Tải bản đầy đủ

Đề cương ôn tập tuyển sinh cao học (hay)

TRƯỜNG ĐẠI HỌC NHA TRANG

ĐỀ CƯƠNG ÔN TẬP
TUYỂN SINH CAO HỌC

Môn Tiếng Anh
_____________________

I.NỘI DUNG BÀI THI
A. PHẦN ĐỌC HIỂU :
1. Phần điền từ cho từng câu: Kiểm tra khả năng đọc hiểu ở cấp độ câu. Để hoàn thành
phần này thí sinh cần phải nắm vững ngữ pháp và có vốn từ vựng.
2.Phần đọc hiểu đoạn văn: Kiểm tra khả năng đọc hiểu 1 đoạn văn theo các chủ đề: khoa
học cơ bản, môi trường, sức khoẻ, dân số thế giới, giáo dục.. . Ngoài ra, thí sinh phải viết câu
trả lời đúng nội dung và đúng ngữ pháp.
3. Phần điền từ cho một đoạn văn: Kiểm tra khả năng đọc hiểu 1 đoạn văn theo chủ đề về
xã hội.
B. PHẦN VIẾT:
1.Xây dựng câu: Kiểm tra khả năng viết 1 câu đơn hoặc 1 câu phức hợp.
2. Biến đổi câu: Kiểm tra khả năng viết 1 câu đơn hoặc 1 câu phức có câu trúc tương
đương với câu đã cho.

C. PHẦN DỊCH
1.Dịch từ Anh sang Việt theo các chủ đề :
Khoa học cơ bản, môi trường, sức khoẻ, dân số thế giới, công nghệ tiên tiến, giáo dục.
2. Dịch từ tiếng Việt sang tiếng Anh theo chủ đề :
- Tiếng Anh, cuộc sống hàng ngày, sức khỏe, giáo dục.
+ Thời gian làm bài thi: 120 phút.

II. THANG ĐIỂM
A. PHẦN ĐỌC HIỂU
I. Cho trước 25-30 từ hoặc cụm từ và cho sẵn 15 câu, mỗi
câu có 1 chỗ trống. Thí sinh chọn 1 từ hoặc 1 cụm từ
thích hợp cho ở trên điền vào chỗ trống để hoàn thành câu.
II. Cho 4 bài đọc có nội dung khác nhau. Sau mỗi bài có 5
câu hỏi. Tổng số 20 câu hỏi. Thí sinh đọc và trả lời câu
hỏi.
III. Cho một bài đọc hiểu khoảng 150- 200 từ, trong đó có

ĐIỂM
1 điểm cho 1
câu đúng

ĐIỂM TỔNG
15

1,5 diểm cho
một câu đúng

30

1điểm cho 1

10
1


10 ô trống, thí sinh tự tìm từ hoặc cụm từ thích hợp điền
vào ô trống để hoàn chỉnh bài đọc
B.PHẦN VIẾT
I. Xây dựng câu có hướng dẫn theo các từ cho trước. Tổng
số 10 câu.


II. Viết lại câu nhưng phải giữ nguyên ý chính của câu cho
sẵn.
III. a. Dịch 5 câu tiếng Anh sang tiếng Việt.
b. Dịch 5 câu tiếng Việt sang tiếng Anh
Tổng số điểm đạt được

câu đúng
1,5 điểm cho
1 câu đúng
1,5 điểm cho
1 câu đúng
1,5 điểm cho
1 câu đúng

15
15
15
100

III. TRỌNG TÂM NGỮ PHÁP
1. Verb tenses :
a. Present Simple, Prsent Continuous, Present Perfect, Present perfect Continuous.
b. Past Simple, Past Continuous, Past Perfect, Past perfect Continuous.
c. Going to future, Future Continuous, will Future, Future Perfect.
2. Passive voice
3. Modal verbs : can, could, must, may, shall, should, would, will, ought to .
Modal

Example

Uses

Can

They can control their own budgets.
We can’t fix it.
Can I smoke here?
Can you help me?

Ability / Possibility
Inability / Impossibility
Asking for permission
Request

Could

Could I borrow your dictionary?
Could you say it again more slowly?
We could try to fix it ourselves.
I think we could have another Gulf War.
He gave up his old job so he could work for us.

Asking for permission.
Request
Suggestion
Future possibility
Ability in the past

May

May I have another cup of coffee?
China may become a major economic power.

Asking for permission
Future possibility

Might

We'd better phone tomorrow, they might be eating
their dinner now.
They might give us a 10% discount.

Present possibility
Future possibility

Must

We must say good-bye now.
They mustn’t disrupt the work more than necessary.

Necessity / Obligation
Prohibition

Ought to

We ought to employ a professional writer.

Saying what’s right or
correct

Shall
(More
common in
the UK
than the
US)

Shall I help you with your luggage?
Shall we say 2.30 then?
Shall I do that or will you?

Offer
Suggestion
Asking what to do

Should

We should sort out this problem at once.
I think we should check everything again.
Profits should increase next year.

Saying what’s right or
correct
Recommending action
Uncertain prediction
2


Will

I can’t see any taxis so I’ll walk.
I'll do that for you if you like.
I’ll get back to you first thing on Monday.
Profits will increase next year.

Instant decisions
Offer
Promise
Certain prediction

Would

Would you mind if I brought a colleague with me?
Would you pass the salt please?
Would you mind waiting a moment?
"Would three o`clock suit you?" - "That’d be fine."
Would you like to play golf this Friday?
"Would you prefer tea or coffee?" - "I’d like tea
please."

Asking for permission
Request
Request
Making arrangements
Invitation
Preferences

4. Verb patterns
1. VERB + -ing

2. VERB + to +
infinitive
verb + -ing
afford
admit
agree
adore
allow (passive)
allow
appear
avoid
arrange
can´t stand
ask
carry on
attempt
consider
choose
deny
dare
delay
decide
(don´t) mind
expect
enjoy
fail
fancy
forget
finish
help
give up
hope
imagine
learn
involve
manage
keep
offer
keep on
plan
postpone
pretend
practise
promise
put off
refuse
recommend
seem
risk
tend
suggest.
threaten
eg.
want
He avoided writing the test. would like to
Keep smiling!
eg.
Did you enjoy reading the
I can´t afford to go on
book?
holiday.
He denied stealing the purse. She´s decided to give
I don´t mind helping you.
up her job.
He doesn´t allow smoking in It seems to be a nice
his house.
day.
He recommended staying in He agreed to lend me

3. VERB + object + to +inf.
advise
allow
ask
beg
encourage
expect
force
invite
order
permit
persuade
recommend
remind
teach
tell
want
warn
would like
eg.
They invited us to stay in their
house.
She told me to come on time.
They asked us not to make such a
noise.

