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Giáo án tổng hợp tiếng anh 12

Prefixes
A prefix comes at the beginning of a word. It adds something to the meaning. Here are some
common prefixes.
anti = against
anti-nuclear protestors, anti-aircraft guns
auto = of / by oneself
autograph, auto pilot, autobiography
bi = two, twice
bicycle, bilateral, biannual, bilingual
de = away / from
de-ink, de-ice, de-forest
en = make / cause to become enrich, enlarge, encourage, enable, endanger
ex = previously
ex-wife, ex-director, ex-student, ex-soldier
ex = out of
extract, exhale, excommunicate
fore = before/in advance
foretell, forefathers, forecast, foreword, foreknow, foretime
hyper = extremely / too
hyperacid, hypercritical, hypermarket, hypersonic, hyperphysical
in = inside / into

internal, insert, income, inarch, inarm, inboard, inbuilt
inter = between
inter-city trains, international, interchange, intercity
mal= badly / wrongly
maladapt, maladjusted, maladministration
micro = small
microcassete, microwave, microscopic
mini = small
minibus, miniskirt, minicomputer, minify
mis = badly / wrongly
misuse, misbehave, misgovern, miscount, misunderstanding,
mono = one
misadvice
multi = many
monorail, monolingual, monotone, monocycle
out = more / better
a multinational company, a multi-storey car-park
over = too much
outnumber the opposition, outplayed their opponents
post = after
overcrowded, ill from overwork, an overgrown
pre = before
a post-dated cheque, the post-war period
pro = in favour of
the pre-war years, prehistoric times, preface
pseudo = false
pro-government forces, pro-European policies
re = again
pseudonym, pseudo-intertexture, pseudo-classic, pseudo-graph
semi = half
rewrite, redo, remarry, recount, re-employ, re-read
sub = under / less
semi-skilled workers, semi-conscious state, semi-political, semi-solar
super = big / more
subnormal intelligence, sub-zero temperatures
trans = across
superstore, superhuman, supermarket, super-fast, super-bus
co = together
transatlantic, transplant, transcode, transsexual
under =too little


co-exist, co-production, co-driver, co-author
undercooked food, underage, underpaid, undercover
a
b

c
d
e

There are some negative prefixes used to express an opposite.
un: unhappy, unfair, unofficial, unemployed, unplug a machine, unpack a suitcase, undo,
undress, unlock, unveil, unwrap...
This is the most common way of expressing an opposite.
in: inexact, independent, indirect, inexpert, injustice, inedible
NOTE:
We do not use in before l, m, p or r. We use il, im and ir instead.
- illegal, illogical, illiterate
- immobile, immoral, impossible, impatient
- irrelevant, irresponsible
dis: dishonest, disunited, disagree, disappear, dislike, disable, disadvantage, disapprove,
disbelieve, disconnect, disqualify
non: non-alcoholic drinks, a non-stop flight, a non-smoker
de: defrost a fridge, the depopulation of the countryside, the decentralization of
government, depopulate


Suffixes
 Nouns
+ Abstract nouns
1. Verb + ment: payment, movement, government, arrangement, development
2. Verb + ion/tion/ation/ition:
correctcorrection,
discussdiscussion,
describedescription
informinformation,
inviteinvitation, translate translation
addaddition,
repeatrepetition, compete competition
3. Verb with d/tsion: decide decision, erode erossion,
permitpermission
4. Verb + ance/ence:
performance, acceptance, existence, preference
5. Verb + ing:
building, feelings, greeting, meeting, meaning, beginning, savings, living
6. Verb + al:
refusal, dismissal, approval, signal, proposal, denial
7. Verb + age:
drainage, marriage, postage, stoppage, breakage
8. Noun + hood:
boyhood, neighbourhood, husbandhood, sisterhood
9. Noun + ship:
friendship, sonship, championship
10. Noun + dom:
kingdom, stardom, wisedom
11. Noun + ful:
mouthful, handful, spoonful, cupful, roomful
12. Adjective + ty/ity:
certainty, royalty, stupidity, nationality, security
13. Adjective + ness:
happiness, illness, freshness, forgetfulness, blindness
14. Adjective in entence:
silentsilence
Others are:
absence, intelligence, independence, violence…
Examples of antance are:
distance, importance.
+ Nouns for people
1. Verb + er/or:
walker, owner, builder, driver, editor
There are very many such nouns, especially with er.
NOTE: We also use er in nouns for things, especially machines. e.g. a computer, a food mixer
2. Noun/Verb/Adjective + ist: journalist, motorist, nationalist, tourist
NOTE:
We can use ism to form an abstract noun.
e.g. journalism, nationalism
3. Verb + ant/ent:
applicant, assistant, inhabitant, servant, student
4. Noun + an/ian:
republican, electrician, historian, musician
5. Noun + ess: (female) waitress, actress, hostess, stewardess, princess
6. Verb + ee:
employee, payee, interviewee, trainee
This suffix usually has a passive meaning. Compare er and ee.
The company is the biggest employer in the town. It has two thousand employees / workers.
NOTE:
1. Sometimes two related words have a different vowel sound.
Adj  N:
proud pride, hot  heat
V N:
bleed  blood, feed  food, fill  full, lose loss, sell  sale, shoot shot,
sing song, sit seat, tell tale
2. There can be a different consonant sound.
That's what I believe. That's my belief.
Also:
advise advice, believe belief, descend descent, prove proof,
speak speech, fly flight, fail failure
3. Sometimes more than one sound changes:
V N:
choose choice, lend loan, live life, succeed success, think thought,
die death
N Adj.: sun solar
+ The same form of Verb and Noun.
Many words can be both verbs and nouns.
Verb:
You mustn't delay.
I hope I win.
Noun:
a short delay
my hope of victory


Some words of this kind are: answer, attack, attempt, call, care, change, climb, control,
copy, cost, damage, dance, delay, doubt, drink, drive, experience, fall, help, hit, hope, interest,
joke, laugh, look, love, need, promise, rest, ride, run, search, sleep, smile, sound, swim, talk,
trouble, visit, wait, walk, wash, wish.
2.
+ Some verbs and nouns differ in their stress. The verb is usually stressed on the second
syllable, and the noun is stressed on the first.
Verb:
How do you trans`port the goods?
Noun:
What `transport do you use?
The stress can make a difference to the vowel sounds. For example, progress as a verb is
/pr ∂ 'gres/ and as a noun /'pr ∂υgres/. (Verb: 2 – Noun: 1)
+ Some words of this kind are: conflict, contest, contrast, decrease, discount, export,
import, increase, permit, produce, progress, protest, rebel, record, refund, suspect, transfer,
transport…
 Verbs:
1. Adjective + ize: modernize, popularize, privatize, centralize, legalize
2. Adjective + en: shorten, widen, brighten, harden, loosen
3. N/Adj. + ify:
simplify, solidify, clarify, beautify
+ Some concrete nouns can also be verbs.
He pocketed the money.
(= put it in his pocket)
We've wallpapered this room.
(= put wallpaper on it)
The man was gunned down.
(= shot with a gun)
The goods were shipped to America. (= taken by ship)
Some others are: bottle (wine), box, brake, butter (bread), garage (a car), glue, hammer,
mail, oil, parcel, (tele)phone ...
+ Some adjectives can also be verbs.
This wind will soon dry the clothes. (= make them dry)
The clothes will soon dry.
(= become dry)
Some words of this kind are: calm, cool, dry, empty, narrow, smooth, warm, wet…
 Adjectives:
1. Noun + al:
2. Noun + ic:
3. Noun/Verb + ive:
4. Noun + ful:
5. Noun + less:

