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Bài tập điền từ tự do Gapfilling

Gap – filling exercises

Test 1
Computers are helpful in many ways. First, they are fast. They can work with
information much more quickly than a person. (1)______, computer can work with lots of
information at the (2)_____ time. Third, they can keep (3)_____ for a long time. They do
not forget things the way (4)_____ do. Also, computers are almost always correct. They are
not (5)_____ of course, but they usually don’t make mistakes. These days, (6)_____ is
important to know something about computers. There are a number of ways to (7)_____.
Some companies have classes at work. Also most universities offer day and (8)_____
courses in computer science. Another to learn is (9)_____ a book. There are many books
about computers in bookstores and libraries. Or you can learn from a friend. After a few
hours of practice you can work with (10)_____. You may not be an expert, but you can
have fun!
*/ Key:
1- Second
2- same
3- information
4- to
5- perfect
6- it

7- learn
8- night
9- from
10-computers
Test 2
Usually the decision to marry is based on a mutual (1)_____ between the man and
the woman. Parents (2)_____ or may not be asked to give (3)_____ permission. The
marriage ceremony may be a (4)_____ visit to city hall, where marriage vows (5)_____
exchanged and papers are signed, or it (6)_____ be an elaborate celebration. There are
numerous (7)_____ to the traditional wedding ceremony. Couples who (8)_____ not wish to
get divorced may decide (9)_____ mutual agreement to seperated, in this case, (10)_____
are still legally married. Couples who have (11)_____ for divorce are seperated until the
(12)_____ in finalised.
Divorces can be obtained easily (13)_____ most Australian states. Either husbands
or wives (14)_____ apply to divorce. Bases for divorce can (15)_____ as diverse as mutual
agreement. There is (16)_____ a minimal waiting time for remarriage. Child (17)_____
payments, alimony, and the division of property (18)_____ usually arranged by the courts
or by (19)_____ agreement between the husband and the wife.
*/ Key:
1-agreement
2- may
3- their
4- simple
5- are
6- may
7- ways
8- do
9- by
10- they
11- applied
12- divorce
13- in
14- can
15- be
16- usually
17- care
18- are
19- mutual

more

need
talk
the
times

Gv: Ngo Thi Phuong

Test 3
understand
talk
seem
best
with
1

still
want
being
age
about

On Thi TN 2008 - 2009


Gap – filling exercises
During (1)_____ teenage years, many young people can at (2)_____ be difficult to
talk to. They often (3)_____ to dislike (4)_____ questioned. They may seem unwilling to
(5)_____ about their work in school. This is a normal development at this (6)_____. Though
it can be very hard for parents to (7)_____ it is part of becoming independent of teenagers
trying to be adult while they are (8)_____ growing up. Young people are usually (9)_____
willing to talk if they believe that questions are asked out of real interest and not because
people are trying to check up on them.
Parents should do their (10)_____ to talk to their son and daughter (11)_____ school,
work and future plans but should not push them to (12)_____ if they don’t (13)_____ to.
Parents should also watch for danger signs: Some young people in trying to be adults may
experiment with sex, drugs, alcohol or smoking. Parents (14)_____ to watch for any signs
of unusual behaviour which may be connected (15)_____ these and help if necessary.
*/ Key:
1-the
2- times
3- seem
4- being
5- talk
6- age
7- understand
8- still
9- more
10- best
11- about
12- talk
13- want
14- need
15- with
Test 4

course
of
was
course
little
make
got
it
The mind of man is clever and wonderful but (1)_____ is not properly understood.
Sometimes the mind can do very surprising things.
One strange mind was that of Edgar Cayce, who was the son (2)_____ a farmer in
Kentucky, and knew (3)_____ or nothing about science or medical matters. When he was
young, he (4)_____ ill and lay in bed unconscious. Doctors of (5)_____ did their best for
himand tried to (6)_____ him better; but he remained unconscious for a long time. Then he
suddenly (7)_____ to speak clearly.
He described the cause of his illness and explained all the things that must have
beed done to make him better. He knew the names of all the medicines he took. Everyone
was surprised, of (8)_____. How did a farmer’s son know all this?
*/ Key:
1-it
2- of
3- little
4- was
5- course
6- make
7- got
8- course
Test 5
agriculture
almost
available
beneath
contain
cover
too
evaporation
locked
most
The earth has a tremendous amount of water, but (1)_____ all of it is in the oceans.
The Oceans (2)_____ about 70% of the earth’s surface. They (3)_____ about 97% of all the
water on earth, and are the source of (4)_____ precipitation that falls to earth. Ocean water
is (5)_____ salty to be used for drinking (6)_____ or industry. But the salt is left behind
during (7)_____ and the precipitation that falls to earth is unsalty water.
Only about 3% of the water on earth is fresh water and most of it is not easily
(8)_____ to man. It includes water (9)_____ in glaciers and icecaps, more than 2% of the

