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bai luyen thi dai hoc tieng anh bai luyen thi anh van dai hoc 2016 lesson 26

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LESSON 26 – May 26th, 2016
ONE-WORD FILLING.
BEETHOVEN
Ludwig van Beethoven, (0) [one] of the most popular classical composers of all time,
(1)......sometimes known as 'the Shakespeare of music'. He was born in Bonn in 1770, (2)
......published his first work (3)......the age of thirteen. Mozart was his teacher (4).......a short
time, although they did not (5)......on very well together; Beethoven was a difficult student.
As a composer, Beethoven was a genius - but as a person, he was not very easy (6).....like.
He was a passionate man (7)......lost his temper very easily. He was also arrogant. The
upper classes of Vienna used to (8).....him to parties, where he was often quite rude. He was
once heard to say to a prince: There (9).......always be many princes, but there is only
(10)......Beethoven'. Nevertheless, Beethoven composed some of the most beautiful
symphonies the world (11)......ever heard. How was (12)......an arrogant, bad-tempered man
inspired to write such romantic music? Perhaps the answer lies in the three letters (13)......
were found after his death. They were addressed to his 'Immortal Beloved'. (14)......knows
who this woman was, but it appears that Beethoven was deeply in love (15).....her for most
of his adult life.

WORD FORMS.
In the holidays, my family visited a (0) [FAMOUS] zoo. I
enjoyed seeing the elephants the most, although the place where
they were kept was quite (1)....... . All of us agreed that the 0. FAME
pandas were the most (2)........animals in the zoo. By far the 1. SMELL
(3).......part of the zoo was the aviary where there were many 2. ADORE
different species of birds. It was a (4).......building, large enough 3. NOISE
to allow the birds
4. MARVEL
to fly freely around it. The zoo had many insect and arachnid 5. HAIR
species, including large (5).......spiders which fascinated my 6. POISON
brother. Their keeper said that they were so (6).......that one bite 7. FEAR
from them could kill a person. However, he seemed quite 8. KNOWLEDGE
(7).......when he handled them. All the keepers at the zoo were 9. REASON
verv (8)......about the animals they looked after. O f course, 10. THOUGHT
visitors to any zoo should behave in a (9)......way. O ne of the
keepers told us that recentlv some (10).......person nearly killed
an animal by giving it unsuitable food.
PHRASAL VERBS. Complete the following short texts, using the correct form of the
phrasal verbs in the box. Make any necessary changes. Use each phrasal verb once
only.
bring back - bring into - clean out - find out - get on - go without - grow up
look after - put up with - run after - set up - settle down - take out - take up - tie up
 Giving children small animals like hamsters and rabbits (1)......is a good way for them
to learn responsibility. They have to understand that the animals' cages need
(2)........regularly and that their pets cannot (3)......fresh water and food for long or they will
die.
 People who are thinking of (4).......tropical fish breeding should (5).......as much about
the subject as they can before they start. It is essential that an aquarium (6)......properly
sothat the fish have the right conditions to breed in.
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A dog that (7).......on the end of a chain or a rope all day becomes unhappy and
aggressive. It should (8)........at least once a day. Owners should regard this as a chance to
have fun with the dog. The dog can be encouraged (9).......a ball and then rewarded when
the ball (10).......
 Cats and dogs can (11).......well with each other if they (12).......together. However, a
cat that is (13).......a house where there already is a dog will never be able to (14).........and