national, industrial, cultural, additional, original
heroic, artistic, photographic, energetic, chaotic, entomic, poetic
active, effective, exclusive, informative, expensive
careful, hopeful, peaceful, beautiful, harmful
careless, hopeless, worthless, powerless less means ‘without’.
Painful and painless are opposites.
6. Noun + ous:
dangerous, luxurious, famous, courageous
7. Noun + y:
salty, healthy, thirsty, wealthy, greedy, guilty
8. Noun + like:
godlike, lifelike, homelike, childlike
9. Noun + ish:
childish, selfish, foolish
10. Noun + ly
manly, daily, cowardly
Other adjective suffixes:
1. Verb + a(i)ble:
readable, eatable, loveable, forcible, visible, reducible
2. Adj. + ish:
youngish, coolish, oldish, prettyish, reddish, sweetish, yellowish
3. Noun + ed:
balconied, bearedman, kind-hearted woman
 Adverb suffixes:
1. Adj. + ly:
happily, strangely, carefully, beautifully
2. Adv. / N + ward(s) backward(s), heavenward, earthward, seaward


3. Noun + wise:
clockwise, lengthwise, anywise, likewise
1. stable
(a) To............................................... the boat in rough sea, we redistributed the weight.
(b) Between 1860 and 1900 the country had a number of revolutions and up-risings.It was a time
of great ................................................
(c) The exchange rate is going up and down dramatically. It's very ............................... at the moment.
2. reside
(a) This is the President's official ................................................
(b) There's no industry or entertainment here. It's a ............................................... district.
(c) All ............................................... of the neighbouring houses were warned of the gas leak.
3. comfort
(a) In that tense situation I found the good news very ...............................................
(b) I felt rather ..............................................., so I put a soft cushion behind me.
(c) She sat in terrible............................................... on the hard chair for over an hour.
4. dead
(a) The increasing number of ............................................... in traffic accidents is alarming.
(b) Be careful! That's a ............................................... poison!
(c) The doctor gave him an injection to ............................................... the pain.
5. demonstrate
(a) The ............................................... marched through the streets chanting slogans.
(b) Grandfather rarely showed the affection he felt for his family. He was a very ................. person.
(c) What you say is ............................................... false. Let me show you the facts.
6. imitate
(a) The bag is made of ............................................... leather.
(b) Small children are very ........................................... in their behaviour. They just copy what they see.
(c) His acting style is ................................................ No one can copy him.
7. argue
(a) She had an ............................................... with her husband last night.
(b) He's a very bad-tempered, ............................................... chap. He's always quarrelling.
(c) She is ............................................... the finest pianist in the world.
8. repeat
(a) He lost his temper and used disgusting ............................................... language.
(b) In this essay you've said the same thing several times. It's very ...............................................
(c) I hope there will be no ............................................... of this shocking behaviour.
9. fail
(a) She is very efficient, and ............................................... polite to the customers.
(b) He considered himself a ................................................ He had succeeded in nothing.
(c) It was difficult to see much in the ............................................... light.
10. courage
(a) His friends tried to ............................................... him from attempting the dangerous climb.
(b) She ............................................... stood in the way of the escaping robbers.
(c) His parents gave him a lot of ............................................... in his studies.
11. real
(a) I think it's a bit ............................................... to hope that world peace can be gained so easily.
(b) He spends all his time in romantic daydreams. He's lost touch with ...............................................
(c) Ladies and gentlemen, I am a ............................................... and I think we must face facts.
12. false
(a) She wasaccused of ............................................... the financial accounts.
(b) It is a ............................................... to say he did it when you know he didn't.


(c) The ............................................... of his argument was obvious to everyone.
13. prophesy
(a) I am not a ...............................................and I would not like to make a ...............................................on whether
the world can survive this age of nuclear weapons.
(b) What he wrote in 1930 was ............................................... Much of what he described has come true.
14.describe
(a) The damage caused by the earthquake cannot be imagined. It was ................................................
(b) The teacher asked them to write a ............................................... passage about their home towns.
(c) The witness was able to give a full ............................................... of the wanted man.
15. friend
(a) The ............................................... between the two soon developed into love.
(b) In London she was ......................................... by a rich woman who looked after her and helped her.
(c) The desert is a dangerous, ............................................... place.
16. sense
(a) He felt a strange, painful ............................................... in his back.
(b) Even the most ............................................... person ought to appreciate the beauty of this music.
(c) What an idiotic, ............................................... thing to do!
17. famous
(a) The ............................................... of the Beatles soon spread outside Britain.
(b) The day of the massacre will go down in history as a terrible, ............................................... day. It was a
day of ................................................
18. defend
(a) I just want to ask you a few ordinary questions, so why don't you relax? Why are you so .............?
(b) The government's policy on arms is shocking. It is quite ................................................
(c) We must do all we can for the ............................................... of this nation against possible attack.
19.agree
(a) What an unpleasant, ............................................... old woman she is!
(b) We finally reached ............................................... on the matter at midnight.
(c) I liked the place. I found the people, the weather and the food very ................................................
20. possess
(a) In his will he left all his money and ............................................... to his wife.
(b) She was a very ............................................... mother. She gave her son very little freedom.
(c) The actor playing the main part should be the ............................................... of a very good voice, good
looks and a very strong physique.
21. different
(a) I'm afraid I have to ................................................ I don't agree with you at all.
(b) Politeness is one thing. Real kindness is another. You must learn to ...............................................
between the two.
(c) We get along pretty well, although of course we have our ................................... from time to time.
22. active
(a) The strike was organised by a group of political ................................................
(b) The fire-prevention system is ............................................... by any small increase in temperature.
(c) It is quite safe to go near the volcano. It has been ............................................... for years.
23. form
(a) It is especially important for children to have love and affection in their ............................. years.
(b) The slight ............................................... in his left hand was corrected by surgery.
(c) The police are considering the ............................................... of a new anti-drugs unit.
24. enthusiasm
(a) They threw themselves ............................................... into the new project.


(b) He’s a real golf ................................................ He loves the game.
(c) They didn’t really ............................................... over my idea. In fact there was some opposition.