3


that
hotel.
4. VERB + -ing / to inf.
- no change in meaning
begin
continue
intend
start
eg. It started to rain /
raining.

some money.
You are not allowed to
smoke here.
5. VERB + object +
inf.
- no TO in this structure
help
let
make
Let me show you.
The news made her

6. VERB + -ing / to + inf.
-change in the meaning
REMEMBER
doing sth.
- when you did something
and now you remember it;
after you did sth.
Eg. I don´t know how the
burglar got in. I clearly
remember locking the door
and shutting the windows.
to do sth
- you remembered that you
had to do sth, so you did
it; before you did it
eg. I remembered to lock the
door but I forgot to shut the
windows.
TRY
doing sth.
- try something to see if it
works or solves the
problem
eg. – I´ve got a terrible
headache.
- Why don´t you try taking an
aspirin?
to do sth.
- attempt to do, make an
effort to do sth.
Eg. I tried to keep my open
but I couldn´t.
STOP
doing sth.
- to give up, finish with sth
completely
eg. I stopped smoking two
years ago. (I don´t do it
anymore)
to do sth.
- stop doing what you are
doing at the moment in
order to do sth else
eg. I was reading a book. The
phone started to ring. I
stopped to answer it.
NEED
doing sth.
4


- sth. needs to be done
about sth else (the
meaning is passive_
eg. Look at this room. It
needs painting.
to do sth
- it is necessary for me to do
it
eg. He put on weight. He
needs to take more exercise.
I need to do the shopping
today.
REGRET
doing sth.
- I did sth and now I am
sorry about it.
Eg. I now regret saying what
I said.
to do sth.
- regret to say/tell/inform
you = I´m sorry I have to
say…
eg. I regret to tell you that
you have failed the test.
MEAN
doing sth.
- an impersonal subject,
refers to what is involved
eg. If we catch an early train,
it will mean getting up at
6.00.
to do sth
- to intend
eg. Sorry, I meant to tell you
about the party.
GO ON
doing sth.
- to continue doing the same
thing
eg. The minister paused for a
moment and then went on
talking about the education
5.Complex sentenses :
a. Relative clauses
b. Noun clauses
c. Time clauses
d. Conditionals
6. Some other structures:
+ Get / have something done
5


+ Be / get used to
+ too, very, enough , so, such
+ Have to verb.

IV. BÀI TẬP THỰC HÀNH
PART I: READING COMPREHENSION
TEST 1
1. Choose ONE of the words or phrases given in the box to fill in the blank of each of the
following sentences
anywhere
as soon as
because
did
do
1.
2.

find
frightened
how
how many
how much

like
look up
models
nowhere
produce

scientists
shake
since
so
which

are emergency calls? Call us free on 150.
city do you think is Europe’s “fashion capital” today – Milan,
Paris or another?

3.
4.

in many fields are studying way to increase food production.
we finish eating she takes the plates and glasses to wash them
up.

5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.

you mind if I smoke? Well, I’d rather you didn’t.
Excuse me. Can you tell me
to get to the Art Gallery, please?
Factories and vehicles
waste which goes into the air and rivers.
Fashion has become a big business and the top
have made large
fortunes.
I can’t find him
now.
I don’t remember much about him. I don’t know what he looks
.
People
hands when they meet for the first time and when they
meet after a long time.
She needed to relax
she went on holiday.
We don’t understand this word! Let’s
the word in the dictionary.
When I saw a thief in the living room I was really
.
You missed the beginning of the film
you were late.

2. Read the passage and answer the questions below it
The ancient Greeks were lucky, it seems. The diet of olive oil, garlic, fish, vegetables and
bread was very healthy. They ate very little meat, fat, or sugar. The experts today tell us to eat
less meat and more vegetables, fruit, fish, pasta, bread, and potatoes. Chicken is healthier than
6


beef because it has less fat. Garlic, the basis of French aioli, Spanish gambas al ajillo, Italian
bruchetta and Greek tzatziki, also has a good effect on the heart, as well as other benefits,
which is perhaps why the ancient Greeks ate so much of it. So, if you love your heart, add a
little more garlic to your diet!
16.
What did the diet of the ancient Greeks mainly include?
17.
Does beef have more fat than chicken?
18.
Which countries do these foods: Aioli and tzatziki come from?
19.
What do they all have in common?
20.
According to the passage, what should we eat more often in order to reduce the risk of
heart attack?
3. Read the passage and answer the questions below it
A key word in the modern American vocabulary is “stress”. Stress is the feeling of anxiety
and exhaustion that comes from the pressures of modern living. Stress is such a common
problem today that many people are turning to one of its most common cures: physical
exercise. People of all ages and types are exercising: jogging, weight lifting, swimming, and
even just plain walking! Is this just a fad, or will it last?
21.
How do people feel when they are stressed?
22.
What is the cause of stress?
23.
How can people avoid stress?
24.
What words in the passage mean something that removes a problem?
25.
What words in the passage mean fashion that is not likely to last?
4. Read the passage and answer the questions below it
As in other countries, there are a number of different regional accents in the United Kingdom.
Apart from Scottish, Welsh and Irish accents, the north, east, west and southwest of England,
as well as the Midlands and London, all have their distinctive accents. At the same time there
is an accent which belongs to no particular region. This accent is called the Standard English
accent, and is the accent usually taught to foreigners. Northerners call it the “southern accent”
– with some scorn.
26.
According to the passage, what do other countries and the United Kingdom have in
commmon?
27.
Name some popular accents that belong to different regions in the United Kingdom?
28.
Which region in the United Kingdom does the Scottish accent belong to?
29.
What does “it” in “Northerners call it the “southern accent” refer to?
30.
Which phrases used in the passage has the same meaning as “many”?
5. Read the passage and answer the questions below it
There are 7,000 periodicals published in the United Kingdom. Of these, women’s magazines
have the largest circulations: Woman (1,300,000) and Woman’s Own (1,200,000). There are
magazines and periodicals for almost every trade, profession, sport, hobby or interest. The
most important periodicals for the more serious readers are: The Economist, which comments
7


