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TÀI LIỆU BIẾN ĐỔI CÂU(CÓ ĐÁP ÁN) _CÔ MAI PHƯƠNG

TÀI
 LIỆU
 ÔN
 TẬP
 PHẦN
 BIẾN
 ĐỐI
 CÂU
 –
 SENTENCE
 TRANSFORMATION
 –
 CÔ
 MAI
 PHƯƠNG
 <3
 

I/ - SENTENCE BUILDINGS (CÁC CẤU TRÚC CÂU HAY THI)
S + BE + ADJ + TO_INF...............
I am happy to see you here.

S + BE + ADJ + CLAUSE.
I’m sorry (that) you can’t come. (Tôi rất tiếc là bạn không thể đến được.)
S + BE/V + TOO + ADJ/ADV + (FOR + O) + TO_INF...........
(...quá ...nên không thể...)
S + BE/V + ADJ/ADV + ENOUGH + (FOR + O) + TO_INF.........
(...đủ......để làm gì...)
Tom is old enough to go to school. (Tom đủ tuổi để đi học)
IT + BE + ADJ + (FOR + O) + TO_INF...........
It is important for everybody to know English.
(Mọi người biết Tiếng Anh thì rất quan trọng)
IT + BE + ADJ + THAT _ CLAUSE.
It is splendid that you passed the exam.
IT + BE + ADJ + OF + O + TO_INF...........
It’s kind of you to help me. (Bạn thật tử tế khi đã giúp tôi)
IT + BE + ADJ + THAT + S + (SHOULD) + BARE INF..........
It’s necessary that we (should) study English regularly.
(Thật là cần thiết khi chúng ta học tiếng Anh thường xuyên)
IT WAS NOT UNTIL..............THAT..... (Mãi cho đến.......mới.....)
It was not until midnight that the noise next door stopped.
(Mãi đến nửa đêm tiếng ồn trước nhà mới hết)
S + BE/GET + USED TO + N/V_ing (Quen với)
I am used to staying up late.
I am used to the heat because I have been living here for a long time.
S + USED TO + BARE INF
(...đã từng...)
He used to have a long hair. (Anh ấy từng để tóc dài)
IT + TAKES/TOOK/WILL TAKE/ HAS TAKEN + (O) + TIME + TO_INF
(Ai đó mất bao nhiêu thời gian để làm gì)
It takes him thirty minutes to write a letter.
It took me two hours to repair the computer last night.
S + HAVE/GET + O(st) + PP........... (Nhờ ai đó làm việc gì)
S + HAVE + O(so) + BARE INF..... = S + GET + O(so) + TO_INF
We are going to have/get our car repaired next week.
(Chúng tôi sẽ nhờ người sửa xe cho chúng tôi)
I have my brother repair my bike/ I get my brother to repair my bike.
(Tôi nhờ anh tôi sửa xe đạp cho tôi)
....SO + ADJ/ADV + THAT......... = ....SUCH + (A/AN) + ADJ + N + THAT.........
(.....quá .......đến nỗi....)
The film was so good that I saw it three times. (bộ phim hay đến nỗi tôi đã xem nó 3 lần)
It was such a hard cake that he couldn’t eat it.

(Đó là một cái bánh rắn đến nỗi anh ấy không thể ăn được)
AFTER + S1 + PAST PERFECT + S2 + SIMPLE PAST
After I had entered the house, it began to rain. (Sau khi tôi vào nhà thì trời bắt đầu mưa)
S1 + V + THAT + S2 + (SHOULD) + BARE INF.....
We insist that a meeting (should) be held as soon as possible.
HỌC
 TIẾNG
 ANH
 CÙNG
 CÔ
 MAI
 PHƯƠNG
 TẠI
 MOON.VN
 

1
 


TÀI
 LIỆU
 ÔN
 TẬP
 PHẦN
 BIẾN
 ĐỐI
 CÂU
 –
 SENTENCE
 TRANSFORMATION
 –
 CÔ
 MAI
 PHƯƠNG
 <3
 

(Chúng tôi nài nỉ một cuộc họp sẽ được tổ chức càng sớm càng tốt)
S1 + WISH + (THAT) + S2 + PAST/PAST PERFECT/WOULD INF....
I wish I knew English well. (Câu ước ở hiện tại)
I wish hat I had gone to the party last Sunday. (câu ước ở quá khứ)
I wish I could go to England some day. (câu ước ở hiện tại, tương lai)
S1 + PRESENT PERFECT + SINCE + S2 + SIMPLE PAST...
He has worked as a pilot since he left university.
(Anh ấy đã làm phi công từ khi anh ấy học xong đại học)
IT IS + TIME + SINCE + S + SIMPLE PAST
(Đã....kể từ khi......)
It is over six months since John last had his hair cut. (Đã 6 tháng kể từ khi John cắt tóc)
IT + BE + PHRASE + THAT CLAUSE (chính là...)
It is the manager, not his assistant, that I want to see.
(Chính ông quản lí, chứ không phải người phụ tá của ông ấy, là người tôi muốn gặp)
NEITHER + S1 + NOR + S2 + V........ (cả...lẫn....đều không...)
(động từ chia theo chủ ngữ đứng sau “nor”)
Neither my brother nor I am good at French. /Neither I nor my brother is good at French
(Cả anh của tôi và tôi đều không giỏi tiếng Pháp)
...NOT ONLY....BUT ALSO.../ BUT....AS WELL.
(Không những......mà còn....)
He not only spent all his money but also borrowed some from me.
(Không những anh ấy tiêu hết tiền mà còn mượn một ít của tôi)
NOT ONLY + AUX + S1 + V + BUT + S2 + ALSO.../....AS WELL.
(Không những......mà còn.... - đảo ngữ của mẫu câu trên)
Not only did he refuse to take the medicine but he also hit the nurse.
S1 + HAD + NO SOONER + PP + THAN + S2 + SIMPLE PAST
S1 + HAD + HARDLY/SCARELY + PP + WHEN + S2 + SIMPLE PAST
(...vừa mới...thì...)
I had no sooner opened the door than the telephone rang.
(Tôi vừa mở cửa vào thì điện thoại reo)
I had scarely closed the door when somebody started to knock.
(Tôi vừa đóng cửa thì có ai đó gõ cửa)
NO SOONER + HAD + S + PP + THAN + S + SIMPLE PAST
HARDLY/SCARELY + HAD + S + PP + WHEN + S + SIMPLE PAST
No sooner had he arrived than he was asked to leave again.
NO MATER HOW + ADJ/ADV + S + V....,
(Dù...........thế nào đi nữa......)
No matter how intelligent you may be, you should be careful about this.
(Dù bạn thông minh thế nào đi nữa thì bạn cũng nên cẩn thận về điều này)
PREFER + V_ing/N + TO + V_ing/N
= PREFER + TO_INF + RATHER THAN + BARE INF
= WOULD RATHER + BARE INF + THAN + BARE INF
= WOULD RATHER + BARE INF + O1 + THAN + O2
= LIKE + V_ing/N + BETTER THAN + V_ing/N
(cả 5 mẫu câu này đều có nghĩa là “thích hơn”)
Tom prefers reading to talking. (Tom thích đọc hơn nói)
Tom would rather read than talk. (Tom thích đọc hơn nói)
Tom likes reading better than talking. (Tom thích đọc hơn nói)
II/ SENTENCE TRANSFORMATION
TO_INF + BE + ADJ...



IT + BE + ADJ + TO_INF

HỌC
 TIẾNG
 ANH
 CÙNG
 CÔ
 MAI
 PHƯƠNG
 TẠI
 MOON.VN
 

2
 


TÀI
 LIỆU
 ÔN
 TẬP
 PHẦN
 BIẾN
 ĐỐI
 CÂU
 –
 SENTENCE
 TRANSFORMATION
 –
 CÔ
 MAI
 PHƯƠNG
 <3
 

IT + BE + ADJ + G
HOW + ADJ + (IT + BE) + TO_INF
To sit here with you is so nice. → It’s so nice to sit here with you.
→ It’s so nice sitting here with you. → How nice (it is) to sit here with you.
(Ngồi đây với bạn thật tuyệt)
TO_INF ...+ BE + ADJ/N →
S + V + IT + ADJ/N + TO_INF
To be there on time is important. → I find it important to be there on time.
(Tôi nhận thấy có mặt ở đó đúng giờ thì rất quan trọng)
Living on my salary must be hard
--> I find it hard to live on my salary
(Tôi thấy khó sống dựa trên lương của mình)
THAT CLAUSE + BE + ADJ
→ S + V + IT + ADJ + THAT CLAUSE
That we should keep calm is important → I think it important that we should keep calm.
(Quan trọng là chúng ta phải giữ bình tĩnh)
TOO + ADJ + FOR...+ TO_INF



...SO + ADJ + THAT
...SUCH + (A + ADJ) + N + THAT
The tea was too hot for me to drink. (Trà nóng quá tôi không thể uống)
→ The tea was so hot that I couldn’t drink it. (Trà nóng đến nỗi tôi không thể uống được)
→ It was such hot tea that I couldn’t drink it. (Đõ là một tách trà nóng đến nỗi tôi k thể uống đc)
It is time for S.b to do S.th = it's time that S.b did smth
eg: It's very high time for you to go now.
--> It's very high time that you went now.
(Lưu ý đôi khi nếu gặp IT WAS TIME thì vế đằng sau các em phải chia thành had done – lùi
1 thì phải ko nào?)
ADJ + ENOUGH + FOR ...TO_INF