1. stable
(a) To......STABLEIZE......................................... the boat in rough sea, we redistributed the weight.
(b) Between 1860 and 1900 the country had a number of revolutions and up-risings.It was a time
of great ..........STABILITY......................................
(c) The exchange rate is going up and down dramatically. It's very ............................... at the moment.
2. reside
(a) This is the President's official ...............RESIDENCE.................................
(b) There's no industry or entertainment here. It's a .........................RESIDENTIAL...................... district.
(c) All ...........RESIDENTS.................................... of the neighbouring houses were warned of the gas leak.
3. comfort
(a) In that tense situation I found the good news very ....................COMFORTABLE...........................
(b) I felt rather .................UNCOMFORTABLE.............................., so I put a soft cushion behind me.
(c) She sat in terrible....................UNCOMFORT........................... on the hard chair for over an hour.
4. dead
(a) The increasing number of ................DEATH............................... in traffic accidents is alarming.
(b) Be careful! That's a .......................DEALY........................ poison!
(c) The doctor gave him an injection to ...................DIE............................ the pain.
5. demonstrate
(a) The .................DEMONSTRATION.............................. marched through the streets chanting slogans.
(b) Grandfather rarely showed the affection he felt for his family. He was a very ......ATIVE........ person.
(c) What you say is ....................DEMONSTRATEDLY........................... false. Let me show you the facts.
6. imitate
(a) The bag is made of .................IVE.............................. leather.
(b) Small children are very .............ABLE............................ in their behaviour. They just copy what they see.
(c) His acting style is .......................INIMITABLE......................... No one can copy him.
7. argue
(a) She had an ..................MENT............................. with her husband last night.
(b) He's a very bad-tempered, .....ARGUEMENTATIVE.......................................... chap. He's always quarrelling.
(c) She is ...................INARGUABLE............................ the finest pianist in the world.
8. repeat
(a) He lost his temper and used disgusting ...............ED................................ language.
(b) In this essay you've said the same thing several times. It's very .....................EDLY..........................
(c) I hope there will be no ................ITION............................... of this shocking behaviour.
9. fail
(a) She is very efficient, and ................UNFAILINGLY............................... polite to the customers.
(b) He considered himself a ..................FAILURE.............................. He had succeeded in nothing.
(c) It was difficult to see much in the ...........FAILING.................................... light.
10. courage
(a) His friends tried to .....................ENCOURAGE.......................... him from attempting the dangerous climb.
(b) She .....................OUSLY.......................... stood in the way of the escaping robbers.
(c) His parents gave him a lot of ................MENT............................... in his studies.
11. real
(a) I think it's a bit ..............UNREALITY.............................. to hope that world peace can be gained so easily.
(b) He spends all his time in romantic daydreams. He's lost touch with ...................ALITY............................
(c) Ladies and gentlemen, I am a ..............REALIST................................. and I think we must face facts.
12. false
(a) She wasaccused of ...................HOOD............................ the financial accounts.
(b) It is a ......................SITY......................... to say he did it when you know he didn't.
(c) The ..............NESS................................. of his argument was obvious to everyone.


WORD BUILDING
Prefixes
re (= again):
rewrite, redo, remarry, recount, re-employ, re-read
mono (= one):
monorail, monolingual, monotone, monocycle
super (= big/ more):
superstore, superhuman, supermarket, superfast, superbus
sub (= under/less):
subnormal intelligence, sub-zero temperatures
mini (= small):
minibus, miniskirt, minicomputer, minify
pre (= before):
the pre-war years, prehistoric times, precook, predesign
post (= after):
a post-dated cheque, the post-war period
de (= away / from)
de-ink, de-ice, de-forest, deform
en (= make / cause to become) enrich, enlarge, encourage,enable, endanger
ex (= previously):
ex-wife, ex-director, ex-student, ex-soldier
co (= together):
co-exist, co-production, co-driver, co-author, co-star, co-education
over (= too much):
overcrowded, overwork, overgrown, overweight, overdose
under (=too little):
undercooked food, underage, underpaid, undercover
out (= more/better):
outnumber, outplayed, outdo, outgrow, outcry, outbuild
anti (= against):
anti-nuclear, anti-aircraft guns, anti-war, anti-icer
mis (= badly/wrongly):
miscount, misunderstand, misadvice, misbelieve, miscall, miscopy
These are some negative prefixes.
1.
un: unhealthy, unreasonable, unfriendly, unemployed, unkind, unattractive, uncomfortable
2.
in: inexact, independent, indirect, inexpert, inaccurate
NOTE:
We do not use in before l, m, p or r. We use il, im and ir instead.
illegal, illogical
immobile, impatient, impossible
irregular, irresponsible
3.
dis: dishonest, disunited, disagree, disappear, dislike, disable, dissatisfy, disappointed
4.
non: non-alcoholic drinks, non-stop flight, non-smoker, non-drinker, non-arrival
5.
de: defrost, depopulation, deforestation, deform, degeneration, denature

Suffixes

 Nouns
+ Abstract nouns

1. Verb + ment: payment, movement, government, arrangement, employment, development,
judgment, replacement,excitement, enjoyment, improvement, management, encouragement...
2. Verb + ion/tion/ation/ition:
correctcorrection, discussdiscussion,
describedescription, suggestion, intention,
informinformation, inviteinvitation, explanation,translation, occupation, graduation
addaddition, repeatrepetition, compete competition, recognition, solve solution
3. Verb ending with d/tsion: decide decision, erode erosion, provide provision
permitpermission, emit emission
4. Verb + ance/ence:
performance, acceptance, existence, preference
5. Verb + ing:
building, feeling, greeting, meeting, meaning, savings, living, beginning
6. Verb + al:
refusal, dismissal, approval, signal, proposal, arrival
7. Verb + age:
drainage, marriage, postage, storage, breakage, carriage
8. Noun + hood:
boyhood, neighbourhood, husbandhood, sisterhood, manhood
9. Noun + ship:
friendship, championship, statemanship, authorship
10. Noun + dom:
kingdom, stardom, wisdom
11. Noun + ful:
mouthful, handful, spoonful, cupful, roomful
12. Adjective + ty/ity:
certainty, stupidity, nationality, purity, equality, possibility, abnormality,
13. Adjective + ness:
happiness, illness, freshness, forgetfulness, darkness, goodness, deafness
14. Adjective in entence:
silentsilence
Others are:
absence, intelligence, independence, violence, patience


Examples of antance are:
distance, importance.
Notes:
1. Many words can be both verbs and nouns.
Verb:
You mustn't delay.
I hope I win.
Noun:
a short delay
my hope of victory
Some words of this kind are: answer, attack, attempt, call, care, change, climb, control,
copy, cost, damage, dance, delay, doubt, drink, drive, experience, fall, help, hope, interest, joke,
laugh, look, love, need, promise, rest, ride, run, search, sleep, smile, sound, swim, talk, trouble,
visit, wait, walk, wash, wish.
2. Sometimes there’s some changes from V  N: bleed  blood, feed  food, fill 
full, lose  loss, sell  sale, shoot  shot, sing  song, sit  seat, tell  tale, behave  behaviour,
advise  advice, descend  descent, prove  proof, speak  speech, fly  flight, fail  failure,
choose  choice, lend  loan, live  life, succeed  success, think  thought, die  death, complain
complaint