on events of international, political or economic interest; The Spectator, a journal with
conservative views, which publishes articles on many different subjects, including politics;
New Society, which has articles on social matters; New Scientist, which reports on scientific
matters in language that non-specialists can understand; Punch, a long-established humorous
magazine which also has serious articles.
31.
What are Woman and Woman’s Own?
32.
What word in the passage means the average number of magazines/periodicals sold
each day, month, or year?
33.
If you are interested in science, which periodical(s) will you read?
34.
Can you find a serious article in Punch?
35.
Fill in the blank with one suitable word from the passage. New scientist is suitable for
both kinds of readers – specialist and
6. Read the passage and fill each numbered space with ONE suitable word
Manual Rodrigues, 24, a steward on the new Eurostar trains, one (36)
the first people to travel through the Channel Tunnel. Now the three-hour journey
from London (37)
Paris is all a day’s work for him. He says, “I have to
know both cities really well. I have found some lovely restaurants!”
Eurostar stewards have to be (38)
20 and 35 and physically fit. The
company trains all new stewards, so they don’t have to have experience in this kind of (39)
, but they have to have (40)
lovely
personality. You don’t have to have any qualifications, but you have to (41)
fluent English and French to communicate with the passengers. Manuel has to
wear uniform. The company pays for his meals (42)
he stays
abroad, so he doesn’t hve to worry about restaurant bills. “We (43)
in
Paris at about 11.00 a.m. Sometimes we have to come back on the next train, (44)
when we don’t have to return until the next day, (45)
can go shopping or sightseeing.
TEST 2
PART 1: READING COMPREHENSION
1. Choose ONE of the words or phrases given in the box to fill in the blank of each of the
following sentences
appearing
at least
come from
did she
domesticated

fined
for
how
I did ask
isn’t

Japan
Japan’s
like
major impact
not

1. All birds have wings, but wings are not
2. Are you better off than you

peculiar
right
senses
sounds
sustained

the way
used
way
what
with

to birds.
to be?
8


3. Birds have two basic types of
: songs and calls.
4. Computer technology has had a
on how people carry out their jobs.
5. Even after six years of
economic growth, Americans worry about that
question.
6. I believe that women should have the
to serve in the military.
7. I have no idea what the weather is
in that city.
8. Motorists can be
for driving recklessly.
9. No one know when the dog was first
10. Only once
ask for help.
11. People attend college or universities
many different reasons.
12. Religion is very important in Saudi Arabia, but it
in Japan.
13. Saudi Arabian society is very different from
14. Sociologists study society and
it is organized.
15. The sea has been rising relative to the land for
100 years.
2. Read the passage and answer the questions below it
The Nation’s security Bank in downtown San Antonio was robbed last night. A safe was
blown open and around US$ 800,000 was stolen. The robbery took place between midnight
and 1:00 a.m. The police are looking for two men who were seen getting into a black car near
the bank at about 1 o’clock last night. They also want to hear from Mr. Joe Newman, 52, who
worked as a security guard at the bank. Mr. Newman disappeared just before the robbery and
he has not been seen since then.
16.
How much money was stolen?
17.
When did the robbery occur?
18.
Why are the two men being looked for by the police?
19.
What was Newman’s job?
20.
When did he disappear?
3. Read the passage and answer the questions below it
The Third world cities are overcrowded. But city workers earn two to ten times as much as
people in the country. So, thousands of more people arrive every year. The governments must
provide electricity, water, schools, health services, and land for house. But poor countries do
not have the money to do it. As cities grow larger the problems increase. However, some
social scientists believe the problems are not hopeless. People move to cities because they
want to change and improve their lives. When they can find jobs they work hard. They build
nice houses when they have money and send their childen to school. These hardworking
people help build a better society for the whole country.
21.
Do people in the city earn better than in the country?
22.
Why do people move to cities?
9


23.
24.
25.

Who has to provide health service for these people?
What do they do when they have money?
Are these hardworking people helpful to the country?

4. Read the passage and answer the questions below it
One of the greatest achievements of modern high technology is the invention of the steam
engine. Machinery is closely linked with our lives .It can do extremely complicated tasks for
man. It can work quickly and accurately; and so it can save time for us and free man from
hard work. Owing to this, production on large scales can be achieved. However, machinery
needs to be controlled by people – intelligent and modern – in the era of machinery
26.
What is considered a great invention?
27.
What does the word it refer to?
28.
How can machinery save time for us?
29.
What does the author say about people?
30.
What types of work are mentioned?
5. Read the passage and answer the questions below it
Scientists in many fields are studying ways to increase food production. Even with new
technology and use of all fertile land, food production from both land and sea can only be
doubled. There are several reasons. There is a limited amount of fertile land. The population is
increasing, and the distribution of food supply is poor.
Besides the limited amount of fertile land, there will be a great increase in the need for food
and agricultural products. In 1980, the population of the world was about four billion. In 2000
the figure was over six billion and in the next twenty years, the world’s population will be
about eight billion.
31.
What are scientists in many fields studying?
32.
How many reasons of limited food production are mentioned?
33.
If we make maximum use of both land and sea can we triple food production?
34.
What is discussed in the second paragraph?
35.
Was the passage written before 2000?
6. Read the passage and fill each numbered space with ONE suitable word
In some countries as many as nice (36)
of ten adults read at least one
newspaper a day. Why do so many people (37)
newspapers?
There are five basic functions of a newspaper: to inform, to comment, to persuade, to instruct
(38)
to entertain. Of the two major categories of newspapers, the popular
newspaper and the quality newspaper, the (39)
has millions of readers
while the latter, only hundreds of thousands. Yet the popular papers seem largely designed
(40)
entertainment. Their new coverage contains a lot of comment. The
quality newspapers put a much higher value on factual information (41)
on
entertainment. It is not only in content that the two types of papers differ, (42)
10


