Tải bản đầy đủ

business english 2e by mary chapter 01

1
Parts of
Speech
MARY ELLEN GUFFEY AND CAROLYN M.
SEEFER

BUSINES
S
ENGLISH
12e

© 2017 Cengage Learning®. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a
publicly accessible website, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license
distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected
website or school-approved learning management system for classroom use.
© Larysa Ray/Shutterstock. © Valeri Potapova/Shutterstock.


Orientation:
How to Study Business
English

Before
reading a
chapter

1. Set aside a quiet time
and place to study.
2. Examine the chapter
objectives.
3. Take the chapter
pretest; check your
answers.

©
© 2017
2017 Cengage
Cengage Learning®.
Learning®. May
May not
not be
be scanned,
scanned, copied
copied or
or duplicated,
duplicated, or
or posted
posted to
to a
a publicly
publicly accessible
accessible website,
website, in
in whole
whole or
or in
in part,
part, except
except for
for use
use as
as permitted


permitted in
in a
a license distributed with a
license distributed
with a certain
product
or otherwise on
a password-protected
website
or school-approved
learning
management
for classroom
use. ©
certain
product or service
or otherwise
onora service
password-protected
website
or school-approved
learning
management system
for classroom
use.system
© Larysa
Ray/Shutterstock
Larysa Ray/Shutterstock

2


Orientation:
How to Study Business
English
As you
read a
chapter

1. Highlight important
concepts.
2. Write questions in
margins to ask in
class.
3. Study examples and
illustrations.

©
© 2017
2017 Cengage
Cengage Learning®.
Learning®. May
May not
not be
be scanned,
scanned, copied
copied or
or duplicated,
duplicated, or
or posted
posted to
to a
a publicly
publicly accessible
accessible website,
website, in
in whole
whole or
or in
in part,
part, except
except for
for use
use as
as permitted
permitted in
in a
a license distributed with a
license distributed
with a certain
product
or otherwise on
a password-protected
website
or school-approved
learning
management
for classroom
use. ©
certain
product or service
or otherwise
onora service
password-protected
website
or school-approved
learning
management system
for classroom
use.system
© Larysa
Ray/Shutterstock
Larysa Ray/Shutterstock

3


Orientation:
How to Study Business
English
After
reading a
chapter

1. Review the passages you
highlighted.
2. Ask yourself whether
you understand the
concepts presented.
3. Take the posttest;
compare with pretest.
4. Finish all assigned
exercises and check
your answers online.

©
© 2017
2017 Cengage
Cengage Learning®.
Learning®. May
May not
not be
be scanned,
scanned, copied
copied or
or duplicated,
duplicated, or
or posted
posted to
to a
a publicly
publicly accessible
accessible website,
website, in
in whole
whole or
or in
in part,
part, except
except for
for use
use as
as permitted
permitted in
in a
a license distributed with a
license distributed
with a certain
product
or otherwise on
a password-protected
website
or school-approved
learning
management
for classroom
use. ©
certain
product or service
or otherwise
onora service
password-protected
website
or school-approved
learning
management system
for classroom
use.system
© Larysa
Ray/Shutterstock
Larysa Ray/Shutterstock

4


LEARNING
OUTCOMES

▶ Understand the content of
business English and its
relevance to you and your
career.
▶ Define the eight parts of
speech.
▶ Recognize how parts of
speech function in
sentences.
▶ Use words in a variety of
grammatical roles.

© 2017 Cengage Learning®. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a
certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website or school-approved learning management system for classroom use. © Larysa Ray/Shutterstock

5


What Is
Business
English?

The study of language
fundamentals needed
to communicate
effectively in today's
workplace

These language fundamentals include:





Grammar

Usage
Punctuation 

Capitalization
Number style
Spelling

©
© 2017
2017 Cengage
Cengage Learning®.
Learning®. May
May not
not be
be scanned,
scanned, copied
copied or
or duplicated,
duplicated, or
or posted
posted to
to a
a publicly
publicly accessible
accessible website,
website, in
in whole
whole or
or in
in part,
part, except
except for
for use
use as
as permitted
permitted in
in a
a license distributed with a
license distributed
with a certain
product
or otherwise on
a password-protected
website
or school-approved
learning
management
for classroom
use. ©
certain
product or service
or otherwise
onora service
password-protected
website
or school-approved
learning
management system
for classroom
use.system
© Larysa
Ray/Shutterstock
Larysa Ray/Shutterstock

