Tải bản đầy đủ

Unit 09. Preserving the Environment. Lesson 8. Looking back - project

CLASS : 10A1- - TRAN PHU HIGH
SCHOOL
22nd March,
2016


CONTENT

PRONUNCIATION

VOCABULARY

GRAMMAR

PROJECT

UNIT 9: PRESERVING THE ENVIRONMENT


Word Stress Rules
A. Stress on 1st syllable

Rule

Example

Most 2-syllable nouns

PRESent, EXport, CHIna, TAble

Most 2-syllable adjectives

PRESent, SLENder, CLEVer, HAPpy

B. Stress on 2nd syllable
Rule

Example

Most 2-syllable verbs

preSENT, exPORT, deCIDE, beGIN

UNIT 9: PRESERVING THE ENVIRONMENT


Word Stress Rules
C. Stress on penultimate syllable (penultimate = second from end)
Rule

Example

Words ending in -ic

GRAPHic, geoGRAPHic, geoLOGic

Words ending in -sion and -tion

teleVIsion, reveLAtion

D. Stress on ante-penultimate syllable (ante-penultimate =
third from end)

Rule

Example

Words ending in -cy, -ty, phyand -gy

deMOcracy, dependaBIlity,
phoTOgraphy, geOLogy

Words ending in -al

CRItical, geoLOGical
UNIT 9: PRESERVING THE ENVIRONMENT


1

2

Listen and repeat
1.Pollution


2. Erosion


3.’Energy

4. ’Animal

5. Consumption


6. Awareness


7.’Poverty

8. Depletion


9. Solution


10. protection


Put a mark (’) before the stressed syllable in each of
the words in 1. Then listen and check your answer

UNIT 9: PRESERVING THE ENVIRONMENT


CONTENT

PRONUNCIATION

VOCABULARY

GRAMMAR

PROJECT

UNIT 9: PRESERVING THE ENVIRONMENT


Vocabulary

UNIT 9: PRESERVING THE ENVIRONMENT

1. Group the words according to their class
animal
consume
erode

pollution
emit
resource

preserve
deplete
threat

Verb

protect
energy
disposal
Noun

consume

animal

erode

pollution

deplete

resource

emit

threat

preserve

energy

protect

disposal


Vocabulary

UNIT 9: PRESERVING THE ENVIRONMENT

2. Complete the sentences using the correct words in bracket
1.Water is one of the limited natural resources which can run out soon. All
Vo it.
efforts should be made to
to……………………it.
preserve
(preserve / preservation)
2. Disposal of solid waste into the local river has been the cause of
water……………………in
water
pollutionN in this area. this area. ( pollute /pollution )
N
3.
environmental
preservation
should
be raised
in the
3 …………………….of
Awareness
of environmental
preservation
should
be raised
in the
public
public as
as well
well as
as in
in education.
education. (aware/ awareness)

4. We should …………………………the
protect Vo
the limited
limited
or non-renewable
or non-renewable
natural
natural
resources for our future generations. ( protection/ protect)
N
5.
thecommunity
communityhas
hasincreased
increasedsince
since
5. The
The energy……………………..of
energy
consumption
of the
the
the new
new resort
resort was
was built.
built. ( consume / consumption )

6. Over-exploitation of oil will lead to the
depletion
of this
natural
N
the……………..of
this
natural
resource. (depletion / deplete)


CONTENT

PRONUNCIATION

VOCABULARY

GRAMMAR

PROJECT

UNIT 9: PRESERVING THE ENVIRONMENT


Grammar

UNIT 9: PRESERVING THE ENVIRONMENT

1. Read the story. Underline the sentences said by Nick, Mary and
Mr Jones

Mr
Jones
is said
aware
ofthis
the rubbish
need foris environmental
He has two
1. Mr
Jones
“ All
killing fish and protection.
other sea creatures”.
children, Nick and Mary.
One
weekend,
thecan
family
went
to beach
to have a picnic. The seashore was
2.
Nick
said, “We
clean
the beach
together”.
much polluted because of the amount of waste left there. Mr Jones was very
sad. He said “ All this rubbish is killing fish and other sea creatures”. Nick
3.
Mary said,said,
“I will
askcan
ourclean
friends
neighbours
comesaid,
and help
us.”
immediately
“We
theand
beach
together”.toMary
“I will
ask
our friends and neighbours to come and help us.” Mr Jones was very happy
that
children
wanted
to help.
He that,
said, children”
“I’m so happy to hear that,
4. Mrhis
Jones
said, “I’m
so happy
to hear
children”
The following week, the family came back to the beach with many of their
5. Mr Jones gave them gloves and told them, “Protect yourselves from
friends and neighbours. They also brought big carrier bags. Mr Jones gave
germs”
them gloves and told them, “Protect yourselves from germs”