also in the style in which the articles are written. The popular papers generally use
more dramatic language with bigger headlines and more photographs. Their journalists tend to
use shorter sentences and avoid less well-known vocabulary. Since the popular newspapers
(43)
a large readership than the more neutral quality newspapers, it may be
fair to conclude (44)
the average readers not only want to be entertained (45)
a newspaper, but also prefer their reading to be guided and opinions
given to them.
TEST 3
1. Choose ONE of the words or phrases given in the box to fill in the blank of each of the
following sentences
able
afford
apologize
awarded
called
1.
2.
3.
now.
4.
5.
6.
run.
7.
the

gains
guilty
held up
herself
in

including
involving
like
look
mind

on
pity
pointing
see
seeing

supposing
surprising
take after
them
to

you were in that situation, what would you do?
After the campaign a special medal was
to all.
Amy’s parents didn’t leave her any money. So she has to support
Do you object
my sitting here?
I must take this watch to be repaired, it
I think your suggestion is probably the best one
If you walk along this lane you will see the signpost

twenty minutes a day.
the long
to

beach.
8.
Our flight was
by bad weather.
9.
She didn’t
doing the ironing, as she hadn’t wanted to go out
anyway.
10.
The car was so expensive that I couldn’t
it.
11.
The child was told to
for being rude to his father.
12.
The judge found him
of stealing and sent him to prison.
13.
The main road through Salisbury was blocked for two hours today after an accident
several vehicles.
14.
What a
you didn’t win the game.
15.
When will you see John? – I’m looking forwards to
him next
summer.
2. Read the passage and answer the questions below it
Uri Geller was born in 1946. When he was only three, he was aware that he had an amazing
ability. In 1969 he gave his first public performance in a school. He gently rubbed a spoon
11


with his fingers and it began to bend. Three years later he drove a car blindfolded through the
crowded streets of Munich. Later Uri Geller appeared on television in Britain in front of a
small studio audience of scientists. He bent spoons and broke metal objects simply by
touching them gently with his fingers. He also drew pictures of hidden objects. After the
program, however, there were hundreds of telephones calls. People reported that spoons in
their homes bent during the program. Metal objects broke, and watches which had stopped
many years before suddenly started to go again.
16.
In what year did Geller discover his special ability?
17.
Where did he give his first performance?
18.
What did he do in Britain’s TV?
19.
Did he drive a car without looking?
20.
What happened to watches which had stopped many years before?
3. Read the passage and answer the questions below it
Buddhism comes from the word Buddha. Buddha is a person. He lived more than 2500 years
ago in India. His father was King. He lived in a beautiful palace with many servants. One day
as he went out of his house, he saw many unhappy people. He looked at them and asked
himself these questions: “Why are people so unhappy? How can people be happy?” When he
was 29 years old, he left his family, his beautiful wife and son and went out into the world to
find the answers. He tried many ways. He studied with teachers but they could not answer his
questions. He went to live in the forest. He hurt his body. He did not eat anything for many
days. He tried to get away from his body. But this did not give him the answers to his
questions. Then he set down under a tree and thought. He sat for 49 days. After this time, he
learned something from himself. He became the Buddha. His questions were answered.
People were unhappy because they want things. They are looking for food, money and other
things. When a man does not want things, then he will be happy. When a man does not want
things, he will be free. He does not think about himself. He does not think about tomorrow.
He is kind to others.
21.
Was Buddha a prince?
22.
When did he leave home?
23.
How long did he sit beneath the tree?
24.
According to Buddha, why were people unhappy?
25.
When will people be free?
4. Read the passage and answer the questions below it
Man is only just beginning to realize how much he must look to the sea. It can be important
source of food for millions of people in the world. When we know how much and in what
way the oceans influence the weather, we can plan the growing of crops and even work out
the best time to take our holidays. But when we get to the bottom of the sea we find things
that no one dreamed existed recently. Lands which were covered with water when the ice
melted at the end of the Ice Age are rich in minerals. Off the South African coasts, for
example, in a place where there are five times the number of diamonds as in the mines on the
12


land. Oil is brought from the bottom of the Caspian Sea. Sand with gold in it has been found
off Thailand and Indonesia. But if man wants to continue gathering riches from the sea, he is
going to have to look after it.
26.
How can the sea become important to people in the world?
27.
What are the result of knowing how much and in what way the ocean influence the
weather?
28.
What do we find when you get to the bottom of the sea?
29.
What has been found off the South African coasts?
30.
What is man going to do if he wants to continue gathering riches from the sea?
5. Read the passage and answer the questions below it
For many years people believe that the cleverest animals after man were chimpanzees. Now,
however, there is proof that dolphins may be even cleverer than these big apes. Although a
dolphin lives in the sea it is not a fish. It is a mammal. It is, in many ways, like human being.
Dolphins have simple language. They are able to talk to one another. It may be possible for
man to learn how to talk to dolphins. But this will not be easy because dolphin cannot hear the
kind of sounds man can make. If man wants to talk to dolphins, therefore, he will have to
make a third language which both he and the dolphin can understand. Dolphins are also very
friendly towards man. They often follow ships. There are many stories of dolphin guiding
ships through difficult and dangerous waters.
31.
Which animal do people think may be the cleverest?
32.
What other beings are dolphins like in many ways?
33.
What have scientists discovered about dolphins?
34.
Why is a third language necessary if man wants to talk to dolphins?
35.
Are dolphins friends to man?
6. Read the passage and fill each numbered space with ONE suitable word
People are not so honest (36)
they once were. The temptation to steal is
greater (37)
ever before especially in large shops. A detective recently
watched a well-dressed woman (38)
always went into a large store on
Monday mornings. One Monday, there were fewer people in the shop (39)
usual when the woman came in, so it (40)
easier for the detective to watch
her. The woman first bought a few small articles. After a little time, she chose one of the most
expensive dresses in the shop and handed it (41)
an assistant (42)
wrapped it up for her as quickly as (43)
. Then the woman
simply took the parcel and walked out of the shop (44)
paying. When she
was arrested, the detective found out that the shop assistant was her daughter. The girl “gave”
her mother a (45)
dress once a week!