+ Nouns for people
1. Verb + er/or:
walker, owner, builder, driver, editor, actor
NOTE: We also use er in nouns for things, especially machines. E.g. a computer, a food mixer
2. Noun / Verb / Adjective + ist:
journalist, motorist, nationalist, tourist
NOTE:
We can use -ism to form an abstract noun
E.g. journalism, nationalism.
3. Verb + ant/ent:
applicant, assistant, inhabitant, servant, student
4. Noun + an/ian:
republican, electrician, historian, musician
5. Noun + ess: (female) waitress, actress, hostess, stewardess, princess
6. Verb + ee:
employee, payee, interviewee, trainee

Verbs:
1. Adjective + ize:
2. Adjective + en:
3. N/Adj. + ify:

modernize, popularize, privatize, centralize, legalize
shorten, widen, brighten, loosen, broaden, deafen
simplify, solidify, clarify, beautify, purify

Adjectives:
1. Noun + al:
national, industrial, cultural, additional, traditional, agricultural
2. Noun + ic:
heroic, artistic, photographic
3. Noun/Verb + ive: active, effective, informative, expensive
4. Noun + ful:
careful, hopeful, peaceful, beautiful, harmful, truthful, wonderful, wasteful
5. Noun + less:
careless, hopeless, worthless, homeless, childless, speechless, harmless
6. Noun + ous:
dangerous, famous, courageous, poinsonous
7. Noun + y:
salty, healthy, thirsty, wealthy, greedy, speedy, dirty, dusty, rainy, snowy
8. Noun + like:
godlike, lifelike, homelike, childlike
9. Noun + ish:
childish, selfish, foolish
10. Noun + ly
(wo)manly, daily, cowardly, friendly, yearly, worldly, brotherly
Other adjective suffixes:
1. Verb + a(i)ble:
readable, eatable, decidable, visible, reducible
2. Adj. + ish:
youngish, coolish, oldish, prettyish, reddish, sweetish, yellowish

Adverb suffixes:
Adj. + ly:
Note:fast (a) 
hard (a)

happily, strangely
fast (adv),
good (a) well (adv)

hard (He works hard.) late  late
(He gets up late.)

hardly (He hardly works.)
lately (Has he met her lately?)


1. Clean air provides us with a ……………… supply of oxygen.
(HEALTH)
2. Mr. And Mrs. Jones have been married for 10 years. They have no children. They are a
……………… couple.
(CHIL D)
3. Computers can add, subtract, multiply and divide with …………… (ACCURATE)
4. Things are going along ………………
(NICE)
5. He spends his ……………… in Hannibal.
(BOY)
6. Women nowadays have more ..…. to participate in social activities. (FREE)
7. Washing machines, dishwashers are ……… labour-saving devices. (USE)
8. Mary works very ………………
(GOOD)
9. I don’t like his ………………
(BEHAVE)
10. I don't think this ring is very …………
(VALUE)
11. The ………… is next week.
(GRADUATE)
12. The time of ………… is 12:15.
(ARRIVE)
13. The ………… ceremony is planned for April 15.
(MARRY)
14. I spent my ………… in New York.
(BOY)
15. I believe you because I know you are ………………
(TRUTH)
16. Our ……………… from London to Sydney took 24 hours.
(FLY)
17. All ……………… will be welcome.
(SUGGEST)
18. Martin is a professional ………………, and I think Linda will be a good ……………… when
she’s older.
(ACT)
19. Nowadays women around the world have been seeking greater (DEPEND) ……………… and
………………
(RECOGNIZE).
20. Women have joined together to create the so-called “women’s ……………… movement.”
(LIBERATE)
21. How can you test the ……………… of the water of this lake?
(PURE)
22. Because of the ………… of computers pupils can save a lot of time in calculating. (INVENT)
23. Please give details of your present ……………
(OCCUPY)
24. I don’t think that there is a …………… to this problem.
(SOLVE)
25. Unfortunately Tom’s bid for the 100 metre record was ….......... (SUCCEED)
26. I think that you owe me an ……………, don’t you?
(EXPLAIN)
27. Joe’s first attempt to swim the Channel ended in ……………
(FAIL)
28. English is ………… more widely than any other languages.
(UNDERSTAND)
29. How long has he been ……………?
(EMPLOY)
30. We feel …………… about our future.
(CERTAINTY)
31. There was good ………… for the party.
(PREPARE)
32. Their study is getting on …………
(SATISFY)
33. We carried out a careful …………… of the area.
(EXAMINE)
34. Farmers can help …………… the soil by adding fertilizers.
(RICH)
35. Many restaurants have established special sections for ………
(SMOKE)
36. They answered the questions ……………
(CORRECT)
37. Everything goes on ……………
(SMOOTH)
38. After recovering her ……………, she began to swim.
(STRONG)
39. If you take too many pills, you may die of ……………
(DOSE)
40. Education plays an important part in social …………
(DEVELOP)
41. The supervisor is always …………. I like him very much.
(FRIEND)
42. They got the …………. of being successful in life
(SATISFY)
43. Japan is an …………. country.
(INDUSTRY)
44. Water vapour occurs in the air ………….
(NATURE)
45. The ................... area of the city is not very ...................
(INDUSTRY / ATTRACT)


