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Slide toàn tập microsoft word 2013 ch03

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Objectives
Objectives


Chapter 3: Aligning and Indenting
Paragraphs
Performance Objectives
 Change Paragraph Alignment
 Indent Text in Paragraphs
 Space Before and After Paragraphs
 Repeat the Last Action
 CHECKPOINT 1
 Format with Format Painter
 Change Line Spacing
 Apply Numbering and Bullets
 Reveal Formatting
 Compare Formatting

 CHECKPOINT 2
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Change Paragraph Alignment

change alignment of text

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Change Paragraph Alignment - continued
center aligned

left aligned

right aligned

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Change Paragraph Alignment - continued


Paragraph Alignment Buttons and Commands



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Change Paragraph Alignment - continued
To change alignment of an existing
paragraph:
1. Select the desired text.
2. Click the desired alignment button
in the Paragraph group.
To change alignment before you type a
paragraph:
3. Click the desired alignment button
in the Paragraph group.
4. Type the desired text at the
insertion point.
selected text
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Change Paragraph Alignment - continued
To change alignment at the
Paragraph dialog box:
1. Select the desired text.
2. Click the Paragraph group
dialog box launcher.
3. Click the Alignment
option down-pointing
arrow.
4. Click the desired
alignment.
5. Click OK.
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Paragraph group
dialog box launcher
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Change Paragraph Alignment - continued
paragraph alignment
paragraph
indentation

paragraph
line spacing

preview pane

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Change Paragraph Alignment - continued


To return to the default alignment (left aligned), click the Align
Left button in the Paragraph group.

Align Left button

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Change Paragraph Alignment - continued

Clear All Formatting button

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Change Paragraph Alignment - continued



To change the alignment of existing text in a paragraph, position
the insertion point anywhere within the paragraph.
You do not need to select the entire paragraph.

insertion point
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Change Paragraph Alignment - continued




You can turn on the display of nonprinting characters by
clicking the Show/Hide ¶ button in the Paragraph group on the
HOME tab.
By default, all nonprinting characters display on the screen
when you click the Show/Hide ¶ button.
Show/Hide ¶ button

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Change Paragraph Alignment - continued
To display the Word Options
dialog box:
1. Click the FILE tab.
2. Click Options.
3. Click Display in the left
panel.
4. Insert a check mark in the
check boxes in the Always
show these formatting
marks on the screen section
as desired.

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Always show these
formatting marks on
the screen section
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Indent Text in Paragraphs




You can indent the first
line of text in a paragraph,
indent all text in a
paragraph, or indent the
second and subsequent
lines of a paragraph
(called a hanging indent).
You can indent text from
the left margin, the right
margin, or both.

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Indent Text in Paragraphs - continued
Indent

first line of
paragraph

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Methods for Indenting
Press the Tab key.
Display the Paragraph dialog box, click the down-pointing
arrow to the right of the Special list box, click First line,
and then click OK.
Drag the First Line Indent marker on the horizontal ruler.
Click the Alignment button located at the left side of the
horizontal ruler until the First Line Indent button displays
and then click the horizontal ruler at the desired location.

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Indent Text in Paragraphs - continued
Indent

text from left
margin

Methods for Indenting
Click the Increase Indent button in the Paragraph group
on the HOME tab to increase the indent or click the
Decrease Indent button to decrease the indent.
Display the Paragraph dialog box, type the desired indent
measurement in the Left measurement box, and then
click OK.
Drag the left indent marker on the horizontal ruler.
Press Ctrl + M to increase the indent or press
Ctrl + Shift + M to decrease the indent.
Insert a measurement in the Indent Left measurement
box in the Paragraph group on the PAGE LAYOUT tab.

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Indent Text in Paragraphs - continued

Indent

text from right
margin

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Methods for Indenting
Display the Paragraph dialog box, type the desired
indent measurement in the Right measurement box, and
then click OK.
Drag the right indent marker on the horizontal ruler.
Insert a measurement in the Indent Right measurement
box in the Paragraph group on the PAGE LAYOUT tab.

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Indent Text in Paragraphs - continued

Indent
all lines of text
except the first
(called a
hanging
indent)

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Methods for Indenting
Display the Paragraph dialog box, click the down-pointing
arrow at the right side of the Special list box, click
Hanging, and then click OK.
Press Ctrl + T. (Press Ctrl + Shift + T to remove hanging a
indent.)
Click the Alignment button located at the left side of the
ruler until the Hanging Indent button displays and then
click the horizontal ruler at the desired location.

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Indent Text in Paragraphs - continued
To indent text using markers on the ruler:
1. Position the insertion point or select the desired text.
2. Drag the indent marker(s) on the ruler.

Alignment button

Hanging Indent marker

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First Line Indent marker

Left Indent marker

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Right Indent marker

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Indent Text in Paragraphs - continued
To indent the first line of a paragraph
using the horizontal ruler:
1. Position the insertion point or select
the desired text.
2. Position the mouse pointer on the
First Line Indent marker on the
horizontal ruler.
3. Hold down the left mouse button.
4. Drag the marker to the desired
position.
5. Release the mouse button.
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First Line Indent marker

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Indent Text in Paragraphs - continued
To indent text using options in the
Paragraph dialog box:
1. Position the insertion point or
select the desired text.
2. Click the Paragraph group dialog
box launcher.
3. At the Paragraph dialog box, with
the Indents and Spacing tab
selected, insert the desired
measurement(s) in the Left, Right,
and/or By measurement boxes.
4. Click OK.
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Paragraph dialog box

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Indent Text in Paragraphs - continued
To create a hanging indent using the ruler:
1. Position the insertion point or select the desired text.
2. Click the Alignment button located at the left side of the ruler
until the Hanging Indent button displays.
3. Click at the desired mark on the horizontal ruler.
Alignment button

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Indent Text in Paragraphs - continued
To create a hanging indent using the
Paragraph dialog box:
1. Position the insertion point or select
the desired text.
2. Click the Paragraph group dialog box
launcher.
3. At the Paragraph dialog box with the
Indents and Spacing tab selected,
click the down-pointing arrow at the
right side of the Special list box.
4. Click Hanging at the drop-down list.
5. Click OK.
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Special list box

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Space Before and After Paragraphs






The insertion of 8 points of spacing after a paragraph is one of
Word’s default settings.
You can remove this spacing, increase it, or decrease it.
You can also insert spacing before a paragraph.
Spacing before or after a paragraph is part of that paragraph,
and it will be moved, copied, or deleted with the paragraph.
If a paragraph, such as a heading, contains spacing before it and
the paragraph falls at the top of a page, Word ignores the
spacing.

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Space Before and After Paragraphs continued
To change paragraph spacing using the PAGE LAYOUT tab:
1. Click the PAGE LAYOUT tab.
2. Change the paragraph spacing with the Spacing Before and/or
Spacing After measurement boxes.
Spacing Before measurement box

Spacing After measurement box
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