Maoris
and speakers of the M . I
aon anguage so
I
about 136 000
'
now on y
,
people can speak any Maori
9% of Maoris (which is 1.5%
at all. Only
New Zealand) can s
I M o~ the total population of
them
pea < aon fluently, and most of
are over 50 years old.
The government wants 3
situation and h
- - - - change this
opes to encourage more people
to speak Maori. For example a Maori TV h
started b d '
c annel
roa casting in 2004 and h
.
t e Maon language
and traditions 4
now part of the school
curriculum.
Here are some Maori word
.
English:
sand therr translations in

Kia ora.
Haere ra.
Kei te pehea koe?
Kei te tino pai ahau.

Hello.
Goodbye.
How are you?
I'm very well.

c ____------------The Haka is a traditional Maori
dance . Maori warriors
5
perform the
Haka before going into battle .
There are many different hakas.
, the
Before rugby 6
All Blacks always pe rform a
modified version of the Haka
as menacingly as they can , to
l
try to scare t heir op onents


~

3

4 Vocabulary. Find the words in bold in the

Comprehension check • Read the Study
Strategy and do the exercise.


(

text and match them to their synonyms or
definitions.

~

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

Gap-fill exercises
When you do a multiple cho ice gap-fi", read the
complete text for a general understanding Then think
about the following:
1 Are there any words you don't know? Try to work
out the meaning from the rest of the sentence.
2 What is the context of the gapped word? What
comes before and after it?
3 What type of word do you need? (adjective, verb,
noun, adverb, prepos ition, etc.)
4 Say the sentence with your chosen word in your
head. Does it so und r ight in the context?

Listening
5 ~ Listen to part of a

radio show about
films with a connection to New Zealand.
Choose the correct answer: a, b or c.
1 Which of these series of films were made in
New Zealand?
a Star Wars
b Harry Potter
c The Lord of the Rings
2 Which of these stars is from New Zealand?
b Nicole Kidman
a Cate Blanchett
c Russell Crowe
3 Which of these films did New Zealand
director Jane Campion not make?
a The Piano
b The Lion, The Witch and The Wardrobe
c The Portrait of a Lady
4 Which New Zealand director made Shrek 2?
a Jane Campion
b Andrew Adamson
c Peter Jackson
5 Which person connected with Casino Royale
is from New Zealand?
a actress Eva Green
b actor Daniel Craig
c director Martin Campbell
6 Who directed The Lord of the Rings films?
a Peter Jackson
b Steven Spielberg
c George Lucas
7 In Amelia's opinion, which is the best New
Zealand film?
a Once Were Warriors
b The Piano
c The first Lord of the Rings film

Read the text again and complete it with the
correct alternative.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a

more
This
of
aren't
used to
sport
does
a

b since
bIt
b to
b is
b did
b pitch
b do
b both

c from
c There
cin
care
care
c battles
care
c two

d about
d They
d at
d do
d to
d matches
d is
done

Ta Moko is th e Maori name for tattoos. They are
composed like a poem or song, using various symbols,
and they describe a belief, a situation, a story or an idea.
Each design is created specifically for the person who
has the tattoo so an individual symbol 7
not
always mean the same thing. The designs and motifs
come from the sea, the land, the sky and the gods.
Historically, 8
men and women used to
wear Ta Moko. It used to be a record of a person 's

achievements and
it used to represent
their status in their
tribe. It was a huge
honour for people
to have Ta Moko,
so Maoris still wear
their tattoos very
proudly tOday.

frighteningly _ _ __
fighters _ _ _ _
place, situation in society _ _ _ _
make someone afraid _ __ _
symbolic images, pictures _ __ _
wooden boats _ _ __
feeling good about themselves _ _ __
an idea you consider true _ __ _

Speaking
6 Work in pairs. Prepare six questions about
films and actors from your country.
Then join another pair and try to answer
their questions.

Writing
7

Write a short paragraph in 120-150 words
about your favourite actor from your own
country.
Extension

Language plus p.86

_


Reading
Exam

Missing sentences

fl!!J

Read the whole text quickly, ignoring th e ga ps,
to get a general understanding The n rea d t he
sentences carefully. Choose your answer by
reading around the gaps carefully and lookin g
for logica l or grammatica l co nnecti ons bet we en
the text and the sent ences.

