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bài giảng tiếng anh 8



•A. Gramar (Ngữ Pháp)
Cách chuyển đổi từ câu Chủ động (Active) sang câu Bị động (Pasive)


B¶ng tæng hîp
Tense

Present

Past

Future

Simple

am
is
are


Was
were

+ V – ed/3nd
(Vpp)

+ V – ed/3nd

Progressive

Perfect

Am
Is + being + V-ed/3rd
are

Have
+been +V-ed/3rd
Has

Was
+ being + V-ed/3
were

- Will be + V- ed/3nd
- Be going to+ be + V- ed/3nd


B. Exercises
Ex1. Change into pasive voice
• 1. Mrs Green is cooking the food in the kitchen.
• 2.They can’t do these exercises quickly.
• 3. We have to test these products.
• 4. They should send that letter soon..
• 5. They export bananas to Europe.
• 6. Somebody has cleaned the room.
• 7. When did they decorate your kitchen?
• 8. Somebody was recording our conversations.
• 9. They will complete the new high way from north to south next year.
• 10. My aunt made this sweater for her son.



ANSWERS















II.

Correct verbs
1. The first festival (hold)……………..nearly eight hundred
years ago.
2. There’s someone behind us. I think we (follow)
……………………..
3. An interesting book (read) …………by Lan at the moment.
4. This bike (use) ………….for more than six years.
5. Nowadays. Many historical places (destroy) ……………
seriously.
6. A new textbook (publish)…..…………next month.
7. The Eiffel Tower is in Paris. It (visit)………….by millions of
people every year.
8. Since the 1980s more and more paper (recycle) …………
9. Tet holiday in Viet Nam (celebrate)……………..around
January and February.
10. A big picture (paint)……………….in front of the Town Hall
by the artists now



•A. Gramar (Ngữ Pháp)

A: S + V-ed/ V2
Past
N: S + did not + Verb
simple
(didn’t)
Q: Did + S + Verb…?

• To describe an
action in the past
taking place once,
never or several
times
• Actions taking
place one after
another

Adv: ago, last ..., yesterday,
In + time (past)
After “When, since”
Ex:
- Tom went to Paris in 1990
- I saw Mary, then I ran to
her immediately

Past

• An action going on
at a certain time
in the past
• Actions taking
place at the same
time
• An action in the
past that is
interrupted by
another action

- What were you doing from
3p.m to 6p.m yesterday?

continuous

S + was/ were+ V-ing
S + was + not + V-ing
were
Was
+ S + V-ing..?
Were

- My father was watching
TV while I was learning.
- My friends was bitten by a
dog while she was
talking with me.


Present
perfect

A: S + have/has + PII
N: S +haven’t/hasn’t + PII
Q: Have/ Has + S + PII…?

- An action that has
taken place once,
never or several
times
- An action which
happened in the
past but still up to
present.
- An action which
happened in the
past and shows the
result at present

* Adv: for , since
- Just , already, recently,
lately
- ever, never, yet
* Ex:



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