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Unit 5 Comparisons docx


Period 41
Unit 5: Comparisons
I. Grammar: Comparatives and superlatives
(So sánh hơn và so sánh hơn nhất)

1. Comparatives (So sánh hơn)
Example:
● He is shorter than me.
● Peter drives more carefully than Jack.
1.1. Use:
- So sánh hơn là để s
2
giữa 2 người hoặc 2 vật. Trong câu
thường sử dụng Than.

1.2. Form
a. Đối với Adj/ Adv một âm tiết (tall, short, hard, fast …)
và các Adj 2 âm tiết tận cùng là –y,-er,-et,-ow, -1 phụ âm +
le. (happy, clever, quiet, narrow, simple … )


He is taller than me

He runs faster than her.

She is happier than her sister.

This exercise is simpler than that one.
Adj/Adv – er + than
Adj - er
S + V + + than + O
Adv-er
Note:
-
Adj tận cùng là –y
=> -i + er
-
Adj một âm tiết kết
thúc bằng: 1ng.âm
+ 1 phụ âm thì ta
nhân đôi phụ âm
cuối rồi thêm –er.
Hot => hotter
Big =>bigger

b. Đối với Adj/ Adv 2 âm tiết và 3 âm tiết trở lên ( trừ các Adj 2
âm tiết có tận cùng là –y,-er,-et,-ow, 1 phụ âm + le)

Travelling by plane is more expensive than travelling by car.

Peter drives more carefully than Jack.
more + adj/adv + than
Adj
S + V + more + + than + O
Adv

c. Một số Adj/Adv bất quy tắc
Bad/badly => worse : xấu, tồi, kém
Good/well => better : tốt, giỏi
Little => less : ít
Much/many => more : nhiều
Far => farther/further : xa
Old => older (so sánh giữa người ngoài hoặc vật)
elder (so sánh giữa người trg gia đình)

She looks elder than her sister.

He studies worse than me

Exercise 1:Use the comparative
1. I speak English (fluently) …………………… now than last year
2. She smiled (happily) ………………. than before
3. Planes can fly (high) …………. than some kinds of birds
4. He had an accident last year. Now, he drives (carefully)
………………………… than before
5. Jim can run (fast) ………………. than John
6. He worked (hard) ……………… than ever before
7. I have never had a (delicious) ………………………meal than
that
8. A new house is (expensive) …………………… than an old one
9. His job is (important) …………………… than mine
10. Nobody is (happy) ……………… than Miss Snow
higher
more fluently

Exercise 3: Multiple choice – Choose the best answer
1. Exercises in this book are (difficult/ easy/ more difficult/
easily) than those in that book
2. Room 2 is (more dark/ darkest/ darker/ most dark) than
Room 1
3. My bag is more (cheaper/ expensive/ cheap/ expensively)
than hers
4. This hat is (cheap/ cheaper/ cheapest) than that one
5. I drink (little/ less/ few) coffee than you
6. The farmers today are (richer/ poorer/ more/ less
powerful) than they used to be
7. Mr Ba’s house is big and more comfortable than Mr
Nam’s A B C D

Period 43 , 44
Unit 5: Comparisons (cont)
I. Grammar: Comparatives and superlatives
1. Comparatives
2. Superlatives

2. Superlatives
2.1. Use
So sánh hơn nhất dùng để so sánh từ 3 đối tượng trở lên
$10
$15

The hat is cheaper than the shoes

The watch is more expensive than the shoes

The hat is the cheapest of the three things.

The watch is the most expensive of the three things.
$9
hat
shoes
watch

2.2. Form
a. Đối với Adj / Adv một âm tiết và Adj hai âm tiết tận
cùng là –y, -er, -et ,-ow, - một phụ âm + le )

February is the shortest month in the year.

Mary is the happiest of the three sisters.

The Vietnamese athlete is running the fastest of all .
the + adj -est
the + adj -est
the + adv -est
the + adj / adv -est
adj –est in + N
S + V + the + or + of + N
adv –est clause

She is (nice) ………………. girl I have ever met.

b. Đối với Adj hai âm tiết ( không có tận cùng là –y, -er, -et,
-ow, 1 phụ âm + le), và các Adj / Adv từ 3 âm tiết trở lên.

