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Bài luyện tập unit 11 english 11

Unit 11 English 11
I. Choose the words that has the underlined part pronounced differently from that of the
others.
1. a. exhaust
b. source
c. enormous
d. cause
2. a. sun
b. solar
c. safe
d. sure
3. a. heat
b. great
c. release
d. reach
4. a. geothermal
b. power
c. solar
d. hydro
5. a. polluted
b. consume

c. nuclear
d. fuel
II.
Choose the word or phrase - a, b, c or d that best completes the sentence or substitutes for the
underlined word or phrase.
6. The amount of solar energy that reaches the earth depends ______ the atmosphere.
a. to
b. in
c. on
d. with
7. The natural environment consists ______ all natural resources.
a. in
b. of
c. to
d. on
8. Solar energy can be changed ______ electricity.
a. in
b. to
c. into
d. for
9. Oil, coal and natural gas are ______ fuels made from decayed material from animal or plants.
a. unleaded
b. smokeless
c. solid
d. fossil
10. A nuclear reactor releases ______ which is dangerous to the environment.
a. radiation
b. heat
c. energy
d. carbon dioxide
11. We could make better ______ of our energy resources.
a. spend
b. use
c. need
d. limit
12. The government has spent £1 million on an advertising ______ to encourage energy conservation.
a. campaign
b. promotion
c. operation
d. enterprise


13. All fossil fuels are ______ resources that cannot be replaced after use.
a. unlimited
b. renewable
c. available d. non-renewable
14. Solar energy is not only plentiful and infinite but also clean and safe.
a. boundless
b. unlimited
c. uncountable
d. inflexible
15. Many newer cars have a much lower fuel ______.
a. consuming
b. consumer
c. consummation
d. consumption
A. Choose the word or phrase - a, b, c or d that best completes the sentence.
16. Nellie Ross of Wyoming was the first woman ______ governor in the United States.
a. who elected
b. to be elected c. was elected d. her election as
17. Pioneers, ______ in isolated areas of the United States, were almost totally self-sufficient.
a. who living
b. living
c. lived
d. that I lived
18. Completed in 1756, Nassau Hall is the oldest building now ______ on the campus of Princeton University. .
a. standing
b. it stands
c. has stood
d. stood
19. Jerome Kern's most famous work is Showboat, ______ , most enduring musical comedies.
a. it is one of the finest b. of the finest one c. the finest one d. one of the finest
20. ______ in large quantities in the Middle East, oil became known as black gold because of the large profit it
brought.
a. Discovering
b. which was discovered
c. Discovered
d. That when discovered
21. Neil Armstrong, ______ person to set foot on the moon, reported that the surface was fine and powdery.
a.
the first b. to be the first
c. was the first
d. as the first
22. The Massachusetts State House, ______ in 1798, was the most distinguished building in the United States at
that time.
a. completing
b. which was completed c. was completed
d. to be completed
23. Lady Astor was the first woman ______ her seat in Parliament.
a. take
b. to take
c. taking
d. who takes
24. Norman Weiner, ______ mathematician and logician, had an important role in the development of the
computer.
a. who as a
b. was a
c. whom a
d. a
25. War and Peace, ______, was published in 1869.


a. Leo Tolstoy's most celebrated novel b. that is Leo Tolstoy's most celebrated novel
c. which most celebrated novel of Leo Tolstoy
d. is a Leo Tolstoy's most celebrated novel
Choose word or phrase - a, b, c or d – that needs correcting.
26. Louisa May Alcott, she best known for her books for children, served as a nurse during the Civil War.
27. I went to a reunion for students educating in the physics department during the 1980s.
28. Natural resources provide the raw material are needed to produce finished goods.
29. In an essay writing in 1779, Judith Sargeant Murray promoted the cause of women's education.
30. It was suggested that Pedro studies the material more thoroughly before attempting to pass the exam.
Fill in each blank with one appropriate word from the box.
matter consuming filthy dangerous supply
available
reachs contain
conservation
safe renewable correct
Solar energy, air and water are, usually called (31) ______, resources because there is an unlimited (32)
______, of them. However, this definition may change if people are not careful with the (33) ______, of these
resources. The quality of solar energy that (34) ______ the earth depends on the atmosphere. If the atmosphere is
polluted, the solar energy reaching the earth may be (35) ______. If life is about to continue, the air must (36)
______ the appropriate amount of N, O2, CO2 and other gases. If humans continue to pollute the air, it will not
contain the (37) ______ amount of these gases. Water is also a (38) ______ to take into consideration. Industry is
making our water (39) ______. Therefore, resources must be conserved, the air and water must be protected. (40)
______ must play important part in life.
Read the passage carefully, then choose the correct answers.
The search for alternative sources of energy has led in various directions. Many communities are burning
garbage and other biological waste products to produce electricity- Converting waste products to gases or oil is
also an efficient way to dispose of wastes. Experimental work is being done to derive synthetic fuels from coal, oil
shale, and coal tars. But to date, that process has proven expensive. Other experiments are underway to harness
power with giant windmills. Geothermal power is also being tested. Some experts expect utility companies to
revive hydroelectric power derived from streams and rivers. Fifty years ago hydroelectric power provided one third
of the electricity used in the United States, but to day it supplies only 4 percent. The oceans are another potential
source of energy. Scientists are studying ways to convert the energy of ocean currents, tides, and waves to
electricity. Experiments are also underway to make use of temperature differences in ocean water to produce
energy.
41. What is the best title of the passage?
a. The Use of Water Products for Energy b. The Search for Alternative Sources of Energy
c. Efficient Ways of Disposing of Waste
d. New Discoveries in Geothermal Power
42. What provided one third of the electricity in the United States fifty years ago?
a. wind
b. waste products
c. water
d. oil
43. What could Rest replace the phrase 'geothermal power' in the passage?
a. heat from the earth
b. gases in the earth's atmosphere
c. steam that shot up out of the earth
d. water in the ocean, lake, or river
44. Which of the following is not mentioned in the passage as an alternative source of energy?
a. Burning of garbage
b. Geothermal power
c. Synthetic fuels d. Electricity.
45. According to the author, what is the impracticability of using coal, oil shale and coal tars' as sources of energy
due to?
a. They take a lot of time
b. They are expensive
c. They are non-renewable resources
d. They are scarce resources
46. What can be inferred from the paragraph?
a. All alternative production of energy will be derived from water.
b. Hydroelectric power will be the main source of energy.

