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Sách giáo khoa Tiếng Anh 10 mới tập 2 (bản word tiện cho việc soạn giáo án)

BO GIAO DUC VA OAO TAO
HOANG VAN VAN (Tong Chu bien) - HOANG THj XUAN HOA (Chu bien)
OANG HIEP GIANG - PHAN HA - HOANGTHj H6NG HAI
KIEU THI THU HUONG - VU THI LAN - OAO NGOC L6C

NHA XUAT BAN GlAO DUC VIET NAM

fAP OOAN XUAT BAN GIAO
DUC


CONTENTS
Page
BOOK MAP

4

UNIT 6: GENDER EQUALITY

6


UNIT7: CULTURAL DIVERSITY

16
UNIT8: NEW WAYS TO LEARN

26
REVIEW3

36

UNIT9: PRESERVINGTHE ENVIRONMENT

38
UNIT 10: ECOTOURISM

48
REVIEW4

58

GLOSSARY.............................................................60


Ldl NOI OAU
Tieng Anh 10, Tap Hai la cuon sach tap hai 6uac Nha xuat ban
Giao due Viet Nam to chut bien soan theo Chaong trlnh Tieng
Anh Trung hoc pho thong do Bo Giao due va Oao tao ban hanh
theo Quyet dinh so 5209/QD-BGDDT ngay 23 thang 11 nam
2012, tiep theo Chaong trlnh tieng Anh Tieu hoc va Chaong
trlnh tieng Anh Trung hoc ca sd. Sach daoc bien soan theo
dadng hadng giao tiep, giup hoc sinh, thong qua su 1 dung ngQ
lieu (ngtf am, tQ vang, ngQ phap), phat trien nang lac giao tiep
bang tieng Anh dadi bon hlnhthtfcnghe, noi, doc vavie't. Tieng
Anh lOchutraong lay HOC lam trung tarn, trong do hoc sinh la
chu the cua qua trlnh day - hoc, giao vien la ngadi hadng dan,
ngadi to chac cac hoat dong tren Idp, giup hoc sinh giao tiep co
hieu qua.Trong Tieng Anh 10, tarn li lura tuoi cua hoc sinh va
cac dac diem van hoa cua Viet Nam va cua cac nadc tren the
gicfi, dac biet la cua cac nadc noi tieng Anh va cac nadc trong
khu vac, daoc coi trong.

Tieng Anh 10, Tap Hai daoc bien soan xoay quanh ba chu
diem (theme) gan gui vdi hoc sinh: Our Society, Our
Environment va Our Future. Moi chu diem daoc the hien 6 mot
den ba don bj bai hoc (Unit) taong ufng vdi cac chu de (topic)
goi y trong Chaong trlnh. Sau moi hai hoac ba don vi bai hoc la
mot bai on (Review) tap trung vao kie'n thQc ngon ngQ va kT
nang ngon ngQ hoc sinh da daoc hoc va ren luyen.
Tieng Anh 10, Tap Hai daoc bien soan tren cosdnhOng kinh
nghiem thac tien cua viec day va hoc tieng Anh trong traOng
pho thong 6 Viet Nam. Sach nhan daoc sa hop tac chat che ve
chuyen mon va kT thuat cua Nha xuat ban Pearson.
Nhom tac gia rat mong nhan daoc nhQng y kie'n dong gop cua
cac nha giao, cac bac phu huynh, cac em hoc sinh va dong dao
ban doc quan tarn de sach 6uac hoan thien hon trong cac Ian
in sau.
Cac tac gia


!(,

BOOK
MAP
Topi

[nil 6

Gender
Equality

'«'!"
■■ Vocabulary
Words and
phrases related
to gender
equality

Pni
t?

