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TOEIC 730 training reading comprehension 730 (ebook)

TOEIC


TOEICTRAINING
READINGCOMPREHENSION

730
ParkSeong-Uk

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Foreword
- a standardised
test givingreliable
Communication
TheTOEICTest- Testof Englishfor International
levels.lt
advanced
and
businessEnglish,at intermediate
results,measuresproficiencyin international
of non-nativespeakers.TheTOEICtest
providesan accuratemeasurement
of.theEnglishcapabilities
proficiency
businessEnglish.
grammar
in international
measuresand certifieslistening,readingand
The TOEIGtests:
. Helpbusinesses
builda moreeffectiveworkforce.Thereis, nowadays,a highdemandfromleading
effectivelyin English.Thatis, employeesmust
globalcorporations
for employeesto communicate
acrossbordersand cultureswith co-workersand clients.
be ableto communicate
. Allowemployers
transfersdependingon job seekers'qualifito makehiringdecisions,promotions,
cationsand Englishlanguageproficiency.
. Enableuniversities
workplace.
to betterpreparestudentsfor the international
and job seekersaroundthe worldtrustTOEICscoresto helpthemget aheadof
In brief,organizations

the competition.
manystudentsfind it hardto achievethe
and unfortunately,
TOEICis a verychallengingexamination,
questions
use many challengingwords, so
scorethey need.One reasonfor this is that the TOEIC
numberof businessvocabularyitems.The other reasonis that TOEIC
studentsneeda considerable
withthistype
questionschallengestudentsin a verylogicalmanner.Manystudentsarenot comfortable
of thinking,whichcan makethe testverychallenging.
scoreis above700 points,a good scoreis
The maximumscoreon TOEICis 990 points.A reasonable
anythingabove900 points,and a greatscoreis anythingabove900 points.
Beingawareof the practicaldemandof learners,we havedesignedthe seriesTOEICRCand LC - 730
and 860 whosequestionsare takenfrom the most recentTOEICtests with the aim of helpingthose
700 - 900 points.Thisseriesof booksis hopefullya
who wantto achievethe scoreof approximately
of an instructoror for self-study.
verybeneficialandrewardingmaterialfor classusewiththe assistance
Tips to help you prepanefor the TOEICtests:
. Listento music- Musichelpsyou acquirethe rhythmand stresspatternsof spokenEnglish.
o Listento the radio and watch TV and films - Thishelpsyou pick up the language,and does not
boreyou either!
. Usethe language- Set asidehalfan houreachdayto communicate
onlyin English.lf you can't
: do this faceto face,sendregulare-mailmessages.
. Read - Readingis the best way to improveyour vocabulary.Read newspapers,magazines,
websites,novels,and non-fictionbooks.Choosesomethingthat genuinelyinterestsyou and isn't
too challenging.
o Write- Trykeepinga dailyjournalwhereyou can practiseusingnewwordsand expressions.
This
helpsreinforcesentencestructuresand vocabulary.
Thereareno shortcuts- the onlywayto get a highscoreis by workinghard,practisingconstantlyand
patiently
to improveyourEnglishabilities.
Mayyou soonachieveyourdesiredgoal!

ParkSeong-Uk


TestFormat
TOEIC
There are two separateTOEICtests: traditionalListeningand Readingtest and additionalWriting and
Speakingtest. These two types of TOEIC test are administeredindependentlyand thus you need to
register,pay fee for them separatelyand get separatetest score reports. Check with your employer/
company or your university/collegewhat type of TOEICscore report they want (Listeningand Reading
only or both tests) beforetaking the test. Also check with the test site if they offer Writing and Speaking
test. Technologyrequiresyou to have all 4 Englishlanguageskills for workplacesuccess.
TOEIC Listening and Reading Test
The TOEIC Listeningand Readingtest is a paper-and-pencil,multiple-choiceassessment.There are 2
timed sectionsof 100 questionseach.
Sectionl: Listening
teleconferencListeningskillsare requiredfor face-to-facecommunication,meetings,videoconferencing,
ing, podcastsand telephoneconversations.
Test takers listen to a variety of questions and short conversationsrecorded in English,then answer
questionsbased on what they have heard (100 items in total).
o Part 1: Photographs
o Part 2: Question& Response
o Part 3: Short Conversations
r Part 4: Short Talks
Sectionll: Reading
Readingskills are requiredfor e-mail,written reports,newsletters,letters,memos, PowerPointpresentationsand otherforms of businesscommunication.
Testtakers read a variety of materialsand answer 100 items in total at their own pace.
o Part 5: lncompleteSentences
o Part 6:Text Completion
o Part 7: ReadingComprehension
Test Length
The test takes approximately2Yzhours, with:
o 45 minutesfor Section I
o 75 minutesfor Sectionll
. score scale:5 - 495 for each section (10 - 990 for both)
. approximately30 minutesto answer biographicalquestions