1 Read about Darren Debono, and fill in gaps
1-5 with the missing sentences A-F to
complete the text. There is one extra sentence
that you do not need.

Listening
The Carnegie International Camp organised by
Leeds Metropolitan University is for boys and girls
aged I 1-18 who want to lose weight adopt a
healthier lifestyle for the future, and make new
friends over the summer.
Darren Debono, 13, was overweight and unhappy,
so his mother, Anne, paid for her son to spend six
weeks at the camp.
Darren says: ' ' _ _ . It got worse at high school. I
was tormented every day. I have some really good
friends, but I still felt lonely. I went to the doctor, but
he made me feel bad. I went on diets, but never
tried doing exercise. I hated PE. at school -I was
always left out when we played football or
basketball.
Mum enrolled me on the camp, but I didn't want to
go. 2_ _ . But I loved it. I could talk to people there
and they understood because they'd had the same
experience as me. It was lots of fun and we had a
real laugh. I tried all sorts of activities and I now go
to the gym and circuit train at least twice a week. I
exercise at home in the morning and before I go to
bed. 3 _ _ .
I'm really proud of myself. 4_ _ . I can't wait to go
back to the camp this summer.'
Darrens Mum, Anne, says: 'Darren was very
depressed. When he went swimming with his
friends, someone told him, 'This isn't for fat kids."
Hes grown up very quickly because of all the
bullying, but he has been very miserable. 5_ _ . He
made a lot of friends, lost weight and he hasn't
stopped doing exercise. He really enjoys it!'
Darrens story shows that with a little
encouragement and support anything is possible.

A I never thought I could lose weight because
I'd failed before.
B I was not very proud of myself.
C I was always pretty big, but kids started
bullying me in the last years of primary school.
D I also play basketball at school.
E My parents were really strict about it so I
said I'd go for two days and if I didn't like it,
I would come home to spend the summer
holidays with my friends .
F When he got to the camp, he loved it.
_

~ Workbook pp.12-13

True or false

2

@:TID Listen to the conversation between
Mike and Sara. Decide if statements 1-8 are
true (T) or false (F). Write T or F.
1 Mike is applying to join the gym. _ _
2 Sara's sister has been a member of the gym
for six months. _ _
3 Mike wants to do as many activities as
possible at the gym. _ _
4 Sara thinks that running and cycling are
better than joining a gym. _ _
5 Mike does a lot of exercise to help him
concentrate on his studies. _ _
6 Sara invites Mike to see a play in London
after the exams. _ _
7 The tickets are cheaper for students. _ _
8 Mike is not sure if he can go to London. _ _

Exam

fl!!J

Read the statements carefu ll y before yo u li ste n.
Identify and underline key words. When yo u
li sten for the first time, find out wh ich sectio rt
of the recording contains your answe r . When
you listen more carefully for the seco nd tim e,
choose your answers.

Speaking
Picture~based

discussion

3 Work in pairs. Look at the photos and
instructions on page 109. Do the exercise.


Use of English

Exam

Open doze

f/!!J

Check your review. Have you included all the
points from the task? Have you written the
correct amount? Are there any mistakes?

I Read an extract from an article about
phobias. Complete the text with one word
only in each gap (1-10).

Speaking
Picture description and picture
comparison

3

Work in pairs. Look at the photos below.
Student A: describe your photo to Student B.
Student B: describe your photo to Student A.
Include the following information.
• Where are the people? What makes you
think so?
• What is the place like? How would you
describe it?
• What are the people doing?
• How do you think people in the picture are
feeling?

Exam

(jJ!J

Read through the whole text quickly before
you start filling in the gaps. Understanding the
whole text will help you find the best words. You
may also find clues later in the text that help
you to fi II in some of the earlier gaps

Writing

4 Look at the two photos again. Compare
and contrast them. Include the following
information:





what may be difficult about both situations,
ways to prepare for both situations,
ways to keep calm in both situations,
which situation would you least like to be in
and why.