Init 8

Cult
ural
Dive
rsity

New
Ways
to
Learn

Pronunciation
Stress in twosyllable words

Grammar
The Passive
voice with modals

Words and
phrases
related to
traditions,
cultural
characteris
tics and
superstitio
ns

Stress in
two-syllable
words with
derivatives

Words and
phrases
related to
- Electronic
devices
that can
help us
learn
- Using the
Internet to
learn
English

Stress in
threesyllable
adjectives
and verbs

Comparativ
e and
superlative
adjectives
Articles

Relative
clauses:
defining and
non-defining
clauses with
'who', 'that',
'which' and
'whose'

EVIEW 3
Unit 9

Preser
ving
the
Enviro
nment

Unit 10
Ecotourism

Words and
phrases
related to
environment
al impacts
and ways to
protect the
environment
Words and
phrases
related to
importance,

Stress in
threesyllable
nouns

benefits and
principles of
ecotourism

Reported
speech

Stress in
words of
more than
three


sylla
bles

C
o
n
dit

ion
al
sen
ten
ces

type
s1
and
2

of
ecotourism

5

Reading

Speaking

Reading for

Talking about

general
and specific
details about
gender
in
employment
Reading

equal job
opportunities

for specific
information
about
superstition
Viet Nam

traditions and
customs in
countries and
discuss those
of Viet Nam

Reading for

Talking about

general
and specific
details about
new ways to
learn
English

how
devices can
help us learn

Reading for

Talking

general
and specific
details about
threats to
the natural
environment

about the
environmenta
impacts
of human
activities

Reading for

Talking about

general
and specific
details about
the benefits
principles

what tourists
can do on an
ecotour

Comparing


GENDER EQUALITY

Equal Opportunities in Education


Listen and
read.
Lan:

Can we
start
working on
the class
project
'Equal
Opportunit
ies
in
Education'
?

Quang: OK, let's
see what
information we have
f
ound
on our
topic.
Minh:
Please
go
ahead,
Quang.
Quang: Well,
according
to a United
Nations
report, subSaharan
Africa had
only 82 girls
enrolled per
100 boys in

secondary
Quang:
school in
I'
2010.1
m
suppose this af
is an
ra
example of
id
gender
I
discriminatio di
n in
sa
education.
gr
e
Lan:
Yes, I
e.
agree. Not
I
all girls can
go to school. thi
nk
I guess they
gi
may be kept
rls
home to do
d
housework.
o
Quang: Sure. In
b
rural areas,
et
girls might
te
be forced to
r
work at
at
home and in
sc
the fields.
h
Minh: Some
o
people say
ol
that girls
th
perform
a
worse at
n
school than
b
boys, so
oy
they
s
shouldn't be
a
allowed to
n
go to school.


d more
This unit
women
includes:
than men
LA
have
N
college
G
degrees.
U
Lan:
Exactly. In
A
G
Viet Nam, there are
E
slightly
more boys
V
than girls in
o
both
c
primary and
a
secondary
b
schools, but
u
more
l
women
a
than men
r
earn
y
college
Words and
degrees.
phrases related
to gender
A llmf
equality
R/GonHorfnualifi.
Pronunciation
Stress in twosyllable words
Grammar
The passive
voice with
modals
SKILLS
- Reading for
general
ideas and
specific
details
about
gender
equality in
employmen
t
- Talking about
equal job
opportunities
- Listenin
g for
specific
informa
tion
about
wage
discrimi
nation
- Writing about
working mothers
COMMUNICATION
AND CULTURE

G
en
de
r
eq
ua
lit
y
in
th
e
U
nit
ed
Ki
ng
do
m
M
i
n
h
:
I
b
e
li
e
v
e
g
e
n
d
e
r
d
i
s
c
ri
m
i
n
a
ti
o
n
i
n
educat
ion
starts
at
home
becau
se


parents
treat boys
and girls
differently.
Quang: I couldn't
agree
more.
Gender
discriminat
ion should
be
eliminated
so that
everyone
has equal
opportuniti
es in
education.
2 Read the
conversation
again. Decide

if the following
statements are
true (T), false
(F) or not given
(NG). Tick the
correct boxes.
Lan, Quang and Minh are
working on the class
project'Equal Opportunities
2. Quang is talking about the
enrolment rate in secondary
school in sub-Saharan Africa in
2013.
3. Lan thinks girls may be
kept home to do
housework.
4.
In general, girls do better
than
boys at all levels of education.
5. Minh believes gender
discrimination in education
starts
at home because parents treat


3 Read the conversation again and
answer the questions.
1. What was the enrolment rate in subSaharan African in 2010?
2. Why can't girls go to school
according toQuang?
3. What is the enrolment rate in
schools in Viet Nam?
4. Who earns more college degrees in Viet
Nam?
5. Why should gender discrimination
be eliminated?

