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English with photos and words -Little Picture Dictionary




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E-mail.: madopol(at)yahoo.com














LITTLE ENGLISH
(PICTURE)

DICTIONARY


























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Adjectives

An adjective is a word that describes something.



afraid

When you're afraid,
you are scared.


ajar

Something that is ajar
is partly open. The
door is ajar.



alike

When things are alike
they look the same.


angry

When you are angry,
you are very mad.


asleep

When you are
asleep you are
not awake.


awake

When you are awake,
you are not asleep.


bad

When something is
bad, it is has
unpleasant qualities.
The opposite of bad is
good.


big

When someone or
something is big, it is
above average size.


bigger

The boy in the middle
is bigger than the boy
on the left.


biggest

The boy on the
right is the
biggest of the
three.


black

Black is the color of a
very dark night.


blue

The sky is blue during
the day.


brave

Someone who is
brave has courage.


brittle

Something that is
brittle will break or
snap in two easily.
Potato chips are
brittle.


broken

When
something is
broken, it does
not work or
has been
damaged.



brown

Brown is the color of
wood.


clean

When something is
clean, it is not dirty.


closed

When something is
closed, it is not open.
The door is closed.


colorful

Something that is
colorful is brightly
colored or has many
colors.


courage

A quality in
which a person
can face
danger or pain
without
showing
excessive fear.




- 3 -


dark

When it is dark, there
isn't much light.


different

When things are
different they are not
the same.


dirty

When something is
dirty, it is not clean.




early

When somethings
happens early, it
occurs in the
beginning part of the
day or it occurs
before it was
expected to happen.



excellent

When
something is
excellent, it is
very, very
good.


fast

This girl can run very
fast.


fat

The opposite of fat is
thin.


fiery

Fiery means very hot.
Fiery embers flew
out of the campfire.


full

This glass is full.
Empty is the opposite
of full.



frightened

When we are
frightened, we
are afraid.


good

When something is
good, it is has nice
qualities. The opposite
of good is bad.


gray

Elephants are large,
gray mammals. Gray
paint can be made by
mixing black and
white paint.


green

Grass, broccoli, and
many other plants are
green. You can make
green paint by
mixing blue and
yellow paint.



happy

People usually smile
when they're happy.


healthy

When you are
healthy, you
are not sick.


hot

Fire is very hot.


large

When someone or
something is large, it is
above average size.


last

The last item or
person is the one at
the end.


little

When someone or
something is little, it
is below average in
size.




littler

The boy in the
middle is littler
than the boy
on the right.




- 4 -


littlest

The boy on the left is
the littlest of the three.


long

When something is
long, it is not short.


loud

The opposite of loud
is quiet.


mad

When you are mad at
someone, you are
angry with them.


many

The are many
apples above.



multicolored

Multicolored means
having many colors.


narrow

When something is
narrow, it doesn't take
up a lot space from
side to side.


new

When something is
new, it hasn't been
used before.


old

When someone or
something is old, it
has been around for a
long, long time.



open

Something that
is open is not
shut. The door
is open.


orange

Orange is a color. You
can mix red and
yellow paint to get
orange.



pink

Pink is the color you
get when you mix red
and white paint.


purple

The color purple is
made by mixing red
and blue paint.


quiet

When it is quiet there
is no noise.


red

Red is the first
color in the
rainbow.


sad

Sometimes people cry
when they're sad.


scared

When you're scared,
you are afraid.


short

When someone or
something is short, it
is below average
height.



shorter

The boy in the middle
is shorter than the
boy on the right.


shortest

The boy on the
left is the
shortest of the
three.


shut

When something is
shut, it is not open The
door is shut.


sick

When you are sick,
you are not healthy.


slow

When something is
slow it does not
move quickly.


small

When someone or
something is small, it
is below average size.



smaller

The boy in the
middle is
smaller than
the boy on the
right.