c. Synthetic fuels will be the principal source of alternative energy.
d. Alternative energy will come from a variety of sources.


Complete the sentences with -ing, -ed, being + -ed or to-infinitive form of these verbs.

build drive educate elect flow travel introduce need
print say ten off
give
write
win appear
47.The man ______ the bus is my brother.
48.I went to a reunion for students ______ in the physics department during the 1980s.
49.As my aunt told me what she thought, I felt like a schoolboy ______ by his headmaster.
50.There is a sign on the gate ______ 'Entry forbidden'.
51.Emma Thompson is the most famous actress ______ on stage here,
52.Across the river were some of the deer ______ into the park in the 19th century.
53.Rivers ______ into Baltic Sea are much cleaner now than ten years ago.
54.New Zealand was the first country ______ women the vote.
55.The booklets ______ as we speak will be on sale later this afternoon,
56.Anyone ______ further information can see me in my office.
57.The guest on our show is the youngest golfer ______ the Open.
58.Mary O'Brien, the Democrat ______ to the council only last week, has resigned.
59.We live in a house ______ in 1906.
60.Any passengers ______ to Cambridge should sit in the first two carriages of the train.
61.Melanie was the only person ______ a letter of thanks.
Change the adjective clauses to adjective phrases.
62.We visited Madrid, which is the capital of Spain.
_____________________________________________________
63.Astronomy, which is the study of planets and stars, is one of the world's oldest sciences.
_____________________________________________________
64.Jasmine, which is a tiny plant with fragrant flowers, grows only in warm places.
_____________________________________________________
65.Arizona, which was once though to be a useless desert, is today a rapid growing industrial and
agricultural state._____________________________________________________
66.Simon Bolivar, who was a great. South American general, led the fight for independence early
in the 19th century._____________________________________________________
67.Few tourists ever see a jaguar, which is a spotted wild cat that is native to tropical America.
_____________________________________________________
68.Nero, who was Emperor of Rome from AD 54 to 68, is believed to have murdered both his
mother and his wife._____________________________________________________
69.In hot weather, many people enjoy lemonade, which is a drink that is made from lemon juice,
water, and sugar.
_____________________________________________________
70.My uncle Elias, who is a restaurant owner, often buy fish and shellfish from boats that are
docked at the local pier._____________________________________________________
71.Honolulu, which is best known to the travelers for Waikiki Beach, has consistently pleasant
weather.
_____________________________________________________
Choose the most suitable word to complete sentence.
71. My friend, Jack, (that, who, whose) parents live in Glasgow, invited me to spend Christmas in
Scotland.
72. Here’s the computer program (that, whom, whose) I told you about.