Gv: Ngo Thi Phuong

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On Thi TN 2008 - 2009


Gap – filling exercises
earth’s water. About half of 1% of the earth’s water is (10)_____ the earth’s surface. Rivers
and lakes contain only about one-fiftieth of 1% of the earth’s water.
*/ Key:
1-almost
2- cover
3- contain
4- most
5- too
6- agriculture
7- evaporation
8- available
9- locked
10- beneath
Test 6

Must
so
either
come
really
just
share
along
number
building
immediately
up
enjoyment
specialise
about
had
Good morning, girls and boys, I have come (1)_____ today to tell you something
about my hobby, stamp collecting. I have been a collector ever since I was (2)_____ your
age, which means I have been (3)_____ up my collection for over 50 years.
I took it (4)_____ when I was very sick and (5)_____ to be off school for a couples of
month. I was (6)_____ fed up (7)_____ my grandfather brought me (8)_____ stamp album
and a big packet of stamps (9)_____ get me going. I took to it (10)_____. I was fascinated
by the beautiful colours and the (11)_____ names of faraway places.
When I grew up, I decided to (12)_____ and I have now got (13)_____ of the largest
collections of French stamps in the country. It really is a marvellous hobby and has given
me thousands of hours of (14)_____. People think it (15)_____ be very lonely but it isn’t at
all. You can go to fairs and exhibitions and get to meet other people who (16)_____ the
same interest. It needn’t be expensive (17)_____.
*/ Key:
1-along
2- about
3- building 4- up
5- had
6- really
7- so
8- a
9- to
10- immediately
11- mysterious 12- specialise 13- one
14- enjoyment
15- must
16- share
17- either

is
recognised
which
was

Test 7

called
he
it
to
then
whether
in
than
started
these
an
until
Birth of the computer
Most people think of computers as very modern inventions, products of our new
technology. But actually, the idea for a computer (1)_____ worked out over two centuries
ago by a man (2)_____ Charles Babbage.
Babbage was born (3)_____ 1791 and grew up to be a brilliant mathematician. He
drew up plans for several calculating machines (4)_____ he called “engines”. But despite
the fact that he (5)_____ building some of these he never finished any of them. Over the
years people have argued (6)_____ his machines would ever work. Recently, however, the
Science Museum in London has finished building (7)_____ engine based on one of

Gv: Ngo Thi Phuong

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On Thi TN 2008 - 2009


Gap – filling exercises
Babbage’s designs. (8)_____ has taken six years to complete and more (9)_____ four
thousand parts have been specially made. Whether it works or not, the machine will be on
show at a special exhibition in the Science Museum (10)_____ remind people of Babbage’s
work.
*/ Key:
1-was
2- called
3- in
4- which
5- started
6- whether
7- an
8- it
9- than
10- to
test 8
as
classify
dwell
feed
fresh
live
measure
others
throughout
vary
The shark is a meat-eating fish and one of the most feared animals of the sea.
Scientists (1)_____ about 250 species of fish as sharks. These fish live in ocean (2)_____
the world, but they are most common in warm seas.
Sharks (3)_____ greatly in size and habits. Whale shark weighs up to 15 short tons,
more than twice (4)_____ much as an African elephant. The smallest sharks may (5)_____
only 4 inches long and weigh less than one ounce. Some kinds of sharks live in the depths
of the ocean, but (6)_____ are found near the surface. Some species live in coastal waters,
but others (7)_____ far out at sea. A few species can even live in (8)_____ water.
All sharks are carnivores (meat-eaters). Most of them eat (9)_____fish, including
other sharks. A shark’s only natural enemy is a larger shark. Sharks eat their prey whole, or
they tear off large chunks of flesh. They also (10)_____ on dead or dying animals.
*/ Key:
1-classify
2- throughout
3- vary
4- as
5- measure
6- others
7- dwell
8- fresh
9- live
10- feed
test 9
Environmental pollution is a term that (1)_____ to tell the way by which man
pollutes his surroundings. Man dirties the air with gases and smoke, (2)_____ the water
with chamicals and other substances, and damages the soil with (3)_____ many fertilisers
and pesticides. Man also pollute his surroundings (4)_____ various other ways for (5)_____,
people ruin natural beauty by scattering little on the land and in the water. They operate
machines and motor vehicles that fill the air with disturbing (6)_____ pollution.
Environmental pollution (7)_____ one of the most serious (8)_____ facing mankind
today. Air (9)_____ and soil are necessary to the survival of all living things. Badly polluted
air can cause illness, and (10)_____ death. Polluted water kills other marine life. Pollution
of soil reduces the amount of land for growing food. Environmental pollution also brings
ugliness to man’s naturally beautiful world.
*/ Key:
1-refers
2- poisons
3- too
4- in
5- example
6- noise
7- is
8- problems
9- water
10- even
test 10