- 5 -


smallest

The boy on the left is
the smallest of the
three.


smart

Someone who is smart
can think well.


splendid

When something is
splendid, it is very,
very good.
________


straight

Something straight is
not curvy or bent.


tall

When
someone or
something is
tall, it is above
average height.



taller

The boy in the middle
is taller than the boy
on the left.


tallest

The boy on the right is
the tallest of the three.


tiny

When someone or
something is tiny, it
is very small.



tinier

The boy in the middle
is tinier than the boy
on the right.


tiniest

The boy on the
left is the
tiniest of the
three.


ugly

Something that is ugly
is not nice to look at.


unhappy

Sometimes people cry
when they're unhappy.


upside down

When something is
upside down, its top
is where its bottom
used to be.



violet

Violet is a bluish
purple color.


white

Snow is white.


wide

When something is
wide, it takes up a lot
space from side to
side.


yellow

Yellow is a color. The
sun is yellow. Lemons
are yellow.


young

When someone or
something is young,
it has only been
around for a short
time. A baby is
young.















- 6 -

Adverbs

An adverb is a word that describes an action, telling "how," "when" or "where" the action took place.



angrily

When you act
angrily, your
actions
indicate that
you are very
mad.


bravely

When you act bravely,
you face danger and act
without fear or despite
your fear. Firefighters
bravely face danger.



daily

When something
is done daily, it is
done each day.
Some people
exercise daily.


early

When something is done
early, it happens in the
beginning of the day or
before the expected time.
The sun rises early in the
day


fast
When something or
someone moves
fast, they change
position very
rapidly. The sprinter
ran fast.


fiery

When something
acts in an intense
or hot way, it is
fiery. The fire
burned hotly.


friendly

When people
act nicely to
each other, they
are being
friendly.



gracefully

When you do
something gracefully,
you do it with
elegance and beauty.
A ballerina dances
gracefully.


happily

When you do
something with
pleasure or joy, you
do it happily. She
happily helped her
brother.


harmoniously

When people, countries,
or other groups behave in
a friendly manner, they
are acting harmoniously.


horizontally

When something
moves horizontally, it
moves left and right.
Trains travel
horizontally along their
tracks.


joyfully

When you do
something with
great pleasure or
happiness, you do it
joyfully. She
joyfully went on
vacation.



late

When something
happens late, it is
done after the
expected time or is
done towards the
end of the day.


magically

When something is
done with magic and
mystery, it is done
magically. The rabbit
appeared magically out
of the magician's hat.


monthly

When something
is done monthly,
it is done each
month. People
pay their bills
monthly.



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quickly
When something
or someone moves
quickly, they
change position
very rapidly. An
athlete runs
quickly.


rapidly
When something or
someone moves rapidly,
they change position very
quickly. A cheetah runs
rapidly.


sadly

People behave
sadly when they
are sad or
depressed. She
cried sadly when
she found out the
bad news.


strenuously

When you do
something
strenuously, you
put a lot of force
and energy into it.


vertically

When something
moves vertically, it
moves up and down.
Elevators move
vertically in a
building.


violently

When something acts violently,
it uses great force. The wind in
a tornado spins violently.


weekly

When something is
done weekly, it is
done each week. Sue
shops weekly for
groceries.


wiggly

When something
or someone is
wiggly, it twists
and moves all over.


yearly

When something is done
yearly, it is done each year.
People celebrate their birthday
yearly.



Astronomy-Related Words



asteroid

Asteroids are tiny
planets that mostly orbit
between Mars and
Jupiter.


asteroid belt

The asteroid belt is a
doughnut-shaped
concentration of
asteroids that orbit
the Sun between the
orbits of Mars and
Jupiter.



astronaut

An astronaut
goes up into
space to explore.


astronomer

Astronomers are
people who study
astronomy and
learn about
objects in the
universe, like
stars and planets.


astronomy

Astronomy is the
science that studies the
universe.



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atmosphere

The atmosphere is the
gas that surrounds a
planet.


atom

Everything is made
up of tiny atoms.

aurora

Auroras are
beautiful lights
in the near-polar
sky.


Big Dipper

The Big Dipper is
a group of 7 stars
contained in the
Northern
Hemisphere
constellation Ursa
major (the Great
Bear).