...SO + ADJ + THAT
...SUCH + (A + ADJ) + N + THAT

This song is simple enough for all of us to sing. (Bài hát này đủ đơn giản để tất cả chúng ta hát)
→ This song is so simple that all of us can sing it.
(Bài hát này đơn giản đến nỗi tất cả chúng ta đều hát được)
→ It is such a simple song that all of us can sing it.
...SO + ADJ + THAT

TOO + ADJ + FOR...+ TO_INF
...SUCH + (A + ADJ) + N + THAT
ADJ + ENOUGH + FOR ...TO_INF
The jacket is so small that I can’t wear it. → The jacket is too small for me to wear.
So + adj + that (clause)
Such + (a/an adj) noun + that (clause)
eg: The box was so heavy that the children couldn’t carry it
--> It was such a heavy box that the children couldn’t carry it
TOO + ADJ + FOR...+ TO_INF ↔
ADJ + ENOUGH + FOR ...TO_INF
The tea was too hot for her to drink. ↔ The tea was not cold enough for her to drink.
...SO + ADJ + THAT
↔ ...SUCH + (A + ADJ) + N + THAT
It is such lovely weather that we spend the whole day in the garden.
→ The weather is so lovely that we spend the whole day in the garden.
HỌC
 TIẾNG
 ANH
 CÙNG
 CÔ
 MAI
 PHƯƠNG
 TẠI
 MOON.VN
 

3
 


TÀI
 LIỆU
 ÔN
 TẬP
 PHẦN
 BIẾN
 ĐỐI
 CÂU
 –
 SENTENCE
 TRANSFORMATION
 –
 CÔ
 MAI
 PHƯƠNG
 <3
 

Lưu ý đôi khi còn có thể gặp đảo ngữ:
à So lovely is the weather that we spend the whole day in the garden.
ALTHOUGH/THOUGH + CLAUSE ... (Mặc dù.....nhưng....)
↔ DESPITE/ IN SPITE OF + N/V_ing/THE FACT THAT + CLAUSE
Although his leg was broken, he managed to get out of his car.
→ In spite of/ Despite his broken leg/ his leg being broken, he managed to get out of his car.
→ In spite of/ Despite the fact that his leg was broken, he managed to get out of his car.
(Dù chân gãy nhưng anh ấy vẫn ra được khỏi xe)
In spite of being tired, they stayed until they found out what happened
--> Although they were very tired, they ……
BECAUSE + CLAUSE

BECAUSE OF + (ADJ) + N
(Bởi vì....)
Because she behaves well, everybody loves her.
↔ Because of her good behaviour, everybody loves her.
IF..................NOT.......... = UNLESS................. (Nếu không.....thì/ Trừ phi.........)
He’ll die if nobody brings him to hospital. ↔ Unless somebody brings him to hosital, he’ll die.
(Anh ấy sẽ chết nếu không có ai đưa tới bệnh viện/ Trừ phi có người đưa anh ấy đến bệnh viện, anh
ấy sẽ chết)
REAL PAST SITUATION

IF + PAST PERFECT
(điều kiện có thật ở quá khứ)
(câu điều kiện loại 3)
We didn’t go on holiday because we didn’t have enough money.
↔ If we had had enough money, we would/could have gone on holiday.
Mẹo: Tình huống được đưa ra ở hiện tại, kết quả ở hiện tại/tương lai thì chuyển sang ĐIỀU KIỆN
LOẠI 2. Tình huống đưa ra ở quá khứ, kết quả ở quá khứ thì chuyển sang ĐIỀU KIỆN LOẠI 3.
Cũng có thể gặp dạng CÂU ĐIỀU KIỆN TRỘN nếu tình huống đưa ra ở quá khứ và kết quả ở hiện
tại.
a) I can't see the play because it is solded out
--> If the play weren’t solded out, I could see it.
(nếu vở kịch ko bị bán hết vé (hiện tại), tôi có thể xem nó.
(IF ONLY/I WISH the play weren’t sold out) b) We didn’t go on holiday because we didn’t have
enough money
-> If we had had enough money, we would have gone on holiday
(Nếu chúng tôi đã có đủ tiền, chúng tôi đã có thể đi nghỉ mát)
PAST
SITUATION ↔ WISH
+
HAD + PP
FUTURE
WOULD + INF
(Điều kiện có thật ở hiện tại/quá khứ/ tương lai ---> ước..........)
I am sorry that I didn’t go to the library last Sunday.
(Tôi tiếc không đi tới thư viện chủ nhật trước)
↔ I wish that I had gone to the party last Sunday. (Tôi ước chủ nhật trước đã không đi tới thư viện)
S + PRESENT PERFECT...
I haven’t seen her for three weeks.




IT IS + TIME....SINCE + SIMPLE PAST
It’s three weeks since I last saw her.

S + V (present perfect) + time
It is + time + since + clause (V-simple past)
a) Tom and Mary have been married for 5 years
à It is 5 years since Tom and Mary got married
b) I haven’t seen my parents for one month
HỌC
 TIẾNG
 ANH
 CÙNG
 CÔ
 MAI
 PHƯƠNG
 TẠI
 MOON.VN
 

4
 


TÀI
 LIỆU
 ÔN
 TẬP
 PHẦN
 BIẾN
 ĐỐI
 CÂU
 –
 SENTENCE
 TRANSFORMATION
 –
 CÔ
 MAI
 PHƯƠNG
 <3
 

à It's one month since I last saw my parents
S + HAVEN’T + PP...

I haven’t seen that man here before. ↔

...FIRST TIME + S + HAVE + PP
It’s the first time I have seen that man here.

S + SIMPLE PAST ....AGO.

S + HAVE BEEN + V_ing + SINCE/FOR....
I started working for the company a year ago.
↔ I’ve been working for the company for a year.
↔ I’ve been working for the company since last year.
S + HAVEN’T + PP....SINCE...... ↔

S + LAST + SIMPLE PAST...WHEN...
THE LAST TIME.........WAS.....
Laurence hasn’t seen her sister since she left for Japan.
(Laurence đã không gặp chị cô ấy từ khi đi học ở Nhật Bản)
↔ Laurence last saw her sister when she left for Japan.
(Laurence gặp chị cô ấy lần cuối cùng khi cô ấy đi học ở Nhật Bản)
Lucy hasn’t worn that dress since Barbara’s wedding.
(Kể từ khi Barbara cưới, Lucy đã không mặc chiếc áo đó nữa)
↔ The last time Lucy wore that dress was Barbara’s wedding.
(Lần cuối cùng khi Lucy mặc chiếc áo đó là khi cưới Barbara)
S + V...TIME...

IT + TAKE + (O) + TIME + TO_INF
I spend thirty minutes a day studying/ to study English.
(Mỗi ngày tôi dành 30 phút học Tiếng Anh)
↔ It takes me 30 minutes a day to study English.
We wrote a letter in two hours.
↔ It took us two hours to write a letter.
S + V + NOT.........UNTIL.........

IT WAS NOT UNTIL........THAT.....
(Mãi cho đến................mới..............)
He couldn’t speak French well until the second year.
↔ It was not until the second year that he could speak French well.
(Mãi đến năm thứ 2 anh ấy mới nói tiếng Pháp giỏi)
S+V+O

HAVE + O(sb) + INF/ HAVE + O(st) + PP
The garage is going to repair the car for us next week.
(Garage sẽ sửa xe cho chúng tôi vào tuần sau)
↔ We are going to have our car repaired next week.
(Tuần sau chúng tôi sẽ nhờ người sửa xe)
(get smb to do smth = have smb do smth ; thể bị động truyền khiến đều là HAVE/GET SMTH
DONE)
NGOÀI RA CÓ THỂ GẶP DẠNG CHUYỂN ĐỔI CÂU TỪ CHỦ ĐỘNG SANG BỊ ĐỘNG
THÔNG THƯỜNG (CÁC EM TỰ ÔN TẬP LẠI NHÉ)
BỊ ĐỘNG ĐẶC BIỆT:
SOMEONE
PEOPLE

+

SAY
KNOW

+ THAT..........

