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Giáo án tổng hợp tiếng anh 12

Complex noun phrase
The categories in the following table can be described as follows:
Determiners:
Observation:

articles and other limiters.
postdeterminers and limiter adjectives
(e.g., a real hero, a perfect idiot)
and adjectives subject to subjective measure (e.g., beautiful, interesting)
adjectives subject to objective measure
(e.g., wealthy, large, round)
adjectives denoting age
(e.g., young, old, new, ancient)
adjectives denoting color
(e.g., red, black, pale)
denominal adjectives denoting source of noun
(e.g., French, American, Canadian)
denominal adjectives denoting what something is made of
(e.g., woolen, metallic, wooden)
final limiter, often regarded as part of the noun
(e.g., rocking chair, hunting cabin, passenger car, book cover)


Size and Shape:
Age:
Color:
Origin:
Material:
Qualifier:

THE ROYAL ORDER OF ADJECTIVES
Determiner Observation

Physical Description
Size

Shape

Age

a

beautiful

old

an

expensive

antique

four

gorgeous

her
our

Origin
Italian


touring
silver

red

short

black
old

those

silk

dilapidated

several
some

delicious

handmade

roses

sheepdog
wooden

young

mirror

English

little
enormous

car

hair

square

that

Noun

Color

longstemmed
big

Material Qualifier

American

hat

boxes

hunting

cabin

basketball players

Thai

food

Pre-modifiers + Head Noun
Determiners + opinion (general) + size + shape + quality + age + colour + participle forms + material +
origin + type + purpose + HEAD NOUN
- Determiners: articles / possessive adjectives / demonstrative adjectives / quantity…
- Opinion: nice, wonderful, excellent, lovely, terrible, awful...
- Size: large, small, long, short, tall...
- Shape: round, square, fat, thin, wide, narrow....
- Quality: clear, busy, famous, important, quiet.....
- Age: old, new, young....
- Colour: green, red, yellow…
- Participles: broken, torn out, running, crying…
- Material: brick, paper, plastic, wooden.....
- Origin: British, Italian, American....
- Type: human, chemical, domestic, electronic....
- Purpose: alarm (clock), tennis (course), walking (boots)....

Số tính kích hình chất
(Từ chất

cỡ

dạng lượng

Tuổi màu phân liệu
từ chất

Quốc loại mục danh
tịch

đích

từ chính)


Parts of speech
1 - A Verb can be used:
+ after N(P) / pron. (as S)
My mother (she) always .............. meals carefully.
(preparation)
+ after modal: Nothing could ................... him.
(attractive)
+ before adv: Things ................... successfully at this time.
(get on)
2 - A Noun can be used:
+ as S
....... is a serious problem in many countries.
(employ)
+ as O (after transitive V)
Have you got any ..............?
(suggest)
+ as Complement
I consider him my ................... as he has taught me a lot.
+ after Adj. The restaurant now is under a new ...........
(manage)
+ after Determiners/quantifiers
What is the ............ of the runway at this airport? (long)
We have had a lot of ............ from customers today. (complain)
+ after Prep. I had to check the wages in ................ to my normal work. (add)
+ after BE
They teach here. They are ...................
3 - An Adj. can be used:
+ before N
Artists are ................... people.
(create)
+ after Adv. He is completely ...................
(employ).
+ after BE (Linking verbs: seem, smell, taste, look, feel, sound, appear)
He was ................... of the work he had done.
(pride)
Having been waiting a long time, I start to feel .............
(patient)
4 - An Adv. can be used:
+ after V.
I wrote ................. letters of application, but got no reply. (end)
+ before Adj. The world of computers is ................... competitive.
(extreme)



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