WORD FORM
Choose (A, B, C or D) to complete these sentences:
1. My father helps my mother with the housework. He proves to be ......, especially when my mother is sick.
A. support
B. supporting
C. supportive
D. supported
2. You give a ...... party in your new house to celebrate moving into it.
A. housekeeping
B. house guest
C. housecoming
D. housewarming
3. Anna made a lot of mistakes because she was ...... .
A. inattentive
B. unattentive
C. imattentive
D. disattentive
4. Your ...... must be typed into 3 copies to hand in for our company.
A. applicants
B. application
C. applicating
D. applying
5. Well, I think that the prices in Dong Thap supermarket are ...... .
A. reason
B. reasonable
C. reasonably
D. reasoning
6. This company offered a lot of ...... jobs.
A. attractive
B. attraction
C. attract
D. attractively
7. The ...... of the moon for the earth causes tides.
A. attract
B. attracted
C. attraction
D. attractive
8. What are the ...... between women’s in old times and women in modern times?
A. differs
B. different
C. difference
D. differences
9. In the past people believed that women’s ...... roles were as mothers and wives.
A. nature
B. natural
C. naturism
D. naturalist
10. Mr. Jones is a ...... teacher.
A. devote
B. devoted
C. devoting
D. devotion
11. It is necessary for students to listen to their teacher ......
A. attentive
B. attentively
C. attention
D attend
12. We could call the TV stations and ...... the opening of our new store.
A. publicity
B. publicize
C. public
D. publish
13. I like my work because I have the ...... to make my own decision.
A. freed
B. freedom
C. freely
D. free
14. Our company believes it is the best ...... to handle the account
A. organizing
B. organizational
C. organization
D. disorganization
15. I felt quite ...... with my day’s work.
A. satisfy
B. satisfactory
C. satisfied
D. satisfaction
16. ...... films should be made for school.
A. Educational
B. Educating
C. Educated
D. Educate
17. When I’m tired, I enjoy listening to music. It’s .......
A. relax
B. relaxation
C. relaxing
D. relaxed
18. We are in regular ...... with each other by telephone or letter.
A. communicate
B. communicative
C. communication
D. communicatively
19. He apologized for the ...... he had caused.
A. convenient
B. inconvenient
C. convenience
D. inconvenience
20. After the ...... death of her husband, Marie Curie took up his position at the Sorbonne.
A. tragic
B. tragedy
C. tragical
D. tragically
21. They gave a clear ...... of their intentions.
A. demonstrate
B. demonstrative
C. demonstration
D. demonstrating
22. What makes a computer such a ...... device?
A. miracle
B. miraculous
C. miraculously
D. wonder
23. My father has bought me an ...... computer.
A. electricity
B. electrical
C. electric
D. electronic
24. Information technology is very ...... to our lives.
A. useful
B. useless
C. use
D. usefully
25. A computer is a ...... typewriter which allows you to type and print any kind of documents.
A. magically
B. magical
C. magic
D. magician
26. The climb was ...... because of the bad weather.
A. terrified
B. terrify
C. terrifying
D. terrifies
27. Hue is famous for its ...... spots.
A. beauty
B. beautiful
C. beautify
D. beautifully
28. The most ...... thing about listening to music is that you can relax your mind.
A. enjoyment
B. enjoyed
C. enjoying
D. enjoyable
29. When did the cinema come into ......?
A. exist
B. existing
C. existence
D. existences
30. “The Spy Returns” is a very ...... film about a wealthy man who visits Italy.
A. exciting
B. excited
C. excitement
D. excite
31. Three films are in ...... for the same contract.
A. compete
B. competitive
C. competition
D. competitor
32. The Amazon is ...... longer than the Thames.
A. far
B. farther
C. farthest
D. furthest
33. The blue whale is ...... known animals, reaching a length of more than one hundred feet.
A. the large
B. the largest
C. the larger
D. most largest
34. You must place these events in their ...... context.
A. history
B. historical
C. historic
D. historian
35. We need ...... information before we can decide.
A. far
B. further
C. farther
D. farthest
36. ...... of fire, many more buildings were destroyed than the earthquake itself damaged.
A. Consequence
B. Consequences
C. Consequently
D. As a consequence
37. The more a car costs, ...... it goes.
A. the faster
B. so faster
C. the fastest
D. faster
38. The use of pesticides is having a ...... effect on the groundwater.
A. devastate
B. devastation
C. devastated
D. devastating
39. Because of Lucille’s managerial skills, the family now has an ...... business.
A. expanse
B. expand
C. expanding
D. expended
40. It was always ...... whether the rocket would succeed.
A. undoubted
B. doubting
C. doubtful
D. doubtless
41. The day was so ...... that we decided to take a picnic lunch to the beach.
A. clear and warmly
B. clearly and warmly
C. clearly and warm
D. clear and warm
42. The newly discovered ore is being extracted by ...... of a huge robotic arm.
A. mean
B. means
C. meant
D. meanings


43. Although most people are ...... than I am, they are not a healthy or wise.
A. wealth
B. wealthy
C. wealthily
D. wealthier
44. Health care ...... have been rising but so has the quality.
A. cost
B. costs
C. costing
D. costly
45. Whereas the language barrier, in ...... times, was once an obstacle to trade, that is no longer the case.
A. earliest
B. earlier
C. early on
D. early to
46. Don’t leave your clothes ...... about on the bedroom floor.
A. lie
B. lay
C. lying
D. laying
47. You’ll have to work very ...... if you want to finish the project by Friday.
A. hardly
B. harder
C. hard
D. hardest
48. She is ...... to understand the matter.
A. enough intelligent
B. so intelligent
C. intelligent enough
D. very intelligent
49. What ......!
A. an exciting story
B. is an exciting story
C. a story exciting
D. the exciting story
50. How ......!
A. the room is dirty
B. is the room dirty
C. dirty the room is
D. the dirty room is
51. The love for books is helpful in ...... the pupils’ knowledge.
A. developing
B. development
C. developed
D. being developed
52. At school, David was ...... anyone else in his class.
A. cleverer as
B. as clever than
C. as clever as
D. cleverest
53. I pulled the handle ...... I could.
A. so hardly as
B. as hardly as
C. so hard as
D. as hard as
54. Platinum is harder than copper and is almost as pliable .......
A. gold
B. than gold
C. as gold
D. gold is
55. ...... , Shirley thought Bill was Carol’s husband but later she realized that he wasn’t.
A. First
B. At first
C. Firstly
D. First of all
56. Sport is sometimes used by governments as a tool of foreign ......
A. political
B. policy
C. politics
D. politician
57. She got so ...... while watching the game that she began shouting.
A. exciting
B. excited
C. excitingly
D. excitedly
58. He’s left his book at home; he’s always so .......
A. forgetting
B. forgettable
C. forgetful
D. forgotten
59. That was a very ...... story about the adventure in the tropical forests.
A. excitement
B. excited
C. excitingly
D. exciting
60. The ...... of the request made us all laugh.
A. absurdness
B. absurd
C. absurdity
D. A or B
61. The ...... of the company’s president in all matters made for a miserable working environment.
A. contentiousness
B. contention
C. contentious
D. contentiously
62. The job was done ......, and we were extremely displeased.
A. uncompetence
B. in competency
C. incompetence
D. incompetently
63. It’s a ...... plan, and I believe it should be instituted at once.
A. feasibility
B. feasible
C. feasibleness
D. feasibly
64. He spoke ...... to her, and she began crying immediately.
A. insensitivity
B. insensitiveness
C. insensitively
D. insensitive
65. The bird guarded the young ones ...... , swooping down on the cat again and again.
A. tenaciously
B. tenacity
C. tenacious
D. teneciousness
66. When the automobile salesman described the car so ......, we became very uneasy about buying it.
A. ambiguity
B. ambiguousness
C. ambiguous
D. ambiguously
67. The meeting was ......, and all left satisfied.
A. harmony
B. harmoniousness
C. harmonious
D. harmonize
68. “Since the goal seems ......, I believe we should begin at once,” Tim argued.
A. achievements
B. achieve
C. achievable
D. achieving
69. Her ...... in the matter was understandable.
A. reluctance
B. reluctantly
C. reluctant
D. A or B
70. ...... speaking, his life was a blessing to all.
A. Philosophically
B. Philosopher
C. Philosophize
D. Philosophy
71. Scientists ...... in their opinions of how snow crystals originate.
A. difference
B. differ
C. differentiate
D. different
72. Opera singer Maria Callas was known for her ...... , powerful voice.
A. intensity
B. intensify
C. intense
D. intensely
73. Writer Ernest Hemingway is known for his ...... language and his lively dialogue.
A. simplification
B. simple
C. simplistic
D. simplicity
74. Many readers will disagree with the selection and the assessments as any guide will inevitably be ...... .
A. subject
B. subjected
C. subjective
D. subjectivism
75. An eccentric is by definition someone whose behavior is ...... someone who refuses to conform to the accepted norms of his society.
A. abnormal
B. abnormality
C. abnormally
D. abnormalities
76. Students flocked to the new ...... where free medical supplies were handed out.
A. dispensary
B. dispense
C. dispenser
D. dispensation
77. The ...... to the message was tacked on at the last moment.
A. appendix
B. append
C. appendicitis
D. appendage
78. The company was ...... and made a tremendous amount of money.
A. progress
B. progressive
C. progression
D. progressively
79. The ...... account given by the witness convinced the jury of the plaintiff’s right to a settlement.
A. description
B. describing
C. descriptive
D. describe
80. Clarence ...... on the piano, delighting the guests.
A. improvised
B. improvident
C. improvidence
D, improvisation
81. We drove at five miles an hour because the ...... was so poor.
A. visible
B. visual
C. view
D. visibility
82. They praised her for her .......
A. dishonest
B. honestly
C. honesty
D. honest
83. Have you got some kind of ...... on you?
A. identification
B. unidentified
C. identify
D. identified
84. They said my illness was ...... . Don’t they realize I’m in a lot of pain.
A. imaginary
B. imagination
C. imagine
D. imaginative
85. She was a much less ...... student than her sister.
A. industrial
B. industrious
C. industrialist
D. industrialized