HỌC
 TIẾNG
 ANH
 CÙNG
 CÔ
 MAI
 PHƯƠNG
 TẠI
 MOON.VN
 

5
 


TÀI
 LIỆU
 ÔN
 TẬP
 PHẦN
 BIẾN
 ĐỐI
 CÂU
 –
 SENTENCE
 TRANSFORMATION
 –
 CÔ
 MAI
 PHƯƠNG
 <3
 

THEY

THINK
FIND
RUMOUR
BELIEVE
↔ IT + BE + PP + THAT........ = S2 + BE + PP1 + TO_INF/ TO HAVE + PP2
Chú ý:
- Động từ Tobe chia theo thì của động từ giới thiệu (say, know...)
- PP1: là hình thức quá khứ phân từ của động từ giới thiệu.
- PP2 là hình thức quá khứ phân từ của động từ nằm trong mệnh đề sau THAT
They say that he speaks English well.
↔ It is said that he speaks English well.
↔ He is said to speak English well.
People rumoured that he (had) died in the battle.
↔ It was rumoured that he (had) died in battle.
↔ He was rumoured to have died in battle.
NOT SO/AS + ADJ/ ADV + AS... ↔

ADJ/ADV + ER
+
THAN
MORE + ADJ/ADV
I can’t cook as well as my mother does. ↔ My mother cooks better than I do/I can/me
(Tôi không nấu ăn giỏi như mẹ tôi).
(Mẹ tôi nấu ăn giỏi hơn tôi)
I don’t know so much about it as she does. ↔ She knows a lot more about it than I do.
ADJ/ADV + ER
+
THAN

THE + ADJ/ADV + EST
MORE + ADJ/ADV
MOST + ADJ/ADV
This novel is more interesting than any other novel that I have ever read.
(Quyển tiểu thuyết này hay hơn bất cứ cuốn tiểu thuyết nào mà tôi đã từng đọc)
↔ This is the most interesting novel I have ever read.
(Đây là quyển tiểu thuyết hay nhất tôi đã từng đọc)
Have you got a cheaper carpet than this?
↔ Is this the cheapest carpet you’ve got?
No one in the group is younger than her
--> She’s the youngest in the group
(Không ai trẻ hơn à Cô ấy là người trẻ nhất)
Lưu ý cả cấu trúc so sánh kép: The + comparative + S + V, The + comparative + S + V,
As I get older, I want to travel less
--> The older I get, the less I want to travel
...NO SOONER...THAN

...HARDLY/ONLY JUST...WHEN....
NO SOONER...THAN...
HARDLY/SCARELY...WHEN...
He had hardly left the office when the phone rang.
↔ No sooner had he left the office than the phone rang.
I had only just put the phone down when the boss rang back.
↔ Hardly had I put the phone down when the boss rang back.
V + NOT...+ V + NOT.....(EITHER)

NEITHER....NOR...
(...không....cũng không...)
My sister is not very in telligent. I am not very intelligent.
(Chị tôi không thông minh lắm. Tôi không thông minh lắm)
HỌC
 TIẾNG
 ANH
 CÙNG
 CÔ
 MAI
 PHƯƠNG
 TẠI
 MOON.VN
 

6
 


TÀI
 LIỆU
 ÔN
 TẬP
 PHẦN
 BIẾN
 ĐỐI
 CÂU
 –
 SENTENCE
 TRANSFORMATION
 –
 CÔ
 MAI
 PHƯƠNG
 <3
 

↔ Neither my sister nor I am very intelligent./ Neither I nor my sister is very intelligent.
(Cả chị tôi và tôi đều không thông minh lắm)
The moon doesn’t have an atmosphere; the planet Mars doesn’t either.
↔ Neither the moon nor the planet Mars has an atmosphere.
He didn’t know where John was and I didn’t either.
↔ Neither he nor I knew where John was. ↔ Neither of us knew where John was.
“WHY DON’T YOU + V...?”

S + SUGGESTED THAT.....
(Gợi ý ai làm gì?)
“Why don’t you put a better lock on the door, John?” Jane said.
↔ Jane suggested that John (should) put a better lock on the door.
S+
PAST SIMPLE....

V_ing...
DIDN’T.......
NOT + V_ing...
HAD + PP...
HAVING + PP...
(Rút gọn thành cụm hiện tại phân từ)
The mother smiled happily. She took the baby in her arms.
↔ Smiling hapily, the mother took the baby in her arms.
Because he didn’t know the language, he found it hard to get work.
↔ Not knowing the language, he found it hard to get work.
Mr. Brown had failed twice, so he didn’t want to try again.
↔ Having failed twice, Mr. Brown didn’t want to try again.
CÂU TRỰC TIẾP – GIÁN TIẾP (TỰ HỌC LẠI LÝ THUYẾT CHUẨN PHẦN NÀY CÁC
EM NHÉ) VD:
A) Tom ask me, “what’s her name ?”
à Tom ask me what her name was
b) she said: “are you hungry,Tom ?”
à she asked Tom if he was hungry
c) Mary said to Tom “open the door, please”
à Mary asked Tom to open the door
d) he said to them : “Don’t be late tomorrow “
à He told them not to be late the following day.
ADJECTIVES ↔ VERBS
It isn’t necessary for you to finish by Saturday.
↔ You needn’t finish/ don’t need to fiish by Saturday.
(Bạn không cần hoàn thành trước thứ 7)
It is impossible for roses to be grown in such poor ground.
↔ Roses can’t posibly grow in such poor ground.
(Không thể trồng hoa ở đất cằn cỗi này)
VERBS ↔ NOUNS
He decided to leave home. ↔ He made a decision to leave home.
(Anh ấy quyết định đi khỏi nhà)
I didn’t intend to stay here. ↔ I had no intention of staying here.
(Tôi không định ở đây)
The patient recovered more rapidly than expected.
↔ The patient made a more rapid recovery than expected.
(Bệnh nhân phục hồi nhanh chóng hơn mong đợi)
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7
 


TÀI
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 ÔN
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 ĐỐI
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 TRANSFORMATION
 –
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The two girls exchanged English lessons.
↔ There was an exchange of English lessons between two girls.
CLAUSE ↔ GERUND_PHRASE
(Mệnh đề --> cụm danh động từ)
She laughed but she did not reply. ↔ She laughed without reply.
(Cô ấy cười nhưng không đáp lại). (Cô ấy cười mà không đáp lại)
She didn’t say a word as she left the room. ↔ She left the room without saying a word.
(Cô ấy khôn nói lời nào khi rời khỏi phòng). (Cô ấy rời khỏi phòng mà không nói câu nào)
SIMPLE SENTENCES ↔ COMPLEX SENTENCES.
(Câu đơn --> Câu phức)
The owners of newspapers are usually very rich.
↔ The people who owns newspapers are usually very rich.
Alice eats very little so as not to put on weight.
↔ Alice eats very little because she wants to lose weight.
After four years abroad, Mr. Brown returned home as an excellent engineer.
↔ After Mr. Brown had studied/ lived 4 years abroad, he returned home as an excellent engineer.
ĐẢO NGỮ
1. Đảo ngữ với NO và NOT
No + N + Auxiliary + S + Verb (inf)
Not any + N + Auxiliary + S + Verb (inf)
EX: No money shall I lend you from now on.
(= Not any money shall I lend you from now on.)
2. Đảo ngữ với các trạng từ phủ định: Never, Rarely, Seldom, Little, Hardly ever,…..
Never/ Rarely/ Seldom /Little/ Hardly ever + Auxiliary + S + V Never in Mid-summer does it snow.
Hardly ever does he speak in the public.
3. Đảo ngữ với ONLY
Only once
Only later Only in this way Only in that way Only then + Auxiliary + S + V Only after + N Only by
V_ing/ N Only when + clause Only with + N Only if+ clause Only in adv of time/ place
EX: Only once did I meet her.
Only after all guests had gone home could we relax.
Only when I understand her did I like her.
Only by practising English every day can you speak it fluently.
4. Đảo ngữ với các cụm từ có No
At no time On no condition On no account + Auxiliary + S + N Under/ in no circumstances For no
reason In no way No longer
EX: For no reason shall you play truant. The money is not to be paid under any circumstances. (=
Under no circumsstances is the money tobe paid.)
On no condition shall we accept their proposal.
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8
 


TÀI
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 TRANSFORMATION
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 <3
 

5. No sooner………. than…..
Hardly/ Bearly/ Scarely…….. When/ before
EX: No sooner had I arrived home than the telephone rang.
Hardly had she put up her umbrella before the rain becam down in torrents.
6. Đảo ngữ với Not only……. but……also…
Not only + Auxiliary + S + V but…. also………. Not only is he good at English but he also
draws very well.
Not only does he sing well but he also plays musical instruments perfectly.
7. Đảo ngữ với SO
So + Adj/ Adv + Auxiliary + S + V + that-clause (mệnh đề danh từ)
So dark is it that I can’t write.
So busy am I that I don’t have time to look after myself.
So difficult was the exam that few student pass it.
So attractive is she that many boys run after her.
8. So + adjective + be + N + clause
So intelligent is that she can answer all questions in the interview.
9. Đảo ngữ với until/ till + clause/ Adv of time + Auxiliary + S + V
EX: I won’t come home till 10 o’clock.
(=Not until/ till o’clock that I will come home.)
(= It is not until 10 o’clock that I will come home.)
I didn’t know that I had lost my key till I got home.
(= Not until/ till I got home did I know that I had lost my key.)
10. Đảo ngữ với No where + Aux (Trợ động từ) + S + V
No where in the Vietnam is the scenery as beautiful as that in my country.
No where do I feel as comfortable as I do at home.
No where can you buy the goods as good as those in my country.
11. Đảo ngữ với câu điều kiện
a. Câu điều kiện loại 1: If-clause = Should +S + INF…
Should she come late, she will miss the train.
Should he lend me some money, I will buy that house.
b. Câu điều kiện loại 2: If-clause = Were S + to-V/ Were + S…
If I were you, I would work harder = Were I you, I…….. If I knew her, I would invite her to the
party = Were I to know her, I……..
c. Câu điều kiện loại 3 : If-clause = Had + S + V--3
If my parents had encouraged me, I would have passed exam.
(= Had my parents encouraged me, I………..)
BIẾN ĐỔI CÂU LIÊN QUAN ĐẾN TO-V/ V-ING (CÁC CẤU TRÚC ĐẶC BIỆT)
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9
 