73. I don’t believe the story (that, who, whom) she told us.
74. Peter comes from Witney, (that, who, which) is near Oxford.
75. This is the gun with (that, whom, which) the murder was committed.
76. Is this the person ( who, which, whose) you asked me about.
77. Have you received the parcel (whom, whose, which) we sent you?
78. That’s the girl (that, who, whose) brother sits next to me.
79. The meal,(that, which, whose) wasn’t very tasty, was expensive.
80. We didn’t enjoy the play ( that, who, whose) we went to see.
81. She gives her children everything (that, what, who) they want.
82. Tell me (what, that, which) you want and I’ll have you.
83. The reason (why, that, what) I phoned him was to invite him to party.
84. I don’t like people (who, whom, whose) never stops talking.
85. The day (which, that, when) they arrived was Sunday.
86. Ann,(whose, who, whom) children are at school all day is trying to get a job.
. Combine these sentences using: That , which , who , whom or whose:
87. John is one of my closest friends. I have known him for a very long time.
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
88. A pacifist is a person. He believes that all wars are wrong.
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
89. What is the name of the man? You borrowed his car.
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
90. This watch costs a lot of money. I have lost the watch.
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
91. We were given a lot of information. Most of the information was useless.
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
92. Julia has two sisters. Both of her sisters are teacher.
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
93. I have sent her two letters. She has received neither of these letters.
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
94. Mary has three brothers. All of her brothers are married.
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
95. They asked me a lot of questions. I couldn't answer most of them.
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
96. Jill isn't on the phone. This makes it difficult to contact her.
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
97. Mr Carter is very interested in our plan. I spoke to him on the phone last night.
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
98. My computer is expensive. I bought it in Bac Giang in 2007.
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
99. The man is my father. I respect this man most.
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
100. The man is my father. I respect his opinion most.
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
101. The shirts are too big. My sister bought them for me.
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
102. Ho Chi Minh city is in the north of Vietnam. HCM city is the most populous city in the
country.……………………………………………………………………………………………….


103. My dictionary is not very good. Its cover is blue.
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
104. Linh Giang is my neighbor. We met her yesterday.
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
105 . Tuan has just won the second prize in the English contest. Tuan's uncle is a pilot.
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
106. He failed the exam. This made his parents disappointed.
……………………………………………………………………………………………….

1. My friend,Jack,(that, who, whose) parents live in Glasgow

II.
III.

Change the adjective clauses to adjective phrases.
Change the adjective clauses to adjective phrases.
72. We visited Madrid, which is the capital of Spain.
_____________________________________________________
73. Astronomy, which is the study of planets and stars, is one of the world's oldest sciences.
_____________________________________________________
74. Jasmine, which is a viny plant with fragrant flowers, grows only in warm places.
_____________________________________________________
75. Arizona, which was once though to be a useless desert, is today a rapid growing industrial and agricultural state.


_____________________________________________________
76. Simon Bolivar, who was a great. South American general, led the fight for independence early in the 19 th century.
_____________________________________________________
77. Few tourists ever see a jaguar, which is a spotted wild cat that is native to tropical America.
_____________________________________________________
78. Nero, who was Emperor of Rome from AD 54 to 68, is believed to have murdered both his mother and his wife.
_____________________________________________________
79. In hot weather, many people enjoy lemonate, which is a drink that is made from lemon juice, water, and sugar.
_____________________________________________________
80. My uncle Elias, who is a restaurant owner, often buy fish and shellfish from boats that are docked at the local pier.
_____________________________________________________
81. Honolulu, which is best known to the travelers for Waikiki Beach, has consistently pleasant weather.
_____________________________________________________

Hãy rút gọn các mệnh đề tính từ trong các câu sau đây(xem kỹ bài trên trứoc khi làm )
1) We had a river in which we could swim .
2) Here are some accounts that you must check.
3) The last student that was interviewed was Tom.
4) We visited Hanoi, which is the capital of VN.
5) My father, who is a pilot, often goes abroad.
6) I was the only one who realized him.
7) I have some homework which I must do tonight.
8) Our solar system is in a galaxy that is called the Milky Way.
9) I was awakened by the sound of a laughter which came from the room which was next to mine at the motel.
10) There are six reports which have to be typed today.

Bài TẬp VỀ MỆnh ĐỀ Quan HỆ
I/Choose the most suitable word to complete sentence.
1. My friend,Jack,(that, who, whose) parents live in Glasgow, invited me to spend Christmas in Scotland.
2. Here’s the computer program (that, whom, whose) I told you about.
3. I don’t believe the story (that, who, whom) she told us.
4. Peter comes from Witney,(that, who, which) is near Oxford.
5. This is the gun with (that, whom, which) the murder was committed.
6. Is this the person ( who, which, whose) you asked me about.
7. Have you received the parcel (whom, whose, which) we sent you?
8. That’s the girl (that, who, whose) brother sits next to me.
9. The meal,(that, which, whose) wasn’t very tasty, was expensive.
10. We didn’t enjoy the play ( that, who, whose) we went to see.
11. She gives her children everything (that, what, who) they want.
12. Tell me (what, that, which) you want and I’ll have you.
13.The reason (why, that, what) I phoned him was to invite him to party.
14. I don’t like people (who, whom, whose) never stops talking.
15. The day (which, that, when) they arrived was Sunday.
16. Ann,(whose, who, whom) children are at school all day is trying to get a job.
1. My friend,Jack,(that, who, whose) parents live in Glasgow, invited me to spend Christmas in Scotland.
2. Here’s the computer program (that, whom, whose) I told you about.
3. I don’t believe the story (that, who, whom) she told us.
4. Peter comes from Witney,(that, who, which) is near Oxford.
5. This is the gun with (that, whom, which) the murder was committed.
6. Is this the person ( who, which, whose) you asked me about.
7. Have you received the parcel (whom, whose, which) we sent you?