86. She’s got a job as the ...... of a dress shop.
A. manager
B. management
C. managing
87. If he isn’t Spanish, what ...... is he?
A. nationality
B. nationalized
C. nation
88. It was very ...... of you to notice that.
A. observant
B. observatory
C. observation
89. He couldn’t give a ...... explanation for his actions.
A. satisfaction
B. dissatisfied
C. satisfactory
90. There is no ...... explanation for what happened.
A. scientist
B. scientific
C. scientifically
91. There is a ...... of carrots because of the bad weather.
A. shortly
B. shorten
C. shortage
92. Politicians ...... blame the media if they don’t win the election. They’re so predictable.
A. variable
B. variety
C. various
93. This is very ......! Can’t you practise your violin somewhere else?
A. convenient
B. conveniently
C. inconvenient
94. I would like to show you my latest ......, which I have called “Boats on a Lake”.
A. creativity
B. creator
C. create
95. Why does everybody ...... him all the time?
A. criticize
B. critic
C. criticism
96. They’re going to announce their ...... tomorrow.
A. decision
B. indecisive
C. decide
97. During the festival ...... were hanging from every tree.
A. decorator
B. decorations
C. decorative
98. He offered to give me a ...... of how the machine worked.
A. demonstrator
B. demonstration
C. demonstrate
99. We are ...... on other countries for most of our food.
A. dependent
B. independence
C. dependable
100. My new car is more ...... than the one I had before.
A. economize
B. economics
C. economical
THE END

D. manageress
D. national
D. observe
D. satisfy
D. science
D. short
D. invariably
D. convenience
D. creation
D. critical
D. decidedness
D. decorativeness
D. demonstrative
D. dependability
D. economically


KEY - WORD FORM
Choose (A, B, C or D) to complete these sentences:
1. My father helps my mother with the housework. He proves to be ......, especially when my mother is sick.
A. support
B. supporting
C. supportive (thông cảm) D. supported
2. You give a ...... party in your new house to celebrate moving into it.
A. housekeeping
B. house guest
C. housecoming
D. housewarming
3. Anna made a lot of mistakes because she was ...... .
A. inattentive (lơ là) B. unattentive (kg ân cần) C. imattentive D. disattentive
4. Your ...... must be typed into 3 copies to hand in for our company.
A. applicants
B. application
C. applicating
D. applying
5. Well, I think that the prices in Dong Thap supermarket are ...... .
A. reason
B. reasonableC. reasonably
D. reasoning
6. This company offered a lot of ...... jobs.
A. attractive B. attraction
C. attract
D. attractively
7. The ...... of the moon for the earth causes tides.
A. attract
B. attracted
C. attraction
D. attractive
8. What are the ...... between women’s in old times and women in modern times?
A. differs
B. different
C. difference
D. differences
9. In the past people believed that women’s ...... roles were as mothers and wives.
A. nature
B. natural
C. naturism
D. naturalist
10. Mr. Jones is a ...... teacher.
A. devote
B. devoted
C. devoting
D. devotion
11. It is necessary for students to listen to their teacher ......
A. attentive
B. attentively
C. attention
D attend
12. We could call the TV stations and ...... the opening of our new store.
A. publicity
B. publicize(quảng cáo)
C. public
D. publish (ban bố sắc lệnh)
13. I like my work because I have the ...... to make my own decision.
A. freed
B. freedom
C. freely
D. free
14. Our company believes it is the best ...... to handle the account
A. organizing
B. organizational
C. organization
D. disorganization
15. I felt quite ...... with my day’s work.
A. satisfy
B. satisfactory
C. satisfied
D. satisfaction
16. ...... films should be made for school.
A. Educational
B. Educating
C. Educated
D. Educate
17. When I’m tired, I enjoy listening to music. It’s .......
A. relax
B. relaxation
C. relaxing
D. relaxed
18. We are in regular ...... with each other by telephone or letter.
A. communicate
B. communicative
C. communication D. communicatively
19. He apologized for the ...... he had caused.
A. convenient
B. inconvenient
C. convenience
D. inconvenience
20. After the ...... death of her husband, Marie Curie took up his position at the Sorbonne.
A. tragic (bi kịch)
B. tragedy
C. tragical
D. tragically
21. They gave a clear ...... of their intentions.
A. demonstrate
B. demonstrative
C. demonstration
D. demonstrating
22. What makes a computer such a ...... device?
A. miracle
B. miraculous
C. miraculously
D. wonder
23. My father has bought me an ...... computer.
A. electricity
B. electrical
C. electric
D. electronic
24. Information technology is very ...... to our lives.
A. useful
B. useless
C. use
D. usefully
25. A computer is a ...... typewriter which allows you to type and print any kind of documents.
A. magically
B. magical
C. magic
D. magician
26. The climb was ...... because of the bad weather.
A. terrified
B. terrify
C. terrifying
D. terrifies
27. Hue is famous for its ...... spots.
A. beauty
B. beautiful
C. beautify
D. beautifully
28. The most ...... thing about listening to music is that you can relax your mind.
A. enjoyment
B. enjoyed
C. enjoying
D. enjoyable
29. When did the cinema come into ......?
A. exist
B. existing
C. existence
D. existences
30. “The Spy Returns” is a very ...... film about a wealthy man who visits Italy.
A. exciting
B. excited
C. excitement
D. excite