the dog will never learn to (15).......he cat.
GAPPED TEXT.
GOING IT ALONE
Ten years ago, my boyfriend and I planned to go on a romantic trip to New York. I hadn’t
wanted to go with my girlfriends and spend the time simply shopping - New York was
somewhere to wander, to inhale the atmosphere. Then my boyfriend and I broke up. Never
mind, I thought. 1________ So I spent my savings on a watch.
A couple of months ago, my now ten-year-old watch finally stopped. A day or two later I
realised I still owned an almost-unopened Fodor’s Guide to New York. It was time to take
control. If no one was going to take me on a trip to New York, I was clearly going to have
to take myself. 2________I decided that luxury was the only way to go and as I waited in
the luxurious Upper Class lounge at Heathrow, I soon realised I'd made the right decision.
By the time we landed in New York I was in a state of excitement and nervousness.
Nevertheless, the electric jolt I felt on seeing the stars and stripes as I entered the airport
surprised me. 3________ But when the official asked me how I was, I alarmed even myself
with my strangled sob, and wobbly answer: ‘Fine - I just can’t believe I’m here!' As two big
tears landed on my passport I was ushered away with haste.
However, my initial smugness at how well I was coping that evening and was asked the
questions ‘Is it just you?' or 'Is it just the one bag?’ 4________ But then I switched on the
television and saw the news channels reporting the Christmas tree being hoisted above the
Rockefeller Centre. It felt as if New York was showing off for me. I decided I couldn’t let it
down by hiding in my room.
For those who - like me - continue to find even simple mathematics frightening, Soho is an
ideal base because you are gently eased into the city via streets that have actual names, not
just numbers. 5________ By now I was starting to feel relaxed but still had a nagging
awareness that I hadn’t yet made it to the New York of the movies - numbered streets and
towering skyscrapers. Then, just as I was starting to feel a little guilty, I looked right before
crossing the road and was confronted with the Chrysler Building at the end of the street.
My stomach lurched. I really had made it. It slowly dawned on me that being on my own
meant I was entirely free to spend as long as I wanted doing what I wanted. 6________ A
quiet evening in with room service watching TV did seem appealing, but I was determined
to go out. There have been things I’ve been scared of, but little else in life will frighten me
now that I’ve walked alone into a chic, crowded restaurant at nine o'clock on a Friday night.
7________ Now high on independence, I determined to travel the world unhindered for the
rest of my life. Some of the people I talked to about my trip simply couldn’t understand
why I had wanted to do it on my own. My response was that I wanted to know that I could.
Seven sentences have been removed from the article. Choose from the sentences A-H the
one which fits each gap (1-7). There is one extra sentence which you do not need to use.
A. Having been repeatedly warned about the ferocity of the customs staff, I was determined
to get through with as little trouble as possible.
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A pull

B. This self-indulgence was all well and good, but before I knew it darkness had fallen and
I was undeniably hungry.
C. And I was still feeling a little apprehensive about how I would manage on my own the
next morning.
D. But holding my head high, I took a deep breath and sat up at the bar, where I ordered a
champagne cocktail and oysters.
E. The next morning I went looking for a traditional New York dinner for my breakfast.
F. I'll find someone else to go with some day.
G. I criss-crossed up and down almost all of them, fascinated by the unexpectedly
European-looking buildings and small independent shops.
H. I set out to prove that I could have the ultimate trip to the Big Apple, even if I was alone.
CLOZE-TEST.
THOMAS COOK
Thomas Cook could be (0)......to have invented the global tourist industry. He was born in
England in 1808 and became a cabinet-maker. Then he (1)......on the idea of using the
newly-invented railways for pleasure trips and by the summer of 1845, he was organizing
commercial trips. The first was to Liverpool and (2).....a 60-page handbook for the journey,
the (3)......of the modern holiday brochure.
The Paris Exhibition of 1855 (4)......him to create his first great tour, taking in France,
Belgium and Germany. This also included a remarkable (5)......Cook's first cruise, an
extraordinary journey along the Rhine. Nothing like this had been available before, but it
was only the beginning. Cook had invented (6)......tourism and now became a pioneering
giant, striding across the world, travelling incessantly, researching every little detail before
being absolutely confident that he could send the public to (7)......his steps.
Cook was not slow in thinking beyond Europe, and he turned his gaze upon Africa. The
expertise he had gained with his pioneering cruise along the Rhine in 1855 (8)......him in
good stead when it came to organizing a fantastic journey along the Nile in 1869. Few
civilians had so much as (9).....foot in Egypt, let (10)......travelled along this waterway
through history and the remains of a vanished civilization (11)......back thousands of years.
Then, in 1872, Cook organized, and took part in, the first conducted world tour. The whole
adventure took 222 days and the (12).....of travel has not been the same since.
1. A dawned
B. struck
C. hit
D. crossed
2. A. featured
B. presented
C. inserted
D. highlighted
3. A. pioneer
B. forerunner
C. prior
D. foretaste
4. A. livened
B. initiated
C. launched
D. inspired
5. A. breakthrough
B. leap
C. step
D. headway
6. A. common
B. whole
C. wide
D. mass
7. A. retreat
B. retrace
C. resume
D. retrieve
8. A. kept
B. took
C. stood
D. made
9. A. set
B. placed
C. laid
D. put
10. A. apart
B. aside
C. alone
D. away
11. A. flowing
B. going
C. running
D. passing
12. A. scene
B. area
C. land
D. world
COLLOCATIONS & PHRASES. Choose the correct answer.
1. If you need to......the teacher's attention, just put your hand up.
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B. attract