8. That’s the girl (that, who, whose) brother sits next to me.
9. The meal,(that, which, whose) wasn’t very tasty, was expensive.
10. We didn’t enjoy the play ( that, who, whose) we went to see.
11. She gives her children everything (that, what, who) they want.
12. Tell me (what, that, which) you want and I’ll have you.
13.The reason (why, that, what) I phoned him was to invite him to party.
14. I don’t like people (who, whom, whose) never stops talking.
15. The day (which, that, when) they arrived was Sunday.
16. Ann,(whose, who, whom) children are at school all day is trying to get a job.

UNIT 12 - THE ASIAN GAMES
I. Circle the

word that contain a different vowel sound in bold.
1. A. game
B. decade
C. place
D. advance
2. A. gymnastics
B. cycling
C. rugby
D. bodybuilding
3. A. special
B. compete
C. wrestling
D. tennis
4. A. receive
B. neighbor
C. weight
D. freight
5. A. rugby
B. culture
C. enthusiast
D. multi
6. A. football
B. shooting
C. took
D. good
7. A. host
B. gold
C. hope
D. bronze
8. A. silver
B. billiards
C. variety
D. official
9. A. great
B. scream
C. increase
D. freestyle
10.A. recruit
B. build
C. guilty
D. quick
II. Complete these sentences with one appropriate word.
1. The Asian Games take ……….every four years.
2. In this event, people from all over Asia ……together to compete in sports.
3. There were eleven countries …….part in the 1st Asian Games.
4. In the 14th Asian Games, the athletes …in 38 different sports and won 427 gold.
5. Lewis established a new world …….with a time of 9.86 seconds.
6. Ly Duc won a gold medal in …… in the 14th Asian Games.
7. The 1st Asian Games were ……..in New Delhi, India in 1951.
8. The 14th Asian Games attracted 9,919 …….from 44 countries.
9. Swimming and water skiing are both ……..sports.
10.Germany ………..the World Cup finals in 2006.


III. Match each of the following names of sports and games with the appropriate sports
report.
A. Diving
D. Motor Racing G. Cycling J. Football
B. Swimming E. Hockey
H. Boxing K. Table Tennis
C. Athletics F. Volleyball
I. Horse Racing
1. Johnny Law smashed the ball over the net. It hit the edge of the table and spun off a yard from
Paul Ray's bat. The score was 17 all!
2. Sevelano put his foot down and began to overtake the car in front. Two more laps and he would
be at the finishing line.
3. 'Penalty!' the referee shouted. Carlos Dominguez placed the ball carefully in front of the goal
mouth and walked slowly back. Then he suddenly turned, ran and kicked.
4. Newton College won most of the track events including the 100, 200 and 1,000 meters, but
Atlanta were clearly on top in the field events, winning both the long jump and the high jump.
5. Anna Eden scored a surprise victory in last night's competition when she beat Francesca
Morrotti. Both riders pedalled as fast as they could but on the last gap Anna's legs were
stronger and her front wheel was just in front of Francesca's at the finish.
6. Mighty Emperor was five lengths in front of Sporting Boy as they approached the finishing
post. The favorite, Wonderland, jumped badly at the last fence and almost threw the jockey.
7. Morti stood on the top board for several seconds. Then he jumped high in the air, his body
turning over and over before his head pointed downwards. He streched out his arms and
entered the water without splash!
8. Tamara Costache won both the women's 100 meters breaststroke and the women's 50 meters
freestyle at the Sunbury Pool in Tokyo on Saturday.
9. Joe Bullman caught Bill Wallace with a left hook to the jaw in the dosing seconds of Round 5.
Wallace's knees folded under him and next moment he lay flat out on the 'canvas. Joe was the
winner by a knock-out.
10.It was an excellent serve. Ted threw the ball high in the air, jumped up and hit the ball' with his
fist into the Aston court. It cleared the net by an inch or so. An Aston player tried to return it, hit
it with palm of his hand, but the ball crashed into the net.
11.There was a clash of sticks, and suddenly the ball was speeding across the Brinton goal.
Hinkley seized her opportunity at once. She caught the ball with her stick and a moment later
sent it crashing into goal.
IV. What do you say in these situations? Complete each sentence with a relative
clause.
1. Your friend lost some keys. You want to know if he has found them. You say:
Have you…………………………………………. ?
2. A friend is wearing a beautiful dress. You like it. You tell her:
I like…………………………………………………..
3. A friend is going to see a film. You want to know the name of the film. You say:
What's the name………………………………….
4. You wanted to visit a museum. It was shut when you got there. You tell a friend:
The museum………………………………
5. You invited some people to your party. Some of them couldn't come. You tell someone:
Some of the people…………………….
6. Your friend had to do some work. You want to know if she has finished. You say:


