TOOLS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL
Dr. Nguyen Thi Hoang Lien
LAW AND REGULATIONS
• Law on environmental protection 2005
• Environmental strategies and policies
• Environmental plan
• Environmental inspection
• Environmental standard(s)
• Environmental monitoring
Describes the processes and activities that need
to take place to characterize and monitor the
quality of the environment.
Environmental monitoring is used in the
preparation of environmental impact assessments,
as well as in many circumstances in which human
activities carry a risk of harmful effects on
the natural environment. In all cases the results of
analyzed statistically and published.
Time and frequency
Measuring and analysis methods
Storage and database management
• Environmental assessment (EA)
Is a procedure ensuring the environmental
implications of decisions are taken into account
before the decisions are made.
EA can be undertaken for individual projects,
such as a dam, motorway, airport or factory
(known as Environmental Impact Assessment –
EIA) or for public plans or programs (known as
Strategic Environmental Assessment – SEA).
EIA is an assessment of the possible positive
or negative impact that a proposed project
may have on the environment, together
consisting of the environmental, social and
SEA is a systematic decision support process,
aiming to ensure that environmental and
possibly other sustainability aspects are
considered effectively in policy, plan and
• Environmental auditing
Environmental auditing is a general term that
can reflect various types or evaluations
intended to identify environmental compliance
and management system implementation gaps,
along with related corrective actions.
analogous (similar) function to financial audits.
There are generally two different types of
environmental audits: compliance audits and
management systems audits.
• Life Cycle Analysis (LCA)
LCA is a technique to assess environmental
impacts associated with all the stages of a
product's life from-cradle-to-grave (i.e., from
raw material extraction through materials
processing, manufacture, distribution, use,
repair and maintenance, and disposal or
The procedures of life cycle assessment (LCA)
are part of the ISO 14000 environmental
management standards: in ISO 14040:2006 and
• Environmental planning
Is the process of facilitating decision making
to carry out development with due
environmental, social, political, economic and
governance factors and provides a holistic
frame work to achieve sustainable outcomes.
Main elements of environmental planning:
social and economic development; urban
development; regional development; natural
resource management and integrated land use;
infrastructure systems; governance frameworks.
7. Environmental tax, fee, charges
LAW ON ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION TAX
8. Clean Mechanism Development (CDM)
mechanisms defined in the Kyoto Protocol (IPCC,
2007) that provides for emissions reduction
projects which generate Certified Emission
Reduction (CER) units which may be traded
in emissions trading schemes.
The CDM allows industrialized countries to
buy CERS and to invest in emission reductions
where it is cheapest globally.
CDM projects: energy efficiency, CH4 recovery,