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skkn một số kinh nghiệm về giảng dạy phân môn luyện từ và câu lớp 2-3

M ột s ố kinh nghiệm về giảng dạy phân môn luyện từ và câu lớp 2-3
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MT S KINH NGHIM
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M ột s ố kinh nghiệm về giảng dạy phân môn luyện từ và câu lớp 2-3
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I-Thực trạng tình hình
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-i7931B9.IB<._7->B79^0I->E719.A79TOG71]-QH71d79bH.1239.iS123C.71QRS+
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83xAG>=QHgŽ167971d79123C.715H79=G3A9.IB<._73z793?7QU7QW79.d=1E71
A71CBCI71<HCk<F-CBCI71D23C.7131L=S1Z7b.:->H715O31KL`33I3QBO.3Z0e/=.
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5W-CNe.71791.:5K/S1Z7b.:-1E71A71CBCI71<R.Ck<F-CBCI714S1Z7b.:-3Z0e/=.
QH9Ep.QH59Ep.187HBpŽ.71791.:5<l9.A79TOGTO79bH.-FSg†{.@7T]03Z0
-1v311`S<HBKBO7<|7‡
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M ột s ố kinh nghiệm về giảng dạy phân môn luyện từ và câu lớp 2-3
BK~=bH7->Lq79-6.QHe10<k37679-1674->E71TWTZ7->v3?7-1]S479BH.<.:3123
-FSV71H43I3J53?7S1A.QH57;7v-3;-1q.9.=7123bH.<H 8Sxi3<R.x‰1W.7_73I3
J53?7>Y->l4-1•7-1m79e1.f79xX3I3-E7110N799.=B 8S->B79CI319.IBe1B=D
W-CNS1Y10G713?79.=Be1BI7<.:3123-FS3j=3B7J51231B71H->Lq79D
ˆ=0KZGQH5W-CNe8-^0AK.@0->=-1k3-83j=-6.-O.QRS+g
[79CN123C.71g++J5D>B79K;g+J51./0KL`3791•=3j=5W-CN-P<HKo-3Z0
<R.-PK‰31B-LM79KN.31v71xI3Dh)J53;-1/Ko-3Z0<R.-PK‰31B71L79e1.G_03a0
9.A.791•=3j=-P-1E3I3J53?7Qi79-i79DCN123C.713?7QO.e1679-1/Ko-3Z01Bo3Ko-
3Z0e167931v71xI3D1v71<E-185He1.G_03a0<.8-KBO7<|73;e1BA79•J5b.8-
Tm79-PKo-3Z04b.8-Tm79T]03Z031v71xI34T.•7KO-927Dh•J5Tm79-P-1.8031v71xI3
1Bo33?7Tm79-PK~=S1LM79e1.<.8-<|74b.8-CXTY79-LM79KN.31v71xI33I3T]03Z0D
ˆN123C.713?7QO.31L=b.8-Tm79-PKo-3Z0431L=b.8-31]53Z0e1.<.8-<|74T.•7KO-
-1.80->6.31AG1Bo379Lq.K23e1679-1/1./0KL`3K.@03I3J550;77;.D
{=CN123C.713?7QU7QW79.d=1E71A71CBCI71<HCk<F-KL`3CBCI71e1.-E5Ck<F-
KL`3CBCI711B|3-E51E71A71CBCI71->B795W-KBO7<|7D.:3Ko-3Z03;1E71A71CB