6


Why Study
Business
English?
 To refresh rusty skills
 To feel confident and
professional in using the
language
 To succeed in a workplace where
increasing emphasis is placed on
oral and written communication
©
© 2017
2017 Cengage
Cengage Learning®.
Learning®. May
May not
not be
be scanned,
scanned, copied
copied or
or duplicated,
duplicated, or
or posted
posted to
to a
a publicly
publicly accessible
accessible website,
website, in
in whole
whole or
or in
in part,
part, except
except for
for use
use as
as permitted
permitted in
in a
a license distributed with a
license distributed
with a certain
product
or otherwise on
a password-protected
website
or school-approved
learning
management
for classroom
use. ©
certain
product or service
or otherwise
onora service
password-protected
website
or school-approved
learning
management system
for classroom
use.system
© Larysa
Ray/Shutterstock
Larysa Ray/Shutterstock

7


What Are the
Benefits?

Those who write
and speak well on
the job are:




Hired
Valued
Promoted

©
© 2017
2017 Cengage
Cengage Learning®.
Learning®. May
May not
not be
be scanned,
scanned, copied
copied or
or duplicated,
duplicated, or
or posted
posted to
to a
a publicly
publicly accessible
accessible website,
website, in
in whole
whole or
or in
in part,
part, except
except for
for use
use as
as permitted
permitted in
in a
a license distributed with a
license distributed
with a certain
product
or otherwise on
a password-protected
website
or school-approved
learning
management
for classroom
use. ©
certain
product or service
or otherwise
onora service
password-protected
website
or school-approved
learning
management system
for classroom
use.system
© Larysa
Ray/Shutterstock
Larysa Ray/Shutterstock

8


Can You
Become an
Expert?

Yes, you can become an
expert by learning
where to find answers.

You will need these
books:


A current college-level
or desk dictionary



A good office reference
manual



Your textbook

©
© 2017
2017 Cengage
Cengage Learning®.
Learning®. May
May not
not be
be scanned,
scanned, copied
copied or
or duplicated,
duplicated, or
or posted
posted to
to a
a publicly
publicly accessible
accessible website,
website, in
in whole
whole or
or in
in part,
part, except
except for
for use
use as
as permitted
permitted in
in a
a license distributed with a
license distributed
with a certain
product
or otherwise on
a password-protected
website
or school-approved
learning
management
for classroom
use. ©
certain
product or service
or otherwise
onora service
password-protected
website
or school-approved
learning
management system
for classroom
use.system
© Larysa
Ray/Shutterstock
Larysa Ray/Shutterstock

9


Nouns
Pronouns

Interjections

Conjunctions

The Eight
Parts of
Speech

Verbs

Adjectives

Prepositions
Adverbs

©
© 2017
2017 Cengage
Cengage Learning®.
Learning®. May
May not
not be
be scanned,
scanned, copied
copied or
or duplicated,
duplicated, or
or posted
posted to
to a
a publicly
publicly accessible
accessible website,
website, in
in whole
whole or
or in
in part,
part, except
except for
for use
use as
as permitted
permitted in
in a
a license distributed with a
license distributed
with a certain
product
or otherwise on
a password-protected
website
or school-approved
learning
management
for classroom
use. ©
certain
product or service
or otherwise
onora service
password-protected
website
or school-approved
learning
management system
for classroom
use.system
© Larysa
Ray/Shutterstock
Larysa Ray/Shutterstock

10


 Nouns name persons, places,
things, qualities, feelings, concepts,
activities, and measures.
PersonsRandy, Joanie, employees
Places Chicago, Hawaii, Europe
Things pizza, kitten, surfboard
Qualities reliability, flexibility, patience
Feelings happiness, anger, confusion
Concepts communication, productivity
Activities working, speaking, dancing
Measures day, week, inch, kilometer
©
© 2017
2017 Cengage
Cengage Learning®.
Learning®. May
May not
not be
be scanned,
scanned, copied
copied or
or duplicated,
duplicated, or
or posted
posted to
to a
a publicly
publicly accessible
accessible website,
website, in
in whole
whole or
or in
in part,
part, except
except for
for use
use as
as permitted
permitted in
in a
a license distributed with a
license distributed
with a certain
product
or otherwise on
a password-protected
website
or school-approved
learning
management
for classroom
use. ©
certain
product or service
or otherwise
onora service
password-protected
website
or school-approved
learning
management system
for classroom
use.system
© Larysa
Ray/Shutterstock
Larysa Ray/Shutterstock

11


To test for a noun, use the
word with the verb is or are.

