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TOÀN BỘ CÁC DẠNG VIẾT LẠI CÂU WRITING HỌC SINH GIỎI THPT

WRITING No.1
I. Finish each of the following sentences in such a way that it means exactly the same as the
sentence printed before it:
1. Our house is going to be painted by a local firm.
à We are ..........................................................................................................................
2. It was such a dull play that he fell asleep.
à The play .......................................................................................................................
3. She didn’t say a word as she left the room.
à She left the room ..........................................................................................................
4. “I didn’t steal the bicycle” he said “I just borrowed it.”
à He denied.................................................. but admitted ...............................................
5. I just had time to put up my umbrella before the rain came down in torrents.
à No sooner ......................................................................................................................
6. Is smoking permitted in Vietnamese cinemas?
à Are we ............... ...........................................................................................................
7. Because he didn’t study hard, he failed the exam.
à Had ................................................................................................................................
8. Her grief was so great that she almost fainted.
à So ...................................................................................................................................
9. The keeper had no sooner opened the cage door than the lion attacked him.
à Hardly ............................................................................................................................

10. No other city in Vietnam is so large as Ho Chi Minh City.
à Ho Chi Minh City is .......................................................................................................
11. They produce a lot of paper, so they need a lot of wood pulp.
à The more .........................................................................................................................
12. We spent our childhood in that beautiful mountain resort, and we always remember it.
à We always .......................................................................................................................
13. She insisted that she should be called Joyce.
à She insisted on ................................................................................................................
14. It might be a good idea to use honey instead of sugar.
à Why .................................................................................................................................
15. When you lie, some gestures can show you are lying.
à Some gestures .................................................................................................................
16. He never suspected that the money had been stolen.
à At no ................................................................................................................................
17. My decision to get up and dance coincided with the band's decision to stop playing.
à The moment .....................................................................................................................
18. The only way to eliminate world terrorism is by untied opposition.
à Only by .............................................................................................................................
19. My suit needs to be cleaned before the interview.
→ I must ................................................................................................................................
20. James spoke to his lawyer before signing the contract.
→ James didn't .......................................................................................................................
21. I haven't been to Bristol for three years.
→ The last time .....................................................................................................................
22. "Why don't you put your luggage under the seat, Anna?" he asked.
→ He suggested .....................................................................................................................
23. The child will die if nobody sends for a doctor.
→ Unless ................................................................................................................................
24. If you changed your mind, you would be welcomed to join our class.
→ Were you .......................................................................................................................


25. I'd rather not go out this afternoon.
→ I do not feel ...................................................................................................................
26. Adeles tries hard, but she doesn't get anywhere.
→ However .......................................................................................................................
27. It is thought that the boss is considering raising wages.
→ The boss ........................................................................................................................
28. His disabilities did not prevent him from sailing around the world.
→ Despite the fact .............................................................................................................

29. I didn't arrive in time to see her.
→ I wasn't ..........................................................................................................................
30. I'd prefer you not to smoke.
→ I'd rather .........................................................................................................................
31. The mother smiled happily. She took the baby in her arms.
→ Smiling ...........................................................................................................................
32. The noise next door did not stop until after midnight.
→ It was not .........................................................................................................................
33. You can ring this number whenever there is any difficulty.
→ Should ............................................................................................................................
II. Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence, using
the word given. Do not change the word given.
1. “don’t sit in front of the computer for too long,” our teacher told us. WARNED
à Our teacher………………………………………..in front of the computer for too long
2. We got lost coming home from the leisure centre. WAY
à We couldn’t………………………………………from the leisure centre.
3.Mary din’t find it difficult to pass her driving test.
DIFFICULTY
à Mary had…………………………………………her driving test.
4. I always trust Carla’s advice. SOMEBODY
à Carla……………………………………………………………advice I always trust.
5 . We appear to have been given the wrong address. AS
à IT……………………………………………….we have been given the wrong address.
6. I couldn’t understand the instructions for my new DVD player. SENSE
à The instructions for my new DVD player
didn’t……………………………………….me
7. We are afraid that the next train to Cardiff has been cancelled. REGRET
à We ________________________ the next train to Cardiff has been cancelled.
8. 'I was going to phone Sarah but I had too much homework to do', said John MEANT
à John said that ___________________ but he'd had too much homework to do.
9. Many people think that Gone with the Wind is one of the greatest films ever made. BE
à Gone with the Wind _________________ one of the greatest films ever made.
10. If you hold your breath for a few seconds it might get rid of your hiccups. HOLDING
à You might be able to get rid of your hiccups if you _____________ for a few seconds.
11. Anna didn't like it at all when one of her colleagues got the promotion instead of her.
RESENTED
à Anna _____________________ the promotion instead of her.
12. I have a good relationship with my neighbors.
ON
à My neighbors __________________well together.
13. It wasn't a good idea for me to spend all my money on beer and cigarettes, but I did.
UP
à I wish ________________________ my money on beer and cigarettes.
14. The police left and then all the journalists arrived.
ALREADY
à The police ____________________all the journalists arrived.


