15 topic thi nói tiếng Anh B1
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Topic 1: The means of transport you like most.
If I have to decide which mean of transport I like most, it’ll be a car. Nowadays it is really
necessary for me and my family.
Firstly, it is safer to drive a car than to ride a motorbike because in a car there are air bags,
seat belts, car alarm, etc, that prevent us from being injured if you have an accident. Driving a car
at night on a lonely road will safer than riding a motorbike.
Secondly, you never have to think about the weather (such a rain, sun, storm, and dark at
night) when you drive. A car has air-conditioner which helps you to avoid getting wet, dust… so it
help to keep you healthy.
In the third place, a car is comfortable and fast. You can pretty much travel wherever you
want whenever you want within your local area, without having to worry about the departure times
and delays of the public transport system.
Furthermore, you will feel comfortable and relaxed with the CD and DVD machines on
the car. You can listen music and you have pleasure of driving. When you are tired, you can stop
the journey and rest.
Finally, if you have just the one car between you and your family, it can be possible to
share the vehicle between all of the family members thus providing everyone with a mode of
transport at all times.
Topic 2: The most useful machine in the twentieth century.
Among the most useful inventions in the last century, I find the computer the most important
because of these reasons:
First, when the computer is connected to the Internet, it is a good way of learning and getting
information. You can read newspapers on line and download lots of information from the web
pages. Besides, you can learn online as well.
Second, computers is convenient because it helps you work faster by typing, printing
document and storing data if you want.
Finally, computer is a good way to entertain with many kinds of games and entertainments.
There are a lot of games and on line activities like forum or Facebook for you to share ideas
and information with your friends. You can also listen to music or watch movies if you like.
In short, computers are really useful and important to my life and my work.
Topic 3: Your favorite leisure activity (for women).
I often cook when I have free time because cooking is a joyful and relaxing activity for me.
First, cooking a good meal brings happiness to my family. All the members in my family can
gather around the table and enjoy the food I cook and talk and share the joy with each others.
Second, cooking is my favorite hobby because I’m a woman. Cooking is one way to show my
feminine character and to show my responsibility in the family.
Finally, cooking helps me reduce stress of everyday hard work and makes me relaxed. When I
cook, I can forget the problems that I have and just pay attention to the cooking. Maybe, after
relaxing, I feel much happier and I can solve my problem.
In conclusion, cooking is my favorite activity when I have free time.
Topic 4: The advantages of living in the countryside.
Living in the countryside is really good for your life because of these reasons:
First, living in the country can bring you a clean environment. The air is fresher and there are
lots of trees, rice fields and rivers, you can walk on the fields or along the rivers to enjoy the
clean and fresh air there in the early morning.
Second, living in the countryside is cheaper than in the city because people there have lower
income and don’t have the habit of spending a lot of money. If you live in the country, you can
save a lot of money.
Finally, people in the country are more friendly and opener than people in the city because
they live near each other. People live together in a small village so they can talk countryside
can have festivals and you can join and fell very happy.
In conclusion, there are many benefits of living in the country.
Topic 5: The disadvantages of living in the city.
Many people find it difficult and unpleasant to live in the city because of these reasons:
First, the air in the city is getting more and polluted because the traffic is so heavy, the city
roads are in bad conditions and the population is really big. There are fewer and fewer trees,
lakes and rivers.
Second, the cost of living is much higher than in the rural areas. People have to spend more
money on food, drink, clothes and other activities like traveling and entertainment, while the
salary has not been much improved.
Finally, life in the city is more dangerous than in the countryside because of night clubs,
discotheques, casinos… City people are easily attracted by social evils such as drinking, drug
or gambling, etc. So, there are more crimes because some people don’t want to work but only
want money to play.
In short, living in the city has many disadvantages so people have to struggle a lot to survive.
Topic 6: Talk about your weekend activities.
Weekend time is my favorite time in the week because I can enjoy myself and do many relaxing
activities I like.
In the morning, after a relaxing breakfast, I often call some of my friends to ask them to go
shopping with me. We spend the whole morning going shopping and then have lunch in a
restaurant in the center of Hanoi.
Then, I come back home for a nap. In the afternoon, I often go swimming with my neighbor if
the weather is hot. In winter I go jogging in the central park instead. I usually have dinner with
my family during weekend, so we can talk with each other and share our stories. After dinner,
I sometime listen to music or surf the net to chat with friends or check emails. I usually do not
go to bed late because I will have lots of work on Monday.
In short, living in the city has many disadvantages so people have to struggle a lot to survive.
Topic 7: Talk about on of your hobbies.
People may have different hobbies such as listening to music, watching T.V, dancing. playing
games or collecting things. My hobby is to read books.
I enjoy reading many types of books, but my favorite is detective. I like reading stories about
Sherlock Holmes of author Conan Doyle. I often read books in the evening after I finish
preparing things for the next day’s work.
When I have free time, I often go to bookstores to look for new books. Once a week, I go to
the city library to read there. I sometimes read books on line if I cannot get hard copies of the
books I want.
Books help me relax a lot after days of hard work. Thanks to books, I can broaden my
knowledge and learn new things.
Topic 8: The most interesting place you have been to.
I have been to many places in Vietnam, but the most interesting place that I always remember is
Da Nang, the beautiful coastal city in Vietnam. It’s wonderful to me because of these reasons:
First, the scenery in Da Nang is ideal for us to go sunbathing. We can swim in the blue and
clear sea water or do sunbathing on the soft sand beach under the yellow and warm sunshine.
The air is so fresh and pure.
Second, the local sea food are fresh, delicious but not expensive. For example, tourists can
enjoy different kinds of seafood such as crab, prawn, lobster, seashell, etc. Also, the people
there are friendly, sociable and polite.
Third, there are many interesting activities to do beside playing football, tennis on the beach,
building sandcastles on the beach or watching the sunrise. For example, we can sail on a board
trip to the Cu Lao Cham and watch the mountain scenery on the way. Also, we may visit Ba
For these reasons, Da Nang has always been one of my favorite tourist attractions.
Topic 9: The importance of learning foreign languages.
Nowadays, it is very important to learn a foreign language because of these reasons:
First, learning a foreign language, English for example, helps us learn and get information
about new things in the world. There are a lot of books written in English, French, Chinese,
Second, it help us feel confident when we travel abroad. We can talk very easily with people in
other countries and learn a lot from them. We can use the language to work and do business
without an interpreter.
Finally, though a foreign language we learn we can learn more about the people of that
country, we know a lot about their culture and society and customs and traditions. We can
become friends of many people so our life is more interesting.
In short, when we know a foreign language we can open a new to our world. Because of the
benefits of learning foreign languages, one should know at least one foreign language.
Topic 10: Ways to have a good health.