 Try these nouns with is or are.
Laurie is . . . .
Managers are . . . .
Freedom is . . . .

©
© 2017
2017 Cengage
Cengage Learning®.
Learning®. May
May not
not be
be scanned,
scanned, copied
copied or
or duplicated,
duplicated, or
or posted
posted to
to a
a publicly
publicly accessible
accessible website,
website, in
in whole
whole or
or in
in part,
part, except
except for
for use
use as
as permitted
permitted in
in a
a license distributed with a
license distributed
with a certain
product
or otherwise on
a password-protected
website
or school-approved
learning
management
for classroom
use. ©
certain
product or service
or otherwise
onora service
password-protected
website
or school-approved
learning
management system
for classroom
use.system
© Larysa
Ray/Shutterstock
Larysa Ray/Shutterstock

12


Pronouns replace nouns. Use
them for efficiency and variety.
 Without pronouns, sentences
sound like this:
Matt said that Matt must find Matt’s
keys before Matt can leave for work.

 How would this sentence sound
with pronouns?
Matt said that he must find his keys
before he can leave for work.
©
© 2017
2017 Cengage
Cengage Learning®.
Learning®. May
May not
not be
be scanned,
scanned, copied
copied or
or duplicated,
duplicated, or
or posted
posted to
to a
a publicly
publicly accessible
accessible website,
website, in
in whole
whole or
or in
in part,
part, except
except for
for use
use as
as permitted
permitted in
in a
a license distributed with a
license distributed
with a certain
product
or otherwise on
a password-protected
website
or school-approved
learning
management
for classroom
use. ©
certain
product or service
or otherwise
onora service
password-protected
website
or school-approved
learning
management system
for classroom
use.system
© Larysa
Ray/Shutterstock
Larysa Ray/Shutterstock

13


 Verbs express an action, an
occurrence, or a state of being.
Kim drove her car to work. (Action)
Kim has a bicycle too. (Occurrence)
Her bicycle is white. (State of being)

©
© 2017
2017 Cengage
Cengage Learning®.
Learning®. May
May not
not be
be scanned,
scanned, copied
copied or
or duplicated,
duplicated, or
or posted
posted to
to a
a publicly
publicly accessible
accessible website,
website, in
in whole
whole or
or in
in part,
part, except
except for
for use
use as
as permitted
permitted in
in a
a license distributed with a
license distributed
with a certain
product
or otherwise on
a password-protected
website
or school-approved
learning
management
for classroom
use. ©
certain
product or service
or otherwise
onora service
password-protected
website
or school-approved
learning
management system
for classroom
use.system
© Larysa
Ray/Shutterstock
Larysa Ray/Shutterstock

14


Three Kinds of Verbs
Action Verb: tells what the subject does;
includes physical and mental action
Examples: dances, decides, works, praises

Linking Verb: joins words that describe
the subject
Examples: is, are, was, were, am, appears,
seems, feels, smells, tastes, looks

Helping Verb: used to create verb
phrases
Examples: is, are, was, were, am, could,
would, should, do, does
©
© 2017
2017 Cengage
Cengage Learning®.
Learning®. May
May not
not be
be scanned,
scanned, copied
copied or
or duplicated,
duplicated, or
or posted
posted to
to a
a publicly
publicly accessible
accessible website,
website, in
in whole
whole or
or in
in part,
part, except
except for
for use
use as
as permitted
permitted in
in a
a license distributed with a
license distributed
with a certain
product
or otherwise on
a password-protected
website
or school-approved
learning
management
for classroom
use. ©
certain
product or service
or otherwise
onora service
password-protected
website
or school-approved
learning
management system
for classroom
use.system
© Larysa
Ray/Shutterstock
Larysa Ray/Shutterstock

15


To test for a verb, try the word
with a noun.
 Try several action and linking verbs
with this expression.


The manager _________________.
Make sense?
The manager speaks, the manager
decides, the manager was, and so
forth.