Contents
TRAINING
coURsT A STUDYING
TYPES
OFQUESTIONS
PARTS546 learningKeyPoints
point16 Prepositionsof time .........................
Learning
62

UNIT1 Choosing
therightwordclass
point 1 Nouns
Learning
point 2 Adjectives
Learning
point 3 Adverbs
Learning

UNIT2 Verbforms
point 4 Verb forms
Learning
point 5 Verb tenses
Learning

point17 Prepositionsof place ....."..
Learning
........ 6g

...............
.........
..1o

point18 Other prepositions.....
Learning
64
.......................

i6
....................
......................
. r7

UNIT6 Pronouns
point
pronouns
Learning
19 Personal
......,...................,.7
point20 Otherpronouns/determiners...
zg
.................,.30Learning
3'1
..............

UNIT7 Relativepronouns/adverbs

point 6 Active & Passive..................................
Learning
s2
point21 Relativepronouns..........................
Learning
Bl
point 7 Subject-verbagreement.............
Learning
sg
Learningpoint22 Relativeadverbs ..........
82
.......................
point 8 Subjunctive
Learning
...........
. 34

UNIT3 Verbals
point 9 Participles
Learning

. ..........
..42

point10 To-infinitives.................
Learning
......
..........
... 48
L e a r n i npgo i n 1t 1 G e r u n d s

. . . . . . . . . . . .4. .4. . .

UNITS Comparisons
point23 Comparison
Learning
of equality/
Comparative
form.........................
BB
point
Learning
24 Superlative
form..........
89
.................
UNIT9 Vocabulary

UNIT4 Conjunctions
Learningpoint13 Correlativeconjunctions ..............
s2

Learningpoint25 Vocabulary- Verbs .........,..................
96
point25 Vocabulary Nouns ......................
Learning
99
Learningpoint2T Vocabulary Adjectives ...........
102

point14 Subordinatingconjunctions... sg
Learning

Learningpoint28 Vocabulary- Adverbs . . . ........
1Os

point12 Co-ordinatingconjunctions......
Learning
51

UNIT5 Prepositions
Learningpoint15 Prepositionsof reason and
concession
....."......."....61

TRAINING
COURSE
B PRACTISING
ALLTHEPOINTSLEARNT
PARTS5&6 Practice
Tests

TRAINING
COURSEG ACTUAL
TESTS
ACTUAL
TEST1

r52
........................

ACTUALTEST2
ANSWERKEY . ...

.......,..2o7



l

-r.r...

-ll:

i : r ' , , ll:r l

}mPDtAGNosrlc rEST
rrriir,'
rrill

1.

{A}approve*
{t} appr*ving

2.

fromthe U.S.

Co. reportedthat it has receivedfinal
The NovaPharmaceutical
for its new medicine,
Foodand DrugAdministration

.::a.:a.:
'::.1::):

:i,ltl'l .

{ffi}apprcval
{Di approved

The driver'slicenseapplicationmust be filledout

--.,or it will be rejectedby the

officialin charge.

.:tilli.::,.rll'
.:...
.:a..
...:..

,.'.,,ll,l:,1.',.,

{A}eompl*t*
{ei ccrnplet*d

,:: tltl,iil
i:,rti tl':

. ..rrll:,1:ll'll'::'
.,r.,il]'tL

{B}cernrpletes

' ' : ' l ' ,.

must obtain writtenpermissionin advancefrom the
3. All ' ." "" to the laboratory
SecurityDepartment.

ffi visiting
{ei vlsit
4.

Mr. Taylorstated that it was a
withinone week'stime.
{A}nears
{C}n*arby

,:"'.:,:::, l:i:i:itlt::,tlll

':l:,,,,,,.:
,::'lri
l"
,:4.,:.::,r,.