Dick is the most careful of the three workers
the most + adj

That child behaves the most carelessly of all
the most + adv
the most + adj / adv
adj in + N
S + V + the most + or + of + N
adv clause

It’s (difficult)………………………… decision I’ve
ever made in years

2.3. Note
-
Những Adj/ Adv tận cùng là –e thì chỉ cần thêm –st.
nice => nicest , wide => widest
-
Những Adj tận cùng là –y thì đổi – y => -i + est.
happy => happiest , easy => easiest
-
Những Adj/Adv một âm tiết tận cùng là 1 nguyên âm + 1
phụ âm thì nhân đôi phụ âm cuối rồi thêm est.
big => biggest , hot => hottest
# quiet => quietest

2.4. Irregular adjectives and adverbs
Bad / badly => worst
Good / well => best
Little => least
Much/many => most
Far => farthest / furthest
Old => oldest (so sánh giữa người ngoài và các vật)
eldst (so sánh giữa người trong gia đình)

He is the (bad) ……………. boy in the class

Peter is (good) ………………. student in the school
worst
the best

Use the superlative form of the words in brackets
1. He is (intelligent) ……………………….student I have ever met
2. This girl dances (gracefully)………………………… of all
3. Our team played (well)………………… of all
4. Phil is the (clever) ……………… person I know
5. I stayed at (cheap)……………………… hotel in this town
6. What’s (long)………………… river in the world?
7. It was an awful day. It was (bad) ……………….day of my life
8. Mr and Mrs Brown have got three daughters. (Old)……………
is 14 years old
9. In my class Hoa is (beautiful) ……………………………
10. Bush is (delightful) …………………….person I have ever
known
cleverest

Write sentences using this information
1. Germany / rich / country / European Union / . /
Germany is the richest country in the European Union.
2. The Nile / long / river / world / . /
The Nile is the longest river in the world.
3. Maria / good / student / our class / . /
Maria is the best student in our class.
4. My parents / wonderful / people / world / . /
My parents are the most wonderful people in the world

5. Mont Blanc / high / mountain / Europe / . /
Mont Blanc is the highest mountain in Europe.
6. Tim / young / person / the Carlton family / . /
Tim is the youngest person in the Carlton family.
7. Brazil / successful / football team / world / . /
Brazil is the most successful football team in the world.
8. Jupiter / large / planet / the solar system / . /
Jupiter is the largest planet in the solar system.
9. Alaska / big / state / the USA / . /
Alaska is the biggest state in the USA.

3. Practice
Task 1: Look at the quiz. Complete the sentences with the
words
1. Lead / iron / gold
2. The earth / sun / venus
3. Christianity / Islam / Buddhism
4. Canada / China / Russia
5. A jet engine / A diesel engine / A rocket engine
6. Rio de Janeiro / Cairo / Singapore

Task 2: Here are some more general knowledge
questions
- Complete them, putting the adjectives in brackets in
the comparative or superlatives
- Answer the questions with a partner
Task 3: Complete the text with the comparative or
superlative of the adjectives in brackets.

Period 45 , 46
Unit 5: Comparisons(cont)

1. Clothes
Task 1: Work in pairs
and match the
words to the pictures
II. Vocabulary: Clothes
shirt socks jumper skirt
coat tie blouse cap
bra tracksuit vest shorts
jacket trousers jeans
shoes dress tights
hat trainers T-shirt
boots sandals stockings
knickers underpants
swimsuit

1. socks
3.T-shirt
8.vest
6. boots
10.underpants
18.shoes
16.dress
25.tights
23.trainers
22.knickers
19.hat

Task 2: Work in group. Organize the words into these
categories:
Things that you wear: - on your head
- above your waist
- below your waist
- on your feet

shirt socks jumper skirt coat tie blouse
shortsvesttracksuitbra trousersjacket
jeans
cap
T-shirttrainershatshoes dress tights
swimsuitunderpantsknickersstockingssandalsboots
On your head Above your waist Below your waist On your feet
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2. Language focus: Clothes with plural names
A: Do you like this shirt?
B: Yes, how much is it?
A: It’s £25.
A: Do you like these jeans?
B: Yes, how much are they?
A: They’re £45.
Clothes with plural names: jeans, socks, shorts, shoes,
tights, trainers, boots, sandals, stockings, knickers, underpants.
► Tên một số loại quần áo có hình thức số nhiều đi kèm với
mạo từ số nhiều (these,those,some,any…) và động từ chia ở
số nhiều.
► Khi muốn nói đến số lượng của các loại quần áo này ta sử
dùng “a pair/pairs of” ( pair : cặp , đôi)
a pair of jeans / two pairs of jeans
a pair of shoes / three pairs of shoes


Period 47 , 48
Unit 5: Comparisons (cont)
IV. Reading: Eye to eye

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