1,000,000,000

billion

A billion is a thousand
million. The Earth is
billions of years old.


comet

A comet is the a small,
icy object that orbit the
Sun. It's tail always
points away from the
sun.


constellation

A constellation
is a group of
stars that we
see in the sky.
They are not
necessarily
located
together in
space, but
looks as though
they are from
Earth.



crescent
moon

A crescent
moon is smaller
than a half
moon.


Earth

The Earth is the
third planet from
the sun. It's where
we live!


eclipse

An eclipse happens
when the moon blocks
out light from the sun
or the Earth's shadow
goes across the moon.


falling star

A falling star is not a
star; it is a meteor
(made of rock and/or
iron) which is burning
up in the Earth's
atmosphere.



full moon

A full moon appears
as an entire circle in
the sky.


galaxy

A galaxy is an
enormous group
of stars.

gibbous moon

A gibbous moon
is between a half
moon and a full
moon.

half moon

A half moon looks like
half a circle.



- 9 -


Jupiter

Jupiter is the largest
planet in our solar
system and the fifth
planet from the sun.


Little Dipper

The Little Dipper is a
group of stars in the
constellation Ursa
minor (the Little
Bear). This group of
stars ends at Polaris,
the pole star of the
Northern
Hemisphere.


Mars

Mars is a
reddish planet
and the fourth
planet from the
sun. It is the
planet that
comes closest to
the Earth.


Mercury

Mercury is a
moonless planet;
it is the planet
closest to the Sun.


meteor

A meteor is a
meteoroid that has
entered the Earth's
atmosphere, usually
making a fiery trail as
it falls. It is sometimes
called a shooting star.
Most burn up before
hitting the Earth.



meteorite

A meteorite is a meteor
that has fallen to Earth.
Meteorites are made of
stone, iron, or stony-
iron.


meteoroid

Meteoroids are tiny
stones or pieces of
metal that travel
through space.


meteor
shower

A meteor
shower is when
a lot of meteor
fall through the
atmosphere in a
short time.



Milky Way

The Milky Way is
a bright line of
stars stretching
across the night
sky.


Milky Way Galaxy

Our solar system is in
the Milky Way galaxy.
We can see the Milky
Way as a band of stars
in the night sky.


moon

The Earth has one
moon. The moon has no
atmosphere. The same
side of the moon always
faces the Earth.


nebula

A nebula is a cloud of
gas and dust in space.


Neptune

Neptune is the
eighth planet
from the Sun.
This frozen
planet has 8
moons.


North Star

The north star is a
star that is located
almost due north
and is useful for
navigation.
Polaris is
currently the pole
star of the
Northern
Hemisphere.



observatory

An observatory is place
where people observe
the skies, using a
device like a telescope.




- 10 -


orbit

The Moon orbits the
Earth. The Earth orbits
the Sun.


phases of the
Moon

As the moon circles
the Earth, the shape
of the Moon appears
to change. The phases
of the Moon are: the
new moon, waxing
crescent, first quarter,
waxing gibbous, full
moon, waning
gibbous, last quarter,
and waning crescent.


planet

Nine planets
orbit our Sun.


planetarium

Planetariums put
on star shows that
teach astronomy.


Pluto

Pluto is the ninth and
usually the farthest
planet from the Sun.
Pluto is the smallest
planet in our Solar
System.


quasar

A quasar is a distant
energy source in space
which gives off large
amounts of radiation.


satellite

Satellites orbit the
Earth.


Saturn

Saturn is the
sixth planet
from the Sun. It
has beautiful
rings.

shooting star

A shooting star is
not a star; it is a
meteor (made of
rock and/or iron)
which is burning
up in the Earth's
atmosphere.



Solar System

In our Solar System,
nine planets, many
asteroids, comets, and
other objects orbit
around our sun.


space shuttle

The space shuttle flies
into space and back
down again, carrying
people and equipment.


spacesuit

Astronauts wear
spacesuits when they
walk in space.


stars

Each of the stars
we see in the
night sky is
another sun, but
much farther
away than our
sun.


Sun

The Sun is a
medium-sized
yellow star in our
Solar System. We
get our light and
most of our
energy from the
Sun.