TÀI
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 ĐỐI
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 TRANSFORMATION
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S + V + người + (not) TO Inf.
Các động từ thường được sử dùng trong dạng này là :
invite (mời ), ask, tell, warn ( cảnh báo ), order ( ra lệnh ), beg ( van xin ), urge ( thúc hối) .....
Ví dụ :
"Would you like to go out with me." Said the man. => The man invited me to go out with him.
Nếu bảo ai không làm chuyện gì, thì đặt NOT trước to inf .
Don't stay up late ( đừng thức khuya nhé )
--> she reminded me not to stay up late ( cô ấy nhắc nhỡ tôi không thức khuya )
S + V + người + giới từ + Ving / N
Các động từ thường được sử dùng trong dạng này là :
Accuse sb of (buộc tội ai về....)
You've stolen my bicycle!
--> He accused me of having stolen his bicycle ( anh ta buộc tội tôi đã ăn cắp xe đạp của anh ta )
Prevent sb from (ngăn không cho ai làm gì )
Ví dụ: I can't let you use the phone
--> My mother prevented me from using the phone ( Mẹ tôi không cho tôi dùng điện thoại )
S + V + VING
Các động từ thường được sử dùng trong dạng này là :
Advise ( khuyên ) , suggest ( đề nghị ), Admit ( thú nhận ), deny (chối) ....
* Suggest:
Eg:
1. “Shall we go for a swim now?”
à She suggested going for a swim then.
2. “What about playing tennis?”
à He suggested playing tennis.
* Admit:
Eg:
1. “I know I am wrong”
à He admited being wrong.
2. “I’ve broken the mirror”
àHe admited breaking the mirror.
* Insist on:
Eg:
1. “I really need a break after lunch”
à The boy insisted on having a break after lunch.
2. “Please come on! Lend me some money”
à The woman insisted on lending her some money.
* Apologize for:
Eg:
1. “Sorry! I’ve hurt you”
à He apologized for hurting me.
2. “Sorry I’m late”
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10
 


TÀI
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à She apologized for being late.
(lưu ý apologize to smth for doing smth)
Ngoài ra còn có
Blame sb for (doing) sth : đổ lỗi ai chuyện gì
Blame sth on sb : đổ lỗi chyện gì cho ai
Warn sb against sth : cảnh báo ai về chuyện gì
Congratulate sb on sth : chúc mừng ai về chuyện gì
S + V + to Inf.
Các động từ thường được sử dùng trong dạng này là :
promise (hứa), agree ( đồng ý ), threaten ( đe dọa), propose ( có ý định ), offer ( đề nghị giúp ai) ,
refuse (từ chối) ...
Ví dụ:
- He said, “ I will kill you if you don’t do that”
=> He threatened to kill me if I did not do that.
- we'll visit you ( chúng tôi sẽ thăm bạn )
--> she promised to visit us ( cô ấy hứa thăm chúng tôi )
- let me give you a hand
--> he offered to give me a hand ( anh ấy đề nghị được giúp tôi một tay )
III/ MỘT SỐ BÀI LUYỆN TẬP BIẾN ĐỔI CÂU (CÔ MAI PHƯƠNG ST)
1. SENTENCE TRANSFORMATION
1. “ Why don’t you put better lock on the door,Barbara”? said John
--> John suggested..................................................................................................
2. Although his both legs were broken in the crash, he managed to get out of the car before it
exploded.
--> Despite his........................................................................................................
3. I haven’t eaten this kind of food before.
--> This is the first............................................................................................
4. After fighting the fire for 12 hours the firemen succeeded in putting it out
.-->The firemen manged.....................................................................................
5. The architect has drawn plans for an extentionto the house.
-->Plans...............................................................................................................
6. In Staford-on-Avon we saw Shakespeare’s birthplace
.-->We saw the house........................................................................................
7. It isn’t necessary for you to finish by Saturday
.-->You..................................................................................................................
8. “ How many survivors are there?”, asked the journalist.
--> the journalist wanted to know........................................................................
9. It was such rotten meat that it had to be thrown away.
=>The meat was.................................................................
10. It is essential that Profesor Van Helsing is met at the airport
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11
 


TÀI
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.=> Profesor Van Helsing...... ..........................................................................
11. You can’t visit the USA unless you get a visa.
=>If you.................................................................
12. “ Can I borrow your typewriter,Janet”? asked Peter.
=>Peter asked if.... ...................................................................
13. She started working as a secretary five years ago.
=>She has....... .......................................................................
14. She knows a lot more about it than I do.
=>I don’t know............ ...................................................................
15. My French friend finds driving on the left difficult
.=> My French friend isn’t............................................................................
16. They think the owner of the house is abroad.
=>The owner................. ....................................................................
17. We didn’t go on holiday because we did not have enough money
.=>If we............................ .....................................................................
18. The children couldn’t go swimming because the sea was rough.=>The sea was too..
................................................................................................
19. What a pity you failed your driving test.=> I wish..................
20. The mechanic seviced my car last week
.=> I............................................................................................
21. I’m always nervous when I travel by air.
=> Travelling............ ............................................................................................
22. He couldn’t efford to buy the car,
=>The car............... ............................................................................................
23. “Why don’t you put your luggage under the seat?” he asked
=>He suggested......................................
24. Although he had a good salary, he was unhappy in his job.
=> In spite of............................................................................................
25. I’m sorry I missed your birthday party
.=>I wish.........................
26. They haven’t cleaned the streets this week.
=>The streets................
27. Apples are usually cheaper than oranges.
=>Apple are not...................
28. I advice you to put your money in the bank.
=>You’d........................
29. That restaurant is so dirty that no one wants to eat there.
=> It is such.........................................
30. He was annoyed because his secretary came late ti work.
=>He objected.... .............................................................................................
31. I’ll pick the children up if you like.
=>Would you.....................................
32. He objected to the fact that his secretary came to work late
.=>He was annoyed...............................
33. Tom is the most industious pupil.
=> No other pupil.................
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12
 


TÀI
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 ÔN
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 ĐỐI
 CÂU
 –
 SENTENCE
 TRANSFORMATION
 –
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34. When did they buy the house?
=> How long is it ................
35. She isn’t accustomed to life in London
.=>She’s not used to.......................
36. “Don’t forget to phone the office,”she told him.
=>She reminded...................
37. I’m afraid I haven’t got time to listen to you.
=>I wish.........................
38. The police has just released John.
=>John.............. ............................................................................................
39. I couldn’t hear them because they were speaking too softly
.=> They were speaking.........
40. We spent 5 hours getting to London.
=>It took........
41. I get to work in 20 minutes.
=>It ..................
42. It is necessary that this work be finished by Monday.
=>This work........
43. It’s a pity I didn’t take my doctor’s advice.
=>I wish...............
44. The bread is so tale we can’t eat it.
=> The bread isn’t..........
45. Who does this bag belong to?
=? Whose........
46. My boyfriend is very short-tempered.
=>My boyfriend loses..........
47. You can use it as long as you like, and it won’t wear out.
=>No matter........ ............................................................................................
48. If the work is finished by lunchtime you can go home.
=>Get......... ............................................................................................
49. How have you been getting on with your enquiries?
=>How much............
50. I gave Ted the massage, but he already knew about it
.=>I needn’t.........
51. The trains couldn’t run because of the snow.
The snow………………………………………………………………
52. I didn’t arrived in time to see him.
I wasn’t early………………………………………………………….
53. I’m sorry I was rude to you yesterday.
I apologise……………………………………………………………..
54. She didn’t hurry, so she missed the train.
If……………………………………………………………………….
55. Barbara is the best tennis-player in the club.
No one…………………………………………………………………
56. I haven’t seen that man here before.
It’s……………………………………………………………………..
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13
 


TÀI
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 ĐỐI
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 –
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 TRANSFORMATION
 –
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57. The furniture was so expensive that I didn’t buy it.
The furniture was too………………………………………………….
58. The robbers made the bank manager hand over on the money.
The bank manager……………………………………………………..
59. Tom learned to drive when he was nineteen.
Tom has………………………………………………………………..
60. She had never been so unhappy before.
She was unhappier……………………………………………………..
61. It was so late that nothing could be done.
It was too……………………………………………………………...
62. I asked the hotel porter to wake me at 8 o’clock the following morning.
“Please………………………………………………………………...
63. They’ll have to change the date of the meeting again.
The date……………………………………………………………….
64. The garage is going to repair the car for us next week.
We are going ………………………………………………………….
65. The bus take s longer than the train.
The train……………………………………………………………….
66. John has not had his hair cut for over six months.
It is……………………………………………………………………..
67. Maria says she’d like to have been put in a higher class.
Maria wishes…………………………………………………………..
68. Would you like me to finish the work tonight?
I’ll……………………………………………………………………...
69. You may get hungry on the train, so take some sandwiches.
In……………………………………………………………………….
70. My husband didn’t leave the car keys, so I couldn’t pick him up at the station.
If my husband…………………………………………………………..
71. “I don’t think John will come”, said Bill
Bill doubted……………………………………………………………..
72. The postman was bitten by our dog.
Our dog………………………………………………………………….
73. We couldn’t drive because of the fog.
The fog prevented……………………………………………………….
74. Although his leg was broken he managed to get out of the car.
In spite…………………………………………………………………..
75. The cake was so hard so I couldn’t cat it.
It was…………………………………………………………………….
76. We didn’t go because it rained.
If it hadn’t………………………………………………………………..
77. I can’t cook as well as my mother does.
My mother………………………………………………………………...
78. I don’t suppose you have change for a pound, do you?
Do you happen……………………………………………………………
79. He failed to win the race.
He didn’t………………………………………………………………….
80. Mary rang hours and hourd ago.
It’s hours………………………………………………………………….
81. I’m sorry that I didn’t finish my homework last night.
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14
 


