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5 2 3 china now and then TG

5.2.3

China:
Now and Then
SUMMARY

The author compares the
government, culture, writing, and educational
systems of China, past and present. The
title enables students to predict the text
structure before reading. A map, captions,
and photographs spark readers’ interest.

LESSON VOCABULARY

astonished
benefactor
gratitude
recommend
traditions


behavior
distribution
procession
sacred

INTRODUCE THE BOOK
INTRODUCE THE TITLE AND AUTHOR

Discuss the
title and the author of China: Now and Then.
Ask students what the photographs on the
cover suggest about the title. Lead them to
connect the title to social studies.

BUILD BACKGROUND Point

to China on a map of
the world. Encourage students to share what
they already know about China. Students may
know about the Great Wall, Chinese cuisine, and
Chinese New Year.

PREVIEW/USE TEXT FEATURES

As they preview,
encourage students to share their comments
and predictions about the book. Lead them to
look carefully at the photographs for support
of their predictions.

COMPARE AND CONTRAST
PREDICT

READ THE BOOK
SET PURPOSE

Have students set a purpose for
reading by looking at the photographs on the
cover. Ask: What do you think the photograph
at the bottom shows? Could the city at the

top be in the United States? What are you
most interested in learning about China’s past
or present?

STRATEGY SUPPORT: PREDICT

As students come
to page 14, suggest that they predict what
the section about transportation will be about.
Prompt them to look at the photographs and
read the captions to refine their predictions.
Record students’ predictions to discuss and
confirm after reading page 15.

COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS
PAGE 5

What is one of the biggest differences
between communist and democratic
governments? (People in a communist country
do not elect their officials.)
PAGE 9

How would a theater benefit from
pleasing the emperor? (Possible response: The
theater might receive money to ensure that it
survived.)
PAGE 11

What can you conclude about the
Chinese people based on what you just read
about Chinese sports? (Athletic ability is
respected in China.)

PAGE 16 What do you predict the author
will write about education? (The author will
probably follow the same pattern and compare
and contrast education in the past and the
present.)

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REVISIT THE BOOK
READER RESPONSE

1. Possible response: Similarities—people
travel by bus, car, and bicycle; Differences—
fewer Chinese own cars
2. Possible response: It will be more difficult
because of China’s growing population.
3. Possible responses: benediction,
beneficial, beneficiary, benefit, benevolent.
A great benefit of swimming regularly is
developing breath control.
4. Responses will vary.
EXTEND UNDERSTANDING Model for students how
to change the section heads into questions to
check their understanding or review what they
have read. Begin on page 14. Write the following
question on the board: What is China’s _______
like now and then? Say: “You can form a
question using the title and section head to
help you recall what you have read. “You can
complete the question with the each section
head. Who remembers what China’s government
is like now and then?” Repeat the process with
the other section heads.

RESPONSE OPTIONS
WRITING

Have students practice writing using
the text structure Comparison and Contrast.
Suggest that students compare and contrast
a specific characteristic of China to one in the
United States.

Extend students’ understanding of
the vocabulary words by discussing word
endings. Call attention to the words sacred
and astonished. Have students note that not
all words ending in -ed are verbs in the past
tense. Also review how the suffix -tion often
signals a noun.

SOCIAL STUDIES
CONNECTION
Students can learn
on the Internet or at
the library about how Western
cultures have borrowed aspects of
Chinese culture. Suggest they begin their
research with the journey of Marco Polo.

Skill Work
TEACH/REVIEW VOCABULARY
Group students in pairs to play vocabulary
charades. Assign each pair of students one
or two words. Give students time to decide
how they will act out the words for their
classmates to guess.

TARGET SKILL AND STRATEGY
COMPARE AND CONTRAST Prompt students
to explain in their own words that a
comparison tells how things are alike and
different while a contrast only tells how
things are different. After reading the book,
form small groups and assign each group
one of the following sections: Government,
Arts and Entertainment, and Sports. Have
each group complete a Venn Diagram about
their section and present it to the class.
PREDICT Before reading, call attention
to the title of book. Ask students to predict
how the information in the text will be
organized. Remind them that predicting the
text structure will help them recognize the
similarities and differences between China
now and then. During reading, pause and
confirm students’ predictions. Encourage
students to share comments and questions
about the strategy.

ADDITIONAL SKILL INSTRUCTION

DRAW CONCLUSIONS Review with students
that when you draw a conclusion you make
a sensible decision or a reasonable opinion
about it. Practice this skill using the Venn
Diagrams students completed in small
groups. Have students return to their groups
and trade diagrams with other groups.
On another piece of paper, have students
write two conclusions from the facts in the
diagram and then share and evaluate each
other’s conclusions.

China: Now and Then

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China: Now and Then

Name

Compare and Contrast
• To compare is to tell how two or more things are alike or different.
• To contrast is to tell only how two or more things are different.

Directions Use China: Now and Then to help you complete this page.
1. In the past China was ruled by

; China’s government today is

.
2. In contrast to a democratic country, people in a communist country
.
3. The ancient Chinese did activities such as
, and

,
. In addition

to doing many of these same activities, modern Chinese
4. In ancient times, the sports popular in China were
, and
activities that are popular in China are
and

.
,
. Today, the athletic
,

.

6. How does Chinese writing differ from English writing?

© Pearson Education 5

5. How are Chinese bicycles different from American bicycles?

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China: Now and Then

Name

Vocabulary
Directions Fill in each blank with a word from the box that matches the definition.

Check the Words You Know
astonished
distribution
recommend

behavior
gratitude
sacred

benefactor
procession
traditions

1. holy
2. thankfulness
3. a line or sequence of people or things
4. way of acting
5. the act of giving out
6. very surprised
7. person who gives money or kindly help
8. to suggest
9. customs

© Pearson Education 5

Directions Write a paragraph about China: Now and Then using as many vocabulary words
as you can.

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