Uranus

Uranus is the seventh
planet from the Sun.
Uranus looks bluish
and is covered with
clouds. It has an
unusual, tipped axis,
which gives it extreme
seasons.



- 11 -


Venus

Venus is the second
planet from the Sun and
the hottest planet in our
Solar System. From the
Earth, Venus is the
brightest object in the
sky except for the Sun
and the Moon.

zodiac

The zodiac is a band
of 12 constellations
(groups of stars) in
the sky, including
Capricorn, Aquarius,
Sagittarius, Scorpio,
Libra, Virgo, Leo,
Cancer, Gemini,
Taurus, Aries, and
Pisces.


At the Firehouse: Words



ambulance

An ambulance
takes sick
people to the
hospital.


ax

An ax is useful for
chopping wood.


boots

Boots are a type of shoe.
Boots cover the feet and
part of the lower legs.


Dalmatian

The Dalmatian is a
white dog that has
dark spots.


danger

You can get hurt
in a dangerous
situation.


fire

Fire is very hot.

firefighter

A firefighter is a person
who puts out fires and
saves people's lives.


fire truck

Fire fighters on a fire
truck help put out fires.

flame

A flame is a fire.


flashlight

A flashlight
helps you find
your way in the
dark.


hatchet

A hatchet is an
ax with a short
handle.


helmet

A helmet protects your
head. Firefighters wear
helmets.

hero

A hero is someone who is
admired for great courage,
noble character, and
performing good deeds,
like a firefighter.

hose

Water flows
through a hose.


hydrant

Fire fighters
hook a hose up
to a fire hydrant
to get water.



- 12 -


ladder

You can climb
up a ladder to
reach tall
things.


rope

A rope is useful for tying
things together.


water

Water is a liquid that can
put out some types of
fires.


wrench

A wrench is a tool
that turns nuts or
bolts, like those on
a fire hydrant.


Bathroom-Related Words



bathtub

You take a bath in a
bathtub.


bubbles

It is fun to
blow soap
bubbles!


comb

A comb is a used to
smooth or untangle hair.


eyedropper

An eyedropper is used to
drop liquids one drop at
a time.


faucet

You can turn water
flow on or off at a
faucet.


hairbrush

A hairbrush is used
to brush and
untangle hair.


mirror

You can see
your reflection
in a mirror.


shampoo

A shampoo is a liquid
soap used to wash hair.
When you shampoo your
hair, you wash it.


shower

When you shower, you
wash your body in a
stream of falling water.


sink

We can wash our
hands at a sink.


soap

Soap and water help
clean things.


toilet

Toilets are in
bathrooms.


toothbrush

You can keep your teeth
healthy by using a
toothbrush to clean them.


toothpaste

You use toothpaste to
clean your teeth.


towel

You can dry things
with a towel.


tub

A tub is a large
container. Tub is
also another word
for bathtub.





- 13 -
At the Beach:
Beach-Related Words



ball

A ball is round
and fun to
bounce, throw,
kick, or catch.


bathing suit

A bathing suit is a
garment you wear
while swimming.



beach

A beach is where the
water meets the land.
You can build sand
castles on the beach.


clam

Clams are animals
with two shells.
They burrow under
the sand.


coral reef

Coral reefs are warm,
clear, shallow ocean
habitats that are rich in
life.


crab

A crab has a
hard shell and
eyes on stalks
on its head.


fiddler crab

The fiddler crab is
small crab that lives
on beaches. The
male fiddler crab
has one enlarged
claw.



fish

Fish live in the water
and breathe with gills.


fishing rod

People use fishing
rods to catch fish.


hammock

A hammock is a large
net or cloth that is used
for sleeping or
relaxing; it is hung up
by both ends.


ice cream
cone

An ice cream
cone is nice to
eat on a hot
summer day.


intertidal zone

The intertidal zone
is where the sea
meets the land, the
area between high
tide and low tide.



kelp

Kelp is brown seaweed
that grows in cold
water.


kite

You can fly a kite
on windy days.


net

A net is used to catch
things.


popsicle

A popsicles is a
sweet, frozen
treat on a stick.



reef

Reefs are warm,
clear, shallow ocean
habitats that are rich
in life.


sand

Sand is a loose material
composed of fine
debris of rock and
mineral particles.


sandals

S andals are open
shoes worn in warm
weather.


sandcastle

A sandcastle is a small
castle made of damp
sand.