2 Complete the following sentences
using the words given in 1.
6. This year, more girls are
expected to ___in the first grade.
7. Many young people are not interested in
sports.
I have to__________....my sons to play
tennis or go swimming.
8. The Vietnamese government has done a
lot to ________hunger and poverty.
9. We do not allow any kind of
against women and girls.

Vocabulary
1 Match each word with its definition.
Then practise reading the words out
loud.

5. force
(v)

10. Our family members have________
rights and responsibilities.
6. Most parents don't want to find out the
of their babies before
birth.
I
6.

discrimination (n)
d.unfair
having
the same
b.
treatment
I1
make
somebody
do
quantity
or
value
based
on
gender,
the things they don't as
other
people
age
or race
a. arrange
to join a school
officially
get rid of
| f. the fact of being male
or | female


ity
Pro
nu
nci
ati
on
L
i
s
t
e
n
a
n
d
r
e
p
e
a
t
.
enrol
woman
gender
perform
housewor
k agree
treatment
equal
system
college
allow
promote

Listen
again
and put
a mark (')
before
the
stressed
syllable.
3 Put the
words in
the right
box
accordin
g to their
stress
patterns.

U
n
i
t
6
/
G
e
n
d
e
r
E
q
u
a
l

7


f2 Match each of the words with its
meaning. Use a dictionary if
necessary.
Grammar
1 Choose the right
modals in
brackets to
complete the
sentences.
11. Some people think
married women
(shouldn't/ mustn't)

pursue a career.
12. We (must/should) stop when the traffic
lights are red.
13. (May/Mustn't) school boys study
needlework and cookery? Yes, of course.
14. Remember to bring a raincoat with
you. It (might/would) rain later.
15. (Will/Shall) you talk to your parents before
you decide to join the police forces, Mai?
16. You {mustn't/won't) pick those flowers.
Don't you seethe sign?
17. My brother is good at cooking and he
(can/ might) cook very delicious food.
Do you know...?
Modal Verbs
can
could may might will
would must shall should ought to
2 Read the following sentences from
GETTING
STARTED. Underline the passive voice
with
modals. Check with your partner.
18. I guess they may be kept home to do
housework
19. They might be forced to work at home and
in the fields.
20. Some people say that girls perform worse
at school than boys, so they shouldn't be
allowed to go to school.
21. Gender discrimination should be
eliminated so that everyone has equal
opportunities in education.

____________ J

Reading
Gender Equality in Employment
1 Look at the symbols. What do they
stand for?


3 Rewrite these sentences, using the
passive voice.
22. Our class might choose Lan to represent
us in the School Youth Union.
23. Will they teach Korean in our school next
year?
24. The students must follow the instructions
strictly.
25. Very young children shouldn't eat sugary
food.
26. They should give women and men equal
rights to education and employment.
27. Hopefully, scientists will discover a
planet similar to Earth.
28. I think we can reduce discrimination
against women and girls.
Do you know...?
Active
Voice
They may

The Passive Voice
with Modals
Passive Voice
A new bridge may be built.
Example

Rule
modal+V

modal + be + past participle

- We use the passive voice when the
agent of the action is not known or not
important.
- If the agent is known, it can be
indicated by a
phrase beginning with 'by'.
Example:
A new bridge may be built by the local
people.
preference (n)
the act of controlling
something; a restriction
■ >I.M IIM ILH ■■.■■.froyV'W'vS
b. the state of feeling sad
and alone
c. a greater interest in
someone / something
thar>|: someone /
something else
I d. follow a course or
activity in an effort to
i^gain something
[ e. bring somebody to
court because they

have done
something harmful to
you
8 Unit 0/Gender Cquality


3 Quickly
read the
text.
Choose the
best title for
it.
a. Brenda
Berkman's
Childhood
b. A Woman Who Did a'Man's Job'
c. Gender Equality in Employment
KW- M tf 1* |
H# I
nda
Berkma
n"
dreamt
T

