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7. adverbial clauses of concession:
_ Adverbial clauses of concession are use to express ideas or action that are not expected. The
informationin the independent clause indicates a concession or un expected result of something
described in the independent clause.
_ Adverbial clauses of cocession introduce an element of contrast into a sentence and are sometime
called “contrast clauses’. In this type, the information in the first clause is the derect opposite of the
information in the second clause of the sentence.
_They are introduced by the following conjuctions: although, eventhough, considering, though, even
if, even though, whether, or, while, where as, what ever, how ever, whom ever, no matter how…
_ These answer the question “even htough what?”
She never complainted though the work was hard.
Although he had een prevented from studying by illness, he passed the exam.
What ever may happened, he remains impatient.
_ However combines with numerous adjectives and adverbs:
However urgly she is, I also love her so much.
_ No matter can combine with question work( who, when, where,…) to introduce clauses of
Nomatter who he is, I will visit him.
_ Compounds with_ever can introduce clauses of concession in the same way as no matter:
whatever I say, I seem to say the wrong thing.
_ Using may informal style in place of the present after all conjuctions introducing clauses of
Whatever you may think, Im going ahead with my intention.
and though can be used after some adjectives, adverbs to introduce clauses of concession in
Beautiful though the car was, we thought it was expensive.
8. adverbial clauses of comparition:
_These answer th question;
Compared with what?
_Adverbial clauses of comparision followed by or implying in relation to or compared with
They involve the use of:
As+ adjactive/ adverb+ as
He is as tall as his brother (is)
Not as +adj/ adv + as
My pen is not as/ so beautiful as yours.
Adj +er than
She is prettier than her sister.
More+ adj/ adv+ than
He is more intelligent than his sister.
Less+ adj/ adv+ than
John is less rich than Peter.
The richer you are, The more friends you have.
Haft/ tiwce/ three time as+ adj/adv+ as
Your dress is tiwce expensive as my.
As/ so much+ noun+ as
As/ so many+ noun+ as
He makes as many mistakes as I do.
She has so much many as Mary.