If you want to have good health, you should follow these pieces of advice:
First, you should eat healthy food: lots of fruits, vegetable, fish and drink enough water
everyday to stay healthy. The Japanese eat a lot of fish so they live very long. You should eat
less meat and fat food because they may cause heart diseases and increase the cholesterol level
in your blood. Fruits and vegetables no only bring you lots of vitamins and minerals but also
help you have a better immune system.
Second, you should exercise everyday by choosing a suitable sport such as jogging, tennis,
swimming, yoga, etc. They not only make you strong but help you relax as well. So, it helps
you keep fit and stay healthy. If you don’t have much time, you just need to do morning
Finally, you need to have regular health check – up. If you have some problems with your
health, you should go to the doctor immediately before it gets more serious. You should visit
the doctor regularly in order to find out any diseases you may have, so that you have a better
chance to get rid of it.
In short, if you take this advice, you will have a good health.
Topic 11: Talk about your favorite television program.
Among many programs and channels available on TV these days such as the current news
programs, sport programs, entertaining programs, educational programs and movie programs, etc, I
like the program “the World of Animals” most.
This program is usually shown on VTV2 everyday at 8.30 in the evening. It often lasts about 45
minutes. In this program, stories of the life of many animals in the world are told in a very lively
way. For example, people can watch films about monkeys, snakes, tigers, insects, birds, sea turtles,
sharks etc and even the penguins and the polar bears in the far North. While watching these films, I
find the everyday life activities and habits of these animals very interesting and full mysteries. In
addition, I also learn that it is very important to protect these animals and their living environments
because they are part of our valuable natural world. Watching this program makes me very well
informed and relaxed after a day of work.
Topic 12: Talk about your favorite sport.
These days, people are practicing many types of sport such as swimming, running, cycling,
aerobics, tennis, table tennis, badminton, golf and football, etc. My favorite sport is jogging.
Jogging is a simple sport to practice because you don’t need any special or expensive equipment
like other sports. In fact you just need a good pair of trainers for your self . The most suitable place
for jogging is a park or somewhere around a lake near your house. You can also jog on a field or in
the forest if you are living in the countryside. For me, I jog for about an hour in the afternoon
everyday after work. I usually go jogging alone, but if possible you can ask my family members,
friends or neighbors to go with me. While we jog, we often talk and share with each other about
everyday life stories, so we feel that we can reduce our stress. After going jogging each day, I feel
that I am more relaxed and fit again after a long day of work.
Topic 13: Talk about one of your close friends.
I have had many friends so far, but Thanh Nga is one of my close friends. Nga is about 30 years
old and is now working a researcher at an institute in Hanoi. We met each other when we were in
the secondary school. During those days, we went to school together everyday, studied in the same
class and shared with each other all the joys and sorrow, so we have become close friends since
My friend Nga is not very tall, but pretty with long black hair and a nice smile. She is a very
sincere, modest and helpful person. She likes painting and painted many pictures. Also, I can still
remember that Nga was very good at literature and foreign languages.
We often meet each other when we have time. When we are very busy, we often talk to each other
on the phone or we chat on the Internet. Whenever we meet, we often go to see other friends, go
shopping or sit in a quite place to have coffee. We talk about our life and share with each other our
good news or problems and see if we can help each other. Nga is really a good friend of mine, a
friend for life.
Topic 14: Talk about your house/flat.
I live in a house in Hanoi. The house is in a small and quiet street in Cau Giay district of Hanoi. It
takes about half an hour to go to the city center. The house was built 5 years ago. It isn’t a big
house and has two floors.
In my house there are 4 main rooms: a living room, a dining rooms, two bedrooms. Besides, we
have a kitchen, a bathroom and a toilet.
We have a little but pretty garden; my family often spend our free time there to grow plant and
vegetables. Next to the garden there is a small yard where my children often play after school.
In my house, I like the living room is my favorite one. This room was painted light green, so we
feel very pleasant. In this room, there is a tea table, a sofa and a television. On the wall there is a
couple of oil paintings. After dinner, our family often spend time together talking to each other or
watching a favorite TV program. We often receive our guests in this room. I love my house.
Everyday when I come back home from work, I have a warm feeling of being together with my
Topic 15: Talk about your job.
I am now working as a senior engineer in a company in Hanoi. My company name is ABC
Company. I have had this job for more than 10 years. In my job, I am in charge of managing our
department’s activities such as research development, technical supervision and maintenance, etc.
Besides, we also need to corporate our work with other departments in the company in order to run
the company’s business smoothly.
To do this job besides my university degree, I have had many training classes in project
management, product development, marketing, etc…
In addition, the skills required for this job are communication, time management, teamwork and
presentation skills, etc…
I really like my job because I am able to apply the knowledge and skills of the filed I studied in my
work. In addition, I have a flexible working time, so I can make full use of the time in the office
and have time for research. Also, I am lucky to work with a very active and supportive staff. One
thing I don’t like about this job is that I often have to travel, so I sometimes don’t have time for my
family. I am planning to further my study to get a doctor degree.
Trên đây là 15 topic tiếng Anh dành cho các bạn luyện thi nói tiếng Anh B1. Hy vọng bài viết này
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84 cấu trúc tiếng anh cho các bạn luyện thi chứng chỉ Tiếng Anh B1
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VnDoc. com gửi đến bạn 84 cấu trúc tiếng Anh thường gặp trong bài thi chứng chỉ B1. Các bạn
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Hãy luyện 84 cấu trúc tiếng anh ở bên dưới nhé
1. S + V + too + adj/adv + (for someone) + to do something:? (quá. . . . để cho ai làm gì. . . )
e. g. This structure is too easy for you to remember.
e. g. He ran too fast for me to follow.
2. S + V + so + adj/ adv + that + S + V:? (quá. . . đến nỗi mà. . . )
e. g. This box is so heavy that I cannot take it.
e. g. He speaks so soft that we can’t hear anything.
3. It + V + such + (a/an) + N(s) + that + S + V:? (quá. . . đến nỗi mà. . . )
e. g. It is such a heavy box that I cannot take it.
e. g. It is such interesting books that I cannot ignore them at all.
4. S + V + adj/ adv + enough + (for someone) + to do something :? (Đủ. . . cho ai đó làm gì. . .
e. g. She is old enough to get married.
e. g. They are intelligent enough for me to teach them English.
5. Have/ get + something + done (past participle) :? (nhờ ai hoặc thuê ai làm gì. . . )
e. g. I had my hair cut yesterday.
e. g. I’d like to have my shoes repaired.
6. It + be + time + S + V (-ed, cột 2) / It’s +time +for someone +to do something :? (đã đến lúc
ai đó phải làm gì. . . )
e. g. It is time you had a shower. e. g. It’s time for me to ask all of you for this question.
7. It + takes/took+ someone + amount of time + to do something:? (làm gì. . . mất bao nhiêu
thời gian. . . )
e. g. It takes me 5 minutes to get to school.
e. g. It took him 10 minutes to do this exercise yesterday.