- 14 -


sand dollar

Sand Dollars are
coin-shaped
spiny-skinned
sea bed animals
that have 5-part
radial symmetry.


sea

A sea is a large
body of salt water
that is connected to
an ocean. A sea may
be partly or
completely
surrounded by land.


sea gull

Sea gull is the common
name for some birds
that live near oceans
and lakes.


seaweed

Seaweed is a plant
that lives in the sea.


shell

Some animals grow a
shell for protection.


starfish

Starfish (also
known as sea
stars) are
animals that live
on the ocean
floor.


Sun

The Sun is a
medium-sized
yellow star in our
Solar System. We
get our light and
most of our energy
from the Sun.


swim

When you swim, you
move around in the
water.


swim fins

People wear swim
fins on their feet to
help them swim.


towel

You can dry things
with a towel.


trash can

A trash can
holds garbage.


wave

There are waves of
water in the ocean.


whelk

Whelks are ocean
animals with a hard,
spiral shell.




















- 15 -
Bird-Related Words



albatross

The albatross is
web-footed bird
that can fly for
a long period of
time.

Arctic tern

The Arctic tern is a
small bird that flies
from the Arctic to the
Antarctic and back
again each year.


bald eagle

The bald eagle is a
large bird of prey. It
is the symbol of the
USA.

beak

A beak is the hard,
outer part of a some
animal's mouth. Birds,
octopi, squid, and
other animals have
beaks. Some dinosaurs
had them too.

biped

A biped is an animal
that walks on two legs.
People and birds are
bipeds. Tyrannosaurus
rex was a biped.


bird

Birds have
feathers and
wings. Most
birds can fly.


blackbird

Blackbirds are black!

bluebird

The bluebird is a
beautiful song bird
that is the symbol of
many of the states in
the USA.


blue jay

The blue jay is a
beautiful, noisy blue
bird.

bones

Bones are hard,
structural parts of the
body of many animals,
including birds.


cage

Some people
keep birds in
cages.


Canada goose

The Canada goose is
a large North
American bird that
honks.


canary

Canaries sing very
well.

cardinal

The Northern Cardinal
is a bird with a short,
wide bill. The male is
bright red; the female
is brownish-red.


carnivore

Carnivores are
organisms that eat
meat. Many birds, like
eagles, are carnivores.

cassowary

A huge,
flightless bird
from Australia
with a helmet-
like crest on its
head.


chick

A chick is a baby
chicken. Some other
baby birds are also
called chicks.


chicken

A chicken is a farm
animal.

claw

A claw is a hard,
sharp, curved nail on
the feet of some
animals. Bears, cats,
birds, dinosaurs, and
many other animals
have claws.

cockatoo

Cockatoos are birds
that have a large,
feathery crest and a
hooked bill. They are
from Australia and
Indonesia.




- 16 -


crane

The crane is a
wading bird with
a long neck, a
long bill, and long
legs.


crow

A crow is a very
smart black bird.


cuckoo

Cuckoos are birds whose call
sounds like coo-coo.


dodo

The dodo is an
extinct, flightless
bird that lived on
an island in the
Indian Ocean
near Africa.


dove

The dove is a bird
that is a symbol
of peace.


duck

Ducks are birds
that have webbed
feet and a
flattened bill.
They swim well
and live near the
water.


duckling

A duckling is a
young duck.


eagle

The eagle is a large bird of prey.
It has a hooked bill and sharp
talons.


egret

The egret is a
large wading
bird.


emperor
penguin

The emperor
penguin is the
largest penguin; it
lives on ice packs
in Antarctica.


emu

The emu is a large
Australian bird
that cannot fly.

endangered
species

Endangered species
are types of
animals or plants
that may become
extinct soon. Many
birds species are
endangered.


extinct

When a group of animals or
plants goes extinct, they are
gone forever. Some extinct
animals include dinosaurs,
saber-toothed cats, and dodo
birds.


feather

Birds have
feathers.


flamingo

The flamingo is a
pink bird that eats
shrimp.