51 ilia IKI ill
although she was aware of gender
preference in favour of boys. In 1977,
she applied for a firefighter's position at
the New York City Fire Department
(FDNY).
Even though she was a marathon runner,
she failed the physical test. But Brenda
didn't give up. She sued New York City
and the FDNY for gender discrimination
and won. A new 'fairer'test was created,
so she and 40 other women passed.
Brenda's dream of becoming a firefighter
came true.
However, she and other female
firefighters became the targets of
laughter and anger from the co-workers
and local people. They were unwelcomed
at meals, faced loneliness and even
violence.
There weren't any limitations on women's
service at FDNY.The women firefighters
had to do exactly the same jobs as their
male workers. To pursue a 'man's job'
Brenda Berkman and other women had
to work very hard. They paid a heavy
price to win equality. They were
successful and even became the
subjects of a documentary called Taking
the Heat in 2006.
Brenda Berkman's story shows that
gender differences cannot prevent a
person from pursuing a job. Success
comes to those who have enough
courage and will.

4 Read the statements. Decide if they are
true (T), false (F) or not given (NG).
Brenda Berkman was never
aware of gender preference
in favour of boys.

T

F N
G

2. Brenda Berkman
passed the written test.
After failing the physical
test, Brenda Berkman kept
silent and went away.
4. She and other female
firefighters became the
targets of laughter and anger
from the co-workers and
local
people.
They
paid a heavy price
to win equality.
Brenda Berkman taught
at the FDNY.
5 Read the text again. Answer the
questions.
Check with your partner.
What job did Brenda Berkman want to do
as a young girl?
2. What did she do after she failed the
physical test?
How were she and other female
firefighters treated?
What jobs did they do at FDNY?
What is Taking the Heat?
What does Brenda Berkman's story show?
6 Discuss the following with a partner.
Should a woman do a'man's job'? Why /
Why not?


Unit 6/Gender Cquality

9


Speaking

33. Men are better leaders than women.

Equal Job Opportunities

34. Men are not as good with children as
women.

1 Read the following phrases and
sentences. Write
A if it expresses an agreement and
write D if it
expresses a disagreement Add two
expressions /
sentences. Check with your partner.
1._____I don't think that....
2,_____I agree (that...).
3._____Yes, but....
4.____. That's true.
5._____I guess so.
6._____Actually, I think....
7.___________________
8.___________________
2 Work in pairs. Do you agree or
disagree
with
the following statements? Tell your
partner,
using the phrases and sentences in
1.
r
men better leaders
Example:
are 1 don't think that
than women.
29. Women's natural roles are caregivers and housewives.
30. Men are traditional decisionmakers and bread-winners.
31. Women are more hard-working than
men although they are physically
weaker.
32. Women may become trouble-makers
because they are too talkative.


3 a. Work in groups. Discuss if you agree
or disagree with the statement 'Married
women should not pursue a career',
using sentences 1 -6 as reasons for
your agreement or disagreement.
Note down your group's
discussion. Report the results to
the class.
35. Women should stay at home, doing
housework and looking after their
husbands and children.
36. It is boring and tiring doing housework.
37. Women often become passive and
dependent on their husbands.
38. Women will be exhausted if they have to do
two jobs: at work and at home.
Women usually get less pay than men
fordoing the same job.
Men should share household tasks with
their wives.
Example:
Student A: I think married women should
not pursue a career.
Student B: I agree. I believe they should
stay at home, doing housework
and looking after their husbands
and children.
Student C: Actually, I think they should
continue pursuing a career. It is
boring and tiring doing
housework.

