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Bài tập Unit 6_Global Warming (Tiếng Anh 11 thí điểm mới) - Có đáp án

UNIT 6: GLOBAL WARMING

I. Match the word with its definition.
A

B

1. Atmosphere

a. a measure of the amount of carbon dioxide that is
produced by the daily activities of a person or company

2. Dump

b. the production or sending out of light, heat, gas, etc.

3. Carbon footprint

c. to pay no attention to something

4. Emission


d. no longer in existence

5. Extinct

e. to get rid of something you do not want

6. Ignore

f.

1. …...

2. …...

the mixture of gases that surrounds the earth
3. …...

4. …...

5. …...

6. …...

II. Find the word which is different from the others in the position of primary stress.
1. atmosphere

balance

deforestation

fertiliser

2. extinct

emission

ignore

ecological


3. ignore

infectious

severe

balance

4. sparingly

severe

atmosphere

fertiliser

5. greenhouse

suspect

severe

infectious

6. footprint

extinct

sparingly

atmosphere

7. emission

severe

ignore

fertilizer

III. Complete the sentences using the given words.
trap

greenhouse gases infectious deforestation

fertilisers

ecological

1. Carbon dioxide is one of the primary ………………….. that cause global warming.
2. Climate change may lead to the extinction of many species and upset the …………………..
balance.
3. It's the greenhouse gases that ………………….. heat from the sun and the process makes the
earth become hotter and hotter
4. Global warming has serious implications for all aspects of human life, including
………………….. diseases.
1


5. Most ………………….. that are commonly used in agriculture contain the three basic plant
nutrients: nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium.
6. If ………………….. continues at current rates, scientists estimate nearly 80 to 90% of
tropical rainforest ecosystems will be destroyed by the year 2020.
IV. Match the word and its definition.
A

B

1. Lawmaker

A. a long period of time when there is little or no rain

2. Harvest

B. a lack of food during a long period of time in a region

3. Famine

C. a person in government who makes the laws of a country

4. Drought

D. the process of removing dirt, pollution, or things that are
considered bad or immoral from a place

5. Clean-up

E. the time of year when the crops are gathered in on a farm,
etc.; the act of cutting and gathering crops

1. …...

2. …...

3. …...

4. …...

5. …...

V. Find the word which is different from the others in the position of primary stress.
1. lawmaker

issue

harvest

diversity

2. famine

related

disrupt

absorb

3. awareness

capture

related

diversity

4. absorb

catastrophic

disrupt

awareness

5. climate

clean-up

famine

related

VI. Complete the sentences using the given words.
catastrophic

diversity

absorb

heat-related

climate change

1. Although global warming is causing changes in weather pattern, it is only one aspect of
………………………………………
2. As global temperatures rise, there are more cases of ………………………………………
diseases.
3. The effects of climate change on humans and nature are
……………………………………….
4. We need preserve the ……………………………………… of wildlife because each species
has an important role to play.
2


5. Planting trees can contribute to reducing global warming as trees capture and
……………………………………… CO2 in the air.
VII. Match the two halves to make a meaningful sentence.
A

B

1. Having offended him,

A. they put their plan into action.

2. She apologized him

B. she gave him a heartfelt apology.

3. Having made all necessary

C. for having offended him.

preparations,
4. Linda admitted

D. having upset her best friend.

5. Having offended him,

E. they put their plan into action.

6. Having finished typing and

F. she is now preparing for it.

editing the report,
7. She really regretted

G. we now suffer from catastrophic man-made
environmental disasters.

8. Having been called for an

H. e pressed "Ctr + P" to print it.

interview,
9. Having treated the environment
unkindly,

I. having missed the opportunity to work in this
company.

VIII. Decide whether the underlined part in the following sentences is Gerund, Perfect
Gerund, Past participle or Perfect Participle.
1. She thanked me for having helped her a lot when she was in trouble.
A. Gerund

