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Career development interventions 5th by spence niles and bowlsbey chapter 11

Career Development Interventions
5th Edition
Spence G. Niles and JoAnn E. Harris-Bowlsbey

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Chapter 11
Career Development
Interventions in Middle Schools

Developed by:
Jennifer Del Corso

Copyright © 2017, 2013, 2009 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved


Developmental Tasks of Middle
School



Achieve new and more sophisticated relations with peers



Achieve emotional independence from parents and other adults



Set vocational goals



Prepare for marriage and family life



Develop skills for civic competence

Career Development Interventions, 5th Edition
Spencer G. Niles and JoAnn E. Harris-Bowlsbey

Copyright © 2017, 2013, 2009 by Pearson Education,
Inc.
All Rights Reserved


Developmental Tasks of
Middle/Junior High School
continued



Acquire a set of values and an ethical system as a guide to
behavior



Set realistic goals and make plans for achieving these goals

Career Development Interventions, 5th Edition

Spencer G. Niles and JoAnn E. Harris-Bowlsbey

Copyright © 2017, 2013, 2009 by Pearson Education,
Inc.
All Rights Reserved


Career Development in Middle
School
• Career assistance provided to middle school students
must be sensitive to the contextual, physical, and
emotional transitions that students experience
• Akos, Konold, and Niles (2004) found that middle school
student exhibit distinct patterns of needs regarding their
readiness for career decision making: from career
indecisions to premature career identity foreclosure
• Data from the National Assessment of Education
Progress indicate that adolescents experience mixed
success in coping with the career development
tasks they confront in middle schools

Career Development Interventions, 5th Edition
Spencer G. Niles and JoAnn E. Harris-Bowlsbey

Copyright © 2017, 2013, 2009 by Pearson Education,
Inc.
All Rights Reserved


Middle School Student Attitudes


Currently 93% of middle school students report that their goal is
to attend college;



Only 44% eventually attend college, and



Only 26% graduate with a college diploma within six years of
enrolling (Conley, 2012)

Career Development Interventions, 5th Edition
Spencer G. Niles and JoAnn E. Harris-Bowlsbey

Copyright © 2017, 2013, 2009 by Pearson Education,
Inc.
All Rights Reserved


ASCA National Standards


Acquire skills to investigate the world of work in relation to
knowledge of self and to make informed career decisions



Employ strategies to achieve future success and satisfaction



Understand the relationship between personal qualities, education
and training, and the world of work

Career Development Interventions, 5th Edition
Spencer G. Niles and JoAnn E. Harris-Bowlsbey

Copyright © 2017, 2013, 2009 by Pearson Education,
Inc.
All Rights Reserved


Career Development Goals for
Middle School


Enhance self-understanding



Learn how to engage effectively in education and occupational
exploration



Career Planning

Career Development Interventions, 5th Edition
Spencer G. Niles and JoAnn E. Harris-Bowlsbey

Copyright © 2017, 2013, 2009 by Pearson Education,
Inc.
All Rights Reserved


Career Development Goals for
Middle School Students
(cont.)

• Herr, Cramer, and Niles (2004) offer four career planning
considerations for middle school school students.
 1. Provide students with a broad opportunity to explore their
personal characteristics as well as those educational options
 2. Provide a wide array of methods to accommodate
differences due to career maturity, interests, values, and
abilities
 3. Provide concrete hands-on direct experiences
 4. Provide career programs to help students explore their
feelings, needs, and uncertainties as they search for a
personal identity.

Career Development Interventions, 5th Edition
Spencer G. Niles and JoAnn E. Harris-Bowlsbey

Copyright © 2017, 2013, 2009 by Pearson Education,
Inc.
All Rights Reserved


Career Development Interventions
in Middle Schools
• Thematic consideration of middle school-level
career development competencies reveals the
importance of students acquiring the necessary
knowledge, skills, and understanding to
advance in their career development
• Important to help students understand issue
related to equity and access to career choice
• Interventions should help students construct
their ideal future life and then discuss how
prepared they feel for taking on those future
tasks
Career Development Interventions, 5th Edition
Spencer G. Niles and JoAnn E. Harris-Bowlsbey

Copyright © 2017, 2013, 2009 by Pearson Education,
Inc.
All Rights Reserved


Career Development Interventions
in Middle School
(continued)



Psychoeducational activities for middle school students include:



Classroom guidance lessons on careers and personal identity



Job shadowing



Attending career fairs



Occupational Information Interviews



Small groups



Exposure to real world work experiences

Career Development Interventions, 5th Edition
Spencer G. Niles and JoAnn E. Harris-Bowlsbey

Copyright © 2017, 2013, 2009 by Pearson Education,
Inc.
All Rights Reserved


Career Development Interventions
in Middle School
(continued)

• Clustering systems can be used to guide career
exploration by using the clusters to organize career
information resources.
• Patterns of life-role salience can be addressed by
helping student reflect on the various life roles they
have or they can create a life-role portfolio
• Middle school students need assistance in career and
educational planning.
• An educational and career planning portfolio is one
technique that school counselors can use to help
middle school students plan effectively.

Career Development Interventions, 5th Edition
Spencer G. Niles and JoAnn E. Harris-Bowlsbey

Copyright © 2017, 2013, 2009 by Pearson Education,
Inc.
All Rights Reserved


National Association of State Directors of Career
Technical Education Consortium (2015) Clusters
• Agriculture, Food, and Natural
Resources
• Architecture and Construction
• Arts, A/V Technology, and
Communications
• Business Management and
Administration
• Education and Training
• Finance
• Government and Public
Administration
• Health Science












Career Development Interventions, 5th Edition
Spencer G. Niles and JoAnn E. Harris-Bowlsbey

Hospitality and Tourism
Human Services
Information Technology
Law, Public Safety,
Corrections, and Security
Manufacturing
Marketing
Science, Technology,
Engineering, and
Mathematics
Transportation,
Distribution, and Logistics
 

Copyright © 2017, 2013, 2009 by Pearson Education,
Inc.
All Rights Reserved



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