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KEY de THI THPTQG 2017 so 1

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ĐỀ LUYỆN TẬP SỐ 1
KEY
*** Mọi vấn đề các em liên hệ:
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Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part
differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.
Question 1.
A. sender
B. complete
C. penalty
D. bedroom
Question 2.
A. reformed
B. sacrificed
C. dissolved
D. ploughed
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the
other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions

Question 3.
A. mathematics
B. history
C. literature
D. physics
Question 4.
A. economy
B. village
C. interest
D. industry
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs
correction in each of the following questions
Question 5.
Supposed that (A) you failed (B) your driving test, would (C) you take (D) it again?
 SUPPOSE/SUPPOSING THAT: giả sử như
Question 6.
I often look into (A) new words in (B) the dictionary whenever (C) I don’t know their
meanings (D)
 LOOK UP: tra cứu
Question 7.
When I came (A) to the theatre, I saw a handsome American young (B) man
standing (C) on the stage (D)
 A HANDSOME YOUNG AMERICAN : trật tự của tính từ

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the
following questions
Question 8.
The harder you work,_______________you‟ll pass the exam.
A. the best
B. the worst
C. the better
D. the worse
So sánh kép :
THE + so sánh hơn + S +V , THE + so sánh hơn + S + V
Question 9.
Our school _____ about 600 new students every year.
A. admits
B. allows
C. accepts
D. gets

ADMIT: chấp nhận cho ai đó tham gia, thường vào các trường hoặc tổ chức
Question 10. There___________ a number of reasons for the fall of the Roman Empire.
A. are said to have been
B. said to be
C. are said being
D. was said being
Bị động với các động từ trần thuật.
S + be + Pii (reporting Vs) + to V(hiện tại) / to have Pii (quá khứ).
Question 11. Let’s go to the beach - it’s___________ a day to sit indoors.
A. nice enough
B. too nice
C. so nice
D. such nine
IT’s + TOO + adj + A/AN + N + to V: cái gì đó quá tốt để có thể….
Question 12. I don‟t like _____ when I am not there.
A. criticizing
B. being criticized
C. to criticize
D. to be criticized
Like + Being + Pii: thích BỊ làm gì.
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Question 13.
A. am
Điều kiện loại II.

If I__________________in her position, I could turn down the job.
B. had been
C. will be

D. were

Question 14.

I thought you said she was going away the next Sunday,_______ ?
A. wasn't it
B. didn't you
C. wasn't she
D. didn't I
I think/we think + S + V  câu hỏi đuôi ở vế sau.
Question 15. I_______ my hand to draw her attention but she took no _______ of me.
A. waved/ notice
B. shook/ noticed
C. waved/ attention
D. shook/ attention
Wave hand : vẫy tay
Take notice of: chú ý tới.
Question 16. These days everybody is aware _______the danger of smoking.
A. up
B. of
C. on
D. with
Be aware of : nhận thức về.
Question 17. I can’t speak English, _______
A. neither can she
B. she can’t either
C. she can’t too
D. A & B are correct
Đồng tình dạng phủ định:
S + auxiliary+ not + either = Neither + auxiliary + S
Question 18. Gestures such as waving and handshaking are forms of _______ communication.
A. direct
B. regular
C. verbal
D. non-verbal
Non-verbal: không sử dụng lời nói.
Question 19. When Mr.Kim needs a car, he uses _______
A. his son’s
B. that one of his son
C. car of his son
D. he son’s own car
His son’s: của con trai anh ấy -> đã lược bỏ danh từ CAR vì đã được đề cập.

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response to
complete each of the following exchanges

Question 20.

Jane:

Thank you for a lovely evening.

Barbara: _______
A. You are welcome
B. Have a good day
C. Thanks
Question 21. A: ___________________________________
B: Oh, thank you. I just got it yesterday.
A. When have you got this beautiful dress?
B. You’ve just bought this beautiful dress, haven’t you?
C. How a beautiful dress you’re wearing!
D. That’s a beautiful dress you have on!
Đó là cái váy rất đẹp mà bạn có đấy.

D. Cheer!

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning
to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions
Question 22. Tourists today flock to see the two falls that actually constitute Niagara falls.
A. come by plane
B. come in large numbers
C. come out of boredom
D. come without knowing what they will see
Flock : di chuyển với số đông
Question 23. A lack of qualifications can be a major obstacle to finding a job.
A.impediment
B. encouragement
C. impetus
D. assistance
Cản trở
động viên
khích lệ
trợ giúp
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in
meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions
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Question 24.