B. Perfect gerund

C. Past participle D. Perfect participle

2. Having smoked cigarettes for years, he was diagnosed with lung cancer.
A. Gerund

B. Perfect gerund

C. Past participle D. Perfect participle

3. Having drunk contaminated water from a nearby river, lots of people in this village suffer
from cancers.
A. Gerund

B. Perfect gerund

C. Past participle D. Perfect participle
3


4. She always smiles whenever she mentions having met the President of the USA.
A. Gerund

B. Perfect gerund

C. Past participle D. Perfect participle

5. My boss is considering investing more money in building new five-star hotels and resorts.
A. Gerund

B. Perfect gerund

C. Past participle D. Perfect participle

6. Having missed important lectures on alternative energy, she couldn't finish her oral test on
this subject.
A. Gerund

B. Perfect gerund

C. Past participle D. Perfect participle

7. Every member of the team praised him for having helped the team win the championship.
A. Gerund

B. Perfect gerund

C. Past participle D. Perfect participle

8. Having experienced a sharp decline in profits, the company has to dismiss a large number of
employees.
A. Gerund

B. Perfect gerund

C. Past participle D. Perfect participle

IX. Choose the sentences that are closest in meaning to the given sentence(s).
1. Before we came to Lam's party, we had bought some flowers.
A. Having came to Lam's party, we bought some flowers.
B. Having bought some flowers, we came to Lam's party.
C. After we came to Lam's party, we bought some flowers.
2. After I had had my dinner, I invited Linda for a walk.
A. I invited Linda for a walk. Then, we had dinner.
B. Before I had my dinner, I had invited Linda for a walk.
C. Having had my dinner, I invited Linda for a walk.
3. After she had spent the whole month studying the effects of deforestation, she collected
enough data.
A. She had collected enough data but she still spent the whole month studying the effects of
deforestation.
B. Having spent the whole month studying the effects of deforestation, she collected enough
data.
C. After she collected enough data, she spent the whole month studying the effects of
deforestation.
4


4. He risked his own life to rescue a girl from drowning. He was really admired for that.
A. He was really admired for having risked his own life to rescue a girl from drowning.
B. Because he was really admirable, he risked his own life to rescue a girl from drowning.
C. He had been really admired before he risked his own life to rescue a girl from
drowning.
5. Since the local authorities had failed to manage water resources efficiently, they had to deal
with water shortages.
A. The local authorities had to deal with water management and water shortages at the
same time.
B. Having had to deal with water shortages, the local authorities failed to manage water
resources efficiently.
C. Having failed to manage water resources efficiently, the local authorities had to deal
with water shortages.
6. Tom broke his promise to keep my secret. He apologised for that.
A. Having broken his promise to keep my secret, he apologises for that.
B. Tom apologised to me for having broken his promise to keep my secret.
C. When Tom breaks his promise to keep my secret, he apologises for that.
7. Lan has come up with creative solutions for dealing with air pollution. We praise her for that.
A. Lan is praised for having come up with creative solutions for dealing with air pollution.
B. After Lan came up with creative solutions for dealing with air pollution, we praised her
for that.
C. Having come up with creative solutions for dealing with air pollution, we praised her
for that.
8. Because farmers had been told about the dangers of chemical fertilisers, they turned to biofertilisers.
A. After farmers used bio-fertilisers, they had been told about the dangers of chemical
fertilisers.
B. Before farmers were told about the dangers of chemical fertilisers, they had turned to
bio-fertilisers.
C. Having been told about the dangers of chemical fertilisers, farmers turned to biofertiliser.