Ilnif fiI Ronripp Fnnalif n


I

1
I

Listening
Same Work - Same Pay
1 Look at the picture. The man and
the woman do the same work,
but they look different. Why? Tell
your partner.

Same work - Same pay?
i2 Listen and repeat the following
words. Do you know each word's
meaning? Use a dictionary if
necessary.
1.
wage (n) 5. property (n)
2.
inequality (n)
6. address
3.
(v)
4. affect
qualified (adj.)
7. income
(n)
8. encourage (v)
Writing
Working Mothers
1 The following paragraph about the
advantages of working mothers is
missing the detailed explanations. Put
the explanations (a-c) in the yellow
box in the appropriate blanks (1-3).
Advantages of Working Mothers
Mothers should be greatly encouraged to
work outside the home.
First, working mothers contribute to
household income.

Second, working mothers are good
educators for their children.
2.
Finally, working mothers set good
examples for their children.

Clearly, mothers should be strongly
supported to work outside the home.


Listen to the recording. Check if the
following statements are true (T) or
false (F).
T F
1. The speaker begins his talk with
gender
equality in and age.
job opportunities
2. Wage discrimination affects
women negatively.
3. Women work less than men but
they earn more.
4. Married men and women
spend about equal amounts of
time working, but women still have
to
time onare
housework.
5. spend
Even more
now women
not

are becoming important to their
household budgets.
Experiences at work widen their
knowledge and gradually mature
them.Through working they discover their
strengths and weaknesses, become
more knowledgeable and look for good
ways to educate their children.

Unit 0/Gender E

m
m

allowed to join the army, the police
forces
or are
the fire
6.
Men
nowservices.
working in jobs
thatconsidered
used to be suitable for women
only.
«»
Listen again and complete the
following sentences by writing no
more than three words or numbers.
1. Wage (1)______________when workers
are equally qualified and perform
the same work, but some workers are
(2)_______________than others.
2. Women (3)_______________of the
world's
work, produce 50% of the food, but earn
10% of
the income and (4)______________of
the
property.
3. Many countries now (5)_____________
to join the army, the police forces and
the fire
services.
More and more men are now working in
jobs
(6). .______________, cleaning and
childcare.

When children see how their parents
work hard to support the families and
share domestic responsibilities they will
learn from them. Such family values as
hard work, responsibilities and love are
likely to pass down from generation to
generation.
They help their husbands pay household
expenses and satisfy their children's
growing needs. Life is getting more and
more expensive, so women's salaries


mothers should
be strongly supported to work outside the
home.

A.

Read the paragraph in 1 again.
Complete the following outline.
Topic sentence: Mothers should be
greatly encouraged to work outside the
home.

2.

Supporting idea 7: Working mothers
contribute to household income

B.

Explanations:
They help pay household expenses
and satisfy
children's growing needs

2.
C.

Supporting idea 2: Working mothers
are good
educators
Explanations:
Experiences at work widen their
knowledge and mature them
Supporting idea 3: Working mothers
set good examples
Explanations:
Such family values as hard work,
responsibilities & love pass down
Concluding sentence: Clearly,


.
Fin

3
H
o
w
ar
e
th
e
fo
ll
o
w
in
g
w
o
r
d
s
u
s
e
d
in
th
e
p
ar
a
g
ra
p
h
in
2
?
T
el
l
y
o
u
r
p
ar
tn
er
First
Seco
nd
.

ally
.
Cle
arl
y

4 Write a similar paragraph
about the disadvantages
of working mothers.
Disadvantages of Working
Mothers
having traditional roles: housewives,
housekeepers; doing housework,
looking after husbands & children;
caregivers for elderly people
3, not having enough time: men work
at office, women work at office and
at home; after work, do chores, take
care of families, no time to relax
C. not being good workers: tiring
household chores affect work,
cannot concentrate or work
effectively; worry about kids &
housework

lln.lE/GnTjnnCmililii


fCT^jijMiyni^y^rynflimTEn
Culture

Communication
Gender Equality in Viet Nam
1 Read the following statements about
achievements in addressing gender
equality in Viet Nam. Do you want to
add any achievements? Tell your
partner.