Gv: Ngo Thi Phuong

4

On Thi TN 2008 - 2009


Gap – filling exercises
What (1)_____ the world be like in the future? I think that future people will go
(2)_____ the same cycle of life and have the same problems as people today. They will be
born. They will go to school and university; they will fall in (3)_____. They will find a
(4)_____. They will (5)_____ old and (6)_____. But the ways of doing these things will be
(7)_____. Their parents will choose their sex and physical characteristics, and they will be
conceived in test (8)_____. They will have electronic teachers that they only see on TV.
They will fall in love through computer (9)_____. They will work (10)_____home with a
computer hook up to their jobs. They will grow old with transplanted organs and die
(11)_____ they are 150 years (12)_____. Will the world be (13)_____? I think there will be
less disease, but I think social (14)_____ will increase, and War will (15)_____.
*/ Key:
1-will
2- through
3- love
4- job
5- grow
6- die
7- different
8- tubes
9- dating
10- at
11- when
12- old
13- better
14- problems 15- continue
test 11
The first stamp in (1)_____ world was an English stamp. It was made (2)_____ 1840.
Before that time people paid money to the postman (3)_____ every letter they received and
the postman didn’t give letters to anybody (4)_____ didn’t pay him.
An English teacher (5)_____ name is Rowland Hill thought much about it. One day
he said that people who wrote the letters must (6)_____ for them and not the (7)_____ who
got the letters. He spoke (8)_____ it to people in the government.
Soon all the (9)_____ began to sell little pieces of paper (10)_____ a stamp on them.
*/ Key:
1-the
2- in
3- for
4- who
5- whose
6- pay
7- people
8- about
9- post-offices
10- with
test 12
(1)_____ many years people believed that the cleverest animals (2)_____ man were
chimpanzees. Now, however, there is proof that dolphins may (3)_____ even cleverer than
these big apes.
Although a dolphin lives in the (4)_____, it is not a fish. It is a mammal. It is in many
ways, therefore, like human being.
Dolphins have a simple language. They are (5)_____ to talk to one another. It may
be (6)_____ for man to learn how to talk to dolphins. But this will not be easy because
dolphins can not hear the kind of sounds that man can make. If man wants to talk to
dolphins, therefore, he will (7)_____ to make a third language which both he and the
dolphins can understand.
Dolphins are (8)_____ very friendly towards man. They often follow ships. There
are many stories of dolphins guiding ships through difficult and dangerous waters.
*/ Key:
1-For
2- after
3- be
4- sea
5- able
6- possible
7- have
8- also

Gv: Ngo Thi Phuong

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On Thi TN 2008 - 2009


Gap – filling exercises

test 13
bring about
coverage
designed
entertainment
pictures
events
in addition to
make
means
through
Television is one of man’s most important (1)_____ of communications. It brings
(2)_____ and sounds from around the world into millions of homes. A person with a
television set can sit in his house and watch the President (3)_____ a speech or visit a
foreign country. He can see a war being fought and watch statements try to (4)_____ peace
(5)_____ television, home viewers can see and learn about people, places, and things in
faraway lands. TV even takes its viewers out of this world. It brings them (6)_____ of
America’s astronauts explore outer space.
(7)_____ all these things, television brings its viewers a steady stream of programs
that are (8)_____ to entertain. In fact, TV provide many more (9)_____ programs than any
other kind. The programs include action-packed dramas, light comedies, sporting (10)_____
and motion pictures.
*/ Key:
1-means
2- pictures
3- make
4- bring about
5- through
6- coverage
7- in addition to 8- designed 9- entertainment 10- events

Gv: Ngo Thi Phuong

6

On Thi TN 2008 - 2009



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