{ffi}vi*itatian
{D}visitcrs

impossibletask for him to completethe work
tl.::1.:,,

.::):.':':

,,,i.liiirl
.,,,.:,.):)r.

{B}neaning
{D)nearly

The securityguardsmust endurea periodof intense-'
learneveryaspectof theirjob as well as possible.
'.:t))::,"
.,..".

::Ll

{D}ccmpietely

{A}formai

{ R} f*r ming

{*}form*d

{D}formally

trainingso that they can

., "' .,.,,,,.",t.,,,,,,,'rt
. .,rt,lt:t,t:lirlr",u]:,

..,a:::a:..'.:::.:.::..::::.,
:::::tt:i.::::' ::.:::.:.:.

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.


Studying
Typesof Questions
Generally,
thereare3 typesof questions
related
to wordclassin sentence
questions.
completion

TYPE1-! Wordclass
(A)compete

(B)competition

(C)competitivety (D)competitive

Thiskindof questionmainlyfocuseson wordsof the samefamily:(A)verb,(B)noun,(C)adverb,(D)
adjective.To choosethe correctoption,you needto understandthe functionof each part of speech
and lookat the positionof the missingwordin the sentence.
,

themeaning
WfVpE
el Wordclass+ understanding
of nouns
W";...-:'*--"'"*
(A)interpreter

(B)interpret

(c) interpreting

(D)interpretation

Both(A)interpreterand (D)interpretation
are nouns.So,if the missingwordneedsa noun,you haveto
distinguish
betweenthe meanings
of thesenounsto havethe rightchoice.

S
verbforms
ffifVee i Wordclass+ understanding
{A)signed

(B)signing

{C)signature

(D)to sign

Thesearethe variantsof to sign,(A)pastform,(B)presentparticiple/gerund,
(C)noun,(D)to-infinitive.
lf the missingwordneedsa verb,you haveto understand
the structureof the sentenceto havethe
rightchoiceof the verbform.


- to helpus negotiatewith an overseascompany.

We needto hirean
(A)interpreter
(C)interpreting

{B}interpret
(D)interpretation
Answ*r:{A}

TIPSTOCHOOSE
THECORRECT
OPTIONS
IN PARTS5a5
articles)
isfollowed
bya singular
countrour; the@definite
article)
canbefollowed
ffi alan (indefinite
plural.
bya countor uncount
noun,singular
or
(O),anemployment
(X)
anemployee
(O),the employment
(O)
the employee
afteranarticle(alanlthe),
themissing
wordjs notaiways
a noun,butit canbeanadjective
fr$!&| ttrighl
ora participle
given.
modifying
thencun
Thefunctions
of nouns:
, subject
Theanalysisof the lab resultsis accurate.
. objectofa verb
He showsresistanceto the proposal.
. objectof a preposition
Thedocumentwas sentto the attendees.
- complement
Theprevention
of an illnessis our priority.

Quiz 1

page?11
Answer;

------.-- in computertechnologyare giving
us a lot of advantagesand makingthings
easierfor us.
(A)Advance
{C}Advancement

(B)Advancing
(D)Advances

2.

Theresultsof recentcustomersurveysshow
a highlevelof
with our food and
services.
(A)satisfied
(C)satisfactory

(B)satisfying
{D)satisfaction


AnsrentC)

IN PARTS
THECORRECT
OPTIONS
5a6
TIPSTOCHOOSE
adjective
comesrightbeforethe nounit modifies.
O nn attributive
He won an awardfor his creatlveidea.

modff:
adiective
comesafterthewft in thesentence'tO
@ n predicative
. thesubject
Thenew publiclibraryis spacious.
. the object
Audiencesfoundthe plot too confusing.
payattention
arealsousedafterlinking
verbssuchasbecome,
seem,
look,etc.Furftermore,
t0the
Sl!@ Adjectives
structuremake/find/keep+ object+ adj.Thisadjectivemodifiesthe object.

Quiz2

Answer;page211

The company returnedthe *-----* parts and
demandedthat its money be refunded.
(A)defect
{C)defects

(B) defective
{D)defectively

2.

