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New success intermediate workbook

Intermediate
Workbook
Lindsay White
Rod Fricker
Peter Moran
AUDIO CD

LEARNING


CONTENTS
Exam strategies

3

Functions bank

6

Unit 1


One ofthe gang

8

Unit 2

Keep in touch

16

Self-Assessment Test 1 Units 1-2

22

Unit 3

Outside the law?

24

Unit 4

His and hers

32

Self-Assessment Test 2 Units 3-4

38

Unit 5

What a disaster!

40

Unit 6

Animal magic


48

Self-Assessment Test 3 Units 5-6

54

Unit 7

Nobody's perfect

56

Unit 8

Getting away

64

Self-Assessment Test 4 Units 7-8

70

Unit 9

Feelings

72

Unit 10

True art

80

Self-Assessment Test 5 Units 9-lO

86

Unit 11

Looking good

88

Unit 12

The hard sell

96

Self-Assessment Test 6 Units 11-12

102

Exam Vocabulary

lO4

Exam Vocabulary Practice

114

Exam Vocabulary Practice: Answer Key

128

Self-Assessment Tests: Answer Key

129

Self-Assessment Tests: Tapescripts

130




Exam strategies
The New Success Workbook provides practice
with the most typical exam tasks found in upper
secondary school-leaving exams as well as exams
like PET, KET, FeE, Trinity and PTE (Pearson
Test of English). The exercises are graded to
intermediate level to help students familiarise
themselves with exam task types. The New
Success Workbook includes exercises that will
help you prepare for all parts of a typical exam:
Listening comprehension, Reading comprehension,
Grarnrnar/Use of English, Speaking and Writing.

Listening comprehension
General guidelines
Always
• read the instructions carefully before
listening to a recording for the first time.
Try to predict what kind of information you
might hear.
• look at the questions and mark your answers
when listening for the first time.
• read through all the questions again before
the second listening, paying special attention
to the questions you didn't answer during
the first listening.
Don't
• panic if you don't understand everything.
You don't have to understand the whole text
to be able to find the correct answer to a
question. Try to get the main idea of a text
and work out the meaning of words you don't
know from the context.
• spend too much time thinking about
questions you are not able to answer - you
can come back to those during your second
listening.
• leave any questions unanswered. If you are
not sure - make a guess.

TruelFalse (e.g. page 18, exercise 2; page 50,
exercise 2; page 66, exercise 2; page 82,
exercise 2)
• The questions are usually given in the same
order as the information in the text.
• When deciding whether a sentence is true or
false, take into account what you actually hear
and not what you know or think.
• Sometimes you need to refer to the whole
recording to answer a question, particularly
when answering a question about the speaker's
intentions.

TruelFalselNo Information
• Follow the guidelines for a True/False task, but
remember that this time you have three options
to choose from: a statement could be true
(include the same information as the text), false
(include information different from the text)
or there might be no information regarding the
statement in the listening task.
Multiple choice (e.g. page 34, exercise 2;
page 50, exercise 1; page 87, exercise 6; page 98,
exercise 2)
• The questions are usually given in the same
order as the information in the text.
• While listening for the first time, make notes of
possible answers. Then compare them to the
options you have been given and choose the
most similar.
• Some incorrect options sound very similar to the
information in the recording - be careful and pay
special attention to synonyms and antonyms.
• Sometimes the information needed to answer
a question is not directly given, you may have to
work it out on the basis of what you have heard.
If you are not sure which answer is correct, try to
choose it by eliminating the incorrect answers.
Matching (e.g. page 18, exercise 2; page 98,
exercise 1)
• If you have to find out who a person is or where
the recording takes place, concentrate on typical
phrases which relate to the person or place.
Sometimes one characteristic phrase will help
you choose the right answer.
• If you need to match a textJpassage to a
summarising sentenceititleiheadline, try to
summarise the main idea yourself and then
choose the answer that is the most similar.
Answering questions
• Read the questions carefully before you start
listening, and try to predict possible answers.
• You are usually required to answer each question
with no more than three words.
• The questions are usually given in the same
order as the information in the text.
Completing sentences (e.g. page 66, exercise 1)
• The gapped sentences are given in the same
order as the information in the text.
• Read the sentences carefully before you
start listening and try to predict what kind of
information you should be looking for. Usually,
the words that you need to complete the gaps are
exactly the same as the words used in the text.
• If the rubrics specify the number of words you
should write, make sure your answers are the
right length.
• Remember that your answer must be meaningful
and granunatically correct.

3


Reading
General guidelines
Always

• read the instructions before doing the task.
The task will affect the way you read the
text.
• try to work out what kind of text it is - it
may give you some ideas of what to expect.
• read key information first. A title helps to
decide on a general idea of the text and
the frrst sentence of each paragraph often
sununarises the whole paragraph.
• underline parts of the text relevant to the
questions (single words, phrases, sentences,
paragraphs) .
Don't

• try to understand every single word of a
text. You don't have to know all the words
to answer the questions. You may be able to
guess the meaning of new words from the
context.
• leave any questions unanswered - if you are
not sure, make a guess.
• spend too much time on one specific
exercise - your time in the exam is limited.

Multiple choice (page 12, exercise 2; page 27,
exercise 3; page 44, exercise 1)

• Identify the parts of the text that your questions
refer to.
• Focus on the detail of a paragraph or sentence.
An incorrect answer may only differ from the
correct one in the tense that is used, slightly
different information or information that only
partly corresponds with the text.
• Eliminate incorrect answers and then mark your
fmal answer.
Matching (page 12, exercise 1; page 27,
exercise 2; page 44, exercise 2; page 45, exercise 3;
page 59, exercise 2)
• While matching headlines to a text, always read
all the headlines first and then match them to
the relevant parts of the text.
• While matching questions to a text, try to find
the place in the text where there is the answer
to a particular question.
• Remember that this kind of exercise may include
(an) extra sentence(s),.so you will have to
eliminate unnecessary items.
• When you match missing sentences to gaps in
the text, skim the text first, ignoring the gaps to
get its general meaning. Then try to complete
the gaps with the missing sentences or words,
paying special attention to what comes before
and after the gaps.
Answering questions

TruelFalse (page 59, exercise 3; page 74,
exercise 3)

• Read the questions carefully before you read the
text. Then skim the text to get a general idea of
where the information is.
• Different questions will require different reading
strategies. For example, you may need to focus
on just one phrase or you may need to interpret
the meaning of a whole paragraph.
• If you don't find information confrrming that a
particular sentence is true, mark it as false.
TrueIFalselNo Information
• Follow the guidelines for a True/False task, but
remember that this time you have three options
to choose from: a statement could be true
(include the same information as the text), false
(include information different from the text) or
there might be no information at all regarding
the statement in the text.

4

• Read the questions carefully before you start
reading the text, and try to predict possible
answers.
• You are usually required to answer each question
with no more than three words.
• The questions are usually given in the same
order as the information in the text.
Completing sentences

• The gapped sentences are given in the same
order as the information in the text.
• Read the sentences carefully before you start
reading the text, and try to predict what kind of
information you should be looking for.
• If the rubrics specify the number of words you
should write, make sure your answers are the
right length.
• Remember that your answer must be meaningful
and grammatically correct.


Writing

Speaking

You may be required to write a short, practical
piece of writing such as a note, an email.an
invitation, an advertisement ancIJor a longer,
practical piece of writing, for example a formal
or an informal letter, a story or a discursive text.
The New Success Workbook will help you prepare
for these types of writing tasks.