- 17 -


fly

The fly is a small,
flying insect.

food web

The food web (or
food chain) is all of
the interactions
between predators
and prey in which
plants and animals
obtain food.


goldfish

A goldfish is a type of carp that
makes a nice pet.


goose

Geese are
migrating birds
that honk!


gosling

A gosling is a
baby goose


great horned
owl

The great horned
owl is a large bird
of prey from
North and South
America.

groundhog

The groundhog is a
rodent that is also
called the
woodchuck.


gull

Gulls are birds that live near
oceans and lakes.


guppy

Guppies are a
type of small
tropical fish.


habitat

A habitat is the
natural place
where a plant or
an animal lives.
For example, a
toucan's habitat is
the rainforest.


harpy eagle

The harpy eagle is
one of the largest
eagles in the
world. It lives in
rainforests of
Central America
and South
America.


hawk

The hawk is a bird
of prey, a raptor.


hen

A hen is a female chicken. Hens
lay eggs.


heron

A large wading
bird with
distinctive
plumage and a
long, sharp bill.


hummingbird

Hummingbirds
are tiny birds that
drink flower
nectar. They can
hover in the air
and even fly
backwards.



- 18 -


jay

Jays are beautiful,
noisy birds.

junco

This junco is a
small songbird
from North
America.


kakapo

The kakapo is a large, flightless,
nocturnal, solitary parrot from
New Zealand.


kiwi

The kiwi is a
chicken-sized
flightless bird
from New
Zealand. It is
generally
nocturnal (most
active at night).


kookaburra

The kookaburra
is an Australian
bird whose call
sounds like
laughing.


macaroni
penguin

The macaroni
penguin is a
penguin from the
Antarctic that has
a yellow, feathery
crest on its head.

macaw

Macaws are parrots
from rainforests in
the Americas.


mallard

The Mallard is a common wild
duck.


meadowlark

The meadowlark
is a brightly-
colored songbird
that lives in
meadows and
grasslands.


moa

The moa were
huge, extinct,
flightless birds
from New
Zealand.


mockingbird

The mockingbird
is a North
American bird
that can mimic the
songs of many
other birds.


nene

The nene is
Hawaii's state bird.
It is an endangered
goose that lives on
volcanic slopes.


nest

Some animals, like birds, make
nests to hold their young - even
some dinosaurs built nests for
their eggs.


nightingale

The nightingale is
a bird that sings
beautiful songs.


nocturnal

Nocturnal
animals are more
active at night.
Owls are
nocturnal birds.



- 19 -


nuthatch

The nuthatch is a
small perching
bird that can
climb down trees
and opens nuts
using its bill like a
hatchet.

oriole

The oriole is a
black and orange
bird that eats fruit
and nectar. It builds
a hanging nest.


oropendola

The crested oropendola is a
tropical black bird that makes
long, pendulous nests.


ostrich

The ostrich is the
largest bird. It
can't fly, but it
runs very fast.


owl

Owls are birds of
prey that have
large eyes and
very good
eyesight. Most
owls hunt at
night.


parrot

The parrot is a
beautiful bird that
can imitate
sounds very well.


peacock

The peacock is a
beautiful bird from
india. The male has
a large train of
feathers.


pelican

The pelican is fish-eating bird
with a huge, pouched bill.


penguin

Penguins are
birds that cannot
fly but swim very
well.


peregrine
falcon

The peregrine
falcon is the
fastest-flying
bird. It prey upon
other birds.


pets

Pets are animals
that live with us,
like parrots and
canaries.


pigeon

There are a lot of
pigeons in cities.


prairie chicken

The prairie chicken is a bird that
lives in grasslands of North
America.


puffin

The puffin is an
Arctic sea bird.

quail

A quail is a
bird; it spends a
lot of time on
the ground.

quetzal

The quetzal is a
beautiful rain
forest bird with
very long tail
feathers.


rainbow lorikeet

A small, colorful,
brush-tongued
parrot from
Australia.


rhea

The rhea is a large, flightless
bird from South America.


roadrunner

The roadrunner is
a bird is a fast
running bird that
rarely flies.


robin

The robin is a
common bird
with red-colored
feathers on its
breast.