Thosetwo automobiles
are --------- in price,
yetthe sedanis a mr.rch
morecapablevehicle,
(A)compares
(B)comparing
(Clcomparison
(D)comparabie


Answen{C}

TIPSTOCHOOSE
THECORRECT
OPTIONS
IN PARTS5&6
modifyverbsor adjectives.
Q AOverbs
. Modifyingan adjective
He is largelyresponsiblefor the increasein sales.
. Modiffinga verb
You shouldspeakclearlywhenyou call.
CM

Alsopayattention
to adverbs
at thebeginning
of a sentence
to modiffthewhotesentence,
likeGeneratty,

phraseor anotheradverb,too.
subject+ verb... An adverbcan modifya prepositional

adrrerbs
@ Confusable
. late/latety

The store opened late today.
The storeopenedlately.

. hard/hardty Shestudieshard.
Ste hardlystudies.
' nearlnearty Pbase oome near.
The constructionis neadyfinished.
. high/highty The bird is flyinghigrh.
He is highlysatisfiedwith his salary.

Quiz 3
1,

Answer:page211

Tinycracksin the wallscan be --------repairedwithoutgettingthe helpof a
professional.
(A)easy
(Q easier

(B) easily
{D)easiness

2.

Manyemployeeswere--------- criticalof the
mergerbetweenthe JohnsonCo. and the
RaymondGroup.
(A)highly
{B)hish
(Q height
(D)heighten


Performance-***-****are conducted
by many companiesto check their
employees'strengthsand weaknesses.

6.

(A)evaluative
(B)evaluations
(Clevaluated
{D)evaluators

The recentlyrenovatedloungeshould
improvemoraleamongthe
employeesat the company.

Aftertakingmany*--*-***-,the
organizationwas able to accurately
predictwho would win the election.
{A)survey
(B)surveys
(C)surveying
(D)surveyed

7.

The companypresident,Stephen
Jackson,
rejectedthe union's
demandsas beingtoo unreasonable.

(A)great
(B)greatness
(C)greatly
iD)greatest

(A) reportedly
(B)reporting
(C) report
(D) reports

TomPeterson,the CEO,is an --------personwho is well knownfor taking care
of his employees.

The constructionof the new ******-**was
delayeddue to a lack of funds.

(A)admire
(B)admirable
{C)admiration
{D)admirably

(A)build
(B)builder
(C)to build
(D)buitding

The championshipmatch will start
at eight o'clock this Saturday
night.

Recruitingnew employeesis neveran
issuefor the Day Com Corporationdue
to the
benefits it offers even to
its low-levelemployees.

(A)precisely
(B)preciseness
(C) precise
iD)precision

(A)attract
(B) attractive
(C) attracted
(D)attraction

Salary
are expected to be
receivedby workers every year.
(A) increase
{B}increases
(C)increasing
{D}increasingly

10. Many methodsof makingplasticsare not
safe,so their practiceis being
discouragedby environmentalists.
(A)environmentally
(B)environmental
(C)environments
{D)environmentalists


1 1 . Youhaveto becomemore*****----with
the rulesand regulationsbeforeyou start
workinghere.
(Alfamiliarity
(Blfamiliarly
{C}familiar
(D)familiarize

1 6 . The latestappliancefrom Rudolph
--------- for
Industrieshas extraordinary
capturingmorethan halfof the domestic
marketshare.
(A) potent
(B)potentiality
(C)potentially
(D)potential

12. Mr.Thompson'scompanyis the main
of dairy productsin the tri-state
region.
{A)distribution
{B)distributing
(Cldistributor
(D)to distribute

1 7 . Ms. Romanovwas promotedto a
managerialposition
afterjoining
the company.
{A)direct
{B)directly
{C)directed
(D)direction

1 3 . It was unanimouslyagreedthat Ms.
Perkins'sproposalwas the most -*-- -- .
(A)persuasive
{B) persuasively
(C) persuade
(D)persuasion

14. Meeting
the engineersnevergot
an opportunityto becomecomfortable
workingtogether.
{A)occasion
{B}occasions
{C)occasional
(Dioccasionally

15. The latesteconomic
are being
met with resistancefrom the citizens
becauseof the highertaxes they are
beingforcedto pay.
(A)reformed
(B)reformer
(C)reforms
(D) reformatory

18. Thanksto careful
the scenes
filmed on the city's streetsdid not
interruptthe flow of traffic.
(A)plan
(B)planner
(C)planning
iD) planned

1 9 . ProfessorGibbs gave an extremely
lectureto the studentswho had
assembledin the auditorium.
(A)information
(B)informative
(C) inform
(D)informer

20. In orderto be reimbursed

by the
pleasesubmit
AccountingDepartment,
all of your receiptsas soon as possible.
{A)promptly
(B) prompt
{C)promptness
(D)prompts


21. Feelfree to contact the --------- of this

n.

