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ENGLISH PHRASAL VERBS AND HOW TO STUDY THEM EFFECTIVELLY

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ENGLISH PHRASAL VERBS AND HOW TO STUDY
THEM EFFECTIVELLY
Abstract
In studying a foreign language, learners could not pay attention to only its
pronunciation, vocabulary but also its grammar. The learners, in fact, have to
meet grammatical problem very much such as: tense, adjective, adverb…
especially phrasal verbs. The correct use of phrasal verbs is complex and
difficult problem in English grammar. It requires learners to have a very
good knowledge of verbs and how to use them effectively. Therefore, in my
study, I describe research to phrasal verbs in English and how to study them
effectively. I present definition, some ways to use phrasal verbs better.
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Outline of the report
I. Introduction
II. Aims
III. Procedure
IV. Findings
1. Definitions of phrasal verbs
2. Classification of phrasal verbs

3. How to study English phrasal verbs effectively
V. Analysis and Interpretation
1. Definitions of phrasal verbs
1.1. According to Tom McArthur
1.2. According to Dictionary.com Unabridged
2. Classification of phrasal verbs
2.1. Intransitive phrasal verbs
2.2. Transitive phrasal verbs
3. How to study English phrasal verbs effectively
3.1. Studying phrasal verbs through combination of the verbs
with particles/ prepositions
3.2. Studying phrasal verbs through pairs of antonym
3.3. Studying phrasal verbs through topic
VI. Conclusion
VII. Recommendation
Reference
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I. INTRODUCTION
Together with the development of information industry, English, nowadays,
has become more and more dominant in every continent. In Vietnam,
English has an important position in many fields such as information and
technology, science, economy and even political system. In English as well
as in other languages, Grammar plays an important role, it will help learners
listen, speak, read, write English correctly. However, Grammar is not always
simple.
During the time studying English at university, I personally realize that
Phrasal verbs are one of the most difficult parts in English grammar. A
Phrasal verbs is a phrase consisting of a verb and either or both a preposition
or adverb, that has idiomatic meaning. Moreover, the complex structure of
phrasal verbs sometimes also makes learners confused. Thus, though this
study I will help learners understand more about phrasal verbs and use it
more effective.
II. Aims of the study
The use of phrasal verbs is so popular in English. However, it is not quite
easy for learners to master. Therefore, English learner always meet
difficulties even misunderstand and use wrongly. I will give some
background information about the Phrasal verbs .For this reason, I have
choose this subject for my study.
III. Procedure


From the above aims, the following methods have been used:
_ Collecting all data and information
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_ Studying many grammar books
_ Searching on internet and other sources
_ Asking for advice from teacher and friends
IV. Findings
1. Definitions of phrasal verbs
_ According to Tom McArthur
_ According to Dictionary.com Unabridged
2 . How to study English phrasal verbs effectively
_ Studying phrasal verbs through combination of the verbs with particles/
prepositions
_ Studying phrasal verbs through pairs of synonym
_ Studying phrasal verbs through topic
V. Analysis and Interpretation
1. Definitions of phrasal verbs
There are a variety of definitions of phrasal verbs
1.1. According to Tom McArthur
“A phrasal verb is a combination of a verb and a preposition, a verb and an
adverb, or a verb with both an adverb and a preposition, any of which are
part of the syntax of the sentence, and so are complete semantic units.
Sentences, however, may contain direct and indirect objects in addition to
the phrasal verbs. Phrasal verbs are particularly frequent in the English
language. A phrasal verb often has a meaning which is different from the
original verb.”
1.2. According to Dictionary.com Unabridged
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“A phrasal verb is a combination of verb and one or more adverbial or
prepositional particles, as catch on, take off, bring up, or put up with,
functioning as a single semantic unit and often having an idiomatic meaning
that could not be predicted from the meanings of the individual parts.”
“A Phrasal Verb is an English verb which is composed of two or three
words. One verb is combined with a preposition (like on, in, under) or an
adverb (like up, down, away). Sometimes a phrasal verb can have a meaning
that is very different to the meaning of at least one of those two or three
words separately. Phrasal verbs are used more frequently in everyday speech
than in formal, official writing or speaking.”
2. How to study English phrasal verbs effectively
2.1. Studying phrasal verbs through combination of the verbs with
particles/ prepositions
In English, the verbs can combine with many particles/ preposition and
each combination form a different meaning. Thus, I will give a list of verbs
and the particles/ preposition; they can combine with to remember easily.
Here are some common verbs with particles:
• Phrasal verbs with “take”
_ Take up _To begin or start a new hobby.
‘He took up jogging after his doctor advised him to get some
exercise.’
_ Take out – To remove something to outside
‘Take out the rubbish when you leave.
_ Take in – To understand or comprehend something.
‘Sarah couldn’t take in all the information at the meeting.’
_ Take after – To have a similar character or personality to a family
member.
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