TÀI
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 ÔN
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 ĐỐI
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 –
 SENTENCE
 TRANSFORMATION
 –
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 PHƯƠNG
 <3
 

I wish……………………………………………………………………..
82. She asked Michael how she liked her new dress.
“How……………………………………………………………………..
83. A train leaves at 8 o’clock every morning.
There is…………………………………………………………………..
84. Nobody can deny that she has a beautiful voice.
It…………………………………………………………………………
85. I would like you t help me to put the chairs away.
Do you mind…………………………………………………………….
86. The child will die if nobody sends for a doctor.
Unless……………………………………………………………………
87. He would prefer you to pay him immediately.
He’d rather………………………………………………………………
88. The water was so cold that the children couldn’t swim in it.
The water was not.....................................................................................
89. Somebody repaired her car yesterday.
She............................................................................................................
90. You must see the manager tomorrow morning.
You’ve.......................................................................................................
91. There was never any answers when we rang.
Every.........................................................................................................
92. That’s an insulting name to use for him.
Don’t call..................................................................................................
93. John asked if it was the blue one or the green she wanted.
Which........................................................................................................
94. She liked Paris very little, and Rome less.
She thought Rome.....................................................................................
95. I can meet you if you arrive before eleven.
So..............................................................................................................
96. They will catch all the prisoners again by tonight.
All the prisoners........................................................................................
97. I’ve warned you not go to near that dog.
I’ve warned you about..............................................................................
98. No, please don’t tell him.
I’d rather....................................................................................................
99. Why don’t asked her yourself?
I suggest.....................................................................................................
100. An up-to-date visa is necessary for Andorra.
You’ll.........................................................................................................
ANSWER KEY:
1.John suggested that Barry should put a better lock on the door
2.Despite his both broken legs, he managed to...................
3......time I have eaten this kind of food
4...............to put out the fire after fighting it for 12 hours
5....have been drawn up for na extension ..........
6...........in Straford-on-Avon in which S was born
7.You don’t have to finish..........
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15
 


TÀI
 LIỆU
 ÔN
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 BIẾN
 ĐỐI
 CÂU
 –
 SENTENCE
 TRANSFORMATION
 –
 CÔ
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 PHƯƠNG
 <3
 

8..................the number of the survivors there were.
9........so rotten that it had to be thrown away.
10........must be met at the airport.
11..don’t have a visa you can’t ............
12.........if he could borrow J’s typewriter
13.....been working as a ........for 5 years
14............so much about it as she does
15................used to driving on the left
16............of the house is thought to be abroad
17,If we had enough money we would have gone on holiday
18.........was too rough for the children to ................
19........you had passed your............
20. I got my car serviced .........
21..........by air always makes me ........
22.........was too expensive for him to buy
23........that I should put my ...............
24......of earning a good salary he was unhappy...........
25.........I had gone to your.........
26.............haven’t been cleaned this week
27.........usually as expensive as ..........
28.You’d better put your money in the bank
29..............a dirty restaurant that no one wants to eat there.
30.He objected to his secretary coming late to work
31......mind if I pick up ...........
33................becase his secretary came to..............
34...................pupil is as industrious as Tom
35.............is it since they bought the house
36......................him to phone tho office
37.........................I had time to listen to you
38.J has just been released by the police
39.................too softly for me to hear
40.It took us 5 hours to get to Lndon
41.It takes me 20 m to get to work
42...........must be finished by Monday
43.........I had taken my doctor’s advice
44.........isn’t fresh enough to eat
45.........is this bag
46....................his temper very easily
47.......how long you use it , it won’t wear out
48.Get the work finished by lunchtime and you can go home
49.............progress have you made with your enquiries?
50.I needn’t have given Ted the massage, because he already knew about it.
51.The sow prevented the trains from running
52.I wasn’t early enough to see him
53.I apologise for being rude to you yesterday
54.If she had hurried, she would have caught the train
55.No one in the club is better at tennis than B.
56.It’s the first time I have seen that man
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16
 


TÀI
 LIỆU
 ÔN
 TẬP
 PHẦN
 BIẾN
 ĐỐI
 CÂU
 –
 SENTENCE
 TRANSFORMATION
 –
 CÔ
 MAI
 PHƯƠNG
 <3
 

57.The furniture was too expensive for me to buy
58.The bank manager was made to hand over the money
59. Tom has been able to drive since he was 19
60. She was unhappier than she had ever before
61. ...late to do anything
62. “ please wake me at 8 tomorrow morning”,I said to ..........
63. ...of the meeting will have to be changed
64. .......to have the car repaired
65. .....doesn’t take as long as the bus
66. It is over 6 m. since J had his hair cut
67. M wishes she had been put in a higheer class
68. I’ll finish the work tonight if you like
69. In case get hungry on the train yoou’d better take .....
70. ......has left the car keys, we could have picked him up at ......
71. ......if J. would come
72. ...........bit the postman
73. ...............us from driving
74. .......of having a broken leg, he manged to get out of the car
75. ..........such a hard cake that i couldn’t eat it
76. .......rained we would have gone
77. .........cooks better than me
78. ...........to have change for a pound
79. .......... win the race
80. ..........since Mary rang
81. .......I had finished my homework last night
82. “ How do you blike my dress, M?” she aasked
83. .....a train that leaves at 8.........
84. It can’t be denied that she has a beautiful voice
85. .........helping me to put the chair away
86. ......sbd sends for a doctor, the child will die
87. .........you paid him immediately
88. ..........warm enough for the children to swim in
89. She had someone repair her car
90. YOu ‘ve got to see the ................
91. Every time we rang there wasn’t any answer
92. Don’t call him that insulting name
93. “ Which one do you want, the blue or the green”,John asked
94. She thought Rome was even worse than Paris
95. So long as you arrive before 11, I can meet you
96. .....prisoners will be caught again by tonight
97. I’ve warned you about your going near the dog
98. .................you didn’t tell him
99. ..............you ask her youself
100.
You’ll need an up-to-date visa for Andorra.

HỌC
 TIẾNG
 ANH
 CÙNG
 CÔ
 MAI
 PHƯƠNG
 TẠI
 MOON.VN
 

17
 



 

 

BÀI
 TẬP VIẾT LẠI CÂU – CÔ MAI PHƯƠNG (ST)


 

 

SENTENCE
 TRANSFORMATION
 1
 

 
Exercise
 1:
 
 Rerwite
 the
 following
 sentences
 that
 keep
 the
 same
 meaning.
 
1.
 It
 isn’t
 necessary
 to
 finish
 the
 work
 to
 day.
 

 -­‐-­‐>
 You
 don’t
 ………………………………………………..………………………………..………………………..…..
 
2.
 Sally
 finally
 managed
 to
 get
 a
 job.
 
-­‐-­‐>
 Sally
 finally
 succeeded
 ……………………………..………………………………..……………………...…….
 
3.
 That’s
 the
 last
 time
 I
 go
 to
 that
 restaurant.
 
-­‐-­‐>
 I
 certainly…………………………...................................…..………………………………..……….......……………..
 
4.
 “I
 advise
 you
 to
 take
 a
 holiday,”
 the
 doctor
 continued.
 
-­‐-­‐>
 You’d
 ……………………………..………………………………..………………………................................................
 
5.
 If
 you
 don’t
 rest
 yourself
 you
 really
 will
 be
 ill.
 

 
-­‐-­‐>
 Unless
 ……………………………..………………………………..………………………………............................……..
 
6.
 I
 should
 like
 someone
 to
 take
 me
 out
 to
 dinner.
 
-­‐-­‐>
 What
 I
 should
 ……………………………..………………………………..………………………………......………..
 
7.
 Martin
 may
 not
 be
 very
 well
 but
 he
 still
 manages
 to
 enjoy
 life.
 
 
 
 
-­‐-­‐>
 Martin’s
 poor
 ……………………………..………………………………..……………………………...................…..
 
8.
 They’ll
 have
 to
 take
 the
 dog
 on
 holiday
 with
 them.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
-­‐-­‐>
 They
 can’t
 leave
 ……………………………..………………………………..………………………….......................
 
9.
 My
 aunt
 got
 heavily
 stressed
 because
 her
 marriage
 broke
 up.
 
-­‐-­‐>
 The
 break-­‐up
 of
 the
 marriage
 ……………………………..………………………………..……………………
 
10.
 I
 can’t
 believe
 that
 he
 passed
 the
 exam.
 
-­‐-­‐>
 
 I
 find……………………………..………………………………..…………………………....................................................
 
Exercise
 2:
 
 Rerwite
 the
 following
 sentences
 that
 keep
 the
 same
 meaning.
 
