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THE FIRST WOMAN SCIENTIST
Hypatia was born in Alexandria, in Egypt, in 370 A.D. For many centuries she was (1) _______
only woman scientist to have a place in the history books.
Hypatia’s father was director of Alexandria University, and he (2) _______ sure his daughter had
the best education available. This was unusual, as most women then had few (3) _______ to study.
After studying in Athens and Rome, Hypatia returned to Alexandria (4) _______ she began
teaching mathematics. She soon became famous (5) ________ her knowledge of new ideas.
We have no copies of her books, (6) _______ we know that she wrote several important
mathematical works. Hypatia was also interested in technology and (7) _______ several scientific
tools to help with her work.
At the (8) _______ many rulers were afraid of science, and (9) _______ connected with it was in
danger. One day in March 415, Hypatia (10) _______ attacked in the street and killed.
1. A. one
2. A. could
3. A. classes
4. A. where
5. A. from
6. A. because
7. A. did
B. experimented C. invented
8. A. day
9. A. anyone
10. A. was
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The most famous diary in English was written by Samuel Pepys It gives a detailed and interesting
(1) _______ of everyday life in England (2) _______ 1660 and 1669. Pepys writes about important
news stories of the time,, like disease, an enemy navy (3) _______ up the River Thames and the
Great Fire of London.
He also writes about himself, even about his (4) _______ - he often slept during church or (5)
_______ at the pretty girls. He describes his home life - a (6) _______ with his wife and how they
became friends again, his worry about her illness. As well as books, he liked music, the theatre, card
(7) _______, and parties with good food and (8) _______ of fun. Pepys was a busy man who had
many important (9) _______ - he was a Member of Parliament and President of the Royal Society.
He is also (10) _______ for his work for the British Navy.
1. A. description
2. A. between
3. A. driving
4. A accidents
5. A. looked
6. A. conversation B. discussion
7. A. battles
8. A. amount
9 A acts
10. A. reviewed
B. remembered C. reminded
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The Rocky Mountains run almost the length of North America. They start in the North-west, but
lie only a (1) _______ hundred miles from the centre in more southern areas. Although the Rockies
are smaller (2) _______ the Alps, they are no less wonderful.
There are many roads across the Rockies, (3) _______ the best way to see them is to (4) _______
by train. You start from Vancouver, (5) _______ most attractive of Canada’s big cities. Standing with
its feet in the water and its head in the mountains, this city (6) _______ its residents to ski on slopes
just 15 minutes by car from the city (7) _______.
Thirty passenger trains a day used to (8) _______ off from Vancouver on the cross-continent
railway. Now there are just three a week, but the ride is still a great adventure. You sleep on board,
(9) _______ is fun, but travel through some of the best (10) _______ at night.
1. A. many
2. A. from
3. A. but
5. A. a
6. A. lets
7. A. centre
8. A. leave
9. A. when
10 A. scenery
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Cartoon films have very few limits. If you can draw something, you can (1) _______ it move on
the cinema screen. The use (2) _______ new ideas and advanced computer programs means that
cartoons are becoming exciting again for people of (3) _______ ages.
By the (4) _______ of the 1970s, the cinema world had decided that cartoons were only for
But soon (5) _______, one or two directors had some original new ideas. They proved that it was
possible to make films in which both adults and children could (6) _______ the fun.
However, not (7) _______ cartoon film was successful. The Black Cauldron, for example, failed,
mainly because it was too (8) _______ for children and too childish for adults. Directors learnt from
this (9) _______, and the film companies began to make large (10) _______ of money again.
1. A. get
2. A. for
3. A. more
4. A. end
5. A. afterwards B. later
6. A. divide
7. A. every
8. A. nervous
9. A. damage
10. A. amounts
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NEW OPPORTUNITIES WITH AN OPEN UNIVERSITY DEGREE
Like any other university, the Open University can give you a degree. However, you don’t have to
(1) _______ working to study. It can also open up a whole variety (2) _______ interests.
If you have (3) _______ studied before, you will enjoy the special, new pleasure of (4) _______ your
knowledge. You will make friends of (5) _______ kinds. You may also (6) _______ that your
qualification provides new career opportunities.
You don’t actually (7) _______ to the Open University for lectures, but study at home, using
television, radio and computer software. You can (8) _______ one class a month if you wish at an
Open University centre. Of course, there are exams to take, as in (9) _______ university.
If you (10) _______ like to know more, all you have to do is complete the form below. It could be
the start of a wonderful new period in your life.
1. A. stop
2. A. from
3. A. ever
4. A. growing
B. changing C. adding
5. A. all
6. A. suggest
7. A. join
8. A. give
9. A. any
10. A. did
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LITTLE CAT, LITTLE CAT, WHERE HAVE YOU BEEN?
When Bo the cat decided to explore a furniture van, she had a bigger adventure than she expected.
She was discovered (1) _______ the driver, after he had completed a (2) _______ of over 500
kilometres. It was (3) _______ end of a long day. The driver and the cat were both hungry! He gave
her some milk and started making enquiries. He telephoned his last (4) _______ but they had not lost
a cat. It was getting late, so he took Bo home for the night and (5) _______ - morning delivered her to
an animal hospital.
The cat’s owner (6) _______ done some detective work too. After (7) _______. everywhere for
the cat, he suddenly remembered the furniture van (8) _______ had made a delivery to a neighbour.
Fortunately, he (9) _______ the name of the company. He called their office and in a Short time Bo
was (10) _______ safely.
1. A of
2. A. trip
3. A. an
4. A. shoppers
5. A. next
6. A. has
7. A. seeing
8. A. what
9. A. called ‘
B. remembered C. saw
10. A. given
7. Hãy đọc đoạn văn sau và chọn câu trả lời tốt nhất trong số A, B, C và D.
What is money? The pound, the dollar or the franc are actually just like a gram or a kilometer.