Review

2 Think about a scary film you have seen or
a scary book you have read. Write a short
review in 120-150 words of the film/book.
Include this information:
• what the film/ book is and when you saw/
read it,
• what happens in the film/ book,
• why it was scary,
• whether you would recommend it or not.

Exam

f/!!J

If you don't know what a particular detail shows,
don't skip it, try speculating about it (I'm not
sure but it might/c ould be ... , It's probably. .. ,
etc .). It doesn't matter if you're wrong The exam
is about showing how we ll yo u can use the
language, not about guessing correct ly

.."

--~

--

Workbook pp.12-13

48


Have you had your
hair dyed?
1 Rob and Amar are outside a shop which does
passport photos.

~ Listen and read.
Amar Rob, have you had your hair dyed or
something?
Rob
I haven't had it dyed, I've had it cut. I had it
done yesterday at Kutz. I think they did a
great job!
Amar I didn't know you wanted to change your
image.
Rob
Well, I reckon changing your image can help
if you haven't been feeling too great about
yourself. I'd like to have a tattoo done, too.
Amar In India we don't often have permanent
tattoos done. Brides usually have henna
tattoos done on their hands and feet . Are
you going to get your nose pierced, too?
Rob
I'd like to, but it must hurt a lot - and will
I still be able to blow my nose?
Amar Of course you will! Loads of people have
their noses pierced . I haven't had any tattoos
or piercings done, but that's only because I
hate needles.
Rob
Anyway, let's go into the shop - I need to
have my photo taken for my passport.
Amar But. .. Hang on a minute! Did Lorenzo have
his hair cut like that, too?
Rob
I don't know .. . Do you think so?

Vocabulary • the body

I reckon
Hang on a minute!

Translate it!

Comprehension check
2

True or false? Write T or F. Correct the false
sentences.
1 Rob likes his new haircut.
2 Rob's probably been feeling bad about
himself.
3 He's had a tattoo done.
4 In India brides usually have permanent
tattoos.
5 Rob's had his nose pierced.
6 Amar's going to take Rob 's photo for his
passport.

3 ~

Match the words in the box to the correct
part of Rob's body. Then listen and check.
_
_
_
_
_
_

thumb
foot/feet
stomach
tooth/teeth
eyebrow
shoulder

_ leg
_ finger
_ wrist
_ hand
_ mouth
_ bottom

_
_
_
_
_
_

nose
eye
neck
ear
chin
elbow

_ hair
_ lip
_ arm
_ nail
_ toe
_ chest


~ Look!

6 Work in pairs. Imagine that you're in a pop
Grammar Guide

have/get something done
> subject + have/get + noun + past particip le

Affirmative
Brides usually have/get henna tattoos done.
(Present simple)
I had/got it done yesterday (Past simple)
Negative
I haven't had/got it dyed (Present perfect)
Interrogative
Are you going to have/get your nose pierced?
(be going to)
Did Lorenzo have/get his hair cut? (Past simple)

J

Ask and answer to check what you've already
done (V ) to get ready for the gig and what you
still have to do ()C) . Use have/get something
done and the words from exercise 5.
Example:
A Have you had the sound system checked?
B Yes, I have.

She's had lots of things done
7 ~ Chloe and Ethan are talking about
their singer. Complete the dialogue using the
correct form of have/get something done and
the verbs in the box. Then listen and check.
I remove

~ Check!

I

group and you've got a gig tonight. Student
A: You're Chloe. Look at page HI. Student B:
You're Ethan. Look at page 108.

do (x2)

pierce

cut

dye I

4 Complete the sentences using the correct
tense of the verb in brackets.
his photo
I Peter
yesterday. (take)
yet. (not
my ears
2 I
pierce)
her hair
last
3 Bryony
week. (dye)
(do),
a tattoo
4 If you
what design will you have?
next week.
my house
5 I
(paint)
6 Andy usually
his eyes _ _ _ _
every year. (test)