Children must sit on an parent’s lap unless an empty seat is available.
A. unoccupied
B. booked
C. disused
D. abandoned
Booked : đã được đặt chỗ.
Question 25. Smoking has been banned in public places in some countries.
A. made legal
B. limited
C. restricted
D. given way
Ban: cấm đoán # made legal: làm cho đúng pháp luật.
(câu này thầy bị sai đề nhé)

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in
meaning to each of the following questions.
Question 26. "Shall I make you a coffee?" the girl said to the man.
A. The girl wanted to make a coffee for the man.
B. The girl was asked to make a coffee for the man.
C. The girl promised to make a coffee for the man.
D. The girl offered to make a coffee for the man
Offer to V: đề xuất làm gì đó cho ai.
Question 27. “I was not there at the time,” he said.
A. He denied to have been there at the time.
B. He denied that he had not been there at the time.
C. He denied to be there at the time.
D. He denied having been there at the time.
Deny + Ving: phủ nhận đã làm gì.
Question 28. No matter how hard he tried, Mike could not make sense of his economics textbook.
A. Mike could not understand his economics textbook because he hardly tried to at all.
B. In spite of his efforts, Mike was unable to understand the contents of his economics textbook.
C. If Mike had studied harder, he would have been able to comprehend what was in his economics
textbook.
D. It was impossible for Mike to understand his economics textbook without making a great effort.
Effort: nỗ lực.
Mặc dù đã nỗ lực, Mike vẫn không thể hiểu nội dung của cuốn sách kinh tế.

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines
each pair of sentences in the following questions.
Question 29. Mary was sick. She didn’t leave the meeting until it ended.
A. In spite of the fact that Mary’s sickness, she didn’t leave the meeting until it ended.
B. Mary didn’t leave the meeting until it ended despite she was sick.
C. When the meeting ended, Mary left because she was sick.
D. Though sick, Mary didn’t leave the meeting until it ended.
THOUGH +adj : mặc dù như nào.
Mặc dù bị ốm, Mary không rời buổi họp tới tận khi nó kết thúc
Question 30. She heard the news of the death of her mother. She fainted.
A. On hearing the news of her dead mother, she fainted.
B. She fainted and then she heard the news of the death of her mother.
C. She fainted so she heard the news of the death of her mother.
D. On hearing the news of her mother’s death, she fainted.
ON + Ving , S + V -> chủ ngữ 2 vế phải là 1.
Khi nghe tin mẹ mất, cô ấy đã ngất đi.

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate
the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 31 to 35.

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However objective we believe ourselves to be, most of us do not judge a product solely on its merits,
considering quality, value and style before making a decision. (31)___, we are easily influenced by the
people around us.
There is nothing (32)____ with this. It is probably a smarter way to make decisions than (33)___ on only
our own opinions. But it does make life hard for companies. They have long understood that groups of
friends and relatives tend to buy the same products, but understanding the reasons has been tricky. It is
because they are so similar with (34)____ to how much money they make and what television ads they
watch that they independently (35)___ at the same decision
Question 31. A. What’s more
B. Instead
C. Unlike
D. In place
Thêm vào đó
thay vì đó
không giống như thay thế
Question 32. A. wrong
B. silly
C. bad
D. daft
Wrong with: có vấn đề.
Question 33. A. basing
B. trusting
C. supposing
D. relying
Rely + ON : tin tưởng vào.
Question 34. A. connection
B. regard
C. relation
D. concern
With regard to smt: đề cấp tới cái gì.
Question 35. A. reach
B. come
C. arrive
D. get
Arrive AT smt: đạt đến cái gì.
= Come TO smt