The difference is that you can exchange money for something (1) _______. A five pound note may
buy a book, a huge bag of sweets, or a (2) _______ of cinema tickets. But the note itself is only a
printed (3) _______ of paper which costs almost nothing to make.
Thousands of years (4) _______ people didn’t have money as we know (5) _______. There were
no banks (6) _______ even shops. In those days, Mr. Green the farmer exchanged the corn he (7)
_______ grown for Mr. Hive’s honey. This was an exchange arranged between the two (8) _______
each of whom had something that the other wanted. But in time, most societies invented their own
“currencies” (9) _______ that people could exchange more. The different currencies began to join
together, which is why (10) _______ everyone uses a national currency.
1. A. other
2. A. couple
3. A. slice
4. A. since
5. A. them
6. A. or
7. A. did
8. A. jobs
9. A. for
10. A. tomorrow
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On a cold March evening, Claire Johnson sat down at the kitchen table in her home near London.
She and her family had (1) _______ thirty years there. Her husband and her daughter were already at
the table. They (2) _______ a packet of biscuits and drank tea (3) _______ with water which Claire
had boiled in their only pan.
It was the same kitchen in (4) _______ Claire had organized hundreds of enormous meals for her
friends from all (5) _______ the world. For so (6) _______ years the sounds of her family, friends
and visitors had filled the house. Now it was quiet. It would soon be (7) _______ to go. She had
packed the last of their clothes (8) _______ two suitcases which her husband had (9) _______ from a
The three of them ate their food in (10) _______. They didn’t know what tomorrow would bring.
1. A. left
2. A. gave
3. A. done
4. A. where
5. A. over
6. A. several
7. A. hour
8. A. for
9. A. given
10. A. quiet
9. Hãy đọc đoạn văn sau và chọn câu trả lời tốt nhất trong số A, B, C và D.
Adrian Noble’s modern production of William Shakespeare’s “King Lear” opened last week at
the Barbican Theatre in London to enthusiastic (1) _______
Robert Stephens, heading an impressive supporting cast, gives a moving and powerful (2)
_______ as Lear, and David Bradley, who (3) _______ the Earl of Gloucester, is so convincing in the
(4) _______ that several members of the (5) _______ who were sitting in the front (6) _______ are
reported to have fainted during one particularly realistic (7) _______.
(8) _______ its length - the play runs for three and three quarter hours with two half-hour (9)
_______ - Noble’s production is anything but tedious. King Lear’ will run at the Barbican until
March and (10) _______ booking is recommended.
8. A. However
9. A. gaps
10. A. ahead
10. Hãy đọc đoạn văn sau và chọn câu trả lời tốt nhất trong số A, B, C và D.
You can make life more difficult for thieves by (1) _______ your wallet in an inside pocket
instead of a back pocket. But make sure that you still have it if someone bumps into you in a (2)
_______. Most pickpockets are very skilful. Never let your handbag out of your (3) _______. On
public transport, (4) _______ hold of it. You are also (5) _______ to take travellers’ cheques rather
than cash when you go abroad, and to use cash dispensers which are on (6) _______ streets, or are
well lit at night.
A quarter of all crimes are car thefts or thefts of things from cars, like radios and cassette players.
If your car is (7) _______, you may not get it back One in four are never found, and even if it is, it
may be badly (8) _______. Always lock all doors and windows, and think about fitting a car alarm
too. If you are buying a new radio/cassette player, it is (9) _______ choosing one that is securitycoded or removable by the driver. These precautions will help to (10) _______ thieves.
1. A. taking
2. A. mass
3 A. view
4. A. keep
5. A. suggested B. told
6. A. main
7. A. robbed
8. A. hurt
9. A. beneficial B. practical
10. A. put off
B. put down
C. put out
D. put back
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Several years ago an old factory on the edge of Paris was turned into an exhibition centre. This
helped many artists (1) _______ had found it too expensive to work in the centre of Paris, and so for
the (2) _______ few years painters, musicians, actors and other people (3) _______ had space to
work and perform. The people behind the idea now (4) _______ to change the use of other old
buildings (5) _______ the same reasons. Sometimes the use of the buildings can only (6) _______ for
a short period of time, a year for example, (7) _______ the opportunity is always worth it for the
young artists. On one occasion a businessman lent an old building (8) _______ the organizers for two
years, and in that time the artists were (9) _______ to put on concerts, art exhibition and fashion
shows to (10) _______ the local people.
2. A. other
3. A. have
4. A. think
5. A. with
6. A. take
7. A. but
8. A. for
9. A. suitable
10. A. attract
12. Hãy đọc đoạn văn sau và chọn câu trả lời tốt nhất trong số A, B, C và D.
YOUTH AT THE WHEEL
One in six drivers in Britain is aged between 17 and 25. But more drivers in- this age group are
responsible (1) _______ a greater number of accidents than older drivers; in (2) _______ one
accident in four is the fault of a young, inexperienced driver.
A team of researchers has (3) _______ two years studying the driving performance, attitudes and
behaviour of young people. The report (4) _______ that not all young drivers are dangerous, (5)
_______ a large number of males, particularly those aged 17 to 20, do not drive as carefully (6)
_______ other age groups. These young drivers are more likely to have (7) _______ accident in their
first year of driving (8) _______ when their experience increases. The report also notes that men are
more likely to (9) _______ driving rules than women, and that a girlfriend or wife in the car has a
calming (10) _______ on the driving pattern of young men.
1. A. to
2. A. order
3. A. done
4. A. says
5. A. and
6. A. so
7. A. the
8. A. than
9. A. crash
10. A. way
13. Hãy đọc đoạn văn sau và chọn câu trả lời tốt nhất trong số A, B, C và D.
Every Saturday night at six o’clock during the summer months up to 500 disco fans climb a train
in. Turin in Italy. They (1) _______ the next six hours dancing away until the train (2) _______ a
popular disco at one of the towns (3) _______ the Adriatic coast. The whole trip (4) _______ eighty
dollars, including entrance into the disco.