The New Success Workbook will also prepare you
for oral exams. The techniques below will help you
to pass your exam successfully.
o

o

General guidelines
o

Always
o read the instructions carefully - what kind
of writing task is it?
o read the information you need to include in
your writing.
o write a plan detailing information you want
to include in each paragraph. If you have
time, write a draft copy or a few key
sentences.
o check that you have included all the
information that is required. Use linking
words so that your writing is coherent and
logical.
o check your writing style - have you used
formal or informal language as required?
o check (if it is a longer text) that you have
an introduction, a middle and an end. Also,
check that you have clearly defined
paragraphs and that you have the correct
number of words.
o check your grammar and spelling.
Don'!
o write more than the word limit. Think about
the number of words you need for each
paragraph when you write your plan.
o repeat yourself - try to use varied
vocabulary and grammar structures.

o

o

o

Try to stick to the aim of the task. Always keep

the question in mind when answering.
Do not panic if you cannot remember a word.
Use a word that has a similar meaning or give a
definition or description of the word.
If you do not understand what an examiner has
said, ask himJher to repeat himJherself. You can
also repeat the information you have been given
and, in this way, you can make sure that you
have understood it correctly.
If you are not ready with your answers and need
time to think, use conversational fillers or
hesitation devices (well, let me think, erm, .. .).
Avoid using the same words and structures show that you have a varied vocabulary and can
use a range of grammar structures.
If you are taking the exam with another person,
make sure you listen as well as speak - don't
dominate the conversation.


Functions bank

~

z

cc
a:a

Agreeing and disagreeing (Unit 1)

Cl)

Agreeing
That's so true!
That's a good pOint!
Exactly!
I couldn't agree more.
Absolutely!
Partial agreement
That may be true, but .. .
You've got a point but .. .
I agree up to a pOint.
Disagreeing
I'm sorry but I can 't agree with you.
I'm afraid I have to disagree.
No way!
Come off it!

z

-t;
Q

z

::::::»

u.

Asking pOlitely (Unit 2)
Could you (possibly) tell me how much it is?
Do you think it will rain?
I wonder if you could lend me £20?
I was wondering .. .
I'd like to know .. .
Have you any idea ... ?
Do you (happen to) know ... ?
Would you mind telling me ... ?

Giving and justifying opinions (Unit 3)
Giving opinions
Personally .. .
In my opinion .. .
To be honest .. .
It seems to me that ...
As far as I am concerned ...
If you ask me ...
Well , frankly (speaking) ...
Justifying opinions
The thing is ...
Everybody knows that .. .
The reason why ... is .. .
It's only natural that .. .
I mean ...
If you think about it ...
Look at .. .

Permission (Unit 4)
Asking for permission
Please let me ...
Can I ... ?
It is OK/alright if I ...?
Could I (possibly) ... ?
Do you mind if I .. .?
May I ... ? *
I was wondering if I could .. . *
'for formal situations when asking for a big favour

6

Giving permission
That's fine by me.lNo problem. /Sure.
Yes, of course.lPlease, do.
(Do you mind ... ?) No, I don't.

Unwillingly giving permission
I suppose so.
If you must.
As long as .. .
Refusing permission
I don't think that's a very good idea.
I'm afraid you can't.
I'm sorry, but ...

Presentations (Unit 5)
Beginning presentations
I'd like to begin by ... ing/l'm going to talk about ...
I've chosen this topic because ...
Introducing new points
Firstly/Secondly/Moving on to ... /Turning to ...
Giving yourself time to think
Well/RightlSolWhere was 1?lWhat I mean is/The thing is/
You see
Summarising your points
Finally/To sum up/Last but not least

Advice (Unit 6)
Asking for advice
What can/should I do?
What do you think I should do?
I'd really appreciate your advice.
I've no idea how/what to ...
I'm at a loss as to what to do.
I'm at my wits' end.
Giving advice
You should(n't) ...
You ought (not) to .. .
You'd better (not) + .. . *
It's a good idea to .. .
It's worth + -ing
If I were you, I'd ...
You might find it useful to .. .
Why don't you ... ?
Remember to .. .
'strong advice, similar to 'you have to'

Comparing photos (Unit 7)
Saying what is similar and different about both photos
Both these photos show ...
Another similarity is .. .
The first one shows ... , while the other one .. .
They have (don't have) a lot in common.
As in the first photo, .. .
Unlike the first photo, .. .
The difference is that .. .
Describing each photo separately
In the first photo/the photo at the top, .. .
Turning to the second photo, .. .lAs for the picture on the
right, ...
Identifying different parts of the photo
In the centre/in the foreground/in the background
On the left/on the right
At the top/At the bottom


Saying what is happening in the photo
She's pointing at the car.
He looks shocked.
There's been an accident.
Speculating
Perhaps/probably/maybe
It could be/might be/must be
It looks as if she's fallen off her bike.
It doesn't look like a serious accident.
Giving yourself time to think
I'm not sure. It's hard to say. I can't make out ...

Evaluating options (Unit 8)
Comparing options
Let's compare/look at ...first.
It's far too expensive.
It's (not) much cheaper than ...
It's not as expensive as ...
It's the least expensive.
It's twice/three times as cheap ...
It's half (oij/a third of the price.
Reaching a decision
But look atthe .. .
Don't you think it's too ...?
I'm happy to go along with that.
I think we can rule out ...
I think that's a clear decision.
... is our preferred option.

Relating an experience (Unit 9)
Saying when and where it took place
This happened/It was three months ago/during the holidays/
last Christmas
I was at home/walking in the park.
Connecting the different parts of your story
At first, ... , but then ...
when/as soon as/just before/immediately after
A few months earlier/later/the year before
so/although/because
Saying how you felt
I was so happy ...
I felt confused/like crying
I thought I was dreaming/going to faint.
Using direct and reported speech
She said 'Congratulations!'
She told me she had some good news.

Participating in conversations (Unit 10)
Politely interrupting
Excuse me, can I just say something?
That's a good point, but ...
Do you know what I think/(dis)like/find strange about ...
Holding attention
Just a second , I haven't finished.
Hold on! Let me finish!
Clarifying your message
What I mean is ... !The thing is ...
Let me put it another way.

Encouraging others to speak
What do you think?
Why don't you tell us what you think/your opinion?
Asking for repetition
I'm sorry, I didn't get that. Could you say it again?
Sorry, I wasn't listening. Do you think you could repeat that?
Asking for explanation
Do you mean ... ?/Are you saying ... ?
I'm not sure what you mean.

Describing appearance (Unit 11)
Age
He is in his teens/(early/mid/late) twenties.
He looks middle-aged/elderly.
Height/build/figure
She's quite tall and slim.
Hair
She's got beautiful long dark hair.
He's got short spiky hair.
Striking features
He's got dimples and a goatee beard.
She's got playful eyes and a cute nose.
Clothes
She usually wears casual/smart clothes.
He's wearing a short-sleeved shirt and jeans.
General impression
He looks well-dressed/scruffy.

Complaints (Unit 12)
Making complaints
It's broken/faulty.
It's not working.
There's a part missing.
It's shrunk.!The dye has run.
My order hasn't arrived yet.
It's not what I ordered.
There's a mistake in the bill.
It's too tight/tough/noisy.
I'm not satisfied with the service.
One of your employees was extremely rude to me.
You've forgotten to ...
Responding to complaints
Apologising
I'm sorry - there must have been a mistake.
It's entirely our fault.
I'm very sorry about that.
Making offers and promises
Would you like a refund?
We'll replace it straightaway.
It won't happen again.
We'll try to sort it out.
Defending yourself
Don't blame me! It wasn't my fault.
We're trying our best.

'1


One of the gang
GRAMMAR
=
Present Simple

1 Label the words in order from all (100%) to none (0%)
of the time.
always
[I]

Monday. The tennis coach doesn't work here in the
winter.
• facts: You become a teenager when you are thirteen.
Do British people have ID cards?
• generalisations: Lots of young people are sports
fans. Teenagers often argue with their parents.

occasionally
often
usually

2 Look at the information about Joey's evenings and
choose the best alternative for each sentence.
Monday
Tuesday
Wednesday
Thursday
Friday
Saturdav
Sunday

State verbs (seem, like, feel etc.) are usually in the
Present Simple:
You seem interested in photography.
Do you prefer colour or black and white?

Adverbs of frequency (occasionally, often, never,
always etc.) with the Present Simple show how often
things happen. We put them
• before a main verb: He occasionally goes to rock
concerts.
• after to be: She is often at home on Sunday
evenings.
• between auxiliary (e.g. can, do, have) and main
verbs: We don't usually go to away games. You can
always get a taxi at the station.

