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Human resource management disease ch 12

Chapter 12
Diseases of the Endocrine System


Glands and Function






Pituitary – regulated by hypothalmus,
produces hormones for growth, follicle
stimulating, thyroid stimulating, and
luteinizing; also antidiuretic hormone;
manages uterine contraction hormone and
breast milk stimulation
Thyroid– releases thyroxine for cellular
oxygen consumption/heat and energy
Parathyroid – release parathormone to
regulate calcium and phosphate

circulation
Elsevier items and derived items © 2009 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc.

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Adrenal – secrete steroid hormones for
salt balance, sodium retention, potassium
secretion by kidneys, regulate
carbohydrate, lipid and protein
metabolism and sex hormones
Island of Langerhans – Pancreas secretes
insulin, islets of Langerhans secrete
Glucagon to work antagonistically with
insulin, together they maintain blood
glucose levels
Testis- release testosterone
Ovaries- release estrogen
Elsevier items and derived items © 2009 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc.

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Signs and symptoms








Thyroiditis – Pain, swelling, thyroid


tenderness, goiter
Addison’s disease – Weight loss, fatigue,
anorexia, abdominal discomfort, vomiting,
diarrhea
Cushing’s syndrome (benign) –
Hyperglycemia, hyperlipidemia, fluid
retention, weight gain, weakness, fatigue,
hypertension
Hypergonadism – Precocious sexual
development
Elsevier items and derived items © 2009 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc.

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Signs and symptoms







Hyperparathyroidism- Weak bones
(deform, fx) kidney stones, depressed
nervous system, bone pain, weak
muscles, slow heart rate, abdominal pain,
vomiting, constipation
Type 1 Diabetes – Polyuria, polydipsia,
polyphagia, weight loss
Type 2 Diabetes – Polyuria, polydipsia
Hypogonadism – Lack of sexual
development, eunichism

Elsevier items and derived items © 2009 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc.

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