Italian railways started the idea (5) _______ a way of trying to reduce the growing numbers of
young people (6) _______ have accidents every weekend when they drive the 400 kilometres to the
Even (7) _______ the train pulls away from the platform the disco car is crowded with people (8)
_______ all kinds of fashionable clothes. The discos stay open until four in the morning and (9)
_______ at 05.30 the train is ready to begin its journey back to Turin. It will arrive in (10) _______
for its exhausted passengers to get home for Sunday lunch!
1. A. go
2. A. comes
3. A. in
4. A. pays
5. A. as
6. A. what
7. A. until
8. A. dressing
9. A. then
10. A. turn
14. Hãy đọc đoạn văn sau và chọn câu trả lời tốt nhất trong số A, B, C và D.
BIRTH OF COMPUTER
Most people think of computers as very modern inventions, products of our new technological
age. But actually the idea for a computer (1) _______ worked out over two centuries ago by a man
(2) _______ Charles Babbage.
Babbage was born (3) _______ 1791 and grew up to be a brilliant mathematician. He drew up
plans for several calculating machines (4) _______ he called “engines’’. But despite the fact that he
(5) _______ building some of these he never finished any of them. Over the years people have argued
(6) _______ his machines would ever work. Recently, however, the Science Museum in London has
finished building (7) _______ engine based on one of Babbage’s designs. (8) _______ has taken six
years to complete and more (9) _______ four thousand parts have been specially made. Whether it
works or not, the machine will be on show at a special exhibition in the Science Museum (10)
_______ remind people of Babbage’s work.
1. A. has
2. A. known
3. A’ on
4. A. whose
5. A. wanted
6. A. until
7. A. some
8. A. One
9. A. than
10. A. to
15. Hãy đọc đoạn văn sau và chọn câu trả lời tốt nhất trong số A, B, C và D.
HOLIDAYS THAT DONT COST THE EARTH
The tourist industry is considered to be the world’s largest industry. Before 1950 about one
million people (1) _______ abroad each year (2) _______ by the 1990s the figure had (3) _______ to
over 400 million every year.
(4) _______ large numbers of tourists, however, are beginning to cause problems. For example, in
the Alps the skiers are destroying the mountains (5) _______ came to enjoy. Even parts of Mount
Everest in the Himalayas are reported to be covered (6) _______ old tins, tents and food that have
been (7) _______ away.
But at a time when we have greater freedom to travel (8) _______ ever before, more and more
people are asking how they can enjoy their holiday (9) _______ causing problems by spoiling the
Now there is a new holiday guide called Holidays That Don’t Cost the Earth. It (10) _______ you
how you can help the tourist industry by asking your travel agent or your tour operator the right
questions before you go on holiday.
1. A. traveled
2. A. as
3. A. gone
4. A. Such
5. A. which
o. A. for
7. A. put.
8. A. than
9. A. outside
10 A. says
16. Hãy đọc đoạn văn sau và chọn câu trả lời tốt nhất trong số A, B, C và D.
There has been a revolution in the world of newspaper. Not many years (1) _______ newspapers
were still being produced using techniques unchanged for (2) _______ hundred years.
The journalists gave their stories to a typist, who prepared them for an editor, who passed them on
(3) _______ the printer. The printer, who was a (4) _______ skilled man, set up the type. (5) _______
was then collected to make the pages. When the pages were complete, the printing machines could be
Nowadays what (7) _______ ? The journalists type their stories into a computer. The (8) _______
checks their spelling, plans the pages, shapes the articles. When the pages are ready, another
computer may control the printing.
(9) _______ can be no doubt about it, producing a newspaper is an entirely different (10) _______
B. more than
5. A. They
6. A. switched B. started
7. A. gives
8. A. computer B. editor
9. A. It
10. A. skill
17. Hãy đọc đoạn văn sau và chọn câu trả lời tốt nhất trong số A, B, C và D.
ADVICE FOR TRAVELLERS WHO MAY FALL ILL WHILE ABROAD
Most British people go abroad on holiday, to visit family, or on short business trips. People are (1)
_______ to find out how to get urgent treatment before leaving the UK. They have to (2) _______ a
form which explains what they (3) _______ do if they fall ill or (4) _______ an accident, and what
arrangements exist in (5) _______ country for medical treatment. The regulations are fairly simple
but (6) _______ people do not have this information, they may (7) _______ that private medical care
is extremely expensive. It is not unusual for people to discover that they do not have (8) _______
money with them to (9) _______ the total costs and (10) _______ such circumstances an already
difficult situation becomes even more complicated.
1. A. advised
2. A. put
3 A. ought
4. A. have
5. A. their
6. A. because
7. A. look
8. A. enough
9. A. pay.
10. A. on
18. Hãy đọc đoạn văn sau và chọn câu trả lời tốt nhất trong số A, B, C và D.
Plato was a very original thinker who lived in (1) _______ Greece. He asked questions that
nobody had asked before. He even tried to (2) _______ how the human mind works. Plato was born
about 428 B.C. in Athens, Greece. He became a pupil of Greek philosopher Socrates. Then he (3)
_______ a school in 387 B.C. He called his school the Academy. Pupils studied astronomy, biology,
mathematics, (4) _______, and philosophy at the Academy. Plato wrote dialogues - debates that he
imagined taking (5) _______ between teachers and pupils. He hoped these dialogues would help
students understand his ideas. Plato investigated many topics, from (6) _______ to the heavens. But
his most important work was a (7) _______ of knowledge. Plato believed that we learn about the
world in two (8) _______ ways. We get useful information through our (9) _______, like sight and
touch. But we reach truth by using a higher ability, which he called reason. Plato said that our senses
give us imperfect knowledge, because they tell us about specific objects. But our reason gives us
truth, or (10) _______ knowledge, because it tells us about ideas.