1.
 This
 is
 the
 fastest
 way
 to
 get
 to
 the
 city
 center.
 
à
 There
 …………………………................………….............................................…......................................……….....................……
 
2.
 If
 anyone
 succeeds
 in
 solving
 the
 problems,
 it
 will
 probably
 be
 him.
 
à
 
 He
 is
 the
 most
 …………................………….............................................…......................................……….....................……
 
3.
 We
 arrived
 too
 late
 to
 see
 the
 first
 film.
 
à
 We
 didn’t
 …………................………….............................................…......................................……….....................……..........
 
4.
 “Would
 you
 mind
 not
 smoking
 in
 here?”
 
à
 I’d
 rather
 ……................………….............................................…......................................……….....................……...................
 
5.
 He
 wrote
 the
 letter
 in
 two
 hours.
 
à
 It
 took
 
 ……................………….............................................…......................................……….....................…….........................
 
6.
 “Why
 don’t
 we
 go
 out
 for
 a
 walk?”
 
My
 father
 suggested
 
 ……................………….............................................…......................................………...........................
 
7.
 In
 spite
 of
 his
 age,
 Mr.
 Benson
 runs
 8
 miles
 before
 breakfast.
 
à
 Though
 
 ……................………….............................................…......................................……….....................…….....................
 
8.
 I
 was
 very
 interested
 in
 our
 conversation.
 
à
 It
 was
 interesting
 
 ……................………….............................................…......................................……….....................
 
9.
 
 Why
 did
 you
 do
 that
 ?
 
1



 

 

BÀI
 TẬP VIẾT LẠI CÂU – CÔ MAI PHƯƠNG (ST)


 

 

à
 Whatever
 
 ……................………….............................................…......................................……….....................……...........?
 
10.
 
 These
 bookshelves
 are
 my
 own
 work.
 
à
 
 I
 made
 
 ……................………….............................................…......................................……….....................……...................
 
Exercise
 3:
 
 Rerwite
 the
 following
 sentences
 that
 keep
 the
 same
 meaning.
 
1.
 I
 don’t
 play
 tennis
 as
 well
 as
 you
 do.
 

 
 
 You
 …………………………………………………….………………………………….…………………………………………
 
2.
 I
 haven’t
 been
 to
 the
 dentist’s
 for
 two
 years.
 

 
 
 
 It’s
 …………………………………………………….………………………………….………………………………………….
 
 
3.
 Whenever
 she
 went
 to
 Paris
 she
 bought
 a
 new
 dress.
 

 
 
 
 She
 never
 …………………………………………………….………………………………….………………………………
 
4.
 I
 spent
 seven
 years
 at
 secondary
 school
 and
 then
 I
 went
 to
 university.
 

 
 
 
 After
 …………………………………………………….………………………………….………………………………………
 
5.
 It’s
 not
 worth
 living
 to
 make
 her
 change
 her
 mind.
 

 
 
 
 There’s
 …………………………………………………….………………………………….…………………………………
 
6.
 He
 said
 he
 was
 not
 guilty
 of
 stealing
 the
 car.
 
 

 
 
 
 He
 denied
 …………………………………………………….………………………………….………………………………
 
7.
 
 Is
 this
 the
 only
 way
 to
 reach
 the
 city
 centre?
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 Isn’t
 there
 …………………………………………………….………………………………….………………………………?
 
8.
 He
 never
 suspected
 that
 the
 money
 had
 been
 stolen.
 

 
 
 
 At
 no
 time
 …………………………………………………….………………………………….………………………..………
 
9.
 
 It’s
 my
 opinion
 that
 you
 should
 take
 more
 exersise.
 
 
 

 
 
 
 If
 I…………………………………………………….………………………………….…………………………………………......
 
10.
 I
 was
 going
 to
 leave,
 but
 because
 of
 what
 he
 said,
 I
 didn’t.
 
 
 

 
 
 
 She
 persuaded
 …………………………………………………….………………………………….…………………………..
 
Exercise
 4:
 
 Rerwite
 the
 following
 sentences
 that
 keep
 the
 same
 meaning.
 
1.
 He
 was
 very
 sorry
 that
 he
 didn’t
 see
 Andrey
 on
 her
 trip
 to
 London.
 
 
 

 
 
 
 He
 greatly
 regretted…………………………………………………………...................
 
2.
 It’s
 thought
 that
 the
 accident
 was
 caused
 by
 human
 error.
 
 

 
 
 
 The
 accident
 is
 …………………………………………..…………………....................
 
3.
 “Will
 you
 be
 visiting
 the
 Taj
 Mahal
 when
 you
 go
 to
 India?”
 he
 asked
 Elizabeth.
 
 
 

 
 
 
 He
 asked
 ……………………………………………………………………...................
 
4.
 “Ithink
 you
 should
 try
 the
 chicken
 Marengo,”
 said
 the
 waiter.
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 The
 waiter
 recommended
 …………………………………………………..
 ..................
 
5.
 This
 is
 the
 most
 delicious
 cake
 I
 have
 ever
 tasted.
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 I
 have
 …………………………………………………………………………...….
 ......
 
Exercise
 5:
 
 Rerwite
 the
 following
 sentences
 that
 keep
 the
 same
 meaning.
 
1. The
 questions
 are
 so
 easy
 that
 everyone
 can
 answer
 them.
 
 
They’re
 such
 ……………………………………………………………………………………
 
2. The
 boy
 will
 receive
 some
 money
 to
 continue
 his
 study.
 His
 parents
 died
 in
 a
 traffic
 
accident
 
The
 boy
 whose
 ………………………………....................................................………………
 
3. They
 are
 producing
 motorbikes
 in
 Vietnam.
 
 
2



 

 

BÀI
 TẬP VIẾT LẠI CÂU – CÔ MAI PHƯƠNG (ST)


 

 

Motorbikes
 are
 ………………………………………………………………………………….
 
4. I
 wasn’t
 there
 yesterday,
 so
 I
 didn’t
 know
 who
 he
 was.
 
If
 I
 ………………………………………………………………………………………………
 
5. If
 you
 do
 not
 try
 hard,
 you
 can’t
 pass
 the
 examination.
 
 
Unless
 ……………………………………………………………………………………………
 
6. They
 spent
 more
 money,
 they
 had
 to
 work
 harder.
 
 
The
 more
 ………………………………………………………………………………………..
 
7. People
 thought
 that
 the
 cover
 was
 made
 of
 iron.
 
The
 cover
 ……………………………………………………………………………………….
 
8. He
 went
 to
 London.
 He
 had
 lived
 there
 when
 he
 was
 a
 boy.
 
 
He
 went
 to
 London
 where
 ……………………………………………………………………….
 
9. Jane
 was
 absent
 from
 class
 because
 of
 her
 sickness.
 
 
Because
 Jane
 was
 ………………………………………………………………………………..
 
10. The
 package
 was
 too
 heavy
 for
 Peter
 to
 carry.
 
The
 package
 was
 so
 ………………………………………………………………………………
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Exercise
 6:
 
 Rerwite
 the
 following
 sentences
 that
 keep
 the
 same
 meaning.
 
1.
 You
 should
 take
 the
 train
 instead
 of
 the
 bus.
 
-­‐-­‐>
 If
 …………………………………………………………………………..…………...
 
2.
 I’m
 sure
 that
 someone
 forgot
 to
 lock
 the
 door.
 
-­‐-­‐>
 Someone
 must
 ………………………………………………………..…...…………..
 
3.
 They
 bought
 this
 house
 ten
 years
 ago.
 
-­‐-­‐>
 They
 have
 …………………………………………………………………..…………
 
4.
 The
 course
 finished
 with
 a
 big
 party.
 
-­‐-­‐>
 At
 the
 end
 ………………………………………………………………..……………
 
5.
 We
 invited
 a
 pop
 star
 onto
 the
 chat
 show,
 but
 he
 didn’t
 turn
 up.
 
-­‐-­‐>
 The
 pop
 star
 ………………………………………………………………..…………
 
6.
 Although
 she
 said
 that
 she
 would
 come,
 I
 don’t
 think
 she
 ever
 will.
 
 
-­‐-­‐>
 Despite
 ……………………………………………………………....................……..
 
7.
 The
 plane
 had
 hardly
 left
 the
 airport
 when
 the
 accident
 happened.
 
-­‐-­‐>
 No
 sooner
 ………………………………………………………………..…………….
 
8.
 You
 feel
 tired
 now
 because
 you
 didn’t
 sleep
 very
 well
 last
 night.
 
-­‐-­‐>
 Had
 ………………………………………………………………………….….……..
 
9.
 When
 did
 you
 start
 the
 project?
 
-­‐-­‐>
 How
 long
 ……………………………………………………………..….…………...
 
10.
 Their
 wedding
 will
 be
 held
 in
 a
 lovely
 church.
 
-­‐-­‐>
 The
 church
 …………………………………………………………...…..…………...
 
Exercise
 7:
 
 Rerwite
 the
 following
 sentences
 that
 keep
 the
 same
 meaning.
 