CI71-1EK=CN123C.713?7G80D
II – Một số giải pháp cụ thể
1JB-6.450N7 8-TOG3;1.:0^0AK?.1r.9.IB<._7S1A.7t5-1F-31t37W.T079
31LM79->E7147t5-1F-31t3e.87-1f33a7->0G@7-1Y3;71L-189.IB<._75R.Q.711BO-4
CI79-OB->B79^0I->E71Q_7QRSD‘V.<FG479=G-PKa07|5123-6.K‰3;e81BO31791._7
3f04S1Z736793I3K€7931v->B79-[S1Y->I31310G_7K@Q0G:7-P<H3Z0-1JB+bLR3g
‘LR3hg[31f331B3I39.IB<._7KL`3 8S-10Q…-10G8-
‘LR3)gOG-1/1.:7310G_7K@
‘LR3+g{i3>i-e.71791.:5<H->./7e1=.ISTY79310G_7K@->B799.A79TOGD
R.310G_7K@Q0G:7-P<H3Z031i79-6.K‰->./7e1=.KL`33I37W.T079C=0g
h*Cách m! rộng vốn từ ngữ cho học sinhg
{/123C.713;5W-<N7-P 879.:-41./0791•=3j=-P4<F7TY79-P79dK‰123K/
Ko-3Z0<.8-KB=7<|74<.:3Ka0 _7QH9.iS3I3J5791J47;.41./0-LM79KN.-N-<@791•=
3j=-PD0N7<FG9.IB<._73a75V>W79<N7-P31B123C.71-1679^0=<.:3TOG-FS
K23DˆI319.IBe1B=.879.:-QRS)*+KL`3xZGTk79-1JB)->Y3QH31jK./5<He•7|794
->B79K;31jK./5KL`3Q]GQH5e107931B3A30N7CI3143?7e•7|79KL`3Q]GQH5
e107931B-P79-0a74-P79KM7<~123D1679^0=<.:3-E51./07W.T079bH.-FSK235H
9.IB<._75V>W79<H30793]S<N7-P31B123C.71D0N7<FG49.IB<._73a7xI3K~71
71d79-P3a7-E51./0791•=->B79bH.-FSK23K;QHg
*P79de1;KN.<R.123C.71KL`331i9.A.VC=0bH.-FSK23
*P79dS1[-16795H123C.71K~=S1LM7931L=^0J7D
*P79dK;79<=.->?^0=7->279K/1./07W.T079bH.-FSK23
{N.<R.3I3-P79d3?7QO.780123C.717HB31L=1./049.IB<._79.A.-1v31>._7931B123
C.71K;1Bo3-OBK.@0e.:7K/123C.71e1I39.A.-1v319.iS4e167971]--1.8-S1A.KL=>=
9.A.-1v313107931B3AQRSD
.IB<._73a79.A.791•=-Pe1;31BˆTk=<HB<N7-P3I3J5K‰3;K/9.A.791•=4
9.A.791•=bc79K€Tm79TOG123<F--1F-1Bo331B123C.71QH571d79bH.-FS71rK/
7t5791•=3j=-P71Lg-E5-PK€79791•=4->I.791•=45._0-ACk<F-S1N.1`S<R.KW79
-I343X31nD{o-3Z0<R.-P3a79.A.791•=D>_73MCVK;9.iS3I3J5 8S-10e.87-1f3<@
<N7-P4791•=3j=-PD>B79S1a7-E51.@0791•=3j=-Pg-PK€79791•=4->I.791•=4791•=
31v714791•=5V>W79\K/123C.71 8S-10<H<F7TY79-N-e.87-1f331i79-=3a7S1N.
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M ột s ố kinh nghiệm về giảng dạy phân môn luyện từ và câu lớp 2-3
1`S71.@03I31-[31f331B123C.71-1ABQ0F74CL0-a54Q0G:7-FS<HB<|73A713Y-1/K/
7t5KL`3791•=3j=71;5-PK;D
)*Một số căn cứ để phân biệt từ chỉ sự vật, hoạt động, trạng thái, từ chỉ đặc
điểm.