8. To prevent/stop + someone/something + From + V-ing:? (ngăn cản ai/ cái gì. . . làm gì. . )
e. g. He prevented us from parking our car here.
9. S + find+ it+ adj to do something:? (thấy . . . để làm gì. . . )
e. g. I find it very difficult to learn about English.
e. g. They found it easy to overcome that problem.
10. To prefer + Noun/ V-ing + to + N/ V-ing. (Thích cái gì/ làm gì hơn cái gì/ làm gì)
e. g. I prefer dog to cat.
e. g. I prefer reading books to watching TV.
11. Would rather ('d rather) + V (infinitive) + than + V (infinitive:? (thích làm gì hơn làm gì)
e. g. She would play games than read books.
e. g. I’d rather learn English than learn Biology.
12. To be/get Used to + V-ing:? (quen làm gì) e. g. I am used to eating with chopsticks.
13. Used to + V (infinitive) :? (Thường làm gì trong quá khứ và bây giờ không làm nữa) e. g. I
used to go fishing with my friend when I was young. e. g. She used to smoke 10 cigarettes a day.
14. To be amazed at = to be surprised at + N/V-ing:? ngạc nhiên về. . . . e. g. I was amazed at
his big beautiful villa.
15. To be angry at + N/V-ing:? tức giận về e. g. Her mother was very angry at her bad marks.
16. to be good at/ bad at + N/ V-ing:? giỏi về. . . / kém về. . . e. g. I am good at swimming. e. g.
He is very bad at English.
17. by chance = by accident (adv) :? tình cờe. g. I met her in Paris by chance last week.
18. to be/get tired of + N/V-ing:? mệt mỏi về. . . e. g. My mother was tired of doing too much
19. can’t stand/ help/ bear/ resist + V-ing:? Không chịu nỗi/không nhịn được làm gì. . . e. g.
She can't stand laughing at her little dog.
20. to be keen on/ to be fond of + N/V-ing :? thích làm gì đó. . . e. g. My younger sister is fond
of playing with her dolls.
21. to be interested in + N/V-ing:? quan tâm đến. . . e. g. Mrs Brown is interested in going
shopping on Sundays.
22. to waste + time/ money + V-ing:? tốn tiền hoặc thời gian làm gìe. g. He always wastes time
playing computer games each day. e. g. Sometimes, I waste a lot of money buying clothes.
23. To spend + amount of time/ money + V-ing:? dành bao nhiêu thời gian làm gì. . e. g. I spend
2 hours reading books a day. e. g. Mr Jim spent a lot of money traveling around the world last
24. To spend + amount of time/ money + on + something:? dành thời gian vào việc gì. . . e. g.
My mother often spends 2 hours on housework everyday. e. g. She spent all of her money on
25. to give up + V-ing/ N:? từ bỏ làm gì/ cái gì. . . e. g. You should give up smoking as soon as
26. would like/ want/wish + to do something:? thích làm gì. . . e. g. I would like to go to the
cinema with you tonight.
27. have + (something) to + Verb:? có cái gì đó để làme. g. I have many things to do this week.
28. It + be + something/ someone + that/ who:? chính. . . mà. . . e. g. It is Tom who got the best
marks in my class. e. g. It is the villa that he had to spend a lot of money last year.
29. Had better + V(infinitive) :? nên làm gì. . . . e. g. You had better go to see the doctor. 30.
hate/ like/ dislike/ enjoy/ avoid/ finish/ mind/ postpone/ practise/ consider/ delay/ deny/ suggest/
risk/ keep/ imagine/ fancy + V-ing e. g. I always practise speaking English everyday.
31. It is + tính từ + (for smb) + to do smtVD:? It is difficult for old people to learn English.
(Người có tuổi học tiếng Anh thì khó)
32. To be interested in + N / V_ing (Thích cái gì / làm cái gì) VD:? We are interested in reading
books on history. (Chúng tôi thích đọc sách về lịch sử)
33. To be bored with (Chán làm cái gì) VD:? We are bored with doing the same things
everyday. (Chúng tôi chán ngày nào cũng làm những công việc lặp đi lặp lại) - học tiếng anh giao
34. It’s the first time smb have (has) + PII smt (Đây là lần đầu tiên ai làm cái gì) VD:? It’s
the first time we have visited this place. (Đây là lần đầu tiên chúng tôi tới thăm nơi này)
35. enough + danh từ (đủ cái gì) + (to do smt) VD:? I don’t have enough time to study. (Tôi
không có đủ thời gian để học)
36. Tính từ + enough (đủ làm sao) + (to do smt) VD:? I’m not rich enough to buy a car. (Tôi
không đủ giàu để mua ôtô)
37. too + tính từ + to do smt (Quá làm sao để làm cái gì) VD:? I’m to young to get married.
(Tôi còn quá trẻ để kết hôn)
38. To want smb to do smt = To want to have smt + PII(Muốn ai làm gì) (Muốn có cái gì
được làm) VD:? She wants someone to make her a dress. (Cô ấy muốn ai đó may cho cô ấy một
chiếc váy frown emoticon She wants to have a dress made. (Cô ấy muốn có một chiếc váy được
39. It’s time smb did smt (Đã đến lúc ai phải làm gì) VD:? It’s time we went home. (Đã đến lúc
tôi phải về nhà
40. It’s not necessary for smb to do smt = Smb don’t need to do smt(Ai không cần thiết phải
làm gì) doesn’t have to do smtVD:? It is not necessary for you to do this exercise. (Bạn không
cần phải làm bài tập này)
41. To look forward to V_ing (Mong chờ, mong đợi làm gì) VD:? We are looking forward to
going on holiday. (Chúng tôi đang mong được đi nghỉ)
42. To provide smb with st (Cung cấp cho ai cái gì) VD:? Can you provide us with some books
in history?(Bạn có thể cung cấp cho chúng tôi một số sách về lịch sử không?)
43. To prevent smb from V_ing (Cản trở ai làm gì) To stopVD:? The rain stopped us from
going for a walk. (Cơn mưa đã ngăn cản chúng tôi đi dạo)
44. To fail to do smt (Không làm được cái gì / Thất bại trong việc làm cái gì) VD:? We failed
to do this exercise. (Chúng tôi không thể làm bài tập này)
45. To be succeed in V_ing (Thành công trong việc làm cái gì) VD:? We were succeed in
passing the exam. (Chúng tôi đã thi đỗ)
46. To borrow smt from smb (Mượn cái gì của ai) VD:? She borrowed this book from the
liblary. (Cô ấy đã mượn cuốn sách này ở thư viện)
47. To lend smb smt (Cho ai mượn cái gì) VD:? Can you lend me some money?(Bạn có thể cho
tôi vay ít tiền không?)
48. To make smb do smt (Bắt ai làm gì) VD:? The teacher made us do a lot of homework. (Giáo
viên bắt chúng tôi làm rất nhiều bài tập ở nhà) 49. CN + be + so + tính từ + that + S + động từ.