I haven't had it done yet
5 Match the nouns to the correct verb.
I
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

hair
suit
broken drum
horrible tattoo
sound system
make-up
tickets
security guards
guitar
nails

a
b
c
d
e

check
do
manicure
cut
remove
dry clean
g repair
h tune
hire
print

Chloe Look - Daisy's changed her image.
her hair
Ethan Really? Wow! She 1
_ ___ very short.
Chloe Yes, and she 2
it _ _ __
red. I think it really suits her. She
_ __ _ her make-up _ __ _
professionally, too.
her eyebrow _ _ _ _
Ethan She 4
Chloe Yes, and she 5
a tattoo
_ ___ , too .
Ethan It looks brilliant! I hate my tattoo .
it _ _ _ _
I want to 6
Chloe Yes, perhaps we need to think about
our images, too!



'A~II~

'lmdtnatrttf1m[f;

Write a list of all the things you've had done
in the past month. Compare lists with a
partner.
\

,Workbook

p~.8-9.Ex. 1 -5

G


You should let go!
Emily and Lisa are having a coffee
in a cafe.

~

Emily
Lisa
Emily

Lisa

Emily
Lisa
Emily

Lisa

Listen and read.

Oh Emily, I really love being in the UK.
Everybody 's just great! Especially your
friends !
I'm glad you like it here.
Listen, Emily ... What's going on with you
and Rob?
Oh, I don't know ... I called him earlier but
he sounded a bit cold. Should I ring him
again and see if everything's OK?
No, you shouldn't. I guess he 's still upset
about that Italian guy. You treated Rob pretty
badly - you can't really expect him to
forgive you for that. I think you should let
go. I really think he 's over you, so you
shouldn't phone him so often.
Do you really think so?
Yes, I do. When something's over, it's over.
I know, but we haven 't even talked about it.
I mean, we were friends, too, and we've got
lots of mutual friends. What should I do?
If I were you, I'd forget about him. Why
don 't you move on? I think you'd better start
looking for someone else. To be perfectly
honest, I get the feeling he fancies me. He
ought to tell you, but I suppose he doesn't
want to hurt your feelings.
What?! What's going on?

he's over you
move on
I get the feeling he
fancies me.

Comprehension check
9

Answer the questions.
1 Does Lisa like being in Richmond?
2 Why does Lisa think Rob is cold towards
Emily?
3 Does Lisa think Emily should try to get
back together with Rob?
4 What does she think Emily should do?
5 Who does Lisa think Rob likes?


~ Look!
Grammar Guide

Advice is uncountable. We can't use it with an or in
the plural We say some advice.

should, ought to
> subject + should/ought to + base form

Affirmative
You should let him go
He ought to tell you

12 Work in groups of four. Each person chooses

Negative
You shouldn't phone him so often.
Interrogative
Should I ring him again?

What should I do?
a different one of the problems in the
pictures. The others should each offer some
advice, then the group must decide which
advice is the best.

Short answers
Yes, you should .!
No, you shouldn't.

What should I do?
We can also use these expressions to give advice:
If I were you, I'd forget about him.
Why don't you move on?
You'd better start looking for someone else.

~ Check!
10 Rewrite the sentences using the verbs or
expressions in brackets.
1
2
3
4
5
6

Sit down for a while. (should)
Buy her some flowers. (ought to)
Split up with him. (If I were you ... )
Go to bed. (You'd better. .. )
Don't sunbathe without protection. (should)
Eat your breakfast first. (Why don't. .. ?)

fancy/boy/class

often/late/school

not/have/friends

can't/sleep/night

If I were yOU •••
I I Caroline is giving her friend Alice advice.
~ Complete the conversation. Then
listen and check.
Alice

Caroline, I want to get fit. What
_ _ _ _ 1 _ _ __

Caroline
Alice
Caroline
Alice
Caroline
Alice
Caroline

You 2
to the local gym.
I can't afford to go to the gym.
Why 3
jogging? That's
very cheap!
There are no parks near my house.
It's dangerous to run on the road.
I've got it! If I 4
to school
by bike.
Yes, that's good exercise!
And you'd 5
eating so
many sweets!

Work in pairs. Practise the dialogue.