- 20 -


rockhopper
penguin

The rockhopper
penguin is a
small, aggressive,
crested bird that
cannot fly.


sea gull

The sea gull is the
common name for
some birds that live
near oceans and
lakes.


snow goose

The snow goose is a migratory
bird from North America.


snowy owl

The snowy owl is
a white owl that
lives in the North
American tundra
(a cold, snowy
environment).

sparrow

The sparrow is a
small, common
songbird.


spotted owl

The spotted owl is
an owl from the
Pacific coast of
North America.


swan

Swans are long-
necked water birds.


tern

Terns are birds that are
sometimes called "sea
swallows."


toucan
The toucan is a
rainforest bird
that has a big,
colorful beak.


turkey

Turkeys are
large birds that
nest on the
ground.


umbrellabird

The Umbrellabird
is a rain forest
bird with a large
tuft of feathers on
its head.


vulture

The vulture is a
big, bald-headed
bird that eats dead
animals.


woodpecker

The woodpecker is a bird that
can peck holes in trees.

xenops

Xenops is a
rainforest bird
from the
Americas.





- 21 -




Birthday-Related Words



balloons

Balloons are rubber
sacks that are filled
with air or other
gases.


birthday

You have a
birthday every
year.


birthday cake

Birthday cakes are
sweet and delicious!


cake

Cake is a sweet
dessert.

candle

A candle is a stick of wax
with a wick that can burn.


candy

Candy is very sweet.


children

Children are
young people.


chocolate

Chocolate is a tasty
treat made from
cocoa beans and
sugar.


clown

Clowns are people
who dress up in
funny clothes and
try to make you
laugh.


cupcake

A cupcake is a tiny cake.


gift

It's nice to give
gifts. It's nice to get
them too.


ice cream

Ice cream is
cold, creamy,
and sweet
treat.


juice

Juice is pressed from
fruit or vegetables.


lollipop

A lollipop is candy
on a stick.


paper plate

A paper plate is a
disposable plate that is
made out of paper. People
use paper plates at picnics
and some parties.


pizza

Pizza is made of
dough that is
covered with tomato
sauce and cheese; it
is baked in an oven.


popsicle

A popsicles is
a sweet, frozen
treat on a
stick.


present

A present is a gift,
something you give
to someone.


ribbon

You can tie a bow
in a ribbon to
decorate
something.


toys

We play with toys.






- 22 -




Body-Related Words



anatomy

Anatomy is a
science that
studies the body.


ankle

The ankle is the
joint between your
foot and leg.


bandage

A bandage is a clean pad
that is used to cover and
protect cuts and other
injuries.


biped

A biped is an animal
that walks on two legs.
People are bipeds.
Tyrannosaurus rex was
a biped.


body

Everyone has a
body.


bones

Bones are hard,
structural parts of
the body of many
animals. We have
206 bones in our
skeleton.


brain

We think with our
brain. The brain is
protected by the
skull.

cheek

The cheeks are the sides
of the face between the
mouth area and the ear.

chin

The chin is the part of
the face below the
mouth.


ear

We hear things
with our ears.
Our ears give us
a sense of
hearing.


elbow

The elbow is the
joint in the middle
of your arm.


eye

We see with our
eyes. Our eyes give
us a sense of sight.


eyebrow

The eyebrows are dense
patches of hair above the
eyes.


eyelash

Eyelashes are long
hairs on the edges of
the eyelids.


eyelid

Eyelids are flaps
of skin that cover
and protect our
eyes.


face

This is a funny
face!


feet

We have ten toes
on our feet.


femur

The femur is the upper
leg (thigh) bone. It is the
longest bone in the
human body.


finger

We have five fingers
on each hand.


fingernail

Fingernails grow
at the ends of
your fingers.