5


X. Rewrite each sentence so that it has similar meaning to the given sentence(s). Use the
perfect gerund or perfect participle.
1. As he had drunk too much beer, he didn't drive home himself.
 ……………………………………………………………………………………….
2. The students in group 11A planted the most trees in the schoolyard. They were praised for
that.
 ……………………………………………………………………………………….
3. After we had visited the museum, we decided to have lunch in the park.
 ……………………………………………………………………………………….
4. Someone had dumped tons of untreated toxic waste into the river. The police suspected FYK
company of doing it.
 ……………………………………………………………………………………….
5. After we had locked the door carefully, we went to bed.
 ……………………………………………………………………………………….
6. We have done three tests today, so we are really tired.
 ……………………………………………………………………………………….
7. She said that she would take responsibility for the project's progress. But then she denied that.
 ……………………………………………………………………………………….
8. She had not slept for two days; therefore, she wasn't able to concentrate.
 ……………………………………………………………………………………….
XI. Reorder the words to make complete sentences.
1. decided/ major/ considered/ medicine./ in/ Having/ carefully,/ she
 ……………………………………………………………………………………….
2. having/ The/ fire./ were/ started/ punished/ a/ for/ boys
 ……………………………………………………………………………………….
3. around/ the/ omagined/ having/ She/ travelled/ world.
 ……………………………………………………………………………………….
4. are/ Having/ about/ protect/ now/ read/ to/ we/ eager/ stories/ environment./ man-made/
disasters,/ the
 ……………………………………………………………………………………….
5. forests,/ suffering/ Having/ cut/ effects./ down/ the/ from/ local/ people/ its/ are/ now.
 ……………………………………………………………………………………….
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6. remember/ bag/ my/ gone./ having/ here,/ I/ it’s/ left/ now
 ……………………………………………………………………………………….
7. you/ my/ daughter/ the/ in/ flood./ having/ saved/ for/ Thank
 ……………………………………………………………………………………….
8. friends/ Having/ we/ are/ longer/ character,/ now/ no/ his/ true/ realized
 ……………………………………………………………………………………….

7


1


UNIT 6: GLOBAL WARMING - KEYS
I. Match the word with its definition.
A

B

1. Atmosphere

a. a measure of the amount of carbon dioxide that is
produced by the daily activities of a person or company

2. Dump

b. the production or sending out of light, heat, gas, etc.

3. Carbon footprint

c. to pay no attention to something

4. Emission

d. no longer in existence

5. Extinct

e. to get rid of something you do not want

6. Ignore

f.

1. f

2. e

3. a

the mixture of gases that surrounds the earth
4. b

5. d

6.c

II. Find the word which is different from the others in the position of primary stress.
1. atmosphere /ˈætməsfɪə(r)/balance

deforestation /ˈætməsfɪə(r)/fertilizer /ˈfɜːtəlaɪzə(r)/

2. extinct /ɪkˈstɪŋkt/

emission /iˈmɪʃn/

3. ignore

infectious /ɪnˈfekʃəs/ severe /sɪˈvɪə(r)/

balance

4. sparingly /ˈspeərɪŋli/

severe

atmosphere

fertiliser

severe

infectious

extinct

sparingly

atmosphere

severe

ignore

fertilizer

5. greenhouse /ˈɡriːnhaʊs/ suspect /səˈspekt/
6. footprint

/ˈfʊtprɪnt/

7. emission

ignore

ecological /ˌiːkəˈlɒdʒɪkl/

III Complete the sentences using the given words.
trap

greenhouse gases infectious deforestation

fertilisers

ecological

1. Carbon dioxide is one of the primary … greenhouse gases.. that cause global warming.
2. Climate change may lead to the extinction of many species and upset the … ecological..
balance. (upset (v): làm phá vỡ)
3. It's the greenhouse gases that … trap.. heat from the sun and the process makes the earth
become hotter and hotter.
4. Global warming has serious implications for all aspects of human life, including …
infectious.. diseases. (have serious implications: có những tác động nghiêm trọng)

2


5. Most … fertilisers.. that are commonly used in agriculture contain the three basic plant
nutrients: nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. (potassium: kali)
6. If …deforestation.. continues at current rates, scientists estimate nearly 80 to 90% of tropical
rainforest ecosystems will be destroyed by the year 2020.
IV. Match the word and its definition.
A