2€,. Mr. Stephensonreceiveda --------- on

product should you have any problems
operating it.

account of his work that helped secure
the Chambersaccount.

(A) manufactured
(B) manufacturer
(Q manufacturing
{D)manufacture

(A) promotion
(B) promotes
(Q promoted
(D)promoting

The company's headquarterscan
be reachedby taking a taxi or a
bus from the localtrain station.

27. The sales staff at the sto'reis especially
which helps increasethe
numberof repeatcustomers.

(A) easy
{B)easily
{C)ease
(D)easiness

(A)friend
{B)friendly
{C)friends
{D)friendship

DeniseSutton was chosen for the
job mostly on account of her
laboratoryexperience.

Pleasecallahed to make ----*-*-- to
ensurethat seats are availablefor the
musical.

(A)extend
(B) extensive
{Q extensions
(D)extending

(A)reserving
{B) reservations
(C) reserve
(D) reserved

EmilyRichardsonhas left *-**---*- on
how to get in touch with her while she is
on vacation.

Ms. Rhea proved herselfto be a
very ----*---- employeewhen she
single-handedlyrecruitedtwo major
customers.

(A)instruct
(B)instructing
{C)instructions
(D)instructional

(A)valuably
(B)valuable
(Clvaluing
(D)value

lf the bricksare not aligned
straight,then the work will haveto be
done again.

One possible--------- is that no one was
in the laboratorywhen the fire started.

(A) perfectly
(B) perfect
(C)perfection
(D) perfecting

(A)conclusive
(B)conclude
(Q conclusion
(D)concluding


3 1 . Most companiesdowntown have
parking facilities,so they are lobbying the
governmentto construct a multi-story
parkinggarage.
(A)limit
(B)limited
(C)limitations
{D)limits

32. Any of our employeeswho provide

exceptional--------- to the companymay
be rewardedwith a cash bonus.
(A)serve
(B) server
(C) service
(D)serving

3i|. Severalreviewersof the new novel When
the Crow Caws have called the book's
characterstoo ---------.
{A) predict
(B) predicting
{C)predictable
{D) predictably
This sale price is available-**---*-- to
current subscribersof WildlifeM'agazine.
(A)exclusiveness
(B)exclusionary
{C)exclusive
(D)exclusively

of your purchasewill be sent
to your mailingaddresswithin the next
twenty-fourhours.
(A)Confirms
(B)Confirmed
(C)Confirming
(D)Confirmation

is --------- seeking
BowrnanConstruc'tion
employeeswillingto work longhours
doingphysicallabor.
(A)mostuqent
(B)urgent
{C)urgency
(D)urgently
37. Manyof Dr.Nelson's---------techniques
havebeenincorporatedintothe
operatingpolicies.
company's
(A)innovate
(B)innovative
(C)innovates
{D)innovatively
Alwayspresentyourselfin a --------mannerso as to makethe bestpossible
impression.
CI dignify
(B)dignified
(C)dignifies
(D)dignity
Inc.**--**--*
39. Scholastic
Enterprises,
publishesbookswrittenby leading
academicsin theirfields.
(A)morefrequent
(B)frequency
{C)frequent
(D)frequently
--------- of
40. NationalExpressguar€ntees
your lettersor packagesanywherein the
hoursor less.
countryin twenty-four
(A)deliverable
(B)deliverer
(C)deliver
(D)delivery


41. The contract is being sent by a courier
and should be aniving
(A)shortly
(B)shortness
(Q shorten
(D)short

The cashiershave asked
not to
cut in line and have requestedthat they
wait patientlyfor their turn to check out.