~. "J

~

r;tJ-~h-

Write a paragraph giving advice to someone
with one of the problems in exercise 12.

\~workboOk pp.9-1O Ex.6-1 0~

41)


Vocabulary • illnesses
13

There's something wrong with almost every
student in this class.
Match the health problems below to
the people in the pictures. Write a number in
the space. Then listen and check.

@ 1:17 )

/

~n'

I'm not feeling very well
I 5 ~ Put the sentences in the correct order

1 He's got a sore throat and a cough.
2 He's got a temperature.
3 She's got stomach ache.
4 He's got a cold.
S She's got a headache.
6 He's got toothache.
7 She feels sick.
8 She's got backache.
9 Her shoulder hurts.
10 He 's broken his leg .

to make a dialogue. Then listen and check.

_ 1_

Work in pairs. Ask and answer about the
students.
Example:
A What's the matter with Jenny?
B She's got stomach ache.

Work in pairs. Practise the dialogue with
different health problems from exercise 13.

] ~ Listen. Then listen and repeat.

IAI

Vocabulary • remedies
14 Match the health problems in exercise

I've got a headache.
No, I'm not feeling very well.
Yes, I think I will.
Are you OK?
Why don't you take some painkillers and
go to bed?
What's the matter?

tongue

1;;101
nose

lu:1
lose

13 to

the best advice below.

5. (" 8

e

take some painkillers
go and see a dentist
go to bed
put some cream on it
take some cough medicine
take some vitamin C

\\

Workbook p.11 EX.11

.. ~ Write the words in the correct
column above. Listen and check. Then
listen and repeat.
toe
thumb
stomach

cut
phone
tattoo

son
throat
fruit

boot
wrote
tooth


~

~ have/get something done

Affirmative
I have my hair cut.
You're having your
hair cut.
He's going to have
his hair cut.
We had our
hair cut.
They've had their
hair cut.

I Negative
my hair
cut.
your
You
hair cut.
He
his hair
cut.
We didn 't have our
hair cut.
They
their
hair cut.

affirmative

negative

Yes, I do .

No, I

your

Yes, you are.

No, you

his

Yes, he is.

No, he

our

Yes, we did .

No, we

their

Yes, they have.

No, they

Do I have my hair cut?

hair cut?
hair cut?
hair cut?
hair cut?

I Complete the table and the rule.
subject + correct form of have/get + object +

2

~ should, ought to
5 Read the sentences and complete the rules.
You should study more.
She ought to do more sport.
They shouldn't spend hours on the Internet.

Read the examples then answer the questions.
a Lucy took a photo of the wedding.
b Lucy had a photo of the wedding taken.
1 In which sentence did Lucy do the action? _
2 In which sentence did somebody else do the
action for Lucy? _
3 How do you say have/get something done
in your own language?

1 subject + should/ ought to + ____
2 In spoken English, we use shouldn 't, but we
don't usually use ____ .

6

of have/get something done.
The hairdresser cuts my hair once a month.
My mum makes our lunch every day.
A decorator painted our house last year.
Someone has done a tattoo on Mike's arm.
Is the optician going to test your eyes?
Someone is repairing Sarah's watch.

7

using the interrogative pronoun in brackets.

I must study a lot but I feel tired.
She doesn't like her boyfriend much.
I feel bored and depressed.
Abigail's got a bad headache.
He's always tired in the morning.
I'd like to go out but I haven't got any money.

Read the dialogue and complete the rule.
A
B
C
D

4 Write questions to find out more information,

I feel stressed.
Why don't you work less?
If I were you, I'd go out more often.
No, I think you'd better go on holiday.

Like should and ought to, we use the
expressions in bold to _ _ __ _ _

1 I had my nails manicured. (When?)

When didyou haveyour nails manicured?
2 He's going to have his MP3 player repaired.
(Where?)
3 Mary is having some highlights done.
(When?)
4 I had my photo taken. (Why?)
S We have our car serviced regularly. (How
often?)
6 They've had a satellite dish installed.
(Where?)