31. Three films are in ...... for the same contract.
A. compete
B. competitive
C. competition
D. competitor
32. The Amazon is ...... longer than the Thames.
A. far
B. farther
C. farthest
D. furthest
33. The blue whale is ...... known animals, reaching a length of more than one hundred feet.
A. the large
B. the largest
C. the larger
D. most largest
34. You must place these events in their ...... context.
A. history
B. historical
C. historic (nổi tiếng trong l/sử)
D. historian
35. We need ...... information before we can decide.
A. far
B. further
C. farther
D. farthest
36. ...... of fire, many more buildings were destroyed than the earthquake itself damaged.
A. Consequence
B. Consequences
C. Consequently
D. As a consequence
37. The more a car costs, ...... it goes.
A. the faster
B. so faster
C. the fastest
D. faster
38. The use of pesticides is having a ...... effect on the groundwater.
A. devastate
B. devastation
C. devastated
D. devastating
39. Because of Lucille’s managerial skills, the family now has an ...... business.
A. expanse
B. expand
C. expanding
D. expended
40. It was always ...... whether the rocket would succeed.
A. undoubted
B. doubting
C. doubtful
D. doubtless
41. The day was so ...... that we decided to take a picnic lunch to the beach.
A. clear and warmly B. clearly and warmly C. clearly and warm D. clear and warm
42. The newly discovered ore (quặng) is being extracted by ...... of a huge robotic arm.
A. mean
B. means
C. meant
D. meanings
43. Although most people are ...... than I am, they are not a healthy or wise.
A. wealth
B. wealthy
C. wealthily
D. wealthier
44. Health care ...... have been rising but so has the quality.
A. cost
B. costs
C. costing
D. costly
45. Whereas the language barrier, in ...... times, was once an obstacle to trade, that is no longer the case.
A. earliest
B. earlier
C. early on
D. early to
46. Don’t leave your clothes ...... about on the bedroom floor.
A. lie
B. lay
C. lying
D. laying
47. You’ll have to work very ...... if you want to finish the project by Friday.
A. hardly
B. harder
C. hard
D. hardest
48. She is ...... to understand the matter.
A. enough intelligent B. so intelligent
C. intelligent enough
D. very intelligent
49. What ......!
A. an exciting story B. is an exciting story C. a story exciting D. the exciting story
50. How ......!
A. the room is dirty B. is the room dirty C. dirty the room is D. the dirty room is
51. The love for books is helpful in ...... the pupils’ knowledge.
A. developing
B. development
C. developed
D. being developed
52. At school, David was ...... anyone else in his class.
A. cleverer as
B. as clever than
C. as clever as
D. cleverest
53. I pulled the handle ...... I could.
A. so hardly as
B. as hardly as
C. so hard as
D. as hard as
54. Platinum is harder than copper and is almost as pliable(mềm dẻo, dễ uốn).......
A. gold
B. than gold
C. as gold
D. gold is
55. ......, Shirley thought Bill was Carol’s husband but later she realized that he wasn’t.
A. First
B. At first
C. Firstly
D. First of all
56. Sport is sometimes used by governments as a tool of foreign ......
A. political
B. policy
C. politics
D. politician
57. She got so ...... while watching the game that she began shouting.
A. exciting
B. excited
C. excitingly
D. excitedly
58. He’s left his book at home; he’s always so .......
A. forgetting
B. forgettable
C. forgetful
D. forgotten
59. That was a very ...... story about the adventure in the tropical forests.
A. excitement
B. excited
C. excitingly
D. exciting
60. The ...... of the request made us all laugh.
A. absurdness
B. absurd (vô lý)
C. absurdity (điều ngớ ngẩn) D. A or B
61. The ...... of the company’s president in all matters made for a miserable working environment.
A. contentiousness (cà khịa) B. contention (ganh đua) C. contentious D. contentiously
62. The job was done ......, and we were extremely displeased.


A. uncompetence
B. in competency
C. incompetence
D. incompetently
63. It’s a ...... plan, and I believe it should be instituted at once.
A. feasibility
B. feasible
C. feasibleness
D. feasibly
64. He spoke ...... to her, and she began crying immediately.
A. insensitivity
B. insensitiveness
C. insensitively
D. insensitive
65. The bird guarded the young ones ...... , swooping down on the cat again and again.
A. tenaciously (kiên cường) B. tenacity C. tenacious
D. teneciousness
66. When the automobile salesman described the car so ......, we became very uneasy about buying it.
A. ambiguity
B. ambiguousness
C. ambiguous
D. ambiguously (mơ hồ, nhập nhằng)
67. The meeting was ......, and all left satisfied.
A. harmony
B. harmoniousness C. harmonious
D. harmonize
68. “Since the goal seems ......, I believe we should begin at once,” Tim argued.
A. achievements
B. achieve
C. achievable
D. achieving
69. Her ...... in the matter was understandable.
A. reluctance (miễn cưỡng) B. reluctantly C. reluctant
D. A or B
70. ...... speaking, his life was a blessing to all. (phúc lành)
A. Philosophically B. Philosopher
C. Philosophize
D. Philosophy
71. Scientists ...... in their opinions of how snow crystals originate.
A. difference
B. differ (bất đồng) C. differentiate (phân biệt)
D. different
72. Opera singer Maria Callas was known for her ...... , powerful voice.
A. intensity (cường độ) B. intensify
C. intense (cảm xúc mãnh liệt)
D. intensely
73. Writer Ernest Hemingway is known for his ...... language and his lively dialogue.
A. simplification
B. simple
C. simplistic (giản dị thái quá)
D. simplicity
74. Many readers will disagree with the selection and the assessments as any guide will inevitably be ...... .
A. subject
B. subjected
C. subjective
D. subjectivism
75. An ec`centric (lập dị) is by definition someone whose behavior is ...... someone who refuses to conform to the
accepted norms (quy tắc) of his society.
A. abnormal
B. abnormality
C. abnormally
D. abnormalities
76. Students flocked to the new ...... where free medical supplies were handed out.
A. dispensary (chẩn y viện) B. dispense C. dispenser
D. dispensation
77. The ...... to the message was tacked on at the last moment.
A. appendix
B. append
C. appendicitis
D. appendage (phần phụ)
78. The company was ...... and made a tremendous amount of money.
A. progress
B. progressive
C. progression
D. progressively
79. The ...... account given by the witness convinced the jury of the plaintiff’s right to a settlement.
A. description
B. describing
C. descriptive (mô tả)
D. describe
80. Clarence ...... on the piano, delighting the guests.
A. improvised (ngẫu tác) B. improvident C. improvidence
D, improvisation
81. We drove at five miles an hour because the ...... was so poor.
A. visible
B. visual (thuộc thị giác) C. view
D. visibility (tầm nhìn)
82. They praised her for her .......
A. dishonest
B. honestly
C. honesty
D. honest
83. Have you got some kind of ...... on you?
A. identification
B. unidentified
C. identify
D. identified
84. They said my illness was ...... . Don’t they realize I’m in a lot of pain.
A. imaginary (ảo)
B. imagination
C. imagine
D. imaginative (giàu trí tưởng tượng)
85. She was a much less ...... student than her sister.
A. industrial
B. industrious (cần cù) C. industrialist
D. industrialized
86. She’s got a job as the ...... of a dress shop.
A. manager
B. management
C. managing
D. manageress
87. If he isn’t Spanish, what ...... is he?
A. nationality
B. nationalized
C. nation
D. national
88. It was very ...... of you to notice that.
A. observant (tinh ý) B. observatory (tháp canh) C. observation
D. observe
89. He couldn’t give a ...... explanation for his actions.
A. satisfaction
B. dissatisfied
C. satisfactory
D. satisfy
90. There is no ...... explanation for what happened.
A. scientist
B. scientific
C. scientifically
D. science
91. There is a ...... of carrots because of the bad weather.
A. shortly
B. shorten
C. shortage
D. short
92. Politicians ...... blame the media if they don’t win the election. They’re so predictable.
A. variable
B. variety
C. various
D. invariably (lúc nào cũng vậy)
93. This is very ......! Can’t you practise your violin somewhere else?