,QRS)4+31i79-=31L=7_0K~71791•=<@T=71-P4KW79-P4-v71-P5H31n7_0V
TO79-P31nCk<F-4->O79-1I.4-P31n-v7131]-Ko3K./5D
’791•=e1I.^0I-gP31nCk<F-Š=71-P•
P31n1BO-KW794->O79-1I.Š{W79-P•
P31n-v7131]-4Ko3K./5Šv71-P•
=• {/S1Z7b.:-3I3-PQBO.->_7-=Tk=<HBe1A7|79e8-1`S3j=-P
P31nC.71<F-3;e1A7|79e8-1`S<R.g-]-3A471d7943I345w.452.47HG4e.=4K;D
vTYg]-3A71d79^0G/7CI31K;D
P31n1BO-KW79->O79-1I.g3;e1A7|79e8-1`S<R.1IGKP79431n4K‰4C}4K=794CtSD
P31n-v7131]-3;e1A7|79e8-1`S<R.1M.4>]-4Qt54^0ID
b• Ž1A7|79QH5-1H71S1a73Z0g
“P31nCk<F--1Lq79->AQR.31B3Z01r.g=.43I.9E43B79E4<F-9EpŽ1.->AQq.31BbW
S1F7QH9Ep=71-P-1Lq79K.<R.-P†QH‡DvTYg”5QH123C.71D
“P31n1BO-KW79->O79-1I.-1Lq79->AQq.31bWS1F7QH59EpP31n1BO-KW793z793;
-1/QH5bWS1F7†=.‡71L79e1.QH5bWS1F7†=.‡-P31n1BO-KW795]-e1A7|79e8-1`S
<R.K‰4C}4K=7941‰GDvTYg31M.3q>]--1i<~D
“P31n-v7131]--1Lq79->AQq.3Z01r.-187HBpŠ-1Lq79K.Q.@7<R.3I31L-PgK‰4K=794
C}4>]-4Qt54^0I•
P31n-v7131]-Ko3K./53i7933;-1/QH531j79d71L79e1.QH31j79dC}QH55]-e1A
7|79Q._7e8-<R.3I3-P7;.->_7D
>B795W-CN->Lq791`S-P31n1BO-KW793z793;-1/e8-1`S<R.>]-4Qt54^0ID
vTYg-1v31^0I491•-Qt549.F7^0ID
)•Cách phân biệt câu kể Ai l gì? Ai lm gì? Ai thế no?
‘=e./03Z0->_731ne1I371=0V31f37|793j=bWS1F7<~79dD
23C.71-1Lq7931B>c79g3Z07HB3;-PQH31v71QH3Z0=.QH9Ep
W-CN3I31S1Z7b.:-3Z0g
=•k=<HBe1I.7.:5
Z03;bWS1F7->AQq.31B3Z01r.QH9EgZ0=.QH9Ep
Z03;bWS1F7->AQq.31B3Z01r.QH59EgZ0=.QH59Ep
Z03;bWS1F7->AQq.31B3Z01r.-187HBgZ0=.-187HBp
b•k=<HB31f37|799.=B 8S
Z0e/=.QH9Epgm79K/K~71791•=471F7x•-49.R.-1.:0Ck<F-D
Z0e/=.QH59Epgm79K/e/<@1H71KW793j=79Lq.1Bo3KW79<F-4-•71<F-KL`3
71Z71;=D
Z0e/=.-187HBpgm79K/5._0-AKo3K./54-v7131]-1=G->O79-1I.3j=79Lq.<H<F-D
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M ột s ố kinh nghiệm về giảng dạy phân môn luyện từ và câu lớp 2-3
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M ột s ố kinh nghiệm về giảng dạy phân môn luyện từ và câu lớp 2-3
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M ột s ố kinh nghiệm về giảng dạy phân môn luyện từ và câu lớp 2-3
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I.9Ep 187HB
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S1I-1.:73j=123C.713;31F51M771L79£Ÿ¡CN123C.71S1I-1.:75W-3I3131t3
31t7D
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S1.80->`9.iSD
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^0=31LM79->E71K‰123K/QH53I3bH.-FSQH5<|7-1JBG_03a0TO-e8-^0A-N-D1.@0
bH.<|7K‰<F7TY79b.:7S1IS-0-P71Z71;=4CBCI71<HBKBO7<|73j=5E71
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I-Bi hc kinh nghiệm.
h*0N73;1.:0^0A9.A79TOG-N-41M7=.18-3a77t531t3e.87-1f3->B797W.