Have you……………………….
7. You hired a car. It broke down after a few miles. You tell a friend:
The car……………………….
8. You stayed at a hotel. Tom had recommended it to you. You tell a friend:
We stayed………………
V. Read the information and complete each sentence.
1. A friend of mine helped me to get a job. His father is the manager of a company.
A friend of mine……………………………
2. Mike gave half of the £50,000 he won to his parents.
Mike won £50,000,……………………………
3. London was once the largest city in the world, but the population is now falling.
The population…………………………..
4. A number of suggestions were made at the meeting, but most of them were not very practical.
Most of the…………………………….
5. It is a medieval palace. The king hid in its tower during the civil war.
It………………………………
6. I couldn't remember the number of my own car. This made the police suspicious.
I……………………………………
7. You sent me a present. Thank you very much for it.
Thank you………………………………..
8. Dr Andy Todd is head of Downlands Hospital. He has criticized government plans to cut health
funding.
Dr Andy Todd ............................ to cut health funding.
9. They are chosing the boys for the school's football team. All of them are under 9.
All of the boys ..................................are under 9.
10.I went to see my nephew Jimmy. I used to look after him when he was small.
I went………………………….
VI. Complete each of the sentences with who, whom, which, that, whose, where,
when, why, what, whoever, whatever, wherever, whenever, whichever.
1. He didn't believe I said annoyed me very much.
2. Two men, neither of I had seen before, came into the office.
3. He's got a job in a new firm, they don't work such long hours.
4. Have you got something will get ink out of a carpet?
5. He was respected by the people with he worked.
6. He didn't know the foreign language, made it difficult for him to get a job.
7. Micheal Croz, with help Whymper climbed the Matterhorn, was one of the first professional
guides.
8. This is a letter from my father, we hope will be out of hospital soon.
9. one of you broke the window will have to pay for it.
10.During the performance there were moments she found it difficult not to laugh.
11.I hope that left this rubbish here' is going to clear it away.
12.My neighbour is cooking there is a smell of burning.
13.I think the government should improve the health service, the cost.
14.The reason I didn’t write to you was that I didn’t know your address.
15.He said he was calling from Landsford Park, that it
VII. Put brackets around the underlined relative pronoun if it can be omitted from


these sentences.
1. We talked about the party which Sarah wants to organize for my birthday.
2. To get to Frank's house, take the main road that bypasses the village.
3. The paintings which, Mr Flowers has in his house are worth around £100,000.
4. Let's go through the main points that he made in his lecture.
5. He received a low mark for his essay, which was only one page long.
6. Mrs Richmond, who you met at the meeting yesterday, works in television.
7. Don is a friend who we stayed with in Australia.
8. In the shop window there's a sign that says 'Ten per cent off.
9. The couple who live next to us have sixteen grandchildren.
10.There was little that we could do to help her.

Test
Choose the best answer
1. Many rare ____ of animals are in danger of extinction.
A. species
B. classes
C. beings
D. pairs
2. People are destroying the environment by adding ____ to it.
A. pollutes
B. pollutions
C. polluters
D. pollutants
3. Many efforts have been made to protect ____ nature.
A. danger
B. dangerous
C. endanger
D. endangered
4. Many species of animals are threatened and could easily become ____.
A. disappeared
B. vanished
C. empty
D. extinct
5. Many animals are ____ for their fur and other valuable parts of their bodies.
A. hunted
B. chased
C. run after
D. followed
36. The chemical ____ from cars and factories make the air, water and soil dangerously dirty.
A. pollution
B. polluted
C. pollutants
D. pollute
37. Human beings are ____ for the changes in the environment.
A. account
B. faulty
C. blame
D. responsible
38. By cutting down trees, we ____ the natural habitat of birds and animals.
A. hurt
B. would
C. damage
D. injure