15. Although Sarah wasn't wearing a helmet, she wasn't injured in the accident. OF
à Sarah wasn't injured in the accident, ______________ a helmet.
16. She felt she had achieved a lot in life, despite her disadvantaged background. SENSE
à Despite her disadvantaged background, she felt _______________ about her life.
17. They have discovered some interesting new information. (LIGHT)
à ………………………………………………………………………………………
18. They suspended Jack for the next two matches. (BANNED)
à ………………………………………………………………………………………
19. I really want to see her again. (DYING)
à ………………………………………………………………………………………
20. She was so beautiful that I couldn't stop looking at her. (EYES)
221. We are looking forward to watching the program. (WAIT)
ANSWER KEY TO WRITING No. 1
I. Biến đổi câu :
1. The play was so dull that he fell asleep.
2. We are going to have our house painted by a local firm.
3. She left the room without saying a word.
4. He denied having stolen/ stealing the bicycle but admitted having borrowed/ borrowing it.
5. No sooner had I put up my umbrella than the rain came down in torrent.
6. Are we allowed to smoke in Vietnamese cinemas?
7. Had he studied hard, he wouldn’t have failed the exam.
8. So great was her grief that she almost fainted.
9. Hardly had the keeper opened the cage door when the lion attacked him.
10. HCM City is larger than any other city in Vietnam.
11. The more paper they produce, the more wood pulp they need.
12. We always remember spending our childhood in that beautiful mountain resort.
13. She insisted on being called Joyce.
14. Why don't you try using honey instead of sugar .
15. Some gestures can give you away when you lie.
16. At no time did he suspect (that) the money had been stolen.
17. The moment I got up to dance the band stopped playing
18. Only by united opposition can/will/could we eliminate world terrorism.
19. I must have my suit cleaned before the interview
/ I must have someone clean my suit before the interview
20. James didn't sign the contract without speaking to his lawyer.
21. The last time I was in Bristol was three years ago.
22. He suggested (that) Ann (should) put her luggage under the seat.
23. Unless somebody sends for a doctor, the child will die.
24. Were you to change your mind, you would be welcomed to join our class.
25. I do not feel like going out this afternoon.
26. However hard Adeles tries, she doesn't get anywhere/gets nowhere.
27. The boss is thought to be considering raising wages.
28. Despite the fact that he was disabled, he sailed/managed to sail around the world.
29. I wasn't early enough to see her.
30. I'd rather you didn't smoke.
31. Smiling happily, the mother took the baby in her arms.
32. It was not until after midnight that the noise next door stopped
33. Should there is any difficulty, you can ring this number.


II. 1. Our teacher…warned us not to sit…… .in front of the computer for too long
2. We couldn’t…find our / the / way home from the leisure centre.
3. Mary had…no difficulty…in passing………her driving test.
4. Carla……is somebody……/ whose…advice I always trust.
5 . IT…seems / as if / though…we have been given the wrong address.
6. The instructions for my new DVD player didn’t… make /sense to……me
7. regret to inform/to tell you/announce that
8. he had meant to phone Sarah
9. is considered/thought to be
10. try holding your breath
11. resented one of her colleagues getting
12. and I get on
13. I hadn't used up
14. had already left when/before
15. in spite of not wearing
16. a sense of achievement
17. Some interesting new information has come to light.
18. Jack was banned from playing in the next two matches.
19. I'm dying to see her again.
20. She was so beautiful that I couldn't take my eyes off her.
21. We can't wait to watch the program.

WRITING No.2
I.
Rewrite each sentence, beginning as shown, so that the meaning stays the same:
1. It is believed that the man escaped in a stolen car.
à The man is .....................................................................................................................................
2.The train journey from London to Bristol takes two hours.
à It is ................................................................................................................................................
3. I don’t really like her, even though I admire her achievements.
à Much as ........................................................................................................................................
4. It’s a long time since I last went to a football match.
à I haven’t........................................................................................................................................
5. Mary doesn’t realise how serious her illness is.
à Little .............................................................................................................................................
6. Your car might break down on the rough mountain road, so take plenty of spare parts.
à In case ...........................................................................................................................................
7. Is it true that you haven’t found a job yet?
à Are you still .................................................................................................................................?
8. There is absolutely no truth in that rumour.
à That ..............................................................................................................................................
9. In this company it’s John who handles orders for new stock.
à John is responsible ......................................................................................................................
10. I wish Jake hadn’t spent so much money on a new set of golf-clubs.
à I’m annoyed .................................................................................................................................
11. Its lack of irregular verbs makes Esperanto a unique language.
 Unlike…………...................................…………………………………………………………..
12. Mr. Smith knew little about the Internet, so he didn’t invest into any computer companies.

Had…..................................................................................................................................................
13. The Board of Directors discussed the business in length, but came to no decision.

The
Board
of
Directors
had ..............................................................................................................
14. When she got to the party, everyone was dancing and singing.
 On..................................................................................................................................................
15. Barbara runs a successful company and she also manages to look after her five children.


 Not only...................................................................................................................................
16. It is my opinion that you should spend more time practicing English.
 If....................................................................................................................................................
17. Everyone was surprised that the famous actor had very little money when he died.
 The famous actor....................................................................................................................
18. Success in the academic field depends on your ability to amass qualifications.
 The more........................................................................................................................................
19. “Get out of my house or I will shoot you”, the woman shouted at the strange man.
 The woman threatened.........................................................................................................
20. What mainly distinguishes man from other animals is the power of speech.
 Man…………..............................................................................................................................
21. It was the goalkeeper who saved the match for us.
→ If it hadn’t………………………………………………………………..
22. It is thought that the accident was caused by human error.
→ The accident……………………………………………….……..
23. I think the last time I saw you was at Diana’s house-warming party.
→ I don’t think………………………………………………………………………….
24. I gave Tom the message, but he already knew about it.
→ I needn’t……………………………………………………………………………...
25. I’ve forgotten that singer’s name but she’s very well-known.
→ That singer,…………………………………………….……………………….…….
26. It is essential that no one is told about our plans.
→ You…………………………………………………….……………………………..
27. It is your duty to tell him what to do.
→ You are ……………………………………………………………………….………..
28. Do you have a good relationship with your boss?
→ Are you……………………………………………………………………………..…?
29. Under no circumstances should you phone the police.
→ The last …………………………………………………………………..……….…..
30. The permit expires at the end of this month.
→ The permit is not………………………………………………………..……………….
31. I am only interested in why he did it.
→ The only thing.....................................................................................................................
32. House prices have risen dramatically this year.
→ There has been ...................................................................................................................
33. I can’t understand how this new computer works.
→ This new computer works ................................................................................................
34. She didn’t inherit anything under her uncle’s will.
→ Her uncle didn’t ................................................................................................................
35. I only recognized him when he came into light.
→ Not until ...........................................................................................................................
36. The journalists only heard about the changes to the wedding plans when they arrived at the
venue.
à It was only ....................................................................................................................................
37. We only came to this restaurant because you insisted that we did so.
à It was at ........................................................................................................................................
38. Arguing with her won’t get you anywhere.
à It won’t do ..................................................................................................................................