Write advice for each situation using should,
shouldn't and ought to.
1
2
3
4
S
6

3 Rewrite the sentences using the correct form
1
2
3
4
S
6

Short answers

Interrogative

8

Correct the mistakes in the incorrect
sentences. Tick v' the correct sentence.
1
2
3
4
S
6

You'd better paying more attention in class!
If I were you, I'll go to the swimming pool.
Why don't you to phone him?
You ought sleep more.
You shouldn't spend so much on clothes.
If I were you, I went to the gig tonight.
Q~

-

--.

~ Workbook p.ll Revision
~

-

-

fa


Speaking
I

Work in pairs. Ask and answer the questions.

questions.

1 How long does it take you to get ready in the
mornings?
2 How often do you go to the hairdresser's?
3 What kinds of cosmetics or beauty products
do you use?
4 Do you want to change anything about your
body? What?
5 Would you ever have plastic surgery? Why?
Why not?

1 Why do teenagers usually have plastic
surgery?
2 What was Ruby's problem before her
operation?
3 How did she feel afterwards?
4 What do boys sometimes use to make their
bodies more 'perfect'?
5 Why doesn't lames want to have plastic
surgery?
6 What's more important than physical
appearance, in the writer's opinion?

Reading

2

3

4 Comprehension check • Answer the

Before you read • Look at the title of the
article. Write down three things you think
you might read about in the article.
While you read • Read the text quickly and
check your answers to exercise 2.

The p,ressure
to be perfect
E verywhere you look, there are images of the 'ideal' body
TV programmes and magazine ads are full of 'perfectlyproportioned' models and actors, and hardly anyone who
could be seen as less than perfect. Is the pressu re to be
perfect now so great that it's destroying t he self-esteem of
an entire generatio n? Are most teenagers t oday insecure
because of what they see in the media?
The answer is probably yes, if we consider that plastic
surgery is becoming more and more popular. Since 1997
t here has been a 465% increase in the total number of
cosmetic procedures, despite t he cost. Liposuctio n, for
example, can cost up to £5,000.The number of teenagers
who consider having plastic surgery just to look good is
rising.
Teenagers are usually quite obsessed about their physical
appearance because it's so closely connected w it h
t heir sense of self-esteem and confidence, part icu larly
in relationships with the opposite sex.Teenagers seem
to want plastic surgery for different reasons to adults.
Whereas adults often w ant plast ic surgery so that t hey
can stand out from t he crowd, teenagers usual ly have
operations done to look more like everyone else .
Sometimes an operation can give teenagers mo re
confidence . Here's Ruby's story:
'I had my teeth fixed last year. I'm 17 now and I started
asking for the operation w hen I was I 3. I fee l so much

better now. My teeth w ere very crooked and lots of
my classmates used to make jokes about t hem. I was so
miserable. I hardly ever smiled o r talked because I didn't
w ant anyone to see them. Teenagers can be so cruel t o
people who are a little bit different. So last year I had an
operation to have them straightened. Immediately afte r
the operation my t eeth re ally hurt and it took several
days to recover com pletely. But it was worth it l I feel so
much more confident now.'
The desire to have a good body is so great that many
young men are t urn ing to anabolic steroids and growth
hormones in an attempt to build a 'better' body A nd it's
not just gir ls w ho suffer fro m eating disorders - boys are
now being diagnosed with them too, so they obviously
fee l the same pressu re t o be physically attractive as girls
do.
But here's w hat James says:
'I've always had a big nose. My dad 's got a big nose too,
and my grandad - it's in our fami ly Wh en I was younger,
some people at school used to say horrible things about
it and I used to get real ly upset. For a w hile I even
considered having a nose jo b done. But then I thought
about it and I realised t hat I shou ldn't let other people
tell me w hat I should look li ke. I'm quit e proud to be
a bit different and t his nose has been in my fami ly for
generations! N ow I'm perfectly happy with my nose, and I
just laugh if people make jokes. I really don 't want t o have
it made small er. H ow boring it wou ld be if we all looked
exactly t he same as everyone else!'
Everyone has th ings about themselves they w ou ld like
to change. It isn't abnormal or wrong to thi nk about
improving you r body - it's important fo r all of us t o stay
in shape, eat w ell and try to make t he most of ourselves.
But you shou ldn't let t he 'imperfectio ns' that you fi nd
control your self-image, or you 'l l never be happy We
ought to stop obsessing about our bodies and realise that
if we feel good inside, w e' ll fee l good wit h other people .