Time expressions (now, these days, at the moment
etc.) usually go at the beginning or end of the
sentence.

2
3

4
5
6

7
8
9

10

8

homework basketball friends
./

./

./
./

./
./

./

./

./

./
./

./

Find the errors with the position of the adverbs in the
sentences. Write a tick for correct sentences and
a cross for incorrect ones.

We use the Present Continuous for
• things which are happening now: I'm making
a poster for the school chess club now.
She's not sleeping, you can go in.
• temporary situations: At the moment, he's working
for a charity. Are you staying with your parents until
term starts?
• changing situations: More people are joining
internet forums these days. Is the chess club
becoming less popular?

TV
./
./
./
./

In the evening ...
1 Joey sometimes / often meets his friends.
2 Joeyalways / usually watches TV.
3 Joey usually / sometimes plays basketball.
4 Joey occasionally / never does homework.
3

Present Continuous

D
D
D
D

never

We use the Present Simple for
• habits and routines: I go to the tennis club every

Members of a fan club usually can
buy cheap tickets.
My school's societies meet never
on Fridays.
People don't work usually full-time
when they are studying.
Always I feel good when I give money
to charity.
Her favourite music is hip hop but she
sometimes listens to soul.
They travel often by coach to away
games.
Do you often get a seat on the
supporters' coach?
I usually am at home on Saturday
evenings.
She finishes her homework never
before midnight.
Does he always help you with your
homework?
She often is tired when she gets home
from work.

00

D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D


One of the gang

4

Choose the unnecessary word or phrase in each
sentence.

6

~

Write the sentences. Use the correct forms of the
verbs, either Present Simple or Present Continuous.

1 At the moment I work very hard every

she / never / use / the Internet.

Saturday .
2 She is sometimes living with her aunt until

She never U5es the Internet.

more young people / join / the Scouts / these
days? _____________________________

she goes back to London .
3 We're not always going shopping much these

days.
4 I every weekend go for a long ride on
Sundays.
5 She now is talking to him now.
6 He sometimes has no time right now so you

2 parents / always / not understand / their
children / problems. _________________
3 she / not do / a lot of work for charity at the
moment. ___________________________

can't talk to him.

5

4 the club / not have / a website. _______

Complete the sentences with the correct alternatives.

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

People often _ _ a club to make new
friends .
a are joining
c join
b joins
d aren't joining
At the moment, I _ _ lots of new friends.
a make
c 'm making
b 's making
d makes
_ _ you _ _ the supporters club's
Internet address?
a Are ... knowing c Can ... know
b Does . . know d Do ... know
He always _ _ the club's newsletter.
a writes
c write
b is writing
d doesn't write
Paul and Sue
the car to work this
week instead of the bus because it's so cold.
a take
c is taking
b takes
d are taking
_ _ the phone _ _ or is it a car
alarm?
a Does ... ring
c Does... ringing
b Is ... ringing
d Is ... ring
The club's committee members
a lot
at the moment.
a argue
c is arguing
b argues
d are arguing
This year, the number of club members
_ _ very quickly.
a is growing
c are growing
b grows
d growing
In Britain, people _ _ more money to
animal charities than to children's charities.
a are giving
c doesn't give
b aren't giving
d give
he
to the Scou ts?
a Is ... belonging c Do ... belong
b Does ... belong d Do ... belongs
They _ _ young people in their club.
a aren't wanting c doesn't want
b aren't want
d don't want

5 he / be / happier now that he / know / more
people. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __

6 you / listen to / the concert? ___________
7 I / not support / a political party. _________
8 every week / she / forget / the time of the
meeting. ___________________________
9 we / wait / for / the rain / to stop / before
/we/goout _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ____
10 it / not sn ow / at the moment. ___________
7

Complete the conversation with the correct forms of
the verbs in brackets.
Kay
Mark

Kay
Mark
Kay
Mark
Kay
Mark
Kay
Mark

What ~ you usually ~ (do) at
the weekends?
I 1_ _ (spend) a lot of my weekends
camping because I 2_ _ (belong) to the
Scouts.
3_
_
you _ _ (go) camping every
weekend?
No, not every weekend.
What about this weekend?
14_ _ (do) exams at the moment so
1'_ _ (spend) this weekend revising.
Why 6_ _ you _ _ (belong) to the
Scouts?
1 7_ _ (not like) watching TV, 1' _ _
(prefer) outdoor activities.
9_ _ the organisation _ _ (grow)
these days?
Yes, it is. And at the moment, I 10_ _
(organise) open days to attract new
members.

9


8

Complete the text with the correct forms of the verbs
in the box.

SPEAKING

allow be build
live save train

1

do go
work

have

join

learn

Match the beginnings and endings to make phrases.
1 That may ... ~a
I'm sorry but I can't...
b
That's a...
c
You've got .. .
d
No ..
e
I agree ..
f
Come .. .
g
I'm afraid [ have ..
h

2
3
4
5
6
7
8
2



. . Choose the correct phrases to complete the
conversation. Then listen to check.
Mr Gordon Graffiti everywhere! It's so ugly.
Carl
(Come of[ itI) / I couldn't agree
more. Graffiti is OK, Dad. I think
graffiti is art.
Mr Gordon Oh, 1I'm afraid I have to disagree

World Association
of Girl Guides
and Girl Scouts

Raleigh International i5 a youth development
charity that 1
with young people aged
17-24. Young people of all nationalities take
part in their home country or abroad. The
expeditions 2
self-confidence and skills
and encourage the young people to understand
more about the needs of others. Nitin Rishi,
a volunteer from India, joined a Raleigh
expedition in his home country and says,
'I decided to join Raleigh because I wanted to
learn more about developmental work, do some
travelling and get a t rue insight into the ways
different people 3
their lives.'
The World Associat ion of Girl Guides and Girl
Scouts is the sister organisation of the Scouts.
more
This worldwide organisation'
than 10 million members in 144 countries. Girls
-,---:-".- the Guides to develop leadership and
life skills. This year, 23,000 Guides and Scouts
6
to a big international meeting in
Sweden. Guide Katy Dawes said, 'I am very
excited about going to Sweden . At the moment,
I7
all my spare money for a new
sleeping bag and rucksack.'
The Duke of Edinburgh's Award scheme is
a voluntary, non-competitive programme of
activities that lead to bronze, silver and gold
people
awards. The programme 8
aged 14- 25 to do individual challenges which
are exciting and fun . 'I finished my bronze
award when I was sixteen. Now [ 9--::-::-:-_
my silver award. I 10
a new skill ,
guitar making, and for my community service,
[ 11
a junior football team.'

... way!
... off it!
... up to a point.
.. be t rue but ...
.. .good point.
... to disagree.
... a point but ...
... agree with you .

with you I I agree with you up to a
point, Carl. Graffiti is not art. It's just
vandalism.
Mrs Gordon Hmm. 2/ agree with you up to
a point I I'm afraid I have to
disagree . But Carl 3 has a good
point I is so true as well. Some
graffiti is really clever.
Mr Gordon Well,' that may be true but I that's
so true a lot of graffiti isn't. And why
not paInt inside if they are artists?
Carl
5 No way I I couldn't agree with
you more! Graffiti has to be outside.
Otherwise it's not graffiti at all!
Mrs Gordon 6 Come oifit / You've got a point
but what if the building belongs to
somebody? There should be special
places for it, not just ordinary
buildings.
Mr Gordon 71 couldn't agree more! I I'm

sorry but I can't agree with you.
Somewhere else, not all over the
railway station i
3

Choose the best ending for each sentence.
'Country music is wonderful, it has
such emotion and fantastic lyrics.'
Oh, come off it! It's terrible I I love it.
2 You've got a good point but I think it's great I
I prefer metal.

'I don't understand this paInting. It's
just lines and spots .'

3 That may be true but it's really not very

interesting I the colours are beautiful.
4 I couldn't agree more! It doesn't make any

sense I It's very clever.