39. The thief must have come in through the window.
à The thief almost .........................................................................................................................
40. What put me off the idea was simply how expensive it was going to be.
à The sheer ...................................................................................................................................
41. Although Mary was exhausted, she agreed to join in the activity.
→ Exhausted .....................................................................................................................................
42. We'll let you know as soon as we have received the information.
→ The .............................................................................................................................................
43. You can only really master a language if you use it regularly.
→ Only by .....................................................................................................................................
44. It's nobody's fault that the match was cancelled.
→ Nobody is to ..............................................................................................................................
45. I don't intend to apologise to either of them..
→ I have no ....................................................................................................................................
46. Customs officials are stopping more travelers than usual this week.
→ An increased ……………………………………………………………...
47. I left without saying goodbye as I didn’t want to disturb the meeting.
→ Rather ………………………………………………………………………….
48. My decision to get up and dance coincided with the band’s decision to stop playing.
→ The moment ……………………………………………………………………...
49. He never suspected that the bicycle had been stolen.
→ At no time …………………………………………………………………...
50. How could I help, except to offer to lend her some money?
→ Other ………………………………………………………………………………...
ANSWER KEY TO WRITING No. 2
I. 1. The man is believed to have been escaped in a stolen car.
2. It is a two-hour train journey from London to Bristol.
3. Much as I admire her achievements, I don’t really like her.
4. I haven’t been to a football match for a long time.
5. Little does Mary realise how serious her illness is.
6. In case your car breaks down on the rough mountain road, take plenty of spare parts.
7. Are you still looking for a job?/ Are you still unemployed?
8. That rumour is absolutely false.
9. John is responsible for handling orders for new stock.
10. I’m annoyed at Jake for spending / having spent so much money on a new set of golf-clubs.
11. Unlike other languages, Esperanto has no irregular verbs.
12. Had Mr. Smith known something / more / a little more / some more about the Internet, he
would have invested into some computer companies.
13. The Board of Directors had a long discussion on / about the business, but come to / reached /
made no decision.
14. On her arrival at the party, everyone was dancing and singing.
15. Not only does Barbara run a successful company, but she also manages to look after her five
children.
{ , but she manages to look after her five children (as well)} , { , she also manages to look after
her five children.}
16. If I were you I would spend more time practicing English.
17. The famous actor had very little money when he died, which surprised everyone.
, which made everyone surprised


18. The more qualifications you are able to / can amass, the more successful you become / are in
the academic field. ( , the more success you can / will make / have in the academic field.)
19. The woman threatened to shoot the strange man if he did not get out of her house.
20. Man is mainly distinguished from other animals by the power of speech.
21. If it hadn’t been for the goalkeeper, we could have lost the match.
22. The accident is thought to have been caused by human error.
23. I don’t think I’ve seen you since Dianna’s house-warming party.
24. I needn’t have given Tom the message, because/as/since he already knew about it.
25. That singer, whose name I’ve forgotten, is very well-known.
26. You mustn’t tell anyone about our plans.
27. You are supposed to tell him what to do.
28. Are you getting along with your boss?
29. The last thing you should do is to phone the police.
30. The permit is not valid after the end of this month.
31. The only thing I am interested in is why he did it.
32. There has been a dramatic rise (increase) in house prices this year.
33. This new computer works in the way I can’t understand.
34. Her uncle didn’t leave her anything in his will.
35. Not until he came into light did I recognize him.
36. It was only when the journalists arrived at the venue that they heard about the changes to the
wedding plans.
37. It was at your insistence that we came to this restaurant.
38. It won’t do you any good to argue with her.
39. The thief almost certainly came in through the window.
40. The sheer expense/ cost was what put me off the idea.
41. Exhausted as / though Mary was / might be, she agreed to join the activity.
42. The minute / moment we have received the information , we'll let you know.
43. Only by using it ( a language) regularly, can you really master a language (it).
44. Nobody is to blame for the match cancellation / the match's cancellation / the cancellation of
the match / the fact that the match was cancelled.
45. I have no intention of apologising / apologizing to either of them.
46. An increased number of travellers is being stopped by customs officials this week.
47. Rather than disturb the meeting, I left without saying goodbye.
48. The moment I decided to get up to dance, the band decided to stop playing.
49. At no time did he suspect that the bicycle had been stolen.
50. Other than to offer to lend her some money, how could I help?

WRITING No.3
II. Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence, using
the word given. Do not change the word given.
1. She felt she had achieved a lot in life, despite her disadvantaged background (SENSE)
à ………………………………………………………………………………………
2. I think you should try to be optimistic as you can. (SIDE)
à ………………………………………………………………………………………
3. In the end, it was quite a good sunny day after all. (OUT)
à ………………………………………………………………………………………
4. I hate watching late night films on TV. (STAND)
à ………………………………………………………………………………………
5. The principal was the first person who arrived at the meeting. (ARRIVE)
à ………………………………………………………………………………………