(Đến mức mà) CN + động từ + so + trạng từ 1. The exercise is so difficult that noone can do it.
(Bài tập khó đến mức không ai làm được) 2. He spoke so quickly that I couldn’t understand him.
(Anh ta nói nhanh đến mức mà tôi không thể hiểu được anh ta)
50. CN + be + such + (tính từ) + danh từ + that + CN + động từ. VD:? It is such a difficult
exercise that noone can do it. (Đó là một bài tập quá khó đến nỗi không ai có thể làm được)
51. It is (very) kind of smb to do smt (Ai thật tốt bụng / tử tế khi làm gì) VD:? It is very kind
of you to help me. (Bạn thật tốt vì đã giúp tôi)
52. To find it + tính từ + to do smtVD:? We find it difficult to learn English. (Chúng tôi thấy
học tiếng Anh khó)
53. To make sure of smt (Bảo đảm điều gì) that + CN + động từVD:? 1. I have to make sure of
that information. (Tôi phải bảo đảm chắc chắn về thông tin đó) 2. You have to make sure that
you’ll pass the exam. (Bạn phải bảo đảm là bạn sẽ thi đỗ)
54. It takes (smb) + thời gian + to do smt (Mất (của ai) bao nhiêu thời gian để làm gì) VD:?
It took me an hour to do this exercise. (Tôi mất một tiếng để làm bài này)
55. To spend + time / money + on smt (Dành thời gian / tiền bạc vào cái gìdoing smt làm gì)
VD:? We spend a lot of time on TV. watching TV. (Chúng tôi dành nhiều thời gian xem TV)
56. To have no idea of smt = don’t know about smt (Không biết về cái gì) VD:? I have no idea
of this word = I don’t know this word. (TÔI không biết từ này)
57. To advise smb to do smt (Khuyên ai làm gìnot to do smt không làm gì) VD:? Our teacher
advises us to study hard. (Cô giáo khuyên chúng tôi học chăm chỉ)
58. To plan to do smt (Dự định / có kế hoạch làm gì) intendVD:? We planed to go for a picnic.
intended(Chúng tôi dự định đi dã ngoại)
59. To invite smb to do smt (Mời ai làm gì) VD:? They invited me to go to the cinema. (Họ mời
tôi đi xem phim)
60. To offer smb smt (Mời / đề nghị ai cái gì) VD:? He offered me a job in his company. (Anh ta
mời tôi làm việc cho công ty anh ta)
61. To rely on smb (tin cậy, dựa dẫm vào ai) VD:? You can rely on him. (Bạn có thể tin anh ấy)
62. To keep promise (Gĩư lời hứa) VD:? He always keeps promises.
63. To be able to do smt = To be capable of + V_ing (Có khả năng làm gì) VD:? I’m able to
speak English = I am capable of speaking English. (Tôi có thể nói tiếng Anh)
64. To be good at (+ V_ing) smt (Giỏi (làm) cái gì) VD:? I’m good at (playing) tennis. (Tôi
chơi quần vợt giỏi)
65. To prefer smt to smt (Thích cái gì hơn cái gì) doing smt to doing smt làm gì hơn làm
gìVD:? We prefer spending money than earning money. (Chúng tôi thích tiêu tiền hơn kiếm tiền)
66. To apologize for doing smt (Xin lỗi ai vì đã làm gì) VD:? I want to apologize for being rude
to you. (Tôi muốn xin lỗi vì đã bất lịch sự với bạn)
67. Had (‘d) better do smt (Nên làm gì) not do smt (Không nên làm gì) VD:? 1. You’d better
learn hard. (Bạn nên học chăm chỉ) 2. You’d better not go out. (Bạn không nên đi ra ngoài)
68. Would (‘d) rather do smt Thà làm gìnot do smt đừng làm gìVD:? I’d rather stay at home.
I’d rather not say at home.
69. Would (‘d) rather smb did smt (Muốn ai làm gì) VD:? I’d rather you (he / she) stayed at
home today. (Tôi muốn bạn / anh ấy / cô ấy ở nhà tối nay)
70. To suggest smb (should) do smt (Gợi ý ai làm gì) VD:? I suggested she (should) buy this
71. To suggest doing smt (Gợi ý làm gì) VD:? I suggested going for a walk.
72. Try to do (Cố làm gì) VD:? We tried to learn hard. (Chúng tôi đã cố học chăm chỉ)
73. Try doing smt (Thử làm gì) VD:? We tried cooking this food. (Chúng tôi đã thử nấu món ăn
74. To need to do smt (Cần làm gì) VD:? You need to work harder. (Bạn cần làm việc tích cực
75. To need doing (Cần được làm) VD:? This car needs repairing. (Chiếc ôtô này cần được sửa)
76. To remember doing (Nhớ đã làm gì) VD:? I remember seeing this film. (Tôi nhớ là đã xem
bộ phim này)
To remember to do (Nhớ làm gì) (chưa làm cái này) VD:? Remember to do your
homework. (Hãy nhớ làm bài tập về nhà)
78. To have smt + PII (Có cái gì được làm) VD: I’m going to have my house repainted. (Tôi
sẽ sơn lại nhà người khác sơn, không phải mình sơn lấy frown emoticonTo have smb do smt
(Thuê ai làm gì) VD:? I’m going to have the garage repair my car. = I’m going to have my car
79. To be busy doing smt (Bận rộn làm gì) VD:? We are busy preparing for our exam. (Chúng
tôi đang bận rộn chuẩn bị cho kỳ thi)
80. To mind doing smt (Phiền làm gì) VD:? Do / Would you mind closing the door for me?(Bạn
có thể đóng cửa giúp tôi không?)
81. To be used to doing smt (Quen với việc làm gì) VD:? We are used to getting up early.
(Chúng tôi đã quen dậy sớm)
82. To stop to do smt (Dừng lại để làm gì) VD:? We stopped to buy some petrol. (Chúng tôi đã
dừng lại để mua xăng)
83. To stop doing smt (Thôi không làm gì nữa) VD:? We stopped going out late. (Chúng tôi thôi
không đi chơi khuya nữa)
84. Let smb do smt (Để ai làm gì) VD:? Let him come in. (Để anh ta vào)
Các topic và bài viết thư mẫu tiếng Anh B1 châu Âu
Trong bài viết xin gửi bạn 16 topic và bài viết thư mẫu tiếng Anh B1 châu Âu dành cho các
bạn tham khảo và ôn tập. Những topic VnDoc gửi tới bạn dưới đây đều là các chủ đề vô cùng
gần gũi và sát với đề thi B1. Với nội dung đầy đủ, bài viết sắc bén, hy vọng những bài viết
này sẽ có ích cho bạn. Mời các bạn tham khảo.
Topic 1: I’ve just seen a brilliant program about dolphins on television. Which program have
you enjoyed recently? How much television do you watch?