TEST 4
13


1. Choose ONE of the words or phrases given in the box to fill in the blank of each of the
following sentences
blow
business
cheap
dangerous
decisions

destructive
encouraged
high
imagination
intelligent

knock
low
mistakes
pressures
productive

rude
sorrows
strong
supposed
terrible

thought
tiny
unproductive
value
weak

1.
Crying was
and only for women.
2.
Desert soil is
without water.
3.
Heart disease is related to the
of a modern society.
4.
In the United State, until lately, men were not to
cry.
5.
People cry when something
happens.
6.
People in developing countries put a
value in education. They
think it is very important.
7.
Several kinds of fish may have commercial
also.
8.
Some children are very
. They break all their toys.
9.
Some people are very
because different countries are working
together peacefully in Antarctica.
10.
Something that is polite in one country may seem
in another.
11.
Teachers encourage beginning English students to talk even though they make
.
12.
The icy cold water of the Antarctic Ocean contains
plants that which are eaten
by very small animals.
13.
War brings
and destruction to the countries that are fighting.
14.
Wind could
over the oil well equipment.
15.
You’re your
: Describe what life will be like in a hundreds
years.
2. Read the passage and answer the questions below it
Rabindranath Tagore lived in India many years ago. He was a famous Indian. He wrote many
poems, stories and songs. He wrote them in his language, Bangali and in English. Today we
find his literature in other languages, too. People like to read his books because they are good.
Tagore was born in 1861 in Calcutta. His family was rich. When he was still very young he
was already interested in reading, writing and in music. He wrote his first book of poems
when he was only 17. He also liked to watch things around him: the trees, the birds, the
flowers, the grass and so on. All these things were beautiful for him. When he was old enough
to go to school, his father sent him to a school in his own town. But he did not like his school.
He did not like his lessons. He did not like his teacher’s way of teaching. So after some time
he left his school. His father found him a teacher. He then learned at home. A few years later,

14


his father sent him to England. He wanted Tagore to study law. But Tagore did not want to. So
he came back to India before he finished his study.
16.
What was Tagore’s home town?
17.
In which languages did he write?
18.
What did he like when he was young?
19. Why did his father sent him abroad?
20.
Why did he come home before finishing his study?
3. Read the passage and answer the questions below it
Three people jumped out of a car on a busy Oxford road after a fire started under the bonnet
this morning. They were just trying to rescue their possessions before the car burst into
flames. Mr. Collins, 25 of West Road, Berinsfields was driving his Avenger estate car home
from work with two friends when he noticed smoke coming into the car. He stopped, but was
unable to open the bonnet. He poured a bottle of water over the radiator where the smoke was
coming from, but could not put out the flames. He then ran to get fire extinguishers from a
nearby garage, but those also failed to have any effect. Finally, he telephoned for a fire engine
but by the time it arrived the car was totally burned out.
21.
Where did the fire occur?
22.
How many people were there in the car?
23.
What did Mr. Collins do to stop the fire?
24.
What did he ran to the garage for?
25.
Did the fire extinguishers work?
4. Read the passage and answer the questions below it
Throughout history gold has been important in human society. Men have killed for it. People
have suffered great hardships searching for it. They have gone to the distant corners of the
earth hoping to find a great fortune. A kind of madness seized people when they think about
gold.
For centuries, starting in ancient times, gold was most commonly found mixed with sand in
streams. This is one reason why even early humans used it. They could find it without using
tools to dig it out of the ground. It was also valuable to them because it is very soft. It is one
of the softest metals and also one of the heaviest. It is easy to work into jewellery and other
decorations. It is beautiful and lasts forever. Gold leaf, a thin sheet of gold, can be made so
thin that light shine through it. Remains of ancient gold mines have been found in Egypt.
These are the earliest mines anyone has found so far. After the discovery of America, most of
the world’s gold was produced there. Now South Africa leads the world in gold production.
26.
What have people done when they think about gold?
27.
How could early humans find gold?
28.
Why was gold valuable to early humans?
29.
Where was gold produced?
30.
Which country produces the most gold of the world today?
5. Read the passage and answer the questions below it
15


The Third world cities are overcrowded. But city workers earn two ten times as much as
people in the country. So, thousands of more people arrive every year. The governments must
provide electricity, water, schools, health services, and land for house. But poor countries do
not have the money to do it. As cities grow larger the problems increase. However, some
social scientists believe the problems are not hopeless. People move to cities because they
want to change and improve their lives. When they can find jobs, they work hard. They build
nice houses when they have money and sent their children to school. These hardworking
people help build a better society for the whole country.
31.
Why are third world cities overcrowded?
32.
What must the governments do to help people?
33.
What happens when cities go large?
34.
Are some social scientists optimistic about the solution to these problems?
35.
What can the hard-working people help do?
6. Read the passage and fill each numbered space with ONE suitable word
In 1945 leaders from 51 countries met (36)
San Francisco and organized the
United Nations (UN). World War II had just ended. Millions (37)
people
had died and there (38)
destruction everywhere. People hoped they
could build a future of world peace through this new organization. Obviously, the United
Nations has (39)
been completely successful (40)
its
goals. There have been several wars (41)
1945. However, the organization
has helped bring peace to those countries (42)
were at war. It has helped
people who left their countries (43)
of war. It has helped bring independence
to colonies.
The United Nations has grown (44)
an organization of 51 countries in 1945
to 191 nations in 2004. Today, almost every country in the world is a (45)
of
the UN.
TEST 5
1. Choose ONE of the words or phrases given in the box to fill in the blank of each of the
following sentences
cast
chair
chanted
discovered
fair
flour
1.
2.
3.
4.

fundamental
grounded
had been told
had told
in
industrial

is
leaves
make up
of cycling
on
pitched

policy
related
relatives
slaves
to cycle
tropical

voyages
was
wild
will miss
woke
youth

“I wish you
about our plan earlier,” said Mary.
Accuracy is
to the skill of typewriting.
German and Canada are
countries. They have a lot of
factories.
I spent my vacation with my parents and other
.
16