C. capture

D. draw

2. Make sure you.......our homework before you go out.
A. make
B. solve
C. write
D. do
3. Could I.......a suggestion? Why not have piano lessons?
A have
B. do
C. put
D. make
4. I really don't.......the point of taking the exam when you're not ready for it.
A. take
B. see
C. have
D. mind
5. I'll meet you at the school gates during the lunch.......
A. break
B. gap
C. interval
D. pause
6. Do you think you could pass that book.......to me, please?
A under
B. through
C. over
D. in
7. Mrs Dawson said that we are.......our lesson in the library next Monday.
A. having
B. making
C. reading
D. going
8. In English yesterday, we had a discussion........different cultures.
A. around
B. about
C. for
D. from
9. .........my opinion, maths shouldn't be a compulsory subject.
A. From
B. To
C. At
D. In
10. When you.......the exam tomorrow, try to stay calm and relaxed.
A. make
B. write
C. take
D. answer
11. My dad wants me to go to university, but I'm in.......minds about it.
A. my
B. two
C. some
D. different
12. I still have a lot.......about the English language.
A. learning
B. to learn
C. for learning D. of learning
13. If the examiner can't.......sense of your writing, you'll get a low mark.
A. make
B. bring
C. take
D. understand
14. I hadn't studied, so when the teacher asked me I had........idea.
A. none
B. no
C. even
D. not
KEY-WORD TRANSFORMATION. Complete the second sentence so that it has a
similar meaning to the first sentence. Use up to five words including the word you are
given. Do not change this word.
1. Jackie's heavier than she was two years ago.
PUT
Jackie....................in the last two years.
2. Jane continued to work for the firm after the baby was born.
WENT
Jane.....................for the firm after the baby was born.
3. 'Are you sorry that you didn't go to university?'
REGRET
'Do..................... to university?'
4. She had no intention of insulting you.
MEAN
She..................... you.
5. Jason adds up figures well for a boy of his age.
GOOD
Jason......................figures for a boy of his age.
6. I have no objection to Paul coming as well.
MIND
I do....................as well.
7. I couldn't hear what he said because of the noise.
PREVENTED
The..................... what he said.
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8. Don't let Michael discourage you.
Don't..................... Michael.

PUT

KEY TO LESSON 26
ONE-WORD FILLING. 1. is 2. and 3. at 4. for 5. get 6. to 7. who 8. invite 9. will 10.
one 11. has/had 12. such 13. which/that 14. Nobody 15. with
WORD FORMS. 1. smelly 2. adorable 3. noisiest 4. marvellous 5. hairy 6. poisonous 7.
fearless 8. knowledgeable 9. reasonable 10. Thoughtless
PHRASAL VERBS.
1. to look after 2. cleaning out/to be cleaned out 3. go without
4. taking up 5. find out
6. is set up
7. is tied up 8. be taken out 9. to run after 10. is brought back
11. get on
12. grow up 13. brought into 14. settle down 15. put up with
GAPPED-TEXT. 1. F - 2. H - 3. A - 4. C - 5. G - 6. B - 7. D Extra sentence: E
CLOZE-TEST.1. C -2. A - 3. B - 4. D - 5. A - 6. D -7. B -8. C - 9. A -10. C - 11. B - 12. D
COLLOCATIONS & PHRASES. 1. B - 2. D - 3. D - 4. B - 5. A - 6. C - 7. A 8. B - 9. D - 10. C - 11. B - 12. B - 13. A - 14. B
KEY-WORD TRANSFORMATION.
1. has put on weight
2. went on working
3. you regret not going / you regret not having gone
4. didn't mean to insult
5. is good at adding up
6. not mind if Paul comes / not mind Paul coming
7. noise prevented me (from) hearing
8. be put off by / get put off by