46. The govwn'menthas taken --------measuresto cut down on the amount of
insidertrading that is occuning.
(A)signify
.(B)
significant
(C)significantly
(D)significance

47. This manualshouldprovidebeginning
with some advice on how to take
exceptionalpictures.

{A)shopper
(B)shopping
{C)to shop
(D)shoppers

(A) photographs
(B) photography
(C)photographic
(D)photographers

43. The manageracted

when he
organizedan effort to raise money for the
horneless.
(A)charity
(B)charities
(C)charitableness
(D)charitably

While manydeemedit ------**-, Derrick
Wilson refusedto gle up his dream of
being accepted to the space program.
(A)impossible
(B)impossibility
(C) impossibly
(D)impossibleness

Ms. Alowolo'sproposalwillbe
implementedby the departmentdespite
the faat that she no longer works there.
(A)subsequent
(B)subsequentto
(Q subsequently
(D)subsequence

8.

Workersin the Accounting Department
have a
to ensure that the
company'sfunds are not wasted.
(A)responsibly
(B)responsible
(C)responsibility
(D)responsibilities

The EZ-UsePaintbrushlets artists
spread paint more
on the canvas
and helps preventdripping.
(A)evens
(B)evenly
(C)evened
(D)evenness

It is necessarytor any frctory to produce
goods more *-**----- in orderto turn a
profit.
(A)efficiently
(B)efficiencies
(C)efficient
(D)efficiency


5 1 . The localart gallery'ssummer
was the most successfulin its thifiseven-yearhistory.
(A)exhibition
(B)exhibitive
{C)exhibited
(D)exhibiting

to the engineeringconference
have beensent to all of the individuals
who requestedthem.
(A)Invite
(B) lnviting
(Q Invitation
(D)lnvitations

The policestatedthat --------- 200
people were fined for disruptive behavior
at the politicalrally.
(A)approximately
(B)approximate
(C)approximation
(D)approximated

The marketlngteam is composed of a
grcup of empfoyees,all of whom
have variotrs strengths.
{A)diverse
{B} diversity
(Q diversely
{D}diversify

Mr. Brownb
was unanimously
approved by the board of direators.
(A)recommendation
(B)recommendable
(C)recommending
{D)recommend
57. Maps and other brochuresare ---*----availableat any tourism informationdesk
in the airport.
(A)readily
(B)readiness
(C) ready
(D) readying

Thereare some
changesin the
market that are causing manufacturing
firms to worry about the future.
(A)alarms
(B)alarmed
{G}alarmingly
{D)alarming

Mr. Hendersonis a
individual
who will work tirelesslyuntilthe projectis
complete.
(A)depend
(B)dependable
(Q dependability
(D)depending

60. Thanksto the suddenchangein --------,
Dr. Prersonard Dr.Watkinswillwork
in an effort to discover a vaccine
for the exotic disease.
(A)collaboration
(B)collaborates
(C)collaboratively
{D)collaborated

the company's stock has more than
doubled in value.
{A) profitability
(B) profitable
{Q profited
(D)to profit


6 1 . One of the most
featuresof
the item is its ability to shut itself off
should its internalcomputer detect any
problems.
{A)impressively
(B) impressive
(Q impress
(D) impressiveness

66. That author's novels are so -------*- well
written that the critics all prcclaim him
the best writer of his generation.
(A)exception
(B)exceptional
(C) except
(D)exceptionally

67. Althoughyow applicationis ------*--, w€
The wrecked automobile must be
examinedextremely
before any
repair work may begin on it.
(A)carefully
(B) careful
(C)care
{D}more carefully

The PTW Corporationbelievesthat client
is the most important part of
conductingbusiness.
(A) satisfy
(B) satisfaction
(Q satisfactory
(D) satisfactorily

plan,you should be
64. With this
able to increaseyour financialassets in a
short period of time.
{A) save
(B) saved
(G)savings
(D)safely

have found someoneelse who is even
more qualifiedthan you a.re.
(A) impress
(B) impressed
{Q impressive
(D)impressively

68. Pleasesubmit all project proposalsfor
no later than the third Monday of
the month.
(4 fund
(B) funded
(C)fundable
(D)funding

It is important that you be thorough
about your backgroundand ---**---when fillingout your job application.
(A)qualified
(B) qualify
(G)qualifications
{D}qualifies

for the actions performed by the
outgoing director.

Membersof the MarketingDepartment
are cumentlytryrngto determinehow
the advertisingcampaignsare
performing.