5.
Income tax rates are usually
to one’s annual income.
6.
It has always been the
of this company to promote
existing
products.
7.
It isn’t
to give the girl two presents and her brother only one.
8.
Lions and tigers are
animals.
9.
Many countries bought
from Africa before the 20th century.
10.
Mr. Johnson has been asked to
the next meeting of the
club.
11.
People grind wheat to make
ten they make bread.
12.
Sugar, bananas, and pineapples are
plants.
13.
They all got off and waited until John
ready.
14.
They talked about the route through France and the date they would go and finally
decides
June 22nd.
15.
We thought
across France. All three of us.
2. Read the passage and answer the questions below it
The Nobel prizes, awarded for distinguished works in chemistry, physics, physiology or
medicine, literature and international peace, were made available by a fund given for that
purpose by Swedish philanthropist, Alfred Bernhard Nobel. The prizes, awarded since 1901,
are administered by the Nobel Foundation in Stockholm. In 1969, a prize for economics
endowed by the Central Bank of Sweden was added. Candidate for prizes must by nominated
in writing by a qualified authority in the field of competition. Candidates are judged by
Swedish and Norwegian academies and institutes on the basic of their contribution to
mankind. The awards are usually presented in Stockholm on December 10 th, with the King of
Sweden officiating, an appropriate tribute to Alfred Nobel on the anniversary of his death.
Each prize includes a gold medal, a diploma and a cash award of about one million dollars.
16.
What does this passage mainly discuss?
17.
How often are the Nobel prizes awarded?
18.
How much is a Nobel cash award?
19.
In what country are the Nobel awards given?
20.
When were the first Nobel prizes awarded?
3. Read the passage and answer the questions below it
In 1911 a penniless young music-hall artist left England for America. His future was
uncertain, but he did not believe it could be unhappier than his past. He had grown up in the
slums of London’s East End and had experienced great poverty. His mother’s life had been so
hard that she had finally gone mad, and his father had died of drinking. Both parents had been
on the stage and lived in the hope that they would one day be stars. Their son was determined
to succeed where they had failed. By 1914 his optimism and determination had been justified.
17


Charles Chaplin was the most talked-about man in America, the King of silent movies. He
was not only admired as a first-class actor and comedian, he was also making his name as a
director. How did he reach the top of the film world in such a short time? He was not an
instant success. His attempts to copy other slapstick comedians who were popular at that time
were a failure. However he gradually began to develop the character of the tramp that will
always be connected with his name. He borrowed ideas from many sources and though he
“stole” most of his clothes from other slapstick comedians of the time, he developed his own
special mannerisms to go with them. He used his bowler hat to signal secret messages and his
walking stick allowed him to cause confusion and punish his enemy from a distance. He got
the idea for his famous flat-footed walk from a London taxi driver who had sore feet.
21.
When did Chaplin come to the States?
22.
What was the cause of his father death?
23.
What was his mother’s job?
24.
Did Chaplin make an overnight stardom?
25.
What were the two things that Chaplin used successfully when he played the role of a
tramp?
4. Read the passage and answer the questions below it
What kind of car will be driving by the year 2010? It may be rather different from the type we
have today. With the next two decades bringing greater change than the past 50 years, the
people who will be designing the models of tomorrow believe that environmental problems
may well accelerate the pace of the car’s development. Today, they are students on the
transport design course at London Royal College of Art. Their vision is a machine with 3
wheels instead of 4, electrically powered, environmentally clean and able to drive itself along
intelligent roads, equipped with built in power supplies.
26.
What may push the pace of car’s development in the next 20 years?
27.
Name THREE differences of the future cars?
28.
Where will the cars of the future take their fuel during their long journey?
29.
Where is the car of future designed in Britain?
30.
What do you think the best title for the passage can be?
3. Read the passage and answer the questions below it
The Sierre Club is an organization whose goals are centered on the protection of the
environment. It was founded in 1892 in San Francisco by the naturalist John Muir, who was
intent on preserving the natural beauty of and harmony of the Sierra Nevada in Eastern
California. Today the Sierra Club boasts almost 200,000 members in all fifty states of the
United States.
31.
When was the Sierra Club founded?
32.
How many members can the club attract?
33.
What is the aim of the Sierra Club?
34.
Who is the founder of the Club?
35.
Where is the Sierra Club?
18


6. Read the passage and fill each numbered space with ONE suitable word
I had a terrible experience last Saturday. This is what happened. I left my flat at 2 o’clock
went into (36)
to do some shopping. I go shopping most Saturday afternoon.
(37)
4 o’clock, I had finished shopping and went into a (38)
for a cup of coffee. While I was sitting in the café, I saw a friend called Julie Jones
and she (39)
me. At around 4:30 Julie and I paid the (40)
and left the café. As we were leaving, I offered to give her a (41)
home in my car. She said she would like a lift so we walked to the car park together. I always
put my (42)
in the same car park near the town centre, but when we got to
the park. I had a big (43)
. My car was not there! Of course, I immediately
thought that someone had (44)
it. I was going to phone the police, but
luckily I didn’t. I suddenly realised the truth. I had (45)
driven into town
that day! I had come on the bus instead. Imagine how stupid I felt.
TEST 6
1. Choose ONE of the words or phrases given in the box to fill in the blank of each of the
following sentences
always
appoint
book
cut off
cut out
don’t play

duty
ever
expanding
gap
hand
handed

his life
impossible
incapable
interruption
matter
necessary

not to play
off
other hand
other side
out
question

serious
spreading
strict
too much
until
while

1.
Add interest to your toasted sandwiches by _______ the outside of the bread with
flavored butter.
2.
Apparently, about one in five is left _______
3.
Can you explain this _______ of ten years in your job history which you have not
accounted for?
4.
How many times have I told you _______ football on the main road?
5.
I would like to _______ a double room with a private bathroom for Saturday
September.
6.
In some parks visitors are required to keep _______ the grass.
7.
In winter this town is often _______ from the outside world by heavy snowfalls.
8.
It is said that a true hero is one who is prepared to risk ______ for others.
9.
It was not _______ midnight that they discovered the children were not in their beds.
10.
Television has a _______ not only to entertain people but also to inform them.
11.
The forecast for this evening is wind and rain. On the _______ the outlook for
tomorrow
19