- 23 -


fingerprint

The pattern marks
on our fingertips
are fingerprints.


foot

We have five toes
on each foot.


forehead

The forehead is the part
of the face that is above
the eyebrows and below
the hair.


hair

Hair grows on all
mammals.


hand

We can do
amazing things
with our hands.


head

We all have a
head on our
shoulders.


healthy

When you are
healthy, you are not
sick.


heart

Your heart pumps blood
throughout your body.


heel

The heel is the back
part of the foot.

hips

Your hips are
below your waist
and above your
legs.


intestines

Intestines are a
part of the
digestive system.
The intestines
help digest food,
absorb it into the
body, and excrete
waste.


iris

The colored part of
the eye around the
pupil is the iris.


jaws

Jaws let you open and
close your mouth and
take bites.


kidney

The kidney are bean-
shaped organs that take
waste from the blood
and produce urine.

knee

The knee is
where the leg
bends. It it
between the
lower leg and the
upper leg (the
thigh).


legs

Many animals
have legs. People
have two legs,
cows have four
legs, insects have
six legs, and
spiders have eight
legs. Tables and
chairs also have
legs.


lips

Chickens don't
have lips, but
people do.


lungs

Some animals use lungs
to breathe. People have
lungs.


mouth

We use our mouths to
eat and talk.


nail

Nails are hard
scales that grow
at the ends of
your fingers.



- 24 -


naked

When you are
naked, you aren't
wearing any
clothes.


neck

Your neck is
between your head
and your shoulders.


nose

We use the nose to
breathe; it also gives us a
sense of smell.


nurse

A nurse takes care of
you when you're sick or
hurt.


pupil

A pupil is the
opening in the
center of the
eye's iris - the
pupil looks like a
black circle in the
middle of the
eye.


shoulder

Your shoulders
are under your
neck.


skeleton

A skeleton is the
set of bones in a
body. People have
skeletons, and so
do many other
animals.


skin

The skin is the outer
covering of our body.


skull

The skull is the bony
structure of head that
encloses the brain and
supports the jaws. This
is a T. rex skull.


tongue

Our tongue helps
us eat, taste, and
talk.


spine

The spine (also
called the
backbone) is a
series of
connected bones
in the back that
surround and
protect the spinal
cord.


stomach

The stomach is a
pouch-like organ
that is part of the
digestive system.
The stomach helps
digest food by
churning it in an
acid bath.


thumb

The thumb is the widest
finger on a person's hand.
The thumb is next to the
pointing finger. All apes
(like gorillas and chimps)
have thumbs.


toe

We have five toes on
each foot.


toenail

Toenails grow at
the ends of your
toes.


tooth

We use our teeth
to chew food.
Teeth are held in
the gums by roots.


vertebra

A vertebra is one of the series
of small, connected bones in
the spine that surround and
protect the spinal cord. The
plural of vertebra is
vertebrae.


waist

The waist is the middle
of the body, between the
chest and the hips.


x-ray

An x-ray is a picture of
your bones or teeth.






- 25 -

Building-Related Words



arch

An arch is a curved
opening.


bank

You can put your
money in a bank
for safe keeping.


brick

This fireplace is
made out of bricks.


building

A building is a
structure built by
people.


cabin

A cabin is a small,
simple house.


castle

A castle is a huge,
fancy building where a
king or queen lives.


church

Some people
worship in
churches.


doghouse

Some dogs live in
doghouses.


door

You can go in and out
through a door.


elevator

An elevator carries
people and things up
and down a tall
building.


entrance

You can go into an
area through an
entrance.


exit

You can leave an
area through an
exit.


factory

Many items, like
cars, are made in
factories.


gargoyle

Gargoyles are stone
sculptures of grotesque
creatures that sit
perched atop some
buildings; they act as
waterspouts.


greenhouse

A greenhouse is a
building, usually
made out of glass, in
which people grow
plants.


home

Home is where you
live.


house

Some people live
in houses.


hut

A hut is a small,
simple shelter.


igloo

An igloo is a house
made out of blocks of
ice. Brr!


library

Libraries have books,
tapes, and computer
programs.

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