A. set up
B. set in
C. set out
D. set off
6. A. friendly
10. A. imperfect
19. Hãy đọc đoạn văn sau và chọn câu trả lời tốt nhất trong số A, B, C và D.
When you are driving abroad you should make sure that you have all your documents with you.
These (1) _______ your passport, your driving licence and insurance papers. It (2) _______ be very
inconvenient if you (3) _______ any of these or if you cannot find (4) _______ quickly. You must
also make sure that your car has a nationality plate which shows the country where the car is
registered; for (5) _______, GB for Great Britain, F for France, N for Norway and so on.
In some (6) _______ you have to pay if you don’t (7) _______ motoring laws and this can
sometimes cost you a lot of money. For instance, you may have to pay immediately if you are
stopped by a police officer for taking no notice of traffic lights, speed (8) _______ or if you allow
children (9) _______ the age of twelve to (10) _______ in the front seat of a vehicle.
1. A. include
2. A. should
3. A. miss
4. A. that
5. A. once
6. A. countries
7. A. do
8: A. marks
9. A. under
10. A. follow
20. Hãy đọc đoạn văn sau và chọn câu trả lời tốt nhất trong số A, B, C và D.
“My home is in the air - I do an enormous amount of travelling. It is a fast life and (1) _______ of
work, but I like it and that is the only way (2) _______ me. Everything is tiring - music, traveling but what can I do? I am not (3) _______ to complaining. It is hard to imagine now (4) _______ I will
ever be very long in one place. My hometown is on the Caspian sea. There is sea, wind, sun and (5)
_______ many tourists and hotels. I have my own flat with four or five rooms, but I am seldom there.
If I am there for a day or two I prefer to (6) _______ with my mother and grandmother. They live in a
small house, (7) _______ it is very comfortable and my mother cooks for me. I like good, simple
I have no wife, no brothers or sisters and my father (8) _______ when I was seven. He was an
engineer and I don’t (9) _______ him very well. He liked music, very much and wanted me to (10)
_______ a musician”.
1. A. most
2. A. for
3. A. wanted
4. A. and
5. A. far
6. A. stay
7. A but
8. A. killed
9. A. know
10. A. become
21. Hãy đọc đoạn văn sau và chọn câu trả lời tốt nhất trong số A, B, C và D.
A new restaurant with a difference has opened in the High Street next door to the Royal Theatre in
Bristol. It is called “Starters” and is (1) _______ by Carol and Philip Wells who opened a (2)
_______ restaurant in London last year.
Instead of a traditional three-course (3) _______, customers can choose whatever (4) _______
want from a list of (5) _______ a hundred starters or first courses. The list also includes recipes from
all over the world and customers are recommended to (6) _______ at least three starters to (7)
_______ a satisfying meal.
Prices vary depending on what you have, (8) _______ it is possible to eat quite cheaply if you (9)
_______ want to spend a lot of money. The new restaurant is becoming very popular and it’s (10)
_______ to book a table to avoid waiting.
1. A. got
2. A. similar
3. A. tea
4. A. you
5. A. only
6. A. read
7. A. make
8. A. so
9. A. do
10. A. well
22. Hãy đọc đoạn văn sau và chọn câu trả lời tốt nhất trong số A, B, C và D.
There was a nasty accident at Newton crossroads yesterday morning. A bus overturned, and some
of the passengers were badly (1) _______ Several (2) _______ helped to pull people out of the (3)
_______ and give them (4) _______ until help arrived. Soon the injured were taken to the nearest
hospital by ambulance, but there were so many that the (5) _______ department there had difficulty
in treating them all. Most of the passengers were found to be suffering from severe (6) _______. The
bus had crashed into a brand new car and had completely (7) _______ it although fortunately there
was no-one in the car. Moreover, the new car was fully (8) _______. The police took the names and
addresses of as many (9) _______ as possible. It is believed that the injured passengers have the right
to claim (10) _______.
1. A. pained
C. knocked down
2. A. by standers
3. A wreckage
4. A. medicine
D. first aid
5. A. injury
6. A. surprise
7. A damaged
8. A. insured
9. A. suspects
10. A. rewards
23. Hãy đọc đoạn văn sau và chọn câu trả lời tốt nhất trong số A, B, C và D.
“The Moon Trap” is a new film made by a young Canadian (1) _______ called Melvin Strang.
The main parts of the film are (2) _______ by Sid Chung and Julie Plein who last appeared in “Music
In this new film (3) _______ star as a young married couple who buy an old house in the country.
After living there (4) _______ a few weeks strange things begin to happen.
Some of the furniture in the house disappears and can’t be (5) _______, windows break and
pictures fall off walls. At night they (6) _______ crying noises, and when the moon is up loud
screams can be heard from the woods nearby.
As you might expect, the young couple try to discover the (7) _______ for all these strange events
and this leads them into some very frightening situations. (8) _______ you are easily scared, don’t go
and see this film! But if you enjoy films with (9) _______ of adventure and murder (10) _______ this
is the film for you.
1. A. actor
2. A. played
3. A. the
4. A. since
5. A. taken
6. A. hear
7. A. way
8. A. Why
9. A. lots
10. A. as
24. Hãy đọc đoạn văn sau và chọn câu trả lời tốt nhất trong số A, B, C và D.
For many people, travelling by plane is an exciting experience Others, however, find the whole
idea quite terrifying, (1) _______ flying is no more dangerous (2) _______ any other form of travel
and some experts say it is considerably safer. It is known, however, that most accidents occur (3)
_______ take-off and landing when a (4) _______ decisions are vitally important.
The people (5) _______ job it is to look (6) _______ the passengers - the stewards and
stewardesses - play an important part.in helping passengers to (7) _______ safe and comfortable.