9. ____ aren’t effective anymore because insects have become resistant to them.
A. Fertilizer
B. Pesticides
C. Herbicides
D. Composts
11. Laws have been introduced to ____ hunting endangered animals.
A. encourage
B. decrease
C. discourage
D. ban
12. He is the singer about ____ I often tell you.
A. that
B. who
C. whom
D. him
13. The concert ____ I listened last weekend was boring.
A. to that
B. to which
C. about which
D. for which
14. I like the village ____ I used to live.
A. in that
B. in where
C. which
D. in which
15. I don’t know the reason ____ she hasn’t talked to me recently.
A. on which
B. for which
C. of which
D. about which
16. The little girl ____ I borrowed this pen has gone.
A. at whom
B. for whom
C. to whom
D. from whom
17. The speech ___ we listened last night was information.
A. to which
B. which to
C. to that
D. that
18. Non-renewable energy sources are running ____.
A. up
B. on
C. to
D. out
19. Coal and oil are non-renewable ____ sources.
A. engineer
B. energy
C. engineering
D. energetic
20. People on earth are ____ need of more nuclear energy.
A. on
B. at
C. in
D. for
21. ____ energy uses natural resources of energy such as the sun, wind, or water for power and fuel, rather than
oil, coal, or nuclear power.
A. Alternative
B. Solar
C. Hydropower
D. Electricity
22. All fossil fuels are ____ resources that cannot be replaced after use.
A. unlimited
B. renewable
C. available
D. non-renewable
23. Increased consumption will lead to faster ____ of our natural resources.
A. exhaust
B. exhausting
C. exhaustion
D. exhaustive
24. ____ heat comes from deep inside the earth.
A. Geothermal
B. Solar
C. Nuclear
D. Hydro
25. Have you ever met the man ____ over there?
A. stands
B. is standing
C. standing
D. who he is standing
26. The boy ____ the piano is my son.
A. who is playing
B. that is playing
C. playing
D. All are correct
27. We have apartment ____ the park.
A. overlooking
B. overlooks
C. to overlook
D. overlooked
28. He was the last person ____ in this way.
A. to kill
B. who killed
C. being killed
D. to be killed
WRITING
Complete the sentences, using a relative pronoun.
• Could you iron those trousers? They're hanging up behind the door.
.......................................................................................................................................................................................
• When I looked through the window I saw a girl. Her beauty took my breath away.
.......................................................................................................................................................................................
• That's the name. I couldn't remember it yesterday.
.......................................................................................................................................................................................
• The film is about a king. His ambition was to rule the world.
.......................................................................................................................................................................................
• That is the tunnel. I went through it.
.......................................................................................................................................................................................
• He's the criminal. The police are looking for him.
.......................................................................................................................................................................................
• My flat is in an old part of the city. It was built in the 1920s.


.......................................................................................................................................................................................
• There are lots of bars and restaurants in the neighborhood. I live in the neighborhood.
.......................................................................................................................................................................................
• The neighbor makes a lot of noise walking around. His flat is above mine.
.......................................................................................................................................................................................
• The traffic is also very noisy. It passes my flat.
.......................................................................................................................................................................................
Combine the two sentences by using a relative clause. Some of them need a comma.
• John didn't study for the exam. That was a very stupid thing to do.
.......................................................................................................................................................................................
• We flew to New York in the Concorde. It is the fastest passenger plane in the world.
.......................................................................................................................................................................................
• Smallpox has disappeared. It once killed thousand of people every year.
.......................................................................................................................................................................................
• I passed him a large glass of whisky. He drank it immediately.
.......................................................................................................................................................................................
• The small man was Lisa's husband. Nobody recognized him.
.......................................................................................................................................................................................
• This is Mr. Jones. He writes poetry.
.......................................................................................................................................................................................
• This is Felicity. You met her sister last week.
.......................................................................................................................................................................................
• He swam across the English Channel. It is hard to believe that.
.......................................................................................................................................................................................
• Her wife died last year. Her name was Angela.
.......................................................................................................................................................................................
• Borges was a wonderful writer. He never won the Nobel Prize.
.......................................................................................................................................................................................
Complete the sentences with whose, who, which, or where.
• Tom, _________sister is a teacher, is in my class.


The White House, _________ the US president lives, is in Washington.



My brother, _________ works in Warsaw, earns a lot of money.



Venice, is in Italy, _________ is a very old city.



The Ritz Hotel, _________ we stayed last year, is very expensive.



John Lennon, _________ was born in 1940, was a member of The Beatles.

• My car, _________ I bought last month, broke down again.
• Molly, _________ father is from Paris, speaks French very well.
Use reduced relative clauses in place of the relative clauses
• Students who arrive late will not be permitted to enter the classroom.
........................................................................................................................................................................................
• John, who was taken by surprise, hardly knew what to say.
........................................................................................................................................................................................
• The people who are waiting for the bus in the rain are getting wet.
........................................................................................................................................................................................
• We drove along the road that was still flooded after the heavy rain.
........................................................................................................................................................................................
• The scientists who are researching the causes of cancer are making progress
........................................................................................................................................................................................
• The wild ox which is kept at Nam Cat Tien National Park is of a special kind
........................................................................................................................................................................................
• The helicopter which was flying toward the lake made a low droning sound.


