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Câu bị động

STT

CHỦ ĐỘNG

BỊ ĐỘNG

VÍ DỤ

1

S+V+O

S + be + PP.2 + by + O

He likes chickens. -> Chickens are liked

2

S + am/is/are + V-ing + O

3


4

5

S + am/is/are + being + PP.2 + by He is reading a book. -> A book is being
+O
read (by him).

They have studied English for two
S + has/have + been + PP.2 + by
S + has/have + PP.2 + O
months. -> English has been studied (by
+O
them) for two months
John has been repairing this car for 2
S + have/ has + been + V-ing
S + have/ has + been + being
hours. - > This car has been being
+O
+VpII+(by + O)
repaired by John for 2 hours.
The storm destroyed the city last night. S + V-ed + O
S + was/were + PP.2 + by + O
> The city was destroyed by the storm
last night.

6

S + was/were + V-ing + O

S + was/were + being + PP.2 + by
+O

They were listening to music. -> Music
was being listened to (by them).

7

S + had + PP.2 + O


S + had + been + PP.2 + by + O

They had done the exercises. > The
exercises had been done (by them).

8

S + had + been + V-ing + O

S + had + been + being + VpII +
(by + O)

-> The essay had been being typed for
3 hours before you came yesterday.

9

S + will/shall + V + O

S + will + be + PP.2 + by + O

They will cut the grass tomorrow. -> The
grass will be cut (by them) tomorrow.


10

11

S + will + be +V-ing + O

S + will/shall + have + PP.2 +
O

She will be taking care of her children at
S + will + be + being + VpII + (by this time tomorrow -> Her children will
O)
be being taken care of at this time
tomorrow.

S + will + have + been + PP.2 +
by + O

They will have finished the course by the
end of this month. -> The course will
have been finished by the end of this
month

12

S + will + have + been + Ving + O

S + will + have +been + being +
VpII + (by O)

I will have been teaching English for 5
years by next week. - > English will have
been being taught by me for 5 years by
next week.

13

S + am/is/are + going to + V
+O

S + am/is/are + going to + be +
PP.2 + by + O

=>This car is going to fixed tomorrow.

14

S + model verb + V + O

15

It's your duty to+Vinf

You're supposed to+Vinf

It's your duty to make tea today. => You
are supposed to make tea today.

16

It's impossible to+Vinf

S + can't + be + P2

It's impossible to solve this problem. =>
This problem can't be solve.

S + should/ must + be +P2

It's necessary for you to type this letter.
=> This letter should/ must be typed by
you.

17

It's necessary to + Vinf

S + model verb + be + PP.2 + by He couldn't answer the question. => The
+O
question could not be answered by him.


Mệnh lệnh thức + Object.

S + should/must + be +P2.

Turn on the lights! => The lights should
be turned on.

19

S + make/ let + sb+ Vinf.

S +be+ made + to + Vinf/let +
Vinf.

My parent never let me do anything by
myself. => I'm never let to do anything
by myself.

20

S + have(get) + sb + (to)Vinf

S + have/ get + st +done.

I have my father repair my bike. => I
have my bike repaired by my father.

21

S + V + sb Ving

S + V + sb/st + being + P2

I like you wearing this dress. => I like
this dress being worn by you.

22

S + Vp + sb + Ving./ S + Vp +
sb + V.

S + be + P2(of Vp) + to +Vinf

Opening the door, we saw her
overhearing us. -> He was seen to close
the door and drive his car away.

23

+ Cách 1: It's + thought/said/
People/they +
supposed/believed/considered/repo
think/say/suppose/believe/con
People say that he is a good doctor. =>
rted...+ that + clause
sider/report.....+ that +
It's said that he is a good doctor.
+ Cách 2: S + am/is/are +
clause. (ĐT mệnh đề chính ở
=> He is said to be a good doctor.
thought/ said/supposed... + to +
thì HTD, HTTD, TLD)
Vinf

24

People/they +
think/say/suppose/believe/con
sider/report.....+ that +
clause. (ĐT ở thì QKD, HTHT)

25

+ Cách 1: It was + thought/ said/
People/they +
supposed...+ that + clause.
thought/said/supposed...+ that
+ Cách 2: S + was/were +
+ clause. (ĐT ở thì QKD,
thought/ said/ supposed... + to +
HTHT)
Vinf.

18

S + am/is/are + thought/ said/
supposed... + to + have + P2.

People think he stole my car.
=> It's thought he stole my car.
=> He is thought to have stolen my car.

People said that he is a good doctor. =>
It was said that he is a good doctor.
=> He was said to be a good doctor.


They thought he was one of famous
singers.
=> It was thought he was one of famous
singers.
=> He was thought to be one of famous
singers.

26

People/they +
thought/said/supposed...+ that
+ clause. (cả 2 mệnh đề ở quá
khứ)

27

S + suggest/ recommend/
It + was/ will be/ has been/ is... +
He suggested that she buy a new car.
order/ require... + that +
P2 (suggested/recommended/
=> It was suggessted that a new car be
clause. ( trong đó clause = S + ordered/ required...) + that + st +
bought.
Vinf + O)
be + P2.

28

It is difficult for me to finish this test in
It + be + adj + for sb + to do
It + be + adj + for st + to be done. one hour => It is difficult for this test to
st.
be finished in one hour.

29

Bị động trong trường hợp 2
tân ngữ. (S + V + Oi + Od)

1/ Oi + be + P2( of V) + Od.
2/ Od + be + P2( of V) + to Oi.

