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Human resource management disease ch 11

Chapter 11
Diseases of the Reproductive
System


Female Organs and Function


Ovaries– store and mature eggs, release into
fallopian tubes with help of frimbriae



Fallopian tubes – transport mature egg to
uterus for expelling or fertilization



Uterus – supply womb for fetal growth, blood
supply for placenta or lining for release during
menstruation


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Bartholin’s glands – secrete mucous for
lubrication during sex



Hymen – membranous fold covering closing the
vaginal opening



Breasts – accessory organs used for production
of milk



Vagina - Birth canal



Cervix – opening of uterus for entry of sperm or
exit for birth
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Male Organs and Function








Prostate gland – secretes fluid to lubricate
sperm
Penis – pathway for sperm, urine, contains
the muscle which becomes erect for sex
Seminiferous tubules – Sperm development
Epididymis – Sperm enter after reaching
maturity (coiled tube)

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Vas deferens – store sperm for up to several
weeks – enters the abdominal cavity, then
into prostate for ejaculation through urethra



Scrotum- sac containing testis, epididymis



Testis – store the hormones, and future
sperm which when ready to mature will enter
seminiferous tubules

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Signs and Symptoms






PID – lower abdominal pain, fever, vaginal
discharge can have an odor, painful
intercourse, painful urination, irregular bleeding
Fibroid tumors of uterus – Some have no
symptoms, excessive vaginal bleeding, pelvic
pressure, abdominal pain, abdominal
enlargement, pain during intercourse
Breasts cysts – Tiny- fluid filled sacs in breast
tissue

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Fibroadenoma – Solid, firm tumor, usually
painless
Amenorrhea – No menstrual period
Dysmenorrhea – cramping, dull to severe pelvic
and lower back pain
Menorrhagia – Excessive or prolonged bleeding
during period
Metrorrhagia – Bleeding between periods,
extreme irregularity of cycle
PMS – Breast swelling and tenderness, acne,
bloating, weight gain, headache, joint pain, food
cravings, mood swings, fatigue, anxiety,
depression, trouble sleeping
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PDD – (dysphoric) – Feelings of sadness or
despair, tension or anxiety, panic attacks, mood
swings, anger that affects others, disinterest in
relationships or daily activities, lack of focus,
tiredness, food cravings, trouble sleeping,
bloating, breast tenderness, headaches, joint
pain, muscle pain
Endometriosis – Pelvic pain, diarrhea,
constipation, abdominal bloating, menorrhagia,
metrorrhagia, fatigue
Ectopic pregnancy – Lower abdominopelvic
pain, amenorrhea, metrorrhagia, nausea, breast
tenderness, back pain, shock, sudden pain
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Spontaneous abortion – Miscarriage – low
back pain, abdominal pain, cramping, vaginal
bleeding, clotlike discharge
Preeclampsia – Mild: HBP, protein in urine;
Severe: also includes headache, blurred
vision, fatigue, photophobia, nausea,
vomiting, urinating small amounts, pain in
upper right abdomen, SOB, bruise easily
Gestational Diabetes – Maternal
hypertension, polyhudroamnios, excessive
weight gain during last 6 months, fetus large
for gestational age

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Prostatitis – Acute: fever, chills, flu symptoms,
pain in gland, lower back or groin pain, urinary
problems, painful ejaculation, blood-tinged
urine; Chronic: urgent urination, frequent
urination, pain or burning during urination, pelvic
pain, back pain, occasional blood in urine or
semen, fever, painful ejaculation, recurring
bladder infections.
Orchitis – testicular swelling, pain, tenderness,
nausea, vomiting, fever, penile discharge,
enlarged prostate and tenderness
STDs – gonhorrhea, syphilis, chlamydia,
trichomoniasis, herpes, HPV and genital warts
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Menopause- hot flashes, night sweats,
trouble sleeping, mood swings, trouble
focusing, hair loss or thinning, facial hair
growth, vaginal dryness
Uterine prolapse- Feelings of heaviness in
pelvic area, urinary stress incontinence, lower
back pain
Cystocele – Pelvic pressure, urinary urgency,
frequency, incontinence
Rectocele – Discomfort, constipation, fecal
incontinence

Elsevier items and derived items © 2009 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc.

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BPH – Night urination urge, frequent bladder
need, difficulty urinating, urine stream
decreases



Erectile dysfunction - Inability to achieve
and maintain an erection sufficient for
intercourse

Elsevier items and derived items © 2009 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc.

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