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Commas unit 07

Colons
Unit 7


Unit 7 Colons


After Salutations and Between Word Originator’s and
Keyboarder’s Initials



After As Follows and The Following in Independent
Clauses



After Introductory Independent Clauses




Between Hours and Minutes Expressed in Numerals



Before Quotations That Are Preceded by Independent
Clauses

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After Salutations and Between Word
Originator’s and Keyboarder’s Initials




A colon is placed after the salutation in business
letters when using mixed punctuation.
A colon is also placed between the initials of the
word originator and the keyboarder.

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After As Follows and The Following
in Independent Clauses
A colon is placed after as follows and the following
when these words are part of an independent
clause and are followed by an explanation or a list.
Space two times after the colon.


By October I must do the following: sign the lease,
paint the apartment, and buy a refrigerator.




Denise’s responsibilities are as follows: opening the
mail, answering the telephone, and acting as
receptionist.

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Tryout Sentences
1.

The dog breeds entered in the show were as follows
cocker spaniel, collie, golden retriever, and terrier.

2.

I couldn’t decide among the following menu choices
steak, salmon, veal, or lamb.

3.

Sue Ellen is seeking a job with the following benefits a
profit-sharing plan, a pension, and child-care facilities.

4.

Available jobs in the new show are as follows stage
director, lighting designer, and costume designer.

5.

Be sure to include the following people on the guest
list Domenico, Roslyn, Sunnak, and Smitty.

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After Introductory
Independent Clauses
A colon is placed after an independent
clause when a clause or phrase that follows
further explains the independent clause.
Space two times after the colon.


Steven sent a small donation: a check for $5.



Laurie achieved her lifelong ambition: she
started a business.

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Tryout Sentences
1.

The explanation for his failure is quite clear he
didn’t study.

2.

I passed three of my friends as I was coming
here Gamal, Hayden, and Lynette.

3.

Heavy rains caused rivers to overflow in two
states California and Washington.

4.

My car stalled because of my negligence I
forgot to fill the gas tank.

5.

Dora won a cash prize for her entry $100.

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Between Hours and Minutes
Expressed in Numerals
A colon is placed between the symbols for
hours and minutes when they are expressed
in numerals. Do not space after the colon.


The train departed at 9:35 p.m. and arrived at
1:10 a.m.



My appointment is for 3:30 this afternoon.

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Tryout Sentences
1.

I’ll see you at 11 30 tomorrow morning.

2.

We had breakfast at 6 45 and went to the 9 15
meeting.

3.

The train departed at 2 20 p.m. and is
scheduled to arrive in Detroit at 7 25 a.m.

4.

Dan came over at 8 35 in time for breakfast.

5.

The movie is shown at 12 05, 3 10, 6 15, and
9 20.

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Before Quotations That Are Preceded
by Independent Clauses
When an independent clause is followed by
a quotation, a colon is placed after the
independent clause. Space two times after
the colon, and capitalize the first word of the
quotation.


The commuters heard the announcement:
“All trains will be delayed.”



A warning sign hangs over the checkroom:
“All packages are checked at your own risk.”

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Tryout Sentences
1.

The student asked the question “is it necessary for my
parents to come?”

2.

Upon his return from overseas, George made the
statement “it’s good to be back.”

3.

I was not happy to hear the conductor’s announcement
“all trains will be delayed for one hour.”

4.

Carlotta read the label on the bottle “take only once a
day.”

5.

Before submitting his entry, P. J. noted the contest rule
“all entries must be postmarked before March 15.”

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