........................................................................................................................................................................................
• The winner of the marathon, who was breathing deeply and smiling at the crowd, raised her right hand and
waved.
........................................................................................................................................................................................
• Any student who does not want to go on the trip should inform the office.
........................................................................................................................................................................................
• Be sure to follow the instructions that are given at the top of the page.
........................................................................................................................................................................................
• Students who arrive late will not be permitted to enter the classroom.
........................................................................................................................................................................................
• John, who was taken by surprise, hardly knew what to say.
........................................................................................................................................................................................
• The people who are waiting for the bus in the rain are getting wet.
........................................................................................................................................................................................
• We drove along the road that was still flooded after the heavy rain.
........................................................................................................................................................................................
• The scientists who are researching the causes of cancer are making progress
........................................................................................................................................................................................
• The wild ox which is kept at Nam Cat Tien National Park is of a special kind
........................................................................................................................................................................................
• The helicopter which was flying toward the lake made a low droning sound.
........................................................................................................................................................................................
• The winner of the marathon, who was breathing deeply and smiling at the crowd, raised her right hand and
waved.
........................................................................................................................................................................................
• Any student who does not want to go on the trip should inform the office.
........................................................................................................................................................................................
Combine each pair of sentences into one sentence. Change the second sentence of the pair into a reduced
relative clause.
• Our solar system is in a galaxy. The galaxy is called the Milky Way.
........................................................................................................................................................................................
• I come from a city. This city is located in the southern part of the country.
........................................................................................................................................................................................
• Anyone must take an entrance examination. Anyone applies to that school.
........................................................................................................................................................................................
• The boy drew pictures of people at the airport. The people were waiting for their planes.
........................................................................................................................................................................................
• Sunlight wakes me up early in the morning. It comes through the window.
........................................................................................................................................................................................
• Only a few of the movies are suitable for the children. The movies are shown on Channel.
........................................................................................................................................................................................
• I was wakened by the sound of the laughter. It comes from the room next door to mine.
........................................................................................................................................................................................
• The students have become quite proficient in their new language. They attend class five hours per day.
........................................................................................................................................................................................
• Disney World is a famous amusement park. It is located in Orlando, Florida, USA, and covers a large area of
land.
........................................................................................................................................................................................
• Do you know the policeman? He is coming toward us.
........................................................................................................................................................................................
Change the adjective clauses to adjective phrases.
• It is important to be polite to people who live in the same building.





















In Venezuela, there are plants which eat insects with their roots.
The students who did not come to class yesterday explained their absence to the teacher.
My friend lives in a small village which is situated on the banks of Red River.
Did you get the message which concerned the special meeting?
Be sure to follow the instruction that are given at the top of the page.
The photographs which were published in the newspaper were extraordinary.
The psychologists who study the nature of sleep have made important discoveries.
The experiment which was conducted all the National University was successful.
The teacher whom I like most is Mrs. Lien.
The subject about which Dr. Gold spoke was interesting.
Nga knows the woman who is meeting us at the airport.
The book which is on the table belongs to the teacher.
I read about a man who keeps chickens in his apartment.
A barrel is a large container which is made of wood or metal.
Isaac Newton, who was a famous English scientist, discovered the theory of gravity.
The architect with whom we work is brilliant.
Nam was the third person who got mark 10 in maths.
Mr. Lee is the person who is in charge of the team work.

I have always wanted to visit Paris, that is the capital of France.
A
B
C
D
2. You’d better read those kind of books because they are fascinating.
A
B
C
D
3. Since Ted graduates, he has been working with his father
A
B
C
D
4. If Betty would have driven more carefully, she would not have had that accident.
A
B
C D
5. His family was happy when they heard of him winning the race
A
B
C
D
6.


Man probably could not live without the help of animals. The(1) ………..of animals in the
balance of nature ranks as their most important service to man.
Animals also server man by(2) …………him with many foods and other useful products.
Without animals, man(3) ……………have no meat, milk, eggs, or honey, or wool, fur, or silk.
For thousands of years, man has caused changes in the animal king-dom. He has tamed
many kinds of animals and used them for food and clothing. He has killed or driven(4)
……………animals that once attacked him or interfered with his use of land. Today, he tries to
protect many kinds of animals that are in(5) …………of drying out.
Like man, most plants depend on animals for many of their basic(6) …………. . Without
animals, many plants could not easily reproduce. For example, many plants with flowers
depend on bees and other insects to(7) ………….their pollen from plant. Many oak trees grow
from acorns that squirrels bury and then forget, or from acorns that deer step on and push(8)
………….into the soil. Birds often fly from one place to another with seeds(9) …………..to
thheir feet. The seeds may sprout a great(10) ……………from the parent plants.
1. A. role
B. activity
C. presence
D. existence
2. A. devoting
B. giving
C. supplying
D. presenting
3. A. will
B. would
C. can
D. could
4. A. along
B. off
C. with
D. away
5. A. danger
B. risk
C. threat
D. terms
6. A. demands
B. requirements C. necessities
D. needs
7. A. bring
B. carry
C. take
D. move
8. A. away
B. long
C. deep
D. far
9. A. clinging
B. tied
C. bound
D. fastenned
10. A. length
B. journey
C. way
D. distance
7. A man answeed the phone. I suppose it was her husband. It(not) …………her husband. He’s been dead for
ages.
8. On the first of next month, he(be) …………..in prison for five years.
9. If you(read) …………..the instructions carefully you could have answered all the questions of the exam last
week.
10. She says she doesn’t remember (promise)(to help) ……………..you.
11. I don’t think it is worth(spend) …………….money on it. It(be) …………there in the shop for ages.
12. When I was there two years ago, the building(build) ……………, I but now it(not, finish) ………….yet.
13. You will catch a cold if you don’t keep your feet dry.
14. We got lost because we didn’t have a map.
If we ………………………………………………………………………………………………………
15. The bridge was so low that the bus couldn’t go under it.
It was ……………………………………………………………………………………………………..
16. I last saw him when I was a student.
I haven’t ………………………………………………………………………………………………….
17. Handicapped people find shopping in supermarkets difficult.
It’s …………………………………………………………………………………………………………
18. I only realised what I had missed when they told me about it later.
Only when ………………………………………………………………………………………………..
19.