I’m very happy when I received your letter. I know you’ve just seen a brilliant program about
dolphins on television. I’m writing this letter to tell you about program I have enjoyed recently.
Among many programs and channels available on TV these days such as the current news
programs, sport programs, entertaining programs, educational programs and movie programs, etc.,
I like the program “the World of Animals” most. This program is usually shown on DISCOVERY
CHANNEL every day at 9 o’clock in the evening on CHANNEL 40 if you have payment
television provided by VTV Cab. It’s also available on satellite digital television like K+. It often
lasts about 45 minutes. In this program, stories of the life of many animals in the world are told in
a very lively way. For example, people can watch films about monkeys, snakes, tigers, insects,
birds, sea turtles, sharks,the world under water and even the penguins and the polar bears in the far
North & Sound Poles, etc. It’s really interesting and fascinating. I absolutely admire the
filmmakers, cameramen and their co -workers about what they did to bring us lively , dangerous
and spectacular scenes of wildlife. Sometimes, I have to utter: “Oh My God”, “How could they
film that?, “It’s unbelievable when they filmed a hungry big white shark chasing prey or a King
cobra snake – the world's longest venomous snake opening his mount to bit and spray venom to
cameraman. That’s truly dangerous situation. I think Vietnamese filmmakers can’t ever do the
same thing as they do. While watching these films, I find the everyday life activities and habits of
these animals very interesting and full mysteries. In addition, I also learn that it is very important
to protect these animals and their living environments because they are part of our valuable natural
world. Watching this program makes me very well informed and relaxed after a day of work. I
don’t spend much time watching TV every day . I just want to watch Discovery Channel and News
to get information about life, economic, politics, etc. Another time I spend surfing web, reading
books or going out with my friends. It’s much better than spend a lot of time watching TV.
That’s all for now. I hope to see you soon.
Topic 2: My daily life is busy and has a lot of fun. What about you? Please describe your
weekday. How do you deal with your work during the day? What are your hobbies after
working? Do you enjoy your life?
I’m very happy when I received your letter. I’m writing this letter to tell you about my daily life. It
seems my life is always very full of activities and obligations so I never have much time for
myself. During the week I’m very busy. On weekdays, I usually have to get up at half past six even
though I would really prefer to sleep much later. After I get up I perform my morning routine of
washing my face, brushing my teeth, etc. I usually have breakfast at quarter to seven in the
morning. After getting dressed, I drive to my office and my workday starts at eight o'clock with
plenty of work to deal with. Sometimes, it causes my stress but I love my job as a civil engineer. I
have lunch at 12 o’clock, after that I take a nap in a hour to refresh my mind. I continue working
until 5pm. I get home at 6 o’clock and playing football is my favorite sport after work. It helps me
healthy and keep fit. I have dinner with my parent at 8 o’clock . I like watching TV or reading
book after dinner. If I go out to meet my friends or have dinner, etc, I will come home by 11 p.m
because my parent don’t allow me to come home late. Checking mail or comments on my
Facebook is the last thing I do before going to bed. I love my life and really enjoy it!
That’s all for now. I Hope to see you soon.
Topic 3: I’ve just joined a film club. I’ve already seen some fantastic films. What kind of
films do you like watching?
I’m very happy when I received your letter. I know you have just joined a film club! That’s great.
I’m writing this letter to tell you about my favorite kind of film I like watching.
I’m very interested in Comedy films. As you know, There are many forms of expression inside of
everybody; however the most common form is laughter. The sound of laughter can be heard all
around the worlds every second, it helps us relieve stress and makes us feel better about ourselves.
Comedy films play such an important role in helping us laugh. There are many forms of films out
there today. In spite of the recent incline in action and horror films today, comedy films has always
been my number one choice because it gives people an opportunity to look at humor in life, it
usually has a pointless, useless moral that we can relate to, and it allows you to look at things in a
new light and possibly expand your horizon to become a more optimistic person. All comedies
always have one essential ingredient to make it a great comedy, humor. All comedies give people
an opportunity to look at humor in life and laugh at it. Comedies usually show a hilarious scene for
people to enjoy and laugh at. Many scenes which has a outburst of crazy and ridiculous moments
will not usually happen in our daily life, but its fun to enjoy . I often watch comedies when I get
upset, have stress because, laughing help me relax và bring balance back to me. My favorite actors
and actress are Xuan Hinh, Hoai Linh, Cam Van, Van Dung, etc. I can’t help laughing when I
watch their comedies or hilarious sitcoms . It’s really fun and very helpful to relieve stress. That’s
the reason why I love watching comedy films.
That’s all for now. I hope to see you soon.
Topic 4: You went to a party last weekend, didn’t you? Did you have a good time there? Tell
me about that party?
I’m very happy when I received your letter. I’m writing this letter to tell you about the party I went
last week. That was my best friend birthday party.
Huong is my close friend. She turned 25 recently and her parents held a birthday party for her. I
was one of those invited. The party began at about three in the afternoon. There were about twenty
guests gathered in her house. We were all dressed in our best clothes. Everyone, especially Huong
was very happy. We gave our presents to her and she happily opened them. It must really be
exciting to receive all those presents. After that her mother served us soft drinks and delicious
titbits. We then played some games like “Musical Chairs” and “Treasure Hunt”. The winners were
given prizes. At about four-thirty her father brought out the birthday cake. It was beautifully
decorated with pink and white ice cream. 25 colorful candles sat in the middle of the cake. We all
sang “Happy Birthday” to Huong after which she blew out the candles and cut the cake. Everyone
clapped out hands eagerly. We helped ourselves to slices of the delicious cake. Then we continued
Finally at about six in the evening the party came to an end. We were all tired but happy. I helped
Huong and her parent clean up the mess we made. After that I walked home with a very good
That’s all for now. Hope to see you soon.
Topic 5: In your last letter, you said you had moved to a new house in the city, what does it
look like? What kind of furniture have you got? Tell me about it.
I’m very glad when I received your letter. I’m writing to you now to tell about my new house in
Hanoi city. My house is on a small and quiet street in Hai Ba Trung District and the neighborhood
is really nice. It takes about half an hour to go to the city center and 40 minutes to drive to my
office. There are some shopping centers, supermarkets near my house that’s the reasons why we
bought this house. It isn’t a big house was built 5 years ago and painted in yellow. There is also a
small garden where I can grow vegetables and flowers. Next to the garden there is a small yard
where my children often play after school.There are 3 floors and four main rooms in my house: a
living room, a dining rooms, two bedrooms. Besides, we have a kitchen, a bathroom and a toilet. I
like the living room was painted in light green. In this room, we have a tea table, a sofa, a
television and there are a couple of oil paintings on the wall. After dinner, our family often spend
time together talking to each other or watching our favorite TV program. I love my house. Every
day, when I come back home from work, I have a warm feeling of being together with my whole
family. Last week, I decided to buy a new shelf and a sofa at a furniture shop. They were delivered
to my house yesterday. I put the shelf next to the table on the left. The bright color of the shelf goes
well with the color of the wall behind it. I put the sofa in the right corner of the bed to sit on when
I want to watch TV or
read books. Although it is quite far from my house to office, I still like it
because it’s very quiet and comfortable. I really like my new house!