6. Susan said that she didn’t want to go out that evening. (RATHER)
→ Susan said that ……………………………………. out that evening.
7. When was the last time you saw Robert? (LONG)
→ How ……………………………..……... you last saw Robert?
8. Would you like to see the photos I took? (HAVE)
→ Would you like …………………….………..….…. the photos I took?
9. They share a lot of hobbies and interests. (COMMON)
→ They have a lot of ……………………………..………… .
10. I daren’t turn on the television because the baby might wake up. (FEAR)
→ I daren’t turn on the television …………………..…… the baby up.
13. People claim that he was the best tennis player of his times.
said
→ He................................. the best tennis player of his times.
14. They left early because they didn’t want to get caught in the traffic.
avoid
→ They left early in order ................................. in the traffic.
15. Why didn’t they tell me about these changes earlier?
should
→ I ................................. about these changes earlier.
16. He had a very traditional upbringing, didn’t he?
traditionally
→ He ................................., wasn’t he?
17. I would like to express my thanks for everything you have done for me.
thankful
→ I’d like to say................................. am for everything you have done for me.
18. She is determined to become a doctor. (HEART)
à ………………………………………………………………………………………
19. She just pretended to welcome him, then quickly left the waiting room. (MOTIONS)
à ………………………………………………………………………………………
20. The success of the venture cannot be guaranteed. (SUCCEED)
à ………………………………………………………………………………………
21. We simply must pay them the whole amount before the end of the month.
(ALTERNATIVE)
à ………………………………………………………………………………………
22. Ours is the only company allowed to import these chemicals. (MONOPOLY)
à ………………………………………………………………………………………
23. As long as he could see, Kevin really didn't mind where he sat in the stadium. (difference)
→ As long as he could see , ____________________________________ where he sat in the
stadium
24. Somebody should have told us that the date had been changed.
(informed)
→ We should ___________________________________ the change of the date
25. Jane's family persuaded her to enter the competition.
(talked)
→ Jane was ____________________________________ the competition by her family.
26. We never imagined that Julian might be planning to resign from his job.
(occurred)
→ It never __________________________________ Julian might be planning to resign from his
job
27. Sally was all ready to leave the office when her boss asked her to type up a report
(point)
→ Sally was ______________________________ the office when her boss asked her to type up
a report
28. To this day no one has equaled his achievements in the field of technology. (unsurpassed)
→ To this day ………………………………………………………… in the field of technology.
29. Peter grimaced as he swallowed the foul-tasting medicine. (pulled)


→ Peter ……………………………………………………………….the foul-tasting medicine.
30. It’s unfortunately that the construction of the building will not be finished as originally
planned. (longer)
→ The construction of the building …………………………………………………………
unfortunate.
31. What he told me made me very curious to hear the rest of the history. (appetite)
→ What he told me ………………………………………………………………………….. the
story.
32. They chose not to drive because they thought there would be too much snow. (fear)
→ They chose …………………………………………………………………….…. too much
snow.

ANSWER KEY TO WRITING No. 3
1. Despite her disadvantaged background, she felt a sense of achievement about her life
2. I think you should look on the bright side.
3. The day turned out to be quite sunny after all/ It turned out to be quite a good sunny day after
all.
4. I can't stand watching late night films on TV.
5. The principal was the first person to arrive at the meeting
6. Susan said that she’d rather not go out that evening.
7. How long is it/ has it been since you last saw Robert?
8. Would you like to have a look at the photos I took?
9. They have a lot of hobbies and interests in common.
10. I daren’t turn on the television for fear of waking the baby up.
11. is said to have been
12. to avoid getting/being caught
13. should have been told
14. was traditionally brought up/ was brought up traditionally.
15. how thankful I
16. She has set her heart on becoming a doctor.
17. She just went through the motions of welcoming him, then quickly left the waiting room.
18. It cannot be guaranteed that the venture will succeed.
19. We have no alternative but to pay them the whole amount before the end of the month.
20. Our company has got monopoly of importation.
21. As long as he could see, it made no difference to Kevin where he sat in the stadium.
22. We should have been informed of / about the change of the date.
23. Jane was talked into entering the competition by her family.
24. It never occurred to us that Julian might be planning to resign from his job.
25. Sally was on the point of leaving the office when her boss asked her to type up a report.
26. his achievements are unsurpassed.
27. pulled a face as he swallowed.
28. will take longer than originally planned, which is.
29. whetted my appetite for the rest of.
30. not to drive for fear of.


11. She was so beautiful that I couldn't stop looking at her. (EYES)
à ………………………………………………………………………………………
12. We are looking forward to watching the program. (WAIT)
à ………………………………………………………………………………………
2. Although his both legs were broken in the crash, he managed to get out of the car before it
exploded.
=> Despite
his…………………………………………………………………………………………..
3. I haven’t eaten this kind of food before.
=> This is the first………………………………………………………………………………..
4. The architect has drawn plans for an extension to the house.
=>
Plans…………………………………………………………………………………………………
5. It isn’t necessary for you to finish by Saturday
=>
You…………………………………………………………………………………………………

6. “ How many survivors are there?”, asked the journalist.
=> The journalist wanted to know………………………………………………………………
7. It was such rotten meat that it had to be thrown away.
=> The meat was………………………………………………………..
8. It is essential that Professor Van Helsing is met at the airport.
=> Professor Van Helsing……………………………………………………………………..
9. You can’t visit the USA unless you have a visa.
=> If you………………………………………………………..
10. “ Can I borrow your typewriter, Janet”? asked Peter.
=> Peter asked if……………………………………………………………..
11. She started working as a secretary five years ago.
=> She has……………………………………………………………………


12. She knows a lot more about it than I do.
=> I don’t know…………………………………………………………………….
13. My French friend finds driving on the left difficult.
=> My French friend isn’t………………………………………………………………….
14. They think the owner of the house is abroad.
=> The owner………………………………………………………………………….
15. We didn’t go on holiday because we did not have enough money.
=> If we…………………………………………………………………………………….
16. The children couldn’t go swimming because the sea was rough.
=> The sea was too……………………………………………………………………….
17. The mechanic serviced my car last week.
=> I………………………………………………………………………………..
18. I’m always nervous when I travel by air.
=>
Traveling…………………………………………………………………………………………..
19. He couldn’t afford to buy the car.
=> The
car……………………………………………………………………………………………..
20. “Why don’t you put your luggage under the seat?” he asked.
=> He suggested………………………………..
21. Although he had a good salary, he was unhappy in his job.
=> In spite of………………………………………………………………………………..
22. I’m sorry I missed your birthday party.
=> I wish…………………….
23. They haven’t cleaned the streets this week.
=> The streets…………….
24. Apples are usually cheaper than oranges.