10


GRAMMAR
Reflexive pronouns
Subject

Object

I

me

Reflexive pronoun
myself

he

him

himself

she

her

herself

t
I
I

it

it

itself

we

us

ourselves

you

you

yourself (singular)
yourselves (plural)

they

them

themselves

We use reflexive pronouns
• when the subject and object of the sentence are the
same person or thing:
He looks at himself in every shop window!
The cat washes itself a lot.
Did you enjoy yourself at the party?
• to stress that something is done without help/
independently:
My mum's a hairdresser but I always cut my hair
myself.
Did they build the boat themselves?
My great-grandmother is 92 but she drives herself
everywhere.
• to stress the subject or object only:
I complained to the manager herself.
The hotel itself was quiet but the resort was very
noisy.
The dog itself wasn't the cause of the accident.

o
1

A Come in! Make yourselves at home!
B Please help yourselves.
C Don't blame yourselves .
D Be good, and behave yourselves!
E See you later. Enjoy yourselves!

Mind the trap!
~

.~~~ .. ~

They're
throwing
water over
themselves.

~, ' ,
"

••

2

~

,,: 6

.!..-~-"'-"--

~~\,

{i

ourselves.
himself / themselves.
4 Molly, please sit down and help
yourself / yourselves to a sandwich.
5 They enjoyed herself/themselves
at the football match.
6 Tom and I cooked themselves /
ourselves a huge meal.
7 If the temperature drops, the heating
will turn itself/himself on.
8 When the train starts to move, the
doors lock themselves / itself

~\l~~~
-"'-"-- ~ -v..

~
\.

0
0

3 The Scouts carried their tents

~
~

0
0
0
ill
0

Choose the correct reflexive pronouns.
He talks about (himsel/J / herself a lot.
I hurt ourselves / myself at my judo
class.
2 The politician lied about herself /

~~

~

~

They're
throwing
water over
each other.

These are all common expressions with reflexive
pronouns. Match expressions A-E to pictures
1-4. There is one expression you don't need.

{i

3

0
0
0
0
0
0

Tick the sentences in Exercise 2 where the
pronoun means independently.

11



Complete the sentences with reflexive pronouns.

My dad taught himself to play the piano.
My grandmother cut
when she
was making lunch.
2 I can't forgive
for the terrible
things I said.
3 The twins always buy
an
enormous cake on their birthday.
4 Come to my party, Leo - you'll enjoy

READING
1. . . Read the article by a newspaper's dance critic and

match headings A- H with paragraphs 1-5. There are three
headings you don't need. Then listen and check.

A Why I love going to the ballet
B Where the idea came from
C Why I was worried
D Romeo and Juliet is the perfect choice
E A new star is born in Chicago
F How they found the young people
G My final thoughts
H A dancer's life

5 When Jake looked at the photograph he
in his grandfather's
could see
face.
6 We'll win the match if we believe in
2

Read the article again and choose the best alternatives.

7 We have a noisy pet parrot which talks
to
all the time.
S Why don't you and Adam take _ __ _
away for a long weekend?
9 Jess is unhappy because she doesn't like
_ ___ very much.
2
:;

Complete the text with reflexive pronouns,
pronouns or each other.

3

4

My dad is a fan of Joan Armatrading, a
British singer-songwriter. I don't like her very
much m)/self but my dad says she's fantastic .
She writes most of her songs '_ _ __ _
and she always accompanies '-;-:-_--:-:_.,.on the guitar. She played for Nelson Mandela
3
at his 70'" birthday party at
Wembley Stadium in London.
There are lots of other Joan Armatrading
fans and they send 4
emails
about her music and concerts. My dad is
also a member of an Internet fan club which
sends'
a newsletter every
month. Every time he gets the newsletter
he finds something he wants to buy
,
like a new Joan T-shirt or
think he
a rare recording. 7
should spend the money on ' _ _ __ _
not himsel1!
My dad's favourite Joan Armatrading album
is Me, Myself, J and he plays it all the time.
When my brother and I complain he says,
'When you have your own homes, you can
please 9
!'

12

5

6

7

S

The article is about
a a professional ballet performance.
b why young people become criminals.
c an unusual ballet performance.
d the ballet of Romeo and Juliet.
At the beginning of the evening, the critic thought
idea.
the ballet was a
C crazy
a great
b harmless
d fascinating
The critic thought the performance was _ going
to be bad.
a probably
c not
b possibly
d definitely
The two men wanted to make a programme in
which
a amateur singers and dancers got jobs in a
musical.
b professional dancers taught criminals to dance.
c ballet helped young people develop selfconfidence.
d ballet dancers worked for a young people's
charity.
The two men
a had no experience of working with young
people
b met while working together
C worked together before the project
d knew each other before the project
_ chose the young people.
a Teenagers from an earlier project
b Professional dancers
c People with experience of difficult teenagers
d The two men and a television company
They chose Romeo and Juliet because
a teenagers can recognise the problems in it.
b there are mirrors in it for the dancers to look in .
c it's a funny story that everyone enjoys.
d the music and choreography are good.
At the end of the evening, the critic said
a the perforrftance was not very good.
b the performers weren't good enough.
c the performance changed her mind.
d the performers were mad.


ARTS I BALLET

~an ba
~ hange

et

Ives?

[IT] Last night I was worried, very worried I had the job

of going to watch amateur ballet dancers performing on
stage with one of the UK's top professional ballet
companies. A performance like this seemed very risky
and I asked myself, 'Are they mad?' Before I tell you the
answer, I'll tell you why I had such big doubts.

find suitable teenagers to take part and they asked
teachers and youth workers already working
professionally with young people at risk to find
candidates for the project. Through them 300 young
people joined the programme and although about half
dropped out. in the end sixty teenagers appeared on
stage in the public performance.

[RJ The idea of mixing amateur and professional

dancers started a couple of years ago when two
friends with very different jobs found a way of working
together. One of the men had created an awardvvnning 1V series, MUSicality, in which amateurs
trained to perform in the musical Chicago. The other
man runs a charity called Youth at Risk which works
with young people who have serious problems with
aggression and antisocial behaviour. Although it was a
risk, the two men thought they could make a 1V
programme in which ballet changed the lives of young
people with problems.
[ill Their idea was this: if the young people could

accept the strict discipline and challenge of ballet
training, it would build their self-esteem and give them
new confidence in themselves. The first step was to

GO The ballet they chose was Sergei Prokofiev's
Romeo and Ju/iet, choreographed by Sir Kenneth
MacMillan. The story of Romeo and Juliet includes
family confiict, the generation gap, gangs, murder,
young love and teenage suicide so it is the perfect
mirror for the lives of troubled young people in today's
society.
[ill Going back to my original question: 'Are they

mad?' The answer is definitely 'no'. As soon as the
ballet started, my worries disappeared . It was amazing
how these unlikely dancers were magically
transformed Into their characters. At the end of the
evening I was left with this thought: ballet can change
lives'. It is a dancing cure, not a talking cure; it is silent
so it stops arguments.
12 March ARTS MONTHLY 3S


VOCABULARY

WORD LIST
Clubs/Societies/
University life
annual event
belong to
charity
chav
clique
Debating Society
fan club
final exam
first-year student
fresher
gang
goth
guest speaker
half-term holiday
Internet grouplforum
join
member
membership card
political party
scouting organisation
sports club/team
support (v)
supporters club
training session
university
Lifestyles/Relationships
antisocial
at weekends
be late for
boyfriend
bump into sb
calm down
close relationship
competition
computer game
enjoy yourself
fool around
get on with sb
get to know
go camping
go dancing
go out together
hang around
have fun
interests
lifestyle
make friends
married
(musical) taste
party
put on (a disco)
put up with
relationship
role model
youth (adj)
Appearance/Clothes
and accessories
accessory
appearance
baggy
bargain
baseball cap

14

belt
blouse
boot
bracelet
brand new
brush (v)
cap
cardigan
chain
coat (n)
cotton
denim
dress (n)
dress (v)
earring
eyeliner
fashion
fashionable
gold
hood
jeans
jewellery
leather
lipstick
mascara
necklace
nylon
old-fashioned
patch
piercing (n)
polo shirt
ripped
sale
shave
shirt
shorts
silk
silver
socks
striped
sweatshirt
T-shirt
top (n)
tracksuit
trainer
trendy
try on
wear (v)
woollen

Other
attend (school)
behave
care about sth
complain
confusing
district
go down
harmless
hurry (v)
laziness
litter
noisy
rude

1

Complete the gaps with words from the Word List.
Noun
bag

Adjective
~

fashionable
2 noise
3 confusion

4 _ _ _

5 _ __
6 trend
2

lazy
interesting

Complete the sentences with words from Exercise 1.