Indeed for many passengers being (8) _______ such care of is all part of the total experience. (9)
_______ other form of travel involves waiting on people in quite the same (10) _______, with food,
drink, newspapers, magazines, music and even video films.
1. A. although
2. A. than
3. A. while
4. A. leader’s
5. A whose
6. A. for
7. A. feel
8. A. given
9. A. Any
10. A. way
25. Hãy đọc đoạn văn sau và chọn câu trả lời tốt nhất trong số A, B, C và D.
For many young people sport is a popular part of school life and (1) _______ in one of the school
teams and playing in matches is very important (2) _______ someone is in a team, it means a lot of
extra practice and often spending a Saturday or Sunday away (3) _______ home, as many matches
are played then.
It (4) _______ also involve travelling to other towns to play against other school teams and then
(5) _______ on after the match for a meal or a drink. Sometimes parents, friends or other students
will travel with the team to support (6) _______ own side.
When a school team wins a match it is the whole school which feels proud, (7) _______ only the
players. It can also mean that a school (8) _______ well-known for being good at certain sports and
pupils from that school may end up playing (9) _______ national or international teams so that the
school has some really (10) _______ names associated with it!
1. A. having
2. A. If
3. A. at
4. A. ought
5. A. being
6. A. their
8. A. turns
9. A. up
10. A. old
26. Hãy đọc đoạn văn sau và chọn câu trả lời tốt nhất trong số A, B, C và D.
Mr Alex Fraser lived his entire life in a small town in the North of England. He never left the
house (1) _______ he had been born, never married, never went on holiday and had no friends.
He worked in a local factory for (2) _______ forty years but even the people who had worked
with him for years (3) _______ very little about him.
He wore the same old clothes year in year out, and although he shopped (4) _______ at the local
store he bought only the most basic foodstuffs, never changing his purchases from one week to the
So (5) _______ he died last month neighbours and local people were astonished to learn that Mr
Fraser was not just a rich man, he was in fact (6) _______ millionaire.
He had no bank account, no money invested anywhere but in the various drawers, cupboards and
boxes in his house there were hundreds and thousands of bank (7) _______ and coins.
It took police over two weeks to clear the house and the bank clerks took just as long to (8)
_______ all the money.
“We had absolutely no idea that he had been hiding his money over the years” one of his
neighbours (9) _______. “In fact we used to feel sorry for him, we thought he was a poor old man
unable to (10) _______ anything better for himself’.
1. A. which
2. A. until
3. A. reminded
4. A. regularly
5. A. while
6. A. the
7. A. papers
8. A. number
9. A. said
10. A. pay
27. Hãy đọc đoạn văn sau và chọn câu trả lời tốt nhất trong số A, B, C và D.
C & A is probably one of the largest family fashion stores in the world, and their shops are a
familiar sight in (1) _______ High Streets in Britain. But many British people would be surprised to
learn (2) _______ this fashion company has Dutch origins. Founded in the small market town of
Sneek in 1841, the first C & A shop (3) _______ opened by two brothers called Clemens and August
Brenninkmeyer. The initials of their first names formed the name of the shop. As trade grew, more
(4) _______ were opened across Europe and in 1922 C & A came to Britain. (5) _______ success
was immediate and the store was a major influence in bringing down the (6) _______ of women’s
clothes. It was the two brothers who started the (7) _______ working week, at a time when
shopkeepers in Britain expected their (8) _______ to work a 6-day week. Today C & A employs
many thousands of people. All the stores are attractively (9) _______ with good use of space, lighting
and plenty of individual changing rooms where (10) _______ can try things on in comfort before they
1. A. every
2. A. that
3. A. were
4. A. stores
5. A. They
6. A. value
7. A. five-days
8. A. staff
9. A. drawn
10. A. customers B. patients
28. Hãy đọc đoạn văn sau và chọn câu trả lời tốt nhất trong số A, B, C và D.
It was in 1819, in Vevey, that Francois-Louis Cailler set up a small business making and selling
cocoa and chocolate (1) _______ eventually became the first Swiss chocolate factory. Handmade
chocolate was (2) _______ made in other countries (3) _______ Cailler was the first to (4) _______
the idea of making chocolate by machine. The business developed and in 1898, Alexandre Cailler, (5)
_______ grandson, left Vevey and built a new factory at Broc in the heart (6) _______ the Gruyere
district, an area well-known (7) _______ the richness of its milk. The following year (8) _______
were 120 workers at the factory and by 1906 over a thousand people (9) _______ employed there By
this time the chocolate industry had (10) _______ an important part of the Swiss economy.
10. A. turned
29. Hãy đọc đoạn văn sau và chọn câu trả lời tốt nhất trong số A, B, C và D.
(1) _______ six o’clock yesterday evening, the River Thames burst its banks and flooded a wide
area. By nine o’clock the floods had reached the town of Dorchester. The main street was soon (2)
_______ three feet of water. Fire engines arrived quickly to pump away the water, but heavy rain
made the job very (3) _______.
Mrs. Rose Willow, a (4) _______ nearly 80 years old, and living alone in her cottage, trapped
upstairs (5) _______ three hours. Finally, firemen were able to rescue her with ladders and a small (6)
_______ “My cat, Tibbies, stayed with me all the time” said Mrs. Willow. “She (7) _______ me a lot.
She sat with me, so I didn’t feel afraid.”
The rain has finally stopped, the river level is falling and the weather forecast is good, (8)
_______ the floods have done a great deal of damage.
“Luckily, nobody was (9) _______ or injured.” Chief Fire Office Hawkins (10) _______
reporters, “but it will take a long time to clear up the mess.”