Well, that’s all for now. Hope to see you soon.
Topic 6: I’m glad you like your job. In your next letter, tell me about it.
I’m very glad when I received your letter. I’m writing to you to tell you about my job.
I am now working as a senior engineer for a foreign company in Hanoi. My company name is
POSCO E&C. It’s a very famous Korean company operating in construction field . I have had this
job for more than 2years. I have to work from Monday to Saturday. I often drive to office at 7
o’clock to start my daily work at 8 o’clock until 5 p.m. In my job, I am in charge of designing,
estimating, setting up schedule, supervision on the site sometimes. Besides, I also need to
coordinate my work with other departments in our company in order to run the company’s business
smoothly. To do this job besides my university degree, I have to do some training courses in
construction project management, site supervision, designing etc. In addition, the other skills
required for this job are communication, time management, teamwork and presentation skills,
etc…I really like my job because I am able to apply the knowledge and skills of the field I studied
in my work. In addition, I have a flexible working time, so I can make full use of the time in the
office and have time for research. Also, I am lucky to work with a very active and supportive staff.
One thing I don’t like about this job is that I often have to travel, so I sometimes don’t have time
for my family. I am planning to further my study to get a doctor degree.
That’s all for now. Hope to see you soon.
Topic 7: I’m glad you like learning English. Your teacher sounds really nice – and your friend
do too. Tell me about your English classes.
I am so happy to hear from you. As you know, I have attended to an English class lately. I am very
interested in learning English because it is very useful for my job. My teacher is Mrs. Yen who is
very considerate and enthusiastic. She is 40 years old. She have a good knowledge of English and
she shares her experience freely. She knows how to make the lesson interesting and has a good
method of teaching English.
There are 30 student in my class with many different ages. In spite of our age distance, we still
have ability to work harmoniously together. We usually play games about previous lessons, so we
have many chances to talk with each other in English, of course.
I love my teacher and all the students in my English class. Sadly, we will not study together for
That’s all for now. I hope to see you soon.
Topic 8: I’ve always wanted to know more about your favorite sport. Tell me about it. Why
do you like it.
I’m so glad to receive your letter.
My favorite sport is football- the most popular sport in the world, is well known as “King” sport.
In America, people call it Soccer, but I like to call it Football. I idolize Barcelona football club and
Messi is my favorite football player. I’ve never missed any matches of them although it’s always
live at midnight. I began to play football when I was 6 years old. So far, I have been playing
football with my friends on the wide yard near my house in free time , after school or after work
every day. It clearly that playing football make me fit, healthy, avoid some diseases. In addition,
like the other sports, football help me make new friends when I take part in some football team. I
meet many young and elderly people playing football with me. They not only help me in every
match but also share me everything in daily life and so on. Especially, football make me enjoy my
life after stressful working hours. Therefore, I like football the most due to several reasons above.
That’s all for now. Hope to see you soon.
Topic 9: I guess there are many traditional festival in your country. What is the most
important one? Why do people celebrate this festival?
I’ve just received your email in which you asked me to tell you about the most important
traditional festival in my country. There are a number of festivals in VN but the most important
one is certainly TET. It is the time when family members come home from all parts of the country
to have family reunion. It is often a one – week holiday. Before Tet, people often redecorate their
houses by repainting walls, buying beautiful flowers, bonsai, food, drinks, cakes, candies, etc.
During Tet, people visit their relatives, teachers, friends. People wish each other good luck, good
health and good success. Tet is time for each person come back home, meet again friends, relatives
and has some great parties after a busy year. They also go to temples, pagodas to pray the best
luck for their families. Children are so happy because they are given new clothes and they receive
lucky money in red envelops from adults. What about the most important holiday in your country?
That’s all for now.Hope to hear from you soon.
Topic 10: In your next letter, could you give me some advice? Tell me how to keep fit and
I’m very happy when I received your letter. If you want to have good health, you should follow
these pieces of advice:
First, you should eat healthy food: lots of fruits, vegetable, fish and drink enough water every day
to stay healthy. The Japanese eat a lot of fish so they live very long. You should eat less meat and
fat food because they may cause heart diseases and increase the cholesterol level in your blood.
Fruits and vegetable s no only bring you lots of vitamins and minerals but also help you have a
better immune system.
Second, you should exercise everyday by choosing a suitable sport such as jogging, tennis,
swimming, yoga, etc. They not only make you strong but help you relax as well. So, it helps you
keep fit and stay healthy. If you don’t have much time, you just need to do morning exercises
Finally, you need to have regular health check – up. If you have some problems with your health,
you should go to the doctor immediately before it gets more serious. You should visit the doctor
regularly in order to find out any diseases you may have, so that you have a better chance to get rid
In short, if you take this advice, you will have a good health. That’s all for now.
Hope to see you soon!
Topic 11: Building
Bitexco Financial Tower is a skyscraper in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, owned by Bitexco Group,
a Vietnamese company. With 68 floors above ground and three basements, the building has a
height of 262.5 metres. It’s the second tallest Building in Vietnam after Hanoi Landmark Tower
located in Pham Hung Street Hanoi City! Designed by New York Architect Carlos Zapata. His
Design inspiration came from Lotus the national flower of Vietnam. So, the building look like a
giant lotus stands brightly in the business center of Ho Chi Minh City. The unique point of this
building is a heli-pad on the 52 storey. He heli-pad extends 22 meters out from the main structure.
It is strong enough to carry a helicopter under 3 tons of weight. These day it becomes a symbol of
prosperous and development of modern City Ho Chi Minh.
The building features a 5-star hotel, offices, entertainment areas, retail spaces, clinics and
Topic 12: Spring
Vietnam is in tropical climate and has 4 seasons: Spring, Summer, Autumn and Winter. Autumn
may be loved by many people because the weather is nice: cool and not strong sunshine. But
Spring is the most meaningful and special, because it is not only beautiful, but also waiting by all
of Vietnamese people. It is season of reunion, season of the coming back to hometown of all
daughters and sons even when they are no longer young.
Spring normally start from Jan or Feb of the calendar year, and last for 3 months. The weather is
often a bit cold with small rain. That’s why in Spring all the tree sprout with the new leaves and
many kind of flowers bloom.
In Vietnam, when Spring comes, also the Tet holiday. It is the biggest festival in Vietnam, with at
least four public holidays (will becomes five from 2013) but normally, the holiday often last for at
least 1 week. It start when the Lunar year start. It is the first day of Lunar new year. Everybody
stop working, comeback to their hometown, and enjoy the time with their family. The whole
holiday is only for enjoying, no working. It is the time for family, friends, and neighborhood.