B

1. Lawmaker

A. a long period of time when there is little or no rain

2. Harvest

B. a lack of food during a long period of time in a region

3. Famine

C. a person in government who makes the laws of a country

4. Drought

D. the process of removing dirt, pollution, or things that are
considered bad or immoral from a place

5. Clean-up

E. the time of year when the crops are gathered in on a farm,
etc.; the act of cutting and gathering crops

1. C

2. F

3. B

4. A

5. D

V. Find the word which is different from the others in the position of primary stress.
1. lawmaker

issue /ˈɪʃuː/

harvest /ˈha:vɪst/

diversity /daɪˈvɜːsəti/

2. famine /ˈfæmɪn/

related

disrupt /dɪsˈrʌpt/

absorb /əbˈzɔːb/

3. awareness

capture /ˈkæptʃə(r)/ related /rɪˈleɪtɪd/

diversity

4. absorb

catastrophic /ˌkætəˈstrɒfɪk/ disrupt /dɪsˈrʌpt/

awareness

5. climate /ˈklaɪmət/

clean-up

related

/əˈweənəs/

famine

VI. Complete the sentences using the given words.
catastrophic

diversity

absorb

heat-related

climate change

1. Although global warming is causing changes in weather pattern, it is only one aspect of
……… climate change ……
2. As global temperatures rise, there are more cases of … heat-related … diseases.
3. The effects of climate change on humans and nature are … catastrophic ….
4. We need preserve the … diversity …… of wildlife because each species has an important
role to play.
5. Planting trees can contribute to reducing global warming as trees capture and …… absorb …
CO2 in the air.
3


VII. Match the two halves to make a meaningful sentence.
A

B

10. Having offended him,

J. they put their plan into action.

11. She apologized him

K. she gave him a heartfelt apology.

12. Having made all necessary

L. for having offended him.

preparations,
13. Linda admitted

M. having upset her best friend.

14. Having offended him,

N. they put their plan into action.

15.Having finished typing and

O. she is now preparing for it.

editing the report,
16.She really regretted

P. we now suffer from catastrophic man-made
environmental disasters.

17.Having been called for an

Q. e pressed "Ctr + P" to print it.

interview,
18.Having treated the environment
unkindly,

R. having missed the opportunity to work in this
company.
3- 1- 2- 4 8-9-6-7

VIII. Decide whether the underlined part in the following sentences is Gerund, Perfect
Gerund, Past participle or Perfect Participle.
1. She thanked me for having helped her a lot when she was in trouble.
A. Gerund

B. Perfect gerund

C. Past participle D. Perfect participle

2. Having smoked cigarettes for years, he was diagnosed with lung cancer.
A. Gerund

B. Perfect gerund

C. Past participle D. Perfect participle

3. Having drunk contaminated water from a nearby river, lots of people in this village suffer
from cancers.
A. Gerund

B. Perfect gerund

C. Past participle D. Perfect participle

4. She always smiles whenever she mentions having met the President of the USA.
4


A. Gerund

B. Perfect gerund

C. Past participle D. Perfect participle

5. My boss is considering investing more money in building new five-star hotels and resorts.
A. Gerund

B. Perfect gerund

C. Past participle D. Perfect participle

6. Having missed important lectures on alternative energy, she couldn't finish her oral test on
this subject.
A. Gerund

B. Perfect gerund

C. Past participle D. Perfect participle

7. Every member of the team praised him for having helped the team win the championship.
A. Gerund

B. Perfect gerund

C. Past participle D. Perfect participle

8. Having experienced a sharp decline in profits, the company has to dismiss a large number of
employees.
A. Gerund

B. Perfect gerund

C. Past participle D. Perfect participle

IX. Choose the sentences that are closest in meaning to the given sentence(s).
1. Before we came to Lam's party, we had bought some flowers.
A. Having came to Lam's party, we bought some flowers.
B. Having bought some flowers, we came to Lam's party.
C. After we came to Lam's party, we bought some flowers.
2. After I had had my dinner, I invited Linda for a walk.
A. I invited Linda for a walk. Then, we had dinner.
B. Before I had my dinner, I had invited Linda for a walk.
C. Having had my dinner, I invited Linda for a walk.
3. After she had spent the whole month studying the effects of deforestation, she collected
enough data.
A. She had collected enough data but she still spent the whole month studying the effects of
deforestation.
B. Having spent the whole month studying the effects of deforestation, she collected
enough data.
C. After she collected enough data, she spent the whole month studying the effects of
deforestation.
4. He risked his own life to rescue a girl from drowning. He was really admired for that.
A. He was really admired for having risked his own life to rescue a girl from drowning.
5