Review:
Reported speech sentence
Changes
pronoun, object
and possession
change the tenses

Change the
places and time

UNIT 9: PRESERVING THE ENVIRONMENT


If this verb is in the present tense, it's easy.
Example:
Direct speech: She says ““I like ice cream“.”
→ Reported speech: She says (that) she likes ice cream.
We don't need to change the tense


If the reporting verb is in the past tense, then usually we change the tenses in the
reported speech:
•Direct speech: She said “ “I like ice cream“.”
•Reported speech: She said (that) she liked ice cream.
Tense

Direct Speech

Reported Speech

present simple

“I like ice cream”

She said (that) she liked ice cream.

present continuous “I am living in London”

She said (that) she was living in
London.

past simple

“I bought a car”

She said (that) she had bought a
car

past continuous

“I was walking along the street”

She said (that) she had been
walking along the street.

present perfect

“I haven't seen Julie”

She said (that) she hadn't seen
Julie.

past perfect

“I had taken English lessons
before”

She said (that) she had taken
English lessons before.

will

“I'll see you later”

She said (that) she would see me
later.

would

“I would help, but..”

She said (that) she would help
but...


Time Expressions in Reported Speech
now

then / at that time

today

that day

yesterday

the day before / the previous day

last night

the night before/ the previous night

a month ago

a month before

tomorrow

the next day / the following day

next month

The next month/ the following month

Other changes in Reported Speech
here

there

this/ these

that/those

must

had to


Reported Requests
For example:
Direct speech: "Close the window, please“ she said.
Or: "Could you close the window please?“she said.
Or: "Would you mind closing the window please?" she said.
All of these requests mean the same thing, so we don't need to report every
word when we tell another person about it.
We simply use 'asked/ told + sb + to + infinitive':
→ Reported speech: She asked me to close the window.


2. Change the direct speech statements into reported speech. Make any
changes, if necessary.
1. Mr Jones said “ All this rubbish is killing fish and other sea creatures”.
→ Mr Jones said (that) all that rubbish was killing fish and other sea creatures
2. Nick said, “We can clean the beach together”.
→ Nick said (that) they could clean the beach together.
3. Mary said, “I will ask our friends and neighbours to come and help us.”
→ Mary told them (that) she would ask their friends and neighbours to come
and help them.
4. Mr Jones said, “I’m so happy to hear that, children”
→ Mr Jones said (that) he was so happy to hear that.
5. Mr Jones gave them gloves and told them, “Protect yourselves from germs”
→ Mr Jones gave them gloves and told them to protect themselves from germs.


CONTENT

PRONUNCIATION

- Discuss a typical pollution problem
VOCABULARY

- Give some practical advice
GRAMMAR

PROJECT

UNIT 9: PRESERVING THE ENVIRONMENT


Competition

*Your group will PRONUNCIATION
have the highest point (25
points) if you have:
- Clear and concise
idea.
VOCABULARY
- Best design.
*The second rank will
get 20 points
GRAMMAR
*The last one will have 15 points
PROJECT

UNIT 9: PRESERVING THE ENVIRONMENT


Consolidation
NOW YOU CAN
► pronounce two or three-syllable words and

use them in sentences
► use reported speech
► Talk about the environmental impacts of

human activities and how to preserve the
environment
► Write to give some practical advice on the

preservation of the Earth’s limited resources
Tran Phu High school, 22nd March, 2016


Homework
- Complete the project by collecting some
pictures to illustrate for the environment
pollution your group have chosen.
- Have a project prepared more carefully.
- Group leader will present it on next lesson.


Good bye!



Tài liệu bạn tìm kiếm đã sẵn sàng tải về

Tải bản đầy đủ ngay

×

×