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Career development interventions 5th by spence niles and bowlsbey chapter 06

Career Development Interventions
5th Edition
Spence G. Niles and JoAnn E. Harris-Bowlsbey

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Chapter 6
Career Information
and Resources
Developed by:
Jennifer Del Corso

Copyright © 2017, 2013, 2009 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved


Relationship Between Data and
Decision Making


Having reliable data is essential to career decision making.




Data may be acquired from print sources, computer-assisted career guidance systems, websites, and/or people.



The counselor’s role is to assist clients/students to turn data into information.

Career Development Interventions, 5th Edition
Spencer G. Nile and JoAnn E. Harris-Bowlsbey

Copyright © 2017, 2013, 2009 by Pearson Education,
Inc.
All Rights Reserved


Types of Data Needed by Clients




Descriptions of programs of study (post-secondary)





Military programs





Apprenticeships and internships






Occupations





Schools





Private (proprietary) vocational-technical schools





Public Community colleges





Four-year colleges and universities





Graduate schools





Financial aid





Jobs

Career Development Interventions, 5th Edition
Spencer G. Nile and JoAnn E. Harris-Bowlsbey

Copyright © 2017, 2013, 2009 by Pearson Education,
Inc.
All Rights Reserved


Barriers and Decision Styles


Clients/students may have difficulty dealing with data

 because of physical, mental, or
emotional deficits.
 because of their usual decision-making
style.





Planful
Agonizing
Impulsive
Intuitive

.
.
.
.

Compliant
Delaying
Fatalistic
Paralytic

Career Development Interventions, 5th Edition
Spencer G. Nile and JoAnn E. Harris-Bowlsbey

Copyright © 2017, 2013, 2009 by Pearson Education,
Inc.
All Rights Reserved


Client Information and Diversity


Clients may bring a myriad of diversity related issues to career counseling requiring flexibility on the part of the counselor to provide appropriate resources or accommodation.

Career Development Interventions, 5th Edition
Spencer G. Nile and JoAnn E. Harris-Bowlsbey

Copyright © 2017, 2013, 2009 by Pearson Education,
Inc.
All Rights Reserved


Assistance Obtaining Data for
those with Disabilities


Some students of clients who seek career information may need assistance in the form of (but not limited to):



One on one assistance



Special software or hardware



Avatars



Language translation



Assistance reading (reading disability)



Screen readers or related software (visual impaired)

Career Development Interventions, 5th Edition
Spencer G. Nile and JoAnn E. Harris-Bowlsbey

Copyright © 2017, 2013, 2009 by Pearson Education,
Inc.
All Rights Reserved


Client Roles


Complete the data-gathering homework given by counselors.



Apply data collected to personal career choices and engage in activities, aided by the counselor.



Assume responsibility for their own decision making.

Career Development Interventions, 5th Edition
Spencer G. Nile and JoAnn E. Harris-Bowlsbey

Copyright © 2017, 2013, 2009 by Pearson Education,
Inc.
All Rights Reserved


Counselor Roles


Select sources for data that are of high quality.



Make sources of data known to clients and assist them to know how to use them.



Assist clients to make meaningful use of data.

Career Development Interventions, 5th Edition
Spencer G. Nile and JoAnn E. Harris-Bowlsbey

Copyright © 2017, 2013, 2009 by Pearson Education,
Inc.
All Rights Reserved


Other Methods of Collecting Data


Career days



Mentoring



Internships



Job Shadowing



Part-time jobs

Career Development Interventions, 5th Edition
Spencer G. Nile and JoAnn E. Harris-Bowlsbey

Copyright © 2017, 2013, 2009 by Pearson Education,
Inc.
All Rights Reserved


Ways to Organize Occupations


Holland’s system (R, I, A, S, E, C)



ACT’s World-of-Work Map clusters and job families



O*Net Classification system



U.S. Department of Education clusters

Career Development Interventions, 5th Edition
Spencer G. Nile and JoAnn E. Harris-Bowlsbey

Copyright © 2017, 2013, 2009 by Pearson Education,
Inc.
All Rights Reserved


Career Centers


A career center houses all the resources (videos, journals, books, assessment instruments, and a variety of software programs) in one physical place.



The career center should:

o be centrally located.
o be user-friendly.
o contain computers for use of software and
websites.
o have equipment for viewing videos.
o be staffed with trained persons such as
Career Development Facilitators (CDF)
o have materials organized by type, content,
career planning step, or life role.

Career Development Interventions, 5th Edition
Spencer G. Nile and JoAnn E. Harris-Bowlsbey

Copyright © 2017, 2013, 2009 by Pearson Education,
Inc.
All Rights Reserved


Virtual Career Centers


May include:



assessment



linkages to websites that provide data resources



cybercounseling assistance

Career Development Interventions, 5th Edition
Spencer G. Nile and JoAnn E. Harris-Bowlsbey

Copyright © 2017, 2013, 2009 by Pearson Education,
Inc.
All Rights Reserved


Helping Clients Turn Data into
Information


The most difficult and most essential role of the counselor is to assists students and clients as they make sense of all the data



Career data and assessment results should not be interpreted as “right/wrong”



Trained career counselors should help students process the information they receive following NCDA Ethical Guidelines

Career Development Interventions, 5th Edition
Spencer G. Nile and JoAnn E. Harris-Bowlsbey

Copyright © 2017, 2013, 2009 by Pearson Education,
Inc.
All Rights Reserved



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