6. A. ship
10. A said
30. Hãy đọc đoạn văn sau và chọn câu trả lời tốt nhất trong số A, B, C và D.
Many parents believe that they should begin to teach their children to read when they are (1)
_______ more than toddlers. This is fine if the child shows a real interest but (2) _______ a child
could be counter-productive if she isn’t ready. Wise parents will have a (3) _______ attitude and take
the lead from their child. What they should provide is a selection of (4) _______ toys, books, and
other activities. Nowadays there is plenty of good (5) _______ available for young children, and of
course, seeing plenty of books in use about the house will also (6)
them to read. - Of course, books
are no longer the only (7) _______ of stories and information. There is also a huge range of videos,
which can (8) _______ and extend the pleasure a child finds in a book and are (9) _______ valuable
in helping to increase vocabulary and concentration. Television gets a bad (10) _______ as far as
children are concerned, mainly because too many spend too much time watching programmes not
intended for their age group.
1. A. scarcely
2. A. insisting
3. A. cheerful
B. contended C. relaxed
4. A. bright
C. energetic D. stimulating
5. A. material
6. A. provoke
B. encourage C. provide
7. A. source
8. A. uphold
C. reinforce D. assist
9. A. properly
C. perfectly D. equally
10. A. review
31. Hãy đọc đoạn văn sau và chọn câu trả lời tốt nhất trong số A, B, C và D.
Why do people like to chew gum? Some people say they like the taste. (1) _______ say they can
think better if they chew gum. Some people chew it when they have some boring work to (2)
_______. Others chew gum when they are nervous.
Gum is a (3) of several things. For many years gum companies made gum from chicle. Chicle is a
natural gum from a tree in Mexico and Central America. Now companies use plastic and rubber made
from petroleum (4) _______ of chicle.
Gum must be soft (5) _______ you can chew it. A softener keeps it soft. The gum company makes
the softener from vegetable oil. A sweetener makes the gum sweet. The sweetener is usually sugar.
Then the company (6) _______ the flavour.
Thomas Adams made the first gum from chicle in 1836. (7) _______, chewing gum was not new.
The Greeks chewed gum from a tree (8) _______ 2,000 years ago. Mayan Indians in Mexico chewed
chicle. Indians in the Northeastern United States taught Europeans to chew gum from a tree there.
People first made bubble gum in 1928. Children like to (9) _______ bubble with bubble gum.
Some university students do (10) _______.
1. A. The other B. Others
C. The others
2. A. make
3. A. mixture
4. A. aside
5. A. so that
6. A. puts
7. A. However
8. A. more
9. A. turn
10. A. so
32. Hãy đọc đoạn văn sau và chọn câu trả lời tốt nhất trong số A, B, C và D.
The table tennis match was very enjoyable before someone lit a cigarette and ruined the evening.
After (1) _______ smoking, they let the cigarette fall on the wooden floor. Unfortunately, they
dropped it without putting it out but (2) _______ paid any attention to it. Even the woman (3)
_______ next to the man with the cigarette did not notice. Soon, however, there was (4) _______
smoke. Suddenly flames (5) _______ up into the air. Someone immediately ran out of the room (6)
_______ the fire brigade. Two or three men got some buckets of water (7) _______ the fire, but it
was useless. Everyone in the large hut (8) _______ very frightened. The next moment people rushed
towards the main doors. Before the next brigade arrived, the whole building was on fire. On (9)
_______ the burning building, one of the firemen succeeded in (10) _______ an old woman.
A. she was
A. a lot of
A. to put out
B. they put out
C. no one
C. who was
C. a few
C. to phone
C. putting out
D. for phoning
D. put out
9. A enter
D. he entered
10. A. he rescued B. rescue
33. Hãy đọc đoạn văn sau và chọn câu trả lời tốt nhất trong số A, B, C và D.
There is now increasing concern about the world’s energy (1) _______, particularly about those
involving fossil (2) _______. In less than a hundred years we shall probably (3) _______ all the
present (4) _______ of oil and gas. The world’s coal (5) _______ should last longer but, once used,
these cannot be(6) _______. It is important, therefore, that we should develop such (7) _______
sources of energy as solar energy and nuclear energy as well water and wind (8) _______ (classed as
(9) _______ energy). Until these energy (10) _______ are widely used, it is important for the
developed countries to reduce energy consumption as much as possible.
1. A. possessions
2. A. fuels
3. A. end
4. A. findings
B. productions C. amounts
5. A. reserves
6. A. updated
7. A. traditional
C. revolutionary D. surprising
8. A. force
9. A. repeatable
10. A. goods
C. provisions D. materials
34. Hãy đọc đoạn văn sau và chọn câu trả lời tốt nhất trong số A, B, C và D.
It was a Monday morning in the office and, as usual everyone was busy sorting through their mail
before starting work. The other staff had (1) _______ that Nicky, one of the computer operators, had
been (2) _______ rather miserable recently and they wondered what might have happened to make
her so (3) _______. Suddenly Nicky accidentally (4) _______ over a cup of coffee As she was
clearing up the mess, the girl sitting next to her happened to glance at Nicky’s right hand. There was
a large swelling at the (5) _______ “What on earth have you (6) _______ to yourself? Does it (7)
_______?’’ asked the girl. “Yes it does. I think I’ve (8) _______ it using the computer,” replied
Nicky. “I think you’d better go and let the doctor (9) _______ it,” said the girl. “Let’s hope there’s no
permanent (10) _______ to your hand.”
35. Hãy đọc đoạn văn sau và chọn câu trả lời tốt nhất trong số A, B, C và D.
Speech is one of the most important (1) _______ communicating. It consists of far more than just
making noises. To talk and also to (2) _______ by other people, we have to speak a language, that is,
we have to use combinations of (3) _______ that everyone agrees to stand for a particular object or
idea. Communication would be impossible if everyone made up their own language.