1.
 My
 father
 used
 to
 play
 football
 when
 he
 was
 young.
 
@
 My
 father
 doesn’t
 ……………………………………………….............…...……………
 
2.
 Jane
 gave
 me
 a
 present
 on
 my
 last
 birthday.
 
@
 I
 was
 ……………………………………………………………................………………
 
3.
 “Let’s
 go
 swimming”
 
3



 

 

BÀI
 TẬP VIẾT LẠI CÂU – CÔ MAI PHƯƠNG (ST)


 

 

@
 She
 suggests
 ……………………………………………………………................………
 
4.
 “Would
 you
 like
 a
 cup
 of
 coffee?”
 
@
 He
 ……………………………………………………………………………...............…
 
5.
 We
 got
 lost
 in
 the
 jungle
 because
 we
 didn’t
 have
 a
 map.
 
@
 If
 we
 had
 ……………………………………………………………………................…
 
6.
 I
 last
 saw
 Bob
 when
 I
 was
 in
 Ho
 Chi
 Minh
 City.
 
@
 I
 haven’t
 seen
 ……………………………………………………………….................…
 
7.
 It
 is
 a
 three-­‐hour
 drive
 from
 Hanoi
 to
 Namdinh.
 
@
 It
 takes
 ……………………………………………………………………................…
 
8.
 It’s
 a
 pity
 you
 didn’t
 tell
 us
 about
 this.
 
@
 I
 wish
 ………………………………………………………………………….................
 
9.
 They
 think
 the
 owner
 of
 the
 house
 is
 abroad.
 
@
 The
 owner
 ……………………………………………………………………..................
 
10.
 The
 children
 couldn’t
 go
 swimming
 because
 the
 sea
 was
 very
 rough.
 
@
 The
 sea
 was
 too
 …………………………………………………………………...........
 
Exercise
 8:
 
 Rewrite
 each
 of
 the
 sentences,
 beginning
 as
 shown,
 so
 that
 the
 meaning
 
stays
 the
 same
 
1.
 When
 did
 you
 first
 know
 him?
 
à
 How
 ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
 
2.
 Their
 trip
 lasted
 three
 day.
 
à
 They
 had
 ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
 
3.
 It
 may
 rain
 hard
 this
 afternoon,
 so
 take
 the
 rain
 coat
 with
 you.
 
à
 In
 case
 ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………...…………
 
4.
 She
 had
 to
 do
 the
 washing
 up
 but
 she
 didn’t.
 
à
 She
 forgot……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
 
5.
 English
 id
 easy
 to
 learn.
 
à
 It
 ………………………………………………………………….………………………………………………………………………………
 
6.
 Don’t
 leave
 the
 lights
 on
 all
 night,
 you
 will
 waste
 electricity.
 
à
 If
 …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
 
7.
 The
 furniture
 was
 too
 old
 to
 keep.
 
à
 It
 was
 …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
 
8.
 Gary
 is
 the
 best
 guitarist
 in
 her
 class.
 
à
 No
 one
 else
 ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
 
9.
 Since
 the
 invention
 of
 computer,
 people
 have
 saved
 a
 lot
 of
 time.
 
à
 Since
 the
 computer
 was
 ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………
 
10.
 It’s
 necessary
 
 for
 
 everybody
 
 to
 
 clean
 
 up
 
 their
 neighborhood
 once
 a
 week.
 
à
 Everybody
 …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
 
Exercise
 9:
 
 Rewrite
 each
 of
 the
 sentences,
 beginning
 as
 shown,
 so
 that
 the
 meaning
 
stays
 the
 same
 
1
 It
 is
 necessary
 to
 finish
 the
 work
 today.
 
 
-­‐-­‐>
 
 You
 need……………………………………………………………………….…………….
 
2.
 
 Sally
 finally
 managed
 to
 get
 the
 job.
 
 
4



 

 

BÀI
 TẬP VIẾT LẠI CÂU – CÔ MAI PHƯƠNG (ST)


 

 

-­‐-­‐>
 
 Sally
 finally
 succeeded…………………………………………………………….……...…
 
3.
 
 
 This
 is
 the
 last
 time
 I
 go
 to
 this
 restaurant.
 
-­‐-­‐>
 
 I
 certainly……….……………………………………………………………………………
 
4“
 I
 
 advise
 you
 to
 take
 a
 holiday,”
 the
 doctor
 continued.
 
 
-­‐-­‐>
 
 You’d………..………………………………………………………………….…………..”
 
5.
 “
 If
 you
 don’t
 rest
 yourself
 you
 really
 will
 be
 ill
 
-­‐-­‐
 >
 Unless…………….…………………………………………………………….…………..
 
6.
 
 The
 doctor
 told
 him
 that
 he
 work
 too
 hard.
 
 
-­‐-­‐>
 You…………………………………………………………………………….………
 
7.
 
 Those
 pictures
 are
 beautiful.
 
-­‐-­‐>
 
 How……………………………………………………………………………….…………
 
8.
 It
 was
 an
 interesting
 film.
 
 
-­‐-­‐>
 What……………………………………………………………………………….…………
 
9.
 What
 is
 the
 weight
 of
 your
 suitcase?
 
 
-­‐-­‐>
 How………………………………………………………………………………….………
 
10.
 How
 tall
 is
 Peter’s
 father?
 
 
-­‐-­‐>
 
 What……………………………………………………………………………….………
 
Exercise
 10:
 
 Finish
 the
 second
 sentence
 in
 such
 a
 way
 that
 it
 means
 exactly
 the
 same
 as
 
the
 first
 one:
 
1.
 He
 can’t
 afford
 to
 buy
 the
 car.
 
à
 The
 car.....................................
 .....................................................……………….......
 
2.
 Shirley
 didn’t
 begin
 to
 read
 until
 she
 was
 eight.
 
à
 It
 wasn’t.....................................
 .................................................................................
 
3.
 Mrs.
 Taylor
 regretted
 buying
 the
 second
 –hand
 washing-­‐machine.
 
à
 Mrs.
 Taylor
 wished...................
 ..............................................................…..………..
 
4.
 Nobody
 can
 deny
 that
 she
 has
 a
 beautiful
 voice.
 
à
 
 It.......................................................
 .....................................................………….....
 

 
5.
 Jane
 is
 the
 tallest
 girl
 in
 her
 class
 .
 
 
à
 
 Nobody.................................................
 ......................................................................
 
 
6.
 They
 couldn’t
 find
 the
 manager
 anywhere
 .
 
à
 The
 manager
 was...........................
 ..............................................................................
 

 
7.
 Their
 teacher
 is
 making
 them
 study
 hard
 .
 
à
 
 They
 ................................................
 .....................................................…………….
 
8.
 As
 I
 get
 older
 ,
 I
 want
 to
 travel
 less.
 
à
 
 The
 older
 .......................................
 ...........................................................................
 
 

 
9.
 I
 have
 never
 been
 to
 Liverpool
 in
 my
 life
 .
 
à
 
 
 Never
 .....................................................
 .................................................................
 
 

 
10.
 My
 father
 speaks
 very
 little
 French
 .
 
à
 
 
 My
 father
 speaks
 hardly
 ...............................
 ...........................................................
 
.
 

 

 
KEY
 
Exercise
 1
 
5



 

 

BÀI
 TẬP VIẾT LẠI CÂU – CÔ MAI PHƯƠNG (ST)


 

 

1.
 You
 don’t
 have
 to
 finish
 the
 work
 today.
 
2.
 Sally
 finally
 succeeded
 in
 getting
 a
 job.
 
3.
 I
 certainly
 won’t
 go
 to
 that
 restaurant
 any
 more.
 
4.
 You’d
 better
 take
 a
 holiday.
 
5.
 Unless
 you
 rest
 yourself
 you
 really
 will
 be
 ill.
 
6.
 What
 I
 should
 like
 is
 being/
 to
 be
 taken
 out
 to
 dinner.
 
7.
 Martin’s
 poor
 health
 doesn’t
 /
 can’t
 prevent
 /
 stop
 him
 (
 from
 )
 enjoying
 life.
 
8.
 They
 can’t
 leave
 their
 dog
 behind
 when
 they
 go/are
 on
 holiday.
 
9.
 The
 break-­‐up
 of
 the
 marriage
 
 
 made
 my
 aunt
 heavily
 stressed.
 
10.
 I
 find
 it
 hard
 to
 believe
 that
 he
 passed
 the
 exam.
 
Exercise
 2
 
1.
 There’s
 no
 faster
 way
 than
 this
 to
 get
 to
 the
 city
 center.
 
2.
 He
 is
 the
 most
 likely
 person
 to
 succeed
 in
 solving
 the
 problems.
 
3.
 We
 didn’t
 arrive
 early
 enough
 to
 see
 the
 first
 film.
 
4.
 I’d
 rather
 you
 didn’t
 smoke
 in
 here
 
5.
 It
 took
 him
 2
 hours
 to
 write
 the
 letter.
 
6.
 My
 father
 suggested
 we
 should
 go
 out
 for
 a
 while.
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 going
 out
 for
 a
 while.
 
7.
 
 Though
 Mr.Benson
 is
 old,
 He
 runs
 8
 miles
 before
 breakfast.
 