(A) respect
(B) respected
(G)respecting
(D) respectable

(A) effect
{B) effective
(C) effectively
(D) effectiveness

65. Mr. Boninistood and expressedhis


7 1 . Janet's academic
will investigate
her complaintsabout one of her
professors.
(A)advice
{B) advisor
(C)advise
(D)advising

Outgoingand ---------, SusanHeyward
is the obvious choice to lead Ultimate
Fitness,Inc. into its second decade as a
company.
{A) athlete
(B)athletically
{Q athletic
(D)athletics

73. According to the most recent estimates,
the proposed--------- will cost morethan
ten milliondollars.
{A)expands
{B) expansion
{Q expansive
{D)expanded
74. The journalist -----** reportedthat the
firm was being sold when it was not, in
fact, for sale.
(A) mistook
(B) mistake
(Q mistaken
(D) mistakenly

Mr. Daniels'individual--------- plan
guaranteeshim a secure income as soon
as he turns sixty-five.
(A) retired
(B) retires
{Q retire
{Di retirement

believesit is *-------Uppermanagement
to cut salariessincethe company
recordedlossesduringthe pastthree
quarters..
{A)necessary
{B}necessarily
(C)necessitate
(D)necessity

77. All sales

mustconsultwith their
supervisorspriorto attemptingto contact
newclients.
(A)representational
(B)represent
{Q represents
(D)representatives

78. Thebudgetcommitteeneedsto comeup
with a
soundplanwithinthe next
two weeks.
(A)finance
(B)financed'
(C)financial
{D).financially
Therewasa lackof noticeable
as the workersat the conferencewent
abouttheirduties.
(A)enthusiasm
(B)enthusiast
(Q enthusiastic
(D)enthusiastically
Mr.Danversemphasizes
that an
important
of an efficient
employeeis the abilityto usetime wisely.
(A)characteristic
(B)characterize
iQ characterizing
(D)characteristically



TEST
DIAGNOSTIC

1, Thepackage--------- to the clientonlyminutesafterpaymentwas received.
(B)beingsent
(D)wassending

(A)sent
(C)was sent

2.

Dr.Nelson

in the operatingroomfor mostof the daytomorrow.

(A)was
(Q hasbeen

3.

the final numbers,so he is awareof what next year's
I believe that John
budget is goingto look like.
(A)see
(C) seen

4.

(B)are
(D)will be

(B)hasseen
(D)seeing

lf we had reservedtickets in advance,w -*-------- the movie at thelMAJ(
(A)would have seen

(B) had seen

(Q see

(D)saw

discountcouponsto shopperswho purchase
5. The AsanteDepartmentStore
over$100worthof itemson Satuday.
(A) offering
(C) is offering

(B) be offered
(D)to otfer

An*vers:1. {C) 2. tD} 3. {B) 4. (A} 5. (C)


Typesof Questions
Studying
verb form
il wPE 1 , Tense+ active/passive
t

m

t

t t

-

-

rvr

{A)aresending

(B)havesent

(C)will be sent

(D)will send

The4 optionshereare: (A)presentcontinuous,active,pluralverb form; (B) presentperfect,active,
pluralverb form; (C)future,passiveverb form; (D)future,activeverb form.Sincethere is no singular
verb form in all these options,subject-verbagreementdoes not matter.You,therefore,needto
tenseis.
consider:first,whetherthe subjectis the doerof the actionor not;then,whatthe appropriate

ffirfqe

Z.t Therightverbform

(A)determine

(B)determines

(C)determining

(D)determination

(A)submission

(B)submitting

{c) submitted

{D)submit

noun).
thirdpersonsingular,pastform,presentparticiple,
Thesearethe variantsof a verbroot(infinitive,
lf youseethat the missingwordneedsa verb,crossout the nounoptions;then,lookintosubject-verb
+ tenseto havethe rightchoiceof the verbform.
agreement+ activer/passive

ffirqe3 :

Thepassiveform

(A)advised

iB) advising

(C)advisable

(D)advisory

(C)
The4 optionshereare wordsof the samefamily:(A) past participle,(B) presentparticiple,
adjective,(D)adjective/noun.Allof these4 optionscancomeafterthe verbto be. You,firstly,decideif
it is the questionfocussingon wordclass.lf it is not,youcanconcludethat it is a questionon the passive
form.

ffifVPg+ Thepastsubjunctive
fr--eA
M

(A)arranged

(B)would have arranged

(C)were arranging

(D)had arranged

Options(A)arranged,(C) were arranging,(D) had arrangedmay initiallymisleadyou into choosing
the
clauseexistsin the statement,(B)wouldhavearrangedis certainly
if an If / Unte.ss
tenses.However,
rightchoice.