A. convenient
B. conveniently
C. inconvenient
D. convenience
94. I would like to show you my latest ......, which I have called “Boats on a Lake”.
A. creativity (óc sáng tạo) B. creator
C. create
D. creation
95. Why does everybody ...... him all the time?
A. criticize
B. critic (nhà phê bình)
C. criticism
D. critical
96. They’re going to announce their ...... tomorrow.
A. decision
B. indecisive
C. decide
D. decidedness (tính kiên quyết)
97. During the festival ...... were hanging from every tree.
A. decorator
B. decorations
C. decorative
D. decorativeness
98. He offered to give me a ...... of how the machine worked.
A. demonstrator
B. demonstration
C. demonstrate
D. demonstrative
99. We are ...... on other countries for most of our food.
A. dependent
B. independence
C. dependable
D. dependability
100. My new car is more ...... than the one I had before.
A. economize
B. economics
C. economical
D. economically
THE END


1. stable
(a) To............................................... the boat in rough sea, we redistributed the weight.
(b) Between 1860 and 1900 the country had a number of revolutions and up-risings.It was a time of great .........................
(c) The exchange rate is going up and down dramatically. It's very ............................... at the moment.
2. reside
(a) This is the President's official ................................................
(b) There's no industry or entertainment here. It's a ............................................... district.
(c) All ............................................... of the neighbouring houses were warned of the gas leak.
3. comfort
(a) In that tense situation I found the good news very ...............................................
(b) I felt rather ..............................................., so I put a soft cushion behind me.
(c) She sat in terrible............................................... on the hard chair for over an hour.
4. dead
(a) The increasing number of ............................................... in traffic accidents is alarming.
(b) Be careful! That's a ............................................... poison!
(c) The doctor gave him an injection to ............................................... the pain.
5. demonstrate
(a) The ............................................... marched through the streets chanting slogans.
(b) Grandfather rarely showed the affection he felt for his family. He was a very ................. person.
(c) What you say is ............................................... false. Let me show you the facts.
6. imitate
(a) The bag is made of ............................................... leather.
(b) Small children are very ........................................... in their behaviour. They just copy what they see.
(c) His acting style is ................................................ No one can copy him.
7. argue
(a) She had an ............................................... with her husband last night.
(b) He's a very bad-tempered, ............................................... chap. He's always quarrelling.
(c) She is ............................................... the finest pianist in the world.
8. repeat
(a) He lost his temper and used disgusting ............................................... language.
(b) In this essay you've said the same thing several times. It's very ...............................................
(c) I hope there will be no ............................................... of this shocking behaviour.
9. fail
(a) She is very efficient, and ............................................... polite to the customers.
(b) He considered himself a ................................................ He had succeeded in nothing.
(c) It was difficult to see much in the ............................................... light.
10. courage
(a) His friends tried to ............................................... him from attempting the dangerous climb.
(b) She ............................................... stood in the way of the escaping robbers.
(c) His parents gave him a lot of ............................................... in his studies.
11. real
(a) I think it's a bit ............................................... to hope that world peace can be gained so easily.
(b) He spends all his time in romantic daydreams. He's lost touch with ...............................................
(c) Ladies and gentlemen, I am a ............................................... and I think we must face facts.
12. false
(a) She wasaccused of ............................................... the financial accounts.
(b) It is a ............................................... to say he did it when you know he didn't.
(c) The ............................................... of his argument was obvious to everyone.
13. prophesy
(a) I am not a ...............................................and I would not like to make a ...............................................on whether the world
can survive this age of nuclear weapons.
(b) What he wrote in 1930 was ............................................... Much of what he described has come true.
14.describe
(a) The damage caused by the earthquake cannot be imagined. It was ................................................
(b) The teacher asked them to write a ............................................... passage about their home towns.
(c) The witness was able to give a full ............................................... of the wanted man.
15. friend
(a) The ............................................... between the two soon developed into love.
(b) In London she was ......................................... by a rich woman who looked after her and helped her.
(c) The desert is a dangerous, ............................................... place.
16. sense
(a) He felt a strange, painful ............................................... in his back.
(b) Even the most ............................................... person ought to appreciate the beauty of this music.
(c) What an idiotic, ............................................... thing to do!
17. famous
(a) The ............................................... of the Beatles soon spread outside Britain.
(b) The day of the massacre will go down in history as a terrible, ............................. day. It was a day of .............................
18. defend
(a) I just want to ask you a few ordinary questions, so why don't you relax? Why are you so .............?
(b) The government's policy on arms is shocking. It is quite ................................................
(c) We must do all we can for the ............................................... of this nation against possible attack.
19.agree
(a) What an unpleasant, ............................................... old woman she is!
(b) We finally reached ............................................... on the matter at midnight.
(c) I liked the place. I found the people, the weather and the food very ................................................
20. possess
(a) In his will he left all his money and ............................................... to his wife.
(b) She was a very ............................................... mother. She gave her son very little freedom.
(c) The actor playing the main part should be the ....................... of a very good voice, good looks and a very strong physique.
21. different
(a) I'm afraid I have to ................................................ I don't agree with you at all.
(b) Politeness is one thing. Real kindness is another. You must learn to ............................................... between the two.
(c) We get along pretty well, although of course we have our ................................... from time to time.
22. active
(a) The strike was organised by a group of political ................................................
(b) The fire-prevention system is ............................................... by any small increase in temperature.
(c) It is quite safe to go near the volcano. It has been ............................................... for years.


23. form
(a) It is especially important for children to have love and affection in their ............................. years.
(b) The slight ............................................... in his left hand was corrected by surgery.
(c) The police are considering the ............................................... of a new anti-drugs unit.
24. enthusiasm
(a) They threw themselves ............................................... into the new project.
(b) He’s a real golf ................................................ He loves the game.
(c) They didn’t really ............................................... over my idea. In fact there was some opposition.



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