5

Vocabulary· Find the words or expressions
in bold in the text and match them to their
synonyms or definitions.
1 not straight _ __ _

2
3
4
5
6

how you see yourself _ __ _
get better _ _ __
keep fit _ __ _
be easy to notice _ _ __
while (used when we want to compare two
things) _ _ __
7 problems with your diet _ _ _ _
8 stress (often because of others' expectations)

9 feeling awful _ _ __
10 in spite of (to say a situation is not affected
by something else) _ _ __

Listening

-e

6

Amar is interviewing Kate Bennet, a yoga
teacher, for an article called 'Body & Mind '.

~ 1:21 ) Listen. True or false? Write T or F.
1
2
3
4
5

'e

1t

Yoga comes from Japan.
Yoga isn 't suitable for teenagers_
Yoga doesn 't make you stronger.
You can concentrate better if you do yoga.
Teenagers can be stressed because of video
games _
6 Yoga makes you more critical of your body.
7 Yoga encourages self-acceptance and
confidence.
8 Yoga helps you feel better and look better.

Writing
7 Write an email in

120-150 words, giving
advice to a friend who's upset because he's
got the same problem as James.

Consider the following points:
• advantages (fit in, feel confident.. .)
• disadvantages (change your body, pain, cost)
• your opinion (Would you have plastic
surgery?)

l Extension 1

language plus p.88

fa


Vocabulary
I

Choose the correct word.
1 My brother does/plays Tai Chi every Friday
evening.
2 The fans ran onto the football pitch/court.
3 I think we should do/play gymnastics.
4 Karen is brilliant at hit/kick boxing.
5 There are four squash rooms/courts at the
sports centre.
6 My sisters are very fit/lazy because they do a
lot of exercise.
7 Judo and karate are both martial sports/arts .
8 Anthony does/makes weights at the gym.
9 Anne and Connor are both very sports/
sporty.
10 I'm getting unfit because I've stopped
playing/doing aerobics.

2

Grammar
5

Complete the sentences and do the
crossword.
Cj

Put the body parts in each group in order
from top to bottom. Number them from 1
(top) to 4 (bottom).
a
b
c
d

_
_
_
_

head / _
chin / _
wrist / _
ankle / _

chest / _ stomach / _ neck
eyebrow / _ mouth / _ nose
shoulder / _ elbow / _ thumb
foot / _ knee / _ toe

f--

t: lu 'r

4

IS

6

f--

I

7

9

'---

f--

I rI

'---

~

3 legs
4 body

3

Imagine you've got a health problem. Write
your complaint for each word.
1 teeth

L'vejot toothache.
2 shoulder
3 stomach
4 throat
5 knees
6 cough

4

Work in pairs. Take turns to read your
complaints from exercise 3, then give each
other advice.

10
-

f--

11

f--

I I I
I

12

Now match groups a-d to words 1-4 below.
1 face
2 arms

cs

f--

~

13

14

1

-

Across
2 Have you had your hair cut ? It looks
shorter. (3)
4 Your hand has four fingers and a ~_ . (5)
5 If you've got toothache, you ~_ see a
dentist. (6)
9 Have you taken any ~_ for your
headache? (11)
11 Met's had a tattoo of a flower ~_ on her
back. (4)
12 Emma's had her nose ~_ . It looks great! (7)
13 I feel sick. I think I ~_ to go home now! (5)

Down
1 If you've got a cold, take some ~_ C. (7)
3 We had our photos ~_ at school today. (S)
6 Kate ~_ her bike repaired yesterday. (3)
7 The mouth has two ~_ . (4)
8 You'd ~_ see a doctor about your cough .
(6)
10 Your ~_ is between your hand and your

arm. (S)
11 I want to have my hair ~_ black when
I'm older. (4)
14 Did you ~_ your nails manicured in
town? (3)


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