Learning a language properly is very (4) _______. The basic (5) _______ of English is not very
large, and not only about 2,000 words are needed to speak it quite (6) _______. But the more idea
you can (7) _______ the more precise you can be about their exact meaning.
Words are the (8) _______ thing we use in communicating what we want to say. The way we (9)
_______ the words is also very important. Our tone of voice can express many emotions and (10)
_______ whether we are pleased or angry, for instance.
1. A. ways
2. A. be examined B. be talked
C be understood D. be spoken
3. A. sounds
4. A. important
5. A. word
B. vocabulary C. grammar
6. A. good
7. A. grow
8. A. most
9. A. send
10. A. ask
B. understand C. know
36. Hãy đọc đoạn văn sau và chọn câu trả lời tốt nhất trong số A, B, C và D.
A lot of people like to play their records as loudly as possible. The (1) _______ is that the rest of
the family and the neighbours often complain (2) _______ they don’t like the music. One (3)
_______ to this problem is to wear headphones, but headphones are usually uncomfortable.’ An
armchair which has a record-player system built into it has just been (4) _______ by a British
engineer, Stephen Court.
The armchair looks like an ordinary armchair with a high back. However, each of the two sides of
the chair has three loudspeakers inside to reproduce middle and high sounds. Low sounds are
reproduced by a pair of loudspeakers in a hollow (5) _______ under the seat. Anyone who sits in the
chair hears sounds coming from all around his/her head.
Because we cannot tell the exact (6) from which low sounds come, it doesn’t (7) _______ that
they come from underneath or behind. It is the higher sounds coming from the sides of the chair that
create a stereo effect.
These sounds travel only a few inches to reach the listener’s ears. (8) _______, it takes only a
little power to make the music sound very loud. Only a small amount of sound leaks out from behind
the chair into the room to (9) _______ others. Most of the sound is (10) _______ by the listener.
1. A. conclusion
2. A. if
3. A way
4. A. drawn
5. A. hole
6. A. destination
7. A. care
B. make sense
8. A. Surprisingly B. Strangely
C. Consequently D. Eventually
9. A disappoint
10. A. integrated
37. Hãy đọc đoạn văn sau và chọn câu trả lời tốt nhất trong số A, B, C và D.
Death is not necessarily a failure of energy on the part of the Life Force. People with no (1)
_______ try to make things which will last forever, and even want to live forever themselves. But the
(2) _______ man knows very well that it is a waste of labor to make a machine that will last ten
years, because it will probably be superseded in half that time by an improved machine (3) _______
the same purpose. He also knows that if somebody were to convince us that our dream of personal
immortality is no dream but a hard (4) _______ such a shriek of despair would go up (5) _______ the
human race as no other conceivable horror could provoke. We (6) ______ voluntarily, knowing that it
is time for us to be scrapped, to be remanufactured. We must all be born again, and yet again and
again. No man is willing to make a serious effort to keep alive. The (7) _______ he sees death
approach, he gets into bed and sends for a doctor. He knows very (8) _______ at the back of his
conscience that he is rather a poor job and (9) _______ be remanufactured. He knows that his (10)
_______ will make room for a birth. Adapted from A Treatise on Parents and Children by George
1. A. luck
2. A. intelligent
3. A. answer
4. A. choice
5. A. to
6. A. remain
7. A. moment
8. A. much
9. A. ought to be
B. was to
C. might have been D. can be
10. A. health
38. Hãy đọc đoạn văn sau và chọn câu trả lời tốt nhất trong số A, B, C và D.
THE PERFECT PARTNER
A long and happy (1) _______ is something that many people wish for, but finding the right
partner is (2) _______ more difficult than you might imagine. A friend of mine, Susan, had not been
very successful in her attempt to find the perfect partner, and she was beginning to lose heart and feel
rather(3) _______. One day she happened to hear someone (4) _______ about a computer dating
agency which could help you to find the ideal partner. Susan immediately (5) _______ an
appointment to see someone at the agency, then waited to see (6) _______ would happen. The agency
arranged a meeting with a “suitable” partner at the local railway station a week later, although I (7)
_______ her not to go. My friend arrived a few minutes early but could see no one who matched the
(8) _______ of the man in the photograph she had been sent. She noticed a man waiting under the
station clock and (9) _______ a bunch of flowers, but there was no one else around. Suddenly the
man started chatting to her and, after a while, asked her if she would like to go and have a coffee. Not
until much later did they come to the conclusion that they had both been waiting for each other!
When they had both (10) _______ from the shock, they decided that the computer had been right
1. A. honeymoon B. wedding
2. A. so
3. A. depressed
C. embarrassed D. bored
4. A. mentioning B. telling
5. A. did
6. A. that
7. A. advised
8. A. look
9. A. fetching
10. A. returned
39. Hãy đọc đoạn văn sau và chọn câu trả lời tốt nhất trong số A, B, C và D.
Dear Mum and Dad,
This is just a quick letter to let you know that I’m fine. We’re all working quite hard because the
exams are only a few weeks away, but our teacher (1) _______ he thinks we’ll do well. (My
landlady’s not so sure - she keeps (2) _______ me I should stop (3) _______ so much TV and do a bit
Anyway, we had a wonderful time at half term. I went off to Paris for a few days with some of the
others from the school, and we went on a guided (4) _______ of the city. We saw most of the famous
(5) _______ like the Louvre, where they have an amazing (6) _______ of paintings, and the Eiffel
Tower. Then we went down to the South of France by train. It was so fast - the whole (7) _______
was only about four hours. We spent (8) _______ time in Nice and in Cannes as well, and we all
really enjoyed it. On our last day we went to a small island (9) _______ the lie des Pelerins, and we
saw the castle where they used to keep the “Man in the Iron Mask”. All in all, we had a great time
and the weather was really good as well The only thing I felt (10) _______ about was that we didn’t
have enough time to spare to go swimming - maybe next time.