She has a large ba<;l where she keeps all her
make-up .
I like those jeans with patches on them they're _ _ __
2 Please turn the volume down, I'm finding the
music really _ _ __
3 Paris is the centre of the
world.
4 He just sits around all day doing no work.
He'sso _ _ __
3

Complete the sentences with the correct verbs and
prepositions from the Word List.

Do you often <;lo out with friends in the
evenings?
C_ _ d_ _ and tell me why you are
crying.
2 On Saturdays I often b_ _ i_ _ school
friends in town.
3 My parents worry because my younger sister
h _ _ a_ _ on street corners with a
gang.
4 We all f_ _ a_ _ in lessons sometimes you can't always be serious.
4

Complete the definitions with nouns from the Word
List.

en) a set of clothes designed for
doing sport, made up of a top and pants
_ _:--,-_ en) a small group of people who
spend time together and don't let others join
them
en) an organised group of people
who all like a certain team or famous person
(plural n) sports shoes often worn
casually
en) jewellery which you wear on
your wrist
en) someone whose behaviour,
ideas, etc. people try to copy because they
want to be like them
en) a part of a town or city

tracksuit

2
3
4
5
6


5

Choose the best alternatives to complete the fashion
report.

6

Starting from the top: Geo is looking good
in a 1_ . He is wearing a ' _ top with a 3 _
and ' _ trousers. To complete this fantastic
look, he has a ' _ chain around his neck.

2
3
4
5
6
7

skirt and a ' _
2 Now we have Frankie ill a 6
leather jacket. She is also wearing 8_ socks
and trainers. She has very 1960s make up
with heavy 9 _ and mascara.
3 Here's Natasha in 1 0 _ jeans with a
fashionable 11
on the knee and with a black
leather 1 ' _ . Her 13_ boots are also very
fashionable. She's also wearing a 1'_ T-shirt.
Unfortunately, I'm not so sure about those
1'_ earrings she's wearing - they look cheap
and nasty.

1
2
3
4
5
6
7

8

9

10
11
12
13
14
15

b fashion
a bracelet
a fashionable b ripped
a belt
b hood
a leather
b short
a silk
b nylon
a jeans
b combat
a trendy black
b black fashionable
c bright black
a baggy woollen
b woollen red
c striped woollen
a top
b earrings
a leather beige b ripped
a chain
b logo
a bracelet
bhood
along
b short
a cotton light
b trendy cotton
c horrible white
a big round
b drop

c baseball cap
c silk
c patch
c baggy
c gold
c denim

c eyeliner
c baggy
c patch
c belt
c cropped

Choose the odd-one-out.
white
nylon
tight
mascara
striped
patch
cap
trendy

striped
ripped
denim
eyeliner
studded
chain
hood
fashionable

brown
silk
baggy
lipstick
tight
bracelet
hat
tight

(leather)
cotton
ripped
earrings
ripped
earrings
top
smart

Extend your vocabulary
1

Study the definitions of the phrasal verbs with hang.
Complete the sentences.
hang around (inj): to spend time somewhere doing
nothing
hang on: used to ask someone to wait
hang on to: to keep something
hang out: to put washed clothes outside to dry
hang out with (inj): spend a lot of time with
someone
hang over: if something bad is hanging over you,
you are worried about it
hang up: to end a phone call

2
3
4
5
6

c fashionable gold
7

The weather was terrible so I couldn't
hano:J out the washing in the garden.
It was very busy at the ticket office so I
decided to
until the queue got
smaller.
! I'm not ready yet.
You'll need to
your ticket until the
end of the journey.
Don't
! I haven't finished!
While this terrible problem _ _ _ _ her, she
can't relax.
When we were younger we used to _ _ __
outside the park.
I like to
my friends during the
holidays.

15


Keep in touch
GRAMMAR

1

Choose the correct alternatives.

Present Perfect Simple
The Present Perfect Simple connects past completed actions to the
present. We use it for
• news:
Thieves have taken five hundred computers from
a warehouse in Leeds.
(= They stole the computers recently, the computers are missing now.)
• a finished action which has present results:
I've designed and built lots of websites.
(= I have done this work in the past, now I have experience in it.)
• a state or a repeated action in the past which is linked to the present:
Paul has lived in Spain for many years. I've read his blog every day
this week.
(= I read the blog for the last few days, now I am up-to-date with its
news.)

2

3

Time expressions
We use already (sometime in the past) and never (at no time in the past)
with the Present Perfect Simple.

4

I've seen his blog already.
He 's never written a blog.

We use since (from a point in time) and for (through a period of time)
with both the Present Perfect Simple and the Present Perfect Continuous.
She's lived here since 2003.
They've been watching TV since 7.00.
It hasn't rained here for two years.
It's been raining for two months!

5

Present Perfect Continuous
We use the Present Perfect Continuous to stress the continuous nature of
a past activity, for example
• actions which started in the past and are continuing now:
I've been cleaning my bedroom since ten o'clock this morning.
(= I started cleaning at ten o'clock and I am cleaning now.)
• a recent continuous action with present results:
I've been practising the song this morning so now I know the lyrics.
(= I practised the song for a period of time, now I know the words.)
• to stress that a recent continuous action lasted a long time:
I look tired because I've been driving for ten hours.
(= I drove for ten hours, I have just stopped, now I look tired.)
Affirmative
have been
l/We/YoufThey
(' ve been)
has been
HelShellt
('s been)

16

I

Negative
Main verb (-in{j)
have not been :
(haven't been) :
practising all day.
has not been
(hasn't been)

6

7

Social networking sites _ _
since the 1990s.
a are existing
b exist
c have been existing
d have existed
The sites _ _ many new
features.
a added
b have added
c were adding
d add
They _ _ very fast for the last
few years.
a are growing
b grow
c have been growing
d grew
The Queen _ _ a social
network site.
a recently opens
b has recently opened
c is recently opening
d has been recently opening
_ _ you _ _ on this site
before?
a Have ... been
b Did ... go
c Were ... going
d Have .... been going
No, I _ _ never _ _ it
before.
a have ... been seeing
b am ... seeing
c was... playing
d have ... seen
My sister _ _ them for years.
a doesn't use
b uses
c has been using
d is using


Keep in touch


Complete the sentences with either the Present
Perfect Simple or Continuous forms of the verbs in
brackets.

2

3

4
5
2

Complete the interview with Josh Terreli, founder of
social networking site Coo/Me.com. Use the Present
Perfect Continuous.
Reporter

Josh

Reporter
Josh

Reporter

Josh

Reporter

3

6

Josh, CoolMe has been ",rowin",
(grow) very quickly this year, isn't
that right?
It has, we 1_ _ (do) very well.
It's not been easy, th ough, I 2_ _
(work) 20 hours a day and I
3_ _
(not sleep) a lot. It's been
hard but CoolMe ' _ _ (get) so
many new members every week t hat
we've had no choice.
And ' _ _ you _ _ (work) on
any new projects?
Yes, I h ave. 1 6_ _ (try) to
introduce video to CoolMe but it
7_ _ (take) me longer than I
expected.
What do you think you'll do after
CoolMe? ' _ _ you _ _ (think)
about your future at all?
To be h onest, I don't know. 1 9_ _
(work) on a book but I don't know
when - or if - I'll finish it.
Well, good luck with it!