My friend gave me a present on my
birthday.
=> A present was given to me by my
friend on my birthday.
=> I was given a present on my birthday
by my friend.

30

Dùng “It” làm chủ ngữ

Thay bị động ở mệnh đề it mệnh đề
làm tân ngữ vẫn được giữ nguyên

They said that he is kind to you.
-> It is said that he is kind to you.

31

32

S + was/were + thought/ said/
supposed... + to + have + P2.

S + have(bất kỳ thì nào) +
S + have(bất kỳ thì nào) + O2(chỉ
O1(chỉ người) + V(bare infi) +
vật) + V(PII) + by + O1(chỉ người)
O2(chỉ vật)
S + get(bất kỳ thì nào) +
O1(chỉ người) + V(to-inf) +
O2(chỉ vật)

I have Tom cut my hair
-> I have my hair cut (by Tom)

My mother gets me to bring the chair
into the room
S + get(bất kỳ thì nào) + O2(chỉ
-> My mother gets the chair brought into
vật) + V(PII) + by + O1(chỉ người)
the room by me


33

S + (need/ deserve …) + Ving + …
Sb + need / deserve … + to-V Hoặc: S + (need/ deserve …) + to
+ Sth + …
be+ PII (cần được làm gì)

We need to water the plants everyday.
–> The plants need watering everyday.

34

S + let + O1 + V(bare infi) +
O2

35

allowed to + V + O2

S + let + O2 + be + PII of V + (by
O1)

He lets his car be driven by me

36

S + make + O + V (bare infi)
+…

SO + be + made + to + V + …

He makes me work harder
-> I’m made to work harder by him

37

S + suggest + Ving + O (gợi ý
làm gì)

S + (suggest) + that + SO +
should + be + PII

38

It + be + adj + to-V + O …..

It + be + adj + for O + to be +
P.P2 ….

39

40

41

It is + possible/ impossible +
to V + O (có thể/không thể
làm gì)
It’s + important/ essential +
to + V + O (cần thiết/quan
trọng phải làm gì)
It’s + necessary/ unnecessary
+ to + V + O (cần
thiết/không cần thiết phải làm
gì)

S + (be) +

let + V + O2

S(O) + can/ can’t

+ be + PII

SO + must be + PII

SO + should/shouldn’t be + PII

He lets me drive his car
-> I’m let/ allowed to drive his car

He suggested selling my house
-> He suggested that my house should
be sold
It’s very difficult to study English.
-> It’s very difficult for English to be
studied
It’s possible to grow roses in this land
-> Roses can be grown in this land
It’s important to save water
-> Water must be saved
It’s necessary to protect the environment
-> The environment should be protected


42

It’s + tính từ sở hữu + duty to
It’s your duty to clean the floor
S + (be) + supposed + to + V + O
+ V + O (trách nhiệm của ai
-> You are supposed to clean the floor
(ai đó buộc phải làm gì)
phải làm gì)

43

Don’t let + Sb + V + you

Don’t let + yourself + be + P.P2

Don’t let the others see you. - > Don’t
let yourself be seen.

44

S+
Deserve/require/want/need +
V-ing

S + Deserve/require/want/need +
to be + ved

The shoes need polishing
=The shoes need to be polished

45

S+have/has+ People+ do
something

S+have/has+something+done

I saw Mr Peter go down the stairs ->
Mr Peter was seen to go down the stairs

46

It + be + adj + to V + O

It + be + adj + for O + to be + P2

It's necessary to learn English.
→ It's necessary for English to be learnt.

47

Somebody + want/
like/expect + someone to do
something

Somebody + want /like/expect +
something + to be done

The teacher wants us to prepare our
lessons carefully.
→ The teacher wants our lessons to be
prepared carefully.

48

Somebody +
Somebody +
She decided to rebuild the house
agree/arrange/determind/deci agree/arrange/determind/decide + → She decided that the house should be
de + to do something
that something + should be + done
rebuilt.

49

The house needs cleaning → The house
needs to be cleaned.
The chickens need feeding → The
chickens need to be fed.

They/it + need(s) + doing

they/ it + need(s) + to be done


50

→ Cách 1: It is
thought/expected/believed/estimate
Somebody +
d/said/reported that someone + do
think/expect/believe/estimate/
something
say/report + that + someone
→ Cách 2: Someone is
+ do something
thought/expected/believed/estimate
d/said/reported to do something

51

→ Cách 1: It is
thought/expected/believed/estimate
Somebody +
d/said/reported that someone + did
think/expect/believe/estimate/
something
say/report + that + someone
→ Cách 2: Someone is
+ did something
thought/expected/believed/estimate
d/said/reported to have + done

52

53

It’s your duty to do something
Somebody + see/make/let +
someone + do + something

You are supposed to do something
(bổn phận của bạn là….)

People think he drives dangerously.
→ Cách 1: It’s thought that he drives
dangerously.
→ Cách 2: He is thought to drive
dangerously.

People say he was a teacher.
→ It’s said that he was a teacher.
→ He is said to have been a teacher.

It’s your duty to lock all the doors.
→ You are supposed to lock all the
doors.

→ Someone is seen/made + to do
something
He made me stay outside yesterday
→ Someone is let + do something → I was made to stay outside yesterday.

54

Somebody + have + someone
+ do something
→ Somebody + have + something
Somebody + get + someone +
+ done
to do something

55

Don’t do something
It’s impossible to do something
It’s possible to do something

→ something musn’t be done
→ something can’t be done
→ something can be done

He had his waiter carry the luggage
home
→ He had the luggage carried home by
the waiter.
Don’t touch this switch → This switch
musn’t be touched



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