Everybody wear the most beautiful clothes, visit each other and say the best wishes. They also
give each other the lucky money put in the red pocket. Spring in Vietnam really is the season of
gather and reunion.
Topic 13: Facebook
It seems everyone loves Facebook. Everywhere you go, you can see people logged in, updating
their status. Whether they are at home, work or in the passenger seat of a vehicle on their way to
school, people of all ages are signing in to the most popular social network, Facebook. One reason,
Facebook is so popular is that there is a huge amount of Facebook members. Sharing pictures,
videos,and interests are some of the features many people enjoy on Facebook. Being able to
connect with friends and family anytime, from anywhere is another. Making connections with
friends from the past is something else that Facebook makes possible. Facebook has tons of
applications and games available on the site also. Playing games with Facebook friends is a great
way to spend leisure time. People that have a lot of time, for that sort of thing, really get into it. It
is, as if, they are in their own little virtual world. Playing a game alone, against the computer is
something no one has to do any more.
Topic 14: Class
There were 52 member in my high school class: 30 boys and 22 girls. 52 unique individuals made
up our interesting class. They were all very friendly, open - minded and treated each other kindly!
My close friend is Huong, She is very beautiful, sweet like a candy and very intelligent. She was
always on top in every exams. She was really good at Math , English and others but literature. i
absolutely admire her! The most respected person in our class was our monitor, Truong. He is
helpful, friendly and responsible. Without him, our class would be in chaos. Teachers were very
committed & dedicated. They were very patient in explaining problems to us and always makes
sure everyone understands. I am proud to belong to my class. I love them all!
Topic 15: The One Pillar Pagoda
The One Pillar Pagoda (Chùa Một Cột in Vietnamese) is a Buddhist temple in the Ho Chi Minh
Mausoleum complex near Ba Dinh Square in Hanoi. The Pagoda has a unique design that is meant
to evoke a lotus flower rising out of the water. On this flower sat the goddess of mercy, who was
seen by the Emperor Ly Thai Tong in a dream handing the latter a baby boy. Afterwards, the
Emperor married a peasant girl, who bore him a son. Overjoyed by his good fortune, the Emperor
ordered the construction of the One Pillar Pagoda.
Topic 16: Hanoi Opera House
Hanoi Opera House is an old theater with French architecture and typical Gothic and Mosaic
characters reflected on the door domes and the glassed room respectively. For a long time, the
Hanoi Opera House has been a rendezvous for those who love theatrical
traditional songs and music, symphonies, opera and classical opera. It is also a tourist attraction
for local and foreign visitors. The original architecture of the 3-storey theater has remained. The
Hanoi Opera House has also successfully organized many large-scale international concerts. The
Hanoi Opera House is a worthy artistic center and a cultural and architectural relic of the capital
Trên đây là 16 topic và các bài viết thư mẫu tiếng Anh B1 khung châu Âu thu thập và tổng hợp để
giới thiệu tới bạn với mong muốn giúp các bạn cải thiện kỹ năng viết của mình.
Hướng dẫn cách trả lời chủ đề thi Nói tiếng Anh B1
Kỹ năng Nói trong kỳ thi lấy chứng chỉ tiếng Anh B1 là một trong những kỹ năng mà thí sinh thi
B1 sợ nhất vì từ trước các bạn chỉ hay tập trung vào ngữ pháp và đọc xin giới thiệu đến các bạn
các chủ đề thi Nói tiếng Anh B1 được quy định trong thông tư của Bộ GD&ĐT áp dụng cho các
trường Đại học, Cao đẳng.
Danh sách các chủ đề Nói tiếng Anh B1 mà giáo viên chắc chắn sẽ hỏi bạn:
Nhà cửa, gia đình, môi trường
Cuộc sống hàng ngày
Vui chơi, giải trí, thời gian rỗi
Đi lại, du lịch;
Mối quan hệ với những người xung quanh;
Sức khỏe và chăm sóc thân thể;
10. Thực phẩm, đồ uống;
11. Các dịch vụ;
12. Các địa điểm, địa danh;
13. Ngôn ngữ;
14. Thời tiết.
Hướng dẫn cách trả lời chủ đề thi Nói tiếng Anh B1
1. Hãy nghe kỹ câu hỏi
Trước hết, bạn hãy nghe kỹ câu hỏi, đặc biệt là các từ khóa để hiểu kỹ giám khảo hỏi gì, giám khảo
đang hỏi về thông tin ở quá khứ, hiện tại hay tương lai.
2. Hãy luyện tập trước kỳ thi
Trước khi thi, hãy luyện tập từng phần thi để đảm bảo có kỹ năng nói phù hợp với mỗi phần thi.
3. Hãy nói tiếng Anh trước khi bắt đầu vào thi
Ngay sát giờ thi nói nên luyện tập nói tiếng Anh để quen với ngôn ngữ thay vì nói tiếng mẹ đẻ.
4. Phát triển câu trả lời một cách hợp lý
Luôn cố gắng mở rộng câu trả lời một cách hợp lý.
Question:” How many languages do you speak?”
Answer: “Two. Vietnamese and English.”
=> Câu trả lời quá ngắn và chưa phát triển được ý.
Có thể cải thiện câu trả lời này như sau:
Answer: “I speak two languages. My first language is Vietnamese and I speak English, too. I’ve
been learning English since I was 10. I started learning it when I was in primary school.”
Tuy nhiên, không phải lúc nào câu trả lời dài cũng là câu trả lời hay vì nhiều khi người nói không
kiểm soát được và nói lạc đề.
5. Hãy nhìn giám khảo khi nói
Một số người Việt Nam thường hay nhìn lên trần nhà hoặc nhìn xuống bàn thay vì nhìn người đối
thoại (giám khảo). Khi nói tiếng Anh, hãy nhìn người đối thoại để thể hiện bạn đang nói thật và
quan sát cử chỉ, thái độ của người mình đang giao tiếp.
6. Không học thuộc lòng câu trả lời
Thí sinh thường có khuynh hướng học thuộc lòng câu trả lời trước khi kiểm tra. Tuy nhiên, giám
khảo được đào tạo để nhận biết được việc bạn đang “trả bài”. Vì vậy, trong quá trình học, hãy liệt
kê các ý và luyện nói theo các ý đó, tránh liệt kê hàng loạt hoặc viết thành câu hoàn chỉnh.
7. Hãy hỏi giám khảo khi không hiểu câu hỏi
Đây là bài thi nói tiếng Anh, không phải bài thi nghe. Vì vậy, nếu không hiểu câu hỏi, hãy nhờ
giám khảo nhắc lại hoặc giải thích một cách lịch sự. Tránh trường hợp cố gắng trả lời lạc đề khi
không hiểu gì.
Could you repeat that, please? (Thầy cô có thể nhắc lại câu hỏi được không ạ)
Could you explain that, please? (Thầy cô có thể giải thích câu hỏi được không ạ)
Excuse me, what do you mean by “environmental problem”? (Xin lỗi thầy, cô, “environmental
problem”? có nghĩa là gì ạ?)