7
S

How RU? Hope everything's fine. ©
Listen, I 've been thinkin", all week about what you said
about the Internet, and I think you may be right: maybe I
____ too long online recently. Take today, for example:
I got up at 8.00 (okay, 9.00 ©) and I 2
non-stop
on my project for school. I 3
only just
it
now, that's nearly six hours!

you

online

programmer!

It's not just me, though. All the students here spend hours
online. It

5

worse since I joined the campus

social networking site here as well. I 6

messages

all morning and more arrive all the time. I think I 7_ __
about twenty just this afternoon and now I have to answer
them all! Help!
Seriously, I think I 8
a decision. I 9
to turn
the computer off all week, apart from when I'm sleeping, so
that's the first step. Sounds like a good plan? Write and let
me know - but I'll have to turn the computer on to read your
email! Oh no! Maybe you can phone?
I'm not sure this makes a lot of sense but thanks for reading
it, Dad!
KEEP IN TOUCH
Love you

Sally hasn't had anx chocolate for
3 months.

Police
arrest footballer
.
- - Burton ,
The police _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ __

2 Actress Katy Swan wins top award
~

Actress _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ __

3 Millionth fan visits star's b/og!
The millionth fan _ _ __ _ __ _ __

Suzie
Xxx

4 United
do not- win
the title
- United _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __

CoolMe _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __

4

that long today? I bet the answer's no and you're a computer



5 COOLME INTRODUCES VIDEO SERVICE

be

From: Suzie
To:
Dad
Subject: Oh dear!!

No ChoCOlate lor satlY lor 3 months now.
'"

Complete the email from Suzie about her Internet
addiction. Use the Present Perfect Simple or
Continuous form of verbs from the box.
finish receive tl!iRk make answer
decide work become spend

Read the headlines and write Present Perfect Simple
sentences.
r

They have srent (spend) hundreds of dollar s
on th e special effects in this film.
_ _ you _ _ (revise) all day?
Bands _ _ (experimen t) with computergener ated music for more than thirty year s.
He _ _ (try) to pass his driving test fo r
five years - I d on 't think he'll ever succeed.
Since I bough t an iPod, I _ _ (listen) to
music all the time.
I _ _ (be) a member of CoolMe since I was
fifteen.
I _ _ (not play) the piano since I was
a child so I _ _ (practise) as much as
possible r ecently.
People _ _ (use) personal computers since
th e 1970s.

1
17


SPEAKING

LISTENING

1 . . Complete the phrases to make polite question
forms. Then listen to check.

I w_ _ if you could help me?
2 I'd 1_ _ to k_ _ where the restaW'ant is,
please.
3 Could you p _ _ t _ _ me what time the
show starts?
4 Do you t_ _ it will be cold?
5 Do you h _ _ to k_ _ how much it
costs?
6 Have you a_ _ i_ _ where he lives?
7 Would you m_ _ t _ _ me how to get to
the theatre?
8 I was w_ _ if you have seen Joe?
1 . . Listen to four people talking about the Internet.
Match speakers A- D to the statements below. There
are two speakers for each statement.

Who ...
1 ". says they use the Internet to
contact friends?
2 ". says their life would be
difficult without the Internet?
3 ". has rrtixed feelings about the
Internet?
4 ". uses the Internet in limited
ways?

18

questions to make them more polite. Then listen to
check.

tI'd

--------------------~

2 Iwas ___________________________

0
0
0

Speaker B - Carl
4 always buys books and films online.
5 always plays the same game online.
6 thinks the Internet saves him time.

0
0
0

Speaker C - Kelly
7 uses the Internet every day.
8 always buys books and films online.
9 has bought fruit and vegetables onIine.

0
0
0

Speaker D - Zoe
10 is careful which sites she visits.
11 has had problems with her credit card
12 has had problems without an email
address.

. . Read the dialogues and rewrite the underlined

AHello, Hotel Grand.
B Hello. IHow much is a double room?
A€50 per night.
BOK. And 2do you have a sauna?
AYes, we do.

2 . . Read the sentences. Listen to the four speakers
again. Are the statements true (T) or false (F)?
Speaker A - Anton
1 meets his fl'iends all the time.
2 prefers instant messaging to seeing his
friends face to face.
3 is a very busy person.

2

0
0
0

2 A Hello?
B Hi, Suzy, it's Jim. Listen, "what time does
the train leave tomorrow?
A Hi, Jim. Er, I'm not sW'e. Maybe try the
station.
C Victoria Station. How can I help you?
B Hello. 'What time is the train to EdinbW'gh
tomorrow morning?
C It leaves at 9.30.
B Great. ' Does the train have a restaurant
car?
C Yes, it does.
B "And is there a first-class carriage?
C Yes, there is.
B That's super. Thanks for your help.
Goodbye.

3 Have you _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ __ _ _
4 I was ___________________________
5 Do you _________________________
6 And would you __________________


Ke ep in touch

WRITING I A personal letter
1

Read the letter and study the information. Underline three things that tell you this is an informal letter.

1 Put your address in
the top right corner
of the letter.

43 Marsh Road

I-------

Lowestoft
Suffolk
NR32 7YT

2 Write the date under
I------the address.
Start with Dear.
You can use Hi ... in

very informal letters.

r-~

Dear Grace

26 th June

I

I'm sorry I haven't been in touch recently but my
email isn't working properly, I've lost my mobile and life has been too busy!

- Use a new paragraph
for each main idea.

I hope you are having great summer and that all your
exams are over. I've been doing exams for ever but
the last one was this afternoon. Fantastic! I'm now
free and can start to relax. While I was doing my
exams I was either in an exam room or at home trying
to revise. Let's hope that all this hard work is
rewarded with incredible results!

- Say something about
me reader's life.

4 Start by saying
something about
when you were last
in touch or explain
why you haven't been
in touch for a while.

Use informal phrases
to get the reader's

attention.

9 Give a reason to end
the letter.

-

Guess what! I'm going camping in Spain with two
8 Use questions to
friends from school. Do you want to come with us? - --1
speak directly to the
It'll be better if there are four of us and I'm sure
reader.
you'll like Amy and Ryan. We're leaving on the first
L,r---------------~
Saturday in August and we'll be away until our money
runs out. Please say yes!

Got to go now - mum's calling me for dinner and I'm
going out with all the other lucky people who have

finished their exams!

11 Close with an
Let me know about the trip to Spain!
informal phrase, e.g.
Best wishes, Take --- Look after yourself.
care, Look after
yourself, Write

soon.

10 Use imperatives
to communicate
directly with the
reader.

I1

~"

2

You are (Daniel's friend) Amy or Ryan. Your grandmother is ill so you have gone to her home with your parents.
Write a friendly letter to Daniel. Remember to layout your letter correctly and to start and end in a friendly manner.
Include this information:






explain where you are and why.
ask about his exams.
say you are looking forward to the holiday and explain what preparations you have made.
give him some news about another friend.
tell him how he can contact you while you are at your grandmother's home.

19


WORD LIST
Computers/
Communications/
Technology
3D
access (v)
application
attach
battery
blog
camera
check (messages/emails)
click (v)
come out
communications
contact (v)
crash (v)
cursor
cyberbullying
delete
document (n)
down load
electrical goods
email (n)
(external) hard drive
freeware
function (n)
get through to
gigabyte
go dead

GPS
inbox
install
instant message
Internet forum/message
board
invention
iPhone
keep in touch
kinetic energy
letter
log out
loudspeaker
make (n)
manual (n)
microphone
mobile phone
model (n)
offline
online (adv)
open (file/folder)
paste (v)
phonebook
post (v)
postcard
power (n)
produce (v)
product
profile
program (n)
receiver
recharge
ring tone

20

VOCABULARY
save
search engine
send a message
signal (n)
signal strength
social networking site
spyware
store (v)
switch on/off
technology
text message
toolbar
touch screen
turn up/down
undo
unread
update
upload
USB memory stick
user-friendly
vibrating alert
virus
voice mail
volume
Other
addictive
artificial
best buy
boss
bring out
capture (v)
come up with
company
customer
develop
disturb
drawback
exhausted
flexible
games designer
implant (n)
impressive
layer (n)
leaflet
level (n)
manage to
news
painless
personal information
practical
recommend
rest and relaxation
review (n)
run out of
safe
solve (a problem)
stressed out
transparent
waterproof
wonder (v)
work long hours

1

Complete the gaps with words from the Word List.
Verb

Noun
attaclunent
deletion
development
distW'bance

1
2

3
4
5 inform

6

installation

7 invent
8
9 receive
10

2

solution

Complete the sentences with words from Exercise 1.