is fine and sunny.
12.
This is the most expensive car that I have _______ driven.
13.
We have been receiving reports of a rather _______ train crash in India.
14.
We regret that it is _______ to meet the revised delivery dates for the goods you
recently
ordered from us.
15.
We shall bring up the_______ of the new swimming pool at the next committee
meeting.
2. Read the passage and answer the questions below it.
Under the Medicare insurance policy, people approaching 65 may enroll
during the seven month period that includes three months before the sixty fifth birthday, the
month in which the birthday falls, and three months after the birthday. However, if they wish
the insurance coverage to begin when they reach 65, they must enroll three months before
their birthday. People who do not enroll within their first enrollment period may enroll later,
during the first three months of each year. Those people, however, must pay 10% additional
for each twelve month period that elapsed since they first could have enrolled. The monthly
premium is deducted from social security payments, railroad retirement or civil service
retirement benefits.
16.
Who does the policy aim at?
17.
When could they first enroll the insurance service?
18.
What should they do if they want insurance begin when they reach 65?
19.
What happens if they enroll later?
20.
From what services could the monthly premium be deducted if they enroll later?
3. Read the passage and answer the questions below it.
We had an English upbringing in terms of plenty of fresh air and outdoor games. I didn’t go to
school. My whole formal education consisted of some three hours when I was five. I was sent
to school but came home at noon on the first day and said I didn’t enjoy it. I couldn’t see the
point of a lot of children sitting restlessly while a teacher taught from a big book. My parents
decided, wisely, I think, that school was not for me and I never went back. My mother then
took over my education and brought up my two sisters and me rather in the way of an
educated English lady. The emphasis was on languages and reading rather than sciences and
maths. Sometimes she taught us herself, but we also had other teachers and we were kept to a
strict routine. About once a week we walked to the Golden Gate Park, and on our walks my
mother taught me to read music. One day I noticed a little windmill in the window of a shop
we passed on our way to the park and I remember now how my heart yearned for it. I couldn’t
roll my ‘r’s when I was small and my mother, who was a perfectionist regarding
pronunciation, said if I could pronounce an ‘r’ well, I’d have the windmill. I practiced and
practiced and one morning I woke everybody up with my’r’s. I got the windmill. I usually get
things I want in life - but I work hard for them and dream of them.
20


21.
22.
23.
24.
25.

How long was the author at school?
Why did he quit school?
How often did he learn about music?
Why did he keep practising pronunciation of ’r’?
Is the author an industrious person?

4. Read the passage and answer the questions below it.
Six years ago when I was a student, I was short of money. So once a week I used to go home
to see my parents and get a decent meal. Although I had a good relationship with my mother, I
never got on well with my father. One day I did a really terrible thing. I stole some money
from him. I had started of by asking him if he would lend me ten pounds. He refused saying
he had already given me enough and it was time I became more responsible with money. You
know what it is like as a student. I’d run out of money and wanted to take a girl out. When he
refused, I accused him of being mean and we had a terrible row. He left the house and I was
so angry that I stole ten pounds from his wallet.
When he found out that the money had gone, he knew who had stolen it and banned me from
the house. Since then I had returned but he had never really forgiven me and still looked down
on me for what I had done. My mother was very upset and I really wanted to work towards
creating a happy relation with my father. Half of me wanted to say “Sorry, Dad” while the
other half still thought he was ridiculous for having kept this attitude up for so long.
26.
Why did the author ask his father for money?
27.
What did he do when he was angry?
28.
What happened to the author after that?
29.
What was the father’s attitude when the author came home?
30.
Why did the author want to have a good relationship with his father?
5. Read the passage and answer the questions below it.
What makes people get sick on subways? Various and sundry things. One is that they
rush off to work in the morning without having eaten a proper breakfast. Sudden dizziness
attacks them. A second cause is the overcrowding and ensuing feeling of claustrophobia,
which brings on stress and anxiety. In addition, they are so afraid of mechanical failure, fire,
and / or crime that they show signs of panic-men by having chest pains and women by
becoming hysterical. Contributing especially to their stress are other factors: overcrowding of
both sexes, continual increase in the numbers of passengers, and people’s inability to avoid
interacting with strangers.
31.
Does your sickness on subways result from your big breakfast?
32.
What feeling may be brought by overcrowding?
33.
What do overcrowding and claustrophobia brought on?
34.
What are the different signs of panic shown by men and women?
21


35.

What are other factors that may causes stress when traveling on subways?

6. Read the passage and fill each numbered space with ONE suitable word.
There are, certain place in the world where people are believe to live much longer than
in most modern (36)
. It is no coincidence that most of the places are very isolated
mountain (37)
. One study that was carried out has clearly showed that people tend to
live longer in mountainous areas. The mountainous regions of Georgia, in Russia, for (38)
have had 5000 people who are 100 years old or more. It has been found that
these people have been farmers all their (39)
and surprisingly, most of them
have continued working till the present day. It has been difficult to discover exactly (40)
the reasons for their old age are, but it seems that an important factor is certainly food.
At the time they were born, (41)
of the old people lived on very simple diet,
which contain very little animal fats. They ate most vegetables and even oil they use was
vegetable (42)
.
Unfortunately, the answer is not as easy as it seems. In another region that has an
equally high percentage of old people, the (43)
includes mild and other diary
foods and most of the people (44)
to be fat and even they drink large quantities of
alcohol regularly. One thing that all the people have (45)
common is that they have
always worked hard, doing very physical work like farming.
TEST 7
1. Choose ONE of the words or phrases given in the box to fill in the blank of each of the
following sentences
about
accessed
agrees
applied
around
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.

aware
collect
despite
did he
going on

going there
he
if
in spite
like

liked
mind
more
predicted
so as

so that
suits
unless
warning
when

_______ of the fact that it rained heavily, we enjoyed our vacation.
Because the information was easily ________, we found it immediately.
I don’t think that dress ________ her
I was just _______ to go out when you telephoned.
It is _______ that the price of real estate will continue to rise before it goes down.
Just imagine what life was _______ for the early settlers in Australia.
Mr. Green has asked his secretary to _______ his car from the garage.
Only once _______ ask for help.
People are becoming more _______ of the need for alternative sources of energy.
22


10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.

The more I live with him, the _______ I love him.
The three friends all _______ for the same job.
We are going to lower our prices _______ to compete in today’s markets.
What comes to _______ when you think of your family?
When he heard the terrible noise he asked me what was _______
You will become ill _______ you stop working so hard.