Anyway, I must go now as I’ve got to do a bit of homework for tomorrow. Will you write soon?
1. A. says
2. A. saying
3. A. watch
C. to watch
4. A. trip
5. A. shows
6. A. set
7. A. voyage
8. A. a little
D. a few
9. A. spoken
10. A. sorry
C. displeased D. regretful
40. Hãy đọc đoạn văn sau và chọn câu trả lời tốt nhất trong số A, B, C và D.
HOOKED ON THE NET
The latest addiction to trap thousands of people is the Internet, which has been (1) _______ for
broken relationships, job losses, financial ruin, and even one suicide. Psychologists now recognize
Internet Addiction Syndrome (IAS) as a new illness that could (2) _______ serious problems and ruin
many lives. Special help groups have been set up to (3) _______ sufferers help and support.
Psychologists have described many worrying examples, including one man who took his own life
after (4) _______ more than £14.000 to feed his addiction, and a teenager who had to receive
psychiatric treatment for his 12-hour-a-day (5) _______. “This illness is not fake, and it must be
taken seriously,” said an expert in behavioural addiction at Nottingham Trent University. “These are
not sad people with serious personality (6) _______, they are people who were fine before they found
IAS is similar to other problems like gambling, smoking and drinking: addicts have dreams about
the Internet; they need to use it first thing in the morning; they (7) _______ to their partners about
how much time they spend online; they wish they could cut down, but are unable to do so. A recent
study found that many users spend up to 40 hours a week on the Internet; (8) _______ they felt guilty,
they became depressed if they were made to stop using it.
Almost anyone can be at risk. Some of the addicts are teenagers who are already (9) _______ on
computer games and who (10) _______ it very difficult to resist the games on the Internet.
Surprisingly, however, psychologists say that most victims are middle-aged housewives who have
never used a computer before.
8. A. although
9. A. taken
10. A. say
41. Hãy đọc đoạn văn sau và chọn câu trả lời tốt nhất trong số A, B, C và D.
BODY AND MIND
People have tried for over 2000 years to find a relationship (1) _______ people’s physical features
and their character, and even though there is a complete (2) _______ of evidence for such an idea, it
is still popular.
The Ancient Greeks were interested in the idea of human personality although they did not link it
with outward appearance. Later, during the Renaissance, some writers (3) _______ that there was a
direct connection between a person s character and their face, and they called this new science would
(4) _______ you know a great deal about a person simply by analysing their face. Kings and princes
were interested in the science, as they thought it might (5) _______ them to be better judges of
character, and they believed that these new skills would (6) _______ it more difficult for dishonest
courtiers to (7) _______ them in.
Despite the fact that nobody takes these theories seriously nowadays, scientists are still interested
in the basic idea. They have shown that there is a link between a person’s character and their build.
Extroverts and other confident, outgoing people are usually short and thick set, and in contrast,
people who are (8) _______ and reserved tend to be (9) _______ and thin. There is some scientific
basis to this theory because glands have such an important effect on both a person’s build and their
moods, so it is not (10) _______ to find a link between them.
6. A. change
10. A. surprising
42. Hãy đọc đoạn văn sau và chọn câu trả lời tốt nhất trong số A, B, C và D.
HOPES AND DREAMS
Some years ago, my daughter was studying English at a university on the south coast. One
evening she phoned to tell me that what she really wanted to do was (1) _______ round the world, so
she was looking into the possibility of working in another country. She had seen several (2) _______
in the newspaper for student teachers of English abroad, and she was interested in one in Italy, which
she was desperate to visit. She decided that this would be a good (3) _______ to achieve her
ambition, so she was writing to (4) _______ for the job The reply (5) _______ a long time to arrive,
but eventually she received a letter asking if she would go for an interview in London the •following
week. She was so excited that she immediately (6) _______ in touch with the school owner and
agreed to attend the interview. She was determined that nothing would prevent her (7) _______ doing
what she had set out to do. A few days before the interview she had a very strange dream in which
she (8) _______ birth to a beautiful baby. She was a little nervous and (9) _______ about the dream
and phoned to ask me what I thought it might mean. As I knew something about dreams, I was able to
assure her that it only symbolized her (10) _______ to do well in her interview.
1. A. journey
2. A. notices
3. A. path
4. A. claim
5. A. was
6. A. got
7. A. of
8. A. made
9. A. bored
10. A. desire
43. Hãy đọc đoạn văn sau và chọn câu trả lời tốt nhất trong số A, B, C và D.
THE RUINS OF POMPEII
In AD 79, Mount Vesuvius erupted, sending out a huge cloud of dust and rock that darkened the
sky. It came without warning, and the (1) _______ of the explosion was so great that it was felt from
hundreds of miles away.
In the town of Pompeii, at the foot of the volcano, the inhabitants picked up whatever belongings
they (2) _______ carry and made for the open countryside. In the terrible storm that followed, dust
and rock from the volcano rained down onto the town, filling the streets with deep layers of ash and
poisonous gas, (3) _______ it impossible for the people to get away. The town of Pompeii was
completely destroyed by the rain of death, and (4) _______ lost to the world for centuries.
Excavation work did not begin (5) _______ 1748, when Rocco Alcubierre found some wall
paintings while he was digging at the site. In the years that followed, archaeologists realized that they
had (6) _______ one of the most astonishing ruins of all time. Almost everything in Pompeii had
been (7) _______ preserved. Several houses still had their roofs, and inside the furniture and the
decorations were (8) _______ as they had been centuries earlier. There were also the remains of over
2,000 people. Some of the (9) _______ had made the mistake of sheltering in their cellars, where they
were killed by poisonous gases from the volcano. Others had been (10) _______ from escaping, and
in the prison were men who had been chained to the wall and left to die.