B. Because he was really admirable, he risked his own life to rescue a girl from drowning.
C. He had been really admired before he risked his own life to rescue a girl from drowning.
5. Since the local authorities had failed to manage water resources efficiently, they had to deal
with water shortages.
A. The local authorities had to deal with water management and water shortages at the same
time.
B. Having had to deal with water shortages, the local authorities failed to manage water
resources efficiently.
C. Having failed to manage water resources efficiently, the local authorities had to deal
with water shortages.
6. Tom broke his promise to keep my secret. He apologised for that.
A. Having broken his promise to keep my secret, he apologises for that.
B. Tom apologised to me for having broken his promise to keep my secret.
C. When Tom breaks his promise to keep my secret, he apologises for that.
7. Lan has come up with creative solutions for dealing with air pollution. We praise her for that.
A. Lan is praised for having come up with creative solutions for dealing with air pollution.
B. After Lan came up with creative solutions for dealing with air pollution, we praised her for
that.
C. Having come up with creative solutions for dealing with air pollution, we praised her for that.
8. Because farmers had been told about the dangers of chemical fertilisers, they turned to biofertilisers.
A. After farmers used bio-fertilisers, they had been told about the dangers of chemical
fertilisers.
B. Before farmers were told about the dangers of chemical fertilisers, they had turned to biofertilisers.
C. Having been told about the dangers of chemical fertilisers, farmers turned to biofertiliser.
X. Rewrite each sentence so that it has similar meaning to the given sentence(s). Use the
perfect gerund or perfect participle.
1. As he had drunk too much beer, he didn't drive home himself.
 Having drunk too much beer, he didn't drive home himself.

6


2. The students in group 11A planted the most trees in the schoolyard. They were praised for
that.
 The students in group 11A were praised for having planted the most trees in the
schoolyard.
Hoặc: Having planted the most trees in the schoolyard, the students in group 11A were
praised
3. After we had visited the museum, we decided to have lunch in the park.
 Having visited the museum, we decided to have lunch in the park.
4. Someone had dumped tons of untreated toxic waste into the river. The police suspected FYK
company of doing it.
 The police suspected FYK company of having dumped tons of untreated toxic waste into
the river.
Hoặc: FYK company was suspected of having dumped tons of untreated toxic waste into the
river by the police.
5. After we had locked the door carefully, we went to bed.
 Having locked the door carefully, we went to bed.
6. We have done three tests today, so we are really tired.
 Having done three tests today, we are really tired.
7. She said that she would take responsibility for the project's progress. But then she denied that.
 She denied having said that she would take responsibility for the project's progress.
8. She had not slept for two days; therefore, she wasn't able to concentrate.
 Having not slept for two days, she wasn't able to concentrate.
XI. Reorder the words to make complete sentences.
1. decided/ major/ considered/ medicine./ in/ Having/ carefully,/ she
 Having considered carefully, she decided to major in medicine.
2. having/ The/ fire./ were/ started/ punished/ a/ for/ boys
 The boys were punished for having started a fire.
3. around/ the/ omagined/ having/ She/ travelled/ world.
 She imagined having travelled around the world.
4. are/ Having/ about/ protect/ now/ read/ to/ we/ eager/ stories/ environment./ man-made/
disasters,/ the

7


 Having read stories about man-made disasters, we are now eager to protect the
environment.
5. forests,/ suffering/ Having/ cut/ effects./ down/ the/ from/ local/ people/ its/ are/ now.
 Having cut down the forests, local people are now suffering from its effects
6. remember/ bag/ my/ gone./ having/ here,/ I/ it’s/ left/ now
 I remember having left my bag here, but now it's gone.
7. you/ my/ daughter/ the/ in/ flood./ having/ saved/ for/ Thank
 Thank you for having saved my daughter in the flood.
8. friends/ Having/ we/ are/ longer/ character,/ now/ no/ his/ true/ realized
 Having realized his true character, we are now no longer friends.

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