2. Read the passage and answer the questions below it.
Rice growing farmers are the only ones who truly understand when it is time to gather
young grains to make Cốm. Then young rice grains are harvested, roasted and ground down to
become Cốm. They are put into a large firing pan under small flames and stirred slowly for a
specific period of time. They are then poured into a rice mortar and slightly pounded with a
wooden pestle, rhythmically and at quick intervals until the husk is removed. Following this,
the young rice is removed from the mortar and winnowed before being poured again into the
mortar and the process repeated. This is then repeated exactly seven times so that all the husk
is
removed
from
the young sticky grains. If the pounding is done irregularly and in haste, or it is not repeated
for the prescribed seven times, the green colour of the grains will disappear and be replaced
by an unexpected brown colour. Cốm is regarded as a purely pastoral gift. To enjoy Cốm it is
advisable to chew it slowly so that one can feel the stickiness of the young rice and at the
same time enjoy its sweet, fragrant taste. Visitors to Vong village (about five kms from Hanoi)
during the Cốm making season will have a chance to listen to the special rhythmic pounding
of wooden pestles against mortars filled with young rice and see women shifting and
winnowing the pounded young rice.
16.
Where is young rice roasted to become Cốm?
17.
What do people use to pound rice to make Cốm?
18.
How many times the pounding must be repeated?
19.
What will happen if the pounding is done improperly?
20.
How far is it from Hanoi to Vong village?
3. Read the passage and answer the questions below it.
Iceland had been called the “land of frost and fire”. This is a very satisfactory name,
for the mountains on this island in the North Atlantic are capped with snow the year round,
and there are scores of fiery volcanoes. Contrary to what most people think, however,
Iceland’s climate is not extremely cold. Most days are quite agreeable because of the warm
current of Gulf Stream. When the Vikings began to settle in Iceland in 874 AD. They found
books and crosses that showed the Irish had already been there. It is likely that the Irish and
Scotch had come to Iceland about 70 years before the Vikings arrived. These explorers,

23


however, had made no lasting settlements. The first real colonists were Scandinavians who
came directly from Norway, Sweden, and Denmark.
The people of Iceland have very high educational standards. It is said that more books
are sold in Iceland in relation to its population than in any other country in the world. Since
Iceland is adjacent to one of the most important shipping routes between the United States and
England, it became very important during the Second World War.
21.
Why is Iceland so called?
22.
Did the Irish come to Iceland before 874 AD?
23.
What makes Iceland’s climate agreeable?
24.
Is Iceland situated in the Scandinavia?
25.
Why did Iceland become important during the World War II?
4. Read the passage and answer the questions below it.
The Wright brothers had made use of the knowledge of many people before them. As
early as the fifteenth century an Italian named Leonardo Da Vinci had designed machines that
the thought would fly. Later, men had experimented with balloons that rose high above the
ground. One of them, a Brazilian named Santos Dumont, had flown a dirigible with gasoline
motor and a propeller near Paris in 1899. That was four years before the Wright brothers’
success. Other who had experimented with gliders in the nineteenth century had learned much
about designing airplane bodies. Several plane without passengers had been successfully
tested in Europe and America. But the Wright brothers made the first successful flight of a
heavier-than-air machine that carried a man and flew under its own power.
26.
Whose knowledge had the brothers made use of?
27.
Who had designed flying machines in the 15th ‘century?
28.
Who had flown a dirigible in 1899?
29.
What did the dirigible have besides a motor?
30.
Why are the Wright brothers famous?
5. Read the passage and answer the questions below it.
Before the invention of dynamite, such jobs as building roads, digging tunnel and
mining took a lot of people a long time to do. With dynamite, these jobs could be done
quicker and easier. It was for such peaceful purposes that Nobel invented dynamite.
Unfortunately, others used his invention for making bombs and weapons. Nobel felt very sad
because such weapons caused thousands of deaths in wars.
Although dynamite made Nobel a very rich man, he was unhappy and often regretted
his invention. As a result, he decided to use his money to set up a fund. Every year, several
Nobel Prizes are given to people who have done important works in Science and in the Arts,
works that benefit people everywhere. A Nobel prize is also given to the person who has done
the most to promote world’s peace.

24


31.
used?
32.
33.
34.
35.

Nobles invention of dynamite was of peaceful purpose. In what jobs can dynamite be
Why did his invention eventually make him sad?
Why did he decide to establish the Nobel Prize?
What kind of people were awarded the Nobel Prize?
What can you say about Alfred Nobel?

6. Read the passage and fill each numbered space with ONE suitable word.
An Italian was once visiting New York City. He wished to take a walk in ______
(36) to see the city, but he was afraid that he would get _________(37) because he did not
know a word of English. Therefore, _________ (38) leaving the hotel, he stopped at the first
corner and carefully copied _________ (39) his notebook the name of the street on which his
hotel was located. Then he walked _________ (40). Finally, he got lost. Some hours later, he
arrived at a police _________ (41). After the good deal of confused conversation, an
interpreter was called. The Italian explained to the ________(42) that although he didn’t know
the ________(43) of his hotel, he did know the ________(44) on which it was located. He
then showed the interpreter what he had copied in his ________(45). The-words which he had
so carefully copied were “one-way-street”.
TEST 8
1. Choose one of the words or phrases given in the box to fill in the blank of each of the
following sentences
carvings
chance
change
climate
essential

essentially
exact
exactly
fail
failure

films
guess
handle
illiterate
improve

literate
manufactured
museums
present
prove

question
represent
rolled
weather
whales

1.
John kicked the soccer ball and it ________ across the grass.
2.
A data base lets you look at and _______ around a lot of information quickly.
3.
British and American English are not _______ the same. For example, Americans say
elevator and the British say lift.
4.
Canada is very cold in the winter. If you live there, it is _______ to have a warm coat
and good boots.
5.
Icons _______ programs, folders or files.
6.
If there is a power _________ you may lose all your data.
7.
If you don’t know the answer to a question in a test, you can always _________
8.
If you go to class every day, do your homework every night, and practice with your
friends, then your English will really __________
25


Tài liệu bạn tìm kiếm đã sẵn sàng tải về

Tải bản đầy đủ ngay

×