Very few peope in the modern world obtain their food supply by hunting and gathering in the
natural environment surrounding their homes. This method of harvesting from nature’s
provision is the oldest subsistence stratery, and has been practiced for at least two million years.


It was , indeed, the only way to obtain food until rudimentary farming and the domestication of
animals were introduced about 10,000 years ago.
Because hunter-gathers have fared poorly in comparison with their agricultural cousins,
their numbers have dwindled, and they have been forced to live in marginal environments such
as deserts forest or arctic wasteland. In higher latitudes, the shorter growing season has
restricted the availability of plant life. Such conditions have caused a greater independence on
hunting, and along the coasts and waterways, on fishing. The abundance of vegetation in the
lower latitudes of the tropics, on the other hand, has provuded a greater opportunity for
gathering a variety of plants. In short, the environmental differences have restricted the diet and
have limited possibilities for the development of subsistence societies. Comtemporary huntergathers may help us understand our prehistoric ancestors. We know from observation of
modern hunter-gathers in both Africa and Alaska thet society based on hunting and gathering
must be very mobile. While the entire community camps in a central location, a smaller party
harvests the food winthin a reasonable distance from the camp. When the food in the area is
exhausted, the community moves on to exploit another site. We also notice a seasonal
migration on pattern evolving for most hunter gathers, along with a restrict division of labor
between sexes. These patterns of behavior may be similar to those practiced by mankind dring
the Paleolithic Period.
1. With which of the following topics is the passage primarily concerned?
A. The Paleolithic period
B. Subsistence farming
C. Hunter-gatherers
D. Marginal environment
2. Which is the oldest subsistence strategy?
A. Migrating
B. Domesticating animals
C. Farming
D. Hunting and gathering
3. The Word “rudimentary” is closet in meaning to ……………. .
A. Rough
B. preliminary
C. ancient
D. backward
4. The phrase “in short” can be replaced by ……………….. .
A. In demand
B. in want
C. shortly
D. to cut a long story short
5. The word “abundance” is closet in meaning to ……………… .
A. plenty
B. amount
C. density
D. majority
6. The word “mobile” in the passage can be replaced by …………….. .
A. transportable B. carried
C. movable
D. portable
7. When was hunting and gathering introduced?
A. 1,000,000 years ago
B. 2,000,000 years ago
C. 10,000 years ago
D. 2,000 years ago
8. What conditions exits in the lower latitude?
A. Greater dependence on hunting
B. More coast and waterways for fishing
C. A shorter growing season
D. A large variety of plant life
9. How can we know more about the hunter-gathers of prehistoric time?
A. . By studying the remains of their camp sites B. By studying similar contemporary
societies
C. . By studying the prehistoric environment
D. By practicing hunting and gathering
10. Which of the following is not mentioned in the above passage?
A. More and more people in the modern time live on the food they gather in the natural
environment around their homes.


B. The more vegetable in the lower latitude in the tropics there is, the greater opportunity
for gathering plants there are
C. Because of the shorter growing season in higher latitude, the availability of plants is
limited.
D. The environmental differences result in restricted diet.
20. I / expect / you be surprise / get / letter / me.
21. As / can see / address above / I / be / hospital.
22. Last Wednesday / I have / accident / when I drive / work.
23. child / run out / front / my car / and I / have / stop / sudden / that / car behind / crash / me.
24. Luckily / I wear / seat belt / so I / not injure badly / although / have / stay / here / next
Friday.
25. It be / very boring / I be pleased / see if you / have / spare time.
26. Visiting hours / be / 7.00 to 9.00 / evening.
27. I hope / able / come.
28. Give / my regards / your family.
29. Look forward / see you / again.
20.1. I expect you’ll be surprised to get a letter from me.
21.1. As you can see from the address above I’m in hospital.
22.1. Last Wednesday I had an accident when I was driving to work.
23.1. A child ran out in front of my car, and I had to stop so suddenly that the car behind crashed
into me.
24.1. Luckily I was wearing a seatbelt so I wasn’t injured badly although I may have to stay here
until next Friday.
25.1. It’s very boring, and I would be pleased to see you if you have any spare time.
26.1. Visiting hours are 7.00 to 9.00 in the evening.
27.1. I hope you are able to come.
28.1. Give my regards to your family.
29.1. Look forward to seeing you again.



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