=> Apple are not……………….
25. I advice you to put your money in the bank.
=> You’d……………………
26. That restaurant is so dirty that no one wants to eat there.
=> It is such…………………………………..
27. I’ll pick the children up if you like.
=> Would you……………………………….
28. He objected to the fact that his secretary came to work late.
=> He was annoyed………………………….
29. Tom is the most industrious pupil.
=> No other pupil……………..
30. She isn’t accustomed to life in London
=> She’s not used to…………………..
31. “Don’t forget to phone the office,” she told him.
=> She reminded……………….
32. I’m afraid I haven’t got time to listen to you.
=> I wish…………………….
33. The police has just released John.
=> John…………………………………………………………………………………………….
34. I couldn’t hear them because they were speaking too softly.
=> They were speaking………
35. We spent 5 hours getting to London.
=> It took……..
36. I get to work in 20 minutes.
=> It ………………
37. It is necessary that this work be finished by Monday.


=> This work……..
38. It’s a pity I didn’t take my doctor’s advice.
=> I wish……………
39. The bread is so tale we can’t eat it.
=> The bread isn’t……….
40. Who does this bag belong to?
=> Whose……..
41. My boyfriend is very short-tempered.
=> My boyfriend loses……….
42. You can use it as long as you like, and it won’t wear out.
=> No matter…….. ………………………………………………………………………………..
43. If the work is finished by lunchtime you can go home.
=> Get………………………………………………………………………………………..
44. How have you been getting on with your enquiries?
=> How much…………
45. I gave Ted the massage, but he already knew about it.
=> I needn’t………
46. The trains couldn’t run because of the snow.
=> The snow………………………………………………………………
47. I didn’t arrived in time to see him.
=> I wasn’t early………………………………………………………….
48. I’m sorry I was rude to you yesterday.
=> I apologize……………………………………………………………..
49. She didn’t hurry, so she missed the train.
=> If……………………………………………………………………….
50. Barbara is the best tennis-player in the club.


=> No one…………………………………………………………………
51. I haven’t seen that man here before.
=> It’s……………………………………………………………………..
52. The furniture was so expensive that I didn’t buy it.
=> The furniture was too………………………………………………….
53. The robbers made the bank manager hand over on the money.
=> The bank manager……………………………………………………..
54. Tom learned to drive when he was nineteen.
=> Tom has………………………………………………………………..
55. She had never been so unhappy before.
=> She was unhappier……………………………………………………..
56. It was so late that nothing could be done.
=> It was too………………………………………………………………
57. He left school and then joined the army.
=> After …………………………………………………………………
58. The leak was repaired by the plumber this morning.
=> The plumber …………………………………………………………..
59.This flower is very beautiful!
=> How …………………………………………………………………!
60. Somebody stole his watch yesterday.
=> His watch ………………………………………………………………
61. The last time she had a swim was five years ago.
=> She hasn’t ………………………………………………………………
62. I asked the hotel porter to wake me at 8 o’clock the following morning.
=> “Please…………………………………………………………………
63. They’ll have to change the date of the meeting again.


The date……………………………………………………………….
64. The garage is going to repair the car for us next week.
We are going ………………………………………………………….
65. The bus take s longer than the train.
The train……………………………………………………………….
66. John has not had his hair cut for over six months.
It is……………………………………………………………………..
67. Maria says she’d like to have been put in a higher class.
Maria wishes…………………………………………………………..
68. Would you like me to finish the work tonight?
I’ll………………………………………………………………………
69. You may get hungry on the train, so take some sandwiches.
In……………………………………………………………………….
70. My husband didn’t leave the car keys, so I couldn’t pick him up at the station.
If my husband…………………………………………………………..
71. “I don’t think John will come”, said Bill
Bill doubted……………………………………………………………..
72. The postman was bitten by our dog.
Our dog………………………………………………………………….
73. We couldn’t drive because of the fog.
The fog prevented……………………………………………………….
74. Although his leg was broken he managed to get out of the car.
In spite…………………………………………………………………..
75. The cake was so hard so I couldn’t cat it.
It was…………………………………………………………………….
76. We didn’t go because it rained.


If it hadn’t………………………………………………………………..
77. I can’t cook as well as my mother does.
My mother…………………………………………………………………
78. I don’t suppose you have change for a pound, do you?
Do you happen……………………………………………………………
79. He failed to win the race.
He didn’t………………………………………………………………….
80. Mary rang hours and hour ago.
It’s hours………………………………………………………………….
81. I’m sorry that I didn’t finish my homework last night.
I wish……………………………………………………………………..
82. She asked Michael how she liked her new dress.
“How……………………………………………………………………..
83. A train leaves at 8 o’clock every morning.
There is…………………………………………………………………..
84. Nobody can deny that she has a beautiful voice.
It…………………………………………………………………………
85. I would like you t help me to put the chairs away.
Do you mind…………………………………………………………….
86. The child will die if nobody sends for a doctor.
Unless……………………………………………………………………
87. He would prefer you to pay him immediately.
He’d rather………………………………………………………………
88. The water was so cold that the children couldn’t swim in it.
The water was not………………………………………………………………………….
89. Somebody repaired her car yesterday.