©
© 2017
2017 Cengage
Cengage Learning®.
Learning®. May
May not
not be
be scanned,
scanned, copied
copied or
or duplicated,
duplicated, or
or posted
posted to
to a
a publicly
publicly accessible
accessible website,
website, in
in whole
whole or
or in
in part,
part, except
except for
for use
use as
as permitted
permitted in
in a
a license distributed with a
license distributed
with a certain
product
or otherwise on
a password-protected
website
or school-approved
learning
management
for classroom
use. ©
certain
product or service
or otherwise
onora service
password-protected
website
or school-approved
learning
management system
for classroom
use.system
© Larysa
Ray/Shutterstock
Larysa Ray/Shutterstock

16


 Adjectives describe nouns or
pronouns. They answer the questions
What kind? How many? and Which one?

A good student submitted excellent
work. (What kind?)
Our manager bought two tablets and
one printer. (How many?)
This vehicle is expensive. (Which one?)

The words a, an, and the form a special
group of adjectives called articles.
©
© 2017
2017 Cengage
Cengage Learning®.
Learning®. May
May not
not be
be scanned,
scanned, copied
copied or
or duplicated,
duplicated, or
or posted
posted to
to a
a publicly
publicly accessible
accessible website,
website, in
in whole
whole or
or in
in part,
part, except
except for
for use
use as
as permitted
permitted in
in a
a license distributed with a
license distributed
with a certain
product
or otherwise on
a password-protected
website
or school-approved
learning
management
for classroom
use. ©
certain
product or service
or otherwise
onora service
password-protected
website
or school-approved
learning
management system
for classroom
use.system
© Larysa
Ray/Shutterstock
Larysa Ray/Shutterstock

17


 Adverbs describe or limit verbs,
adjectives, and other adverbs.
They answer such questions as
When? How? Where? and To what
extent?
Yesterday the power went out
repeatedly. (When and how?)
The restaurant is over there. (Where?)
We were served very quickly. (How and
to what extent?)

To help you remember the function of an
adverb, think of its two syllables: ad meaning
to add to or amplify the meaning of a verb.
©
© 2017
2017 Cengage
Cengage Learning®.
Learning®. May
May not
not be
be scanned,
scanned, copied
copied or
or duplicated,
duplicated, or
or posted
posted to
to a
a publicly
publicly accessible
accessible website,
website, in
in whole
whole or
or in
in part,
part, except
except for
for use
use as
as permitted
permitted in
in a
a license distributed with a
license distributed
with a certain
product
or otherwise on
a password-protected
website
or school-approved
learning
management
for classroom
use. ©
certain
product or service
or otherwise
onora service
password-protected
website
or school-approved
learning
management system
for classroom
use.system
© Larysa
Ray/Shutterstock
Larysa Ray/Shutterstock

18


 Prepositions join nouns and
pronouns to other words in
sentences. For example,
The truck was driven
by
for
to
with
around
over

Kim.
Kim.
Kim.
Kim.
Kim.
Kim.

Notice how prepositions change the
relationship between Kim and the verb.
©
© 2017
2017 Cengage
Cengage Learning®.
Learning®. May
May not
not be
be scanned,
scanned, copied
copied or
or duplicated,
duplicated, or
or posted
posted to
to a
a publicly
publicly accessible
accessible website,
website, in
in whole
whole or
or in
in part,
part, except
except for
for use
use as
as permitted
permitted in
in a
a license distributed with a
license distributed
with a certain
product
or otherwise on
a password-protected
website
or school-approved
learning
management
for classroom
use. ©
certain
product or service
or otherwise
onora service
password-protected
website
or school-approved
learning
management system
for classroom
use.system
© Larysa
Ray/Shutterstock
Larysa Ray/Shutterstock

19


How many prepositions do you
see in the following sentence?

4
After the accident Kim went to
Hawaii for a vacation in the sun.

©
© 2017
2017 Cengage
Cengage Learning®.
Learning®. May
May not
not be
be scanned,
scanned, copied
copied or
or duplicated,
duplicated, or
or posted
posted to
to a
a publicly
publicly accessible
accessible website,
website, in
in whole
whole or
or in
in part,
part, except
except for
for use
use as
as permitted
permitted in
in a
a license distributed with a
license distributed
with a certain
product
or otherwise on
a password-protected
website
or school-approved
learning
management
for classroom
use. ©
certain
product or service
or otherwise
onora service
password-protected
website
or school-approved
learning
management system
for classroom
use.system
© Larysa
Ray/Shutterstock
Larysa Ray/Shutterstock

20


 Conjunctions connect words or
groups of words.
Coordinating Conjunctions (most
commonly used conjunctions):
and
or
nor
but

for
so (used casually)
yet (used occasionally)

Pizza and burritos are
Kim’s
favorites, but she also
enjoys hamburgers.