Read the following text about gender
equality in the United Kingdom and
answer the questions. Check your
answers with your partner.
Gender Equality in the United Kingdom

1. The gender gap in primary education Student A:
I
has been eliminated.
t
More women than men earn college
h
degrees, although there are slightly
i
more boys than girls at primary and
n
secondary levels.
k
3 Seventy-three per cent of Vietnamese
women participate in the labour force,
t
which is one of the highest rates in the
h
world.
e
2 Work in pairs. Talk about
achievements in addressing gender
equality in Viet Nam, using the
statements in 1.
Example:

V
i
e
t
n
a
m
e

se
government
has
made
considerable
progress
in
gender
equality.
Student B: I agree. Seventy-three
per cent of Vietnamese
women participate in the
labour force. No doubt that
we have one of the highest
rates in the world.


3.

h
a
s
m
a
d
e
a
r

tion. At university level, there are more
women than men in full-time
undergraduate courses. In addition,
men and women equally gain first class
degrees.
Second, according to a survey in 2012,
women make up 47 per cent of the
British workforce. Only 35 per cent of
women aged 16 to 64 are now not
working.
However, the United Kinqdom still faces
challenges in gender equality. Millions of
women and girls experience domestic
violence every year. The gap in full-time
wage between men and women is 10
per cent and most of the people in lowpaid jobs are women.

e
q
u
a
l
i
t
How do girls and boys perform at school
y
in the United Kingdom?
.
First, How many women participate in the
girls British workforce?
per of What challenges does the United
educa Kingdom still face in achieving gender
equality?

Unit fi / finniW
Pniialitn
1*


Pronunciation

Grammar

Put the following two-syllable words
in the correct columns according to
their stress patterns.
symbol

letter

c. can be seen

complete
:

infect

income

workforce

army

improve

a. may be asked
b. should not be allowed

healthcare

challenge

1 Choose the correct passive forms a-f
to complete the sentences 1-6.

suggest

d. might be postponed
e. must be written
f. should be made

become

1. The entire lake_____
Stress on first syllable
second syllable

Stress on

from

their flat on the 7th floor.
2. Efforts _
to offer all

fru

List
en
and
repe
at
the
wor
ds.
Vocabul
ary

children
equal
access to
education.
3. Our teacher
told us that all
of our
assignments
_________________
in ink.

4. The
afternoon
meeting______________
because
three of the
five
committee
members
are unable
to attend.
Decide which
words in
brackets best
complete the

sentences.
39. Much has to be
done to achieve


{genderequality/
gender
inequality) in
employment
opportunities.
40. Employers
give
{challenge/p
reference)
to university
graduates.
41. People have
{encouraged/eli
minated)
poverty and
hunger in many
parts of the
world.
42. Both genders
should be
provided with
equal
{rights/incomes)
to education,
employment and
healthcare.
43. Internet
{access/dev
elopment) is
available
everywhere
in this city.
44. A person
looking after
someone
who is sick,
disabled or
old at home
is a
(caretaker/
housekeepe
r).
45. We should not
allow any kind of
{discrimination/e
ducation)
against women

and girls.
46. People in this
country have made
good
{wage/progress)
in eliminating
domestic
violence.

5. My brother.
police forces.
6. Children
to play violent
videogames.
2 Rewrite the
following
sentences,
using the
passive voice.
47.Each student
must write an
essay on
gender equality.
48.They
can
open
this exit
door in
case of
emerge

, to join ncy.
the
49.They should
give men and
women equal
pay for equal
work.
50.They might give
my mother an
award.
51.The Vietnamese
government will
make more
progress in
gender equality.
52.People
may
consider
obesity
a
serious
health
problem
.


CCHBa?

1 Do a survey. Find out...

53. how many boys and girls there are in
your class and your school;

54. how many class monitors are boys and
how many are girls in your school;
55. how many form teachers are male and
how many are female in your school;
56. how many teachers of literature are


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