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Modern japanese workbook


Modern
JAPANESE
Grammar
WORKBOOK
The Modern Japanese Grammar Workbook is an innovative book of exercises and
language tasks for all learners of Japanese. The book is divided into two parts:
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The Modern Japanese Grammar Workbook is an ideal practice tool for learners
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WHICHISALSOPUBLISHEDBY2OUTLEDGE
Naomi H. McGloin is Professor of Japanese Language and Linguistics at the
5NIVERSITYOF7ISCONSIN
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Mutsuko Endo Hudson is Professor of Japanese Language and Linguistics at
-ICHIGAN3TATE5NIVERSITY
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Fumiko NazikianIS3ENIOR,ECTURERAND$IRECTOROFTHE*APANESE,ANGUAGE
0ROGRAMAT#OLUMBIA5NIVERSITY
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Tomomi KakegawaIS!SSOCIATE0ROFESSOROF*APANESEATTHE5NIVERSITYOF
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53!


Routledge Modern Grammars
3ERIESCONCEPTANDDEVELOPMENTn3ARAH"UTLER


Other books in the series
Modern Mandarin Chinese Grammar
Modern Mandarin Chinese Grammar Workbook
Modern French Grammar, Second Edition
Modern French Grammar Workbook, Second Edition
Modern German Grammar, Second Edition
Modern German Grammar Workbook, Second Edition
Modern Italian Grammar, Third Edition
Modern Italian Grammar Workbook, Second Edition
Modern Brazilian Portuguese Grammar
Modern Brazilian Portuguese Grammar Workbook
Modern Russian Grammar
Modern Russian Grammar Workbook
Modern Spanish Grammar, Third Edition
Modern Spanish Grammar Workbook, Third Edition


Modern

JAPANESE
Grammar

WORKBOOK
Naomi H. McGloin
Mutsuko Endo Hudson
Fumiko Nazikian
Tomomi Kakegawa

ROUTLEDGE

Routledge

Taylor Francis Group

NEW YORK AND LONDON


First published 2014
by Routledge
2 Park Square, Milton Park, Abingdon, Oxon OX14 4RN
and by Routledge
711 Third Avenue, New York, NY 10017
Routledge is an imprint of the Taylor & Francis Group, an informa business
© 2014 Naomi H. McGloin, Mutsuko Endo Hudson, Fumiko Nazikian and Tomomi Kakegawa
The right of Naomi H. McGloin, Mutsuko Endo Hudson, Fumiko Nazikian and Tomomi
Kakegawa to be identified as authors of this work has been asserted by them in accordance
with sections 77 and 78 of the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988.
All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reprinted or reproduced or utilised in any
form or by any electronic, mechanical, or other means, now known or hereafter invented,
including photocopying and recording, or in any information storage or retrieval system,
without permission in writing from the publishers.
Trademark notice: Product or corporate names may be trademarks or registered trademarks,
and are used only for identification and explanation without intent to infringe.
British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data
A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library
Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data
A catalog record for this book has been requested
ISBN: 978-0-415-27093-9 (pbk)
ISBN: 978-0-203-64127-9 (ebk)
Typeset in ITC Stone Serif
by Graphicraft Limited, Hong Kong


Contents
Introduction
Notes on romanization
Acknowledgments

v

ix
x
xi

Part A Structures

1

1

Introduction: major features of Japanese grammar

3

2

Pronunciation

6

3

Writing system

8

4

Words

10

5

Sentences and sentence patterns

11

6

Register and style

12

7

Nouns and noun phrases

14

8

Pronouns

15

9

Demonstratives (ko-so-a(-do) words)

17

10 Particles

19

11 Topic marker wa

24

12 Verbs

26

13 Adjectives

32

14 Adverbs

35

15 Negation

37

16 Numbers and classifiers

41

17 Compounds

44

18 Formal nouns

46

19 Auxiliary verbs

51


CONTENTS

vi

20 The causative construction

53

21 The passive construction

56

22 Conjunctions and connectives

58

23 Temporal clauses

61

24 Conditional clauses

62

25 Relative (noun-modifying) clauses

64

26 Complement clauses

67

27 Tense and aspect

69

28 Evidential markers

72

29 Honorifics (keigo)

74

Part B Functions

77

30 Social interaction

79

31 Basic communication strategies

86

32 Questions

90

33 Reporting

92

34 Asking and giving personal information

94

35 Identifying

97

36 Telling the time, dates, etc.

98

37 Describing people, places, states and conditions

101

38 Comparisons

107

39 Contrast

110

40 Location and distance

112

41 Possession

115

42 Gifts

117

43 Kind acts

118

44 Experience

120

45 Intentions and plans

121

46 Temporal relations

123

47 Explanation, reason and purpose

126


Contents

vii

48 Cause and effect

128

49 Describing procedures

130

50 Changes

131

51 Expressing abilities

133

52 Needs

135

53 Possibility and probability

137

54 Certainty and uncertainty

139

55 Provisions, conditions, and hypotheses

140

56 Understanding and knowing

142

57 Remembering and forgetting

144

58 General comments on the adjectives of emotions
and sensations

146

59 Gratitude

147

60 Apologies and forgiveness

149

61 Empathy

153

62 Likes and dislikes

154

63 Desires and preferences

156

64 Hopes and wishes

159

65 Joy and sorrow

160

66 Fear or worry

162

67 Distress and regret

164

68 Surprise

167

69 Hunger, thirst, and fatigue

169

70 Pain or discomfort

171

71 Satisfaction and dissatisfaction

173

72 Advice and suggestions

176

73 Requests

178

74 Offers and invitations

181

75 Orders (commands)

184

76 Directions and instructions

185


CONTENTS

77 Confirmation

187

78 Permission

189

79 Prohibition

191

80 Obligation and duty

193

81 Complaints

196

82 Compliments

199

83 Promises and warnings

202

84 Opinions

204

85 Agreement, disagreement and indifference

206

86 Choosing and deciding

209

87 Shopping

211

88 Ordering

213

89 Reservation

216

Answer key
Index

219
260

viii


Introduction
The Modern Japanese Grammar Workbook ISACOMPANIONTOModern Japanese
Grammar: A Practical Guide
ANDISDESIGNEDTOHELPYOUTOSTRENGTHENYOUR
COMMANDOF*APANESE)TCANBEUSEDALONGSIDEA*APANESETEXTBOOKIN
AREGULARLANGUAGEPROGRAM
ORASREVIEWMATERIALFORINDEPENDENTSTUDY
4HE!NSWER+EYATTHEENDOFTHEBOOKALLOWSYOUTOCHECKYOURANSWERSAS
YOUWORKTHROUGHTHEEXERCISES
The exercises in the WorkbookFOCUSONSTRUCTURESIN0ART!@3TRUCTURES
AND
COMMUNICATIONIN0ART"@&UNCTIONS)TWILLBEAGOODIDEATOWORKFROM
0ART!IFYOUCANIDENTIFYSPECIlCPOINTSONWHICHYOUNEEDPRACTICE
SUCHAS
PARTICLES
TRANSITIVE
INTRANSITIVEVERBS
THEPASSIVECONSTRUCTION
EVIDENTIAL
MARKERSEGyou @SEEM
ANDHONORIlCSkeigo0ART"ISORGANIZEDACCORDING
TOLANGUAGEUSEINPARTICULARSITUATIONS(EREYOUCANPRACTICEWAYSOFDOING
THINGS

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