She………………………………………………………………………………………………
90. You must see the manager tomorrow morning.
You’ve………………………………………………………………………………………….
91. There was never any answers when we rang.
=> Every……………………………………………………………………………………………
92. That’s an insulting name to use for him.
=> Don’t call……………………………………………………………………………………..
93. John asked if it was the blue one or the green she wanted.
=> Which…………………………………………………………………………………………..
94. She liked Paris very little, and Rome less.
=> She thought Rome………………………………………………………………………….
95. I can meet you if you arrive before eleven.
=> So………………………………………………………………………………………………..
96. They will catch all the prisoners again by tonight.
=> All the prisoners…………………………………………………………………………….
97. I’ve warned you not go to near that dog.
=> I’ve warned you about……………………………………………………………………
98. No, please don’t tell him.
=> I’d rather……………………………………………………………………………………….
99. Why don’t asked her yourself?
=> I suggest……………………………………………………………………………………….


ANSWER KEY TO WRITING
I. Biến đổi câu :
19. The play was so dull that he fell asleep.
20. We are going to have our house painted by a local firm.
21. She left the room without saying a word.
22. He denied having stolen/ stealing the bicycle but admitted having borrowed/ borrowing it.
23. No sooner had I put up my umbrella than the rain came down in torrent.
24. Are we allowed to smoke in Vietnamese cinemas?
25. Had he studied hard, he wouldn’t have failed the exam.
26. So great was her grief that she almost fainted.
27. Hardly had the keeper opened the cage door when the lion attacked him.
28. HCM City is larger than any other city in Vietnam.
29. The more paper they produce, the more wood pulp they need.
30. We always remember spending our childhood in that beautiful mountain resort.
31. She insisted on being called Joyce.
32. Why don't you try using honey instead of sugar .
33. Some gestures can give you away when you lie.
34. At no time did he suspect (that) the money had been stolen.
35. The moment I got up to dance the band stopped playing
36. Only by united opposition can/will/could we eliminate world terrorism.
19. I must have my suit cleaned before the interview
/ I must have someone clean my suit before the interview
20. James didn't sign the contract without speaking to his lawyer.
21. The last time I was in Bristol was three years ago.
22. He suggested (that) Ann (should) put her luggage under the seat.
23. Unless somebody sends for a doctor, the child will die.
24. Were you to change your mind, you would be welcomed to join our class.
25. I do not feel like going out this afternoon.
26. However hard Adeles tries, she doesn't get anywhere/gets nowhere.
27. The boss is thought to be considering raising wages.
28. Despite the fact that he was disabled, he sailed/managed to sail around the world.
29. I wasn't early enough to see her.
30. I'd rather you didn't smoke.
31. Smiling happily, the mother took the baby in her arms.
32. It was not until after midnight that the noise next door stopped
33. Should there is any difficulty, you can ring this number.
II. 1. Our teacher…warned us not to sit…… .in front of the computer for too long
2. We couldn’t…find our / the / way home from the leisure centre.
3. Mary had…no difficulty…in passing………her driving test.
4. Carla……is somebody……/ whose…advice I always trust.
5 . IT…seems / as if / though…we have been given the wrong address.
6. The instructions for my new DVD player didn’t… make /sense to……me
7. regret to inform/to tell you/announce that
8. he had meant to phone Sarah
9. is considered/thought to be
10. try holding your breath
11. resented one of her colleagues getting
12. and I get on
13. I hadn't used up
14. had already left when/before
15. in spite of not wearing
16. a sense of achievement
17. Some interesting new information has come to light.


18. Jack was banned from playing in the next two matches.
19. I'm dying to see her again.
20. She was so beautiful that I couldn't take my eyes off her.
21. We can't wait to watch the program.
WRITING No.4
II. Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence, using
the word given. Do not change the word given.
1. She felt she had achieved a lot in life, despite her disadvantaged background (SENSE)
à ………………………………………………………………………………………
2. I think you should try to be optimistic as you can. (SIDE)
à ………………………………………………………………………………………
3. In the end, it was quite a good sunny day after all. (OUT)
à ………………………………………………………………………………………
4. I hate watching late night films on TV. (STAND)
à ………………………………………………………………………………………
5. The principal was the first person who arrived at the meeting. (ARRIVE)
à ………………………………………………………………………………………
6. Susan said that she didn’t want to go out that evening. (RATHER)
→ Susan said that ……………………………………. out that evening.
7. When was the last time you saw Robert? (LONG)
→ How ……………………………..……... you last saw Robert?
8. Would you like to see the photos I took? (HAVE)
→ Would you like …………………….………..….…. the photos I took?
9. They share a lot of hobbies and interests. (COMMON)
→ They have a lot of ……………………………..………… .
10. I daren’t turn on the television because the baby might wake up. (FEAR)
→ I daren’t turn on the television …………………..…… the baby up.
11. People claim that he was the best tennis player of his times.
said
→ He................................. the best tennis player of his times.
12. They left early because they didn’t want to get caught in the traffic.
avoid
→ They left early in order ................................. in the traffic.
13. Why didn’t they tell me about these changes earlier?
should
→ I ................................. about these changes earlier.
14. He had a very traditional upbringing, didn’t he?
traditionally
→ He ................................., wasn’t he?
15. I would like to express my thanks for everything you have done for me.
thankful
→ I’d like to say................................. am for everything you have done for me.
16. She is determined to become a doctor. (HEART)
à ………………………………………………………………………………………
17. She just pretended to welcome him, then quickly left the waiting room. (MOTIONS)
à ………………………………………………………………………………………
18. The success of the venture cannot be guaranteed. (SUCCEED)
à ………………………………………………………………………………………
19. We simply must pay them the whole amount before the end of the month.
(ALTERNATIVE)
à ………………………………………………………………………………………
20. Ours is the only company allowed to import these chemicals. (MONOPOLY)