2
3
4
5
6
7
3

production

When it was first created, nobody could predict
how the Internet would develop .
I need to _ _ anti-virus software on my
home computer.
The Internet could be the greatest _ _ since
the automobile.
People love sudoku, though many of the
puzzles are almost impossible to _ _ .
I never save emails, I _ _ t hem.
To add _ _ to emails you need to click on
the paperclip icon.
Most computers nowadays are _ _ in China.
I have to turn my phone off at work because
the noise of texts arriving _ _ me.

Complete the compound nouns with words from the
box. Then check your answers in the Word List.

eel! computer vibrating ring memory
phone search spy tool voice

phone
book
mail
program
bar
tone
alert
stick
engine

2
3
4
5

6
7

8
9
4

ware

Complete the sentences with words from Exercise 3.

To attach a document, click on this icon on the
toolbar.

2
3
4
5

I keep everybody's numbers on my mobile so I
don't need a
If I don't answer, you can leave a message on
my _ _ .
I love using jazz music as my _ _ .
I typed 'English nouns' into a _ _ and it
found more than seven million sites.
_ _ is the name for programmes which
secretly collect information about you from
YOW' computer.


Keep in touch

:;

Choose the best meaning for each word.

Extend your vocabulary

1 come up with :

1

2

3

4
5

6
7
8
6

a invent
b
manual:
a keyboard b
artificial:
a not true b
painless:
a not nice b
volume:
a loudness b
undo:
a stop doing b
exhausted:
b
a tired
run out of:
a try to find b

give

c bring

Choose the word or phrase which does not
collocate with the main word.

mechanical

c not natural

sensitive

c not hurting

3

box

c speed

4

keep on doing

c go back

full

c wasted

have no more

c send away

5
6
7
8

2

Choose the correct alternatives to complete the text.

2

Complete the sentences with a word or phrase
from Exercise 1.

Facebook is one of the most popular social
networking 1_ _ in the world, allowing users
to contact each other, 2_ _ news, send , __
messages and keep in touch in many other ways.

2

3

The site was founded in 2004 by Mark Zuckerberg,
a computer science student at Harvard, and his
college roommates. At first, the site was only
available to Harvard students but since 2006
Facebook has been open to all: anybody thirteen
years old or older with a valid email address can
4
the site. The site has been developed
constantly ever since and new ' __ are added
regularly. In 2010 Facebook had around 600
million active users and its value has been
estimated at over $40 billion.
Facebook has had some problems, however. The
' __ has been criticised in the past for not
protecting the 7_ _ information that users
include in their 8_ _ and it has been blocked by
numerous countries at different times for political
and religious reasons. The site is also often
blocked by companies worried at how much time
their workers spend 9_ _ .

2
3

4
5
6
7

8
9

a webs
b sites
a post
b write
a instant
b lightning
a find
b open
a elements
b features
a producer
b company
a particular
b special
a profiles
b status
a connected
b crashed