©
© 2017
2017 Cengage
Cengage Learning®.
Learning®. May
May not
not be
be scanned,
scanned, copied
copied or
or duplicated,
duplicated, or
or posted
posted to
to a
a publicly
publicly accessible
accessible website,
website, in
in whole
whole or
or in
in part,
part, except
except for
for use
use as
as permitted
permitted in
in a
a license distributed with a
license distributed
with a certain
product
or otherwise on
a password-protected
website
or school-approved
learning
management
for classroom
use. ©
certain
product or service
or otherwise
onora service
password-protected
website
or school-approved
learning
management system
for classroom
use.system
© Larysa
Ray/Shutterstock
Larysa Ray/Shutterstock

21


 Interjections show surprise,
disbelief, or strong feeling.
Oops, I can’t believe I forgot the
attachment again!
Wow! Did you feel that tremor?
Well, I think this wraps up our meeting.

©
© 2017
2017 Cengage
Cengage Learning®.
Learning®. May
May not
not be
be scanned,
scanned, copied
copied or
or duplicated,
duplicated, or
or posted
posted to
to a
a publicly
publicly accessible
accessible website,
website, in
in whole
whole or
or in
in part,
part, except
except for
for use
use as
as permitted
permitted in
in a
a license distributed with a
license distributed
with a certain
product
or otherwise on
a password-protected
website
or school-approved
learning
management
for classroom
use. ©
certain
product or service
or otherwise
onora service
password-protected
website
or school-approved
learning
management system
for classroom
use.system
© Larysa
Ray/Shutterstock
Larysa Ray/Shutterstock

22


Important Tip
The same word can function as
different parts of speech depending
on how it is used in a sentence.
Consider the word service.
We received good service
here. (Noun)
He operates a service
station. (Adjective)
Did you service your car?
(Verb)

©
© 2017
2017 Cengage
Cengage Learning®.
Learning®. May
May not
not be
be scanned,
scanned, copied
copied or
or duplicated,
duplicated, or
or posted
posted to
to a
a publicly
publicly accessible
accessible website,
website, in
in whole
whole or
or in
in part,
part, except
except for
for use
use as
as permitted
permitted in
in a
a license distributed with a
license distributed
with a certain
product
or otherwise on
a password-protected
website
or school-approved
learning
management
for classroom
use. ©
certain
product or service
or otherwise
onora service
password-protected
website
or school-approved
learning
management system
for classroom
use.system
© Larysa
Ray/Shutterstock
Larysa Ray/Shutterstock

23


Quick Summary of Parts of
Speech
Namers
Performers

Nouns

Name things

Pronouns

Rename things

Verbs
Adjectives

Describe nouns and
pronouns

Adverbs

Describe verbs,
adjectives, adverbs

Prepositions

Join nouns, pronouns to
sentence

Conjunctions

Connect words

Interjections

Show strong feeling

Describers

Connectors
Exclaimers

Show action or link words

©
© 2017
2017 Cengage
Cengage Learning®.
Learning®. May
May not
not be
be scanned,
scanned, copied
copied or
or duplicated,
duplicated, or
or posted
posted to
to a
a publicly
publicly accessible
accessible website,
website, in
in whole
whole or
or in
in part,
part, except
except for
for use
use as
as permitted
permitted in
in a
a license distributed with a
license distributed
with a certain
product
or otherwise on
a password-protected
website
or school-approved
learning
management
for classroom
use. ©
certain
product or service
or otherwise
onora service
password-protected
website
or school-approved
learning
management system
for classroom
use.system
© Larysa
Ray/Shutterstock
Larysa Ray/Shutterstock

24


TRY YOUR
SKILL
Identify the part of
speech for each
word in this
sentence:
Kim becomes happy
when she receives
positive comments.

Kim (noun)
becomes (verb)
happy (adjective)
when (conjunction)
she (pronoun)
receives (verb)
positive (adjective)
comments (noun)

© 2017 Cengage Learning®. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a
© 2017 Cengage Learning®. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a
license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website or school-approved learning management system for classroom use. ©
certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website or school-approved learning management system for classroom use. © Larysa Ray/Shutterstock
Larysa Ray/Shutterstock

25


Tài liệu bạn tìm kiếm đã sẵn sàng tải về

Tải bản đầy đủ ngay

×