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To inf or gerund Review English Grammar with Powerpoint

page 117, 118

How can we identify which verbs
followed by the to-inf and which
verbs followed by the gerund ?


The answer is…



Like, dislike, love, hate are in special cases



Verbs followed by both (To-inf and Gerund)
With no change of meaning
Begin, start, etc.

With change of meaning

Some verbs can be followed by the
to-inf or the gerund, with some
change in meaning


Verb: Remember
Remember + gerund

This is when you remember something that has
happened in the past. You have a memory of it now.

I remember going to the beach when I was a child.
(= I have a memory of going to the beach).

• Remember + to + infinitive
This is when you think of something that you
need to do. (And usually, you then do the

I remembered to buy milk.
(= I remember first and
then I go to buy milk).

Verb: regret
• Regret + gerund

This is when you looks back something you did in the
past and you wish you hadn't done it.

• She regrets loving you.

• Regret + to + infinitive

• I regret to say that your interview was not successful
(= I am sorry to say… )
We use this construction when we are giving someone
bad news, in quite a formal way.

NOTE : With these verbs
remember, regret

+ gerund : something that
has happened in the past.

Gerund follow “be” describes an activity,
a habbit.

To-infinitive follow “be” describes a
future event

• Phương Khanh habbit is

singing while she takes
a shower because she likes
Phương Thanh singer so

to go

• Duy aim is
to the
Harvard University.


(have some opposite points with Remember)

I forgot to go to The Remix show.
( I forgot and so I didn’t go)

I forgot going to the meeting at 8 a.m.
(I forgot now that I went)

• Try + to + infinitive
when do sth difficult and you don't succeed in
doing it. cố gắng

I tried to lift the suitcase, but it was too

• Try + gerund
when you do something as an experiment.  thử

I tried lifting the suitcase again, with my friend.

+ V-ing: Stop what you were doing
We stopped talking when our teacher came in.
+ To-inf:
We stopped to study.
( to-infinitive describe purpose, the reason why
we stopped )

We go on to

1. Alan can’t stand _________
on trains. (riding/ to ride)

2. Try (dressing/ to dress) _________the larger dress. There’s
no time to fight with the zipper. dressing
3. Justin remember __________(brusing/ to brush) his teeth.
He forgot ________(brusing/Totobrush
brush) this morning.
4. All she wants is ________(making/to make) her parents
believe in her in someday.
To make
5. As the famous saying goes, there’s no use ______ over spilt
milk. (crying / to cry)
6. Jim crying
stopped _________ his shoelace. Wait for him. (tying /
to tie)
To tie

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