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate
the correct answer to each of the questions from 36 to 42.
PHOBIAS CONTROL THE EYES
People with an overpowering fear of something may not be able to consciously control the direction of
their gaze when faced with a picture that provokes that fear. Those with a fear of spiders, or
arachnophobia, may not be able to avoid looking toward a spider in the grass, while those without the fear
can. To reach this finding, 26 college students - half of whom had arachnophobia - were outfitted with a
device that tracks eye movements. The participants were then shown a four-by-four grid of flowers on a
computer screen, where a picture of a grey-brown spider and a grey-brown mushroom each occupied one
space on the grid.
In one trial, the students were asked to press the spacebar when they spotted a mushroom, but to ignore
any spiders. In a second, the students were asked to press the key when they saw the spider, but to avoid
looking at mushrooms. When instructed to ignore the spider and spot the mushroom, the students with
arachnophobia could not avoid looking at the spider - causing them to notice the mushroom three-tenths
of a second more slowly than the control group. Additionally, when the students were asked to search for
the spider, the arachnophobic students found the spider and pressed the space bar about three-tenths of a
second more quickly than the non-phobic students.
These findings show that the attention processes of people with a powerful fear of spiders may be beyond
their conscious control. This suggests that treatments that focus on conscious thought processes may not
work for such phobias. Instead, therapists could focus on treatments such as systematic desensitization.
Question 36. What can we infer that the word phobia means?
A. a new type of spider
B. a fear of something
C. a scientific experiment
D. the name of a flower
PHOBIA : nối ám ảnh.
Question 37. Why was the device to track eye movement needed?
A. to make sure the students were looking at the computer screen
B. to move the spider’s location around
C. to verify where the students were looking
D. to make the students look only in one place
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were outfitted with a device that tracks eye movements  thiệt bị này dùng để theo dõi sự
chuyển động của con mắt
Question 38. What do the results of the experiment tell us about people with phobias?
A. They should always avoid the object of their fear.
B. They don’t have to try to change their thoughts.
C. They can’t consciously choose how to react to the feared object.
D. All of the above
These findings show that the attention processes of people with a powerful fear of spiders may
be beyond their conscious control
Question 39. It can be inferred that provokes in paragraph I is closest in meaning to___________.
A. eases
B. treats
C. reminds
D. causes
Provoke = cause: gây ra.
Question 40. It can be inferred that spotted in paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to___________ .
A. ignored
B. feared
C. saw
D. instructed
Spot = see: nhìn, ngắm cái gì.
Question 41. The word their in paragraph 3 refers to ___________ .
A. findings
B. processes
C. spiders
D. none of the above
THEIR ở đây là những người có chứng ám ảnh.
Question 42. What is the purpose of the passage?
A. to prove that phobias are a myth
B. to help people with phobias
C. to relate research findings about phobias affecting eye control
D. to relate research findings about phobias controlling eyesight.

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate
the correct answer to each of the questions from 43 to 50
One of the seven wonders of the ancient world, the Great Pyramid of Giza was a monument of wisdom and
prophecy built as a tomb for Pharaoh Cheops in 2720 B.C . Despite its antiquity, certain aspects of its
construction makes it one of the truly wonders of the world. The thirteen- acre structure near the Nile river
is a solid mass of stone blocks covered with limestone. Inside are the number of hidden passageways and
the burial chamber of the Pharaoh. It is the largest single structure in the world. The four sides of the
pyramid are aligned almost exactly on true north, south, east and west-an incredible engineering feat. The
ancient Egyptians were sun worshippers and great astronomers, so computations for the Great Pyramid
were based on astronomical observations.
Explorations and detailed examinations of the base of the structure reveal many intersecting lines. Further
scientific study indicates that these represent a type of timeline of events – past, present and future. Many
of the events have been interpreted and found to coincide with known facts of the past. Others are
prophesied for future generations and are currently under investigation. Many believe that pyramids have
supernatural powers and this one is no exception. Some researchers even associate it with extraterrestrial
beings of ancient past. Was this superstructure made by ordinary beings, or one built by a race far superior
to any known today?
Question 43. On what did the ancient Egyptians base their calculations?
A. Observation of the celestial bodies
B. Advanced technology
C. Advanced tools of measurement
D. knowledge of the earth‟s surface
so computations for the Great Pyramid were based on astronomical observations.
Celestial bodies: các thực thể vũ trụ
Question 44. What has research of the base revealed?
A. there are cracks in the foundation
B. The lines represent important events
C. Tomb robbers have stolen the Pharaoh’s body
D. A superior race of people built in
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Explorations and detailed examinations of the base of the structure reveal many intersecting
lines. Further scientific study indicates that these represent a type of timeline of events – past,
present and future
Nghiên cứu nền móng của kim tự tháp  các đườn chéo giao nhau -> có vẻ như là dòng thời
gian của các sự kiện
Question 45. Extraterrestrial beings are___.
A. living beings from other planets
B. astronomers in the ancient times
C. researchers in Egyptology
D. very strong workers
Extraterrestrial beings: người ngoài hành tinh
Question 46. What was the most probable reason for providing so many hidden passages ?
A. To allow the weight of the pyramid to settle evenly
B. To permit the high priests to pray at night
C. To enable the Pharaoh‟s family to bring food for his journey to the afterlife
D. To keep grave robbers from finding the tomb and the treasure buried with the pharaoh
Question 47. In the second passage , the word “prophesied‟ is closest in meaning to ____.
A. affiliated
B. precipitated
C. terminated
D. foretold
Question 48. Why is the Great Pyramid of Giza considered one of the seven wonders of the world?
A. It is perfectly aligned with the four cardinal points of the compass and contains many prophecies
B. It was selected of the tomb of Pharaoh Cheops
C. It was built by a super race
D. It is very old
Question 49. The word feat in the first paragraph is closet in meaning to ____.
A. accomplishment
B. Appendage
C. festivity
D. structure
Question 50. What do the intersecting lines in the base symbolize?
A. Architects’ plan for the hidden passages
B. Pathways of the great solar bodies
C. Astrological computations
D. Dates of important events taking place throughout time

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