à ………………………………………………………………………………………
21. As long as he could see, Kevin really didn't mind where he sat in the stadium. (difference)
→ As long as he could see , ____________________________________ where he sat in the
stadium
22. Somebody should have told us that the date had been changed.
(informed)
→ We should ___________________________________ the change of the date
23. Jane's family persuaded her to enter the competition.
(talked)
→ Jane was ____________________________________ the competition by her family.
24. We never imagined that Julian might be planning to resign from his job.
(occurred)
→ It never __________________________________ Julian might be planning to resign from his
job
25. Sally was all ready to leave the office when her boss asked her to type up a report
(point)
→ Sally was ______________________________ the office when her boss asked her to type up
a report
26. To this day no one has equaled his achievements in the field of technology. (unsurpassed)
→ To this day ………………………………………………………… in the field of technology.
27. Peter grimaced as he swallowed the foul-tasting medicine. (pulled)
→ Peter ……………………………………………………………….the foul-tasting medicine.
28. It’s unfortunately that the construction of the building will not be finished as originally
planned. (longer)
→ The construction of the building …………………………………………………………
unfortunate.
29. What he told me made me very curious to hear the rest of the history. (appetite)
→ What he told me ………………………………………………………………………….. the
story.
30. They chose not to drive because they thought there would be too much snow. (fear)
→ They chose …………………………………………………………………….…. too much
snow.
31. It isn’t necessary for you to finish by Saturday
=>
You…………………………………………………………………………………………………

32. It is essential that Professor Van Helsing is met at the airport.
=> Professor Van Helsing………………………………………………………………..............
……..
33. She knows a lot more about it than I do.
=> I don’t know…………………………………………...............................
………………………….
34. My French friend finds driving on the left difficult.
=> My French friend isn’t……………………………………………………………….................
….
35. They think the owner of the house is abroad.
=> The owner……………………………………………………………………….......................
….
36. The mechanic serviced my car last week.
=> I…………………………………………………………………………….............................
…..
37. I’m always nervous when I travel by air.
=>
Traveling…………………………………………………………………………………………..


38. Apples are usually cheaper than oranges.
=> Apple are not………..........................................................................................................
……….
39. I advice you to put your money in the bank.
=> You’d……..............................................................................................................
………………
40. I’ll pick the children up if you like.
=> Would you…….......................................................................................
………………………….
41. He objected to the fact that his secretary came to work late.
=> He was annoyed……….....................................................................................
………………….
42. Tom is the most industrious pupil.
=> No other pupil……...........................................................................................................
………..
43. She isn’t accustomed to life in London
=> She’s not used to…………...............................................................................................
………..
44. I couldn’t hear them because they were speaking too softly.
=> They were speaking…............................................................................................................
……
45. The bread is so tale we can’t eat it.
=> The bread isn’t….................................................................................................................…….
46. Who does this bag belong to?
=> Whose……...................................................................................................................................
47. My boyfriend is very short-tempered.
=> My boyfriend loses….........................................................................................................…….
48. You can use it as long as you like, and it won’t wear out.
=> No matter…….. ………………………………………………………………………………..
49. If the work is finished by lunchtime you can go home.
=> Get……………………………............
…………………………………………………………..
50. How have you been getting on with your enquiries?
=> How much………....................................................................................................................…
51. I gave Ted the massage, but he already knew about it.
=> I needn’t…..........................................................................................................................……
52. The trains couldn’t run because of the snow.
=> The snow……………........................................
…………………………………………………
ANSWER KEY TO WRITING No. 4
1. Despite her disadvantaged background, she felt a sense of achievement about her life
2. I think you should look on the bright side.
3. The day turned out to be quite sunny after all/ It turned out to be quite a good sunny day after
all.
4. I can't stand watching late night films on TV.
5. The principal was the first person to arrive at the meeting
6. Susan said that she’d rather not go out that evening.
7. How long is it/ has it been since you last saw Robert?
8. Would you like to have a look at the photos I took?
9. They have a lot of hobbies and interests in common.
10. I daren’t turn on the television for fear of waking the baby up.


11. is said to have been
12. to avoid getting/being caught
13. should have been told
14. was traditionally brought up/ was brought up traditionally.
15. how thankful I
16. She has set her heart on becoming a doctor.
17. She just went through the motions of welcoming him, then quickly left the waiting room.
18. It cannot be guaranteed that the venture will succeed.
19. We have no alternative but to pay them the whole amount before the end of the month.
20. Our company has got monopoly of importation.
21. As long as he could see, it made no difference to Kevin where he sat in the stadium.
22. We should have been informed of / about the change of the date.
23. Jane was talked into entering the competition by her family.
24. It never occurred to us that Julian might be planning to resign from his job.
25. Sally was on the point of leaving the office when her boss asked her to type up a report.
26. his achievements are unsurpassed.
27. pulled a face as he swallowed.
28. will take longer than originally planned, which is.
29. whetted my appetite for the rest of.
30. not to drive for fear of.
31. You don’t have to finish by Saturday.
32. …….must be met at the airport.
33. ………..so much about it as she does.
34…………….used to driving on the left.
35…………of the house is thought to be abroad.
36. I got / had my car serviced by the mechanic last week. / I got the mechanic to service my car
last week./ I had the mechanic service my car last week.
37. ………by air always makes me ……..
38………usually as expensive as ……….
39.You’d better put your money in the bank
40. Would you like me to pick the children up? / mind if I pick up the children?
41. He was annoyed at / about his secretary coming late to work. / because his secretary came to
work late.
42……………….pupil is as industrious as Tom.
43. She’s not used to living / life in London.
44. They were speaking too softly for me to hear . / so softly that I couldn’t hear them.
45. The bread isn’t fresh enough to eat.
46. Whose bag is this? / is this bag?
47………………..his temper very easily
48…….how long you use it , it won’t wear out
49. Get the work finished by lunchtime and you can go home
50………….progress have you made with your enquiries?
51. I needn’t have given Ted the massage, because he already knew about it.
52. The sow prevented the trains from running.