8.
 It
 was
 interesting
 to
 talk
 to
 you.
 
9.
 Whatever
 did
 you
 do
 that
 for
 ?
 
10.
 I
 made
 these
 bookshelves
 myself.
 
Exercise
 3
 
1.
 You
 play
 tennis
 better
 than
 I
 do.
 
2.
 It’s
 two
 years
 since
 I
 went
 to
 the
 dentist’s.
 
3.
 She
 never
 went
 to
 Paris
 without
 buying
 a
 new
 dress.
 
4.
 After
 having
 spent
 seven
 years
 at
 secondary
 school
 I
 went
 to
 university.
 
5.
 There’s
 no
 need
 to
 make
 her
 change
 her
 mind.
 
6.
 
 He
 denied
 for
 stealing
 (having
 stolen)
 the
 car/
 that
 he
 had
 stolen
 the
 car.
 
7.
 
 Isn’t
 there
 (another
 way/
 some
 other
 way/
 any
 other
 way)(to/
 to
 reach/
 reaching)
 the
 
 
city
 centre.
 
8.
 
 At
 no
 time
 did
 he
 suspect
 (that)
 the
 money
 had
 been
 stolen/
 someone
 had
 stolen
 the
 
 
money.
 
9.
 If
 I
 were
 you,
 I’d
 take
 more
 exercise.
 
10.
 She
 persuaded
 me
 not
 to
 leave.
 
Exercise
 4
 
1.
 He
 greatly
 regretted
 not
 seeing
 Andrey
 on
 her
 trip
 to
 London.
 
3.
 The
 accident
 is
 thought
 to
 have
 been
 caused
 by
 human
 error.
 
3.
 He
 asked
 Elizabeth
 if
 she
 would
 be
 visiting
 the
 Taj
 Mahal
 when
 she
 went..
 
4.
 The
 waiter
 recommended
 us
 to
 try/
 that
 we
 should
 try
 …..
 
5.
 I
 have
 never
 tasted
 such
 a
 dilicious
 cake
 
Exercise
 5
 
6



 

 

BÀI
 TẬP VIẾT LẠI CÂU – CÔ MAI PHƯƠNG (ST)


 

 

1.
 They’re
 such
 easy
 questions
 that
 everyone
 can
 answer
 them.
 
2.
 The
 boy
 whose
 parents
 died
 in
 a
 traffic
 accident
 will
 receive
 some
 money
 to
 continue
 his
 
study
 
3.
 Motorbikes
 are
 being
 produced
 in
 Vietnam
 
4.
 If
 I
 had
 been
 there
 yesterday,
 I
 would
 have
 known
 who
 he
 was
 
5.
 Unless
 you
 try
 hard,
 you
 can’t
 pass
 the
 examination.
 
6.
 The
 more
 they
 spent
 money
 the
 harder
 they
 had
 to
 work
 
7.
 The
 cover
 was
 thought
 to
 have
 been
 make
 of
 iron
 
8.
 He
 went
 to
 London
 where
 had
 lived
 when
 he
 was
 a
 boy
 
9.
 Because
 Jane
 was
 sick,
 Jane
 was
 absent
 from
 class
 
10.
 The
 package
 was
 so
 heavy
 that
 Peter
 couldn’t
 carry
 it
 
 
 
 
 
 
Exercise
 6
 
1. If
 I
 were
 you,
 I’d
 take
 the
 train
 instead
 of
 the
 bus.
 
2. Someone
 must
 have
 forgotten
 to
 lock
 the
 door.
 
3. They
 have
 had/
 owned
 this
 house
 for
 ten
 years.
 

 
 
4. At
 the
 end
 of
 the
 course,
 there
 was
 a
 big
 party.
 
5. The
 pop
 star
 that/
 who/
 whom
 we
 invited
 onto
 the
 chatshow
 didn’t
 turn
 up.
 
6. Despite
 her
 saying
 that
 she
 would
 come,
 I
 don’t
 think
 she
 ever
 will.
 
7. No
 sooner
 had
 the
 plane
 left
 the
 airport
 than
 the
 accident
 happened.
 
8. Had
 you
 slept
 well
 last
 night,
 you
 wouldn’t
 feel
 tired
 now.
 
 
9. How
 long
 is
 it
 since
 you
 started
 the
 project
 ?
 
10. The
 church
 where
 their
 wedding
 will
 be
 held
 is
 lovely.
 
 
Exercise
 7
 
1.
 My
 father
 doesn’t
 play
 football
 anymore
 
2.
 I
 was
 given
 a
 present
 on
 my
 last
 birthday
 
3.
 She
 suggests
 going
 swimming
 
4.
 He
 invited
 me
 a
 cup
 of
 tea
 
5.
 If
 we
 had
 had
 a
 map,
 I
 wouldn’t
 got
 lost
 in
 the
 jungle
 
6.
 I
 haven’t
 seen
 Bob
 since
 I
 was
 in
 Ho
 Chi
 Minh
 City
 
7.
 It
 takes
 three
 hours
 to
 drive
 from
 Hanoi
 to
 Namdinh.
 
8.
 I
 wish
 you
 had
 told
 us
 about
 it
 
9.
 The
 owner
 of
 the
 house
 
 is
 thought
 to
 be
 abroad
 
 
10.
 The
 sea
 was
 too
 rough
 for
 the
 children
 to
 go
 swimming
 
Exercise
 8
 
1.
 How
 long
 have
 you
 known
 him
 
2.
 They
 had
 a
 three-­‐day
 trip
 
3.
 In
 case
 it
 rain
 hard
 this
 afternoon,
 take
 the
 rain
 coat
 with
 you
 
4.
 She
 forgot
 doing
 the
 washing
 up
 
5.
 It
 is
 easy
 to
 learn
 English
 
6.
 If
 you
 leave
 the
 lights
 on
 all
 night,
 you
 will
 waste
 electricity
 
7.
 It
 was
 such
 old
 furniture
 that
 we
 couldn’t
 keep
 it
 
8.
 No
 one
 else
 in
 Gary’s
 class
 plays
 the
 guitar
 as
 well
 as
 her
 
7



 

 

BÀI
 TẬP VIẾT LẠI CÂU – CÔ MAI PHƯƠNG (ST)


 

 

9.Since
 the
 computer
 was
 invented,
 people
 have
 saved
 a
 lot
 of
 time.
 
10.
 Everybody
 needs
 to
 clean
 up
 their
 neighborhood
 once
 a
 week
 
Exercise
 9
 
1.
 You
 need
 to
 finish
 the
 work
 today
 
2.
 Sally
 finally
 succeeded
 in
 getting
 the
 job
 
3.
 
 I
 certainly
 will
 never
 go
 to
 this
 restaurant
 
 
4.
 “You’d
 better
 take
 a
 holiday
 ”
 the
 doctor
 said
 to
 him
 
5.
 Unless
 you
 rest
 yourself
 you
 really
 will
 be
 ill
 
6.
 
 “You
 work
 too
 hard”
 the
 doctor
 sai
 to
 him
 
7.
 How
 beautiful
 those
 pictures
 are
 
8.
 What
 an
 interesting
 film
 (it
 was)!
 
9.
 How
 heavy
 is
 your
 suitcase?
 
10.
 What
 is
 Peter’s
 father’s
 height?
 
Exercise
 10
 
1.
 The
 car
 is
 too
 expensive
 for
 him
 to
 buy.
 
2.
 It
 wasn’t
 until
 Shirley
 was
 eight
 years
 that
 she
 began
 to
 read.
 
3.
 Mrs
 Taylor
 wished
 she
 hadn’t
 bought
 the
 second
 –
 hand
 washing
 –
 machine.
 
4.
 It
 can’t
 be
 denied
 that
 she
 has
 the
 beautiful
 voice.
 
5.
 Nobody
 in
 Jane’s
 class
 is
 as
 tall
 as
 her.
 
6.
 The
 manager
 was
 no
 where
 to
 be
 found.
 
7.
 They
 are
 being
 made
 to
 study
 hard.
 
8.
 The
 older
 I
 get,
 the
 less
 I
 want
 to
 travel.
 
9.
 Never
 have
 I
 been
 to
 Liverpool
 in
 my
 life.
 
10.
 My
 father
 speaks
 hardly
 any
 French.
 

 
Exercise
 11:
 Rerwite
 the
 following
 sentences
 that
 keep
 the
 same
 meaning.
 
A.1.
 I
 was
 very
 interested
 in
 our
 conversation.
 
-­‐
 
 
 
 It
 was
 interesting
 …………………..
 
2.
 Why
 did
 you
 do
 that
 ?
 
 
-­‐
 
 Whatever
 ……………………………
 ?
 
3.
 These
 bookshelves
 are
 my
 own
 work.
 
 
-­‐
 
 
 I
 made
 ………………………………
 
4.
 I
 don’t
 play
 tennis
 as
 well
 as
 you
 do.
 
 
-­‐
 
 You
 ………………………………….
 
5.
 I
 haven’t
 been
 to
 the
 dentist’s
 for
 two
 years.
 
 
-­‐
 
 
 It’s
 ………………………………………
 
 
6.
 Whenever
 she
 went
 to
 Paris
 she
 bought
 a
 new
 dress.
 
 
-­‐
 
 
 She
 never
 ……………………
 
7.
 I
 spent
 seven
 years
 at
 secondary
 school
 and
 then
 I
 went
 to
 university.
 
 
-­‐
 
 
 After
 ……………………..
 
8.
 It’s
 not
 worth
 living
 to
 make
 her
 change
 her
 mind.
 
-­‐
 
 
 
 There’s
 ………………………………………
 
8


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