KEypotNTS
Dp LEARNING

O n c e i t a k e a l o o k atithe'proposals,.l
promising.
(A)determine
(C)determining

be
i'iri;;:'"'seem"
the most

A'i!wer iA)

TIPSTOCHOOSE
THECORRECT
OPTIONS
IN PARTS5A6
patterns:
ffi Sentence
Subject+ verb

Thedocumentdisappeared.

Subject+ verb+ comptement

Shewill becomea teacher.

Subject+verb+object

Heestablished
the company.

Subject+ verb+ indirectobject+ directobject

Shegaveme a present.

Subjecl+ verb+ object+ objective
complement Everyone
callshimJim.
ffi n bareinfinitivecomesaftera modal verb:witllwoutd/shoutd/must/may/mightlcan/coutd/ought
to.
You mustsubmityourreportby Thursday.

comesafterp/ease.
ffi n bareinfinitive
Pleaseaccept our apologiesfor any inconvenience.
Ptease
usedto express
OM'
a polilerequest
isfrequently
employed
nctonlyindaiiylifebLltalsainbLlsjness
contexts
It,without
doubt,
occurs
intheTOflCtesiswitha highfrequency.

Quiz4

A n * w * r 'p; * g e l i 1

After consideringthe most recent estimates,
the HumanResourcesDepartment- ------that the companywill have to hire 100 new
employeesduringthe third quarter.
{A)anticipates
{Cianticipation

(B)anticipating
(D)toanticipate

2.

Please
any importantcallsto me while
I am out of the office, but just take messages
from everyoneelse.
{A)forward
{C)forwardinE

{ts)forwards
{D)toforward


(C)
Answer:

IN PARTS546
THECORRECT
OPT}ONS
TIPSTOCHOOSE
$

yesterday,
ago, lastweek/month/year,
fne simplepasttenseis usedwith pasttimeexpressions
tomaffow, nextweekl month/ yean
The simplefuture tense is usedwith futurc time expressions
... from now.
Our officemovedto a new placeone weekago.
Thegrocerystorewill be closedtomonow

@ fne presentperfecttenseis usedto express:1) an actionwhichstartedin the pastandgoeson
uptothe present(adverbs
used:srnce+ a pointoftime;forloverlinthelcsf+ a periodof time);
3) an actionthat has
2) an actionwhichalreadytookplacebut the definitetime is not indicated;
(adverbs
just happened
used:/ust,lately,recently).
Inthelasttenyears,thenumberof university
studentshasrisen.
l$ fne pastperfecttenseis usedto talk aboutactionsthat tookplacebeforea pasttime or a past
action.
Bythetimewe arrived,the meetinghadalreadybegun.

Quiz5
1.

......::Y:r.n:::l:

The satisfaction level of the employbes
tremendouslysince the completion
of the renovationson the main office
building.
{A)will increase
{Q increasing

(B) has increased
(D) increase

2.

Bythe time the police discoveredthe location
of the criminals'headquarters,the maiorltyof
the individualsthey were lookingfor *-----.
{A)are disappearing
(B) will have disappeared
(C)disappear
(D)had disappeared


Answer:
{B)

TIPSTOCHOOSE
THECORRECT
OPTIONS
IN PARTS5a6
is singular,
then-s/-esmustbe addedto the verbsin the simpb
O |f the subjectof the sentence
presenttense.
Themuseum
opensat 9 a.m.fromMonday
to Friday.
require
verbforms:
expressions
singular
Q fne following
. every/each+ singularnoun+ singularverb
. Everyapplicantis requiredto submithis or herr6sum6.
. oneof + pluralnoun+ singularverb
Oneof the applicantshas beenhircd.
. the numberof + pturatnoun+ singularverb
The numberof applicantsis morethanexpected.
noun* plural
of+ plural
verb
CIIEE a number
e.g,A number
ofapplicants
areinterviewed.

Quiz7
1.

Answer:page21I

Visitorswishingto enterthe building
to handoverall of theirelectronicequipment
for the durationof theirstay.
(A)require
(B)requires
(Q are required

(D) has required

2.

Copiesof all employeecontracts*--;----kept in a centraldatabase.
(A)are
(B)to be
(C)was
(D)being


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