WRITING No.5
1. “ Why don’t you put better lock on the door, Barbara”? said John
=> John
suggested……………………………………………………………………………………..
2. Although his both legs were broken in the crash, he managed to get out of the car before it
exploded.
=> Despite
his…………………………………………………………………………………………..
3. I haven’t eaten this kind of food before.
=> This is the first………………………………………………………………………………..
4. The architect has drawn plans for an extension to the house.
=>
Plans…………………………………………………………………………………………………
5. It isn’t necessary for you to finish by Saturday
=>
You…………………………………………………………………………………………………

6. “ How many survivors are there?”, asked the journalist.
=> The journalist wanted to know………………………………………………………………
7. It was such rotten meat that it had to be thrown away.
=> The meat was………………………………………………………..
8. It is essential that Professor Van Helsing is met at the airport.
=> Professor Van Helsing……………………………………………………………………..
9. You can’t visit the USA unless you have a visa.
=> If you………………………………………………………..
10. “ Can I borrow your typewriter, Janet”? asked Peter.
=> Peter asked if……………………………………………………………..
11. She started working as a secretary five years ago.
=> She has……………………………………………………………………
12. She knows a lot more about it than I do.
=> I don’t know…………………………………………………………………….
13. My French friend finds driving on the left difficult.
=> My French friend isn’t………………………………………………………………….
14. They think the owner of the house is abroad.
=> The owner………………………………………………………………………….
15. We didn’t go on holiday because we did not have enough money.
=> If we…………………………………………………………………………………….
16. The children couldn’t go swimming because the sea was rough.
=> The sea was too……………………………………………………………………….
17. The mechanic serviced my car last week.
=> I………………………………………………………………………………..
18. I’m always nervous when I travel by air.
=>
Traveling…………………………………………………………………………………………..
19. He couldn’t afford to buy the car.
=> The
car……………………………………………………………………………………………..
20. “Why don’t you put your luggage under the seat?” he asked.
=> He suggested………………………………..


21. Although he had a good salary, he was unhappy in his job.
=> In spite of………………………………………………………………………………..
22. I’m sorry I missed your birthday party.
=> I wish…………………….
23. They haven’t cleaned the streets this week.
=> The streets…………….
24. Apples are usually cheaper than oranges.
=> Apple are not……………….
25. I advice you to put your money in the bank.
=> You’d……………………
26. That restaurant is so dirty that no one wants to eat there.
=> It is such…………………………………..
27. I’ll pick the children up if you like.
=> Would you……………………………….
28. He objected to the fact that his secretary came to work late.
=> He was annoyed………………………….
29. Tom is the most industrious pupil.
=> No other pupil……………..
30. She isn’t accustomed to life in London
=> She’s not used to…………………..
31. “Don’t forget to phone the office,” she told him.
=> She reminded……………….
32. I’m afraid I haven’t got time to listen to you.
=> I wish…………………….
33. The police has just released John.
=> John…………………………………………………………………………………………….
34. I couldn’t hear them because they were speaking too softly.
=> They were speaking………
35. We spent 5 hours getting to London.
=> It took……..
36. I get to work in 20 minutes.
=> It ………………
37. It is necessary that this work be finished by Monday.
=> This work……..
38. It’s a pity I didn’t take my doctor’s advice.
=> I wish……………
39. The bread is so tale we can’t eat it.
=> The bread isn’t……….
40. Who does this bag belong to?
=> Whose……..
41. My boyfriend is very short-tempered.
=> My boyfriend loses……….
42. You can use it as long as you like, and it won’t wear out.
=> No matter…….. ………………………………………………………………………………..
43. If the work is finished by lunchtime you can go home.
=> Get………………………………………………………………………………………..
44. How have you been getting on with your enquiries?
=> How much…………
45. I gave Ted the massage, but he already knew about it.
=> I needn’t………
46. The trains couldn’t run because of the snow.


=> The snow………………………………………………………………
47. I didn’t arrived in time to see him.
=> I wasn’t early………………………………………………………….
48. I’m sorry I was rude to you yesterday.
=> I apologize……………………………………………………………..
49. She didn’t hurry, so she missed the train.
=> If……………………………………………………………………….
50. Barbara is the best tennis-player in the club.
=> No one…………………………………………………………………
51. I haven’t seen that man here before.
=> It’s……………………………………………………………………..
52. The furniture was so expensive that I didn’t buy it.
=> The furniture was too………………………………………………….
53. The robbers made the bank manager hand over on the money.
=> The bank manager……………………………………………………..
54. Tom learned to drive when he was nineteen.
=> Tom has………………………………………………………………..
55. She had never been so unhappy before.
=> She was unhappier……………………………………………………..
56. It was so late that nothing could be done.
=> It was too………………………………………………………………
57. He left school and then joined the army.
=> After …………………………………………………………………
58. The leak was repaired by the plumber this morning.
=> The plumber …………………………………………………………..
59.This flower is very beautiful!
=> How …………………………………………………………………!
60. Somebody stole his watch yesterday.
=> His watch ………………………………………………………………
61. The last time she had a swim was five years ago.
=> She hasn’t ………………………………………………………………
62. I asked the hotel porter to wake me at 8 o’clock the following morning.
=> “Please…………………………………………………………………
63. They’ll have to change the date of the meeting again.
The date……………………………………………………………….
64. The garage is going to repair the car for us next week.
We are going ………………………………………………………….
65. The bus take s longer than the train.
The train……………………………………………………………….
66. John has not had his hair cut for over six months.
It is……………………………………………………………………..
67. Maria says she’d like to have been put in a higher class.
Maria wishes…………………………………………………………..
68. Would you like me to finish the work tonight?
I’ll………………………………………………………………………
69. You may get hungry on the train, so take some sandwiches.
In……………………………………………………………………….
70. My husband didn’t leave the car keys, so I couldn’t pick him up at the station.
If my husband…………………………………………………………..
71. “I don’t think John will come”, said Bill
Bill doubted……………………………………………………………..


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