NOTES
1. self-indulgence; sự tha hồ buông thả, phóng túng
2. apprehensive: feeling worried about something that you are going to do
3. to inhale: hít vào ( exhale)
4. Fodor’s Guide to New York: a guide book
5. lounge: phòng nghỉ chờ lên máy bay, tàu (hạng sang)
6. the stars and stripes: lá cờ Mỹ (sao và vạch)
7. strangled sob: tiếng thổn thức bị nén lại
8. wobbly (adj.): chệnh choạng
9. smugness: sự mãn nguyện
10. let it down = bỏ rơi, bỏ qua
11. I made it = I was successful in doing it.
12. to lurch: đi ngả nghiêng, khệnh khạng
13. to dawn on: hé lộ (ánh nắng bình minh)
14. unhindered = không bị cản trở
15. chic = stylish and fashionable = hợp thời trang
16. Big Apple: "Big Apple" is a nickname for New York City. It was first popularized in the 1920s by
John J. Fitz Gerald, a sports writer for the New York Morning Telegraph. Its popularity since the 1970s is
due to a promotional campaign by the New York Convention and Visitors Bureau, known now as NYC &
Company. Although the history of Big Apple was once thought a mystery, research – primarily by amateur
etymologist Barry Popik and Gerald Cohen of Missouri University of Science and Technology – has
provided a reasonably clear picture of the term's history. Previously, there were a number of false
etymologies, including a claim that the term derived from a New York brothel whose madam was known
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as Eve. This was subsequently exposed as a hoax and has been replaced on the source website with more
accurate information.
17. The Chrysler Building is an Art Deco-style skyscraper located on the East Side of Midtown
Manhattan in New York City, at the intersection of 42nd Street and Lexington Avenue in the Turtle Bay
neighborhood. At 1,046 feet (319 m), the structure was the world's tallest building for 11 months before it
was surpassed by the Empire State Building in 1931.
It is the tallest brick building in the world, albeit with a steel frame. After the destruction of the World
Trade Center, it was again the second-tallest building in New York City until December 2007, when the
spire was raised on the 1,200-foot (365.8 m) Bank of America Tower, pushing the Chrysler Building into
third position. In addition, The New York Times Building, which opened in 2007, is exactly level with the
Chrysler Building in height. Both buildings were then pushed into fourth position, when the underconstruction One World Trade Center surpassed their height, and then to fifth position by 432 Park Avenue
which was completed in 2015.
The Chrysler Building is a classic example of Art Deco architecture and considered by many
contemporary architects to be one of the finest buildings in New York City. In 2007, it was ranked ninth on
the List of America's Favorite Architecture by the American Institute of Architects.[11] It was the
headquarters of the Chrysler Corporation from 1930 until the mid-1950s. Although the building was built
and designed specifically for the car manufacturer, the corporation did not pay for the construction of it
and never owned it, as Walter P. Chrysler decided to pay for it himself, so that his children could inherit it.
23. Soho: Soho is an area of the City of Westminster and is part of London's West End. Long established
as an entertainment district, for much of the 20th century Soho had a reputation as a base for the sex
industry in addition to its night life and its location for the headquarters of leading film companies. Since
the 1980s, the area has undergone considerable gentrification. It is now predominantly a fashionable
district of upmarket restaurants and media offices, with only a small remnant of sex industry venues.
Soho is a small, multicultural area of central London; a home to industry, commerce, culture and
entertainment, as well as a residential area for both rich and poor. It has clubs, including the former
Chinawhite nightclub; public houses; bars; restaurants; a few sex shops scattered amongst them; and latenight coffee shops that give the streets an "open-all-night" feel at the weekends. Record shops cluster in the
area around Berwick Street, with shops such as Blackmarket Records and Vinyl Junkies.On many
weekends, Soho is busy enough to warrant closing off some of the streets to vehicles. Westminster City
Council pedestrianised parts of Soho in the mid-1990s, but later removed much of the pedestrianisation,
apparently after complaints of loss of trade from local businesses.

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Fodor’s Guide to New York

Chrysler Building

Soho, London

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