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Human resource management disease ch 14

Chapter 14
Mental Illness and Cognitive
Disorders


Terms




Psychiatry – The medical specialty that
diagnoses and treats mental illness
Psychology – the discipline that studies
normal and abnormal behavior and applies
counseling for treatment
Neurotransmitters – Chemical
messengers, i.e. Dopamine,
Norepinephrine, Serotonin

Elsevier items and derived items © 2009 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc.


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Causes of Mental Illness




Environment – Family interactions, race,
culture, socioeconomic status alter
biological and psychological avenues for
mental illness and define learned
behaviors, attitude and perceptions
Age, Gender- Childhood learning delays,
poor self-esteem, impaired learning of
gender roles

Elsevier items and derived items © 2009 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc.

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Diagnostic Tests


Evaluations: Medical history, physical
exam, family history. Gained through
observation, discussion with patient and
family members, teachers, medical
personnel. Standard questionnaires.

Elsevier items and derived items © 2009 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc.

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Signs and symptoms










Disruptive Behavior Disorders – Willful
disobedience, defiance of authority,
aggression
ADHD – Hyperactivity, impulsivity, inattention
Mental retardation – Social language deficits,
below-average intelligence
Autistic Disorder – Reciprocal language
deficits, repetitive steriotypical behaviors
Tic Disorder – Rapid involuntary repetitive
movement or vocalization

Elsevier items and derived items © 2009 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc.

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Signs and symptoms








Dementia – Language, memory, and mood
deficits
Substance abuse disorders – compulsive use,
physical and psychological cravings, tolerance
and withdrawal
Schizophrenia – Loss of contact with reality,
severe disturbance in social function, bizarre
thoughts, withdrawal from social interaction,
hallucinations, delusions
Personality disorders – Inflexible patterns of
behavior with strained relationships, reckless
sexual behavior, violence, eating disorders
Elsevier items and derived items © 2009 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc.

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Signs and symptoms






Bipolar disorder – Mania (episodic elation,
inflated sense of self), alternating with
depression
Major Depression – Prolonged sadness,
significant changes in sleep and appetite,
irritability, feelings of guilt and anxiety
Eating disorders – Anorexia: persistent
dieting, starvation, excessive exercise.
Bulemic: binge followed by purging,
overuse of laxatives, excessive dieting
Elsevier items and derived items © 2009 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc.

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