start up / log in to Xexit from) / shut down
your comput er
open / edit / save / clean
a docume nt
cut / copy / burn / paste
t e xt
scroll up, down / close / shut / bookmark
a page
enter / move / upload, download / delete
a file
edit / burn / insert / eject
a disk
surf / search / browse / cruise the Internet
visit / join / click on / bookmark a website
send / join / click on / bookmark
a link
~~~

instruction book c software

c pages
d portals
c type
d message
c short
d fast
c access
d see
c offers
d parts
c partner
d provider
c secret
d personal
c user names
d groups
c online
d networked

4
5

6
7

8
9

3

We're finished, you can ___ your
computer.
Don't forget to _ _ the document after
you finish it.
the text in the box at the bottom.
It's easier than typing it!
It's at the top of the page, you'll have
to _ _
You can
the file from our server if
you want a copy.
It's stuck! I can't
the disk from the
computer.
the net but I couldn 't find the
I tried
information.
This website is fantastic! ___ it so we
don't forget the address.
That sounds like an interesting site. Could
you _ _ a link to it?

Study the information about the Internet and
complete the text.
WORD FOCUS: INTERNET
places on the Internet: website/site, web page, chat
room
things you do on the Internet: surf the net (spend
time looking at websites for fun) , visit websites and
chat rooms, download files from the Internet, check
your emails, email people or chat with them, shop

online or work c."line. You can also bookmark sites
that you want to go back to regularly, which
putting them on your list of favourites.

means

HANWORTH LIBRARY
Members of the public are welcome to use the library's cam uters
If you are not Sure how to access the Internet please s p
.
one of the libra;ians who will show you how to: peak to

the net.
• find a particular 2
. 3

-files.

You are not allowed to use the library's computers to'
0 4
.
- -__ chat rooms.
o 5
- ___ emaiJs.

- shop
o

bookmark

7

6 _ _ __

- -__ or create a list of 8_ _ __


SELF-ASSESSMENT TEST 1 I UNITS 1-2
3

VOCABULARY AND GRAMMAR
1

I

I

The Int emet is a wonderful thing but it is
important t o protect your computer from
viruses.

(7) and other dangers.

I

Generally speaking. if you have paid for a

,

program t hen it should be virus-free but you
should be careful when ' _ _ _ _ _ (11)
free programs -

3

4

Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar
meaning to the first.
(6 points)

(8) - from

the Intemet. You should also be careful of
files which are ' _ _ _ _ _ (8) to emails.
especially if you do not know t he sender. and
files given to you on a USB

5_ _ _ _ _

(6)

2

stick. It is best to always scan these w ith
an anti-virus program before opening or
_ _ __ _

3

(10) them on your computer.

4
2

Complete the text with a preposition in each
gap.
(6 points)

I often used to be bored at the weekend. I didn't
use to go out with anyone and had nothing to
do. I hung I
at the shops but didn't
have any money to spend. Then, one day,
I bumped 2
an old friend whose dad
had his own business and we started chatting.
We got 3
well with each other and he
told me that his father might give me a job so
we went to see him. He was great and I started
the next day, working in his toy shop. I spent
most of the first day fooling 4
with the
model trains! I don't know how he put '_,-_ _
with my behaviour but eventually I calmed
6
and now, five years later, I'm the
manager of one of the biggest shops in our city.

22

(6 points)

My brother is in a gang. He's been in it[since)/
Jor / Jrom he was 17 and he's now 21. They call
I them / - / themselves 'The crazies' but I don't
think they do many crazy things. They have
known' themselves / them / each other since
they were small children, so, of course , I have
known them for years too. They meet 3 them /
themselves / - every Saturday. Tom, my brother,
takes hours to get ready. At the moment, he
4 has / has been having / is having a shower.
He's been in the bathroom for ages. He always
looks at 5 him / himself / - in the mirror for
about an hour and then smiles at 6 myself / me /
J with his perfectly white teeth and goes out.

Complete the text with one word in each gap.
The number of letters needed is shown in
brackets.
(6 pOints)

Slaying Safe Online

Choose the correct alternative.

5
6

John and I keep in touch by exchanging
emails.
John and I send emails to each other.
Jim says that it is his fault that he is late.
Jim blames _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ -,-_
Kate and Sue argue a lot.
Kate and Sue argue with _ _ _ _ _ _ __
I hope we have a good time at the party.
I hope we enjoy _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ __
at the party.
Tom started working at 8 a.m. and he still
hasn't finished.
Tom has _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _
I met Paul seven years ago.
Ihave _______________.
What do you mean, what's wrong? Look in the
mirror.
What do you mean what's wrong?
Lookat:-_ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ ____
in the mirror.


£;

Complete the text with the correct forms of the verbs
in brackets.

(6 points)

COMMUNICATION

Technology has chan'ijed (change) so much
since I was a boy. My grandson 1_:--,..._ _,(have) got an incredible amount of multi-media
gadgets in his room. At the moment, he
2
(listen) to an iPod with songs
on it that he 3
(recently /
download) from the Internet. For the last three
hours, he '
(also / watch) a TV
progranune on his computer. It is a one hour
programme but he can pause it whenever he
likes, just like a video, even though it is live TV.
I5
(not understand) any of it. All
these remote controls lying around all over the
house. He 6
(try) to teach me
how to download a virtual garden tour all this
week but I don't think I'll ever be able to work
out how to do it.

7

LISTENING SKILLS
6

. . listen to a presentation of a new multi-media
machine by a company representative to the firm's
salespeople. Read sentences 1-8. Are the statements
true (T) or false (F)?
(8 points)
1 The people at the presentation have to
sit in certain seats.
2 The S3 is not on sale yet.
3 The Technoguard does things more
quickly than a computer.
4 The volunteer has to connect several
things to the machine.
5 The woman has got a camera which
can play music.
6 The machine asks questions to find out
exactly what you want it to do.
7 The man makes a cover for the DVD.
8 The volunteer isn't going to sell the
machine in November because he
doesn't like it.

D
D
D
D
D

Put the extracts (a-h) from the conversation into the
correct gaps (1-7). Remember to use capital letters at
the start of sentences.
points)

rr

a no way
b I agree with you up to a point
C so true
d can't agree with you there
e absolutely
f come off
g sorry but I have to disagree
A Computers are really important these days,
aren't they?
B That's 1
! You have to use a
computer for studying, most jobs ...
A 2
! So I think it would be a really
good idea to buy a new laptop, don't you?
B A new laptop? Oh no, I 3-:--:-_ __
Laptops are really expensive!
A Well, '
. I mean, they're certainly
not cheap but on the other hand it's really an
investment and our laptop is so old .
B6
it! We only bought it a few
months ago, it's practically new.
A New? I'm 6
• Technology moves
so fast these days, a few months is a long
time for a computer. For example, there are
lots of games I can't play on our laptop that I
could play on a new one.
B Ah! So you want to buy a new laptop just so
you can play more games? ' _ _ _ __
defirtitely no chance, no, no, no!

D
D
D

23


Outside the law?
GRAMMAR
Past Simple
We use the Past Simple to talk about things which started
and finished in the past:
• single events
The judge started her job in 1998.
• regular events
She worked in the court every day for ten years.
• past states I didn't understand the problem.
• telling stories
I went to the park and I saw a crowd of people.
With the Past Simple we use time expressions like
yesterday, yesterday morning/afternoon/evening, last night!
year/week/Saturday, when I was five/ten, ten years ago, in
September/2011:
Where were you yesterday?
She spoke to the police a week ago.

Past Continuous
We use the Past Continuous
• to describe things which were in progress at or around
a fixed time in the past:
At ID a.m. yesterday I was walking to the station.
• for longer activities interrupted by shorter ones in the
past:
I was jogging in the park when I saw a crowd of people.
• for temporary situations in the past:
We were staying with our cousins.
• to set the scene in a story or give background information:
I was walking along the road one evening ...

1

Choose the correct alternatives.

with friends when someone stole their car.
a had stayed
b stayed
c was staying
2 The police asked me where I __ the night
before.
a was sleeping
b had slept
c slept
3 When her brother was in prison, she __ him
every month.
a had visited
b visited
c was visiting
4 They __ in New York at the time.
a had lived
b were living
C had been living

Past Perfect
Affirmative/
negative

Past Participle

l!You/He/She/lt I-_
ha_d-,Cd....c)_ _-,
punished them.
We/They
had not (hadn't)
Yes/No and Wh- questions
Had he seen the accident? Yes, he had.
Had you talked to him before the accident? No, I hadn't.
Why had they lied to the police?
We use the Past Perfect to talk about what happened before
another event in the past. It is used with the Past Simple or
Continuous.
The roads were dangerous because it had snowed in the night
(It snowed, then the roads became dangerous.)
Everyone was driving slowly because they had seen the
accident
(They saw the accident and drove more carefully afterwards.)

Mind the trap!
• When we got to the court, the judge sentenced
the criminals.
(= We arrived at the court, then the judge
sentenced the criminals.)
• When we got to the court the judge had
sentenced the criminals.
(= We arrived at the court after the judge had
sentenced the criminals.)

5 __ you __ the suspect before you saw her
in court?
a Did ... meet
b Were ... meeting
cHad ... met
6 __ the police __ the men who stole the
money yesterday?
a Were ... arresting
b Did ... arrest
cHad ... arrested
7 I had an accident because I
at the road.
a wasn't looking
b hadn't looked
c didn't look
8 The jury __ a decision so the judge sent
them hothe.
a didn't make
b weren't making
c hadn't made


Outside the law?

2

Answer the questions with short answers.

4

Were you waiting for a b~ when you saw
them?
Yes, I was.
Had you eaten anything before the accident?
Yes, _ _ __
2 Did the thieves take your bike?

argue be (x2)
not close play

No, _ __ _
No, _ _ __

4 Did the boys have to go to court?
Yes, _ _ __
5 Had you seen the driver before?

No, _ _ __

3

climb go out have
receive relax

Last weekend the weather ' _ _ very hot
and while most people 2_ _ , the police
, _ _ very busy. People ' _ _ their windows
when they ' _ _ so thieves just 6_ _ in and
helped themselves. At parties, people
' _ _ their windows open while they 8_ _
loud music so there were a lot of complaints
from neighbours. Also, when it's hot, people
have more arguments. The police ' _ _ mo re
than twenty phone calls to homes where
families 10_ _

3 Was my dad complaining about the noise?

6 Were there lots of people running in the
street?
yes, _ __ _

Complete the report with the Past Simple or
Continuous forms of verbs from the box.

:;

Complete the article with the Past Simple or
Continuous forms of the verbs in brackets.

Join the sentences with the words in brackets. Use
the correct verb forms as necessary.
The prisoners ate breakfast. They went to the
exercise area. (after)
After they had eaten breakfast they went
to the exerci5e area.

The bell rang. They woke up. (when)
When _ _ _ _ __ __ _ _ _ ____
2 They committed serious crimes. They were in
prison. (because)
They _ _ _ __ __ _ _ _ _ _ __

My Five Year
Fight to Free
McGowan

3 They appeared in court. They were sent to
prison. (before)
They _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _

by James Blake,

4 The police arrested her. The shoplifter
confessed. (as soon as)
The shoplifter _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ __

journalist

I was workin", (work) as a court reporter when
I became interested in the McGowan case. At the
time. I '
(write) for the local
newspaper. Most of the court cases were boring
and I 2
(not enjoy) my job very
much. In fact, I 3
(think) about
leaving journalism to become a teacher. Anyway,
on this particular day. I '
(listen) to
the police evidence in the McGowan trial, and
I suddenly 5
(think). 'You're lying'.
The policeman 6
(read) from
notes but he '
(not have) the body
language of an honest person. At the end of the
trial, I 8
(be) amazed when the jury
_ __ __ (nnd) Mr McGowan guilty.
I wanted to shout. '10
you _ __
(listen)?' but I couldn't. Instead, I spent every spare
minute for the next nve years working to get
Mr McGowan out of prison.

5 She didn't tell the children. Their father went
to prison. (that)
She _ __ _ _ _ _ _ __ __ __
6 The judge didn't sentence the teenager. She
listened to the evidence. (until)
Thejudge _ _ _ _ _ _ __ __ ____

6

Find the errors with tenses in the text. There are six
errors.
I walked home one evening from a party when
it happened. When I had left the party the
weather was being fine but now the rain came
down hard and [ still had a few kIlometres to
go. [ was seeing a car parked on t he other side
of the street with its lights on and its engine
running, just as if it waited for me, so
[ was getting in and drove off ... Then [ saw the
policeman who was sitting in the back seat ...

25


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