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Human resource management disease ch 4

Chapter 4
Cancer


Terms






Tumors or Neoplasms: Swelling or new
growth. Can be benign or malignant.
Benign: Noncancerous and usually
localized.
Malignant: Cancer, rapidly dividing cells
that accumulate uncontrollably, invade
normal tissue can metastasize or generate
tumors at distant sites.

Elsevier items and derived items © 2009 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc.


2


Etiology of Cancer


Endogenous: Genetic







Age
Sex
Race
Heredity
Hormones
Immunity

Elsevier items and derived items © 2009 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc.

3


Etiology of Cancer (cont)


Environmental: Geographic/Occupational







Tobacco/Alcohol
Industrial Chemicals


Radiation
Diet
Chronic Infections
Medicines

Elsevier items and derived items © 2009 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc.

4


Signs and Symptoms of Various Cancers


Lung







Cough
Blood in sputum
Painful breathing/Shortness of breath
Loss of appetite

Breast





Lumps in breast tissue
Tenderness
skin irritation
Nipple changes/discharge/ulceration

Elsevier items and derived items © 2009 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc.

5


Signs and Symptoms of Various
Cancers


Stomach






Mild pain in upper abdomen
Fatigue
Loss of appetite

Colorectal




Blood in stool
Changes in bowel habits
Polyps (some are benign, some cancerous)

Elsevier items and derived items © 2009 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc.

6


Signs and Symptoms of Various
Cancers


Liver







Abdominal pain
Weight Loss
Fatigue
Abdominal Swelling
Loss of appetite
Jaundice

Elsevier items and derived items © 2009 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc.

7


Signs and Symptoms of Various
Cancers


Female Reproductive Tract





Types: Cervical, Uterine, Ovarian
Signs and symptoms:
• Pelvic pain
• Irregular bleeding (too much or too little)
• GI/Urinary difficulties: Constipation/Bloating

Male Reproductive Tract



Types: Prostate, Testicular
Signs and symptoms:
• Pain, Swelling, Difficulty urinating, Bloody urine.

Elsevier items and derived items © 2009 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc.

8


Signs and Symptoms of Various
Cancers


Esophageal/Laryngeal







Difficulty swallowing
Pain
Weight loss
Voice hoarseness

Bladder



Blood in the urine
Increased urination

Elsevier items and derived items © 2009 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc.

9


Signs and Symptoms of Various
Cancers


Head and Neck






Neck pain, swelling
Bleeding
Difficulty: swallowing, chewing, talking

Lymphoma






Hodgkins or Non-Hodgkins
Painful swelling of lymph nodes
Fatigue
fever, indigestion
Night sweats
Elsevier items and derived items © 2009 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc.

10


Signs and Symptoms of Various
Cancers


Leukemia








Fatigue
Weight loss
Paleness
Repeated infections
Fever
Bruising easily
Nosebleeds and other hemorrhages

Elsevier items and derived items © 2009 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc.

11


Signs and Symptoms of Various
Cancers


Pancreatic







Weight loss
Nausea
Diarrhea
Weakness
Jaundice
Upper abdominal pain

Elsevier items and derived items © 2009 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc.

12


Signs and Symptoms of Various
Cancers


Melanoma




Small growths on the skin
• Increase in size
• Change in color

Thyroid






Thyroid nodules
Hoarseness
Dyspepsia
Dysphagia
Fatigue
Elsevier items and derived items © 2009 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc.

13


Signs and Symptoms of Various
Cancers


Kidney






Blood in the urine
Flank pain
Palpable mass

Nervous System





Depend on location
Paralysis
Personality changes
Speech difficulties

Elsevier items and derived items © 2009 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc.

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