8. Tự tạo cho mình thời gian suy nghĩ trước khi trả lời
Ở phần 1 và phần 3 của bài nói, thí sinh phải trả lời câu hỏi luôn. Tuy nhiên, điều này không đồng
nghĩa với việc bạn phải nói ngay lập tức. Bạn cần thời gian để suy nghĩ và trả lời câu hỏi. Một số
cách tạo thời gian suy nghĩ như sau:
Cách 1: Đưa ra nhận xét về câu hỏi
Ví dụ: Why do people like travelling nowadays?
– It’s an interesting question. (Đây là một câu hỏi thật thú vị)
Cách 2: Nhắc lại câu hỏi
Ví dụ: What do you like doing in your free time?
– What I like doing in my free time?/ About my hobby, I love….
(Việc em thích làm trong thời gian rảnh rỗi?/ Về sở thích của em, em thích…)
Cách 3: Sử dụng một số từ nêu ý kiến hoặc từ khác để “câu giờ”.
What do you think about traffic in Hanoi?
In my opinion (Theo ý kiến của em)
Personally I think (Cá nhân em nghĩ rằng)
To tell the truth/ to be honest (Nói thật với thầy, cô)
Các từ khác:
Actually/ in fact
9. Hãy tự sửa lỗi sai ngay khi bạn nhận ra
Nếu phát hiện ra bạn vừa mắc lỗi sai nào đó, hãy tự sửa luôn. Điều này cho giám khảo thấy rắng
bạn có khả năng hiểu điều mình đang nói. Tuy nhiên, nếu không chắc phải sửa như thế nào, hãy
tiếp tục nói bởi lúc đầu có thể giám khảo không để ý lỗi đó, nhưng sau đó, nếu bạn sửa lỗi này
thành lỗi khác thì sẽ càng tồi tệ hơn.
10. Hãy thư giãn và tự tin khi nói
Hãy biến bài thi nói thành một bài hội thoại giữa hai người bạn. Điều này sẽ khiến bạn cảm thấy
thoải mái hơn khi giao tiếp. Tuy nhiên, đừng thoải mái quá (tránh hỏi lại giám khảo), hãy tận dụng
phần lớn thời gian để thể hiện mình vì mục đích cuối cùng là giám khảo muốn kiểm tra khả năng
nói của bạn. Cố gắng nói to để thể hiện sự tự tin khi nói.
ÔN THI B2
READING (1 hour)
You are going to read a magazine article about an artist who paints flowers. For questions
1-8, choose the answer (A, B, C or D) which you think fits best according to the text.
Mark your answers on the separate answer sheet.
An eye for detail
Artist Susan Shepherd is best known for
her flower paintings, and the large garden
that surrounds her house is the source of
many of her subjects. It is full of her
favourite flowers, most especially
varieties of tulips and poppies. Some of
the plants are unruly and seed themselves
all over the garden. There is a harmony of
colour, shape and structure in the two
long flower borders that line the paved
path which crosses the garden from east
to west. Much of this is due to the
previous owners who were keen
gardeners, and who left plants that
appealed to Susan. She also inherited the
gardener, Danny. ‘In fact, it was really his
garden,’ she says. ‘We got on very well.
At first he would say, “Oh, it’s not worth
it” to some of the things I wanted to put
in, but when I said I wanted to paint
them, he recognised what I had in mind.’
Susan prefers to focus on detailed studies
of individual plants rather than on the
garden as a whole, though she will
occasionally paint a group of plants
where they are. More usually, she picks
them and then takes them up to her
studio. ‘I don’t set the whole thing up at
once,’ she says. ‘I take one flower out and
paint it, which might take a few days, and
then I bring in another one and build up
the painting that way. Sometimes it takes
a couple of years to finish.’
Her busiest time of year is spring and
early summer, when the tulips are out,
followed by the poppies. ‘They all come
out together, and you’re so busy,’ she
says. But the gradual decaying process is
also part of the fascination for her. With
tulips, for example, ‘you bring them in and
put them in water, then leave them for
perhaps a day and they each form
themselves into different shapes. They open
out and are fantastic. When you first put
them in a vase, you think they are boring,
but they change all the time with twists and
Susan has always been interested in plants:
‘I did botany at school and used to collect
wild flowers from all around the
countryside,’ she says. ‘I wasn’t particularly
interested in gardening then; in fact, I didn’t
like garden flowers, I thought they looked
like the ones made of silk or plastic that
were sold in some florists’ shops - to me,
the only real ones were wild. I was
intrigued by the way they managed to
flower in really awkward places, like cracks
in rocks or on cliff tops.’ Nowadays, the
garden owes much to plants that originated
in far-off lands, though they seem as much
at home in her garden as they did in China
or the Himalayas. She has a come-whatmay attitude to the garden, rather like an
affectionate aunt who is quite happy for
children to run about undisciplined as long
as they don’t do any serious damage.
With two forthcoming exhibitions to
prepare for, and a ready supply of subject
material at her back door, finding time to
work in the garden has been difficult
recently. She now employs an extra
gardener but, despite the need to paint, she
knows that, to maintain her connection with
her subject matter, ‘you have to get your
Paper 1 Reading
1 In the first paragraph, the writer describes Susan’s garden as
A having caused problems for the previous owners.
B having a path lined with flowers.
C needing a lot of work to keep it looking attractive.
D being only partly finished.
2 What does ‘this’ in line 12 refer to?
A the position of the path
B the number of wild plants
C the position of the garden
D the harmony of the planting
3 What does Susan say about Danny?
A He felt she was interfering in his work.
B He immediately understood her feelings.
C He was recommended by the previous owners.
D He was slow to see the point of some of her ideas.
4 What is Susan’s approach to painting?
A She will wait until a flower is ready to be picked before painting it.
B She likes to do research on a plant before she paints it.
C She spends all day painting an individual flower.
D She creates her paintings in several stages.
5 Susan thinks that tulips
A are more colourful and better shaped than other flowers.
B are not easy to paint because they change so quickly.
C look best some time after they have been cut.
D should be kept in the house for as long as possible.
6 Why did Susan enjoy studying wild flowers at school?
A She found the way they adapted to their surroundings fascinating.
B She used the lessons as a good excuse to get out of school.
C She was attracted by their different colours and shapes.
D She wanted to learn how to make copies of them in material.
7 How does the writer describe Susan’s attitude to her garden?
A She thinks children should be allowed to enjoy it.
B She prefers planting flowers from overseas.
C She likes a certain amount of disorder.
D She dislikes criticism of her planting methods.
8 What point is Susan making in the final paragraph?
A It’s essential to find the time to paint even if there is gardening to be done.
B It’s important not to leave the gardening entirely to other people.
C It’s good to have expert help when you grow plants.
D It’s hard to do exhibitions if there are not enough plants ready in the garden.