T07931LM79->E71D.IB<._7S1A.b.8-<F7TY79Q.711BO-CI319.IB<._74->I71>FS
e106745IG5;3DW-e1.9.IB<._731L=7t5<d79e.87-1f3-1EQH5C=B3;Kj-k 7K/
9.A79TOG<H->0G@7-1Ye.87-1f331v71xI3KL`331L=7;.K87<.:3<F7TY79S1LM79
S1IS9.A79TOGQ.711BO-D
)*[310G_75673a7e~S-1q.S1I-1.:7>=71d79<LR795t33j=9.IB<._7->B79^0I
->E719.A79TOGK/e~S-1q.-1IB9‹4K.@031n71bc793I319.A.KIS-1t335t31B|3-[31f3
310G_7K@Ki79^0G->E71D
+›ˆ=0e1.KL`3 8S-10Qv-10G8-4-]-3A3I39.IB<._7K@0KL`3TOG-1/1.:7310G_7K@
K/Ki3>i-e.71791.:5<H-1IB9‹<LR795t3e~S-1q.D
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M ột s ố kinh nghiệm về giảng dạy phân môn luyện từ và câu lớp 2-3
TY79-Pe1679Ki79Qi34e1679Ki7931w47;.7|793W3QN3-1.80Ka0-1.80K06.D{.@0
31n71e~S-1q.71d79Qw.<@<.:3Tm79-P4<.8-3Z04KBO7<|7D
•*[31f3<HK=TO791;=3I31E71-1f3123-FS4xZGTk7931B3I3J5-1;.^0J7-k1234
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J5KI719.IQU771=0^0=^0I->E71QH5<|741233I.1=G43I.CI79-OB3j=71=0<HK.@0
31n71Cd=Qw.5t3S1A.D
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£*{/123C.71-v31QzGKL`35W-CN<N7-P41./0KL`35W-QL`79e.87-1f3<@79d791•=
879.:-<H<F7TY794CXTY79<HB3I3bH.-FS-1k31H713z7971L1BO-KW799.=B 8S
->B7930W3CN794K?.1r.3I3J5Q067123-FSe167979P79D.:3CXTY79<N7-P 879
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31o-31}bV.3I31E71-1f3123-FSS1m1`SC}7Z793=Be1A7|79123 879.:-3j=123
C.71D.:3K[.5R.3I3S1LM79S1ISTOGC=B31BS1m1`SC}QHK.@0>]-^0=7->279->B79
87->E71TOG1233j=-1aG<H->?D1v71<E<]7K@7HG5H79Lq.-1aG3a7S1A.Q.711BO-
->B79^0I->E71TOG1233z79-OB>=5W-e16799.=75V->B791BO-KW79TOG<H1239.iS
3I3J5 8S-10-6-<.:31B3 879.:-3j=5E71D
II- Đ xuất
Y5310G_75673z7971L1?799.IBTY33a7-1Lq79x0G_7-[31f3310G_7K@1Bo3
1W.-1AB310G_756731B9.IB<._7K/31i79-6.3;K.@0e.:7->=BK[.41231r.4Ki3>i-
e.71791.:5K/1.:0^0A9.A79TOG79HG3H793=BD
>_7KZGQH5W-CNe.71791.:571r5HbA7-1Z7-6.-kKi3>i-KL`3->B79^0A->E71
9.A79TOGD]-5B79KL`33]S->_7<HbO7K239;S…e.87K/bA7-1Z7-6.3z7971L3I3
-1H71<._7->B79-[9.A79TOG79HG3H791.:0^0A1M7D
0A7910F779HGhŸ-1I79˜7|5)ŸŸ¢
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